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PERFIL DE PRESION

t
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
15,00

10,00

5,00
D P [Pi - Pwf]

TEMA

0,00 DRAWDOWN TEST

DESARROLLADO POR
5,00
FIDEL V. CHUCHUCA AGUILAR

10,00
DIRIGIDO POR

15,00Ing. GABRIEL COLMONT MONCAYO

Pozo 1 Pozo 2 Pozo 3 Pozo 4 Pozo 5 POZO REAL


Guayaquil, 24 de Marzo de 2008
2. ESTIMATE FORMATION PERMEABILITY AND SKIN FACTOR FROM THE
DRAW-DOWN TEST DATA GIVEN THE FOLLOWING FORMATION AND
FLUIDS PROPERTIES: q = 90 STB/D; pi = 2140 psia; h = 5 ft;  = 21.7%;
rw = 0.49 ft;  = 1.091 RB/STB; ct = 7.8 x 10-6 psi-1; and  = 2.44 cp.

DRAWDOWN TEST DATA


Time Pressure Time Pressure
(minutes) (psi) (minutes) (psi)
15 538.8 195 411.6
30 499.2 210 408.3
45 479.1 225 405.2
60 465.4 240 402.4
75 455.0 255 399.7
90 446.6 270 397.1
105 439.6 285 394.7
120 433.5 300 392.4
135 428.1 315 390.3
150 423.4 330 388.2
165 419.1 345 386.2
180 415.2 360 384.3

SOLUCION
Pasamos el tiempo a horas

DRAWDOWN TEST DATA


Time Pressure Time Pressure
(hours) (psi) (hours) (psi)
0.25 538.8 3.25 411.6
0.50 499.2 3.50 408.3
0.75 479.1 3.75 405.2
1.00 465.4 4.00 402.4
1.25 455.0 4.25 399.7
1.50 446.6 4.50 397.1
1.75 439.6 4.75 394.7
2.00 433.5 5.00 392.4
2.25 428.1 5.25 390.3
2.50 423.4 5.50 388.2
2.75 419.1 5.75 386.2
3.00 415.2 6.00 384.3

Graficamos la presión vs. el tiempo en escalas semilog, y hallamos la


pendiente de la recta que pasa por el mayor número de puntos.

Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar


PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
Pressure Bottom Hole vs. Time
600

550
Pwf [psi] h

500
m = -108,5047
450

400

350

300
0,1 1 10
t [hrs]
Gráfico 2.1
Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar
PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
Hallamos la permeabilidad (k)

K = 162.6*(q**)/(m*h) = 162.6*(90*1.091*2.44)/(108.5047*5)

K = 71.8057 md

Hallamos el factor de piel (S)

S = 1.151*{[(pi – p1h)/m] – log[k/(**ct*rw2)] + 3.23}

S = 1.151*{[(2140 – 467)/108.5047] – log[71.8057/(0.217*2.44*7.8 x 10-6*0.492)] +


3.23}

S = 12.418

Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar


PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
4. ESTIMATE FORMATION PERMEABILITY AND SKIN FACTOR FROM THE
DRAW-DOWN TEST DATA GIVEN THE FOLLOWING FORMATION AND
FLUIDS PROPERTIES: q = 17 STB/D; pi = 788.5 psia; h = 37 ft;  = 16.5%;
rw = 0.24 ft;  = 1.046 RB/STB; ct = 6.7 x 10-6 psi-1; and  = 13.7 cp.

DRAWDOWN TEST DATA


Time Pressure Time Pressure
(hours) (psi) (hours) (psi)
1.00 291.1 18.5 248.3
2.10 279.8 21.4 246.3
3.31 273.0 24.5 244.4
4.64 268.1 28.0 242.5
6.11 264.2 31.8 240.7
7.72 260.8 35.9 239.0
9.49 257.9 40.5 237.3
11.4 255.2 45.6 235.6
13.6 252.8 48.0 234.9
15.9 250.5

SOLUCIÓN

Realizamos la gráfica de presión vs. tiempo en escalas semilog (Gráfica


4.1) y extraemos la pendiente de la recta que pasa por el mayor número de
puntos.

