Está en la página 1de 18

Thailand International

Mathematical Olympiad 2016


泰國國際數學競賽 2016
Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet
幼稚園組 試題集
考生須知:
Instructions to Contestants:

1. 本卷包括 試題 乙份,試題紙不可取走。
Each contestant should have ONE Question-Answer Book which CANNOT be taken
away.
2. 本卷共 5 個範疇,每範疇有 5 題,共 25 題,每題 4 分,總分 100 分,答錯不扣分。
There are 5 exam areas and 5 questions in each exam area. There are a total of 25
questions in this Question-Answer Book. Each carries 4 marks. Total score is 100 marks.
No points are deducted for incorrect answers.
3. 請將答案寫在 答題紙 上。
All answers should be written on ANSWER SHEET.
4. 比賽期間,不得使用計算工具。
NO calculators can be used during the contest.
5. 本卷中所有圖形不一定依比例繪成。
All figures in the paper are not necessarily drawn to scale.
6. 比賽完畢時,本試題會被收回。
This Question-Answer Book will be collected at the end of the contest.

本試題不可取走。
THIS Question-Answer Book CANNOT BE TAKEN AWAY.
未得監考官同意,切勿翻閱試題,否則參賽者將有可能被取消資格。
DO NOT turn over this Question-Answer Book without approval of the examiner.
Otherwise, contestant may be DISQUALIFIED.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

填空題(第 1 至 25 題)(每題 4 分,答錯及空題不扣分)


Open-Ended Questions (1st ~25th) (4 points for correct answer, no penalty point for wrong
answer)

Logical Thinking
邏輯思維

1. Jacob has three children, two of them are sons. How many daughter(s) does Jacob have?
積及有三個孩子,其中兩個是兒子,問積及共有多少個女兒?

2. In the figure below, there are 2 balances. Which of ○、△、□ is the lightest?
下圖中有兩個天秤,問○、△、□哪個最輕?

Question 2
第2題

3. According to the pattern shown below, what is the number in the box?
按以下規律,求在方格內的數字。
1

2 4

3 6 9

4 8 16

4. According to the pattern shown below, what is the number in the blank?
按以下規律,求在橫線上的數字。

1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 __ 、 2 、….

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

5. According to the following pattern, how many  are there in the fourth group?
根據以下的規律,問第 4 組有多少個 ?

   
 
 

1st Group 2nd Group 3rd Group 4th Group


第1組 第2組 第3組 第4組
Question 5
第5題

Arithmetic
算術

6. Find the value of 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 .


求 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 的值。

7. Find the value of 15 - 7 - 5 .


求15 - 7 - 5 的值。

8. If A is an 1-digit number, what is the value of A if the equation below is correct?


若 A 為 1 位數字,且以下算式正確,求 A 的值。
1 1 - A = 2

9. Find the value of 13 + 12 + 15 .


求13 + 12 + 15 的值。

10. If A is an 1-digit number, what is the value of A if the equation below is correct?
若 A 為 1 位數字,且以下算式正確,求 A 的值。
26 + A = 29

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Number Theory
數論

11. Amy has 8 apples and John has no apples. How many apples does Amy have to give John
to make them have the same number of apples?
艾美有 8 個蘋果,約翰沒有蘋果。要使兩人有相同數量的蘋果,艾美要給約翰多少
個蘋果?

12. Fill the lines with ‘ + ‘ and ‘ – ‘ to make the equation below correct.
(Write down the complete equation in the answer sheet)
在橫線上填上加號或減號,使下列算式正確。
(在答題紙上寫上完整算式)

1 2 3 4 = 10

13. Fill the lines with ‘ + ‘ and ‘ – ‘ to make the equation below correct.
(Write down the complete equation in the answer sheet)
在橫線上填上加號或減號,使下列算式正確。
(在答題紙上寫上完整算式)

4 7 9 = 2

14. If A is an 1-digit number, what is the value of A if the equation below is correct?
若 A 為 1 位數字,且下列算式正確,求 A 的值。

2 � A = 6 � 3

15. According to the following pattern, find the value of the next term.
根據以下的規律,求下一項的值。
10, 8, 6, 4, __

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Geometry
幾何

16. How many circles are there in the figure below?


請問下圖有多少個圓形?

Question 16
第 16 題

17. At least how many cubes are there in the figure below?
下圖最少由多少個立方體組成?

Question 17
第 17 題

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

18. How many sides are there in the polygon below?


下圖的多邊形有多少條邊?

