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AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS,


HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

ASME B30.7~-1997

ADDENDA
to

ASME B30.7-1994
BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS


345 East 47th Street 0 New York, NY 10017

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
Date of Issuance: November 30, 1997

ASME is the registered trademark of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

This code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for
American National Standards. The Consensus Committee that approved the code or standard
was balanced to assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an
opportunity to participate. The proposed codeor standard was made available for public review
and comment which provides an opportunity for additional publicinput fromindustry, academia,
regulatory agencies, and the public-at-large.
ASME does not "approve," "rate." or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device,
or activity.
ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in
connection with any items mentioned in thisdocument, and does not undertake to insure anyone
utilizing a standard againstliabilityfor infringement of any applicable Letters Patent, nor assume
any such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that the determination of
the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of the infringement of such rights, is entirely
their own responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representative(s1 or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to
be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this code or standard.
ASME acceptsresponsibility for onlythose interpretations issued in accordance with governing
ASME procedures and policies which preclude the issuance of interpretations by individual
volunteers.

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permissionof the publisher.

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers


345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017

Copyright O 1997 by
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME B30.7~-1997

Following approval by the ASME B30 Committee and ASME, and after public review, ASME B30.7~-
1997 was approved by the American National Standards Institute on October 2, 1997.

Addenda to the1994 edition of ASME B30.7 areissued in the form o f replacement pages. Revisions,
additions, and deletions are incorporated directly into the affected pages. I t is advisable, however, that this
page, the Addenda title and copyright pages, and all replaced pages be retained for reference.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
This is the third Addenda to be published to ASME B30.7-1994. Previous Addenda were published in 1995
and 1996.
Replace or insert the pages listed. Changes given below are identified on the pages by a margin note, ( c ) ,
placed next to the affected area. Previous Addenda changes are indicated by (a) and (b). The pages not
listed are the reverse sides of the listed pages and contain no changes.
Page Location Change
I, 2 Introduction Under General:
( I ) B30 volume listing updated
(2) Sixth and seventh paragraphs added
16 7-2.2.1 (a) Revised

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME 630.7~-1997

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS,


HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

INTRODUCTION

General 830.22 Articulating Boom Cranes


B30.23 Personnel Lifting Systems'
This Standard is one of a series of safety standards on
B30.24 Container Cranes'
various subjects whichhavebeen formulated underthe
B30.25 Scrap and
Material Handlers'
general auspices of the American National Standards In-
stitute. One purpose of the Standard isto serve as a
I f adopted for governmental use. the references to othcr
guide to governmental authorities having jurisdiction over
national codes and standards in the specific volumes may
subjects within the scope o the Standard. It is expected,
be changed to refer to the corresponding regulations of
however, that the Standard will find a major application
the governmental authorities.
in industry, serving as a guide to manufacturers, purchas-
The use of cableways, cranes, derricks, hoists, hooks,
ers, and users of the equipment.
jacks, and slings is subject to certain hazards that cannot
For the convenience of the user, the Standard has been
bemet by mechanical means but only by the exercise
divided into separate volumes:
of intelligence, care, and common sense. It is therefore
B30.1 Jacks essential to have personnel involved in the use and opera-
B30.2 Overhead and Gantry Cranes (Top Run- tion of equipment who are competent, careful, physically
ning Bridge, Singleor Multiple Girder, and mentally qualified, and trained in the safe operation
Top Running Trolley Hoist) of the equipment and the handling of the loads. Serious
830.3 Construction Tower Cranes hazards are overloading, dropping or slipping of the load
B30.4 Portal, Tower, and Pedestal Cranes caused by improper hitching or slinging, obstructing the
B30.5 Mobile and Locomotive Cranes free passage of the load, and using equipment for a pur-
830.6 Derricks pose for which it was not intended or designed.
B30.7 Base Mounted Drum Hoists The Standards Committee fully realizes the im-
B30.8 Floating Cranes and Floating Derricks portance of proper design factors, minimum or max-
B30.9 Slings imum sizes, and other limiting dimensions of wire
B30.1O Hooks rope or chain and their fastenings, sheaves, sprock-
B30.1 I Monorails and Underhung Cranes ets, drums, and similar equipment covered by the
B30. I2 Handling Loads Suspended From Ro- Standard. all of which are closely connected with
torcraft safety. Sizes, strengths, and similar criteria arede-
B30. I3 StoragelRetrieval (SIR) Machines and As- pendent on many different factors, often varying with
sociated Equipment the installationanduses. These factors depend on
B30. I4 Side Boom Tractors the condition ofthe equipment or material; onthe
B30.15 Mobile Hydraulic Cranes loads; o n the acceleration or speed of the ropes, chains,
Note: B30.15-1973 hasbeen withdrawn. sheaves, sprockets, or drums; on the type of attachments;
The revision of B30.15 is included i n the on the number, size, and arrangement of sheaves or othcr
latest edition of B30.5. parts; o n environmental conditions causing corrosion or
B30. I6 Overhead Hoists (Underhung) wear; and on many variables that must be considered in
B30.17 Overhead and Gantry Cranes (Top each individual case.The rules given in the Standard
Running Bridge, SingleGirder, Under- mustbe interpreted accordingly, and judgment used i n
hung Hoist) determining their application.
B30.18 Stacker Cranes (Top or Under Running Some of the provisions of this Standard require compli-
Bridge, Multiple Girder With Top or Un- ance with information found i n manuals or other docu-
der Running Trolley Hoist) ments supplied by the manufacturer with the equipment.
B30.19 Cableways
B30.20 Below-the-Hook Lifting Devices
830.2 I Manually Lever Operated Hoists '830.23. 830.24, and H30.25 are in the development stage.

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S T D - A S M E B 3 0 - 7 C - E N G L L997 W 0 7 5 9 b 7 0 0 5 8 b 9 b L B O T W

ASME 830.7~-1997 DRUM MOUNTED BASE HOISTS

Theinformation includes
recommendations, require- Section II - Purpose
ments, and instructions (e.g., the reeving shall be
This Standard i s designed to:
checked for compliance withthe recommendations o f the
( u )guard against and minimize injury to workers,and
manufacturer).
otherwiseprovidefor the protection o f life, limb, and
Compliance with the provisions should not preclude
property by prescribing safety requirements;
the possibility of consulting a qualified person. This is
(h) provide direction to owners, employers, supervi-
true particularly when: the equipment has been altered,
sors, and others concerned with, or responsible for, its
repaired, or modified;the manuals or documents supplied
application; and
by the manufacturer are no longer available;or the manu-
(c) guide governments and other regulatory bodies in
facturer or a successor i s no longer in business and the
the development, promulgation, and enforcement o f ap-
manuals are no longer available. However, the purpose
propriate safety directives.
o f consulting a qualified person shall not be to avoid
contacting the manufacturerandusing the information
supplied by the manufacturer.
The Standards Committee will be glad to receive criti-
cisms o f thisStandardsrequirementsandsuggestions
for its improvement,especially thosebased onactual
experience in application o f the rules.
Section 111 - Interpretations
Suggestionsfor changesto the Standardshould be
submitted to the Secretary o f the B30 Committee, ASME, Upon request, the B30 Committee will render an inter-
345 East 47th Street, New York, N Y 10017, and should pretation o f any requirement o f the Standard. Interpreta-
be i n accordance with the following format: tions can onlybe rendered i n response to a writtenrequest
( u )cite the specific paragraph designation o f the pert- sent to the Secretary of the B30 Committee, ASME, 345
nent volume; East 47th Street, New York, N Y 10017.
(h) indicate the suggested change (addition, deletion, The request for interpretation should be clear and un-
revision, etc.); ambiguous. I t i s further recommended that the inquirer
(c) briefly statethereason and/orevidencefor the submit his request utilizing the following format.
suggested change;
( d ) submit suggested changes to more than one para- Subject:
Cite the applicable
paragraph
number(s)
graph in the order that the paragraphsappear i n the and provide a concise description.
volume. Edition:Cite the applicableedition o f the pertinent
The B30 Committeewill consider eachsuggested volume for which the interpretation i s be-
change in a timely manner in accordance with i t s proce- ing requested.
dures. Question: Phrase the question as request
a for an
interpretation of aspecificrequirement
suitable for general understanding and use,
not as a request for approval o f a proprie-
tary design or situation. The inquirer may
Section I - Scope also include any plans or drawings which
are necessaryto explainthe question; how-
This Standard applies to the construction, installation,
ever, they should not contain any proprie-
operation, inspection, and maintenance o f jacks; power-
tary names or information.
operated cranes, monorails, and crane runways; power-
operated and manually operated derricks and hoists; lift- Requests that are not in this format w i l l be rewritten
ing devices, hooks, and slings; and cableways. in this format by the Committee prior to beinganswered,
This Standard does not apply to track and automotive which could change the intent of the original request.
jacks, railway or automobile wrecking cranes, shipboard ASME procedures provide for reconsideration o f any
cranes, shipboard cargo-handling equipment, well-drill- interpretationwhen or if additional information which
ing derricks, skip hoists, mine hoists, truck body hoists, might affect an interpretation is available. Further, per-
car or barge pullers, conveyors, excavating equipment, sons aggrievedby an interpretationmay appealto the
or equipment coming within the scope of the following cognizant ASME Committee or Subcommittee. ASME
Committees:AIO,A17,A90,A92,A120, 820, BS6, does not approve, certify, rate, or endorse any
and B77. item, construction, proprietary device, or activity.

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BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME 630.7~-1997

CHAPTER 7-2
Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance

Section 7-2.1 - Inspection indicated below, including observations during operation


for wear or damage which might appear between regular
(al ( a ) Initial Inspection. Prior to initial use, all new,
inspections. Any deficiencies, such as listed below, shall
reinstalled, altered or modified, hoists shall be inspected
be carefully examined, and a determination made by a
by a designated person to verify compliance withthe
qualified person as to whether they constitute a hazard:
applicable provisions of this Volume.
( a ) all control mechanisms for maladjustment or ex-
(6) Inspection procedure for hoists in regular service
cessive wear interfering with proper operation;
is divided into two general classifications based upon the
( b ) all limit switches or limiting devices for malfunc-
intervals at which inspection should be performed. The
tion at the beginning of each work shift;
intervals in turn are dependent upon the nature of the
( c ) deterioration or leakage in air or hydraulic systems;
critical components of the hoists and the degree of their
( d ) load carrying ropes (visual inspection daily for
exposureto wear, deterioration, or malfunction. The
excessive wear and distortion);
two general classifications are designated asfrequent and
( e ) electrical apparatus for malfunctioning, signs of
periodic with respective intervals between inspections as
excessive deterioration, and dirt and moisture accumu-
defined below.
lation.
( I ) Frequent Inspection.Visual examinations by the
operator or other designated personnel with records not
required.
(a) Normal service - monthly
( 6 ) Heavy service - weekly to monthly
7-2.1.2 Periodic Inspection. Complete inspections
( c ) Severe service - daily to weekly
of the hoist shall be performed at intervals as defined in
( d ) Special or infrequent service - recom-
para. 7-2.l(b)(2). Any deficiencies, such as listed below,
mended by a qualified individual before and after each
shall be examined and determination made as to whether
occurrence
they constitute a hazard. These inspections shall include
(2) Periodic Inspection. Visual inspection by an ap-
the requirements of para. 7-2. I . I and, in addition, items
pointed person making records of apparent external con-
such as the following:
ditions to provide the basis for a continuing evaluation.
( a ) deformed, cracked, or corroded members;
( a ) Normal service - equipment in place -
( h ) loose bolts or rivets;
yearly
(c) cracked or worn drums or sheaves;
(b) Heavy service - equipment i n place -
(d) worn, cracked, or distorted parts such as pins, bear-
yearly
ings, shafts, gears, rollers, and locking and clamping de-
(c) Severe service - equipment in place -
vices;
quarterly
(e) excessive wear distortion or damage on brake and
( d ) Special or infrequent service authorized by a
clutch system parts and linings, and on pawls and ratchets;
qualified person before the first such occurrence and as
(fl gasoline, diesel, electric, or other power plants for
directed by the qualified person for any subsequent occur-
improper performance and noncompliance with applica-
rences.
ble safety requirements;
(g) excessive wear of chain drive sprockets and exces-
sive chain stretch;
7-2.1.1 Frequent Inspection. Items such as the ( h ) electrical apparatus for contact pitting or any
following shall be inspected for wear or damage at deterioration of controller contactors, limit switches,
intervals as defined in para. 7-2. I (h)( I ) , or as specifically and push button stations;

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S T D - A S M E B30.7C-ENGL L777 0 7 5 7 b 7 0 0 5 8 b 7 b 3 bA2

ASME 830.7~-1997 HOISTS DRUM BASE MOUNTED

( i ) foundations or supports for


continued
ability to otherwise
recommendedby the manufacturer.
Test
sustain the imposed
reports
should
loads. be
appointed
available
personnel.
to

7-2.1.3 Hoists Not in Regular Use


( a ) A hoist which hasbeen idle for a period of one Section 7-2.3 - Maintenance
month or more, but less than six months, shall be given
an inspection conforming with the requirements o f para. 7-2.3.1 Preventive Maintenance
7-2. I . I before being placed i n service. (a) A preventive maintenance program should bees-
( h ) A hoist which has been idle for a period o f over tablished based on the hoist manufacturer's or a quali-
six months shall be given a complete inspection conform- fiedperson'srecommendations.Datedrecordsshould
ing with the requirements o f paras. 7-2. I.I, 7-2.1.2, and be available to appointed personnel.
7-2.4. I(b). (h) Replacement parts shall beatleast equal to the
(c) Standbyhoistsshall be inspected at least semi- original parts.
annually in accordance with the requirements o f paras.
7-2. I . I and 7-2.4. I(b). 7-2.3.2 Maintenance Procedure
(d) Standby hoists exposedto abnormal operating con- (a) Beforeadjustmentsandrepairs are started ona
ditions should be inspected more frequently than required hoist, the following precautions shall be taken, as appli-
i n para. 7-2. I .3(c). cable:
( I ) if electrically powered, the main or emergency
7-2.1.4 Inspection Records. Dated
inspection switch locked in the open position;
reports and records shall be made on critical items such (2) the power plant stopped or disconnected at the
as brakes and ropes. Dated records should be kept where takeoff;
readily available to appointed personnel. (3) power plant
starting means rendered in-
operative;
( 4 ) drum pawls engaged, or other means provided
Section 7-2.2 - Testing topreventload ropes frominadvertentlyrotating the
mechanism;
7-2.2.1 Operational Tests ( 5 ) warning or Out of Order signs placed on the
(c) ( a ) Prior to initial use, new, altered, modified, hoist.
reinstalled,orrepairedhoistsshall be tested toverify (6) After adjustments and repairs havebeen made, the
compliancewiththisvolume,including the following hoistshallnot be returnedtoservice untilall guards
functions: have been reinstalled, limiting devices reactivated, and
( I ) lifting and lowering on each drum maintenance equipment removed.
(2) swing (c) Warning or Out ef Order signs shall be placed or
( 3 ) operation o f clutches, brakes, and pawls removed by appointed personnel.
( 4 ) operation of limit switches, and locking and
safety devices when provided
( h ) The trip-setting o f l i m i t switches and limiting de- 7-2.3.3 Adjustments and Repairs
vices shall be determined by tests under no-load condi- ( a ) Any hazardous condition disclosed by the inspec-
tions. Tests shall be conducted first underslow speed tion and requirements o f Section 7-2. I shall be corrected
and then with increasing speeds up to maximum speed. beforeoperation o f the hoist i s resumed.Adjustments
Actuating mechanisms shall be located so that they will and repairs shall be done only by a designated person.
trip the switches or limitingdevices in time to stop motion ( b ) Adjustments shall be maintained to ensure correct
without damage to any part o f the hoisting arrangement. functioning of components. The following are examples:
(c) All tie-downs shall be acceptable to a designated ( I ) all functional operating mechanisms
person. (2) brakes, clutches, and pawls
(3) power plants
7-2.2.2 Rated Line Pull Test. Prior to initial use, ( 4 ) limit switches and other limiting devices
all new, extensively repaired, or altered hoists shall be (5) control systems
tested by or under the direction o f a designated person, (6) foundations and other anchorages
and a written report furnished confirming the rating o f (c) Repairs or replacements shall be made as needed.
the hoist.Ratingsshallnot be morethan 90% o f the The following are examples:
maximum load sustained during the test. Test loadings ( I ) allcritical parts which are cracked,broken,
shall not be more than I 10% of the rated line pull unless bent, or excessively worn;

