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A Word From The Editors

Welcome all to Wing Chun Origins very first


The voice of Wing Chun must be heard. As a

Martial Arts family, we have a long and proud
history, and we share a love for this incredible
art. Whether we are Masters or newcomers
to Wing Chun, our journey as Martial Artists
is never over. We must endeavour to always
learn more, train harder and to share our hard
earned knowledge with those who are seeking
Javier Garcia Wing Chun is not just about self defence. It is a tool for self cultivation and development of
the mind and body. Through its principles, we
Publisher can and should become better persons. To be
Emerson Rangel kind and compassionate and to stand up for
what is right; these are the hallmarks of a true
App Development warrior.

Javier Garcia / Emerson Rangel I invite you to share this journey with us. In
a world full of chaos and violence, we, as
Graphic Design Martial Artists, must take it upon ourselves to
Dalene Garcia be guiding lights for those who are lost. Wing
Chun Origins will be that guiding light.
Cover Photo by:
The Power is Yours!

Javier G
Henry Chan

Cover Music by: Bensound

Relaxing Writers
Gifs by: Javier Garcia Emerson Rangel
Anthony Chung
Nick Pappas


The Birth Of Practical Wing Chun .................................. 4

An Interview with Sifu William Kwok ..............................16

Top 5 Wing Chun Habits ................................................. 24

Secrets of the Iceman ..................................................... 30

A New Approach .............................................................. 36

Chi Sau - The Lab for your forms .................................. 40

The Birth
of Practical
Wing Chun
Photos by Henry Chan

The Birth of Practical Wing Chun

by Javier Garcia

M aster Wan Kam Leung learned his

Wing Chun under the great Wong Shun
appear on the cover of our very first issue
and we are grateful to him for agreeing
to do this interview. We could think of no
Leung. Over the last 4 decades, he has greater teacher to kick off our first issue.
dedicated himself to his Art, training and Without further ado, we present to you, Sifu
researching tirelessly in order to further Wan Kam Leung.
evolve the original teachings passed on
by his late master. Master Wan, Can you tell us about
Today, he is undoubtedly one of the
worlds finest Wing Chun practitioners. Ive had a great passion for martial arts
His style is characterised by sharp, ever since I was very young. Before I
explosive movements aimed at flanking started Wing Chun, I had already trained
the opponent and shutting down their in several different styles. I must admit, I
offence. was not very attracted to Wing Chun in the
beginning because I thought it seemed very
It is a great honour for us to have him mechanical and rigid in its movements.

However, I later realized that Wing Chun While I believe hook
wasnt what I had initially imagined.
Wing Chun is a very efficient and practical
punches to be very
fighting system and is particularly suited powerful, they do not
for self-defence on the streets. I first met follow one essential
my Sifu, the late Wong Shun Leung, in
the 1960s. He was just about to open
principle of Wing Chun:
his school and I was the first student to covering your own center
sign up. I became very fascinated by the
practicability of the system, but never
thought I would one day be teaching Wing
Chun professionally. I promised my Sifu that Practical Wing Chun?
I would not teach full time as long as he was
still teaching. As Ive trained other styles before and
have always had a general curiosity in all
My Sifu was an inspirational figure in my life martial arts, I used to test what I learned in
and when he passed away so suddenly in Wing Chun against other martial artists of
1997, I was very shocked and saddened. differing styles. Ive had a lot of successful
I have since been teaching Wing Chun on experiences, but also some great defeats.
a full time basis. Practical Wing Chuns Each defeat made me think about my own
International Headquarters is located in training, and I tried to find out where my
Kowloon, on Nathan Road, and is open 7 techniques were insufficient. I started to
days a week. analyse each one of my techniques, and
with time, it evolved into Practical Wing
Can you tell us how you developed Chun. It has been carefully modified

The reason
our stance
differs from
Wing Chun
is mainly
based on the
natural knee

and can no longer be considered the

same style of Wing Chun that I learned.
Practical Wing Chun is not a system that
was created overnight. The techniques
have been gradually re-adjusted over
time, so when I call my system practical
it doesnt mean that other Wing Chun
systems are not practical in their own way.
It means that every single movement from
styles emphasise, but our penetrating
the empty-hand forms are practical and
triangle does not end so near the front of
applicable just as they are practiced.
our body.
You practice your forms with This enables us to penetrate deeper
almost parallel feet, rather than with our stance when moving forward,
the more traditional Yee Jee whilst maintaining a very natural knee
Kim Yeung Ma . What are the and leg position. It more closely relates
advantages? to the way humans walk, making the
movement as natural as possible whilst
The reason our stance differs from
maintaining good biomechanics. Through
traditional Wing Chun is mainly based on
experimentation, I have also found that
the natural knee position. We still have a
this position is much safer against the
triangle as many traditional Wing Chun
pressure of a kick towards the knee.
If the foot and knee are facing in, receiving Where does the power in Siu Nim Tao
a kick would cause terrible damage to come from? Firstly, you need to execute
the knee and ligaments. Whilst the foot is the movements in a soft manner while
facing forward, a direct kick to the knee maintaining a balanced, grounded stance.
will hurt, of course, but not cause disabling In order to develop power, first you must
damage. The main advantages are that it understand how to stay loose without tensing
is more natural for stepping, balance, and up, whether in San Sau or Chi Sau. Then,
changing direction, and it gives a more you need to understand where the power is
stable and natural knee position to transmit generated from when attacking or defending.
It must be understood that forward actions
Master Wan, the Siu Nim Tao form differ from backwards movements. All this
has a legendary reputation for combined with breathing, body structure and
developing great power, if trained angles helps with power generation.
correctly. It has been said that part
of the secret is to develop the Mind
Intent. Can you elaborate on this

