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# Thailand International

## Mathematical Olympiad 2016

Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Instructions to Contestants:

1. 本卷包括 試題 乙份，試題紙不可取走。
Each contestant should have ONE Question-Answer Book which CANNOT be taken
away.
2. 本卷共 5 個範疇，每範疇有 5 題，共 25 題，每題 4 分，總分 100 分，答錯不扣分。
There are 5 exam areas and 5 questions in each exam area. There are a total of 25
questions in this Question-Answer Book. Each carries 4 marks. Total score is 100 marks.
No points are deducted for incorrect answers.
3. 請將答案寫在 答題紙 上。
All answers should be written on ANSWER SHEET.
4. 比賽期間，不得使用計算工具。
NO calculators can be used during the contest.
5. 本卷中所有圖形不一定依比例繪成。
All figures in the paper are not necessarily drawn to scale.
6. 比賽完畢時，本試題會被收回。
This Question-Answer Book will be collected at the end of the contest.

THIS Question-Answer Book CANNOT BE TAKEN AWAY.

DO NOT turn over this Question-Answer Book without approval of the examiner.
Otherwise, contestant may be DISQUALIFIED.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

## 填空題（第 1 至 25 題）（每題 4 分，答錯及空題不扣分）

Open-Ended Questions (1st ~25th) (4 points for correct answer, no penalty point for wrong

Logical Thinking

1. Jacob has three children, two of them are sons. How many daughter(s) does Jacob have?

2. In the figure below, there are 2 balances. Which of ○、△、□ is the lightest?

Question 2

3. According to the pattern shown below, what is the number in the box?

1

2 4

3 6 9

4 8 16

4. According to the pattern shown below, what is the number in the blank?

1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 __ 、 2 、….

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

5. According to the following pattern, how many  are there in the fourth group?

   
 
 

Question 5

Arithmetic

1 1 - A = 2

## 9. Find the value of 13 + 12 + 15 .

10. If A is an 1-digit number, what is the value of A if the equation below is correct?

26 + A = 29

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Number Theory

11. Amy has 8 apples and John has no apples. How many apples does Amy have to give John
to make them have the same number of apples?

12. Fill the lines with ‘ + ‘ and ‘ – ‘ to make the equation below correct.
(Write down the complete equation in the answer sheet)

（在答題紙上寫上完整算式）

1 2 3 4 = 10

13. Fill the lines with ‘ + ‘ and ‘ – ‘ to make the equation below correct.
(Write down the complete equation in the answer sheet)

（在答題紙上寫上完整算式）

4 7 9 = 2

14. If A is an 1-digit number, what is the value of A if the equation below is correct?

2 � A = 6 � 3

15. According to the following pattern, find the value of the next term.

10, 8, 6, 4, __

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Geometry

## 16. How many circles are there in the figure below?

Question 16

17. At least how many cubes are there in the figure below?

Question 17

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Question 18

## 19. How many angles are there in the polygon below?

Question 19

20. According to the pattern shown below, what is the figure in the space provided?

○ △ ○ △ ○ __ ○ △…
Question 20

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Combinatorics

21. 6 candies are split into three equal groups, how many candies are there in each group?

22. According to the following numbers, how many odd numbers are there?

1, 3, 4, 7, 11, 18, 29, 47, 76

23. According to the following numbers, how many even numbers are there?

1, 4, 5, 9, 14, 23, 37, 60, 97

## 24. What is the smallest 3-digit number formed by 1, 2 and 3?

(Each number can only be used once)

25. Peter has 2 \$1 coin, 2 \$2 coins and 1 \$5 coin. Given the price of a souvenir is \$3, how
many souvenir(s) at most he can buy?

~ 全卷完 ~
~ End of Paper ~

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Solutions

Logical Thinking

1. Jacob has three children, two of them are sons. How many daughter(s) does Jacob have?

Two of the children are sons, so Jacob should have only one daughter.

2. In the figure below, there are 2 balances. Which of ○、△、□ is the lightest?

Question 2

V= 2d
2V= 4d =W
\d <V<W
Circle is lighter than triangle, and triangle is lighter than square.