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ASME B 3 0 = 7 B 96 m 0759670 0573699 415 m
i

AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS,


HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

ASME B30.7b-I996

ADDENDA
to

ASME B30.7-1994
BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

A MTEHS
REO
I CCAI E
NT Y OF M E C H AENNI C
GAI N
LE E R S

United Engineering Center 0 345 East 47th Street O New York, NY 10017

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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~~

ASME 830.78 96 M 0759670 0573700 Tb7 M

Date of Issuance: July 26, 1996

ASME is the registered trademark of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

This code or standard was developed under procedures accreditedas meeting the criteria for
American National Standards. The Consensus Committee that approved the code or standard
was balanced to assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an
opportunity to participate. The proposed code or standard was made available for public review
and comment which provides an opportunityfor additional public input from industry, academia,
regulatory agencies, and the public-at-large.
ASME does not "approve," "rate," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device,
or activity.
ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in
connection with any items mentionedin this document, and does not undertake to insure anyone
utilizing astandard againstliability for infringement anyof applicable LettersPatent, nor assume
any such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that the determination of
the validity of any such patent rights, andthe risk of the infringement ofsuch rights, is entirely
their own responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representativek) or personk) affiliated with industry is notto
be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this code or standard.
ASME acceptsresponsibilityfor onlythose interpretations issued in accordance with governing
ASME procedures and policies which preclude the issuance of interpretations by individual
volunteers.

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers


345 E. 47th
Street New York,
NY 10017

Copyright Q 1996 by
THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

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Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME 830-78 96 m 0759b70 0573703 9T3

ASME B30.7b-1996

Following approval by the ASME B30 Committee and ASME, and after public review, ASME B30.7b-
1996 was approved by the American National Standards Institute on June 19, 1996.

Addenda to the 1994 Edition of ASME B30.7 are issued in the form of replacement pages. Revisions,
additions, and deletions are incorporated directly into the affected pages. It is advisable, however, that this
page, the Addenda title and copyright pages, and all replaced pages be retained for reference.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
This is the second Addenda to be published to ASME B30.7-1994. A previous Addenda was published
in 1995.

Replace or insert the pages listed. Changes given below are identified on the pages by a margin note, (b),
placed next to the affected area. Previous Addenda changes are indicated by (a). The pages not listed are
the reverse sides of the listed pages and contain no changes.
Change Page Location
5 7-0.2 Definition and term of designated revised
7 7-0.3 Reference to ASME B30.6 updated

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~~

A S I E 8 3 0 . 7 8 96 m O759670 0573702 83T m

BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME B30.7b-1996

BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

CHAPTER 7-0
Scope, Definitions, and References

Section 7-0.1 - Scope of B30.7 crossover points - in multiple layer spooling of rope
on a drum, those points of rope contact where the rope
Within the general scope defined in Section I, B30.7
applies to base mounted drum hoists arranged for mount- crosses the preceding rope layer
ing on afoundationorothersupportingstructurefor derrick - an apparatusforliftingorloweringloads
lifting or lowering loads, to derrick swingers,and to any consisting of a mast or equivalent member held at the
variations whichretain the same fundamental characteris- head by guys or braces, with or without a boom, for use
tics. The scope includes hoists which are powered by with hoists and ropes
internal combustion engines, electric motors, compressed designated person - a person selected or assigned by
air, or hydraulics, andwhich utilize drumsand rope. This the employer or the employers representative as being
volume does not apply to overhead hoists, car pullers, competent to perform specific duties
barge pullers,truck body hoists, or other hoistsor winches
drum - the cylindrical member around which rope is
used exclusively in horizontal pulling applications.
wound for liftingor lowering theload or boom,or swing-
Provisions of this volume donot encompass allof the
safety precautions and safeguards applicablewhen hoist ing the boom supporting structure
loads consist wholly, orin part, of personnel. For person- drum capacity, rope - the length of a specific diameter
nel handlinghoistsrefer to ANSI A10.4. When base of rope which can be wound on a drum
mounted drum hoists areused as an integral part of other dynamic loading - loads introduced into the machine
lifting equipment, this Standard may not apply. or its components by forces in motion
exposed - applies to hazardous objects not guarded or
isolated (capable of being contacted inadvertently)
Section 7-0.2 - Definitions
eyesplice - an eye formed at the end of arope by
administrative or regulatory authority - governmental splicing the dead endinto the live endatthe base of
agency, or the employer in the absence of governmental the eye
jurisdiction
flange point - a pointof contact between rope and drum
appointed - assignedspecificresponsibilities by the flange where the rope changes layers
employer or the employers representative
gantry - (also known as A-frame) a structural frame,
authorized - appointed by a duly constituted administra-
extending above abase structure, to which boom support
tive or regulatory authority
ropes are reeved
base - the mounting flanges or feet for attachment of
hoist - a power driven drum or drums capableof lifting
a hoist to its supporting structure or foundation
and lowering loads
boom - a member hinged to a fixedor rotating structure
or to a derrickmast, with its outer endsupported by ropes hoist, direct geared - a hoist with one drum(s) geared
leading to gantry
a or A-frame, or derrick mast top or other directly to its power source
anchorage, andused for supporting the hoisting tackle hoist, drum - a hoist with hoisting drum(s), and with
brake - a device used for retarding or stopping motion or without a swinger
by friction or power means hoist, friction drum - a hoist with drum(s) controlled
clutch - a means for engagement or disengagement of by friction clutches and brakes and provided with drum
power ratchets and pawls
5

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ASME B30.7b-1996 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

limiting device - a mechanical device that is operated load limit, or uniform loads less than 65% of rated load
by some part of a power driven machine or equipment for not more than 25% of the time
to control motions of the machine or equipment service, heavy - that service which involves operation
load block - the assembly of hook or shackle, swivel, within the rated load limit which exceeds normal service
bearings,sheaves, pins, and framesuspended by the service, severe - that service which involves normal or
hoisting ropes heavy service with abnormal operating conditions
load, working - the external load,in pounds (kilograms) spooling, rope - winding of rope on a cylindrical drum
or short tons (metric tons), applied to a hoist, including in evenly spaced, uniform layers
the weight of auxiliary load attaching equipment swing - rotating of a boom structure for movement of
mast - the upright member of a derrick loads in a horizontal arc about the axis of rotation
material elevator - a mechanism consisting of a tower swingers,attached - a reversibledrum unit arranged
with vertical memberswhichguidea platform that is to rotateor swing a derrick mast and boom, or some
lifted and lowered by means of a hoist other structure which supports a load lifting or lowering
operating conditions, abnormal- environmental condi- boom andwhich is attached to and receives its power
tions that are unfavorable, harmful, or detrimental to or from a hoist
for the operation of a base mounted drum hoist, such as swingers, independent - a unit directly geared to its own
excessively high or low ambient temperatures, exposure power for rotating or swinging a derrick mast and boom
to adverse weather, corrosive fumes, dustladen or mois- swingers, rope - a unit provided with one or two revers-
ture laden atmospheres, and hazardous locations ible drumsforwinding the rope used forrotating or
pawl - (also known asdog)adevicefor positively swinging a bull wheel of a boom supporting structure
holding machinery against undesired rotation switch - a device for making, breaking, or changing
power controlled lowering - a system or device in the the connections in an electric circuit
power train, other than the load hoist brake, which can switch, limit - a switch that is operated by some part
control the lowering speed of the load hoist mechanism ofapowerdrivenmachine or equipment to alter the
qualified person - a person who, by possession of a electric circuit associatedwith the machine or equipment
recognized degreeor certificate of professional standing, switch,main - aswitchcontrolling the entirepower
or who, by extensive knowledge, training, and experience, supply to the hoist
has successfully demonstrated the ability to solve or re-
tackle - an assembly of ropes and sheaves arranged for
solve problems relating to the subject matter and work
lifting, lowering, and pulling
ratchet - a toothed member, attached to or part of the
winch head - (also known as gypsy head) a rotatable
drum, for engagement with the pawl
cylindrical drum with curved end flanges, used for load
rated rope pull - (also known as rated line pull) the handling by means of fiber rope coiled about its barrel
manufacturers recommendedload in pounds (kilograms) with hand tension applied to the nonload end
applied to the rope attached to the hoist drum
reeving - a ropesystem in which the rope travels around
drums and sheaves
repetitivepickuppoint - when operating on a short
cycle operation, the rope being used on a single layer
and being spooled repetitively over a short portion of
the drum
rope - refers to wire rope unless otherwise specified Section 7-0.3 - References to Other Codes (94)
rope, rotation resistant - a wire rope consisting of an and Standards (al
inner layer of strands laid in one direction covered by a Within the text, reference is madetothefollowing (b)
layer of strands laid in the opposite direction;this has the publications, copies of which may be obtained from the
effect of counteracting torqueby reducing the tendency of publishersasindicated.Copies of American National
the finished rope to rotate Standards may also be obtained from the American Na-
service, normal - that distributed servicewhich involves tional Standards Institute, Inc., 1 1 West 42nd Street, 13
operation with randomly distributed loads within the rated fl, New York, NY 10036.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME 830.78 9 6 m 0759b70 057370q b 0 2 m

BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME 630.7b-1996

SAE J983 (Oct. 80), Recommended Practice: Crane and ASME Order Department
Cable Excavator Basic OperatingControl Arrangements 22 Law Drive
Box 2300
Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.
Fairfield, NJ 07007-2300
400 Commonwealth Drive
Warrendale, PA 15096

ANSUAWS D 14.3-1982,SpecificationforWelding
Earthmoving and Construction Equipment
ANSI A 10.4-1990, Safety Requirements for Workmens
Publisher: American Welding Society Hoists
550 N.W. LeJeune Road ANSI A10.5-1992, SafetyRequirementsforMaterial
Miami, FL 33 135 Hoists
ANSI 226.1- 1983, Safety Code for Safety Glazing Mate-
ASME B30.6- 1990, Demcks rialsforGlazingMotorVehiclesOperating on Land
Highways
Publisher:
The
American
Society of Mechanical
Engineers Publisher: American National Standards Institute, Inc.
345 East 47th Street 1 1 West 42nd Street, 13 fl
New York, NY 10017-2392 New York, NY 10036

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME 830.78 96 D 0759b70 0573705 549 m

ASME B30.7b-1996 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

Prime mover
(internal combustion
engine shown)

LBrake cylinder

FIG. 1 THREE-DRUM BASE MOUNTED HOIST WITH ATTACHED SWINGER

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
A S I E B 3 0 * 7 A 95 0759670 0 5 b 5 5 9 L L 2 T W

AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS,


HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

ASME B30.7a-1995
ADDENDA
to

ASME B30.7-1994
BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

T HA
EMERICAS
NO C I E T Y OF M E C H A N I C AE
LNGINEERS

United
Engineering
Center O 345 East 47th Street m New York, N.Y. 10017

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
Date of Issuance: September 8, 1995

ASME is the registered trademark of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

This code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for
American National Standards. The Consensus Committee that approved the code or standard
was balanced to assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an
opportunity to participate. The proposed code or standard was made availablefor public review
and comment which provides an opportunity for additional public input from industry, academia,
regulatory agencies, and the public-at-large.
ASME does not "approve," "rate," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device, or
activity.
ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in
connection with any items mentioned in this document, and doesnot undertake to insure anyone
utilizing a standard against liability for infringement of any applicable Letters Patent, nor assume
any such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that determination of the
validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, is entirely their own
responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to
be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this code or standard.
ASME accepts responsibility for onlythose interpretations issuedin accordance with governing
ASME procedures and policies which preclude the issuance of interpretations by individual vol-
unteers.

No part of this document may be reproduced in any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Copyright O 1995 by
THEAMERICANSOCIETY OF MECHANICALENGINEERS
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME B30.7a-1995

Followingapprovalby the ASME B30 CommitteeandASME, and after publicreview,ASME


B30.7a-1995 was approved by the American National Standards Institute Inc. on July 10, 1995.

Addenda to the 1994 editionof ASME B30.7are issued in the form of replacement pages. Revisions,
additions, and deletions are incorporated directly into the affected pages. It is advisable, however,
that this page, the Addenda title and copyright pages, and all replaced pages be retained for ref-
erence.

SUMMARY OF CHANGES
This is the first Addenda to be published to ASME B30.7-1994.
Replace or insert the pages listed. Changes given bel6w are identified on the pages by a margin
note, (a), placed next to the affected area. The pages not listed are the reverse sides of the listed
pages and contain no changes.

