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Posted: 06 Jun 2010 11:31 PM PDT July 2010 Nursing Board Exam Review Questions on Fundamentals of Nursing. Mark the letter of your choice then click on the next button. Your score will be posted as soon as the you are done with the quiz. We will be posting more if this soon. If you want a simulated Nursing Board Exam, get a copy of our Nursing Board Exam Reviewer v1.0 and v2 now. 1. Jake is complaining of shortness of breath. The nurse assesses his respiratory rate to be 30 breaths per minute and documents that Jake is tachypneic. The nurse understands that tachypnea means:
a. Pulse rate greater than 100 beats per minute b. Blood pressure of 140/90 c. Respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths per minute d. Frequent bowel sounds
The nurse listens to Mrs. Sullen’s lungs and notes a hissing sound or musical sound. The nurse
documents this as:
a. Wheezes b. Rhonchi c. Gurgles d. Vesicular
The nurse in charge measures a patient’s temperature at 101 degrees F. What is the equivalent
a. 36.3 degrees C b. 37.95 degrees C c. 40.03 degrees C d. 38.01 degrees C
Which approach to problem solving tests any number of solutions until one is found that works for
that particular problem?
evaluating c.” d. Heart rate of 68 beats per minute b. “The patient will feel less nauseated in 24 hours. Nursing care plan d. diagnosing. planning b. assessing.a. “I feel pain when urinating. diagnosing. Diagnosing. Noisy breathing 8. What is an example of a subjective data? a. Scientific method d. planning. Assessing. implementing.” 2 . Nursing history b. Client verbalized. assessing. diagnosing. planning. which of the following is the outcome? a. Intuition b. Nursing notes c. What is the order of the nursing process? a. Assessing. Yellowish sputum c. implementing. Trial and error 5. evaluating. implementing 6. evaluating. Which expected outcome is correctly written? a. evaluating d. implementing. Planning. During the planning phase of the nursing process. Routine c. Nursing diagnosis 7.
Formulating a nursing diagnosis is a joint function of: a.R 10. Rapid communication 11. She signs her charting as follow: J. “The patient will have enough sleep. “The patient will eat the right amount of food daily. “The patient will identify all the high-salt food from a prepared list by discharge. Imogene King d.” c. The theorist who believes that adaptation and manipulation of stressors are related to foster change is: a. She noted: appetite is good this afternoon. 2 pencil. Dorothea Orem b.” d.” 9. Accuracy b. Which of the following behaviors by Nurse Jane Robles demonstrates that she understands well th elements of effecting charting? a. c. She signs on the medication sheet after administering the medication. d.b. Concern for privacy d. Patient and relatives b. Virginia Henderson 12. b. She writes in the chart using a no. Sister Callista Roy c. Nurse and patient 3 . Legibility c. What is the disadvantage of computerized documentation of the nursing process? a.
c. Aspirate urine from the tubing port using a sterile syringe. Which of the following is an expected response? a. Stop the infusion b. b. Use sterile gloves when obtaining urine. Health belief d. This practice is viewed as: a. Mrs. Open the drainage bag and pour out the urine. The nurse notices that the venipuncture site is red and swollen. Nurse and doctor 13. Adreno-cortical response is activated. to control her blood pressure. Which of the following interventions would the nurse perform first? a. Decreased urine output 15. 16. she had maintained low sodium. Disconnect the catheter from the tubing and get urine. Call the attending physician 4 . What nursing action is appropriate when obtaining a sterile urine specimen from an indwelling catheter to prevent infection? a. Superstitious belief 14. Becky is on NPO since midnight as preparation for blood test. Cultural belief b. low fat diet. Doctor and family d. Caperlac has been diagnosed to have hypertension since 10 years ago. Low blood pressure b. Since then. Personal belief c. d. dry skin c. Warm. Decreased serum sodium levels d. c. A client is receiving 115 ml/hr of continuous IVF.