It is true that when Siu Nim Tao is trained

correctly you can practice both Chi and
power. The power that you develop from
the form is not hard power, but soft power.
At the same time, you can also develop
mind intent.

According to my own
understanding, Siu Nim Tao is a
very practical form. Wing Chun
only consists of 3 hand forms;
each with their own
characteristics. Siu Nim Tao is the
first form a student learns. When
practicing Siu Nim Tao without
moving, you practice grounding
your stance, your mind intent, and
maintaining your balance while
staying loose.
Once this is achieved, the student may then
practice how to apply the techniques from the

Flanking the opponent is something that
you do effortlessly in your videos and
yet, this is a difficult skill to cultivate for
beginners. Can you give some advice to
our readers on how to flank effectively?

The three hand forms in Wing Chun each contain

offensive and defensive components, either
frontally or from the side. If you are familiar with the
forms, you will understand that the forms provide
you with the necessary techniques in any given

So my advice is, first become very familiar with

the forms. Then you must understand the nature
and details of every technique in the forms. Learn
how and when to apply each technique in a given
situation. There are no superior techniques in Wing
Chun. Any technique can be effective if applied
correctly, and at the same time, a technique you
favor can fail if the situation is not favorable for this

Master Wan, although there are elbow

strikes in Wing Chun, we never see boxing
hook style punches, despite the mechanics
being almost identical to elbow strikes.
Why are there no hook punches in Wing

While I believe hook punches to be very powerful,

they do not follow one essential principle of Wing
Chun: covering your own center line.

Many fighters focus on hitting the opponents center,

but they miss out on the principle of covering their
own.Each technique has to allow you to do that,
and the punch is not exception.That is why we
focus a lot on the 135 angle, which allows you to
protect your center while attacking.

Our practical Wing Chun punch is actually very

similar to a boxing punch in structure, speed

and power, while managing to cover
the center.You can surely punch very
powerfully without covering the center, but
you will have to rely on speed and hope
that your opponent is slower than you or
cannot control the space properly.We want
to own the center and rely on technical
skills instead. That is why we don`t use
hook punches in our style.

Master Wan can you tell us how you

came to use the precise angle 135?

Angles and the center line are very

important. I dont completely straighten the
arms for several reasons. For example, if
you straighten your arm, the recoil from
your punch will not be channeled into the
ground. I do use other angles, but
ultimately the strongest angle is 135
degrees. Angles are very important if you
want to achieve a simultaneous attack and
defense while protecting your center line.
This is one of the strong points in Wing

Can you explain the Soft power

of Wing Chun? Is this an internal
concept? How can one soften up and
develop Internal power?
Many internal Chinese kung-fu systems
include the word Sung in their style.
It means Loose.Some practitioners
interpret it incorrectly and have a complete
lack of structure.

Our practical Wing Chun punch is actually

very similar to a boxing punch in structure,
speed and power, while managing to cover
the center
I always tell my students to be Fong deflect and redirect incoming force or borrow
Sung, that means Relaxed. the incoming force to use it against your
There is no proper translation for it in
English. It means that the structure has To develop that habit, all students should
to be soft, but not collapse.Only with a learn to practice the form in a very soft
relaxed structure, the right angles and manner. In particular, all movements should
speed, is it possible to achieve the soft be executed in a very relaxed way, so that
power that is in our Wing Chun engine. the students learn not to rely on strength
but technical skill instead. After all, the
Wing Chun is a very sophisticated style, combination of being soft and powerful is a
but many people rest on the surface skill that few have mastered.
and just study the forms without really
understanding what is going on behind We understand you do a lot of
it.Many translate Kung Fu as hard work, conditioning work. How does one
but that doesnt mean that you have to work train to take punches and kicks the
it in a hard way. way you do?
You might be able to do that when
young, but if you dont rely on developing
your technical skills, you might not go far
while ageing.

There are static forms that help you relax

your structure and there are moving forms
that teach you how to move this relaxed
structure across the surrounding space in an
efficient way.In our style, we focus on both.
It took me years of training and development
to incorporate Nei Gung into my style and
with the engine of Wing Chun.
Many try to incorporate soft power from
other styles, but it doesnt always work.
That is why we see many Wing Chun styles
today looking more like Tai Chi or other arts,
and loosing the roots based on economy of
motion and proper angles for close combat.