Page Location Change


1 Introduction (1) Under General, B30.25 volume added
(2) Footnote 1 revised
7 ANSI references updated
15 7-2.l(a) Revised
17, 18 7-2.4.1(~) (1) Paras. (1) and (2) revised
(2) Para. (3) added
(3) Original para. (3) redesignated as (4)

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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A S I E B30.7A 95 m 07596700565605 544 m

ASME 830.7a-1995

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS,


HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

INTRODUCTION

General B30.18 Stacker Cranes (Top or Under Running


This Standard is one of a series of safety standards Bridge,Multiple Girder With Top or
on various subjects which have been formulated un- Under Running Trolley Hoist)
der the general auspices of the American National B30.19
Cableways
Standards Institute. One purpose of the Standard is B30.20 Below-the-HookLiftingDevices
to serve as a guide to governmental authorities hav- B30.21ManuallyLever Operated Hoists
ing jurisdiction over subjects withinthe scope of the B30.22 ArticulatingBoom Cranes
Standard. It is expected, however, that the Standard B30.23 Personnel Lifting'
will find a major application in industry, serving as a B30.24 Container Cranes'
guide to manufacturers, purchasers, and users of the B30.25 Scrap and MaterialHandlers'
equipment. If adopted for governmental use,the references to
(94) For the convenience of the user, the Standard has other national codes and standards in the specific
(a) beendivided into separate volumes: volumes may be changed to refer to the correspond-
B30.1 Jacks ing regulations of the governmental authorities.
B30.2 Overhead and Gantry Cranes (Top The use ofcableways, cranes,derricks,hoists,
Running Bridge, Singleor Multiple Gir- hooks, jacks, and slings is subject to certain hazards
der, Top Running Trolley Hoist) that cannot be metby mechanical means but only by
B30.3 Hammerhead Tower Cranes the exercise of intelligence, care, and common sense.
B30.4 Portal, Tower, and Pedestal Cranes It is therefore essential to have personnel involved
B30.5 Mobile and Locomotive Cranes in the use and operation of equipment who are com-
B30.6 Derricks petent, careful, physically and mentally qualified,and
B30.7 Base Mounted Drum Hoists trained in the safe operation of the equipment and
B30.8 Floating Cranes and Floating Derricks the handling of the loads. Serious hazards are over-
B30.9 Slings loading, dropping or slipping of the load caused by
B30.10 Hooks improperhitching or slinging, obstructing the free
B30.11 Monorails and Underhung Cranes passage of the load, and using equipment for a pur-
B30.12 HandlingLoadsSuspendedFromRo- pose for which it was not intended or designed.
torcraft The Standards Committeefullyrealizes the im-
B30.13 Storage/Retrieval (S/R) Machines and portance of proper design factors, minimum or max-
Associated Equipment imum sizes, and other limiting dimensions ofwire
B30.14 Side Boom Tractors rope or chain and their fastenings, sheaves, sprock-
B30.15 Mobile Hydraulic Cranes ets, drums, and similarequipmentcovered by the
Note: B30.15-1973 has been withdrawn. Standard, all of which are closelyconnectedwith
The revision of B30.15 is included in the safety. Sizes, strengths, and similar criteria are de-
latest edition of B30.5 pendent on many different factors, often varying with
B30.16 Overhead Hoists (Underhung) the installation and uses. These factors depend on
B30.17 Overhead and Gantry Cranes (Top the condition of the equipment or material; on the
Running Bridge, Single Girder, Under-
hung Hoist) 'B30.23,
B30.24, and B30.25 are in the development stage. (a)
1

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME B 3 0 - 7 A 95
0759b70
05b5bOb 480

ASME B30.7a-1995 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

loads;on the acceleration or speed of the ropes, and property by prescribing safety requirements;
chains, sheaves, sprockets, or drums; on the type of (b) provide direction to owners, employers, super-
attachments; on the number, size, and arrangement visors, and others concerned with,or responsible for,
of sheaves or other parts; on environmental condi- its application; and
tions causing corrosion or wear; and on many vari- (c) guide governmentsand other regulatory bodies
ables that must be considered in each individual case. in the development, promulgation, and enforcement
The rules given in the Standard must be interpreted of appropriate safety directives.
accordingly, and judgment used in determining their
application.
The Standards Committee will be glad to receive
criticisms of this Standards requirements and sug-
gestions for its improvement, especially those based
on actual experience in application of the rules. Section 111 - Interpretations
Suggestions for changes to the Standard should be
submitted to the Secretary of the B30 committee, Upon request, the B30 Committee will render an
ASME, 345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017, interpretation of any requirement of the Standard.
and should be in accordance with the following for- Interpretations can only be rendered in response to
mat: a written request sent to the Secretary of the B30
(u) cite the specific paragraph designation of the Committee, ASME, 345 East 47th Street, New York,
pertinent volume; NY 10017.
(b) indicate the suggested change (addition, dele- The request for interpretation should be clearand
tion, revision, etc.); unambiguous. It is further recommended that the in-
(c) briefly state the reason and/or evidence for the
quirer submit his request utilizing the following for-
suggested change; mat.
(d) submitsuggestedchanges to more than one Subject: Cite the applicable paragraph num-
paragraph in the order that the paragraphs appear ber(s) and provide a concise descrip-
in the volume. tion.
The B30 Committee will consider each suggested Edition: Cite the applicable edition of the per-
changein a timely manner in accordance with its tinent volume for which the interpre-
procedures. tation is being requested.
Question: Phrase the question as a request for an
Section I - Scope interpretation of a specific require-
ment suitable for general understand-
This Standard applies to the construction, instal- ing and use,notas a request for
lation, operation, inspection, andmaintenance of approval of a proprietary design or sit-
jacks; power-operated cranes, monorails, and crane uation. The inquirer may also include
runways;power-operatedandmanually operated any plans or drawings which are nec-
derricks and hoists; lifting devices, hooks, and slings; essary to explain the question; how-
and cableways. ever,they
should not contain any
This Standard does not apply to track and auto- proprietary names or information.
motive jacks, railwayor automobile wrecking cranes,
shipboardcranes,shipboardcargo-handling equip- Requests that are not in this format will be re-
ment, well-drilling derricks, skip hoists, mine hoists, written in this format by the Committee prior to
truck bodyhoists, car or bargepullers,conveyors, being answered,which could changethe intent of the
excavating equipment, or equipment coming within original request.
the scope of the following Committees: Alo, A17, ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of
A90, A92, A120, B20, B56, and B77. any interpretation when or if additional information
which might affect an interpretation is available.Fur-
ther, persons aggrieved by an interpretation may ap-
Se.ction II - Purpose peal to the cognizant ASME Committee or
This Standard is designed to: Subcommittee. ASME does not approve, certify,
(a) guard against and minimize injury to workers, rate, or endorse any item, construction,proprie-
and otherwise provide for the protection of life, limb, tary device, or activity.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
A S I E B 3 0 * 7 A 95 m 0 7 5 9 6 7 0 056.5607 317 m

BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME B30.7a-1995

BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

CHAPTER 7-0
Scope, Definitions, and References

Section 7-0.1 - Scope of 830.7 clutch - a means for engagement or disengagement


Within the general scopedefined in Section I, of power
B30.7 applies to base mounted drum hoistsarranged crossover points - in multiple layer spoolingof rope
for mounting on a foundation or other supporting on a drum, those points of rope contact where the
structure forlifting or loweringloads, to derrick rope crosses the preceding rope layer
swingers, and to any variations which retain the same demck - an apparatus for lifting or lowering loads
fundamental characteristics. The scope includes consisting of a mast or equivalent member held at
hoists which are powered by internal combustion en- the head by guys or braces, with or without a boom,
gines, electric motors, compressedair, or hydraulics, for use with hoists and ropes
and which utilize drums and rope. This volume does dgsignated - selected or assigned by the employer or
not apply to overhead hoists, car pullers, barge pull- the employers representative as being competent to
ers, truck body hoists, or otherhoists or winches used perform specific duties
exclusively in horizontal pulling applications. drum - the cylindrical member around which rope
Provisions of this volume do not encompass all of is wound for liftingor lowering the load or boom, or
the safetyprecautions and safeguardsapplicable swinging the boom supporting structure
when hoist loads consist wholly, or in part, of per-
drum capacity, rope - the length of a specific diam-
sonnel. For personnel handling hoists refer to ANSI eter of rope which can be wound on a drum
A10.4. When base mounted drum hoists are used as
an integral part of other lifting equipment, this Stan- dynamic loading - loads introducedinto the machine
or its components by forces in motion
dard may not apply.
exposed - applies to hazardous objects not guarded
or isolated (capableof being contacted inadvertently)
Section 7-0.2 - Definitions eye splice - an eye formed at the end of a rope by
splicing the dead end into the live end at thebase of
administrative or regulatory authority - governmental the eye
agency, or the employer in the absence of govern-
flange point - a point of contact between rope and
mental jurisdiction
drum flange where the rope changes layers
appointed - assigned specific responsibilities by the
employer or the employers representative gantry - (also known as A-frame)a structural frame,
extending abovea base structure, to which boom sup-
authorized - appointed by a duly constituted admin-
port ropes are reeved
istrative or regulatory authority
hoist - a powerdrivendrum or drums capable of
base - the mounting flanges or feet for attachment
lifting and lowering loads
of a hoist to its supporting structure or foundation
hoist, direct geared - a hoist with one drum(s) geared
boom - a member hinged to a fixed or rotating struc-
ture or toa derrick mast, with its outer end supported directly to its power source
by ropes leading to a gantry or A-frame, or derrick hoist, drum - a hoist with hoistingdrum(s), and with
mast top or other anchorage, and used for supporting or without a swinger
the hoisting tackle hoist, fiction drum - a hoist with drum(s) controlled
brake - a device used for retarding or stopping mo- by frictionclutches and brakes and providedwith
tion by friction or power means drum ratchets and pawls
5

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME B30-7A 95 m 0759670 0565608 253 m

ASME B30.7a-1995 HOISTS DRUM BASE MOUNTED

limiting &vice - a mechanical devicethat is operated service,normal - that distributed service which in-
by some part of a power driven machine or equip- volves operation withrandomlydistributedloads
ment to control motions of the machine or equipment within the rated load limit,or uniform loads lessthan
load block - the assembly of hook or shackle, swivel, 65% Of rated load for not more than 25% Of the time
bearings, sheaves, pins, and frame suspended by the service, heavy - that service which involvesoperation
hoisting ropes within the rated load limit which exceeds normalser-
load, working - the external load, in pounds (kilo- vice
grams) or short tons (metric tons), applied to a hoist, service,severe - that service which involves normal
including the weight of auxiliaryloadattaching or heavy service with abnormal operating conditions
equipment spooling,rope - winding of rope on acylindrical
mast - the upright member of a derrick drum in evenly spaced, uniform layers
material elevator - a mechanism consistingof a tower swing - rotating of a boom structure for movement
with vertical members which guide a platformthat is of loads in a horizontal arc about the axis of rotation
lifted and lowered by means of a hoist swingers, attached - a reversible drum unit arranged
operating conditions, abnormal - environmental con- to rotate or swing a derrick mast and boom, or some
ditions that are unfavorable, harmful, or detrimental other structure which supports a load lifting or low-
to or for the operation of a base mounteddrum hoist, ering boom and which is attached to and receives its
such as excessivelyhigh or low ambient tempera- power from a hoist
tures, exposure to adverse weather, corrosive fumes, swingers, independent - a unit directly geared to its
dust laden or moisture laden atmospheres, and haz- own power for rotating or swinging a derrick mast
ardous locations and boom
pawl - (also known as dog) a device for positively siingers, rope - aunitprovidedwith one or two
holding machinery against undesired rotation reversible drums for winding the rope used for ro-
power controlled lowering - a system or device in the tating or swinging a bull wheelof a boom supporting
power train, other than the load hoist brake, which structure
cancontrol the loweringspeed of the loadhoist switch - a device for making, breaking, or changing
mechanism the connections in an electric circuit
qualified person - a person who, by possession of a switch, limit - a switchthat is operated by some part
recognizeddegree or certificate of professional of a power driven machineor equipment to alter the
standing, or who, by extensive knowledge, training, electric circuit associated withthe machine or equip-
andexperience,hassuccessfully demonstrated the ment
ability to solve or resolve problems relating to the switch, main - a switch controlling the entire power
subject matter and work supply to the hoist
ratchet - a toothed member, attached to or part of tackle - an assembly of ropes and sheaves arranged
the drum, for engagement with the pawl for lifting, lowering, and pulling
rated rope pull - (also known as rated line pull) the winch head - (also known asgypsy head) a rotatable
manufacturers recommended load in pounds (kilo- cylindrical drum with curved end flanges, used for
grams) appliedto the rope attached to the hoist drum load handlingby means of fiber rope coiled about its
reeving - aropesysteminwhich the rope travels barrel with hand tension applied to the nonload end
around drums and sheaves
repetitive pickup point - when operating on a short
cycle operation, the rope being usedon a single layer
and beingspooledrepetitively Over a short portion Section 7-03 - References to Other Codes and (94)
of the drum Standards (a)
rope - refers to wire rope unless otherwise specified Within the text, reference ismade to the following
rope, rotation resktant - a wire rope consisting of an publications, copies of which may be obtained from
inner layer of strands laid in one direction covered the publishers as indicated. Copies of American Na-
by a layer of strands laid in the opposite direction; tional Standards may also be obtainedfrom the
this has the effect of counteracting torque by reduc- American NationalStandards Institute, Inc., 11West
ing the tendency of the finished rope to rotate 42nd Street, 13 fl, New York, N Y 10036.

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


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ASME B3017A 9 5 m 0759670 0565b09 L9T

BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME B30.7a-1995

S A E J983 (Oct. SO), Recommended Practice: Crane ASME Order Department


and Cable Excavator Basic Operating Control Ar- 22 Law Drive
rangements Box 2300
Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. Fairfield, NJ 07007-2300
400 Commonwealth Drive
Warrendale, PA 15096

ANSIIAWS D14.3-1982, Specification for Welding


Earthmoving and Construction Equipment
ANSI A10.4-1990, Safety Requirements for Work-
Publisher: American Welding Society mens Hoists
550 N.W. LeJeune Road ANSI A10.5-1992, Safety Requirements for Material
Miami, FL 33135 Hoists
ANSI 226.1-1983, SafetyCode for SafetyGlazing
ASME B30.6-1984, Derricks (ANWASME B30.6- Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles Operating on
1984) Land Highways
Publisher: The American Society of Mechanical Publisher: American National Standards Institute,
Engineers Inc.
345 East 47th Street 11 West 42nd Street, 13 fl
New York, NY 10017-2392 New York, NY 10036

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME B30.7a-1995 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

Prime mover
(internal combustion
engine shown)

