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DOSEN : IR. JELUDDIN DAUD, M.ENG.

ANALISA STRUKTUR II
TUGAS II

ELISABET LITA YOLANDA LIMBONG


14 0404 076

DEPARTEMEN TEKNIK SIPIL


FAKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVERSITAS SUMATERA UTARA
2017
Soal Nomor 1

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣV=0
VA - P = 0
VA - 1 = 0
VA = 1 kN

ΣH=0
HA = 0

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
MC = 0
MBC = (-P)(3) = (-1)(3) = (-3) kNm
MBA = MBC = (-3) kNm
MA = MBA = (-3) kNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DC = (-P) = (-1) kN
DBC = DC = (-1) Kn
DBA = 0
DA = 0

V. Normal
NBC = 0
NBA = (-P) = (-1) kN

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Soal Nomor 2

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣV=0
VA - P1 = 0
VA - 4 = 0
VA = 4 kN

ΣH=0
HA - P2 = 0
HA - 3 = 0
HA = 3 kN

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
MC = 0
MBC = (-P1)(2) = (-4)(2) = (-8) kNm
MBA = MBC = (-8) kNm
MA = (-P1)(2) + (P2)(3) = (-4)(2) + (3)(3) = 1
kNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DC = (-P1) = (-4) kN
DBC = DC = (-4) kN
DBA = P2 = 3 kN
DA = HA = 3 kN

V. Normal
NBC = (-P2) = (-3) kN
NBA = (-P1) = (-4) kN

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Soal Nomor 3

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣV=0
VA - P1 = 0
VA - 2 = 0
VA = 2 KN

ΣH=0
HA = 0

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
MD = 0
MCD = (-P1)(1) = (-2)(1) = (-2) KNm
MBC = (-P1)(3) + (P1)(2) = (-2)(3) + (1)(2) = (-4)
KNm
MBA = MBC = (-4) KNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DD = (-P1) = (-2) KN
DC = DD + P2 = (-2) + 1 = (-1) KN
DB = DC = (-1) KN
DBA = 0

V. Normal
NDC = NCB = 0
NBA = (-P1) + (P2) = (-2) + (1) = (-1) KN

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Soal Nomor 4

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣV=0
VA - P1 = 0
VA - 2 = 0
VA = 2 KN

ΣH=0
HA - P2 = 0
HA - 1 = 0
HA = 1 KN

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
MC = 0
MBC = (-P1)(2) = (-2)(2) = (-4) kNm
MBA = MBC = (-4) kNm
MA = (-P1)(2) + (P2)(3) = (-2)(2) + (1)(3) = 1
kNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DC = (-P1) = (-2) KN
DBC = DC = (-2) KN
DBA = P2 = 1 KN
DA = DBA = 1 KN

V. Normal
NBC = P2 = 1 KN
NBA = (-P1) = (-2) KN

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Soal Nomor 5

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣV=0
VA - P1 = 0
VA - 2 = 0
VA = 2 KN

ΣH
HA+ P2 = 0
HA + 1 = 0
HA = (-1) KN

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
ME = 0
MD = 0
MCD = (-P1)(2) = (-2)(2) = (-4) KNm
MCB = MCD = (-4) KNm
MB = MCB = (-4) KNm
MA = (-P1)(2) - (P2)(1,5)
= (-2)(2) - (1)(1,5) = (-5,5) KNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DE = 0
DD = (-P1) = (-2) KN
DCD = DD = (-2) KN
DCB = 0
DB = (-P2) = (-1) KN
DA = DB = (-1) KN

V. Normal
NCE = (-P2) = (-1) KN
NCA = (-P1) = (-2) KN

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Soal Nomor 6

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣV=0
VA - (q)(L) = 0
VA - (2)(1) = 0
VA = 2 kN

ΣH=0
HA = 0

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
MD = 0
MC = (-q)(1)(0,5) = (-2)(1)(0,5) = (-1) kNm
MBC = (-q)(1)(0,5+1) = (-2)(1)(1,5) = (-3) kNm
MBA = MBC = (-3) kNm
MA = MBA = (-3) kNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DD = 0
DCD = (q)(1) = (2)(1) = (2) KN
DCB = DCD = (2) KN
DBA = 0
DA = 0

