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Posted: 06 Jun 2010 11:31 PM PDT July 2010 Nursing Board Exam Review Questions on Fundamentals of Nursing. Mark the letter of your choice then click on the next button. Your score will be posted as soon as the you are done with the quiz. We will be posting more if this soon. If you want a simulated Nursing Board Exam, get a copy of our Nursing Board Exam Reviewer v1.0 and v2 now. 1. Jake is complaining of shortness of breath. The nurse assesses his respiratory rate to be 30 breaths per minute and documents that Jake is tachypneic. The nurse understands that tachypnea means:
a. Pulse rate greater than 100 beats per minute b. Blood pressure of 140/90 c. Respiratory rate greater than 20 breaths per minute d. Frequent bowel sounds
The nurse listens to Mrs. Sullen’s lungs and notes a hissing sound or musical sound. The nurse
documents this as:
a. Wheezes b. Rhonchi c. Gurgles d. Vesicular
The nurse in charge measures a patient’s temperature at 101 degrees F. What is the equivalent
a. 36.3 degrees C b. 37.95 degrees C c. 40.03 degrees C d. 38.01 degrees C
Which approach to problem solving tests any number of solutions until one is found that works for
that particular problem?
diagnosing. evaluating. Which expected outcome is correctly written? a.” 2 . planning. Nursing history b. diagnosing. Nursing care plan d. Trial and error 5. implementing. Diagnosing. What is the order of the nursing process? a. implementing. planning b.” d. Nursing notes c. “The patient will feel less nauseated in 24 hours. evaluating c. assessing. Client verbalized. Nursing diagnosis 7. evaluating. evaluating d. Planning. During the planning phase of the nursing process. Routine c. Yellowish sputum c. assessing. planning. Assessing. What is an example of a subjective data? a. Heart rate of 68 beats per minute b. “I feel pain when urinating.a. which of the following is the outcome? a. Noisy breathing 8. implementing. Assessing. Scientific method d. implementing 6. diagnosing. Intuition b.
R 10. Imogene King d. Which of the following behaviors by Nurse Jane Robles demonstrates that she understands well th elements of effecting charting? a.” d. She signs her charting as follow: J. Formulating a nursing diagnosis is a joint function of: a. Virginia Henderson 12.” 9. Nurse and patient 3 . “The patient will identify all the high-salt food from a prepared list by discharge. “The patient will eat the right amount of food daily. Accuracy b. Patient and relatives b. 2 pencil. Rapid communication 11. Dorothea Orem b. Concern for privacy d. c. She noted: appetite is good this afternoon. She writes in the chart using a no. She signs on the medication sheet after administering the medication. Legibility c. What is the disadvantage of computerized documentation of the nursing process? a. Sister Callista Roy c. d. b. The theorist who believes that adaptation and manipulation of stressors are related to foster change is: a.” c.b. “The patient will have enough sleep.
Cultural belief b. d. Nurse and doctor 13. Adreno-cortical response is activated. Personal belief c. Open the drainage bag and pour out the urine. Health belief d. to control her blood pressure. Low blood pressure b. Warm. Decreased serum sodium levels d. Stop the infusion b.c. What nursing action is appropriate when obtaining a sterile urine specimen from an indwelling catheter to prevent infection? a. Call the attending physician 4 . Caperlac has been diagnosed to have hypertension since 10 years ago. A client is receiving 115 ml/hr of continuous IVF. dry skin c. Decreased urine output 15. Aspirate urine from the tubing port using a sterile syringe. c. Disconnect the catheter from the tubing and get urine. Use sterile gloves when obtaining urine. Doctor and family d. Becky is on NPO since midnight as preparation for blood test. Which of the following is an expected response? a. This practice is viewed as: a. Mrs. low fat diet. Which of the following interventions would the nurse perform first? a. 16. Superstitious belief 14. Since then. b. she had maintained low sodium. The nurse notices that the venipuncture site is red and swollen.
