DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY FiElD MANUAL

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HANDLING
PRISONERS
OF WAR
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY • NOVEMBER 1952
AOO 1 8 ~
Colonel Howard S. Levie
Collection
The Judge Advocate General 's
Legal Center and School
United States Army
Charlottesville, Virginia
DEP.1RTMENT OF THE .1RMY FIELD M.1NU.1L.
FM 19-40
f
HANDLING
PRISONERS
OF WAR
[, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY. NOYEMBER 1952
United States Government Printing Office
Washington: 1952
PRGP.tiRTY OF U.S. ARMY
THE JUDGEADVOCATE GENERAL'S SCHOOl
LIBRARY
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
WASHINGTON 25, D. C., 3 November 1952
FM 19-40 is published for the information and
guidance of all concerned.
[AG 383.6 (1 May 52)]
By ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY:
OFFICIAL: J. LAWTON COLLINS
WM. E. BERGIN Ohief of Staff,
Major General, USA United States Army
The Adjutant General
DISTRIBUTION:
Active Army:
Tech Svc (1) ; Admin & Tech Svc Bd (2) ;
AFF (5); AA Comd (2); OS Maj Comd
(5); Base Comd (2); MDW (5); Log
Comd (2); A (2); CHQ (2); Div (2);
Brig (2); Regt (1); Bn 19 (2); Co 19
(2) ; FT (1) ; Sch (10) except 19 (300);
PMS & T 19 (1); RTC (3); POE (1),
OSD (1); Mil Dist (8); T/O & E: 19­
500 AA thru AE, KA thru KM, MA
thruMH.
NG: Div (1) ; Brig (1); Bn 19 (1) ; Sep Co 19
(1).
ORO: Div (1); Brig (1) ; Bn 19 (1); Sep Co
19 (1).
For explanation of distribution formula, see
SR 310-90-1.
iI
A.GO 138GC
FOREWORD
The Geneva Conventions of 1949, many provisions
of which have been incorporated in this manual,
have at the date of publication not come into force
as to the United States and are accordingly not yet
binding on the United States or its forces. Until
the coming into force of the Conventions the provi­
sions of this manual will be given effect only to the
extent that the United States has, acting unilaterally
and by special directives, directed that the provisions
of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 will be applicable
in certain designated areas.
A.GO 1 3 ~ C
Iii
"
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION Paragraphs Page
Section I. GeneraL_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ __ _ _ _
II. Geneva Conventions____________
III. Disciplinary measures __________
IV. Interrogation_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
CHAPTER 2. COMBAT ZONE
Section I. Capture_______________________
II. Collection_____________________
III. Evacuation____________________
CHAPTER 3. PRISONERS OF WAR IN THE
COMMUNICATIONS ZONE
Section I. Internment fa.cilities ____________
II. Administrative considerations____
III. Transfer and evacuation ________
CHAPTER 4. MILITARY POLICE PRISONER-OF­
WAR UNITS
Section I. Military police prisoner-of-war
processing company __________
II. Militarypoliceguardcompany___
APPENDIX TRAINING_____________________
NDEX______________________________________
1-4 1
5-11 3
12-14 13
15-17 17
18-24 22
25-30 28
31-40 33
41-43 42
44-60 49
61-63 71
64-76 75
77-81 85
88
104
AGO 1385C v
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
,J
Section I. GENERAL
1. PURPOSE
The purpose of this manual is to serve as an opera­
tional guide for military police and other officer and
enlisted men in active theaters of operations in
handling, processing, interning, and utilizing for
labor purposes enemy prisoners of war. It should be
recognized, however, that in active theaters of opera­
tions where the Army is serving as a part of an allied
command, compliance with operational instructions
other than or in addition to these herein specified
might be required. .
2. SCOPE
This manual covers pertinent aspects of the Geneva
Conventions of 1949 that pertain to the treatment
of prisoners of war. It covers operations of cap­
turing troops; collection; interrogation; evacuation;
handling prisoners of war in division, corps, army,
• and communications zone areas; disciplinary meas­
ures; utilization of prisoner-of-war labor; and
operations and functions of the' military police
• prisoner-of-war processing company and the mili­
tary police guard company.
