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A 10th century Japanese folktale, also known as The Tale of Princess Kaguya Kaguya-hime no

Monogatari, and is considered the oldest Japanese narrative.

One day while walking in the bamboo forest, an old, childless bamboo cutter called Taketori-no
Okina (竹取翁, "the Old Man who Harvests Bamboo"), comes across a mysterious, shining
stalk of bamboo. Cutting it open, inside he finds a baby, the size of his thumb.
Rejoicing to find such a beautiful girl, he takes her home and he and his wife raise
her as their own child, naming her Kaguya-hime (かぐや姫, Princess Kaguya, "radiant
night princess"). Thereafter, Taketori-no Okina found that whenever he cut down a
stalk of bamboo, inside he found a small nugget of gold. Soon, he was rich, and
Kaguya-hime grew from a small baby into a woman of usual size and extraordinary
beauty. At first, Taketori-no Okina tries to sequester her from outsiders, but over
time, the news of her beauty spreads.

Eventually, five princes come to Taketori-no Okina's residence to ask for Kaguya-
hime's hand in marriage. The princes eventually persuade Taketori-no Okina to tell a
reluctant Kaguya-hime to choose from one of the five princes. To this, Kaguya-hime
concocts impossible tasks for the princes to accomplish. She will agree to marry the
prince who manages to bring her a specified item.

That night, Taketori-no Okina tells the five princes what each of them must bring. The
first is told to bring her the holy basin of the Buddha. The second is told to
retrieve a legendary azalea made of silver and gold. The third is told to seek the
legendary robe of the fire-rat of China. The fourth must retrieve a colored jewel from
a dragon's neck. The final prince is told to find the seashell treasure of the

Realising that it was an impossible task, the first prince returns with an expensive
bowl, but noticing that the bowl does not glow with holy light, Kaguya-hime sees
through his deception. Two other princes likewise attempt to deceive her with fakes
but also fail. The fourth gives up after encountering a storm, while the final prince
loses his life in his attempt to retrieve the object.

After this, the Emperor of Japan, called Tennō in Japanese, comes to see the strangely
beautiful Kaguya-hime and upon falling in love asks her to marry him. Although he is not
subjected to the impossible trials that thwarted the princes, Kaguya-hime rejects his requests for
marriage as well, telling him that she was not of this country and thus could not go to the palace
with him. She stays in contact with the Emperor but continues to rebuff his requests.

That summer, whenever Kaguya-hime would see the full moon her eyes filled with tears. Though
her adopted parents worry greatly and question her, she is unable to tell them what was wrong.
Her behavior becomes increasingly erratic until she reveals that she is not of this world and must
return to her people on the moon. In some versions of this tale, it is said that she was sent to the
earth as a temporary punishment for some crime, while others say it is because she was sent to
earth for safety during a celestial war.

As the day for her to return approaches, the Emperor sets many guards around her house to
protect her from the moon people, but when an embassy of "Heavenly Beings" arrives at the door
of the Bamboo Harvester's house, the many guards are blinded by the strange light. Kaguya-hime
announces that though she loves her many friends on earth, she must return with the moon
people to her true home. She write sad notes of apology to her parents and to the Emperor, then
gives her parents her own robe as a memento. She then takes a small taste of the elixir of life,
attached it to her letter to the Emperor, and gives it to a guard officer. As she hands it to him, the
feather robe is placed on her shoulders, and all of her sadness and compassion for the people of
the Earth are forgotten. The heavenly entourage takes Kaguya-hime back to Tsuki-no Miyako (the
capital of the moon) against her will, leaving her earthly foster parents in tears.

The parents become very sad and were soon put to bed sick. The guard officer returns to the

The men are also commanded to burn the pot of elixir of immortality since the Emperor did not desire to live forever without being able to see her. The Emperor orders his men to take the letter to the summit of the mountain and burn it. 富士山 (literally "Mountain Abounding with Warriors") is derived from the Emperor's army ascending the slopes of the mountain to carry out his order. with the hope that his message would reach the now distant princess. It is also said that the kanji for the mountain. (In the past. or fuji) became the name of the mountain.) . The Emperor reads her letter and is overcome with sadness. Mount Fuji. He asks his servants "Which mountain is the closest place to heaven?".Emperor with the items Kaguya-hime had given him as her last mortal act. to which one replies that the Great Mountain of Suruga Province is the closest place to heaven. The legend has it that the word immortality (不死 fushi?. and reported what had happened. It is said that the smoke from the burning still rises to this day. Mount Fuji was much more volcanically active than today.