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Electricity Problem Sheet

1. How can you use a 50 W lamp of 100 V rating with a dc supply of 220 V?
Calculate the value of the component required. How much power will be wasted
in this component? [ 240Ω; 60 W ]

2. A battery of 4.2 V emf and negligible internal resistance is connected in series


with an ammeter and two resistors R1 and R2 each of resistance 3000 Ω.
Calculate the potential difference across R 1.
A voltmeter of resistance 2000 Ω is connected across R 1 .What are the readings
on the ammeter and voltmeter? [ 2.1 V; 1 mA; 1.2 V ]

3. Three wires of the same material and length but of areas of cross-section in the
ratio 1 : 2 : 3 are connected to a dc source of emf V first in series and then in
parallel. Compare the heat generated in the two cases. [ 1 : 11 ]

4. A cell of emf, E = 24 V has an internal resistance of r = 2 Ω. The external circuit


contains a resistance of R = 6 Ω.
i. Draw a circuit diagram.
ii. Calculate the current in the circuit.
iii. Calculate the potential difference across R.
iv. What is the cell’s terminal potential difference?
v. Calculate the lost volts.
vi. What is the power dissipated by the resistance R?
vii. What power does the cell dissipate?
viii. What is the efficiency of the cell?
ix. If R were doubled, how (if at all) would the efficiency be affected?
x. If R were halved, how (if at all) would the efficiency be affected?

[ 3A; 18V; 18V; 6V; 54W; 18W; 75%; 86%; 60% ]

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5. Two cells of EMF 2.0 V and 1.5 V and each of internal resistance 2.0 Ω are
connected to a 4 Ω resistance as shown in the diagram. Find the currents I 1 and
I2 through the cells. [ I1 = 0.3 A, I2 = 0.05 A ]

6. Two coils of 500 W, 230 V each are used to make an electric oven. What will be
the wattage of the oven if the coils are connected i] in series, ii] in parallel?
[ 250 W; 1000 W ]

7. Three equal resistors are connected in series. When a certain potential


difference is applied across the combination, the total power dissipated is 10 W.
What power would be dissipated if the three resistors had been in parallel across
the same potential difference? [ 90 W ]

8. You are given an electric lamp marked 60 W, 240 V. How many dry cells, each of
emf 1.5 V and internal resistance 1 Ω would be required to light the lamp at its
required power? [ 192 ]

9. An ammeter of 2 Ω resistance and a resistance of 100 Ω are connected in series


to a cell of emf 3.4 V and internal resistance 3Ω. A voltmeter is connected across
the 100 Ω resistance. The ammeter now gives a reading of 0.04 A. Find the
reading of the voltmeter and its resistance. Had the voltmeter been an ideal one,
what would have been its reading? [ 3.2 V; 400Ω; 3.24 V ]

10. Two identical cells, when connected in series, send a current of 0.25 A through a
resistor of 8Ω. When connected in parallel, a current of 0.16 A flows in the same
resistor. Find the emf and the internal resistance of each cell. [ 1.41 V; 1.6Ω]

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11. Calculate the three currents indicated in the circuit shown:
[ I1 = 0.848 A, I2 = 2.14 A, I3 = 0.171 A ]

12.

(a) Determine the equivalent resistance of the circuit.


(b) Calculate the current measured by ammeter A1.
(c) Calculate the resistance of the unknown resistor, R.

13. In which circuit would the ammeter in series with the battery show the greatest
current?