AGO 1385C
1
3. ARMY RESPONSIBILITY
a. In accomplishing its mission with respect to
prisoners of war, the United States Army is charged
with, but not limited to:
(1) Evacuation from receiving points.
(2) Internment.
(3 ) Medical care.
(4) Treatment.
~ -----t5) Education.
(6) Employment and compensation.
(7) Repatriation.
(8) Operation of prisoner-of-war information
bureaus.
(9) Maintenance of an appropriate office of
record.
o. Prisoners of war captured by the Navy or Air
Force will be evacuated as expeditiously as possible
to designated Army receiving points.
4. COMMAND AND STAFF RESPONSIBILITY
. a. Commanders exercise supervision over prison­
ers of war on behalf of the United States, and are
responsible for their custody, administration, and
treatment.
o. Prisoners of war who are captured or interned
in a theater of operations remain in the custody of
the theater commander until they are evacuated
from the theater, repatriated, or paroled.
c. The assistant chief of staff, G-1, has general staff
responsibility for coordinating plans for prisoners
of war. The plans. are coordinated with the general -.
and special staffs in accordance with their respec­
tive spheres of interest. (For a discussion of the
2
AGO l3Blle
pertinent duties of general and special staff officers,
see FM 101-5.)
d. The provost marshal collects, guards, works, and
evacuates prisoners of war; and recommends loca­
tions for collecting points and cages. The theater
provost marshal establishes branch prisoner-of-war
information bureaus at theater headquarters in a
theater of operations. The provost marshal of a
command is usu.ally the officer who is responsible
for preparing plans for handling prisoners of war.
He submits the plans to the assistant chief of staff,
G-1, for the coordination. The actual
execution of the plans, after they receive command
approval, is the responsibility of the provost mar­
shal of the command.
Section II. GENEVA CONVENTIONS
5. GENERAL
a. The United States is a party to the Geneva
(Prisoners of War) Oonventions of July
and is a signatory to the Geneva Oonventions of 12
August 1949. The 1949 Geneva Conventions will re­
place the 1929 Geneva Conventions in the relations
between the United States and the other parties to the
Geneva Conventions when th.ey are ratified by the
United States Government. These Conventions con­
sist of the following:
(1) Geneva Oonvention for the Amelioration of
the Oondition of the Wounded and Sick in
Armed Forces in the Field.
(2) Geneva Oonvention for the Amelioration of
the Oondition of Wounded, Sick, and Ship­
wrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea.
AGO 1385C 200476°-52-2 3
(3) Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treat­
ment of Prisoners of War.
(4) Geneva Oonvention relative to the Pro­
tection of Oivilian Persons in Time of WaT.
b. The handling of prisoners of war as discussed in
this manual is concerned primarily with the 1949
Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treatment of
Prisoners of War. The discussion and the references
to articles in this manual pertain exclusively to that
Convention unless otherwise cited.
c. Such Geneva Conventions as are binding on the
United States in a conflict are binding on all United
States troops in the same manner as the Constitution
and laws of the United States.
d. All members of the United States Armed Forces
should have a general understanding of the contents
of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the imple­
menting Department of the Army rules and regula­
tions regarding the treatment and handling of
prisoners of war (see DA Pam 20-150).
6. PRISONERS OF WAR
a. Persons belonging to one of the following cate­
gories are classified as prisoners of war upon capture
(see art. 4 of the Geneva Convention Relative to the
Treatment of Prisoners of War) :
(1) Members of the armed forces of an enemy
party to the conflict, as well as members of
militias or volunteer corps which are a part
of such armed forces.
(2) Members of other militias and of other
volunteer corps, including those of or­
ganized resistance movements, belonging to
AGO 1385C
4
an enemy party to the conflict, provided that
they fulfill the following conditions:
(a) That of being commanded by a person re­
sponsible for his subordinates.
(b) That of having a fixed distinctive sign
recognizable at a distance.