Del gráfico 4.1 obtenemos m = 33.1687

Hallamos la permeabilidad (k)

K = 162.6*(q**)/(m*h) = 162.6*(17*1.046*13.7)/(33.1687*37)

K = 32.2769 md

Hallamos el factor de piel (S)

S = 1.151*{[(pi – p1h)/m] – log[k/(**ct*rw2)] + 3.23}

S = 1.151*{[(788.5–291)/33.1687] –log[32.2769/(0.165*13.7*6.7x10-6*0.242)]
+ 3.23}

S = 12.271

Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar


PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
Pressure Bottom Hole vs. Time
300
290
280
270
Pwf [psi] j

m = - 33,1687
260
250
240
230
220
210
200
0,1 1 10 100
t [hrs]
Gráfico 4.1
Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar
PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
6. ESTIMATE FORMATION PERMEABILITY AND SKIN FACTOR FROM THE
DRAW-DOWN TEST DATA GIVEN THE FOLLOWING FORMATION AND
FLUIDS PROPERTIES: q = 1200 STB/D; pi = 4474.4 psia; h = 26 ft;
 = 21.6%; rw = 0.22 ft;  = 1.52 RB/STB; ct = 16.6 x 10-6 psi-1; and  = 0.29
cp. WHERE DO YOU DRAW THE STRAIGHT LINE

DRAWDOWN TEST DATA


Time Pressure Time Pressure Time Pressure
(hours) (psi) (hours) (psi) (hours) (psia)
0.010 4449.3 0.592 3447.8 6.82 2340.6
0.022 4419.7 0.720 3310.4 8.19 2319.5
0.036 4384.8 0.874 3171.5 9.84 2299.8
0.054 4343.9 1.06 3035.0 11.8 2281.1
0.074 4296.2 1.28 2905.3 14.2 2263.1
0.099 4240.7 1.55 2786.8 17.0 2245.6
0.129 4176.7 1.87 2682.6 20.5 2228.5
0.165 4103.1 2.25 2595.0 24.6 2211.7
0.208 4019.5 2.71 2524.0 29.5 2195.1
0.260 3925.2 3.26 2468.4 35.4 2178.7
0.322 3820.2 3.92 2425.3 42.5 2162.5
0.396 3704.9 4.72 2391.6 48.0 2151.8
0.485 3580.1 5.67 2364.1

SOLUCIÓN

Realizamos la gráfica de presión vs. tiempo en escalas semilog (Gráfica


6.1) y extraemos la pendiente de la recta que pasa por el mayor número de
puntos.

Del gráfico 6.1 obtenemos m = 225

Hallamos la permeabilidad (k)

K = 162.6*(q**)/(m*h) = 162.6*(1200*1.52*0.29)/(225*26)

K = 14.7024 md

Hallamos el factor de piel (S)

S = 1.151*{[(pi – p1h)/m] – log[k/(**ct*rw2)] + 3.23}

S = 1.151*{[(4474.4–2550)/225] –log[14.7024/(0.216*0.29*16.6x10-6*0.222)]
+ 3.23}

S = 3.8182

Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar


PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
Del gráfico 6.1 obtenemos m = 1575

Hallamos la permeabilidad (k)

K = 162.6*(q**)/(m*h) = 162.6*(1200*1.52*0.29)/(1575*26)

K = 2.1003 md

Hallamos el factor de piel (S)

S = 1.151*{[(pi – p1h)/m] – log[k/(**ct*rw2)] + 3.23}

S = 1.151*{[(4474.4–3075)/1575] –log[2.1003/(0.216*0.29*16.6x10-6*0.222)]
+ 3.23}

S = - 4.0308

Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar


PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
Pressure Bottom Hole vs. Time
4700

4500

4300

4100

3900

3700
m = - 1575
Pwf [psi]

3500

3300

3100

2900 m = - 225

2700

2500

2300

2100

0,01 0,1 1 10 100


t [hrs]
Gráfico 6.1
Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar
PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
8. ESTIMATE FORMATION PERMEABILITY AND SKIN FACTOR FROM THE
DRAW-DOWN TEST DATA GIVEN THE FOLLOWING FORMATION AND
FLUIDS PROPERTIES: pi = 2782.78 psia; pwf = 1800 psia; h = 19 ft;
 = 7.5%; rw = 0.37 ft;  = 1.166 RB/STB; ct = 12.1 x 10-6 psi-1; and
 = 2.999 cp. NOTE THAT FLOWING BOTTOMHOLE PRESSURE IS
CONSTANT.

DRAWDOWN TEST DATA


Time Rate Time Rate Time Rate
(hours) (STB/D) (hours) (STB/D) (hours) (STB/D)
6 70.0 144 40.2 384 36.0
12 56.9 168 39.5 408 35.8
18 53.2 192 38.9 432 35.6
24 50.9 216 38.4 456 35.4
36 48.0 240 38.0 480 35.2
48 46.1 264 37.6 528 34.9
60 44.8 288 37.2 576 34.5
72 43.8 312 36.9 624 34.3
96 42.2 336 36.6 672 34.0
120 41.1 360 36.3 720 33.7

SOLUCIÓN

Realizamos la gráfica de (pi – pwf)/q vs. tiempo en escalas semilog (Gráfica


8.1) y extraemos la pendiente de la recta que pasa por el mayor número de
puntos.