LBrake cylinder

FIG. 1 THREE-DRUM BASE MOUNTED HOIST WITH ATTACHED SWINGER

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME B30.7a-1995

CHAPTER 7-2
Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance

Section 7-2.1 - Inspection ically indicated below, including observations during


operation for wear or damage which might appear
(a) (u) InitialInspection. Prior to initialuse,all new, between regular inspections. Any deficiencies, such
reinstalled, altered or modified, hoists shall be in-
as listed below, shall be carefully examined, and a
spected by a designated person to verify compliance
determinationmade by a qualifiedpersonas to
with the applicable provisions of this Volume.
whether they constitute a hazard:
(b) Inspection procedure for hoists in regular ser- (u) all control mechanisms for maladjustment or
vice is divided into two general classifications based
excessive wear interfering with proper operation;
upon the intervals at which inspection should be per- (b) all limit switches or limiting devices for mal-
formed. The intervals in turn are dependent upon
function at the beginning of each work shift;
the nature of the critical components of the hoists (c) deterioration or leakage inair or hydraulic sys-
and the degree of their exposure to wear, deterio-
tems;
ration, or malfunction. The two generalclassifica- (d) load carrying ropes (visual inspection dailyfor
tions are designated as fiequent and periodic with excessive wear and distortion);
respective intervals between inspections as defined (e) electrical apparatus for malfunctioning, signs
below. of excessive deterioration, and dirt and moisture ac-
(1) Frequent Inspection. Visual examinations by
cumulation.
the operator or other designated personnel with rec-
ords not required.
(u) Normal service - monthly 7-2.1.2 PeriodicInspection. Completeinspec-
(b) Heavy service - weekly to monthly tions of the hoist shall be performed at intervals as
(c) Severe service - daily to weekly defined in para. 7-2.1(b)(2). Any deficiencies, such
(d) Special or infrequent service - recom- as listed below, shallbe examined and determination
mended by a qualified individual before and after made as to whether they constitute a hazard. These
each occurrence inspections shall include the requirements of para.
(2) Periodic Inspection. Visual inspection by an 7-2.1.1 and, in addition, items such as the following:
(u) deformed, cracked, or corroded members;
appointed person making records of apparent exter-
(6) loose bolts or rivets;
nal conditions to provide the basis for a continuing
evaluation. (c) cracked or worn drums or sheaves;
(u) Normal service - equipment in place - (d) worn, cracked, or distorted parts such as pins,
yearly bearings,shafts,gears,rollers, and locking and
(6) Heavy service - equipmentinplace - clamping devices;
yearly (e) excessive wear distortion or damage on brake
(c) Severeservice - equipment in place - and clutch systemparts and linings, and on pawls and
quarterly ratchets;
(d) Specialor infrequent service authorized (f) gasoline, diesel, electric,or other power plants
by a qualified person beforethe first such occurrence for improper performance and noncompliance with
and as directed by the qualified person for any sub- applicable safety requirements;
sequent occurrences. (g) excessive wear of chain drive sprockets and ex-
cessive chain stretch;
7-2.1.1 FrequentInspection. Items such as the (h) electrical apparatus for contact pitting or any
following shall be inspected for wear or damage at deterioration of controller contactors, limit switches,
intervals as defined in para. 7-2.l(b)(l), oras specif- and push button stations;
15

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME B30-7A
95
0759b70
0565632
784 m

ASME B30.7a-1995 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

(i) foundations or supports for continued ability manufacturer, Test reports should be availableto ap-
to sustain the imposed loads. pointed personnel.
7-2.1.3 Hoists Not in Regular Use
( u ) A hoist which hasbeen idle for a period of one Section 7-2.3 - Maintenance
month or more, but less than six months, shall be 7-2.3.1 Preventive Maintenance
given an inspectionconformingwith the require- (u) A preventive maintenance program should be
ments of para. 7-2.1.1 before being placed in service. established based on the hoist manufacturers or a
(b) A hoist which has been idle for a period of qualified persons recommendations. Dated records
over six months shall be given a complete inspection should be available to appointed personnel.
conforming with the requirements of paras. 7-2.1.1, (b) Replacement parts shall be at least equal to
7-2.1.2, and 7-2.4.1(b). the original parts.
(c) Standby hoists shallbe inspected at least semi-
7-2.3.2 Maintenance Procedure
annually inaccordancewith the requirements of
(u) Before adjustments and repairs are started on
paras. 7-2.1.1 and 7-2.4.1(b).
a hoist, the following precautions shall be taken, as
(d) Standby hoists exposed to abnormal operating
applicable:
conditions should be inspected more frequentlythan
(I) if electricallypowered, the main or emer-
required in para. 7-2.1.3(c).
gency switch locked in the open position;
7-2.1.4 Inspection Records. Dated inspection re- (2) the power plant stopped or disconnected at
ports and records shall bemade on critical items such the takeoff;
as brakes and ropes. Dated records should be kept (3) power plant starting means rendered in-
where readily available to appointed personnel. operative;
(4) drum pawls engaged, or other means pro-
vided to prevent load ropes from inadvertently ro-
Section 7-2.2 - Testing tating the mechanism;
7-2.2.1 Operational Tests (5) warning or Out of Order signs placed on the
(u) Prior to initial use, all new and altered hoists hoist.
shall be tested to ensure compliance with this Stan- (b) After adjustments and repairs have been
dard, including the following functions: made, the hoist shall not be returned to service until
( I ) lifting and lowering on each drum allguardshave been reinstalled,limitingdevices
(2) swing reactivated, and maintenance equipment removed.
(3) operation of clutches, brakes, and pawls (c) Warning or Out of Order signs shall be placed
(4) operation of limit switches, and locking and or removed by appointed personnel.
safety devices when provided 7-2.3.3 Adjustments and Repairs
(b) The trip-setting of limit switches and limiting (u) Any hazardous condition disclosed by the in-
devices shall be determined by tests under no-load spection and requirements of Section 7-2.1 shall be
conditions. Tests shall be conducted first under slow corrected before operation of the hoist is resumed.
speed and then with increasing speeds up to maxi- Adjustments and repairs shall be done only by a des-
mum speed. Actuating mechanisms shall be located ignated person.
so that they will trip the switches or limiting devices (b) Adjustmentsshall be maintained to ensure
in time to stop motion without damage to any part correct functioning of components. The following are
of the hoisting arrangement. examples:
(c) All tie-downs shall be acceptable to a desig- (I) all functional operating mechanisms
nated person. (2) brakes, clutches, and pawls
7-2.2.2 Rated Line Pull Test. Prior to initial use, (3) power plants
all new, extensively repaired, or altered hoists shall (4) limit switches and other limiting devices
be tested by or under the direction of a designated (5) control systems
person, and a writtenreport furnished confirming the (6) foundations and other anchorages
rating of the hoist. Ratings shall not be more than (c) Repairs or replacementsshall be made as
90% of the maximum load sustained during the test. needed. The following are examples:
Test loadings shall not be more than 110% of the (I) all critical parts which are cracked, broken,
rated line pull unless otherwise recommended by the bent, or excessively worn;
16

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ASME B30.7A 95 W 0757670 0565613 bL0 m

BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME f330.7a-1995

(2) pitted or burned electrical contacts should posure to shockloads.Inspections need not be at
be corrected only by replacement and in sets; con- equal calendar intervals and should be more frequent
troller parts shouldbelubricatedonlyasrecom- as the rope approaches the endof its useful life. This
mended by the manufacturer or by a qualified inspection shall be made at least annually.
person. (2) Periodic inspections shall be performed by
a designated person. This inspection shall cover the
7-2.3.4 Lubrication entire length of rope. The individual outer wires in
(u) All moving parts of the hoist for which lubri- the strands of the rope shall be visibleto this person
cation is specified shouldbe regularly lubricated. Lu- during the inspection. Any deterioration resulting in
bricatingsystemsshould be checkedfor proper appreciableloss of original strength, such as de-
delivery of lubricant. Care should be taken to follow scribedbelow,shall be noted and determination
manufacturersrecommendationsas to points and made as to whether further useof the rope would
frequency of lubrication, levels,and type of lubricant constitute a hazard:
to be used. (a) points listed in para. 7-2.4.1(a);
(b) All rotatingmachineryshould be stopped, (b) reduction of rope diameter below nominal
wherefeasible,whilelubricants are beingapplied diameter due to loss of core support, internal or ex-
and protection provided as called for in paras. 7- ternal corrosion, or wear of outside wires;
2.3.2(a)(1)-(4), unless equipped for automatic or re- (c) severely corroded or broken wires at end
mote lubrication, connections;
(d) severely corroded, cracked, bent, worn, or
improperly applied end connections.
Section 7-2.4 - Rope Inspection, Replacement, (3) Care shall be taken when inspecting sections
and Maintenance of rapid deterioration, such as the following:
7-2.4.1 Inspection (u) sections in contact with saddles, equalizer
(a) Frequent Inspection sheaves, or other sheaves where rope travel is lim-
(1) Running ropes in continuous service should ited;
be visually inspected once each working day. A visual (b) sections of the rope at or near terminal
inspectionshallconsist of observation ofall rope ends where corroded or broken wires may protrude.
which can be expected to be in use during the days (c) Rope Replacement
operations. These visual observations shouldbe con- (I) No preciserulescanbe given for determi- (a)
cerned with discovering damage, such as listed below, nation of the exact time for rope replacement, since
which may be a cause for removing the rope from many variablefactors are involved.Once a rope
service or for performing a more detailed examina- reaches any one of the specified removal criteria, it
tion [refer to para. 7-2.4.1(b)]: may be allowed to operate to the end of the work
( u ) distortion of the ropesuchaskinking, shift, based on the judgment of a qualified person.
crushing,unstranding,birdcaging,mainstranddis- The rope shall be replaced after that work shift, at
placement, or core protrusion; the end of the day, or at the latest time prior to the
(b) general corrosion; equipment being used by the next work shift.
(c) broken or cut strands; (2) Removal criteria for rope replacementshall (a)
(d) number, distribution, and typeofvisible be as follows:
broken wires [see para. 7-2.4.1(c) for further guid- (u) in running ropes, six randomly distributed
ance]. broken wires in one rope lay, or three broken wires
(2) Care shall be taken when inspecting sections in one strand in one rope lay;
of rapid deterioration such as flange points, crossover (b) one outerwire broken at thecontact point
points, and repetitive pickup points on drums. with the core of the rope which has worked its way
(b) Periodic Inspection out of the rope structure and protrudes or loops out
(I) The inspectionfrequencyshall bedeter- from the rope structure;
mined by a qualified person and shall be based on (c) wear of one-third the original diameter of
such factors as: expected rope life as determined by outside individual wires;
experience on the particular installation or similar (d) kinking, crushing, birdcaging,or any other
installations, severity of environment, percentage of damage resulting in distortion of the rope structure;
capacity lifts, frequency rates of operation, and ex- (e) evidence of heat damage from any cause;

17

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ASME B30.7a-1995 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

@ reductions from nominal diameter greater riodicinspectionshall be available to appointed


than those shown below: personnel. This report shall cover points of deterio-
ration listed in para. 7-2.4.1(b)(2).
Maximum Allowable (f) A long range inspection program should be es-
Reduction from Nominal
Rope Diameter Diameter tablishedandinclude records on examination of
ropes removed from serviceso that a relationship can
Up to 5/16 in. (8 mm) in. (0.4 mm) be established between visual observationand actual
in. (9.5 mm) to i, in. (13 mm) in. (0.8mm) condition of the internal structure.
in. (14.5 mm) to Y , in. (19 mm) in.(1.2 mm)
in. (22 mm) to 1% in. (29 mm) V16 in. (1.6 mm)

in. (32 mm) to 1% in. (38 mm) 3/32 in. (2.4 mm) 7-2.4.2 Rope Maintenance
(a) Rope shall be stored to preventdamageor
(g) in standing ropes, more than two broken deterioration.
wires in one rope lay in sections beyond end connec- (b) Unreeling or uncoiling of rope shall be done
tions, or more than one broken wire at an end con- as recommended by the rope manufacturer and with
nection. care to avoid kinking or inducing a twist.
(a) (3) Brokenwire
removal criteria cited
in
this (c) Before cutting rope, seizingsshallbeplaced
volume apply to wire rope operating on steel sheaves on each sideof the place where the rope is to be cut
and drums. The user shall contact the sheave, drum, to prevent unlaying of the strands.
or hoist manufacturer, or a qualified person, for bro- (d) During installation, care shall be exercised to
ken wire removalcriteria for wire ropesoperating on avoid dragging of the rope in dirt or around objects
sheaves and drums madeof material other than steel. which will scrape, nick, crush, or induce sharp bends
(4 (4) Replacement rope shall have strength rating in it.
at least as great as the original rope furnished by the (e) Rope shouldbe maintained in a well-lubri-
hoist manufacturer. Any deviation from the original cated condition. It is important that lubricant applied
size, grade, or construction shall be specified by a as part of a maintenance program shall be compatible
rope manufacturer, the hoist manufacturer, or a with the original lubricant, and to this end, the rope
qualified person. manufacturer should be consulted; lubricant applied
(d) Ropes on ho.& not in regular use. Ropes which shall be the type which does not hinder visual in-
have been idle for a period of a month or more due spection. Those sections of rope which are located
to shutdown or storage of a hoist on which they are over sheaves or othemise hidden during inspection
installed shall be given an inspection in accordance and maintenance procedures require special atten-
with para. 7-2.4.1(a) before they are placed in ser- tion when lubricating rope.The object of rope lubri-
vice. This inspection shall be for all types of deteri- cation is to reduce internal friction and to prevent
oration and shallbe performed by a designated corrosion.Periodicfieldlubrication is particularly
person whose approval shall be required for further important for rotation resistant rope.
use of the rope. @ When an operating rope shows greater wear at
(e) Inspection Records well-defined localized areas than on the remainder
( I ) Frequent Inspection. No records required. of the rope, rope life can beextended, in cases where
(2) Periodic Inspection.In order to establish data a reduced rope length is adequate, by cutting off a
as a basis for judging the proper time for replace- section at one end andthus shifting the wear to dif-
ment, a dated report of rope condition at each pe- ferent areas on the rope.

18

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h

ASME 630.7-1994
(REVISION OF ASME B30.7-1989)

Base Mounted
Drum Hoists

AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD


i

The American Society of


Mechanical Engineers

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
AN AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS,


HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

Base Mounted
Drum Hoists

ASME B30.7-I 994


(REVISION OF ASME 830.7-1 9891

The American Society of


Mechanical Engineers

345 East 47th Street, New York, N.Y. 10017

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
Date of Issuance: August 1;1994

The 1994 edition of this Standard is being issued with an automatic addenda
subscription service. The use of an addenda allows revisions made in re-
sponse to public review comments or committee actions to be published on
a regular yearly basis; revisions published in addenda will become effective
1 year after the Date of Issuance of the addenda. The next edition of this
Standard is scheduled for publication in 1999.

ASME issues written replies to inquiries concerning interpretationsof technical


aspects of this Standard. The interpretations will be included with the above
addenda service. Interpretations are not part of the addenda to the Standard.

ASME is the registered trademark of The American Society of MechanicalEngineers.

This code or standard was developed under procedures accredited as meeting the criteria for
American National Standards. The Consensus Committee that approved the code or standard
was balanced to assure that individuals from competent and concerned interests have had an
opportunity to participate. The proposed codeor standard was made available for public review
and comment which providesan opportunity for additional public input from industry, academia,
regulatory agencies, and the public-at-large.
ASME does not "approve," "rate," or "endorse" any item, construction, proprietary device, or
activity.
ASME does not take any position with respect to the validity of any patent rights asserted in
connection with any items mentioned in this document, and does not undertake to insure anyone
utilizing a standardagainst liability for infringement ofany applicable Letters Patent, nor assume
any such liability. Users of a code or standard are expressly advised that determination of the
validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement ofsuch rights, is entirely their own
responsibility.
Participation by federal agency representative(s) or person(s) affiliated with industry is not to
be interpreted as government or industry endorsement of this code or standard.
ASME accepts responsibility for only those interpretations issued accordance
in with governing
ASME procedures and policies which preclude theissuance of interpretationsby individual vol-
unteers.

No part of this document may be reproducedin any form,


in an electronic retrieval system or otherwise,
without the prior written permission of the publisher.