(c) That of carrying al'ms openly.
(d) That of conducting their operations in
accordance with the laws and customs of
war.
(3) Members of regular armed forces who pro­
fess allegiance to a government or an
authority not recognized by the detaining
power.
(4) Persons who accompany the enemy armed
forces without actually being members
thereof, such as war correspondents and
supply contractors, provided that they have
received authorization from the armed
forces which they accompany.
(5) Members of crews of the merchant marine
and the crews of civil aircraft of the enemy
parties to the conflict.
(6) Inhabitants of a nonoccupied territory, who
on the approach of the enemy spontane­
ously take up arms to resist the invading
forces, without having had time to form
themselves into regular armed units, pro­
vided they carry arms openly and respect
the laws and customs of war.
(7) Persons belonging, or having belonged, to
the armed forces of the occupied country
who are interned by reason of their al­
. AGO 1385C 5
legiance to that country, even though the
occupying power has originally liberated
them while hostilitieS were going on out­
side the it occupies.
(8) Person belonging to one of the categories
enumerated in this paragraph who have
been received by neutral or nonbelligerent
powers on their territory and have been in­
terned as required by international law.
o. Should any doubt arise as to whether persons,
having committed a belligerent act and having fallen
into the hands of the enemy, belong to any of the
categories listed above, such persons shall enjoy the
protection of the Geneva Oonvention relative to the
Treatment of Prisoners of War until such time as
their status has been determined by a competent
tribunal.
7. RETAINED PERSONNEL
a. The term "retained personnel," as used in this
manual, refers to certain enemy personnel who are
respected and protected in all circumstances even
though they are retained in the same prisoner-of­
war installations as other captured enemy personnel
who are defined as prisoners of war. (Geneva Oon­
vention for the Amelioration of the Oondition of the
Wounded and Siok in Armed Foroes in the Field,
1'34, and 1'38.) Retained personnel include­
(1) Medical personnel exclusively engaged in
the search for, or the collection, transport,
or treatment of the wounded or sick, or in
the prevention of disease.
AGO' 13811C
6
(2) Staff personnel exclusively engaged in the
administration of medical units and estab­
lishments.
(3) Chaplains attached to the armed forces.
(4) Staff personnel of National Red Cross So­
cieties and of other voluntary aid societies
duly recognized and authorized by their
governments who may be employed on the
same duties as the personnel mentioned
above, provided that the staff of such socie­
ties are subject to military laws and regu­
lations.
b. Such retained personnel who fall into the hands
of the adverse party are retained only so far as the
state of health, the spiritual needs, and the number of
prisoners of war may require. Personnel thus re­
tained are not deemed prisoners of war. Neverthe­
less, they at least benefit by the provisions of the
Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treatment of
Prisoners of War. Although retained personnel are
subject to the internal discipline of a camp, they are
not required to perform any work outside their medi­
or religious duties.
c. In no circumstances may retained personnel be
deprived of the insignia or identity cards that estab­
lish their right to protection under the Geneva -Oon­
vention for the Amelioration of the Oondition of the
W o'11lJ7.ded and Sicle in Armed FDrees in the Field and
the Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treatment of
Prisoners of War.
d. Members of the armed forces specially trained
for employment, should the need arise, as hospital
orderlies, nurses, or auxiliary stretcher-bearers, in
AGO-13Blle
7
the search for or the collection, transport, or treat­
ment of the wounded and sick are likewise respected
and protected if they are carrying out these duties at
the time when they come into contact with the adverse
party or fall into its hands. Such personnel are
classified as prisoners of war, but they are employed
on their medical duties so far as the need arises.
8. GENERAL PROTECT/ON OF PRISONERS OF WAR
a. Prisoners of war are in the power and custody of
the detaining power, but not of the individuals or
military units who have captured them.
o. Prisoners of war must be treated humanely, and
must be protected, particularly against acts of vio­
lence or intimidation and against insults and public
curiosity at all times. Measures of reprisal against
prisoners of war are prohibited.
c. Prisoners of war are entitled in all circum­
stances to respect for their persons and their honor.