Instruct the patient to take the medication and leave it at the bedside. Which of the following is inappropriate nursing action when administering NGT feeding? a. d. The nurse asks the patient to repeat the instructions. 19. After providing the medication teaching. time and place b. After few minutes. Educator 20. Which data would be of greatest concern to the nurse when completing the nursing assessment of a 68-year-old woman hospitalized due to Pneumonia? a. c. b. Caregiver c. Place the feeding 20 inches above the pint if insertion of NGT. 18.c. Clear breath sounds 5 . Assist the patient in fowler’s position. b. Oriented to date. Place a clod towel on the site 17. The nurse is performing which professional role? a. A female patient is being discharged after thyroidectomy. d. return to that patient’s room and do not leave until the patient takes the medication. The nurse enters the room to give a prescribed medication but the patient is inside the bathroom. Wait for the patient to return to bed and just leave the medication at the bedside. Leave the medication at the bedside and leave the room. What should the nurse do? a. Manager b. Slow that infusion to 20 ml/hr d. c. Introduce the feeding slowly. Instill 60ml of water into the NGT after feeding. Patient advocate d.
Patient’s NGT was removed 2 hours ago d. Patient’s family came for a visit this morning. b. it would be important for the nurse relinquishing responsibility for care of the patient to communicate. That the patient’s barium enema performed 3 days ago was negative c. b. Ineffective breathing pattern related to pain. During a change-of-shift report.” b. 22. Anxiety related to impending surgery. Hemoglobin of 13 g/dl 21. as evidenced by shortness of breath. Making of individualized patient care d. “The patient will give a stool specimen for laboratory examinations. Which of the following is the most important purpose of planning care with this patient? a. “The patient will save urine for inspection by the nurse.” b. Expansion of the current taxonomy of nursing diagnosis c. Risk of injury related to autoimmune dysfunction 6 . Development of a standardized NCP. “The patient will experience decreased frequency of bowel elimination. That the patient verbalized. 23. Using Maslow’s hierarchy of basic human needs. Capillary refill greater than 3 seconds and buccal cyanosis d. “The patient will take anti-diarrheal medication. Incorporation of both nursing and medical diagnoses in patient care 24. Which of the following facts to the nurse assuming responsibility for care of the patient? a. which of the following nursing diagnoses has the highest priority? a. c. Which statement is the most appropriate goal for a nursing diagnosis of diarrhea? a.” c.” d. as evidenced by insomnia. “My headache is gone.c.
When performing an abdominal examination. 90 degrees c. Capillary refill within 3 seconds 7 . Palpable radial pulse b.0 and v2 now. If you want a simulated Nursing Board Exam. 45 degrees d. Palpable ulnar pulse c. Impaired verbal communication related to tracheostomy. 0 degree NURSING BOARD REVIEW: FUNDAMENTALS OF NURSING PRACTICE TEST PART 2 July 2010 Nursing Board Exam Review Questions on Fundamentals of Nursing. A patient is wearing a soft wrist-safety device. get a copy of our Nursing Board Exam Reviewer v1. Your score will be posted as soon as the you are done with the quiz. We will be posting more of this soon.d. as evidenced by inability to speak. 25. Which of the following nursing assessment is considered abnormal? a. Mark the letter of your choice then click on the next button. 1. 30 degrees b. the patient should be in a supine position with the head of the bed at what position? a.
cabbage d. Pia’s serum sodium level is 150 mEq/L. cool and pale fingers 2. sardines c. tomatoes 3. stagnant b. Hypethermia b. Chronic Renal Failure 5. Which of the following is a nursing diagnosis? a. Which of the following food items does the nurse instruct Pia to avoid? a. objective data from a secondary source b. Bluish fingernails. “He vomited 6 ounces of his formula this morning. Jason. asystematic 8 .” This statement is an example of: a. Angina d.d. subjective data from a primary source d. objective data from a primary source c. 3 years old vomited. subjective data from a secondary source 4. inflexible c. Diabetes Mellitus c. broccoli b. What is the characteristic of the nursing process? a. His mom stated.
d. livor mortis b. algor mortis d. b. Which of the following is appropriate nursing intervention for a client who is grieving over the death of her child? a. macule 7. vesicle c. rigor mortis c. 8. 9.d. bulla d. Provide opportunity to the client to tell their story. Encourage her to accept or to replace the lost person. Tell her not to cry and it will be better. c. Press the tragus of the ear a few times to assist flow of medication into the ear canal. c. A skin lesion which is fluid-filled. d. In an adult. papule b. goal-oriented 6. which of the following is inappropriate nursing action? a. less than 1 cm in size is called: a. none of the above 9 . During application of medication into the ear. a. pull the pinna upward. Discourage the client in expressing her emotions. b. Instill the medication directly into the tympanic membrane. It is the gradual decrease of the body’s temperature after death. Warm the medication at room or body temperature.
