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Controller for controlling evaporators

AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121

REFRIGERATION AND
AIR CONDITIONING Technical Brochure
Introduction The controllers described in this brochure belong to the AK 100 series comprising evaporator controls
for refrigeration appliances and small coldrooms. A system consists of the following components:
controller, valve and sensors. The system, on the whole, replaces all other automatic controls, as it
contains an injection function for optimum utilisation of evaporators, day and night thermostats,
defrost function, fan control, rail heat control, light control, alarm function, and so on.

The controller works in conjunction with an electrically operated valve which will either be an expan-
sion valve or a solenoid valve.
Pt 1000 ohm temperature sensors, with great signal accuracy are used for measuring temperatures.
Depending on the application selected, anywhere from 3 to 5 sensors are used per regulated evapora-
tor.

Application The system can be used on all refrigerating plant.


For instance in:
• Refrigeration appliances
• Cold rooms
• Air conditioning plant

Advantages • Energy savings at


- Adaptive setting of the expansion valve means optimum utilisation of the evaporator.
- Controlled power consumption for rail heat and evaporator fan.
- Adaption of condenser pressure. The compressor uses less power.
- Defrost based on demand

• Better product quality


Greater temperature accuracy.

• Designed for the future


The flexible design of the system makes it easy to add more controllers if the refrigeration plant has
to be extended.

• PC connection
In this way central operation and data collection are made possible.

• Service function
Temperatures and functions are monitored constantly. All controllers contain a service function that
will help identifying faults in case of alarms.

• Simple mounting
System-adapted components make it easy to mount them, to run them in, and to service them.

• Choise of refrigerant
All fluorinated refrigerants may be used (also blends). And ammonia, when an AKVA valve is used.

• One valve - two functions


The AKV valve functions as both expansion valve and solenoid valve.

2 Technical brochure RC1HC802 © Danfoss 03/2003 AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121
Controller types The individual controllers are refrigeration controls containing the required functions for the control of
medium temperature/low temperature appliances or rooms. There are several controller series, each
with their own different functions depending on their field of application.

AKC 114
This controller is a complete refrigeration appliance
control with functions for the control of one
evaporator in one medium temperature/low
temperature appliance.
The controller is specially suited for gas defrost.

AKC 115-116 are extended refrigeration controls


like AKC 114, but they can control two and three
evaporators in the same refrigeration appliance,
respectively.

AKC 114D-116D
Like AKC 114-116, but with slightly different
functions, e.g. internal night clock and defrost on
demand.

AKC 114A-116A
Primarily as the D version, but with slightly different
functions.
In this series the evaporating pressure is measured
with a pressure transmitter.

AKC 114F - 116F


Primarily as the D version, but with slightly different
functions.
In this series an output for light control is used, and
the signal for start/stop is a 24 V signal.

AKC 121A
This controller does not have an expansion valve
function, but instead two thermostat functions. In
other respects many of the functions are common
to the above described controllers.
The controller is particularly suited for systems with
indirect refrigeration.

AKC 121B
Primarily as the AKC 121A version, but with slightly
different functions.
In this controller there is functions for light control
and input signals from door switches.
The controller is particularly suited for room control
in systems with indirect refrigeration.

A survey of the different control versions and their functions is shown on page 10.

Operation can take place from a central place,


either with control unit type AKA 21 or from a
connected PC.

AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121 Technical brochure RC1HC802 © Danfoss 03/2003 3
Standard functions All controllers contain the following functions:

Data transmission The individual regulators are normally placed in the individual refrigeration applicances. Operation of
the regulators takes place via a separate control unit, type AKA 21. The control unit loacted at a central
place, for instance outside of the shop itself. All regulators are interconnected by means of a two-core
cable. When this connection has been established, all data communication takes place between the
control unit and the regulators via this cable. A PC may also be connected to the system. In this way it
is possible to operate the system and to collect all operational data via the PC. Sockets for connection
of AKA 21 may be placed at any point of the data communication cable giving access to any connect-
ed regulator.

Day thermostat In the controller you may choose between two thermostat functions -an OFF/ON thermostat or a
modulating thermostat.
When the air temperature at the media temperature sensor equals the set value the controller will
stop the refrigeration and close the valve. When two air sensors (S3 and S4) are used, regulation may
be based on the temperature differential across one of the evaporators.

Night thermostat Refrigeration appliances are often covered during


the night. This covering lowers the temperature in
the refrigeration appliance.
The night setback value, by which the controlled
temperature has to be increased to offset the lower
air temperature, is set on the controller. Change-
over to night operation takes place with an internal
or external signal.