In addition to the above mentioned, I also

urge my students to focus on maintaining
soft shoulders, loose wrists, keeping their
elbows in and keeping the arm at an angle
of 135 degrees. In Wing Chun, it is very
important to stay soft. You never fight
force against force. Instead, you seek to

I do a lot of conditioning work,
but not by working out in a gym
or weight training. I condition
my body purely through qigong
exercises. I am very passionate
about Wing Chun, but besides
Wing Chun, Chi gong is also very
important to me. Chi gong is very
beneficial to Wing Chun. There is
a Chinese saying:

Which means: if you only on train

the external aspects of martial arts
but neglect the internal aspects,
you will have nothing to show for
it in old age. With this wisdom
I have continued my Chi gong
practice throughout the years.

How do you define Chi? Is

it something real that science
will one day discover or is it
just a learning tool?

What is Chi? Chi is breathing,

something that we all do. So Chi is
life energy. What people normally
do is breathing in and out without
giving it much thought, but Chi
can be trained and applied. Chi
gong is part of Chinese culture and
depending on how you practice, it
will provide you with different kinds
of benefits. At its core, chi gong is
simply a breathing exercise with
five different breathing methods.
Some people practice chi gong
purely for health and some for
strength, but ultimately, it all comes
down to breathing methods.

For more information on Master

Wan Kam Leung please visit:



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by Javier Garcia

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Photo by Alice Yuen

William Kwok began training in Martial the martial arts titles Grand Master in Wing
Arts at age seven. Born in Hong Kong, he Chun and rank 7th Dan Menkyo/ Grand
is Grandmaster WAN Kam Leungs Closed Master in Martial Arts by the World Person-
Door Disciple. He is the first official instruc- al Martial Arts Federation.
tor of Wan Kam Leungs Practical Wing
Chun to teach in America. In January 2015, Sifu Kwok received the
Silver Lifetime Contribution Award at the
A Harvard graduate and a former business Action Martial Arts Magazine Hall of Honors
professor, Sifu Kwok established Gotham in Atlantic City. And most recently, in May
Martial Arts in 2007, in New York City. 2015, he was honored with a Community
Leadership Award by the US Presidents
In September 2014, he was honored by the Council on Fitness, Sports & Nutrition.
Martial Arts History Museum in Los Ange-
les as a recipient of the Museum Honor Despite his many achievements, Sifu Kwok
Award for his excellence in the martial arts is a humble and respectful man. We are
and his contributions to the local communi- proud to have had the chance to interview
ty. him, and we thank him for his openness
and generosity in sharing his vast knowl-
In December 2014, he was honored with edge with us.

SifuKwok, you
experienced many
different martial arts
and styles before
learning Wing Chun.
What about Wing
Chun attracted you to

I haveexperiencein
overten differentmartial
arts systems, fromanovice
level toamaster level,
since I was seven years
old. After practicing a
variety of martial arts,
I noticed that many
techniques rely mainly
on the strength of the
practitioner, so a larger
person would always
havemore advantage
thana smaller one.

In my mid 20s,I realised

that no matter how much
I trained, it would be hard
to defeat someone bigger
or stronger than me. SoI
decided to explore a
martial art that a smaller in the forms serve like different building blocks that can be
person could use to fight combined in many different ways. It is interesting to find the
a larger opponent in a real most effective and efficient techniques in any given situation. It
life situation. When I first gives me a lot of room to improve and think.There are many
encountered Wing Chun good martial arts systemsout there,as long as we can find the
I was drawn to the style right teacher and commit to the training. However, I preferto
because it addressed this studyasustainablemartial art that allows me to trainregardless
issue, but I did not truly of my age.I am in my mid 40s now but I know I can still
see its full potential until practice Wing Chun even when I turn70 or 80.Thissystem is
I beganpracticingunder not only practical but also good for my mind and body.
mySifu, Grandmaster
WANKamLeung. Wing Chun is often referred to as a scientific martial
art. Why do you think that is?
I like mySifu'sPractical
Wing Chun system Wing Chun does not only utilise force against an opponent's
because it is very scientific force, but also uses body mechanics, structure and angles to
and logical.All techniques defend, counter attack, and redirect incoming force.
Practical Wing Chun practitioners
for example, observe five
components of the body structure;
The five center lines, relaxed
shoulders, sinking elbows, flexible
wrists and precise angles. Without
scientific reasoning behind the
techniques and structure, they will
failto work properlyand one will
rely only on muscle strength.

Moreimportantly,we shouldconstantly
analyse our techniques and have
an openmindset in order to ensure
the continuing effectiveness of Wing
Chun.MySifuhas taught meto
emphasize these values to my
students, so that through trial anderror
andanalysis of the core principles, Wing
The skills developed through
Chuntechniqueswillcontinue to be useful weapons trainingwill lead to
and efficient. improvement ofspeedand
Wing Chun is known for its ability power, timing,sense of
to be used against bigger and distance,structure, stability
stronger opponents. How does Wing
Chun get around the problem of a and energy extension.
bigger opponent?

