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ccZamioculcas loddigesii, Zamiacaulcas zamiafolia, Zamioculcas
lanceolata,cc
Z. "lancifolia" c
 Caladium zamiaefolium 
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 056 "Zamioculcas zamiifolia is a succulent
plant which stores water in its thick petioles and is sometimes found in very dry
habitats, but is more common in evergreen seasonal forests and savannas." c

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, 9"Just a quick check on Google ("Zamioculcas" and
"poison") did not find anything substantive. As far as I can tell, this appears to be
hysteria." " 
 
 

  "The
best one circulating here in Malaysia is that the pollen alone is enough to cause
death in adult humans. I know of NO science whatsoever to back -up these claims."c

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 ccGTubercles regularly develop at the juncture of leaflet and petiole
in Pinellia ternata (Hansen 1881, Linsbauer 1934, Troll 1939), at the apical end of
petiole in Typhonium bulbiferum (Sriboonma et al, 1994) and at the first and
second order divisions of the leaf of Amorphophallus bulbifer (Troll 1939) -
Tubercles in Pinellia may also form spontaneously along the petiole or can be
induced in the basal part by cutting into segments (Linsbauer 1934). Tubercles may
develop in Typhonium violifolium at the leaf apex, the petiole apex and at the apex
of the sheath (Sriboonma et al, 1994)." c

"Regeneration of tubers, leaves and roots from leaf segments is well known in
Zamioculcas zamiifolia and Gonotapus boivinii (Engler 1881, Schubert 1913,
Cutter 1962). Isolated entire leaflets of Zamioculcas and Gonatopus spontaneously
develop a basal swelling, followed by the formation of roots and up to 3 buds, over
a 6-9 week period for Zamioculcas. Leaf regeneration in Gonatopus is more
rapid. The results of experimental manipulation of isolated leaflets grown in
culture show that any part of the compound leaf is capable of regeneration".c

         


  
   
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"It is a very popular plant,
especially with the Chinese, who regard it as lucky (i.e., bringing in money) by the
way it can regenerate by the leaflets. Here we grow it either in pots of red soil
(mainly derived from local ultisols of pH 4-5) mixed with 1/5 bulk coarse sand to
give a water permeable mix that is high in nutrients, or in the open ground in
medium shade. In both 'habitats' plants will receive water virtually every day either
from rainfall (Kuching receives ca. 5 m per annum) or in times of no rain then from
hand watering. In such conditions plants grow very quickly, producing a new leaf
every 3 - 4 weeks. A plant raised from a single leaflet will carry 12 - 15 leaves and
ca. 75 cm tall within a year. The one caveat to giving so much water is that our
temperatures are permanently high; minimum 22 C nighttime and 28 C daytime
with maxima of 26 C and 36 C respectively. Humidity averages 80%." &

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-. !The genus East African
Zamioculcas, as presently understood, consists of just one widespread but variable
species, Zamioculcas zamiifolia (Loddiges) Engler. This may be confirmed by
reading the two most recent works on the genus, Pg. 149 of "The Genera of
Araceae" by S.J. Mayo, J. Bogner, and P.C. Boyce, and a recent update in
"Aroideana", Vol 28, 2005, pg. 3, by Josef Bogner. You may note that in the
article in Aroideana, figs. 4-6, pg. 7, Josef notes that Z. "lancifolia" is a synonym of
Z. zamioculcas."  

  

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"I believe that there may not be photos of fruit developing on this most
interesting African aroid Zamioculcas zamiifolia because it is so easy to reproduce
by just sticking a leaflet in the soil as is its close relative Gonotopus! Zamioculcas
belongs to the
group of aroids
which produce
unisexual
blooms. In other
words they
produce spadices
consisting of
separate
zones. The female
zone is at the base
with the male zone
and sometimes
with one or rarely
a couple of sterile
zones arranged
above the female
zone. From
illustrations of the
spadix of this
genus it would
appear that there
is a vary narrow
sterile zone
between the female and male zones. It should be a fairly simple matter for an
owner of one of these plants at maturity (and with several blooms
developing/opening), to select the most mature bloom when it is at male anthesis
after the bloom has opened fully and is visibly producing pollen and to collect
pollen on a small brush wetted with distilled water and transfer this pollen to the
female zone of another younger bloom just as it is beginning to open. One may
have to carefully cut away a bit of the spath e to get at the female zone. It may take
a few attempts to get the timing right as I speak in general terms here. I have
always been interested in the pollinators and strategy for pollination which
Zamioculcas seems to employ. The blooms are produced on short peduncles almost
at ground level. As they mature they lean over on the peduncle and as they open
the spathe sort of unrolls toward ground level, seemingly to provide a ramp or ''red
carpet'' to facilitate visiting insects walking on the ground, perha ps ants or
terrestrial beetles in its home range! If one is successful in pollination and
fruit/seed production, it will be most interesting to learn what strategy is employed
by this plant for dispersal of its fruit and seed, based on the size and texture of its
fruit and seeds, to speculate what insects or birds or mammals might be the
distributors!" 
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"A colleague here at the Gardens asks what are
the best soil conditions and general care for this species. We have it in the
greenhouse where it thrives but do any of you grow it in your house. Does it
require special care? I would appreciate it if anyone has any advise." c

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"The plant is nearly bullet proof. If you grow it in a house it will grow very slowly.
In a greenhouse it will grow like mad. Mine was 10 cm tall, in a room with no
natural light and rare waterings after a year it looked the same. Moved to the
greenhouse fed and watered it, and in a year it was more than a meter tall." c
c
"My daughter gave me one about two years ago. I read everything i could find and
according to what I can locate Zamioculcas zamiifolia enjoys drier arid conditions.
Supposedly, it likes water in the rainy season and little moisture during the dry
season. That just didn't fit into the way I grow aroids in my tropical atrium, so I
just planted it! In fact, it is just feet away from my large Anthurium regale. The
plant is watered as often as all the other tropical aroids and does just fine! It is in
very loose soil with lots of sand added. But other than that, we don't do anything
special. To be honest, I wasn't crazy about the thing. But my daughter read it was
an aroid so she got it for me. It may eventually not survive, but for several years it
has tolerated my "tropical conditions" well."

"I agree with what (name removed) reported, both on what research will tell you
the plant wants, some moisture and then a dry season, and on what his reality was,
and mine as well. We planted ours in an upper planter pocket in the rain forest
simulation at UNC Charlotte, where it was fairly well drained but pretty constant
moisture as well, and it just thrived, flowered, the whole nine yards. It got some
sun, but not much - just good bright light, well drained soil, and good moisture. It
got real good sized for us under those conditions." cc

"Keep it well drained. It can be grown in an orchid compost (tough or graded bark
mixed with an equiv volume of peat moss) or peat moss - perlite (5-0 mm) equiv
mix or in sand (5-0 mm) - peat 3:1 mix. I got an over watered one and I kept it dry
for 2 months now it looks better."
c
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