V. Normal
NCD = NBC = 0
NBA = (-VA) = (-2) Kn

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Soal Nomor 7

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣV=0
VA = 0

ΣH=0
HA - P1 + P2 = 0
HA - 2 + 1 = 0
HA = 1 KN

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
MC = 0
MBC = (P2)(2) = (1)(2) = 2 kNm
MBA = MBC = 2 kNm
MA = MBA = 2 kNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DC = P2 = 2 KN
DB = DC = 2 KN
DA = 0

V. Normal
NCB = 0
NBA = (-HA) = (-1) Kn

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Soal Nomor 8

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣV = 0
VA - (P)(sinα) = 0
VA - (2)(0.8) = 0
VA = 1,6 KN

ΣH = 0
HA - (P)(cosα) = 0
HA - (2)(0,6) = 0
HA = 1.2 KN

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
MC= 0
MBC = -(P)(sinα)(3) = (-2)(0.8)(3) = -4.8 KNm
MBA = -(P)(sinα)(3) + (P)(cosα)(4)
= (-2)(0.8)(3)+ 2 (0.6)(4) = 0 KNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DC = (-P)(sinα) = (-2)(0.8) = (-1,6) KN
DBC = DC = (-1,6) KN
DBA = (-P)(cosα) = (-2)(0,6) = (-1,2) KN
DA = DBA= (-1,2) KN

V. Normal
NCB = (-P)(Cosα) = (-2)(0,6) = (-1,2) KN
NAB = (-P)(sinα) = (-2)(0,8) = (-1.6) KN

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Soal Nomor 9

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣV = 0
VA - (q)(2) + P = 0
VA - (2)(2) + (2) = 0
VA = 2 KN

ΣH = 0
HA = 0

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
MB = 0
MD = 0
MCB = (-q)(2)(1) = (-2)(2) = -4 kNm
MCD = (-P)(1) = (-2)(1) = (-2) kNm
MCA = (-q)(2)(1) + (P)(1) = (-2)(2) + (2)(1) = (-
2) kNm
MA = MCA = (-2)kNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DD = (-P) = (-2) KN
DC = DD = (-2) KN
DB = 0
DCB = (-q)(2) = (-2)(2) = (-4) KN
DCA = 0
DA = 0

V. Normal
NAC = (-VA) = (-6) KN
NCB = 0
NCD = 0

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Soal Nomor 10

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ƩV = 0
VA - P1 = 0
VA - 2 = 0
VA = 2 KN

ƩH = 0
HA - P2 = 0
HA - 1 = 0
HA = 1 KN

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
MA = (P2)(4) - (P1)(3) = (1)(4) - (2)(3) = (-2) KNm
MB = 0
MC = 0

IV. Gaya Lintang


DBA = (-P1)(cos α) = (-2)(3/5) = (-1,2) KN
DBC = 0

V. Normal

NCB = (-P2) = (-1) KN


NAB = (-P1)(sin α) = (-2)(4/5) = (-1,6) KN

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Soal Nomor 11

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ƩMA = 0
(-VB)(7) + (q)(4)(5) = 0
(-VB)(7) +(1)(20) = 0
VB = 2,857 KN

ƩMB = 0
(VA)(7) - (q)(4)(2) = 0
(VA)(7) - (1)(8) = 0
VA = 1,142 KN

II. KONTROL
ƩV = 0
VA + VB = (q)(4)
1,142 + 2,857 = (1)(4)
4 = 4 (OK)

ƩH = 0
HA = 0

III. Sistem Gaya

IV. Momen
MA = 0
MB = 0
MC = 0
MDA = (VA)(3) = (1,142)(3) = 3,426 KNm
MDB = MDA = 3,426 KNm
MDC = 0
Mx = (VB)(x) - (0.5)(q)(x²) = (2,857)(x) -
(0,5)(1)(x²)
Mx' = 2,857 - x
x = 2,857 m
Mmax = (2,857)(2,857) - (0,5)(2,857²) = (4,082)
KNm