Copyright O 1994 by
THEAMERICANSOCIETY OF MECHANICALENGINEERS
All Rights Reserved
Printed in U.S.A.

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FOREWORD

(This Foreword is not part of ASME 830.7-1994.)

This American National Standard, Safety Standard for Cableways, Cranes, Derricks,
Hoists, Hooks, Jacks, and Slings, has been developed under the procedures accredited
by the American National Standards Institute (formerly the United States of America
Standards Institute). This Standard had its beginning in December 1916 when an eight-
page Code of Safety Standards for Cranes, prepared by an ASME Committee on the
Protection of Industrial Workers, was presented to the annualmeeting of the ASME.
Meetings and discussions regarding safety on cranes, derricks, and hoists were held
from 1920 to 1925, involving the ASME Safety Code Correlating Committee, the Asso-
ciation of Iron and Steel Electrical Engineers, the American Museum of Safety, the
American Engineering Standards Committee (later changed to American Standards As-
sociation and subsequently to the USA Standards Institute), Department of Labor -
State of New Jersey, Department of Labor and Industry - State of Pennsylvania, and
the Locomotive Crane ManufacturersAssociation. On June 11, 1925, the American En-
gineering Standards Committee approved the ASME Safety Code Correlating Commit-
tee's recommendation and authorizedthe project with the U.S. Department of the Navy,
Bureau of Yards and Docks, and ASME as sponsors.
In March 1926, invitations were issued to 50 organizations to appoint representatives
to a Sectional Committee. The call for organization of this Sectional Committee was sent
out October 2, 1926, and the committee organized November 4, 1926, with 57 members
representing 29 national organizations. The Safety Code for Cranes, Derricks, and Hoists,
ASA B30.2-1943, was created from the eight-page document referred to in the first
paragraph. This document was reaffirmed in 1952 and widely accepted as a safety stan-
dard.
Due to changes in design, advancement in techniques, and general interest of labor
and industry in safety, the Sectional Committee, under the joint sponsorship of ASME
and the Naval Facilities Engineering Command, U.S. Department of the Navy, was re-
organized as an American National Standards Committee on January 31, 1962, with 39
members representing 27 national organizations.
The format of the previous code was changed so that separatevolumes (each complete
as to construction and installation; inspection, testing, and maintenance; and operation)
would cover the different types of equipment included in the scope of B30.
In 1982, the Committee was reorganized as an Accredited Organization Committee,
operating under procedures developed by ASME and accredited by the American Na-
tional Standards Institute.
This Standard presents a coordinated set of rules that may serve as a guide to govern-
ment and other regulatory bodies and municipal authorities responsible for the guarding
and inspection of the equipment falling within its scope. The suggestions leading to
accident prevention are given both as mandatory and advisory provisions; compliance
with both types may be required by employers of their employees.
In case of practical difficulties, new developments, or unnecessary hardship, the ad-
ministrative or regulatory authority may grant variances from the literal requirementsor

iii

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permit the use of other devices or methods, but only when it is clearly evident that an
equivalent degree of protection is thereby secured. To secure uniform application and
interpretation of this Standard, administrative or regulatory authorities are urged to
consult the B30 Committee, in accordance with the formatdescribed in Section III, before
rendering decisions on disputed points.
This volume of the Standard,which wasapproved by.the B30 Committee and by ASME,
was approved by ANSI and designated as an American National Standard on May 12,
1994.
Safety codes and standards are intended to enhance public safety. Revisions result
from committee consideration of factors such as technological advances, new data, and
changing environmental and industry needs. Revisions do not imply that previous editions
were inadequate.

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ASME B30 COMMllTEE
Safety Standards for Cableways, Cranes, Derricks,
Hoists, Hooks, Jacks, and Slings

(The following is a roster of the Committee at the time of approval of this Standard.)

OFFICERS
P. S. Zorich, Chairman
A. R. Toth, Vice Chairman
J. Pang, Secretary

COMMITTEE PERSONNEL*
ALLIANCE OF AMERICAN INSURERS
T. A. Christensen, Liberty Mutual Insurance Co.

AMERICAN FOUNDRYMENS SOCIETY


W. M. Weaver, Jr.

ASSOCIATED GENERAL CONTRACTORS OF AMERICA


C. L. Huneycutt, Jones Group, Inc.

ASSOCIATED WIRE ROPE FABRICATORS


D. Sayenga, Associated Wire Rope Fabricators
D. J. Bishop, Alternate, Bishop Lifting Products, Inc.

ASSOCIATION OF CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT MANAGERS


H. E. Livermore, Bechtel Leasing Services, Inc.
J. C. Ryan, Alternate, Boh Bros. Construction Co.

ASSOCIATION OF IRON AND STEEL ENGINEERS


C. A. Totten, Bethlehem Steel Corp.
J. W. Rowland, Alternate, Bethlehem Steel Corp.

EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS INSTITUTE


D. N. Wolff, National Crane Corp.
J. H. Crowley, Alternate, Equipment Manufacturers Institute

FORGING INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION


G. F. Hoffa, Columbus McKinnon Corp.
E. K. Marburg, Alternate, Columbus McKinnon Corp.
INTERNATIONAL UNIONOF OPERATING ENGINEERS
W. J. Smith, Jr. International Union of Operating Engineers
S. C. Buck, Alternate, International Union of Operating Engineers

MONORAIL MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION


D. R. Price, TC/American Monorail
MOTOR VEHICLE MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
R. W. Parry, General Motors Corp.
V

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NATIONAL CONSTRUCTORS ASSOCIATION
M. Ernhart, Leonard Construction Co.
R. D. Miller, Alternate, Fluor Constructors, Inc.

NATIONAL ERECTORS ASSOCIATION


B. E. Weir, Jr., Norris Brothers Co., Inc. .
J. A. Conant, Alternate, Conant Crane Rental Co.

POWER, CRANE, AND SHOVEL ASSOCIATION BUREAU OF THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY


MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION (CIMA)
N. C. Hargreaves, Terex Corp.
D. G. Quinn, Alternate, FMC Construction Equipment Corp.

SPECIALIZED CARRIERS AND RIGGING ASSOCIATION


H. I.Shapiro, Howard 1. Shapiro & Associates
8. DeBenedictis, Alternate, Bob DeBenedictis, Inc.

STEEL PLATE FABRICATORS ASSOCIATION


D. W. Langlinais, Chicago Bridge & Iron Co.
W. Romsos, Alternate, Brown-Minneapolis Tank

US DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY


E. E. Rudy, Department of Defense, US Army

INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS
R. J. Bolen, E. 1. du Pont de Nemours& Co.
B.D. Closson, North American Crane Bureau West
T. L. Blanton, Alternate, North American Crane Bureau
J. W. Downs, Jr., Downs Crane & Hoist Co., Inc.
K. J. Chlad, Alternate, Material Handling Crane Systems, Inc.
J. L. Franks, South Carolina State Port Authority
J. J. Headley, Crane Institute of America, Inc.
J. D. Heppner, Liftex, Inc.
R. A. Hoff, 3M Co.
G. H. O'Gary, Alternate, 3M Co.
C. W. Ireland, Amclyde Engineered Products
L. S.Johnson, American Equipment Co., Inc.
J. M. Klibert, Lift-All Co., Inc.
H.G. Leidich, Ingersoll-Rand Co.
T. S. McKosky, Consultant
L. D. Means, Wire Rope Corp. of America, Inc.
D. A. Henninger, Alternate, Paulsen Wire Rope Corp.
R.R. Reisinger, FKI Industries, Inc.
R. F. Sauger, US Department of Labor - OSHA
P. L. Rossi, Alternate, US Department of Labor - OSHA
A. R. Toth, Harnischfeger Industries, Inc.
D.B. Gamble, Alternate, Harnischfeger Industries, Inc.
R.C. Wild, US Army Corps of Engineers
R. E. Scott, Alternate, US Army Corps of Engineers
P. S. Zorich, North American Crane Bureau, Mid-Atlantic

members, were nominated by


*The members listed, except for those listed under the heading for individual
their respective organizations.

vi

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ASME 830.7-1994,
SUMMARY OF CHANGES

The 1994 Edition of ASME B30.7 includes editorial changes, revisions, and corrections introduced
in B30.7a-1991, B30.7b-1992, and B30.7~-1993,as well as the following changes, identified by (94):

Page Location Change


vi v, Personnel Updated
ix, x Contents Updated
1 Introduction Under General, B30.4 title revised
6 7-0.3 References to ASME Standards corrected
by Errata
12 7-1.2.6(c) Note Reference to ASME Standard corrected by
Errata
19 7-3.1.2(~) Revised

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CONTENTS .

Foreword ............................................................................... iii


B30 Standards Committee Roster .................................................... V
ASME B30.7-1994 Summary of Changes ............................................. vii

Introduction
General ..................................................................... 1
Section I Scope ............................................................... 2
Section II Purpose ........................................................... 2
Section III Interpretations .................................................... 2
Section IV New and Existing Installations ................................... 3
Section V Mandatory and Advisory Rules .................................. 3
Section VI Metric Conversions ............................................... 3

Chapter 7-0 Scope. Definitions. and References


Section 7-0.1 Scope of B30.7 .................................................... 5
Section 7-0.2 Definitions ............. ..........................................
.I 5
Section 7-0.3 References to Other Codes and Standards ..................... 6

Chapter 7-1 Construction and Installation


Section 7-1.1 Load Ratings and Markings ...................................... 11
Section 7-1.2 Construction ...................................................... 11
Section 7-1.3 Installation ........................................................ 13

Chapter 7-2 Inspection. Testing. and Maintenance


Section 7-2.1 Inspection ......................................................... 15
Section 7-2.2 Testing ............................................................ 16
Section 7-2.3 Maintenance ...................................................... 16
Section 7-2.4 Rope Inspection. Replacement. and
Maintenance ................................................... 17

Chapter 7-3 Operation


Section 7-3.1 Qualifications for and Conduct of Operators and
Operating Practices ............................................ 19
Section 7-3.2 Handlingthebad ............................................... 20
Section 7-3.3 Signals ............................................................ 21
Section 7-3.4 Miscellaneous ..................................................... 21

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Figures
1 Three-Drum Base Mounted Hoist with Attached
Swinger ......................................................... 8
2 Independent Direct Geared Swinger or Single-
Drum Hoist .................................................... 9
3 Single-DrumBaseMountedHoist ................................ 10
4 StandardHandSignalsfr Hoist Operation .................... 22

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ASME 830.7-1994

SAFETY STANDARD FOR CABLEWAYS, CRANES, DERRICKS,


HOISTS, HOOKS, JACKS, AND SLINGS

INTRODUCTION

General B30.18 Stacker Cranes (Top or Under Running


This Standard is one of a series of safety standards Bridge, Multiple Girder With Topor
on various subjects which have been formulated un- Under Running Trolley Hoist)
der the general auspices of the American National B30.19
Cableways
Standards Institute. One purposeof the Standard is B30.20 Below-the-HookLiftingDevices
to serve as a guide to governmental authorities hav- B30.21 ManuallyLever Operated Hoists
ing jurisdiction over subjects within the scope of the B30.22 Articulating Boom Cranes
Standard. It is expected, however, that the Standard B30.23 Personnel Lifting'
will find a major application in industry, serving as a B30.24 Container Cranes'
guide to manufacturers, purchasers, and users of the If adopted forgovernmental use, the references to
equipment. other national codes and standards in the specific
(94) For the convenience of the user, the Standard has volumes may be changed to refer to the correspond-
been divided into separate volumes: ing regulations of the governmental authorities.
B30.1 Jacks The use of cableways, cranes, derricks, hoists,
B30.2 Overhead and GantryCranes
(Top hooks, jacks, and slings is subject to certain hazards
Running Bridge, Singleor Multiple Gir- that cannot bemet by mechanical means but only by
der, Top Running Trolley Hoist) the exercise of intelligence, care, and common sense.
B30.3 Hammerhead Tower Cranes It is therefore essential to have personnel involved
B30.4 Portal, Tower, and Pedestal Cranes in the use and operation of equipment who are com-
B30.5 Mobile and Locomotive Cranes petent, careful, physically and mentally qualified, and
B30.6 Derricks trained in the safe operation of the equipment and
B30.7 Base Mounted Drum Hoists the handling of the loads. Serious hazards are over-
B30.8 Floating Cranes and Floating Derricks loading, dropping or slipping of the load caused by
B30.9 Slings improper hitching or slinging, obstructing the free
B30.10 Hooks passage of the load, and using equipment for a pur-
B30.11 Monorails and Underhung Cranes pose for which it was not intended or designed.
B30.12 Handling Loads Suspended From Ro- The Standards Committee fully realizes the im-
torcraft portance of proper design factors, minimum or max-
B30.13 StorageBetrieval ( S B ) Machines and imum sizes, and other limiting dimensions of wire
Associated Equipment rope or chain and their fastenings, sheaves, sprock-
B30.14 Side Boom Tractors ets, drums, and similar equipment covered by the
B30.15 Mobile Hydraulic Cranes Standard, all of which are closely connected with
Note: B30.15-1973 has been withdrawn. safety. Sizes, strengths, and similar criteria are de-
The revision of B30.15 is included in the pendent onmany different factors, often varying with
latest edition of B30.5 the installation and uses. These factors depend on
B30.16 Overhead Hoists (Underhung) the condition of the equipment or material; on the
B30.17 Overhead and GantryCranes
(Top
Running Bridge, Single Girder, Under-
hung Hoist) 'B30.23 and B30.24 are in the development stage.
1

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ASME B30.7-1994 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

loads; on the acceleration or speed of the ropes, and property by prescribing safety requirements;
chains, sheaves, sprockets, or drums; on the type of (b) provide direction to owners, employers, super-
attachments; on the number, size, and arrangement visors, and others concerned with, or responsible for,
of sheaves or other parts; on environmental condi- its application; and
tions causing corrosion or wear; and on many vari- (c) guide governments and otherregulatory bodies
ables that must be considered in each individual case. in the development, promulgation, and enforcement
The rules given in the Standard must be interpreted of appropriate safety directives.
accordingly, and judgment used in determining their
application.
The Standards Committee will be glad to receive
criticisms of this Standards requirements and sug-
gestions for its improvement, especially those based
on actual experience in application of the rules. Section 111 - Interpretations
Suggestions for changes to the Standard should be
submitted to the Secretary of the B30 Committee, Upon request, the B30 Committee will render an
ASME, 345 East 47th Street, New York, NY 10017, interpretation of any requirement of the Standard.
and should be in accordance with the following for- Interpretations can only be rendered in response to
mat: a written request sent to the Secretary of the B30
(a) cite the specific paragraph designation of the Committee, ASME, 345 East 47th Street, New York,
pertinent volume; NY 10017.
(b) indicate the suggested change (addition, dele- The request for interpretation should be clear and
tion, revision, etc.); unambiguous. It is further recommended that thein-
(c) briefly state thereason and/or evidence for the
quirer submit his request utilizing the following for-
suggested change; mat.
(d) submitsuggested changes to more than one Subject: Cite
the applicable paragraph num-
paragraph in the order that the paragraphs appear ber(s) and provide a concise descrip-
in the volume. tion.
The B30 Committee will consider each suggested Edition: Citethe applicable edition of theper-
change in a timely manner in accordance with its tinent volume for which the interpre-
procedures. tation is being requested.
Question: Phrase the question as a request for an
Section I - Scope interpretation of a specific require-
ment suitable for general understand-
This Standard applies to the construction, instal- ing and use, notasarequestfor
lation,operation, inspection, andmaintenance of approval of a proprietarydesign or sit-
jacks; power-operated cranes, monorails, and crane uation. The inquirer may also include
runways; power-operated and manually operated any plans or drawings which are nec-
derricks and hoists; lifting devices, hooks,and slings; essary to explain the question; how-
and cableways. ever, they should notcontain any
This Standard does not apply to track and auto- proprietary names or information.
motive jacks, railwayor automobile wrecking cranes,
shipboard cranes, shipboard cargo-handling equip- Requests that are not in this format will be re-
ment, well-drilling derricks, skip hoists, mine hoists, written in this format by the Committee prior to
truck bodyhoists, car or barge pullers, conveyors, being answered, which couldchange the intent of the
excavating equipment, or equipment coming within original request.
the scope of the following Committees: Alo, A17, ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of
A90, A92, A120, B20, B56, and B77. any interpretation when or if additional information
which mightaffect an interpretationis available. Fur-
ther, persons aggrieved by an interpretation may ap-
Section II - Purpose peal tothe cognizant ASME Committee or
This Standard is designed to: Subcommittee. ASME does notapprove, certify,
(a) guard against and minimize injury to workers, rate, or endorseany item, construction, proprie-
and otherwise provide for the protectionof life, limb, tary device, or activity.

