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Minoan and Mycenaean

Name: ___________________________________
The Minoans
 The earliest civilization in ________________
 Lived on the island of ________________
 Named by archaeologist after the mythical king of Crete “________________”
 Abundant ________________ wealth formed a foundation for civilization to develop
 The Minoans became excellent ________________ and sailors
 Evidence exists for people arriving to Crete about 7,000 BC –most likely from ________________ (modern-day Turkey)
 The arrival of ________________ to Crete about 3,200 BC marks the beginning of the Early Minoan period (3,000-2,100
 Famous for:
o Extensive ________________ links across the sea
o Well-planned ________________
o Beautiful ________________ and artifacts
o A tradition of “________________”

Linear A
 Developed a form of ________________ that we call “Linear A” which we have not yet been able to translate
 Most likely evolved from writing borrowed from cultures they traded with such as the Egyptians and the ________________
The Phaistos Disk
o Discovered at the palace of Phaistos on Crete
o A ________________ to archaeologists
o Made of clay with symbols on both sides, each symbol has been pressed into clay with a ________________
o Dated to 1850-1350 BC and could be the earliest form of ________________ type
The Minoans
 Life was characterized by highly ________________ urban settlements dominated by splendid palaces
 ________________ was the most famous and most opulent Minoan palace
 The palaces were the most impressive buildings constructed by the Minoans filled with beautiful art works and
Women in Minoan Religion
 Played an ________________ role to men
 Participated in al occupations and trades including ________________
 ________________ “bull-leapers” are depicted alongside the men
 Evidence to suggest that Minoan society might have been “________________”
Mythology and Religion
 All Minoan gods were ________________
 Most popular was the “________________”
 The ________________ image was widespread being linked to King Minos by the Greeks
 The Greek Myth of the ________________ would become linked to Knossos and the bull
Decline of Minoan Civilization
 A series of earthquakes and volcano eruptions in the Aegean region including the massive eruption of
________________ would have impacted Minoan civilization
 Many ________________ may have been lost effecting trade across the Eastern Mediterranean
 Minoan civilization continued for another ________________ years
 1490 BC: all the palaces except Knossos were ________________ again
 Most likely a result of invading ________________ warriors who had arrived from mainland Greece
 Civilization developed on ________________ Greece
 3000-2300 BC a culture now called the Early Helladic people prospered with the introduction of ________________
 ________________ BC invasion began that affected the entire Mediterranean world though who these people were is unclear
 2000 BC is known as the Middle Helladic period and the decedents of these people are known as the Mycenaeans and spoke
an early form of ________________
 Mainland Greece did not ________________ as quickly as the Minoans on Crete after the upheaval of the 3rd millennium BC
 1680-1060 BC: powerful chieftains arose in the villages of Greece who would in time become ________________
 Historians called this new culture the ________________
 The principle city was ________________
 The state was well-defined, ruled by kings living in palaces with writing systems in place and ________________ controlled by
Linear B
 The Mycenaeans developed a ________________ system known today as “Linear B”
 ________________ by the Minoan’s “Linear A,” it is the earliest written form of Greek
 Unlike “Linear A”, we have been able to ________________ “Linear B”
 Mycenaean rulers acted as feudal lords governing their cities from ________________ palaces
 War was ________________ between cities
 Mycenae was the most ________________ city-state
 According to legend, King Agamemnon united much of Greece and led the Greeks against the Trojans in the
 In reality the Trojan War was most likely a ________________ or trade dispute
Legends and Myths
 It was during this era that Greeks in later ages believed ________________ such as Achilles, Heracles, and Perseus had lived
 Spartans and Athenians fighting at battles such as ________________ and Thermopylae hundreds of years later would take
their inspiration from these legends
 This era would be known as part of the Greek ________________
Collapse of Mycenaean Civilization
 The Mycenaean civilization collapsed even more quickly than the Minoans between 1250-1200 BC along with many other
civilizations during the collapse of the ________________
 Scholars are unsure why this happened but suspect”
o Natural catastrophes
o Foreign attacks
o Internal strife
 Palaces fell into disuse and life devolved back to a ________________ form of farming and herding
 All that remained was impressive ruins and a deep seated ________________ of the past
The Greek Dark Ages
 1100-800 BC
 No ________________ exist from this period
 Greek-speaking peoples ________________ around Greece establishing new villages and towns
 Traveling ________________ would tell stories about the glorious past which included tales of ________________
 The Iliad and the Odyssey were developed during this period before finally being written down by ________________