The nurse knows that resonance heard on percussion is most commonly heard over which organ? a. the nurse percusses resonance. Decreased plasma drug levels 10 . What could cause a geriatric patient to have difficulty retaining knowledge about the newly prescribed medication? a. intestine d. Decreased sensory functions c. 4th CN (Trochlear) d. liver c. pellagra c. 7th CN (Facial) 12. scurvy b. lung 11. pernicious anemia 13. thigh b. Nurse Cherry is teaching a 72 year old patient about a newly prescribed medication. When performing an admission assessment on a newly admitted patient.10. Patient has no interest on learning d. Prolonged deficiency of Vitamin B9 leads to: a. Absence of family support b. 2nd CN (Optic) b. 3rd CN (Occulomotor) c. megaloblastic anemia d. The nurse is aware that Bell’s palsy affects which cranial nerve? a.
Collaborative d. Weight loss of 3 lbs in a 120 lb female patient. the nurse understands that the patient has had pain for more than: a. Change of heart rate from 70 to 83 beats per minute. 17. 11 . It progresses in separate. unrelated steps. b. 6 months c. not the nurse. c. Patient stated. 1 year 16. When assessing a patient’s level of consciousness. Independent b. Diminished breath sounds in patient with previously normal breath sounds c. “I feel less nauseated. 9 months d. By definition. Which of the following statements regarding the nursing process is true? a. b.14. Claire is admitted with a diagnosis of chronic shoulder pain.” d. It focuses on the patient. Professional 15. which type of nursing intervention is the nurse performing? a. Dependent c. Which of the following is considered significant enough to require immediate communication to another member of the health care team? a. 3 months b. It is useful on outpatient settings. d. It provides the solution to all patient health problems.
21. c. doer 20. Marked rhythmic waxing and waning of respirations from very deep to very shallow breathing and temporary apnea. Fajardo.18. 3-day diet recall d. teacher c. thinker d. Cold the formula before administering it. d. When providing a continuous enteral feeding. d. talker b. a. b. c. usually inefficient expiration. Van Fajardo is a 55 year old who was admitted to the hospital with newly diagnosed hepatitis. Kussmaul’s breathing is. Prolonged gasping inspiration followed by a very short. food preferences b. The nurse is doing a patient teaching with Mr. b. Attach the feeding bag to the current tubing. which of the following assessment parameters is best used? a. To assess the adequacy of food intake. Increased rate and depth of respiration. which of the following action is essential for the nurse to do? a. 12 . Elevate the head of the bed. regularity of meal times c. Shallow breaths interrupted by apnea. What kind of role does the nurse assume? a. eating style and habits 19. Place the client on the left side of the bed.
The nurse is assessing the endocrine system.22. Heart b. What stage of grieving is she in? a.” 25. “My arms still hurt. Thyroid d. Thymus NURSING BOARD REVIEW: FUNDAMENTALS OF NURSING PRACTICE TEST PART 3 13 . Secondary c. Productive cough d. Temperature of 38 0C b. bargaining c. Tertiary d. Curative 24. Immunization for healthy babies and preschool children is an example of what level of preventive health care? a. Patient stated. Sinus c. Which is an example of a subjective data? a. depression b. acceptance 23. Primary b. Vomiting for 3 days c. Presty has terminal cancer and she refuses to believe that loss is happening ans she assumes artificial cheerfulness. Which organ is part of the endocrine system? a. denial d.
Decreased plasma drug levels b. A female patient with a terminal illness is in denial. What could cause a geriatric patient to have difficulty retaining knowledge about prescribed medications? a.1. The nurse is assessing a postoperative adult patient. Lack of family support d. When examining a patient with abdominal pain the nurse in charge should assess: Any quadrant first The symptomatic quadrant first The symptomatic quadrant last The symptomatic quadrant either second or third 3. History of Tourette syndrome 2. Which of the following planes divides the body longitudinally into anterior and posterior regions? Frontal plane Sagittal plane Midsagittal plane Transverse plane 6. Which of the following should the nurse document as subjective data? Vital signs Laboratory test result Patient’s description of pain Electrocardiographic (ECG) waveforms 4. Nurse Brenda is teaching a patient about a newly prescribed drug. A male patient has a soft wrist-safety device. Indicators of denial include: Shock dismay Numbness Stoicism 14 . Which assessment finding should the nurse consider abnormal? A palpable radial pulse A palpable ulnar pulse Cool. Sensory deficits c. pale fingers Pink nail beds 5.