DRAWDOWN TEST DATA


Time (pi – pwf)/q Time (pi – pwf)/q Time (pi – pwf)/q
(hours) [psi/(STB/D)] (hours) [psi/(STB/D)] (hours) [psi/(STB/D)]
6 70.0 144 40.2 384 36.0
12 56.9 168 39.5 408 35.8
18 53.2 192 38.9 432 35.6
24 50.9 216 38.4 456 35.4
36 48.0 240 38.0 480 35.2
48 46.1 264 37.6 528 34.9
60 44.8 288 37.2 576 34.5
72 43.8 312 36.9 624 34.3
96 42.2 336 36.6 672 34.0
120 41.1 360 36.3 720 33.7

Del gráfico 8.1 obtenemos m = 6.8267

Hallamos la permeabilidad (k)

K = 162.6*(*)/(m*h) = 162.6*(1.166*2.999)/(6.8267*19)

Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar


PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
K = 4.3836 md

Hallamos el factor de piel (S)

S = 1.151*{[(pi – pwf)/q]1h/m – log[k/(**ct*rw2)] + 3.23}

S = 1.151*{[(9.6)]/6.8267 –log[4.3836/(0.075*2.999*12.1x10-6*0.372)] + 3.23}

S = - 2.8019

Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar


PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
(Pi - Pwf)/q vs. Time
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
(Pi - Pwf)/q [psi/STB-D]

23
22
21
20
19 m = 6,8267
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
1 10 t [hrs] 100 1000

Gráfico 8.1
Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar
PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
10. A WELL IS PRODUCED AT 50 STB/D FOR 72 hrs. THE RATE IS THEN
DECREASED TO 25 STB/D FOR 24 hrs. ESTIMATE FORMATION
PERMEABILITY, SKIN FACTOR AND INITIAL PRESSURE FROM THE
TWO-RATE TEST DATA GIVEN THE FOLLOWING FORMATION AND
FLUIDS PROPERTIES: q1 = 50 STB/D; tp1 = 72 hrs; q2 = 25 STB/D;
pwf1 =1142.24 psi; h = 43 ft;  = 8.2%; rw = 0.45 ft;  = 1.143 RB/STB;
ct = 10.5 x 10-6 psi-1; and  = 2.44 cp.

DRAWDOWN TEST DATA


Time Pressure Time Pressure Time Pressure
(hours) (psi) (hours) (psi) (hours) (psi)
0.109 1354.12 0.719 1400.01 5.923 1414.25
0.149 1371.25 0.872 1401.46 7.170 1415.34
0.201 1382.65 1.057 1402.87 7.887 1415.87
0.245 1387.69 1.552 1405.61 9.546 1416.90
0.299 1391.29 2.070 1407.58 10.502 1417.39
0.401 1395.01 3.035 1410.12 15.502 1419.25
0.488 1396.87 4.043 1411.94 19.502 1420.20
0.592 1398.50 5.384 1413.68 24.000 1420.96

SOLUCIÓN

Realizamos la gráfica de pwf vs. Una función de tiempo (log[(tp1 + Dt´)/Dt´] +


(q2/q1)*log(Dt´)) escalas cartesianas (Gráfica 10.1) y extraemos la pendiente de
la recta que pasa por el mayor número de puntos.

DRAWDOWN TEST DATA


log[(tp1 + Pwf log[(tp1 + Pwf log[(tp1 + Pwf
Dt´)/Dt´] + (psi) Dt´)/Dt´] + (psi) Dt´)/Dt´] + (psi)
(q2/q1)*log(Dt´) (q2/q1)*log(Dt´) (q2/q1)*log(Dt´)

0.109 1354.12 0.719 1400.01 5.923 1414.25


0.149 1371.25 0.872 1401.46 7.170 1415.34
0.201 1382.65 1.057 1402.87 7.887 1415.87
0.245 1387.69 1.552 1405.61 9.546 1416.90
0.299 1391.29 2.070 1407.58 10.502 1417.39
0.401 1395.01 3.035 1410.12 15.502 1419.25
0.488 1396.87 4.043 1411.94 19.502 1420.20
0.592 1398.50 5.384 1413.68 24.000 1420.96

Del gráfico 10.1 obtenemos m = 31.6667

Hallamos la permeabilidad (k)

K = 162.6*(q1**)/(m*h) = 162.6*(50*1.143*1.278)/(31.6667*43)
Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar
PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
K = 8.7216 md

Hallamos el factor de piel (S)

