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Advanced Power Electronic

Tutorial 5 AC Power Drive

Question

1. Distinguished the two switching scheme for inverters. Explain in your own words.

2. Discuss why the slip is required in induction motor. Then explain the operation principle
of induction motor and why it cant operate at synchronous speed

3. Differentiate the construction and characteristics between induction motor and


synchronous motor.

4. The square wave full-bridge inverter has a dc input of 150V and supplies a series RL
load with R=20 and L=40mH. Assume ideal components.
a) Determine an expression for steady-state load current given the output frequency,
f =60Hz.
b) Sketch the load current and indicate the time intervals when each switch component
(Q1, D1; Q2, D2; Q3, D3; Q4D4) is conducting.
c) Determine the peak current in each switch component
d) What is the maximum voltage across each switch?

5. A square-wave full-bridge inverter has a dc source of 125V, an output frequency of


60Hz, and an RL series load with R=20 and L=25mH. Determine:
a) An expression of load current
b) Rms load current
c) Average source current
6. The synchronous motor is the ability to control the power factor. The
motor details as 3-phase, 400-V, 50-Hz, 4-pole, Y-connected cylindrical
rotor synchronous motor has a synchronous resistance of X s 2.5
and the armature resistance is negligible. The load torque, which is
proportional to the speed squared, is TL 400 Nm at 1200 rpm. The
power factor is maintained at unity by field control and the voltage to
frequency ratio is kept constant at the rated value. If the inverter
frequency is 40 Hz and the motor speed is 725 rpm, evaluate the torque
angle and the pull-out torque