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# PHYSICS SOLUTIONS

TARGET : JEE (IITs)
TOPIC : CIRCULAR MOTION
PART - I
1. at = 0 = constant

## 2. Velocity chnages as its direction change

Acceleration changes as its direction change.
3. |v| = constant

4. T = m2R
T + 60 = m (3)2R
60
m2R =
8
2R = 2.5 m/s 2
92R = 22.5 m/s 2
C

5. (C) as = 0  at = 0
TA = 0
 FC = maC = m2R = constant
TD TB
D B
6. mg = constant vector
Tmax = 6mg
7. When critical velocities are taken
T A + T C = 6 mg = constant
T B + T D = 6 mg = constant A mg
8. Let v be the speed of particle at B, just when it is about to loose contact.
From application of Newton's second law to the particle normal to the spherical surface.
mv 2
= mg sin  .......... (1)
r
Applying conservation of energy as the block moves from A to B..
1
mv2 = mg (r cos  – r sin ) .......... (2)
2
Solving 1 and 2 we get
3 sin  = 2 cos 
2 3
 T1   1012  T1 1
9. 2
T d 3     
 
 T2 
 1013  
  T2 = 10 10

 T1 : T2 = 1 : 10 10

## 10. Initial extension will be equal to 6 m.

1
 Initial energy = (200) (6)2 = 3600 J.
2
1
Reaching A : mv2 = 3600 J
2
 mv2 = 7200 J
From F.B.D. at A :

mv 2 7200
N=  = 1440 N
R 5

## RESONANCE CIRCULAR MOTION - 1

 
11. Since F  V , the particle will move along a circle.
mv 2 S FS
 F= & =  =
R R mv 2
12. x2 = 4ay
Differentiating w.r.t. y, we get
dy x
=
dx 2a
dy
 At (2a, a),
=1  hence  = 45°
dx
the component of weight along tangential direction is mg sin .
g
hence tangential acceleration is g sin  =
2

## 13. As tangential acceleration a = dV/dt = dr/dt

dr
but  = 2n= 4 rad/s and = (2 × 0.75) × 10–2 m/s = 1.5 × 10–2 m/s (reel is turned uniformly at the rate
dt
T
of 2 r.p.s.)
 a = 4 × 1.5 × 10–2 m/s2 = 6 × 10–2 m/s2
Now by the F.B.D. of the mass.
W
T–W= a  T = W (1 + a/g) put a = 6 × 10–2  T = 1.019 W w
g

14. For A :

T – m2r – ma = 0 .............(i)
Seen from object itself
mg
T– = ma .............(i)
3
For B :
mg – T = ma .............(ii)
(i) – (ii)
4
2T = mg
3
2
T= mg
3

## 15. |v| = constant

16.  = constant
 = 0 = constant

2
17. F= f 2  Ft  (mg ) 2 > mg f (f = m2r)

dV
(as = constant  Ft = constant)
dt F
Now when the angular speed of the rod is
increasing at const. rate the resultant force mg

will be more inclined towards f .

Hence the angle between F and horizontal plane decreases so as with the rod due to increases in
f = m2r only.

## RESONANCE CIRCULAR MOTION - 2

PART - II
1. (a) The system is in equilibrium when
m1 gsin = m2g
m2
or sin = m
1
(b) Let the tangential acceleration of m1 be a.
 m2 g – m1 g sin = (m1 + m2) a
40  25 15
a= = m/s2
9 9
the normal acceleration of m1 is zero.  speed of m1 is zero.
15
 The magnitude of acceleration of m1 = m/s2 .
9
2. (a) Applying conservation of energy between initial and final position is
Loss in gravitational P.E. of the bead of mass m = gain in spring P. E.
1 2
 mg R = K (2R – 2 R)
2
mg
or K=
R (3  2 2 )
(b) At t = 0
at = g
ac = 0
at lowest point
at = 0
ac = 0
The centripetal acceleration of bead at the initial and final position is zero because its speed at both position
is zero.
The tangential acceleration of the bead at initial position is g.
The tangential acceleration of the bead at lower most position is zero.
3. Since belt is not slipping, speed at rim of A and B is same
ArA = BrB
25 2
A = 100 × = 250 rpm = 250 × rad/sec.
10 60

25
3
 = 0 + t
25
0
3 50
t= = sec.
/2 3

   0 
=  t
 2 

2  100  2 40
t= = sec.
40  30 7
5. (a) As a rod AB moves, the point ‘P’ will always lie on the circle.
its velocity will be along the circle as shown by ‘VP’ in the figure.
If the point P has to lie on the rod ‘AB’ also then it should have
component in ‘x’ direction as ‘V’.
 VP sin  = V  VP = V cosec 