Women shall be treated with all regard due to their
sex and shall in all cases benefit by treatment as
favorable as that granted to men.
d. The detaining power must provide free main­
tenance and medical care for prisoners of war under
its control.
e. Taking into consideration the provisions of the
Convention relating to rank and sex, and any privi­
leged treatment accorded by reason of health, age,
or professional qualifications, all prisoners of war
are treated alike without any adverse distinction
based on race, nationality, religious belief, political
opinion, or other distinction based on similar criteria.
AGO 1385l'l
8
f. No form of coercion may be inflicted on prison­
ers of war to obtain from them information of any
kind whatever. Prisoners of war who refuse to an­
swer may not be threatened, insulted, or exposed to
unpleasant or disadvantageous treatment of any
kind.
9. PRISONER-Of-WAR INfORMATION BUREAUS
f
a. GeneraZ. The Geneva Convention provides
that upon the outbreak of a conflict and in all cases
of occupation each of the parties to the conflict shall
institute an official information bureau for prisoners
of war who are in its power, and that a central
prisoner-of-war information agency shall be created
in a neutral country.
b. Prisoner of War Information Bureau.
(1) The United States Enemy Prisoner-of­
War Information Bureau operates under
the jurisdiction of The Provost Marshal
General, Department of the Army. (See
SR 1 0 ~ 3 1 0 - 1 . ) Branch prisoner-of-war in­
formation bureaus may be established over­
seas. Where branch information bureaus
have been established, all reports and infor­
mation, such as are enumerated in (2) be­
low, are channeled through the oversea
branch bureaus.
(2) The Enemy Prisoner-of-War Information
Bureau is informed within the shortest
possible time of every capture of prisoners
of war effected by United States forces. All
available pertinent information regarding
the prisoner is transmitted to the bureau
AGO 1385C
9
where an individual record is maintained
for each prisoner. Most of the data are
obtained at the prisoner-of-war camp. The
bureau, in turn, immediately forwards such
information to the power concerned through
the protecting power and the Central Pris­
oner-of-War Information Agency. (See
par. 10.) This information includes, so
far as'available to the bureau, the name and
other identifying data of each prisoner, the
names of the prisoner's parents, the name
and address of the person to be informed of
his capture, and the address to which cor­
respondence for the prisoner may be sent.
The bureau also receives from the various
agencies concerned, such as camps or cages,
information regarding transfers, releases,
repatriations, escapes, hospitalization, state
of health of prisoners who are seriously ill
or seriously wounded, and deaths. Failure
to transmit this information speedily to the
enemy power through the channels pro­
vided may encourage retaliation in kind.
(3) The bureau is responsible for replying to
all inquiries sent to it concerning prisoners
of war, including those who have died in
captivity.
(4) The bureau is also charged with collecting
all personal valuables left by prisoners of
war who have been repatriated or released,
or who have escaped or died, and with for­
warding such objects to the powers con­
cerned, or storing the same until proper
disposition can be made.
AGO 1385C 10
c. Oentral Prisoner-oJ-War Information Agency.
The International Committee of the Red Cross is
authorized by the Convention to propose to the pow­
ers concerned the organization of the Oentral Pris­
oner-oJ-War Information Agency. The function of
the agency is to collect through official or private
channels all the information it may obtain relative
to prisoners of war, and to transmit this
tion as rapidly as possible to the country of origin of
the prisoners of war or to the power on which they
depend.
10. PROTECTING POWERS
A neutral power which takes charge of the inter­
ests of a party to a conflict in order to safeguard the
interests of that party, and which acquires certain
duties by virtue of the Convention, is termed a pro­
tecting power. Representatives or delegates of pro­
tecting powers, who are
,.
duties, are permitted to visit all places where prison-
war may be located, particularly places of in­
ternment, imprisonment, and labor. The represent­
atives or delegates of protecting, powers may
interview prisoners, and particularly prisoners'
representatives, without witnesses. The representa­
tives or delegates of the protecting powers have full
liberty to select the places they wish to visit. The
duration or frequency of these visits may not be re­
stricted. Such visits may not be prohibited except
for reasons of imperative military necessity.