Wing Chun is one of the most suitable remember thatstudyingWing Chun
martial arts for close quarters combat. doesn't make us super-men. However,
Itspractitioners observe their body practicingWing Chun techniques can
structure and center-linesin order to make maximize our potential and ability to
every movement as efficient and effective protectourselves,and reduce our chance
as possible. Following these principles, a to be defeated, even while fighting
Wing Chun practitioner, regardless of his/ against a bigger and stronger opponent.
her age andbodysize, is able to generate
structural power and defeat a non-Wing Please explain how weapons
Chun opponent's attacks. training, which is common in so
many Chinese Arts, can be used to
When fighting against a bigger and
improve one's empty hand fighting.
stronger opponent, itis crucial that we can

reach him/her in a hand-contactdistance,
In Wing Chun, the two most
enter the opponent's "gate" (red zone), and
popular weapons are theLukDim
destroy his/her centerlines. This approach
BunGwan(six-and-a-half pointpole)
will immediately put the opponent in
and theBaatJaamDo (eight cutting
the defensive mode and increase our
knives).The benefits of weapons
chances of defeating him/her. Please
training are beyond measure.Thegrip of the
knives training alonecan greatly improve
the strength of our fingers and wrists. Also,
sinceknives training requiresvery delicate
and focusedpracticeto prevent injury, ithelps
us develop a more serious attitude towards
training.Suchdeliberatetrainingcan translate
tobetterempty hand techniques, especially
sincethe knives areconsideredextensions of
the arms.

On the other hand, the pole, because

of its weight, can greatly improve arm
strength, proper bodypositioning and
stance.In addition, weapon traininghelps
us gainabetter control of the relaxation and
tension ofour arm muscles.Overall, the skills
developed through weapons trainingwill
lead to improvement ofspeedandpower,
timing,sense of distance,structure, stability
and energy extension.These elements are
extremely usefulto emptyhand training and

Are theresecret techniquesor

methodsin Wing Chun? Things that
would make it impossible to learn the
system properly if not revealed?

Many believe that there aresome secret
techniques" or "methods" that are only taught
to a small group of people, or in other words,
the closed-door disciples. I am afraid that
they havemissed the point. It is important to
understand that learningisa two-way street;a
student cannot expect to receive unconditional
support and guidance without demonstrating
his/her devotion and commitment to the

On the other hand, a teacher has to ensure

thatastudent hastheright attitude to train and
will not abuse the knowledgeobtained from
the teacher. The closed-door disciples are
likely to have a more in-depth understanding
of the system, and this is because of their
continued commitment and responsibility to
their schools,teachers, and training.
the threats, even with great Wing Chun
So to answer your question, no, there is no skills.Meditation practice can help us
such thing as a secret technique in Wing develop an ability to manipulate and control
Chun. All techniques exist within the Wing our Qi (internal energy) in combat.In
Chun forms. The real secrets are patience, class, in addition to practicing the Wing
commitment, humility, and endurance. Chun forms, we learn to defend ourselves
by practicing San Sau andChiSau.
This partner based training requires
Do you believe that meditation can an extremely high level ofself-control,
make one a better martial artist? awareness, focus and relaxation.We
In the context of Wing Chun, cansurely enhance these attributes
howwould meditation help? through practicing meditation on a regular
Yes, I do.Meditation is an important practice
that can helppractitioners calm and balance
the mind, better focustheirthoughts and What advice would you give to
energy,and lead torelaxationof themind Wing Chun practitioners all over
and body.Once our mind is improved, our the world if they had to use their art
overall body condition will be enhanced as forself defenseon the street?
First, remain calm and assess the situation.
Wing Chun is a practicalself- If fighting is unavoidable, then one has to
defensesystem ideal for real life-threatening be completely committed to thefight with
situations.Therefore, relaxation is critical a clear purpose in mind. Understand what
to Wing Chun practice, both mentally and the goal of this fight is; is it to briefly distract
physically. If wegettensed up out of fear, the assaulter in order to escape? Or is
we will not be able to naturally respond to it to control or even disable the person?

A student cannot expect to
receive unconditional support
and guidance without demon-
strating his/her devotion and
commitment to the training.

Knowing the objective of the fight allows Most boxing matches last for minutes
one to be confident in the techniques they in a ring, and boxing is considered a
use and in eliminating threats effectively, so competitive game. Boxers wear gloves
that we can avoid unnecessary injury.After and are restricted to training within the
all, confidence comes from hard training rules of boxing competitions. The goal
with passion and perseverance.Training of boxing is to get more points than an
regularlyunder a goodteachersguidance opponent.However, real life street fights
is surely the best preparation to help our don't take minutes, but only a few seconds.
mind and bodystay connected andremain
calm. Therefore, the fightingstrategy of Wing
Chun is different from boxing;Wing Chun
What do you consider to be the needs to be efficient and utilises the entire
benefits of Wing Chun as areal bodyfists,palms, elbows, shoulders,
lifeself defense system, compared fingers, knees, feet, or whateveris
to boxing? available to fight in a real situation.One

of the principles of Wing Chun is toapply todevelop awell-structured curriculum to
the mostdirect and efficient skillsin deliver the training more efficiently, andat
ordertoavoid conflicts,ortofinishafightas the same time educate students in the
quickly as possible. In an extreme scenario, valuable nature and effectivenessof the
itcan bea decision of life-or-death. system.