V. Gaya Lintang
DAD = (VA)(cos α) = (1,142)(4/5) = 0,9136 KN
DD = (VA) = 1,142 KN
DB = (VA) - (q)(4) = (1,142) - (1)(4) = (-2,857) KN

VI. Normal
NAD = (-VA)(sin α) = (-1,142)(3/5) = (-0,6852) KN

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Soal Nomor 12

I. Reaksi Tumpuan

P = 2 KN
cos 30 = 0,866
cos 45 = 0,707
cos 60 = 0,5
sin 30 = 0,5
sin 45 = 0,707
sin 60 = 0,866

ƩV = 0
VA = 0 KN

ƩHA = 0
HA - P = 0
HA - 2 = 0
HA = 2 KN

MA = (P)(4) = 8 KNm

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
MA = (p)(4) = 8 KNm
MD = 0 KNm
MB = 0 KNm
MC = - (P)(2) = -4 KNm
M1 = - (P)(2)(sin 30) = -2 KNm
M2 = - (P)(2)(sin 45) = -2,828 KNm
M3 = - (P)(2)(sin 60) = -3,464 KNm
M4 = - (P)(2)(sin 60) = -3,464 KNm
M5 = - (P)(2)(sin 45) = -2,828 KNm
M6 = - (P)(2)(sin 30) = -2 KNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DD = - (P) = -2 KN
D1 = - (P)(cos 30) = -1,732 KN
D2 = - (P)(cos 45) = -1,414 KN
D3 = - (P)(cos 60) = -1 KN
DC = - (P)(cos 90) = 0 KN
D4 = (P)(cos 60) = 1 KN
D5 = (P)(cos 45) = 1,414 KN
D6 = (P)(cos 30) = 1,732 KN
DB = (P) = 2 KN
DA = DB = 2 KN

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V. Normal
NAB = 0 KN
N1 = - (P)(sin 30) = -1 KN
N2 = - (P)(sin 45) = -1,414 KN
N3 = - (P)(sin 60) = -1,732 KN
NC = - (P)(sin 90) = -2 KN
N4 = - (P)(sin 60) = -1,732 KN
N5 = - (P)(sin 45) = -1,414 KN
N6 = - (P)(sin 30) = -1 KN
NAB = 0 KN

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Soal Nomor 13

I. Reaksi Tumpuan

P = 2 KN
cos 30 = 0,866
cos 45 = 0,707
cos 60 = 0,5
sin 30 = 0,5
sin 45 = 0,707
sin 60 = 0,866

ƩVA = 0
VA = P = 2 KN

ƩHA = 0
HA = 0 KN

Ma = (P)(4) = 8 KNm

II. Sistem Gaya

III. Momen
Ma = (P)(4) = 8 KNm
Md = 0 KNm
Mb = 0 KNm
Mc = - (P)(2) = -4 KNm
M1 = - (P)(2)(sin 30) = -2 KNm
M2 = - (P)(2)(sin 45) = -2,828 KNm
M3 = - (P)(2)(sin 60) = -3,464 KNm
M4 = - (P)(2)(sin 60) = -3,464 KNm
M5 = - (P)(2)(sin 45) = -2,828 KNm
M6 = - (P)(2)(sin 30) = -2 KNm

IV. Gaya Lintang


DD = - (P) = -2 KN
D1 = - (P)(cos 30) = -1,732 KN
D2 = - (P)(cos 45) = -1,414 KN
D3 = - (P)(cos 60) = -1 KN
DC = - (P)(cos 90) = 0 KN
D4 = (P)(cos 60) = 1 KN
D5 = (P)(cos 45) = 1,414 KN
D6 = (P)(cos 30) = 1,732 KN
DB = (P) = 2 KN
DA = DB = 2 KN