S = 1.151*{[q1/(q1 – q2)]*[p1h – pwf1)/m] – log[k/(**ct*rw2)] + 3.23}

S = 1.151*{[50/(50 – 25)]*[1402.8 – 1142.24)/31.6667] – log[8.7216/(0.082


*1.278*10.5 x 10-6*0.452)] + 3.23}
S = - 13.9199

Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar


PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
Pwf vs. log[(tp1 + Dt´)/Dt´] + (q2/q1)*log(Dt´)
1435

1425

1415

1405

1395
BHP

1385

1375

1365

1355

1345
1 1,2 1,4 1,6 1,8 2 2,2 2,4 2,6
Time Plotting Function
Gráfico 10.1
Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar
PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
12. A DRAWDOWN TEST IS RUN ON AN OIL WELL AT A SERIES OF
THREE DIFFERENT RATES, WITH EACH FLOW PERIOD LASTING 4
HOURS. GIVEN THE FOLLOWING FORMATION AND FLUIDS
PROPERTIES, ESTIMATE FORMATION PERMEABILITY AND SKIN
FACTOR FROM THE TEST DATA USING THE MULTIRATE ANAYSIS
METHOD: q1 = 250 STB/D; q2 = 225 STB/D; q3 = 200 STB/D; pi = 2003.80
psi; h = 33 ft;  = 29.5%; rw = 0.2 ft;  = 1.181 RB/STB; ct = 12.0 x 10-6 psi-1;
AND  = 1.661 cp

DRAWDOWN TEST DATA


Time Pressure Time Pressure Time Pressure
(hours) (psi) (hours) (psi) (hours) (psi)
0.5 1810.32 4.5 1779.35 8.5 1789.21
1.0 1794.41 5.0 1778.54 9.0 1789.74
1.5 1785.12 5.5 1777.29 9.5 1789.65
2.0 1778.54 6.0 1775.96 10.0 1789.34
2.5 1773.44 6.5 1774.64 10.5 1788.91
3.0 1769.27 7.0 1773.37 11.0 1788.44
3.5 1765.75 7.5 1772.15 11.5 1787.93
4.0 1762.70 8.0 1770.98 12.0 1787.41

SOLUCIÓN

q – q
n

Realizamos una gráfica de [(pi – pwf)/qn] vs. j j-1)/qn] log(tn – tj-1)]}


j=1

en escalas cartesianas (Gráfico 12.1) y extraemos la pendiente de la recta


que pasa por el mayor número de puntos

Time Pressure Rate (Pi - Pwf)/q S{[(qj - qj-1)/qn]log(tn-tj-1)}


(hours) (psi) (STB/D)
0,5 1810,32 250 0,77392 -0,301029996
1 1794,41 250 0,83756 0
1,5 1785,12 250 0,87472 0,176091259
2 1778,54 250 0,90104 0,301029996
2,5 1773,44 250 0,92144 0,397940009
3 1769,27 250 0,93812 0,477121255
3,5 1765,75 250 0,9522 0,544068044
4 1762,7 250 0,9644 0,602059991
4,5 1779,35 225 0,99755556 0,759239459
5 1778,54 225 1,00115556 0,776633338
5,5 1777,29 225 1,00671111 0,803059515
6 1775,96 225 1,01262222 0,831164723
6,5 1774,64 225 1,01848889 0,859021506
7 1773,37 225 1,02413333 0,885984349
7,5 1772,15 225 1,02955556 0,911838288
Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar
PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
8 1770,98 225 1,03475556 0,936537764
8,5 1789,21 200 1,07295 1,117750842
9 1789,74 200 1,0703 1,105431886
9,5 1789,65 200 1,07075 1,107597763
10 1789,34 200 1,0723 1,115102344
10,5 1788,91 200 1,07445 1,125129953
11 1788,44 200 1,0768 1,136463445
11,5 1787,93 200 1,07935 1,148481137
12 1787,41 200 1,08195 1,16083281

Del Gráfico 12.1 obtenemos m = 0.2106

Hallamos la permeabilidad (k)

K = 162.6*(*)/(m*h) = 162.6*(1.181*3.371)/(0.2106*33)

K = 93.1444 md

Hallamos el factor de piel (S)

S = 1.151*{[(pi – pwf)/qn]0/m – log[k/(**ct*rw2)] + 3.23}

S = 1.151*{[0.83756]/0.2106 – log[93.1444/(0.295*1.661*12.0x10-6*0.22)] +
3.23}

S = - 1.6007

Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar


PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)
(Pi - Pw f)/q vs. {[(qj - qj-1)/qn]*log(tn - tj-1)}
1,2

1,1

1
m = 0,2106
0,9

0,8

0,7

0,6
-0,4 -0,2 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 1,4
Gráfico 12.1

Fidel Vladimir Chuchuca Aguilar


PRUEBAS DE POZOS (FICT – 01966)

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