## RESONANCE CIRCULAR MOTION - 3

x 1 3R 3
here cos = = . =
R R 5 5
4 5
 sin =  cosec  =
5 4
5
 VP = V ...Ans.
4
VP 5V
(b)  = =
R 4R

ALTERNATIVE SOLUTION :
(a) Let ‘P’ have coordinate (x, y)
x = R cos , y = R sin .
dx d d V
VX = = – R sin  = V  =
dt dt dt R sin 

d  V 
and VY = R cos  = R cos     = – V cot 
dt  R sin  

VP 5V
(b) = =
R 4R

## 6. Taking a small element at D

N sin = dmg

dmg
N=
sin 
2T sin – N cos = dm2R
2T sin = dm(2R + g cot)
But  is very small, sin  
md
2T  = (2R + g cot)
2R

 d  md
2T   = (2R + g cot)
 2R  2R

mg  2R 
T = 2  g  cot   .

 

## RESONANCE CIRCULAR MOTION - 4

7. The particle velocity has two components.
(i) v0 sin vertical which move it in vertical direction.

(ii) v0 cos in horizontal direction and along the cylindrical surface which cause it to move in circle.
2
m( v 0 cos  )2 mv 0 cos 2 
So, N= =
R R

   
8.

F  ma or F  m(a x  a y ) ( a2 = 0)
x = a sin t
dx
vx = = aw cos (t)
dt

d2 x
ax = = – a2 sin(t)
dt 2
dy
vy = = – b sin(t)
dt

d2 y
ay = = – b 2 cos(t)
dt 2

So F  m( a2 sin t î  b2 cos t ĵ )

F  m 2 (a sin t î  b cos t ĵ )

F  m2 ( x î  y ĵ )

| F |  m 2 x 2  y 2

y b
direction tan = = cot(t) (from x-axis)
x a
or [( x î  yĵ )] is position vector of the particle in corrdinate system. Because of negative sign force is
opposite to it and always acting towards the orzon.
9. In x-direction,

## ax = g sin – g sin cos

ax = g sin (1 – cos)
t
vx = g sin  (1  cos )dt .........(i)
0
In tangential direction, As a rod AB moves, the point ‘P’ will always lie on the circle.
at = g sin cos – g cos

## RESONANCE CIRCULAR MOTION - 5

at = –g sin (1 – cos)
t
v – v0 = – gsin  (1  cos )dt .........(ii)
0
from (i) & (ii)
v – v0 = –vx = – v cos
v0
v= .
(1  cos )

## 10. Net tangential force acting on the element due to gravity is

d mg sin gS
Total external force on chain along the length is

F=  dmg sin 
 /R
m
g sin  R d
F gR  / R
F=   a=   sin  d
0
 m  0

gR gR    
a=  cos 0 / R  a= 1  cos  .
    R 

11. t = a
So, v = at = 2as

v2
also, N =
R

a2t 2
bt4 =
R

a2 2as
t2 = and bt4 =
bR R
2
 a2  2as
b 
 bR  = R
 

a3 2 2 v2 a2t 2 a4
R=  =  t  N = ( N = = = )
2bs R R bR 2

2 2
 a4 
2
 4bS2 
= a   

 = a 1  3 

.
 bR 2  a
   
12. (a) Parabola y = ax2 is shown. It is clear from diagram that at x = 0 velocity is along x-axis and constant aN
is along y-axis. So,
d2 y
aN =
dt 2
dy dx
= 2a × = 2aVx
dt dt

d2 y dx d2 x
2 = 2av = 2av2 ( 0)
dt dt dt 2
aN = 2av2
v2 1
R= 2 = .
2av 2a

## RESONANCE CIRCULAR MOTION - 6

2 2
x  y 
(b)    2  1
a b 
Here again at x = 0 particle is at (0, ± b) moving along positive or negative x-axis hence aN is along y-axis
only.
d2 y
aN =
dt 2
2x dx 2y dy
 0
a 2 dt b 2 dt

2vx 2 y  dy 
  0
a2 b 2  dt 
2
2v dx 2  dy  2 y  d2 y  dy
2 dt
 2    2  2   0 [ v = const. along x-axis only = 0]
a b  dt  b  dt  dt