Question 18
第 18 題

19. How many angles are there in the polygon below?


下圖的多邊形有多少隻角?

Question 19
第 19 題

20. According to the pattern shown below, what is the figure in the space provided?
依照下圖規律,橫線上的圖案應該是甚麼?
○ △ ○ △ ○ __ ○ △…
Question 20
第 20 題

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Combinatorics
組合數學

21. 6 candies are split into three equal groups, how many candies are there in each group?
把 6 粒糖果分成三等份,每份有多少粒糖果?

22. According to the following numbers, how many odd numbers are there?
求下列這些數中,有多少個奇數?﹝奇數即是單數﹞
1, 3, 4, 7, 11, 18, 29, 47, 76

23. According to the following numbers, how many even numbers are there?
求下列這些數中,有多少個偶數?﹝偶數即是雙數﹞
1, 4, 5, 9, 14, 23, 37, 60, 97

24. What is the smallest 3-digit number formed by 1, 2 and 3?


(Each number can only be used once)
利用 1、2、3 三個數字可組成的最小的三位數是多少?(每個數字只能用一次)

25. Peter has 2 $1 coin, 2 $2 coins and 1 $5 coin. Given the price of a souvenir is $3, how
many souvenir(s) at most he can buy?
彼得有 2 枚 1 元、2 枚 2 元和 1 枚 5 元硬幣。已知紀念品的價格是 3 元,他最多可以
買多少個紀念品?

~ 全卷完 ~
~ End of Paper ~

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Solutions
題解

Logical Thinking
邏輯思維

1. Jacob has three children, two of them are sons. How many daughter(s) does Jacob have?
積及有三個孩子,其中兩個是兒子,問積及共有多少個女兒?

解:1
Two of the children are sons, so Jacob should have only one daughter.
三名孩子當中兩名是兒子,所以積及只有一個女兒。

2. In the figure below, there are 2 balances. Which of ○、△、□ is the lightest?
下圖中有兩個天秤,問○、△、□哪個最輕?

Question 2
第2題

解:○ / circle / 圓形
V= 2d
2V= 4d =W
\d <V<W
Circle is lighter than triangle, and triangle is lighter than square.
圓形比三角形輕,而三角形比正方形輕。

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

3. According to the pattern shown below, what is the number in the box?
按以下規律,求在方格內的數字。
1

2 4

3 6 9

4 8 16

解:12
4 + 4 + 4 = 12

4. According to the pattern shown below, what is the number in the blank?
按以下規律,求在橫線上的數字。

1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 __ 、 2 、….

解:1
The pattern as follows / 規律如下:
1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、….

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

5. According to the following pattern, how many  are there in the fourth group?
根據以下的規律,問第 4 組有多少個 ?

   
 
 

1st Group 2nd Group 3rd Group 4th Group


第1組 第2組 第3組 第4組
Question 5
第5題

解:10
The fourth group should have 10 , as the diagram below:
第 4 組圖案應該是如下圖,有 10 個 。

   
  
 

Arithmetic
算術

6. Find the value of 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 .


求 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 的值。

解:10

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

7. Find the value of 15 - 7 - 5 .


求15 - 7 - 5 的值。

解:3
15 - 7 - 5
= 15 - 5 - 7
= 10 - 7
=3

8. If A is an 1-digit number, what is the value of A if the equation below is correct?


若 A 為 1 位數字,且以下算式正確,求 A 的值。
1 1 - A = 2
解:9
11 - 9 = 2

9. Find the value of 13 + 12 + 15 .


求13 + 12 + 15 的值。

解:40
13 + 12 + 15
= 10 + 10 + 10 + ( 3 + 2 + 5 )
= 10 + 10 + 10 + 10
= 40

10. If A is an 1-digit number, what is the value of A if the equation below is correct?
若 A 為 1 位數字,且以下算式正確,求 A 的值。
26 + A = 29
解:3
26 + 3 = 29

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Number Theory
數論

11. Amy has 8 apples and John has no apples. How many apples does Amy have to give John
to make them have the same number of apples?
艾美有 8 個蘋果,約翰沒有蘋果。要使兩人有相同數量的蘋果,艾美要給約翰多少
個蘋果?