Which martial art that you have not It is also crucialfor Wing Chun to preserve
yet trained in would you like to try, if its martial arts nature, and to emphasise the
given a chance? interconnected relationship of the mind and
I have practiced a large variety of martial
arts and chose to focus primarily on By doing so, even though Mixed Martial Arts
Practical Wing Chun. It is best not to be (MMA) is quite prominent these days, Wing
a jack-of-all-trades, master of none, but to Chun will continue to thrive. We have to
find the martial art that is best for us and keep in mind that Wing Chun is a practical
understand it as best as we can.Because self-defense system that specialised in
of this philosophy, mygoal is to continue close-range combat, and observes tradition
developing Practical Wing Chun by further martial arts values. Unlike MMA, Wing
studying academically, instead of training Chun is not a sport with rules and weight
other martial arts. At this stage of my martial divisions.
arts journey, a greater understanding of
areas such as biomechanics, applied While the main goal of MMA training is
anatomy, kinesiology, and physical aboutwinning through competitions, the
education will allowme to improve my goal of studying Wing Chun is to develop
abilityto becomeabettermartial arts self-discipline and practical self-protection
practitionerandteacher. skills. Wing Chun teaches practitioners
to handle real-life situations with a proper
How do you see the future of Wing mindset, and prepares them to resolve
Chun? Do you think it will continue conflicts in the most efficient manner. Self-
to thrive in a world where MMA has defense on the street is not about winning
become so prominent? or losing; there are no rules or points. Since
MMA and Wing Chun embody different
In the age of information and immediacy, core values, the benefits of Wing Chun are
Wing Chun has to be conceived and taught undoubtedly irreplaceable.
as a scientific self-defense system, with
strong traditional martial arts values such as
courtesy, loyalty, and perseverance, in order
to remain relevant. Thus, it isimportant

For more information on Sifu William Kwok please visit:

Article Cover Photo by Danyo Ip

Article photos by Alice Yuen

TOP 5 That will Ru
H ur Wing Chun
in yo by Javi
er Garcia

Photo by Orion Media Group

Wing Chun is an extremely technical Under these conditions, bad habits are
Martial Art and according to the legends, ruthlessly exposed and the practitioner is
it was created by a woman. One of its forced to re-examine his training regime
primary characteristics is the use of skill, time and time again. Without this regular
angles and body mechanics to overcome reality check, a practitioner can become
bigger and stronger opponents. oblivious to the flaws in his technique and
continue to perfect these imperfections.
Like any great skill, mastering Wing Chun
can take years. Through repetition, the A tragic possibility is that these flaws are
practitioners aim is to program his or her finally brought to light in a street fight
mind to develop certain desirable habits, situation. The Martial Artists might suffer
such as economy of movement, coverage great bodily harm as he is brought to the
and short range power. But like with any realisation that these habits had been there
skill, bad habits can creep in over the all along, undetected and unchecked.
years, if the practitioner is not vigilant.
For those of you who are new to Wing
These bad habits can become deeply Chun, my advice is to pressure test your
ingrained in the martial artists mind, skills on a regular basis. You do not have
resulting in years upon years of perfecting to engage in brutal sparring sessions and
the imperfections. One of the tell tale signs in fact, I caution you against it. They can
that bad habits have crept in is of course, be very damaging to ones health long
injuries. Not injuries caused by combat, but term. But light sparring sessions are a
those caused by endless repetition of bio- must.
mechanically incorrect movements.
Another great tool is video. Film yourself
Other bad habits show up in the form often and compare your forms and body
of poor coverage or lack of power. The mechanics to those of the Masters. You
problem is compounded if the practitioner will be shocked at first, but dont be
does not engage in realistic pressure discouraged. Use this as a stepping stone
testing on a regular basis. One of the great to better understanding.
benefits of arts like Boxing or Muay Thai, is
the fact that they constantly spar and test Here are my top five Wing Chun Bad
their techniques. Habits.
Over Extending your Elbows.
Photo by Mike K

Tennis elbow is a well known condition amongst amateur Tennis players and surprisingly,
amongst many Wing Chun practitioners. The reason is over-extension of the elbows during

Apart from destroying your elbows, fully straightening your arms during a punch will reduce
your power generation and more importantly, your coverage, leaving you exposed to counter

Photo by IQremix
Too much Emphasis on Chi Sao.
Chi Sao can be a great tool for development of sensitivity and structure, but the truth is
that real fights look nothing like Chi Sao. In reality, people do not follow predetermined
path-ways to fight, and will most likely avoid sticking with you.

Over-emphasis on Chi Sao can create a bad habit known in Wing Chun circles as
Chasing Hands which is likely to get you knocked out against Boxers and MMA fighters.
Over-use of Chain Punching.
Photo by Mark Hunter

Chain Punching is not the answer to everything. Within the 3 empty hand forms of Wing
Chun, there are many different types of strikes including elbows and upper-cuts. More
importantly, these forms are there to help you develop good bio-mechanics, not specific

Restricting your strikes to only those you think are Wing Chun approved is likely to make
you a rigid and ineffective fighter.