A female patient is being discharged after thyroidectomy. Which of the following is inappropriate nursing action when administering NGT feeding? a. c. d. d. b. After providing the medication teaching. Manager b. Patient advocate d. Instruct the patient to take the medication and leave it at the bedside. Wait for the patient to return to bed and just leave the medication at the bedside. After few minutes. Assist the patient in fowler’s position. Place a clod towel on the site 17. b. The nurse enters the room to give a prescribed medication but the patient is inside the bathroom. Place the feeding 20 inches above the pint if insertion of NGT. return to that patient’s room and do not leave until the patient takes the medication. The nurse is performing which professional role? a. Which data would be of greatest concern to the nurse when completing the nursing assessment of a 68-year-old woman hospitalized due to Pneumonia? a. Caregiver c. c. The nurse asks the patient to repeat the instructions. Introduce the feeding slowly. 19. Oriented to date. Instill 60ml of water into the NGT after feeding. Clear breath sounds 5 . 18. What should the nurse do? a. Educator 20. Leave the medication at the bedside and leave the room. time and place b. Slow that infusion to 20 ml/hr d.c.
“The patient will give a stool specimen for laboratory examinations. b.” d. Incorporation of both nursing and medical diagnoses in patient care 24. it would be important for the nurse relinquishing responsibility for care of the patient to communicate. Ineffective breathing pattern related to pain. “My headache is gone. as evidenced by shortness of breath. “The patient will save urine for inspection by the nurse. Risk of injury related to autoimmune dysfunction 6 .c. which of the following nursing diagnoses has the highest priority? a. Patient’s NGT was removed 2 hours ago d. Patient’s family came for a visit this morning. 22. Capillary refill greater than 3 seconds and buccal cyanosis d.” b. as evidenced by insomnia. Making of individualized patient care d. Expansion of the current taxonomy of nursing diagnosis c. Which statement is the most appropriate goal for a nursing diagnosis of diarrhea? a. Anxiety related to impending surgery. 23. Which of the following is the most important purpose of planning care with this patient? a. Using Maslow’s hierarchy of basic human needs. That the patient verbalized. That the patient’s barium enema performed 3 days ago was negative c.” c. Which of the following facts to the nurse assuming responsibility for care of the patient? a. Hemoglobin of 13 g/dl 21. During a change-of-shift report. c. “The patient will experience decreased frequency of bowel elimination. b. “The patient will take anti-diarrheal medication.” b. Development of a standardized NCP.
0 degree NURSING BOARD REVIEW: FUNDAMENTALS OF NURSING PRACTICE TEST PART 2 July 2010 Nursing Board Exam Review Questions on Fundamentals of Nursing. Mark the letter of your choice then click on the next button.d. Which of the following nursing assessment is considered abnormal? a. Palpable ulnar pulse c. the patient should be in a supine position with the head of the bed at what position? a. 30 degrees b. get a copy of our Nursing Board Exam Reviewer v1. 90 degrees c. Impaired verbal communication related to tracheostomy. We will be posting more of this soon. 25. as evidenced by inability to speak. When performing an abdominal examination. A patient is wearing a soft wrist-safety device. 45 degrees d. Capillary refill within 3 seconds 7 . If you want a simulated Nursing Board Exam. Your score will be posted as soon as the you are done with the quiz. 1. Palpable radial pulse b.0 and v2 now.
Diabetes Mellitus c. Which of the following food items does the nurse instruct Pia to avoid? a.d. cool and pale fingers 2. tomatoes 3. objective data from a primary source c. Which of the following is a nursing diagnosis? a. subjective data from a primary source d. His mom stated. Hypethermia b. subjective data from a secondary source 4. asystematic 8 . Angina d. stagnant b. broccoli b. sardines c. Bluish fingernails. What is the characteristic of the nursing process? a. Pia’s serum sodium level is 150 mEq/L. cabbage d. inflexible c.” This statement is an example of: a. 3 years old vomited. Chronic Renal Failure 5. Jason. objective data from a secondary source b. “He vomited 6 ounces of his formula this morning.
Discourage the client in expressing her emotions. Which of the following is appropriate nursing intervention for a client who is grieving over the death of her child? a. In an adult. d. livor mortis b. 8. c. b. a. Provide opportunity to the client to tell their story. During application of medication into the ear. 9. papule b. b. vesicle c. c. Tell her not to cry and it will be better. pull the pinna upward. Warm the medication at room or body temperature. It is the gradual decrease of the body’s temperature after death. macule 7. goal-oriented 6. none of the above 9 . Press the tragus of the ear a few times to assist flow of medication into the ear canal. Instill the medication directly into the tympanic membrane. d. algor mortis d. Encourage her to accept or to replace the lost person. rigor mortis c. which of the following is inappropriate nursing action? a.d. less than 1 cm in size is called: a. bulla d. A skin lesion which is fluid-filled.