解:4
8-4=0+4= 4
After Amy gives John 4 apples, they both have 4 apples.
艾美給了約翰 4 個蘋果後,二人皆有 4 個蘋果。

12. Fill the lines with ‘ + ‘ and ‘ – ‘ to make the equation below correct.
(Write down the complete equation in the answer sheet)
在橫線上填上加號或減號,使下列算式正確。
(在答題紙上寫上完整算式)

1 2 3 4 = 10
解:1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10

13. Fill the lines with ‘ + ‘ and ‘ – ‘ to make the equation below correct.
(Write down the complete equation in the answer sheet)
在橫線上填上加號或減號,使下列算式正確。
(在答題紙上寫上完整算式)

4 7 9 = 2
解: 4 + 7 - 9 = 2

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

14. If A is an 1-digit number, what is the value of A if the equation below is correct?
若 A 為 1 位數字,且下列算式正確,求 A 的值。

2 � A = 6 � 3

解:9
2 �9 = 6 �3 = 18

15. According to the following pattern, find the value of the next term.
根據以下的規律,求下一項的值。
10, 8, 6, 4, __
解:2
10,8,6,4,2...

Geometry
幾何

16. How many circles are there in the figure below?


請問下圖有多少個圓形?

Question 16
第 16 題

解:5
Overlapping circles do not form new circles, so there are only 5 circles.
重疊的圓形不構成新的圓形,所以只有 5 個圓形。

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

17. At least how many cubes are there in the figure below?
下圖最少由多少個立方體組成?

Question 17
第 17 題

解:7

18. How many sides are there in the polygon below?


下圖的多邊形有多少條邊?

Question 18
第 18 題

解:12

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

19. How many angles are there in the polygon below?


下圖的多邊形有多少隻角?

Question 19
第 19 題

解:10

20. According to the pattern shown below, what is the figure in the space provided?
依照下圖規律,橫線上的圖案應該是甚麼?
○ △ ○ △ ○ __ ○ △…
Question 20
第 20 題

解: △ / Triangle /三角形
The figures are following a pattern of ○ △ ○ …, the sixth figure should be △.
圖案規律為○ △ ○ …,第 6 個圖案應該是△。

Combinatorics
組合數學

21. 6 candies are split into three equal groups, how many candies are there in each group?
把 6 粒糖果分成三等份,每份有多少粒糖果?

解:2
2+2+2=6

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

22. According to the following numbers, how many odd numbers are there?
求下列這些數中,有多少個奇數?﹝奇數即是單數﹞
1, 3, 4, 7, 11, 18, 29, 47, 76
解:6
There are 6 odd numbers:1, 3, 7,11, 29, 47 .
有 6 個奇數:1, 3, 7,11, 29, 47 。

23. According to the following numbers, how many even numbers are there?
求下列這些數中,有多少個偶數?﹝偶數即是雙數﹞
1, 4, 5, 9, 14, 23, 37, 60, 97
解:3
There are 3 even numbers: 4,14,60 .
有 3 個偶數: 4,14,60 。

24. What is the smallest 3-digit number formed by 1, 2 and 3?


(Each number can only be used once)
利用 1、2、3 三個數字可組成的最小的三位數是多少?(每個數字只能用一次)

解:123
The minimum value can be attained by arranging the digits in ascending order, with 1 as
the first digit:123.
要使三位數的數值最小,把所有位值按遞增排序,且第一個位是 1 即可:123。

25. Peter has 2 $1 coin, 2 $2 coins and 1 $5 coin. Given the price of a souvenir is $3, how
many souvenir(s) at most he can buy?
彼得有 2 枚 1 元、2 枚 2 元和 1 枚 5 元硬幣。已知紀念品的價格是 3 元,他最多可以
買多少個紀念品?

解:3
Peter has 1 + 1 + 2 + 2 + 5 = 11 dollars. So he can buy 3 souvenirs at most.
彼得有1 + 1 + 2 + 2 + 5 = 11 元,所以他最多可以買 3 個紀念品。

~ 全卷完 ~
~ End of Paper ~

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

泰國國際數學競賽 2016
THAILAND INTERNATIONAL
MATHEMATICAL OLYMPIAD 2016

幼稚園組 答案
Kindergarten Group Answer Key

Question No Answer Question No Answer Question No Answer


題號 答案 題號 答案 題號 答案

1 1 11 4 21 2

○/
2 Circle / 12 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10 22 6
圓形
3 12 13 4+7-9= 2 23 3

4 1 14 9 24 123

5 10 15 2 25 3

6 10 16 5

7 3 17 7

8 9 18 12

9 40 19 10

△/
10 3 20 Triangle /
三角形

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
泰國國際數學競賽 2016 幼稚園組 試題集
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

請以最簡形式填寫答案,若計算結果是分數,請確保為真分數或帶分數,或將計算結果寫成小數。錯誤單位將不給予任何分數。
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.