AGO 1385C 200476°-52-3
11
11. WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS
a. The representatives appointed to officiate in all
welfare organizations are subject to the approval
of the detaining power.
b. The special position of the International Com­
mittee of the Red Cross is recognized and respected
at all times.
c. Subject to the measures which the detaining
power may consider essential to insure its security
or to meet any other reasonable need, representatives
of the International Committee of the Red Cross and
other relief societies, religious organizations, or
other organizations assisting prisoners of war re­
ceive from the detaining power all necessary facili­
ties for visiting the prisoners, for distributing
supplies and material, from any source, intended for
religious, educational, or recreative purposes, and
for assisting the prisoners in organizing their leisure
time within the camps. Upon delivery of such sup­
plies and material to the prisoners of war, or very
shortly afterwards, receipts for each consignment,
signed by the prisoners' representative, are for­
warded to the relief society or organization making
the shipment. Receipts for these consignments are
also supplied by the administrative authorities re­
sponsible for guarding the prisoners. The detain­
ing power may limit the number of societies and
organizations whose delegates are allowed to carry
out their activities in its territory and under its
supervisio.n; however, such limitations shall not hin­
der the effective operation of adequate relief to all
prisoners of war.
12
A.GO 1385C
Section III. DISCIPLINARY MEASURES
12. GENERAL
As prisoners of war are subject to the laws, regula­
tions, and orders in force in the armed forces of the
detaining power, designated officers in the Armed
Forces of the United States and military tribunals
of the United States are authorized to impose dis­
ciplinary and judicial punishment, respectively, pur­
suant to the provisions of the Uniform Code of Mili­
tary Justice and the Manual for Oourts-Martial,
United States, 1951. However, if any law, regula­
tion, or order of the United States declares acts com­
mitted by a prisoner of war to be punishable,
the same acts would not be punishable if committed
by a member of the Armed Forces of the United
States, such acts entail disciplinary punishments
only. In any event, no proceedings or punishments
contrary to the provisions of the Geneva Oonvention
relative to the Treatment of Prisoners Of War are
allowed.
a. Military personnel having immediate custody of
prisoners enforce military discipline and military
courtesy. _
b. Fraternization of United States Army and civil­
ian personnel with prisoners of war is prohibited.
c. Collective punishment is not imposed for in­
dividual acts. Corporal punishment, imprisonment
in premises without daylight, and in general, any
form of torture or cruelty are forbidden.
d. No prisoner of war may be deprived of his rank
by the detaining power, or prevented from wearing
his
AGO 1385C
13
e. The use of weapons against prisoners of war, es­
pecially against those who are escaping or attempting
to escape, constitutes an extreme measure, and is al­
ways preceded by warnings appropriate to the cir­
cumstances. Upon recapture, prisoners may be placed
under additional guard or strict surveillance to pre­
vent further attempts at escape. If necessary, an
organized attempt to escape may be quelled by force
of arms. The principles set forth in FM 19-15 may
be used as a guide in planning for and the preparation
of standing operating procedures for the control of.
riots among prisoners of war.
13. DISCIPLINARY SANCTIONS
A camp commander, a responsible officer who re­
places him, or an officer to whom he has delegated
his disciplinary powers may impose disciplinary
sanctions, subject to the limitations as to punishment
set forth in Chapter III of the G&neva Oonvention
relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of WaT. Dis­
ciplinary punishments applicable to prisoners of war
are limited to a fine not to exceed fifty percent of the
advances of pay and working pay which the prisoner
of war would otherwise receive, discontinuance of
pri';ileges granted over and· above those stipulated
by the Geneva Convention, fatigue duties, and con­
finement. Tn no case shall disciplinary punishments
be inhuman, brutal, or dangerous to the health of
prisoners of war.
a. The duration of any single punishment is not to
exceed 30 days. At least three days must elapse be­
tween consecutive punishments, if the duration of
anyone of the punishments is ten days or more.