A female patient is being discharged after cataract surgery. which nursing action would best help this patient understand wound care instruction? Asking frequently if the patient understands the instruction Asking an interpreter to replay the instructions to the patient. Which response by the nurse is most likely to reduce the patient’s anxiety? 15 . Before administering the evening dose of a prescribed medication. When administering drug therapy to a male geriatric patient. during discharge preparation. What should the nurse in charge do? Discard the syringe to avoid a medication error Obtain a label for the syringe from the pharmacy Use the syringe because it looks like it contains the same medication the nurse was prepared to give Call the day nurse to verify the contents of the syringe 10.Preparatory grief 7. Which action does the nurse take during this patient transfer? Position the head of the bed flat Helps the patient dangle the legs Stands behind the patient Places the chair facing away from the bed 8. filled syringe in the patient’s medication drawer. the nurse on the evening shift finds an unlabeled. After providing medication teaching. Which factor makes geriatric patients to adverse drug effects? Faster drug clearance Aging-related physiological changes Increased amount of neurons Enhanced blood flow to the GI tract 11. A female patient who speaks a little English has emergency gallbladder surgery. Writing out the instructions and having a family member read them to the patient Demonstrating the procedure and having the patient return the demonstration 9. The nurse is performing which professional role? Manager Educator Caregiver Patient advocate 12. the nurse must stay especially alert for adverse effects. A female patient exhibits signs of heightened anxiety. The nurse in charge is transferring a patient from the bed to a chair. the nurse asks the patient to repeat the instructions.
” 13. A scrub nurse in the operating room has which responsibility? Positioning the patient Assisting with gowning and gloving Handling surgical instruments to the surgeon Applying surgical drapes 14. The vial reads 10. and then leave the medication at the bedside 15.” “Why don’t you listen to the radio?” “Let’s talk about what’s bothering you.9 degrees C 40. the physician is most likely to order which laboratory test? Red blood cell count Sputum culture Total hemoglobin 16 . to be administered subcutaneously every 6 hours.1 degrees C 17. 7.000 units per millilitre. To evaluate a patient for hypoxia.” “Read this manual and then ask me any questions you may have. what is the equivalent Centigrade temperature? 39 degrees C 47 degrees C 38. A patient is in the bathroom when the nurse enters to give a prescribed medication. Don’t worry.“Everything will be fine. What should the nurse in charge do? Leave the medication at the patient’s bedside Tell the patient to be sure to take the medication. And then leave it at the bedside Return shortly to the patient’s room and remain there until the patient takes the medication Wait for the patient to return to bed. The nurse should anticipate giving how much heparin for each dose? ¼ ml ½ ml ¾ ml 1 ¼ ml 16.500 units. The nurse in charge measures a patient’s temperature at 102 degrees F. The physician orders heparin.
The nurse uses a stethoscope to auscultate a male patient’s chest. “Do you want me to start the I.Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis 18. Which human element considered by the nurse in charge during assessment can affect drug administration? The patient’s ability to recover The patient’s occupational hazards The patient’s socioeconomic status The patient’s cognitive abilities 21. All of the following parts of the syringe are sterile except the: Barrel Inside of the plunger Needle tip Barrel tip 23. “This treatment is for your own good” Inform the child that the needle will be in place for 10 days 22. therapy is to start Tell the child. now?” Give simple directions shortly before the I.V. The best way to instill eye drops is to: Instruct the patient to lock upward. and drop the medication into the center of the lower lid 17 . During discharge teaching. the nurse should: Ask the child.V. A male patient is to be discharged with a prescription for an analgesic that is a controlled substance. When explaining the initiation of I. therapy to a 2-year-old child.V. the nurse should explain that the patient must fill this prescription how soon after the date on which it was written? Within 1 month Within 3 months Within 6 months Within 12 months 20. Which statement about a stethoscope with a bell and diaphragm is true? The bell detects high-pitched sounds best The diaphragm detects high-pitched sounds best The bell detects thrills best The diaphragm detects low-pitched sounds best 19.
A patient receiving an anticoagulant should be assessed for signs of: Hypotension Hypertension An elevated hemoglobin count An increased number of erythrocytes 18 . and drop the medication into the center of the lower lid Drop the medication into the inner canthus regardless of eye position Drop the medication into the center of the canthus regardless of eye position 24. The difference between an 18G needle and a 25G needle is the needle’s: Length Bevel angle Thickness Sharpness 25.Instruct the patient to look ahead.
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