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V. Normal
NAB = 0 KN
N1 = - (P)(sin 30) = -1 KN
N2 = - (P)(sin 45) = -1,414 KN
N3 = - (P)(sin 60) = -1,732 KN
NC = - (P)(sin 90) = -2 KN
N4 = - (P)(sin 60) = -1,732 KN
N5 = - (P)(sin 45) = -1,414 KN
N6 = - (P)(sin 30) = -1 KN
NAB = 0 KN

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Soal Nomor 14

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣMA = 0
(P)(4) + (q)(2)(1+8) - (VB)(8) = 0
(1)(4) + (1)(2)(9) - (VB)(8) = 0
VB = 2.75KN

ΣMB = 0
(VA)(8) - (P)(4) + (q)(2)(1) = 0
(VA)(8) - (1)(4) + (1)(2) = 0
VA = 0.25KN

II. KONTROL
ΣV = 0
VA + VB = P + (q)(2)
0,25 + 2,75 = 1 + (1)(2)
3 = 3 (OK)

ƩH = 0
HA = 0

III. Sistem Gaya

IV. Momen
MC = 0
ME = 0
MBE = (-q)(2)(1) = (-1)(2) = (-2) KNm
MDB = (VB)(4) - (q)(2)(5) = (2,75)(4) - (1)(10) = 1
KNm
MDA = (VB)(8) - (q)(2)(8+1) - (P)(4) = (2,75)(8) -
(1)(2)(9) - (1)(4) = 0 KNm

V. Gaya Lintang
DE = 0
DBE = (-q)(2) = (-1)(2) = (-2) KN
DBD = DBE + VB = -2 + 2,75 = 0,75 KN
DD = DBD - P = 0,75 - 1 = (-0,25) KN
DA = DD = (-0,25) KN

VI. Normal
NCA = 0
NAD = 0
NBD = 0
NBE = 0

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Soal Nomor 15

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
ΣMA = 0
(q1)(3)(1,5+7) + (P)(4) + (q2)(2)(1) - (VB)(10) = 0
(1)(3)(1.5+7) + (1)(4) + (2)(2) - (VB)(10) = 0
VB = 3,35 KN

ΣMB = 0
(VA)(10) - (q2)(2)(1+8) - (P)(6) - (q1)(3)(1,5) = 0
(VA)(10) - (2)(2)(9) - (1)(6) - (1)(4,5) = 0
VA = 4,65 KN

II. KONTROL
ΣV = 0
VA + VB = P + (q1)(3) + (q2)(2)
4,65 + 3,35 = 1 + (1)(3) + (2)(2)
8 = 8

ƩH = 0
HA = 0

III. Sistem Gaya

IV. Momen
MA = 0
MB = 0
(VA)(2) - (q2)(2)(1) = (4,65)(2) -
MC = (2)(2) = 5,3 KNm
(VA)(4) - (q2)(2)(1+2) = (4,65)(4) -
MD = (2)(2)(3) = 6,6 KNm
(VB)(3) - (q1)(3)(1,5) = (3,35)(3) -
ME = (1)(4,5) = 5,55 KNm

V. Gaya Lintang
DB = VB = (-3,35) KN
DDE = DB - (q1)(3) = -3,35 + (1)(3) = (-0,35) KN
DCD = DDE + P = 0,35 + 1 = (0,65) KN
DA = DC + (q2)(2) = (0,65) + (2)(2) = (4,65) KN

VI. Normal
NAC = 0
NCD = 0
NDE = 0
NEB = 0

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Soal Nomor 16
p = 2 KN
q1 = 1 KN/m
q2 = 2 KN/m

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
Ʃ Ma = 0
(Ra)(9) - (2)(10) - (1)(2)(8) - (2)(4)(2) = 0
(Ra)(9) - (20) - (16) - (16) = 0
Ra = 5.778 KN

Ʃ Mb = 0
(Rb)(9) + (2)(1) - (1)(2)(1) - (2)(4)(7) = 0
(Rb)(9) + (2) - (2) - (56) = 0
Rb = 6.222 KN