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

3. According to the pattern shown below, what is the number in the box?

1

2 4

3 6 9

4 8 16

4 + 4 + 4 = 12

4. According to the pattern shown below, what is the number in the blank?

1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 __ 、 2 、….

The pattern as follows / 規律如下：
1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、 3 、 2 、 1 、 2 、….

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

5. According to the following pattern, how many  are there in the fourth group?

   
 
 

## 1st Group 2nd Group 3rd Group 4th Group

Question 5

The fourth group should have 10 , as the diagram below:

   
  
 

Arithmetic

## 6. Find the value of 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 .

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

15 - 7 - 5
= 15 - 5 - 7
= 10 - 7
=3

1 1 - A = 2

11 - 9 = 2

## 9. Find the value of 13 + 12 + 15 .

13 + 12 + 15
= 10 + 10 + 10 + ( 3 + 2 + 5 )
= 10 + 10 + 10 + 10
= 40

10. If A is an 1-digit number, what is the value of A if the equation below is correct?

26 + A = 29

26 + 3 = 29

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Number Theory

11. Amy has 8 apples and John has no apples. How many apples does Amy have to give John
to make them have the same number of apples?

8-4=0+4= 4
After Amy gives John 4 apples, they both have 4 apples.

12. Fill the lines with ‘ + ‘ and ‘ – ‘ to make the equation below correct.
(Write down the complete equation in the answer sheet)

（在答題紙上寫上完整算式）

1 2 3 4 = 10

13. Fill the lines with ‘ + ‘ and ‘ – ‘ to make the equation below correct.
(Write down the complete equation in the answer sheet)

（在答題紙上寫上完整算式）

4 7 9 = 2

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

14. If A is an 1-digit number, what is the value of A if the equation below is correct?

2 � A = 6 � 3

2 �9 = 6 �3 = 18

15. According to the following pattern, find the value of the next term.

10, 8, 6, 4, __

10,8,6,4,2...

Geometry

## 16. How many circles are there in the figure below?

Question 16

Overlapping circles do not form new circles, so there are only 5 circles.

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

17. At least how many cubes are there in the figure below?

Question 17

## 18. How many sides are there in the polygon below?

Question 18

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

## 19. How many angles are there in the polygon below?

Question 19

20. According to the pattern shown below, what is the figure in the space provided?

○ △ ○ △ ○ __ ○ △…
Question 20

The figures are following a pattern of ○ △ ○ …, the sixth figure should be △.

Combinatorics

21. 6 candies are split into three equal groups, how many candies are there in each group?

2+2+2=6

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

22. According to the following numbers, how many odd numbers are there?

1, 3, 4, 7, 11, 18, 29, 47, 76

There are 6 odd numbers:1, 3, 7,11, 29, 47 .

23. According to the following numbers, how many even numbers are there?

1, 4, 5, 9, 14, 23, 37, 60, 97

There are 3 even numbers: 4,14,60 .

## 24. What is the smallest 3-digit number formed by 1, 2 and 3?

(Each number can only be used once)

The minimum value can be attained by arranging the digits in ascending order, with 1 as
the first digit:123.

25. Peter has 2 \$1 coin, 2 \$2 coins and 1 \$5 coin. Given the price of a souvenir is \$3, how
many souvenir(s) at most he can buy?

Peter has 1 + 1 + 2 + 2 + 5 = 11 dollars. So he can buy 3 souvenirs at most.

~ 全卷完 ~
~ End of Paper ~

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

THAILAND INTERNATIONAL

Kindergarten Group Answer Key

## Question No Answer Question No Answer Question No Answer

1 1 11 4 21 2

○/
2 Circle / 12 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 = 10 22 6

3 12 13 4+7-9= 2 23 3

4 1 14 9 24 123

5 10 15 2 25 3

6 10 16 5

7 3 17 7

8 9 18 12

9 40 19 10

△/
10 3 20 Triangle /

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad 2016 Kindergarten Group Past Paper Booklet

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.