2v 2 2(b)  d2 y 

a2 b 2  dt 2 

bv 2 v2 a2
aN =  R=  =
a2 aN b

dv
13. at = = a = 0.50 m/s 2
dt
at = R
1
=  t2
2
1 1
 s = R = Rt2  s= a t2
2 2 t

1 4R
(0.1) 2R = (0.5)t2  t=
2 5

4R
v = a . t = 0.5
5

v2 0 . 25  4 
ac = = = 0.2 
R 5

a= a 2t  a 2t = 21 2  5 2 = 1
4
 10
25
= 13
20
m/s 2

14. V = 10 m/s
v2
tan  =
Rg

 10  10 
  = tan–1    45 º
 10  10 

15. (i) At  = 0º
T
v2
anet =

R A
acceleration is vertically up
mg

## RESONANCE CIRCULAR MOTION - 7

(ii) At  = 90º is at B
v=0

mg
Acceleration is vertically down. u=0
(iii) Horizontally v
2
 a C=
v /R2 R R cos 
tan  = atotal
g sin 
|| 
2
v

||
 g sin  . tan  = .....(1)
R at = gsin
mg
Using energy conservation :
1
mv 2  mgR cos  ....(2)
2
By (1) & (2)
1 1
tan  =  cos  =
2 3

 1 
  = cos–1  

 3

N
mv 2 1 100
16. (a) N1 = = N1
R 10  50
N1 = 0.2 N C
2
mv
(b) N= cos  ....(1)
R mg
for just slipping
mv 2
N = sin  .....(2)
R
from eqn (1) & (2)
1 1
tan  =  = = = 1.724   = 30º Ans.
3 0.58

m 2  m1 2R
17. a = m  m 2R =
2 1 3
2m1m 2 4
T = m  m 2R = m2R
2 1 3

18. =
4
at 
tan 45º = a  at = aC
c
v=?
v2
 g sin  = ...(1)  – cos 
t
Using energy conservation
3g
1 1
m 3g – mv2 = mg  (1 – cos )
2 2
 mv2 = 3mg – 2mg + 2mg cos 
mv2 = mg + 2mg cos  .............(2)

## RESONANCE CIRCULAR MOTION - 8

By eq. (1) and (2)
sin  = 1 + 2 cos    = 90º

N sin   m 2R
19.
N cos   mg

2R
 tan  =
g

R 2R
 =  2 = g/(r – h) ......(1)
r h g

g
(a) h>0  r– >0
2

9 .8
 > g/r = = 98 = 7 2 rad/second Ans.
0 .1
(b) g = 2 (r – h)
g h 10 4
 = –
g h h

g  10 4
maximum value of h is 0.1 so that g = – = – 9.8 × 10–3 m/s2 Ans.
h
20. N – mg sin 30º = m2R .....(1)
mg cos 30º = N .....(2)
N
3mg  mg  30º
 =   m 2R  N
2  2  
g
 ( 3  )  2R mg sin30º
2 mg cos30º

g ( 3  )
R=
2 2

9.8 ( 3  0.6
R= = 0.24 m Ans.
2(2)2
For minimum angular velocity, normal sould be zero at heighest point
m2 R = mg

g 9 .8
R 0.24
Also, condition for which block will not slip on cylinder is
N – mg cos = m2R
N = mg cos + m2R
fr max = N = (mg cos + m2R)
For the block does not slip over cylinder,
mg sin frmax
mg sin mg cos + m2R
g sin  – mg cos 

R

g
 (sin    cos )
R

## RESONANCE CIRCULAR MOTION - 9

block will not shift anywhere if  is greater than maximum possible value of RHS which is

g
 (1   2 )1/ 2
R
21.  = kt
at = r = ktr a
a  t
 t
d ac
= = kt   d  ktdt

dt 0 0

2 2 4
kt k t
= , aC = 2r = r
2 4
1/ 3
ac k 2 t 4r / 4 kt 3  4 tan  
tan = a = =  t=  
t ktr 4  k 
22. Centripetal acceleration at A = 2R
acceleration along AB = 2R cos 
Time taken to reach the point B
1
L=0+ (2 R cos )t2 (L << R)
2
2L
t= Ans.
2R cos 

## 23. T = kx = 147 (0.1 sec  – 0.1)

T sin  = m 2 r
 147(0.1 sec  – 0.1)sin  = 0.3 × (14)2 (0.1 tan )
1 – cos  = 0.4

3
 cos =   = 53º
5
T = 147 (0.1 sec 53 – 0.1) = 9.8 N

3
N = T cos – mg = 9.8 × – 0.3 × 9.8 = 2.94 N
5
N = 2.94 N Ans.