II. KONTROL
ƩV=0
Ra + Rb - p - (q1)(2) - (q2)(4) = 0
5.778 + 6.222 - 2 - 2 - 8 = 0
0 = 0 (okee)

ƩH=0
Ha = 0

III. Sistem Gaya

IV. Momen
Mb = Mc = 0
Ma = -(p)(1) = -2 KNm
Md = -(p)(3) + (Ra)(2) - (q1)(2)(1) = 3.556 KNm
Me = (Rb)(4) - (0.5)(q2)(4)(4) = 8.888 KNm
Mx = (Rb)(x) – (0,5)(q2)(x)(x)
x = 3,11
Mx = (6,222)(3,11) – (0,5)(2)(3,11)(3,11) = 9,616
KNm

V. Gaya Lintang
Dca = -p = -2 KN
Da = -p + Ra = 3.778 KN
Dda = Da - (q1)(2) = 1.778 KN
Ded = Dda = 1.778 KN
Dbe = Ded - (q2)(4) = -6.222 KN

VI. Normal
Ha = 0

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Soal Nomor 17
p1 = 2 KN
p2 = 3 KN
α = 30

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
Ʃ Ma = 0
(Rb)(10) - (p1)(5) - (p2)(sin 30)(7) = 0
(Rb)(10) - (10) - (10.5) = 0
Rb = 2.05 KN

Ʃ Mb = 0
(Ra)(10) - (p1)(5) - (p2)(sin 30)(3) = 0
(Rb)(10) - (10) - (4.5) = 0
Rb = 1.45 KN

ƩV=0
Ra + Rb - (p1) - (p2)(sin 30) = 0
2.05 + 1.45 - 2 - 1.5 = 0
0 = 0 (okee)

ƩH=0
Ha = (p2)(cos 30) = 2.673 KN

III. Sistem Gaya

IV. Momen
Ma = Mb = 0
Mc = (Ra)(5) = 7.25 KNm
Md = (Rb)(3) = 6.15 KNm

V. Gaya Lintang
Da = Ra = 1.45 KN
Dc = Da - p1 = -0.55 KN
Dd = Dc - (p2)(sin 30) = -2.05 KN

VI. Normal
Nad = -(p2)(cos 30) = -2.673 KN

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Soal Nomor 18

21
Soal Nomor 19

22
Soal Nomor 20

23
Soal Nomor 21

I. Reaksi Tumpuan
∑H = 0
P1+ RaH = 0
RaH = -1 T

∑MB = 0
3
10Ra+ P1.2 + q.3.( + 10) + P2.8 + RaH.4 = 0
2
10Ra- 1.2 - 1.3.(11,5) + 2.8 + 1.4 = 0
48,5
Ra = = 4,85 T
10

∑MA = 0
3
10Rb+ P1.2 + q.3.(2) + P2.2 - RaH.0 = 0
10Rb+ 1.2 + 1.3.(1,5) + 2.2 - 0 = 0
1,5
Rb = = 0,15 T
10

II. Kontrol
∑V = 0
Ra + Rb -q1.3 - P1 -P1 = 0
0,15 + 4,85 –1.3 -2= 0 (OK)

III. Sistem Gaya

IV. Momen
MA =0
MC = RaH. 2 = 1.2 = 2 Tm
MDA = RaH. 4 – P1.2 = 1.4 – 1.2 = 2 Tm
3 3
MDE = -q1.3.(2) = 1.3.(2) = - 4,5 Tm
MDB = MDA + MDE = 2 – 4,5 = -2,5 Tm
MF = MDB + Ra2. 2 = -2,5 + 1,85.2 = 1,2 Tm
MB =0

V. Lintang
DA= RaH = 1
DC = RaH – P1= 1 – 1 = 0
DD = Ra2= RaV – q.3 = 4,85 – 3 = 1,85
DF = Ra2- P2= RaV – q.3 - P2 = 4,85 – 3 – 2 = - 0,15
DB = Ra2- P2+ Rb = RaV – q.3 - P2 + Rb
= 4,85 – 3 – 2 + 0,15 = 0

VI. Normal
NAD= - ( RaV )= - 4,85 Ton ( TEKAN )

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