Alarm thermostat The alarm is activated when the media temperature is too high or too low. Alarm limits and time
delays can be set at your option. Actual alarms and the nature of the alarm are shown directly on the
operating unit.

Alarm function A built-in alarm function constantly keeps an eye on the sensors, the valves, the liquid flow and the
regulating functions. If faults are registered, an alarm signal is given. If the controller is not capable of
controlling the liquid injection on account of a defective fan, or the like, the alarm will sound.

Service/diagnosis The controller is equipped with a service/diagnosis system. The function is used in connection with
start-up or alarm. By going through the service function, all system components are easily checked.

Display signal A display can be connected which will show the air
temperature at the evaporator. When refrigeration
is cut out in connection with a defrost, this will be
indicated in the display. Each section can be con-
nected to a display.

Sensor correction All measurements from the temperature sensors can be corrected, to compensate for long wires.

Defrost start Activation of the defrost function can be arranged with an external signal (pulse signal) or by using the
internal clock function.

Defrost stop Defrost stop is based on temperature registration or on a fixed set time. The defrost sensor measures
the evaporator’s surface temperature. When the temperature equals the set value, the defrost will stop
in the section concerned. If the defrost cycle exceeds the programmed defrost period, the defrost will
stop and the alarm will sound.

4 Technical brochure RC1HC802 © Danfoss 03/2003 AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121
Fan control This function permits cycling operation of the fan.
The function is only activated during night opera-
tion, and when the thermostat is cut out. On/off
periods for fan operation can be set on the control
panel.

Rail heat control The function cuts the required power for any
connected rail-heating element in and out. On/off
periods can be set on the control panel.

Access code Two types of access code can be defined which will subsequently limit the access to the controller.
Code 1 will give access to a limited part of the unit’s functions.
Code 2 will give access to all the unit’s functions.

Master function The controller can be overridden from a central master function on the following functions: night
operation, stop of regulation, displacement of thermostat reference and displacement of alarm limit.
The override signal is transmitted via DANBUSS.

AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121 Technical brochure RC1HC802 © Danfoss 03/2003 5
Special functions The following functions are not standard in all controllers. See the survey on page 10.

Expansion valve There are two ways of controlling the liquid supply
to the evaporator:

1) The liquid supply is controlled by signals from


three AKS sensors (S1, S2 and an air sensor,
that can be placed in front of the evaporator,
or behind it). The sensors register the differ-
ence between the temperature at the evapo-
rator's outlet (S2) and the temperature at the
evaporator's inlet (S1). Compared with the air
temperature the sensors form a signal so that
the superheat is continously held to a minimum,
whatever the operating conditions.

2) Instead of registering the evaporating tempera-


ture with the S1 sensor, it is registered by means
of a pressure transmitter. This signal may be
used by several controllers from the same series
(max. five).

There are no settings for the regulation of the


superheat. The controller itself will arrange for the
optimum evaporator charge.

MOP function The injection of liquid is kept at a minimum until the compressor has lowered the evaporating pres-
sure to a safe level. The evaporating pressure is registered and compared with the MOP value. The
normal expansion valve function will not start until the evaporating pressure is lower than the MOP
value.

AKV valve The AKV valve both functions as expansion valve and solenoid valve. The valve opens and closes by
a signal from the controller or by an external signal sent to if from a defrost timer, thermostat or the
safety controls.

Solenoid valve This valve must be used in conjunction with AKC 121 which only controls temperatures.

Defrost type The standard version of the controllers can control an electric defrost. Some of the controllers are
furthermore provided with connections and setting options, so that they can carry out gas defrosts.
Defrost stop can be made by means of temperature registration (e.g. with the S1 sensor when there is
gas defrost, and the S5 sensor when there is electric defrost).
During defrost the fan may be stopped. After defrost, the “delayed fan start” function or delayed injec-
tion function may be used, for instance after defrost in freezer cabinet.

Defrost based on demand The function checks whether a planned


defrost is to take place, or whether it can be
skipped.
It will then be required that the following functions
are used: thermostat function, internal defrost
clock, and that the defrost is stopped via the
selected defrost sensor.

Language The controller’s menus are shown with a brief text of 10 characters. From the factory this text is in
English. With a setting, this text can be changed to another language (see survey on page 10).

6 Technical brochure RC1HC802 © Danfoss 03/2003 AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121
TEV function The electronic injection function can be disconnected. Control of the injection will then take place
with a thermostatic expansion valve and a solenoid valve. The solenoid valve is connected to the con-
troller’s AKV output. The thermostat function will now have ON/OFF control of the solenoid valve.