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BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME 830.7-1994

Section IV - New and Existing Installations the current requirementshall be evaluated by a qual-
ified person selected by the owner (user). Recom-
(a) Egective Date. The effective date of this vol- mended changes shall be made by the owner (user)
ume for the purpose of defining new and existing within 1 year.
installations shall be 1year after its date of issuance.
(b) New Installations. Construction, installation,
inspection, testing, maintenance, and operation of
equipment manufactured and facilities constructed Section V - Mandatory and Advisory Rules
after the effective date of this volume shall conform Mandatory rules of this volume are characterized
with the mandatory requirements of this volume. by use of the word shall. If a provision is of an ad-
(c) fikting Installations. Inspection, testing, main- visory nature, it is indicated by use of the word should
tenance, and operation of equipment manufactured and is a recommendation to be considered, the ad-
and facilities constructed prior to the effective date visability of which depends on the facts in each sit-
of this volume shall be done, as applicable, in ac- uation.
cordance with the requirements of this volume.
It is not the intent of this volume to require retro-
fitting of existing equipment. However, when an item
is being modified, its performance requirement shall
Section VI - Metric Conversions
be reviewed relative to the current volume. If the The values stated in US customary units are to be
performance differs substantially, the need to meet regarded as the standard.

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BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME B30.7-1994

BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

CHAPTER 7-0
Scope, Definitions, and References

Section 7-0.1 - Scope of 630.7 clutch - a means for engagement or disengagement


Within thegeneral scope defined in Section I, of power
B30.7 applies to base mounted drum hoists arranged crossoverpoints - in multiple layer spooling of rope
for mounting on a foundation or other supporting on a drum, those points of rope contact where the
structurefor lifting or loweringloads, to derrick rope crosses the preceding rope layer
swingers, and to any variations which retain thesame derrick - an apparatus for lifting or lowering loads
fundamental characteristics. The scope includes consisting of a mast or equivalent member held at
hoists which are powered by internal combustion en- the head by guys or braces, with or without a boom,
gines, electric motors, compressed air, or hydraulics, for use with hoists and ropes
and which utilize drums and rope. This volume does designated - selected or assigned by the employer or
not apply to overhead hoists, car pullers, barge pull- the employer's representative as being competent to
ers, truck body hoists,or otherhoists or winches used perform specific duties
exclusively in horizontal pulling applications. drum - the cylindrical member around which rope
Provisions of this volume do not encompass all of is wound for lifting or loweringthe load or boom, or
the safety precautions and safeguards applicable swinging the boom supporting structure
when hoist loads consist wholly, or in part, of per-
drum capacity, rope - the length of a specific diam-
sonnel. For personnel handling hoists refer to ANSI eter of rope which can be wound on a drum
A10.4. When base mounted drum hoists are used as
an integral part of other lifting equipment, this Stan- dynamic loading - loads introduced into themachine
or its components by forces in motion
dard may not apply.
exposed - applies to hazardous objects not guarded
or isolated (capable of being contacted inadvertently)
Section 7-0.2 - Definitions eye splice - an eye formed at the end of a rope by
splicing the dead end intothe live end at the base of
administrative or regdatory authority - governmental the eye
agency, or the employer in the absence of govern-
frange point - a point of contact between rope and
mental jurisdiction
drum flange where the rope changes layers
appointed - assigned specific responsibilities by the
employer or the employer's representative gantry - (also known asA-frame) a structural frame,
extending above a base structure, towhich boomsup-
authorized - appointed by a duly constituted admin-
port ropes are reeved
istrative or regulatory authority
hoist - a power driven drum or drums capable of
base - the mounting flanges or feet for attachment
lifting and lowering loads
of a hoist to its supporting structureor foundation
boom - a member hinged to afixed or rotating struc- hoist, direct geared - a hoist with one drum(s) geared
ture or to derrick
a mast, withits outer end supported directly to its power source
by ropes leading to a gantry or A-frame, or derrick hoist, drum - a hoist with hoistingdrum(s), andwith
mast top or otheranchorage, and used for supporting or without a swinger
the hoisting tackle hoist, fiction drum - a hoist with drum(s) controlled
brake - a device used for retarding or stopping mo- by friction clutches and brakes and provided with
tion by friction or power means drum ratchets and pawls
5

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ASME 830.7-1994 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

limiting device - a mechanical device that is operated service,normal - that distributed service which in-
by some part of a power driven machine or equip- volves operation withrandomly distributed loads
ment to control motions of the machine or equipment within the ratedload limit,or uniform loads less than
load block - the assembly of hook or shackle, swivel, 65% of rated load for not more than 25% of the time
.bearings, sheaves, pins, and frame suspendedby the service, heavy - that service which involvesoperation
hoisting ropes within the rated load limit which exceeds normal ser-
load, working - the external load, in pounds (kilo- vice
grams) or short tons (metric tons), applied to a hoist, service, severe - that service which involves normal
including the weight of auxiliaryload attaching or heavy service with abnormal operating conditions
equipment spooling,rope - winding of ropeona cylindrical
must - the upright member of a derrick drum in evenly spaced, uniform layers
material elevator - a mechanism consistingof a tower swing - rotating of a boom structure for movement
with vertical members which guide a platform that is of loads in a horizontal arc about theaxis of rotation
lifted and lowered by means of a hoist swingers, attached - a reversible drum unit arranged
Operating conditions, abnormal - environmental con- to rotate or swing a derrick mast and boom, or some
ditions that are unfavorable, harmful, or detrimental other structure which supports a load lifting or low-
to orfor the operationof a base mounted drum hoist, ering boom and which is attached to andreceives its
suchas excessivelyhigh or low ambient tempera- power from a hoist
tures, exposure to adverse weather, corrosive fumes, swingers, independent - a unit directly geared to its
dust laden or moisture laden atmospheres, and haz- own power for rotating or swinging a derrick mast
ardous locations and boom
pawl - (also known as dog) a device for positively swingers,rope - a unit provided with one or two
holding machinery against undesired rotation reversible drums for winding the rope used for ro-
power controlled lowering - a system or device in the tating orswinging a bull wheel of a boom supporting
power train, other than the load hoist brake, which structure
can control the lowering speed of the load hoist switch - a device for making, breaking, or changing
mechanism the connections in an electric circuit
qualified person - a person who, by possession of a switch, limit - a switch that is operated by some part
recognized degree or certificate of professional of a power driven machine or equipment to alterthe
standing, or who, by extensive knowledge, training, electric circuit associated with the machine or equip-
and experience, has successfully demonstrated the ment
ability to solve or resolve problems relating to the switch, main - a switch controlling the entire power
subject matter and work supply to the hoist
ratchet - a toothed member, attached to or part of tackle - an assembly of ropes and sheaves arranged
the drum, for engagement with the pawl for lifting, lowering, and pulling
rated rope pull - (also known as rated line pull) the winch head - (also known as gypsy head) a rotatable
manufacturer's recommended load in pounds (kilo- cylindrical drum with curved end flanges, used for
grams) applied to therope attached to the hoist drum load handling by means of fiber ropecoiled about its
reeving - a rope system in which the rope travels barrel with hand tension applied to the nonload end
around drums and sheaves
repetitive pickup point - when operating on a short
cycle operation, the rope being used on asingle layer
and being spooled repetitively over a short portion Section 7-0.3 - References to OtherCodes and (94)
of the drum Standards
rope - refers to wire rope unless otherwise specified Within the text, reference is made to the following
rope, rotation resistant - a wire rope consisting of an publications, copies of which may be obtained from
inner layer of strands laid in one direction covered the publishers as indicated. Copies of American Na-
by a layer of strands laid in the opposite direction; tionalStandards may also beobtained from the
this has the effect of counteracting torqueby reduc- American National Standards Institute,Inc., 11West
ing the tendency of the finished rope to rotate 42nd Street, 13 fl, New York, NY 10036.

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BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME 630.7-1994

SAE J983 (Oct. 801, Recommended Practice: Crane ASME Order Department
and Cable Excavator Basic Operating Control Ar- 22 Law Drive
rangements Box 2300
Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. Fairfield, NJ 07007-2300
400 Commonwealth Drive
Warrendale, PA 15096

ANSIIAWSD14.3-1982, Specification for Welding


Earthmoving and Construction Equipment
ANSI A10.4-1981, Safety Requirements for Work-
Publisher: American Welding Society men's Hoists
550 N.W. LeJeune Road ANSI A10.5-1981, SafetyRequirements for Material
Miami, FL 33135 Hoists
ANSI 226.1-1983,Safety Code for Safety Glazing
ASMEB30.6-1984, Derricks (ANSUASMEB30.6- Materials for Glazing Motor Vehicles Operating on
1984) Land Highways
Publisher: The American Society of Mechanical Publisher: American National Standards Institute,
Engineers Inc.
345 East 47th Street 11 West 42nd Street, 13 fl
New York, NY 10017-2392 New York, NY 10036

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ASME 830.7-1994 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

Prime mover
(internal combustion
engine shown)

LBrake cylinder

FIG. 1 THREE-DRUM BASE MOUNTEDHOISTWITH ATTACHED SWINGER -

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BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME B30.7-1994

Drum - shown)

Brake

FIG. 2 INDEPENDENT DIRECT GEARED SWINGER OR SINGLE-DRUM HOIST

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ASME 830.7-1994 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

FIG. 3 SINGLE-DRUM BASE MOUNTED HOIST

10

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BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME B30.7-1994

CHAPTER 7-1 .

Construction and Installation

Section 7-1.1 - Load Ratings and Markings (c) The drum capacity shall accommodate the rec-
ommended rope size and length necessary to perform
7-1.1.1 Basis. Hoist ratings are dependent upon
the specified function required for theload-handling
such factors as applied power, amount of rope wound
equipment with which the hoist is used.
on the drum, drum size, and structural competence
(1) No less than two fullwraps of rope shall
of the various hoist components and mounting meth-
remain on the drum with the tackle system of the
ods.
load-handling equipment extended to its maximum
7-1.1.2 Load Ratings. Load ratings shall be the reach.
manufacturer's recommended single rope pull in (2) Each drum end of therope shall bean-
pounds (kilograms) at a specified rate of speed on a chored by a clamp attached to the drum, or by a
given size drum and prescribed number of layers of socket arrangement approved by the hoist or rope
rope. manufacturer, providing for attachment of rope to
the drum.
7-1.1.3 Markings. Hoists are to be marked with
(3) Drum flanges shall extend a minimum of V 2
the following identifications for each drum:
in. (13 mm) over the top layer of rope at all times.
(a) load rating
(d) Diameter of the drum shall provide first layer
(b) drum size consisting of barrel diameter, barrel
rope pitch diameter of not less than the following:
length, and flange diameter
(1) 18 times the nominal diameter of the rope
(c) rope size(s)
used for service such as lifting or lowering a load
(d) rope speedin feet per minute (meters per sec-
ond) (hoisting);
(e) rated power supply (2) 15 times the nominal diameter of the rope
used for service such as raising or lowering a boom
(booming);
Section 7-1.2 - Construction (3) 15 times the nominal diameter of the rope
used for service such as barge anchor handling;
7-1.2.1 General. Hoists shall be designed and con-
(4) 15 times the nominal diameter of the rope
structed tomeet all stresses imposed on their frames
and components under normal operating conditions used for swingers.
when properly installed and with handling loads not (e) Drums whichhold items such as loads and
exceeding the manufacturer's load ratings. Welding booms suspended for a considerable time shall be
shall conform to recommended practices of ANSI/ provided with a ratchet andpawl or equivalent hold-
AWS D14.3. ing means, other than a brake, which shall be oper-
able from the operator's station.
7-1.2.2 Hoist and Swinger Mechanisms e) All hoist and swing drivesshould be capableof
(a) Drum assemblies shall be provided with power starts and stops with variable acceleration and de-
and operational characteristics to perform all lifting, celeration required in normal operation.
lowering, and swinging functions when operated at
rated load. 7-1.2.3 Brakes
(b) Where maximum rated loads are being low- (a) Each load hoist mechanism shall be equipped
ered for long distances, power controlled lowering with at least one brake having a torque rating not
usuallyisnecessary to reduce the demand on the less than that produced by 125% of the maximum
brake. Additional cooling provisionsmay be required rated line pull at the point where the brake is ap-
on fluid transmissions or torque converters. plied. The maximum rated line pull at each rope
11

