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# Universidad San Francisco de Quito

Parcial 1

PRIMER PROBLEMA

1. Tabla

## Especies Energía de Gibbs

Zn 0

𝑍𝑛2+ -35.184

ZnO -76.88

(𝑍𝑛𝑂𝐻)+ -133.63

H2O -56.69

2. Ecuaciones y cálculos

𝒁𝒏𝟐+ + 𝟐𝒆 → 𝒁𝒏

∆𝐺 ° = ∆𝐺°𝑧𝑛 − ∆𝐺°𝑧𝑛2+

∆𝐺 ° = 0— (−35.184)

∆𝐺 ° = 35.184
35184
∆𝐺 ° = 2(23062)

∆𝐺 ° = −0.7628𝑉

0.0592
𝐸° = −0.7628 − ln 𝑄
2

0.0592
𝐸° = −0.7628 − ln 102
2

𝐸° = −0.822

𝒁𝒏 + 𝟐𝑯 → 𝒁𝒏 + 𝑯𝟐 𝑶

## ∆𝐺 ° = (∆𝐺°𝐻2𝑂 + ∆𝐺°𝑍𝑛2+ ) − (∆𝐺°𝑧𝑛𝑂 + ∆𝐺°𝐻 )

∆𝐺 ° = 0 + (−56.69) − (−76.88 − 0)

∆𝐺 ° = 22.19
2219
𝐸 ° = 2(23062)

𝐸 ° = −0.481

0.0592
𝐸 = 𝐸° − ln 𝑄
2

[𝑍𝑛][𝐻2 𝑂]
𝑄=
[𝑍𝑛𝑂][𝐻]2

0.0592
𝐸° = −0.481 − ln[𝐻]2
2

0.0592
𝐸° = −0.481 − (−2 ln[𝐻])
2

𝐸° = −0.481 + 0.0592𝑝𝐻

𝒁𝒏 + 𝑯𝟐 𝑶 → 𝒁𝒏(𝑶𝑯)+ + 𝑯

## ∆𝐺 ° = (∆𝐺°𝑍𝑛(𝑜ℎ) + ∆𝐺°ℎ ) − (∆𝐺°𝑧𝑛 + ∆𝐺°𝐻2𝑂 )

∆𝐺 ° = (−76.88 + 0) − (−59.69)

∆𝐺 ° = 22.06
2206
𝐸 ° = 2(23062)

𝐸 ° = −0.478

0.0592
𝐸 = 𝐸° − ln 𝑄
2

[𝐻][𝑍𝑁(𝑂𝐻)+ ]
𝑄=
[𝑍𝑛][𝐻2 𝑂]

0.0592
𝐸 = −0.478 − (ln 102 + log[𝐻])
2

0.0592
𝐸 = 𝐸° − 0.39956 − 𝑝𝐻
2

0.0592
𝐸 = −0.7844 − 𝑝𝐻
2

𝒁𝒏𝑶 + 𝟐𝑯 → 𝒁𝒏𝟐+ + 𝑯𝟐 𝑶

## ∆𝐺 ° = (−35.184 − 56.69) − (−76.88 + 0)

∆𝐺 ° = −12.994
−129994
𝐸 ° = 2(23062)

∆𝐺°
𝑒 =𝐾
𝑅𝑇

3.391𝐸9 = 𝐾

[𝐻2 𝑂][𝑍𝑛2+]
𝐾=
[𝑍𝑛𝑂][𝐻]2

102
𝐾=
[𝐻]2

102
[𝐻]2+ =
𝑘

102
[𝐻] = √
𝑘
[𝐻] = 1.71𝑥10−4

𝑝𝐻 = − log[𝐻] = 3.765

𝒁𝒏(𝑶𝑯) + 𝑯 → 𝒁𝒏𝟐+ + 𝑯𝟐 𝑶

## ∆𝐺 ° = (−35.184 − 56.69) − (−78.7 + 0)

∆𝐺 ° = −13.174 𝑘𝑐𝑎𝑙

−∆𝐺°
𝑒 =𝐾
𝑅𝑇

𝐾 = 4.597𝑥109

[𝐻2 𝑂][𝑍𝑛2+]
𝐾=
[𝑍𝑛𝑂][𝐻]

102
𝐾=
102 [𝐻]

1
𝐾=
[𝐻]

𝑝𝐻 = 9.66

𝒁𝒏(𝑶𝑯) + 𝑯 → 𝒁𝒏𝟐+ + 𝑯𝟐 𝑶

## ∆𝐺 ° = ∆𝐺°𝑧𝑛(𝑂𝐻)+ − (∆𝐺°𝑧𝑛𝑂+ + ∆𝐺°𝐻 )

∆𝐺 ° = −78.7 − (−76.88)

∆𝐺 ° = 1.82 𝑘𝑐𝑎𝑙

−∆𝐺°
𝑒 =𝐾
𝑅𝑇

𝐾 = 21.62

[𝑍𝑛(𝑂𝐻)+ ] 102
𝐾= =
[𝑍𝑛𝑂][𝐻] [𝐻]
102 102
𝐾= = [𝐻] = = 4.63𝑋10−4
[𝐻] 𝐾

𝑝𝐻 = −𝐿𝑜𝑔 [𝐻]

𝑝𝐻 = 6.30

𝑯𝟐 𝑶

𝐻2 𝑂 ⟷ 𝑂2

𝐻2 ⟷ 2𝐻

SEGUNDO PROBLEMA

1.- Tabla

## Tabla 1. Especies de la Ag y la energía libre de Gibbs estandas

Especies Energía de Gibbs

Ag 0

𝐴𝑔2+ 64.1

AgO 2.6

H2O -56.69

2.- Ecuaciones

Ag

Ag 2+ +2e ⟶ 𝐴𝑔

𝑨𝒈𝟐+

𝐴𝑔𝑂 + 2𝐻 ⟶ 𝐴𝑔+ + 𝐻2 𝑂

𝑨𝒈𝑶

𝐴𝑔𝑂 + 2𝐻 ⟶ 𝐴𝑔2+ + 𝐻2 𝑂

𝑯𝟐 𝑶

𝐻2 𝑂 ⟷ 𝑂2

𝐻2 ⟷ 2𝐻

3.- Calculo

Ag

∆𝐺 ° = ∆𝐺°𝑎𝑔 − ∆𝐺°𝑎𝑔2+

∆𝐺 ° = 0 − (64.1)

∆𝐺 ° = −64100
−64100
∆𝐺 ° = 2(23062)

∆𝐺 ° = −1.39

0.0592
𝐸° = −1.39 − ln 𝑄
2

𝐸° = −1.45

𝑨𝒈𝟐+

## ∆𝐺 ° = (∆𝐺°𝑎𝑔 + ∆𝐺°𝐻20 ) − ∆𝐺°𝐴𝑔𝑂

∆𝐺 ° = (−56.69 + 0) − (2.6)

∆𝐺 ° = −59.27

−(−59.27)
∆𝐺 ° =
2(23062)

∆𝐺 ° = 1.29

𝐸° = 1.29 + 0.0592𝑝𝐻

𝐸° = 2.1188

AgO

∆𝐺 ° = 4.83

−(4.830)
∆𝐺 ° =
2(23062)

∆𝐺 ° = 0.106

∆𝐺°
𝑒 =𝑄
𝑅𝑇

𝑄 = 1.0002

[𝐴𝑔2+ ][𝐻2 𝑂]
𝑄=
[𝐴𝑔𝑂][𝐻]2
102
𝑄=
[𝐻]2

[𝐻] = 0.9999

𝑝𝐻 = 0.9995

𝑝𝐻 = 1.00004