Glide Setting of temperature glide on refrigeration systems using a zeotrope refrigerant.

Sequential defrost This involves regulation of several sections. When there is defrost, the whole appliance need not be
defrosted at one go, it may be done section by section.

Output to compressor relay The output can be connected to the compressor's control circuit. The function may be used in con-
nection with the thermostat function's on/off regulation, e.g. on plant with one evaporator and one
compressor. Here the function may be used for starting and stopping the compressor.

Condensing pressure control The output signal can be connected to the con-
denser’s control circuit. The signal is used for
optimising the condensing pressure. The values
for pressure increases and decreases are set via the
control panel.

External alarm signal The input can be connected to a contact function. When the contact cuts out, the alarm function will
be activated.

External reference signal The thermostat function’s reference can be displaced by means of an external voltage signal (0 - 10V
d.c.). Or the input may be used for an alarm function, where alarm is given at high or low signal.

Light control A relay output will follow day/night operation.

ON/OFF input With an external signal it is possible to start a defrost cycle or to change between day and night opera-
tion.

ON/OFF input from door With a signal to this input the controller will for example activate the light in the cold room. An
switch attached alarm function will sound the alarm if the door has been open for a longer period than
permitted.

AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121 Technical brochure RC1HC802 © Danfoss 03/2003 7
Technical data
Type
AKC 114_ AKC 115_ AKC 116_ AKC 121_
Supply voltage 230 V +10/-15%, 50/60 Hz + + + +
Power consumption 10 VA 11 VA 12 VA 5 VA
Pt 1000 ohm /0°C 5 stk. 9 stk. 13 stk. 6 stk.
Temperature range -100 - +150°C -100 - +150°C -100 - +150°C -100 - +150°C
Sensor inputs Low current input for night setback signal 1 1 1
Signal input for pressure transmitter type AKS 32R
1 1 1
(serie "A" only)
External reference signal 0 to 10 V (serie "A" only) 1 1 1
Start/stop refrigeration 2

Defrost start or Day-/night switch 1


Kontaktfunktion
ON/OFF indgange External alarm signal
1 1 1
(serie "A" only)
Start/stop refrigeration *) 1 1 1
230 V a.c.
Defrost start 1 1 1
AKV valve 1 2 3
Semiconductor
Fan I max = 3,6 A

Compressor 1

Alarm 1 1
ON-OFF udgange elay:
Defrost 1 2
(230 V)
Rail heat 1
AC-1: 6 A (ohmic)
Gas defrost (114-116)
Condenser (serie "D") 1
AC-15: 3 A (induc-
Day-/night operation (serie "A")
tive)
Solenoid valve 2

Railheat / Day-/night opertion /


1
Fan

Operation Control panel type AKA 21 / PC


Hardware RS 485
Data communication
Software DANBUSS
0 - +55°C, during operation
-50 - +70°C, during transport
Environment
20 - 80% Rh, not condensed
No shock influence / vibrations

Material Eloxered aluminium (endedæksler i plast)

Density IP 30(32)
Enclosure
Weight 1,5 kg 2 kg 2 kg 1,5 kg
Montage Til indbygning på væg/DIN-skinne
EU Low voltage Directive and EMC demands re CE-marking com-
plied with.
Approvals
LVD-tested acc. to EN 60730-1 and EN 60730-2-9
EMC-tested acc. to EN50081-1, EN 50082-1 and EN61000-6-2
*) In the "F-series" is the signal 24 V.

8 Technical brochure RC1HC802 © Danfoss 03/2003 AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121
Dimensions

AKC 114, 121: 359 mm


AKC 115 / 116: 539 mm

AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121 Technical brochure RC1HC802 © Danfoss 03/2003 9
10
AKC AKC AKC AKC AKC AKC AKC AKC AKC AKC AKC AKC AKC AKC
Type
114 115 116 114D 115D 116D 114A 115A 116A 114F 115F 116F 121A 121B
084B- 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B-

Ordering
084B- 084B- 084B-
English, German, French 6027 6042 6043 6029 6044 6045 6171 6173 6175 6178 6179 6180
Language / 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B- 084B-
English, Danish, Spanish
Code no. 6028 6046 6047 6032 6048 6049 6172 6174 6176
English, German, French, Danish, Span- 084B- 084B-
ish, Swedish 2051 2904

AKV valve 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3
Evaporating temperature measure-
1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3
ment with S1
Evaporating pressure measurement
Injection x
with AKS 32R
MOP function x x x x
TEV function x x x
Glide adjustment x x Not required x