intestine d. Patient has no interest on learning d. 4th CN (Trochlear) d. When performing an admission assessment on a newly admitted patient. 2nd CN (Optic) b. liver c. The nurse knows that resonance heard on percussion is most commonly heard over which organ? a. Nurse Cherry is teaching a 72 year old patient about a newly prescribed medication. 7th CN (Facial) 12. The nurse is aware that Bell’s palsy affects which cranial nerve? a. thigh b. scurvy b. Prolonged deficiency of Vitamin B9 leads to: a. 3rd CN (Occulomotor) c. the nurse percusses resonance. pellagra c. lung 11.10. Decreased sensory functions c. pernicious anemia 13. Decreased plasma drug levels 10 . What could cause a geriatric patient to have difficulty retaining knowledge about the newly prescribed medication? a. megaloblastic anemia d. Absence of family support b.
Change of heart rate from 70 to 83 beats per minute. Dependent c. unrelated steps.14. “I feel less nauseated. Claire is admitted with a diagnosis of chronic shoulder pain. By definition. which type of nursing intervention is the nurse performing? a. Collaborative d. 3 months b. Which of the following statements regarding the nursing process is true? a. Patient stated. b. d. Which of the following is considered significant enough to require immediate communication to another member of the health care team? a. 11 . Professional 15. It focuses on the patient. Weight loss of 3 lbs in a 120 lb female patient. c. b. the nurse understands that the patient has had pain for more than: a. Independent b. 9 months d. not the nurse.” d. It provides the solution to all patient health problems. It is useful on outpatient settings. 17. Diminished breath sounds in patient with previously normal breath sounds c. 6 months c. When assessing a patient’s level of consciousness. It progresses in separate. 1 year 16.
which of the following assessment parameters is best used? a. d. teacher c. Cold the formula before administering it. d. talker b. What kind of role does the nurse assume? a. When providing a continuous enteral feeding. 21. Prolonged gasping inspiration followed by a very short. which of the following action is essential for the nurse to do? a. b. usually inefficient expiration. Place the client on the left side of the bed. Marked rhythmic waxing and waning of respirations from very deep to very shallow breathing and temporary apnea. c. The nurse is doing a patient teaching with Mr. regularity of meal times c. Elevate the head of the bed. 12 . To assess the adequacy of food intake. Fajardo. Van Fajardo is a 55 year old who was admitted to the hospital with newly diagnosed hepatitis. 3-day diet recall d. doer 20. Shallow breaths interrupted by apnea. Kussmaul’s breathing is. c. thinker d. Attach the feeding bag to the current tubing. b. food preferences b.18. eating style and habits 19. a. Increased rate and depth of respiration.
Secondary c. bargaining c. Presty has terminal cancer and she refuses to believe that loss is happening ans she assumes artificial cheerfulness. What stage of grieving is she in? a. denial d. Patient stated. Which organ is part of the endocrine system? a. Sinus c. Tertiary d. “My arms still hurt. Thymus NURSING BOARD REVIEW: FUNDAMENTALS OF NURSING PRACTICE TEST PART 3 13 . Productive cough d. The nurse is assessing the endocrine system. Heart b. Curative 24. Temperature of 38 0C b.” 25.22. Vomiting for 3 days c. depression b. Thyroid d. Which is an example of a subjective data? a. Immunization for healthy babies and preschool children is an example of what level of preventive health care? a. acceptance 23. Primary b.
Which of the following planes divides the body longitudinally into anterior and posterior regions? Frontal plane Sagittal plane Midsagittal plane Transverse plane 6. What could cause a geriatric patient to have difficulty retaining knowledge about prescribed medications? a. Sensory deficits c. Decreased plasma drug levels b. Which of the following should the nurse document as subjective data? Vital signs Laboratory test result Patient’s description of pain Electrocardiographic (ECG) waveforms 4. The nurse is assessing a postoperative adult patient. History of Tourette syndrome 2. pale fingers Pink nail beds 5. When examining a patient with abdominal pain the nurse in charge should assess: Any quadrant first The symptomatic quadrant first The symptomatic quadrant last The symptomatic quadrant either second or third 3. Nurse Brenda is teaching a patient about a newly prescribed drug. Which assessment finding should the nurse consider abnormal? A palpable radial pulse A palpable ulnar pulse Cool.1. Lack of family support d. A male patient has a soft wrist-safety device. Indicators of denial include: Shock dismay Numbness Stoicism 14 . A female patient with a terminal illness is in denial.