Photo by Tommie Hansen
Using the Yee Jee Kim Yeung Ma as a Fighting Stance.
The Yee Jee Kim Yeung Ma stance is NOT a fighting stance. In reality, this is a power-
generating TRAINING stance designed to help the practitioner develop short range power
through subtle stretching and twisting of the torso and limbs.

In fighting, there should be almost no indication that a fighter trains in Wing Chun because
the movements and footwork should be as natural as possible. In truth, there are no styles
in a fight. There is only good bio-mechanics and bad bio-mechanics. It should come as no
surprise, that all accomplished fighters move in similar ways.
Photo by andriuXphoto

Lack of Sparring.
The number one bad habit in Wing Chun is undoubtedly a lack of sparring. Wing
Chun practitioners can debate for days on fundamental principles, such as when
to use a Tan Sau or a Bong Sau, or how the stance should be executed.

These types of debates simply do not occur in Boxing. Boxers have been fighting
in the ring for over 100 years, and by now, the principles of Boxing are well known
and agreed upon. Even beginners have a good understanding of when a jab or a
hook should be used, and what constitutes a good stance.

A century of fighting has filtered out ineffective and fanciful movements so that
only battle tested techniques remain. Sadly, this is not always the case in Wing
Dr. John K. Fung is taking
Grandmaster Leungs Kulo
Wing Chun out of China and
introducing it to the rest of
the world for the first time.
Dr. John and his associates are
the ONLY representatives of
Master Leung outside China.
We are located in Sydney
Australia, with networks in
China, Hong Kong, Taiwan and
Indonesia. For
private lessons contact us:
By Emerson Rangel

Photo by Moyan Brenn
Wim Hof holds twenty world records,
including a world record for the longest ice
bath. Nicknamed The Iceman, Wim stayed
immersed in ice for 1 hour, 13 minutes and
48 seconds at Guinness World Records
2008. In 2011, Wim broke the ice endurance
record once again and it is now set at 1 hour,
52 minutes and 42 seconds.
Wim Hof has taught himself how to control
his heart rate, breathing and blood circulation.
According to current scientific knowledge,
the autonomic nervous system cannot be
controlled, yet Wim can, by steering his
hypothalamus (an area in the brain which
regulates the body temperature). Even after 1
hour and 52 minutes sitting in ice, Wims core
temperature stays the same.
In 2007 he climbed to a 6.7 km altitude at
In the Netherlands, Prof. Maria Hopman of the
Mount Everest wearing nothing but shorts.
UMC St Radboud Nijmegen examined
Wim has spent many years showing what
Wims physiology while he was up to his neck
the human body is capable of, and passing
in a cylinder filled with ice cubes. According to
on his method to others.

Prof. Hopman, the things that Wim is capable
of are scientifically viewed as impossible.
An untrained person would likely die from
hypothermia; Wim, however, can maintain
his body temperature constant at 37 degrees

Her theory is that Wim can influence his

autonomic nervous system, which regulates
the heart rate, breathing and blood circulation.
Hopman is continuing her investigation on
Wim so she can determine how his feats are

According to Mr Hof, his method can provide

you with the following benefits:

1 - Influence on the immune system

2 - Influence on your mind
3 - Improvement of blood circulation
4 - Improvement of concentration and targeting
5 - Greater confidence and conscious

It all begins with proper breathing. Wim is

able to hold his breath with ease for over six
minutes, while his entire body is submerged
under water. Through proper breathing, you
can train to hold your breath longer and make
conscious contact with your heart, autonomic
nervous system and immune system.

The next step is to make your body stronger Mr Wim, can you please tell us how you
by exposure to the cold. For example, take a came to discover your unusual abilities?
cold shower after a hot one. As you progress,
you can even sit, walk, or run through snow I studied many religions, traditions, cultures
and ice. and esoteric diciplines but nothing touched
the depth which I was looking for, until the ice-
Wing Chun International has had a chance to water, in my own backyard.
ask Mr Wim some questions that we believe
are relevant to all Martial Artists. Within Wing Since then, I knew from within, that mother
Chun, there is a long and rich history of Nature has the answer. From there, I
Mind training, where emphasis is placed on developed my skills, practising regularly in
using the Intent to generate soft, relaxed ice-water. I learned to breathe right and to
power. concentrate without thoughts. A deep and
tremendous understanding suddenly arose.
It can be argued that the hidden treasure
of the Siu Nim Tao is precisely this type What forms of meditation have you
of Mind Intent training. In fact, the late studied in the past?
Grandmaster Tsui Sheung Tin, often spoke of
this Mind Intent as one of the fundamental I learned much from Yogic practices, Kung Fu,
factors of Wing Chun. Buddhism, and many more disciplines, but
nothing compares to cold water.
There can be no argument that Mr Wim Hof
has reached a level of control over his body
Do you believe that there is a
that most of us can only dream of. We hope
you will find this interview as enlightening as
relationship between emotional states
we did:
and our physical body? It is taught

by many internal arts that the
secret to using the mind intent
to control the physical body is
through the use of emotions.
Have you found this to be true in
your experience?
Emotion goes up to our DNA and thus
influences us at the very depth of our
Physiology. We found that out already
in the studies. Believe goes deep. The
Mind is chemistry, it is electrical signals
and neurotransmitters.