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ASME B30.7-1994 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

layer on thedrum shall be considered in determining less than two full wraps of rope on the drum at all
this rating. times.
(b) When power operated brakes having no con- (c) The design factor for ropes, except rotation
tinuous mechanical linkage between theactuating resistant ropes, shall be not less than 3.5. The design
and braking means are used for controlling loads, an factor for rotation resistant ropes shall be not less
automatic means shall be provided to prevent the than 5..[Thedesign factor of 5 or greater for rotation
load from falling in the event of loss of brake ac- resistant ropesmay be modified by the hoist user by
tuating power. complying with the provisions of para. 7-3.2.1(b).]
(c) When a hoist is to be operated from a remote
NOTE ASME B30.6 requiresaminimumdesignfactor of 3.51 (94)
location, a self-setting brake shall be provided to pre- for running ropes used with derricks.ANSI A10.5 requires a min-
vent drum rotation in the event of power failure. This imum design factor for ropes of 7:l.
requirement does not apply to hoists where brakes
(d) Wherever exposed to temperatures in excess
are manually applied through mechanical linkages
of 180F(82"C), rope having an independent wire
and the operator is at the control position.
rope or wire strand core, or other temperature dam-
(d) Foot operated brakes shall be constructed so
age-resistant core shall be used.
that the operator's foot will not easily slip off the
(e) The rope (right or left lay) should be selected
pedal.
in accordance with the drum rotation and anchorage,
(e) Swinger brakes shall haveholdingpower in
both directions to prevent movement of the rotating
7-1.2.7 Controls
member of the load-handling equipment. The brake
(a) All controls used during the normal operating
shall be capable of being set in the holding position
cycle shall be located within reach of the operator
and remaining so without attention on the part of the
operator. while at the operator's station. Arrangementof con-
trols should be in accordance with applicable re-
(f) A power control braking means (such as re-
generative, dynamic, countertorque braking, or quirements of S A E 5983.
(b) Electric motor operated hoists shall be pro-
power controlled lowering) or a mechanically con-
vided with a device which will disconnect all motors
trolled braking means shall be provided and shall be
from the line on failureof power, and will not permit
capable of maintaining controlled lowering speeds.
any motor to be restarteduntil the controller handle
7-1.2.4 Adjustments. Brakes and clutches shall
is brought to the ofs position, or a reset switch or
button is operated.
beprovidedwith adjustments where necessary to
(c) Electric motor operated hoists which are ca-
compensate for wear and to maintain tension in
pable of overspeeding the power plant on overhaul-
springs where used.
ing regenerative loads shall be provided with means
to prevent such overspeeding.
7-1.2.5 Guards
(a) Exposedmoving parts, such as gears, set
(d) Remote operated base mounted drum hoists
shall function so that if the control signal for any
screws, projecting keys, chains, chain sprockets, and
reciprocating or rotating parts, which might consti- hoist motion becomes ineffective, that hoist motion
shall stop.
tute a hazard under normal operating conditions,
shall be guarded.
(b) Guards shall be fastened. 7-1.2.8 Prime Mover Controls. Controls for op-
(c) Guards shall be capableof supporting, without erating the prime mover shall be within reach of the
permanent distortion, the weight of a 200 lb (90 kg) operator and shall include means to:
person unless the guardis located where it is unlikely (a) start and stop;
that a person will step on it. (b) control speed of internal combustion engines
or drive motors;
7-1.2.6 Ropes (c) stop two-cycle internal combustion engines or
(a) Ropes shall be of a size, grade, and construc- drive motors under emergency conditions;
tion to withstand the loads imposed. Fiber ropes may (d) shift selective transmissions when used.
be usedonlywith the manufacturer's or qualified
person's recommendations. 7-1.2.9 Control Forces and Movements. When
(b) Ropes shall be of a length for the entirerange a hoist is operated within the manufacturer's ratings,
of movement specified for the application, with no the following shall apply under normal operation.
12

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BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME 830.7-1994

(a) Forces not greater than35 lb (156 N) on hand (d) Cab lighting, either natural or artificial, shall
levers and forces not greater than 50 lb (222 N) or provide a level of illumination that enables the op-
less than 8 lb (36 N) on foot pedals. erator to observe the operating controls.
(b) Travel distance on hand levers notgreater (e) Whereinternal combustion engines arethe
than 14 in. (356 mm) from neutral position on two- prime mover for thehoists, the exhaust shall be piped
way levers, and not greater than24 in. (610 mm) on in such a manner that exhaust gases cannot enter
one-waylevers;travel distance on foot pedals not open windows of the cab, or be pulled into the cab
greater than 10 in. (254 mm). ventilating system, where such exists.
cf) The cab construction, when applicable, shall
7-1.2.10 Engine Clutch. All hoists except direct offer protection from falling objects. The protection
geared hoists shall be provided with a clutch for shall be at least equivalent to that provided by stan-
disengaging powerto themachinery. The clutch con- dard 2 in. (51 mm) lumber.
trol shall be within reach from the operators station. (g) The noise level at the operators station should
7-1.2.1 1 Electric Resistors be a consideration in the manufactureof all newbase
(a) Resistor units shall be supported to minimize mounted drum hoists.
vibration effect. 7-1.2.14 Lubrication. Lubricating points should
(b) Provision shall be made to prevent broken beaccessible without the necessity of removing
parts or molten metal from falling from the hoist. guards or other parts.
(c) If ventilated or nonventilated resistor enclo-
sures are provided, the enclosures shall be installed 7-1.2.15 Fire Extinguishers. A portable fire ex-
to prevent the accumulation of combustible matter. tinguisher with a basic minimum extinguisher rating
of 10 BC shall be installed in the cab or operators
7-1.2.12 Switches. On electric drivenhoists, a station.
motor circuit switch or circuit breaker of the enclosed
type with provisionsfor locking inopen position shall
be provided in the main power supply.
7-1.2.13 Operators Cab (When Provided) Section 7-1.3 - Installation
(a) If a cab is provided and windows are glazed, 7-1.3.1 Attachments and Anchorages. Attach-
.the windows shall be of safety glazing material as ments and anchorages for hoist bases shall provide
defined in ANSI 226.1. Windows shall be located to mounting of the hoist and shall be capable of with-
provide the operator withvisibilityinall required standing loads imposed by the hoist under operating
directions. Refer to ANSI 226.1.
conditions. The weight of the hoist and loads im-
(b) A clear passageway shall be provided from the
posed by the load ropes shall be provided for.
operators station to an exit door.
(c) Handholds or steps shall be provided to facil- 7-1.3.2 Location of Drum Hoists. Drum hoists
itate entrance to and exit from the cab, when nec- shall be located in a manner that provides proper
essary. rope spooling on the drums.

13

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~ ""- ~ ~~

ASME 830-7 94 m 0759670 0541694 354 m

BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME 630.7-1994

CHAPTER 7-2 .

Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance

Section 7-2.1 - Inspection ically indicated below, including observations during


operation for wear or damage which might appear
(a) Initial Inspection. Prior to initial use, all new, between regular inspections. Any deficiencies, such
reinstalled, altered or modified, hoists shall be in-
as listed below, shall be carefully examined, and a
spected by a designated person to ensurecompliance
determination made by a qualified person as to
with the applicable provisions of this Volume.
whether they constitute a hazard:
(b) Inspection procedure for hoists in regular ser-
(a) all control mechanisms for maladjustment or
vice is divided into two general classifications based
excessive wear interfering with proper operation;
upon the intervals at which inspection should be per-
(b) all limit switches or limiting devices for mal-
formed. The intervals in turn are dependent upon
function at the beginning of each work shift;
the nature of the critical components of the hoists
(c) deterioration orleakage in air or hydraulic sys-
and the degree of their exposure to wear, deterio-
tems;
ration, or malfunction. The two general classifica-
(d) load carrying ropes (visual inspection daily for
tions are designated as frequent and periodic with excessive wear and distortion);
respective intervals between inspections as defined (e) electrical apparatus for malfunctioning, signs
below. of excessive deterioration, and dirt andmoisture ac-
(1) Frequent Inspection. Visual examinations by
cumulation.
the operator or otherdesignated personnel with rec-
ords not required.
(a) Normal service - monthly 7-2.1.2 Periodic Inspection. Complete inspec-
(b) Heavy service - weekly to monthly tions of the hoist shall be performed at intervals as
(c) Severe service - daily to weekly defined in para. 7-2.1(b)(2). Any deficiencies, such
(d) Special orinfrequent service - recom- as listed below,shall be examined and determination
mended by a qualified individual before and after made as to whether they constitute a hazard. These
each occurrence inspections shall include the requirements of para.
(2) Periodic Inspection. Visual inspection by an 7-2.1.1 and, in addition, items such as the following:
appointed person making records of apparent exter- (a) deformed, cracked, or corroded members;
nal conditions to provide the basis for a continuing (6) loose bolts or rivets;
evaluation. (c) cracked or worn drums or sheaves;
(a) Normal service - equipment in place - (d) worn, cracked, or distorted parts such as pins,
yearly bearings, shafts, gears, rollers, and locking and
(6) Heavyservice - equipment in place - clamping devices;
yearly (e) excessive wear distortion or damage on brake
(c) Severe service - equipment in place - and clutch system parts andlinings, and onpawls and
quarterly ratchets;
(d) Special or infrequent service authorized cf) gasoline, diesel, electric, or other power plants
by a qualified person before the first such occurrence for improper performance and noncompliance with
and as directed by the qualified person for any sub- applicable safety requirements;
sequent occurrences. (g) excessive wearof chain drive sprockets andex-
cessive chain stretch;
7-2.1.1 Frequent Inspection. Items such as the (h) electrical apparatus for contact pitting or any
following shall be inspected for wear or damage at deterioration of controller contactors, limit switches,
intervals as defined in para. 7-2.l(b)(l), or as specif- and push button stations;
15

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ASME 830.7-1994 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

(i) foundations or supports for continued ability manufacturer. Test reportsshould be available to ap-
to sustain the imposed loads. pointed personnel.
7-2.1.3 Hoists Not in Regular Use
(u) A hoist which hasbeen idle for aperiod of one Section 7-2.3 - Maintenance
month or more, but less than six months, shall be 7-2.3.1 Preventive Maintenance
given an inspection conformingwith the require- (a) A preventive maintenance program should be
ments of para. 7-2.1.1 before being placed in service. established based on the hoist manufacturer's or a
(b) A hoist which has been idle for a period of qualified person's recommendations. Dated records
over six months shall be given a complete inspection should be available to appointed personnel.
conforming with the requirements of paras. 7-2.1.1, (b) Replacement parts shall be at least equal to
7-2.1.2, and 7-2.4.1(b). the original parts.
(c) Standby hoists shall be inspected at least semi-
annually in accordance with therequirements of 7-2.3.2 Maintenance Procedure
paras. 7-2.1.1 and 7-2.4.1(b). (a) Before adjustments and repairs are started on
(d) Standby hoists exposed to abnormal operating a hoist, the following precautions shall be taken, as
conditions should be inspected more frequently than applicable:
required in para. 7-2.1.3(c). (I) if electrically powered, the main or emer-
gency switch locked in the open position;
7-2.1.4 Inspection Records. Dated inspection re- (2) the power plant stopped or disconnected at
ports andrecords shall be made on critical items such the takeoff;
as brakes and ropes. Dated records should be kept (3) power plantstarting means rendered in-
where readily available to appointed personnel. operative;
(4) drum pawls engaged, or other means pro-
vided to prevent load ropes from inadvertently ro-
Section 7-2.2 - Testing tating the mechanism;
7-2.2.1 Operational Tests (5) warning or Out of Order signs placed on the
(a) Prior to initial use, all new and altered hoists hoist.
shall be tested to ensure compliance with this Stan- (b) After adjustments andrepairs have been
dard, including the following functions: made, the hoist shall not be returned to service until
( I ) lifting and lowering on each drum all guards have beenreinstalled, limitingdevices
(2) swing reactivated, and maintenance equipment removed.
(3) operation of clutches, brakes, and pawls (c) Warning or Out of Order signs shall be placed
(4) operation of limit switches, and locking and or removed by appointed personnel.
safety devices when provided 7-2.3.3 Adjustments and Repairs
(b) The trip-setting of limit switches and limiting (a) Any hazardous condition disclosed by the in-
devices shall be determined by tests under no-load spection and requirements of Section 7-2.1 shall be
conditions. Tests shall be conducted first under slow corrected before operation of the hoist is resumed.
speed and then with increasing speeds up to maxi- Adjustments and repairsshall be doneonly by a des-
mum speed. Actuating mechanisms shall be located ignated person.
so that they will trip the switches or limiting devices (b) Adjustments shall be maintained to ensure
in time to stop motion without damage to any part correct functioning of components. The following are
of the hoisting arrangement. examples:
(c) All tie-downs shall be acceptable to a desig- (I) all functional operating mechanisms
nated person. (2) brakes, clutches, and pawls
7-2.2.2 Rated Line Pull Test. Prior to initial use, (3) power plants
all new, extensively repaired, or altered hoists shall (4) limit switches and other limiting devices
be tested by or under the direction of a designated (5) control systems
person, and awritten report furnishedconfirming the (6) foundations and other anchorages
rating of the hoist. Ratings shall not be more than (c) Repairs or replacements shall be made as
90% of the maximum load sustained duringthe test. needed. The following are examples:
Test loadings shall not be more than 110% of the (I) all critical parts which are cracked, broken,
rated linepull unless otherwise recommended by the bent, or excessively worn;
16

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DRUM BASE MOUNTED ASME 830.7-1994

(2) pitted or burned electrical contacts should posure to shock loads. Inspections need not be at
be corrected only by replacement and in sets; con- equal calendar intervals and should be more frequent
troller parts should belubricated onlyasrecom- as the rope approaches the end of its useful life.This
mended by the manufactureror by a qualified inspection shall be made at least annually.
person. (2) Periodic inspections shall be performed by
a designated person. This inspection shall cover the
7-2.3.4 Lubrication entire length of rope. The individual outer wires in
(a) All moving parts of the hoist for which lubri- the strands of the rope shall be visible to this person
cation is specified should be regularly lubricated. Lu- during the inspection. Any deterioration resulting in
bricating systems should be checked forproper appreciable loss of original strength, suchas de-
delivery of lubricant. Careshould be taken to follow scribedbelow, shall benoted and determination
manufacturers recommendations as to points and made as to whether further use of the rope would
frequency of lubrication, levels, and type of lubricant constitute a hazard:
to be used. (a) points listed in para. 7-2.4.1(a);
(b) All rotating machinery should bestopped, (b) reduction of rope diameterbelow nominal
where feasible, while lubricants are being applied diameter due to loss of core support, internalor ex-
and protection provided ascalled for in paras. 7- ternal corrosion, or wear of outside wires;
2.3.2(a)(1)-(4), unless equipped for automatic or re- (c) severely corroded or broken wires at end
mote lubrication. connections;
(d) severely corroded, cracked, bent, worn, or
improperly applied end connections.
Section 7-2.4 - Rope inspection, Replacement, (3) Care shall be taken when inspecting sections
and Maintenance of rapid deterioration, such as the following:
7-2.4.1 inspection (a) sections in contact with saddles, equalizer
(a) Frequent Inspection sheaves, or other sheaves where rope travel is lim-
(I) Running ropes in continuous service should ited;
be visually inspected once eachworking day.A visual (b) sections of the rope at or near terminal
inspection shall consist of observation of all rope ends where corroded or broken wires may protrude.
which can be expected to be in use during the days (c) Rope Replacenlent
operations. Thesevisual observations should be con- (I) No precise rules can be given for determi-
cerned with discoveringdamage, such as listed below, nation of the exact time for replacement of rope,
which may be a cause for removing the rope from since many variable factors are involved. Continued
service or for performing a more detailed examina- use in this respect depends largely upon good judg-
tion [refer to para. 7-2.4.1(b)]: ment by a designated person inevaluating remaining
(a) distortion of therope such as kinking, strength in a used rope after allowance for deterio-
crushing, unstranding, birdcaging, main strand dis- ration disclosed by inspection. Continued rope op-
placement, or core protrusion; eration depends upon this remaining strength.
(b) general corrosion; (2) Conditions such as the following should be
(c) broken or cut strands; reason for questioning continued use of the rope or
(d) number, distribution, and type of visible increasing the frequency of inspection:
broken wires [see para. 7-2.4.1(c) for further guid- (a) in running ropes, six randomly distributed
ance]. broken wires in one rope lay, or three broken wires
(2) Care shall be takenwhen inspecting sections in one strand in one rope lay;
of rapid deterioration such as flange points, crossover (b) one outerwire broken at thecontact point
points, and repetitive pickup points on drums. with the core of the rope which has worked its way
(b) Periodic Inspection out of the rope structure and protrudesor loops out
(I) The inspection frequency shall be deter- from the rope structure;
mined by a qualified person and shall be based on (C) wear of one-third the original diameter of
such factors as: expected rope life as determined by outside individual wires;
experience on the particular installation or similar (d) kinking, crushing, birdcaging,or any other
installations, severity of environment, percentage of damage resulting in distortion of the rope structure;
capacity lifts, frequency rates of operation, and ex- (e) evidence of heat damage from any cause;