The nurse in charge is transferring a patient from the bed to a chair. When administering drug therapy to a male geriatric patient. Writing out the instructions and having a family member read them to the patient Demonstrating the procedure and having the patient return the demonstration 9. the nurse on the evening shift finds an unlabeled. which nursing action would best help this patient understand wound care instruction? Asking frequently if the patient understands the instruction Asking an interpreter to replay the instructions to the patient. during discharge preparation. A female patient is being discharged after cataract surgery. A female patient who speaks a little English has emergency gallbladder surgery. the nurse asks the patient to repeat the instructions. Which factor makes geriatric patients to adverse drug effects? Faster drug clearance Aging-related physiological changes Increased amount of neurons Enhanced blood flow to the GI tract 11. A female patient exhibits signs of heightened anxiety. After providing medication teaching. Which action does the nurse take during this patient transfer? Position the head of the bed flat Helps the patient dangle the legs Stands behind the patient Places the chair facing away from the bed 8. filled syringe in the patient’s medication drawer. The nurse is performing which professional role? Manager Educator Caregiver Patient advocate 12.Preparatory grief 7. What should the nurse in charge do? Discard the syringe to avoid a medication error Obtain a label for the syringe from the pharmacy Use the syringe because it looks like it contains the same medication the nurse was prepared to give Call the day nurse to verify the contents of the syringe 10. Which response by the nurse is most likely to reduce the patient’s anxiety? 15 . Before administering the evening dose of a prescribed medication. the nurse must stay especially alert for adverse effects.
the physician is most likely to order which laboratory test? Red blood cell count Sputum culture Total hemoglobin 16 . The nurse should anticipate giving how much heparin for each dose? ¼ ml ½ ml ¾ ml 1 ¼ ml 16. to be administered subcutaneously every 6 hours. A scrub nurse in the operating room has which responsibility? Positioning the patient Assisting with gowning and gloving Handling surgical instruments to the surgeon Applying surgical drapes 14. and then leave the medication at the bedside 15.” “Why don’t you listen to the radio?” “Let’s talk about what’s bothering you. what is the equivalent Centigrade temperature? 39 degrees C 47 degrees C 38. To evaluate a patient for hypoxia.9 degrees C 40. And then leave it at the bedside Return shortly to the patient’s room and remain there until the patient takes the medication Wait for the patient to return to bed. The nurse in charge measures a patient’s temperature at 102 degrees F. 7.“Everything will be fine. The vial reads 10.500 units.” “Read this manual and then ask me any questions you may have.” 13.000 units per millilitre. The physician orders heparin. A patient is in the bathroom when the nurse enters to give a prescribed medication. What should the nurse in charge do? Leave the medication at the patient’s bedside Tell the patient to be sure to take the medication. Don’t worry.1 degrees C 17.
The best way to instill eye drops is to: Instruct the patient to lock upward. now?” Give simple directions shortly before the I. During discharge teaching.V.V.V. the nurse should: Ask the child. Which human element considered by the nurse in charge during assessment can affect drug administration? The patient’s ability to recover The patient’s occupational hazards The patient’s socioeconomic status The patient’s cognitive abilities 21. When explaining the initiation of I. the nurse should explain that the patient must fill this prescription how soon after the date on which it was written? Within 1 month Within 3 months Within 6 months Within 12 months 20. The nurse uses a stethoscope to auscultate a male patient’s chest. All of the following parts of the syringe are sterile except the: Barrel Inside of the plunger Needle tip Barrel tip 23. A male patient is to be discharged with a prescription for an analgesic that is a controlled substance.Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis 18. “This treatment is for your own good” Inform the child that the needle will be in place for 10 days 22. Which statement about a stethoscope with a bell and diaphragm is true? The bell detects high-pitched sounds best The diaphragm detects high-pitched sounds best The bell detects thrills best The diaphragm detects low-pitched sounds best 19. therapy to a 2-year-old child. “Do you want me to start the I. therapy is to start Tell the child. and drop the medication into the center of the lower lid 17 .
and drop the medication into the center of the lower lid Drop the medication into the inner canthus regardless of eye position Drop the medication into the center of the canthus regardless of eye position 24. A patient receiving an anticoagulant should be assessed for signs of: Hypotension Hypertension An elevated hemoglobin count An increased number of erythrocytes 18 .Instruct the patient to look ahead. The difference between an 18G needle and a 25G needle is the needle’s: Length Bevel angle Thickness Sharpness 25.