Technical brochure
Number of thermostats 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 2 2
Number of temperature selections 1 1 1 2 3 1 2 2
On/off thermostat or modulating
Thermostat x x x x x x

RC1HC802
thermostat
External reference signal 1

©
Solenoid valve output 2 2
Electric defrost x x x x x x

Danfoss
Gas defrost x
Defrost
Defrost based on requirement x x x
Sequential defrost of sections x x

03/2003
Output for compressor relay x x x x
Condenser pressure control x
External alarm signal x
Light control x x
Sundry
Light control or defrost x
Rail heat or fan or light control x
On/off input 2 2
On/off input from door switch x 2

AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121


IP 00 AKC 114A - 116A and AKC 114F - 116F are also manufactured in an IP 00 enclosure for installation in a
cabinet.

Type Standard enclosure IP 00 enclosure Software Code no.

084B6171 084B6971 084B6171 084B6905 (8 pcs.)


AKC 114A
084B6172 084B6972 084B6172 084B6902 (8 pcs.)
084B6173 084B6973 084B6173 084B6906 (6 pcs.)
AKC 115A
084B6174 084B6974 084B6174 084B6903 (6 pcs.)
084B6175 084B6975 084B6175 084B6907 (6 pcs.)
AKC 116A
084B6176 084B6976 084B6176 084B6904 (6 pcs.)
AKC 114F 084B6178 084B6978 084B6178 084B6908 (8 pcs.)
AKC 115F 084B6179 084B6979 084B6179 084B6909 (6 pcs.)
AKC 116F 084B6180 084B6980 084B6180 084B6910 (6 pcs.)

Pressure transmitter type AKS 32R for AKC 114A - AKC 116A
Pressure range Output signal Supply Accuracy Enclosure Pressure connection Code no.
Supplied without plug. 1/4 in. flare 7/16 - 20 UNF 060G1036
IP67 can be obtained
For max 5
-1 to 12 bar From controller 1% FS with the connecting plug
controllers mentioned here 1/4 - 18 NPT 060G1037
G 3/8 A ISO 228/1 060G1038
Connecting plug with 5 m cable IP 67 060G1034

The pressure transmitter specifications are described in main catalogue RK.0Y.G.

Accessories
Function Code no.
Bracket for DIN-rail (10 pcs.) 084B6160
Display type AKA 14 (with 3 m cable) 084B6040
Display type AKA 15 084B6130
AKA 14
3 m cable for AKA 15 (24 pcs.) 084B6145

AKA 15

AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121 Technical brochure RC1HC802 © Danfoss 03/2003 11
Literature

AKC 114-116 Function description (AKC 114 - 116, AKC 114D - 116D, AKC 114A - 116A) ................................. RC1HU
Function description (AKC 114F - 116F) .................................................................................................... RC1MF
Menu operation via AKA 21 (AKC 114 - 116) ............................................................................................. RC1HV
Menu operation via AKM (AKC 114 - 116) .................................................................................................. RC1HX
Menu operation via AKA 21 (AKC 114D - 116D) ...................................................................................... RC1HZ
Menu operation via AKM (AKC 114D - 116D) ........................................................................................... RC1H10
Menu operation via AKA 21 (AKC 114A - 116A) ....................................................................................... RC1MB
Menu operation via AKM (AKC 114A - 116A) ............................................................................................ RC1MC
Menu operation via AKA 21 (AKC 114F - 116F) ........................................................................................ RC1ME
Menu operation via AKM (AKC 114F - 116F) ............................................................................................. RC1MG

AKC 121 Function description ............................................................................................................................... RC1MD


Menu operation via AKA 21 (AKC 121A) ..................................................................................................... RC1MA
Menu operation via AKA 21 (AKC 121B) .................................................................................................... RC1MJ

Common Installation guide for data communication cable................................................................................... RC0XA


Technical brochure Electronic expansion valve type AKV 10 ...................................................... RD8AB
Main catalogue Solenoid valves and pressure transmitters type AKS 32R ...................... RK0YG
Main catalogue Temperature sensors type AKS ........................................................................ RK0YG

Danfoss can accept no responsibility for possible errors in catalogues, brochures and other printed material. Danfoss reserves the right to alter its products without notice. This also applies to products
already on order provided that such alternations can be made without subsequential changes being necessary in specifications already agreed.
RC-ET

All trademarks in this material are property of the respecitve companies. Danfoss and Danfoss logotype are trademarks of Danfoss A/S. All rights reserved.

12 Technical brochure RC1HC802 © Danfoss 03/2003 AKC 114 - 116, AKC 121