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COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME 830.7-1994 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

cf) reductions from nominal diameter greater cf) A long range inspection program should be es-
than those shown below: tablished and include records on examination of
Maximum Allowable
ropes removed from serviceso that a relationshipcan
Reduction from Nominal be established between visual observation and actual
Rope Diameter Diameter condition of the internal structure.
Up to s/,6 in. (8 mm) '/M in. (0.4 mm)
V# in. (9.5 mm) to V 2 in. (13
mm) 'h2 in. (0.8 mm)
7-2.4.2Rope Maintenance
(U) Rope shall be stored to prevent damage or
y/l6 in. (14.5 mm)to in. (19 mm)
in. (1.2
mm)
in. (22 mm) to l'/*in. (29 mm)in. (1.6 mm) deterioration.
1% in.(32
mm) to 11/* in. (38 mm) 3/32 in. (2.4 mm) (b) Unreeling or uncoiling of rope shall be done
as recommended by the rope manufacturer andwith
(g) in standing ropes, more than two broken care to avoid kinking or inducing a twist.
wires in one rope lay in sections beyond end connec- (c) Before cutting rope, seizings shall be placed
tions, or more than one broken wire at an end con- on each side of the place where the ropeis to be cut
nection. to prevent unlaying of the strands.
(3) Replacement ropeshall have strength rating (d) During installation, care shall be exercised to
at least as greatas the original rope furnishedby the avoid dragging of the rope in dirt or around objects
hoist manufacturer. Any deviation from the original which will scrape, nick, crush, or induce sharp bends
size, grade, or construction shall be specified by a in it.
ropemanufacturer, the hoist manufacturer,ora (e) Rope should be maintained in a well-lubri-
qualified person. cated condition. It is important that lubricantapplied
(d) Ropes on hoists not in regular use. Ropes which as part of a maintenanceprogram shall be compatible
have been idle for a period of a month or more due with the original lubricant, and to this end, the rope
to shutdown or storage of a hoist on which they are manufacturer should be consulted; lubricant applied
installed shall be given an inspection in accordance shall be the typewhich does not hinder visual in-
with para. 7-2.4.1(a) before they are placed in ser- spection. Those sections of rope which are located
vice. This inspection shall be for all types of deteri- over sheaves or otherwise hidden during inspection
oration and shall beperformed by a designated and maintenance procedures require special atten-
person whose approval shall be required for further tion when lubricating rope. The object of rope lubri-
use of the rope. cation is to reduce internal friction and to prevent
(e) Inspection Records corrosion. Periodic field lubrication is particularly
(1) Frequent Inspection. No records required. important for rotation resistant rope.
(2) Periodic Inspection.In order toestablish data cf) When an operating ropeshows greater wear at
as a basis for judging the proper time for replace- well-defined localized areas than on the remainder
ment, a dated report of rope condition at each pe- of the rope, rope life can be extended,in cases where
riodic inspection shall be available to appointed a reduced rope length is adequate, by cutting off a
personnel. This report shall cover points of deterio- section at one end and thus shifting the wear to dif-
ration listed in para. 7-2.4.1(b)(2). ferent areas on the rope.

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COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME 830.7-1994

CHAPTER 7-3
Operation

Section 7-3.1 - Qualifications for and Conduct examiner couldinterfere with the operator's safe per-
of Operators and Operating formance, may be cause for disqualification. In such
Practices cases, specialized clinical or medical judgments and
7-3.1.1 Operators
tests may be required.
(u) Hoists shall be operated only by the following
(d) Evidence that an operator is subject to sei-
zures or loss of physical control shall be reason for
personnel:
disqualification. Specialized medical tests may be re-
(I) designated persons;
(2) trainees under the direct supervision of a quired to determine these conditions.
designated person;
(e) Operators and operator trainees should have
(3) maintenance and test personnel when it is good depth perception,field of vision, reaction time,
necessary in the performance of their duties. manual dexterity, coordination, and should not be
(b) No one,otherthanpersonnel specified in prone to dizziness or similar undesirable character-
para. 7-3.1.1(a), shall enter a hoist operator's cab or istics.
operating position with the exception of persons such 7-3.1.3 Conduct of Operators
as oilers or supervisors whose duty requires them to (u) The operator shall not engage in any practice
do so, and then only in the performance of their du- which might divert attention while actually engaged
ties andwith the knowledge of the operator or other in operating the hoist.
appointed person. (b) When physically or mentally unfit, an operator
7-3.1.2 Qualifications for Operators shall not engage in the operation of the hoist.
(u) Operators shall be required by the employer (c) Theoperator shall respond to signalsonly
to pass a written or oral examination and a practical from the person who is directing the lift, or an ap-
operating examination unless able to furnish satis- pointed signalperson. However, the operator shall
factory evidence of qualifications and experience. obey a stop signal at all times, no matter who gives
Qualifications shall be limited to the specific type of it.
equipment for which examined. (d) Each operator shall be held responsible for
(b) Operatorsandtheoperatortrainees shall those operations underthe operator's direct control.
meet the following physical qualifications: Whenever there is any doubt as to safety, the oper-
( I ) have vision of at least 20/30 Snellen in one ator shall consult with the supervisor before handling
eye and 20/50 in the other, with or without corrective the load(s).
lenses; (e) Before leaving the hoist unattended, the op-
(2) be able to distinguish colors, regardless of erator shall:
position, if color differentiation is required for op- (I) land any attached load, except as outlined
eration; in para. 7-3.2.3;
(3) hearing, with or without hearing aid, must (2) disengage clutches;
be adequate for the specific operation; (3) put the handles of controls in the ufs posi-
(4) have sufficient strength, endurance, agility, tion;
coordination, and speed of reaction to meet the de- (4) open main switch or stop the engine;
mands of equipment operation. (5) engage manual lockingdevicesin the ab-
(94) (c) Evidence of physical limitations or emotional sence of automatic holding equipment.
instability which couldrender the operator a hazard dfl If there is a warning sign on the switch or en-
to himself or others, or which in the opinion of the gine starting controls, the hoist operator shall not

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COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME B30.7-1994 BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

close the switch or start operationsuntil the sign has (2) there is no sudden acceleration or deceler-
been removed by an appointed person. ation of the moving load.
(g) Before closing the switch or starting the hoist (b) Before starting to lift, if there is a slack rope
engine, the hoist operator shall ensure that all con- condition, the operatorshall determine that the rope
trols are in the offposition and all personnel are in is properly seated on the drum.
the clear. (c) The operator should be notified each time a
(h) If power fails during operations, the hoist op- load approaching the maximum rated load is to be
erator shall: handled so that the brakes can be tested by lifting
(I) set all brakes or locking devices; the load a few inches and applying the brakes.
(2) move all clutch or other power controls to (d) No load hoist drum shall be rotated in the low-
the off or neutral position; ering direction beyond the point where less than two
(3) if practical, the suspended load should be wraps of rope remain on the drum.
landed under brake control. (e) When swinging a load by means of a derrick
(i) The operator shall be familiar with the equip- or similar structure, sudden starts and stops should
ment and its proper care. If adjustments or repairs be avoided.
are necessary, theoperator shall reportthe same (f) When loads are lowered for long distances, the
promptly to the appointed person and shall also no- user should check the thermal capacity of the brakes
tify the next operator. and motors, as outlined by ratings or chartsprovided
(j) All controls shall be tested by the operator at by the manufacturer for both repetitive and inter-
the startof a new shift. If any controls do not operate mittent operation. Where maximum rated loads are
properly, they shall be adjusted or repaired before being lowered for long distances, power controlled
operations are begun. lowering usually is necessary to reduce the demand
on the brake. Additional cooling provisions may be
Section 7-3.2 - Handling the Load required on fluid transmissions or torque converters.
(g) Drum flange shall extend a minimum of in.
7-3.2.1 Size of Load (13 mm) over the top layer of rope at all times.
(u) No hoist shall be loaded beyond the rated line
pull, except for testing.
(b) When rotation resistant ropes are usedwith
an operating design factor less than 5, but in no case 7-3.2.3 Holding the Suspended Load
less than 3.5, the special provisions that follow shall (u) The operator shall not leave the controlswhile
the load is suspended unless the precautions in the
apply. exceptions listed in (b), (c), or (d) below have been
(I) For each such lifting assignment:
(u) a designated person shall direct each lift; taken.
(b) a designated person shall ascertain that (b) If the loadmust remain suspendedfor any
considerable time, a pawl or otherequivalent means,
the rope isin satisfactory condition [paras. 7-2.4.1
rather than the brake alone, shall be used to hold
(a)(l)(a)-(d)] both before and after lifting; but more
the load.
than one broken wire in any one lay shall be reason
(c) As an exception to para. 7-3.2.3(a), the oper-
to consider not using the rope for such lifts; ator may leave the controls, provided that prior to
(c) operations shall be conducted in such leaving, an appointed individual andtheoperator
manner and at such speeds as to minimize dynamic shall establish the requirements fordogging the hoist
effects. [see para.7-3.2.3(b)] and furnish notices, set up bar-
(2) Each lift under these provisions shall be re- ricades, or whatever other precautions may be nec-
corded in the hoist inspection record and such prior essary.
uses shall be considered before permitting another (d) Hoists, when holding anchor lines or applying
such lift. static pressure, are not considered as holding sus-
(3) Provisions of para. 7-3.2.1(b) are not in- pended loads; however, prior to the operatorleaving
tended to permit duty cycle or repetitive lifts to be the controls, the operator and an appointed individ-
made with operating design factors less than 5. ual shall establish therequirementsfor braking,
7-3.2.2 Moving the Load dogging the hoist [see para. 7-3.2.3(b)], furnishing
(a) Care shall be takenin liftingto be certain that: notices, setting upbarricades, or whatever other pre-
( I ) hoist ropes are not kinked; cautions may be necessary.

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BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME 830.7-1994

7-3.2.4 Use of Winch Heads 7-3.3.4 Special Signals. Some special operation
(a) The winch head shall not be used without the may require additions to, or modificationsof, the
knowledge of the operator. standardized signals. These special signals should be
(b) The operator shall be within convenient reach agreed upon and thoroughly understood by both the
of the engine disconnect clutch control lever, or the signalperson and the operator, and should not be in
power control lever whilea winch head is being used. conflict. with the standard signals.
7-3.3.5 Instructions. If it is desired to give in-
structions to the operator other than thoseprovided
for in thestandard signalsystem,hoist operation
Section 7-3.3 - Signals shall be stopped.
7-3.3.1 Standard Signals. Standard signals to the
operator shall be in accordance with the standards
prescribed in paras. 7-3.3.2 and 7-3.3.3, unless voice Section 7-3.4 - Miscellaneous
communication equipment(telephone,radio, or 7-3.4.1 Fire Extinguishers. Operating and main-
equivalent) is utilized. Signals shall be discernible or tenance personnelshall be familiar with the use and
audible at all times. No response shall be made un- care of the fire extinguishers provided.
less signals are clearly understood.
7-3.4.2 Refueling
7-3.3.2 Hand Signals. Hand signals shall be in (a) When refueling with a portable container, it
accordance with Fig. 4 and shall be posted conspic- shall be a safety-type can equipped with automatic
uously. closing cap and flame arrester.
7-3.3.3 Bell Signals. Bells of different tonesshall (b) Gasoline powered hoists shall not be refueled
be used for boom and load. The signals shall be as with the engine running.
(c) Fuel containersshall not be stored in hoist en-
follows:
(a) WHEN OPERATING: onebell or light means
closures.
STOP. (d) Smoking or open flames shall be prohibited in
(b) WHEN STOPPED: one bell or light means the refueling area.
RAISE; two bells or lights mean LOWER. 7-3.4.3 Cab or Operating Enclosure
(c) WHENTEMPORARILY STOPPED: two (a) Necessary clothing and personal belongings
bells or lights alternately on boom and load mean shall be stored in such a manner as to not interfere
DOG IT OFF or STOPPING FOR SOME TIME. with access or operation.
(d) WHEN DOGGED O F F before starting, ring (b) Tools, oilcans, waste, extra fuses, and other
four bells or light four lights alternately onboom and necessary articles shall be stored in the toolbox and
load, meaning GET READY TO START WORK shall not be permittedto lie loose in or about thecab
AGAIN. or operating enclosure.

21

COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers


Licensed by Information Handling Services
ASME 830.7-1994
BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS

HOIST With forearm vertlcal, fore- LOWER. Wlth arm extended down- USE MAIN HOIST. Tap fist on head;
finger polntlng up, move ha.nd In ward, forefmger polntlng down, then use regular signals.
small horlzontal clrcle. move handin small horlzontal clrcle.

USE WHIPLINE (Auxiliary Hoist). RAISE BOOM. Arm extended, LOWER BOOM. Arm extended
Tap elbow with one hand; thenuse fmgers closed, thumb polntlng fmgers closed, thumb polntlng
regular signals. upward. downward.

MOVE SLOWLY. Use one hand to RAISE THEBOOMAND LOWER THE LOWER THE BOOM AND RAISE THE
give any motion slgnal and place LOAD. With arm extended, thumb LOAD. With arm extended, thumb
other hand motionless in front of pointing up, flex fingers in and out pointing down, flex fingers in and
hand giving themotion signal. (Hoist as long as load movement isdesired. out as long as load movement is
sl&vly shown as example.) desired.

FIG. 4. STANDARD HAND SiGNALS FOR HOIST OPERATION

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BASE MOUNTED DRUM HOISTS ASME 830.7-1994

SWING Arm extended, pomt wlth STOP Arm extended. palm down.
fmger In dlrectlon of swmy of boom move arm back and forth
horrzontally

EMERGENCYSTOP Both arms DOGEVERYTHING Clasp hands I n


extended. palms down. move arms front of body
back and forth horlrontally

FIG. 4 STANDARDHANDSIGNALS FOR HOISTOPERATION(CONT'D)

23

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COPYRIGHT American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Licensed by Information Handling Services