Thus emotions are signals which travel

directly to the cells and their DNA.
Emotion causes thoughts in the Mind
...through neurotransmitters. We are
able to change our emotions by going
deeply into the Brain and influencing it.

Amygdala is the Seat of Emotion in

the primitive brain. We are influenced
deeply in the brain-stem, and this has
been shown in studies. I can generate
more adrenaline lying in bed through
focus and breathing exercises, than
somebody doing their first bungy-jump.

Do you make use of visualisation

when exposed to extreme cold?
Can you tell us a little bit more about your
Visualisation is a natural thing to do. online course?
You think about what you do and want
a positive outcome. Thats the way I do Yes, the online course can be found at
my feats as well. During 10 weeks,
you will get a new video each week. You can
With the cold water, thinking stops. start practicing right away, using the videos as an
If you love somebody your thinking example.
stops. Find the driving force that
makes you feel like you are in love and We have a video mini-class about the online
you can do the impossible. training, so you can experience it for yourself. By
subscribing (at
Anybody can do it! How? We have a miniclass) for the free video mini-class, you can
great online course. start today with the basics of the method.

In your experience, is there a direct Thank you for your time Mr Hof. As a
correlation between stretching and parting message, can you tell us what
emotional states? you hope to accomplish by sharing
your methods with the world?
Stretching relieves muscle tension...
psychosomatically. Doing a good workout Life is about focus, energy, and sensations.
relieves the (emotional) tension and frees the Because of my practices, these have become
mind. much more profound and controllable.
Learning about physiology and psychology
What role does the Solar Plexus play in the cold has allowed me to perform
in calming ones mental state? Can spectacular feats whilst raising 4 children on
manipulation of this area through my own. What more can I ask for?
posture and stretching result in
reduced fear/ anxiety? We can accomplish much more than we ever
thought possible. My mission is to show
The Solar Plexus is related directly to our (scientifically) the insight that happiness,
personality, attitude, and stance toward the health, and power are a choice for
world. In work and in exercise, we want everybody.
to stand out. Freeing the Solar Plexus by
good breathing and exercise has a calming
effect, because the tension accumulated by
emotional interactions and any daily stress,
is relieved.

We must develop the physiological insight For more information please visit:
on how to relieve tension related to the Solar
Photos provided by Wim Hof

by Nick Pappas

Photos by Hartwig HKD

M uch has been written concerning training

methodologies in a martial arts context, both recently
and over the ages. Since the 1970s there has been
a tremendous body of knowledge created around
optimising personal performance - from elite athletes
and the military, through to vocational training and
the everyday workforce. Frameworks incorporating
different learning styles, instructional design, learning
and assessment have been developed to give both
individuals and organisations the tools to achieve
competence and thereby gain an advantage over
competitors in a constantly changing and fast-
paced world. The aim of this piece is not to critique
any particular martial arts system or the pedagogy
favoured in a particular sector of the economy;
rather, I hope reader will pause for thought and re-
examine the methodologies used in a training and
assessment context with a view to finding innovative
and novel ways to apply those very same tools in the
learning environment.

Firstly, let us examine what we are trying to achieve

in the learning environment. Essentially, from learning to one where the student is
we are aiming to bring about a change encouraged to rediscover - or remember
in the students attitude, knowledge and rather - their first nature. Learning would
skill, as without change there can be no be reserved only for that which is counter-
improvement. The mantra of practice, intuitive (if advantageous) or for which no
practice and more practice has been natural movement exists e.g. learning how
repeated ad nauseum. The premise being to play a musical instrument.
- that practice makes perfect and once the
perfection (mastery) has been attained - the The possibilities are endless (and
technique or task will be performed naturally exciting) if we were to begin to reconnect
and/or instinctively. As educators, instructors, with our first nature, something the old
trainers etc. we therefore use drills as we and wise masters of bygone eras wrote
seek to drum it (techniques) into the student about in many a great, classic text. In
until their basics become second nature. the first instance, it would invariably
change the practice of basics, allowing for
Herein lies an assumption I feel is worth greater individuality and potentially, self-
examining, at least as it relates to human assessment. For example, if your basics
movement. Many Martial Arts systems are not developing naturally, then the
state natural movement as a foundation way youre doing them needs to change.
or key principle, often accompanied with
the rationale that natural is best i.e. first
nature. If one subscribes to the theory that
first nature is inherently better, then the logic
which underpins the training regimen in the
above example is fundamentally flawed as
it seeks to override first nature with second

What does this mean in a learning context

where human movement is concerned? To
be precise, the focus of training would shift

Specifically, an assessment framework by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation
would subsequently verify decreased entitled Redesign My Brain.
time-frames in attaining competency with To conclude, I wish to share the last
the added benefit of reduced injury rates. paragraph of this article which is widely
However, rather than dictate or define applicable beyond the realm of science:
(and thereby limit) what such a learning
environment would resemble, I sincerely Of all the limits on expanding our
hope trainers, coaches and facilitators knowledge, unexamined, misplaced
etc. will experiment with and create new assumptions are the most insidious. Often,
methodologies of their own. we do not even know that we have them;
they are essentially invisible. Discovering
For readers outside of Australia who them and investigating them takes curiosity,
may be sceptical as to the usefulness imagination, and the willingness to risk
of unorthodox, seemingly irrelevant and looking ridiculous. And that, perhaps, is one
somewhat abstract training, I encourage of the hardest tasks in science.
you to watch an excellent series produced

About the Author: Nick

Pappas has over 20 years
experience in a variety of
learning and development
roles assisting individuals
and organisations improve
their performance. He
holds a Bachelor of Science
degree and is member of
the Australian Institute of
Training and Development.
Bring Your Ideas To Life!
Music by Bensound:
by Anthony Chung

T he Wing Chun Forms are great Energetic

movements that can improve your strength, relaxation

and heart (i.e mind). With enough practice, the

movements are stored in memory as reflex, so that we
no longer have to think about it. Its just like riding a
bicycle. If done incorrectly however, you can destroy
your Wing Chun structure, or even injure your body.

One safe and healthy way to know if you are doing your
forms correctly is through Chi Sau (Sticky Hands). As
the name implies, the most important aspect of Chi Sau
is to always stick to your opponent. This allows us to
sense what the opponents intentions are, whether it is a
punch, block, kick etc.

With this early sensing ability, we are able to stay ahead

of our opponent. The arms act as an antenna of sorts,
providing the feedback necessary to anticipate and Intersection of
conical power zones
control our opponent.

The three sections of Chi Sau are: 2


Chi Sau starts before you have contact, as you are
entering your opponents range of attack.

During bridging, It is important to use our intent to

visualise geometric structures. These visualisations are
an aid to achieving proper alignment. We want to use
these to achieve optimal structural alignment a fraction
of a second before making contact with our opponent,
so as to destabilise him/her upon contact. Side stepping out of the
opponents power zone, whilst
WCO ISSUE 1 keeping him in yours 41
have to have a circular
This type of visualisation
base. It can have an
is used by many athletes.
elliptical one.
For example: a golfer
visualising the effect of the
If an opponent throws
wind affecting the ball, or a
a straight punch, we
racing car driver visualising
visualise the cone
the racing line on the track.
protruding towards the
opponent, where the slope
For beginners in Wing
of the cone intersects the
Chun, you can visualise
path of the punch. This will
the following:
allow us to deliver a strike
to our opponent, whilst

The 7-Door grid simultaneously deflecting

the punch.

The 7-Door grid is used

One must remember that
to filter unnecessary
the bigger the base of
information. Each door can
the cone, the bigger the
either be closed, open, or
shield created. However
half open. A closed door
our striking range will be
is when the opponent is
reduced. On the other
defending and cannot
hand, if we reduce the
launch an attack. If the
base of the cone, we
door is open, we can go
will create a bigger gap,
The cone as an
through it to hit or lock the
allowing our opponent
opponents defence.
to get through. But our
As for half-open, the
intent projection striking range will be
opponent can both defend is great for increased.
or launch an attack from
that door. deflecting force When we are approaching
the opponent, we need
The 7-grid door can to remember to keep out
also apply to us. When of their power zone. This
we launch an attack or is roughly the space of
approach an opponent, The Cone the opponents cone. It is
we need to keep as many where the opponent is at
doors closed as possible, The cone is an intent his strongest. At the same
and be prepared to shut projection that is used for time, we need to keep the
them if the opponent deflecting force. It is like an opponent within our power
decides to enter them arrow or bullet and does not zone so as to have a bio-
. mecanical advantage over

1 2

Open door Closed Door

them. In other words, we must flank them. the fight in 3 moves, but that you

should have 3 strikes in 1 sequence

At the moment of sticking, we should This will make it harder for your
maintain the structure of the cone. This will opponent to defend and counter
help us deflect any incoming force. If the attack.
opponents force is too great and distorts

the cone, we should step side-ways, out
of the power zone. If we move backwards,
the opponent will have the momentum to
drive his force into you. When your partner wants to
disengage and finish the drill, dont
To step side ways, we use the rule right just drop your guard and walk away.
leg goes right, left leg goes left. This Get out of his power range, by
means that when we want to move to the moving to the side or back of him.
right, our right leg leads the side step, and Your mind should be on guard until
vice versa. you are out of range, in case he
launches an unexpected last minute
Once we get out of the opponents power attack.
zone, they will have to stop the charge and
change direction to launch another attack.
During this change of direction, you can For more information please visit:
launch a counter-attack .
Facebook : Wing-Chun-Indonesia
When you launch an attack remember the
quote A technique should finish in three.
This does not mean that you should finish
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Javier Garcia


Emerson Rangel