AGO.1385C
14
The period between the pronouncing of an award of
disciplinary punishment and its execution shall not
exceed one month.
b. As a disciplinary measure, prisoners may be re­
quired to perform fatigue duties not exceeding two
hours daily. This punishment is not applicable to
officers. Noncommissioned officers may only be re­
quired to do supervisory work as a disciplinary
measure.
c. Designated leaders, including officer and non­
commissioned officer prisoners, who fail to perform
properly the duties of supervision of the personnel
under them or any other duty with which they may
be entrusted, may be punished under the summary
punishment power of the camp commander.
d. Prisoners who have made good their escape and
who are recaptured are not liable to any punishment
for having effected their escape. Prisoners of war
who are recaptured before making good their escape
are liable only to a disciplinary punishment in re­
spect of this act. Prisoners of war who commit
offenses with the sole intention of facilitating their
escape are liable to disciplinary punishment only
provided that such offenses do not entail any vio­
lence against life or limb. In like manner, prisoners
of war who aid or abet an escape are liable to dis­
ciplinary punishment only provided that the offenses
committed in the giving of such assistance do not
entail any violence against life or limb.
e. Prisoners of war undergoing confinement as a
disciplinary punishment are permitted certain privi­
leges, such as daily exercise in the open air, medical
attention, and permission to read and write. Par-
AGO 1385C
15
eels and remittances of money, however, may be with­
held from them until the completion of the pun­
ishment.
14. JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS
In addition to disciplinary sanctions, judicial pro­
ceedings may be instituted against prisoners of war,
but prisoners of war shall not be subjected to more
severe treatment than that applied in respect of the
same punishment to members of the Armed Forces
of the United States of equivalent rank.
a. No prisoner of war may be tried or sentenced
for an act which is not forbidden by United States
law or by international law, in force at the time of
the commission of the act. This provision is not a
bar to trial by a military tribunal under military law
for the violation of laws or regulations, provided
such violation would be punishable if committed
by a member of the forces of the United States. A
prisoner of war must be granted an opportunity to
present his defense and to have the assistance of a
qualified advocate or counsel of his own choice if
reasonably available.
o. If judicial proceedings are to be instituted
against a prisoner of war, the United States must
notify the protecting power within the period of
time stipulated in the Convention.
c. Definite provisions and restrictions surround the
pronouncing of the death sentence upon a prisoner
of war, such as the period of time that must elapse
between the pronouncement and the execution of the
sentence in order to provide for adequate notification
to the protecting power.
16
AGO 1383C
d. Every prisoner of war has the same right of
appeal or petition from any sentence pronounced
upon him as the members of the Armed Forces of
the United States.
e. For a complete discussion of the penal and dis­
.. ciplinary sanctions applicable to prisoners of war,
see articles 82-108 of the Geneva Oonvention rela­
tive to the Treatment of Prisoners of TVar.
Section IV. INTERROGATION
15. GENERAL
a. The systematic and methodical interrogation
of prisoners of war is one of the most productive
sources of intelligence. The system of intelligence
interrogation parallels that of evacuation. Interro­
gation takes precedence over rapid evacuation, except
in forward areas where the prompt removal of pris­
oners of war from dangerous areas is prescribed by
the Geneva Convention. Military police must un­
derstand the principles of interrogation in order to
avoid the improper handling of prisoners of war and
the consequent reduction of their value as a source
of enemy information (see fig. 1.).
o. The interrogation of prisoners of war is a func­
tion of the intelligence officer who is assisted by pris­
• oner-of-war interrogation teams and in some
instances, by psychological warfare officers. The in­
terrogation of prisoners of war by military police is
restricted to that interrogation which is necessary
• for the administration, movement, control, and proc­
essing of prisoners.
AGO 1335C 17
NONWOOIIDED AND
WAI.KING WOUNDED pn
... FRONT LINES
ARe: DISARMED AND
CAlEB" \
SEARCHED BY OAPTURING
TROOPS AND EVACUATED
TO REITL OOLL PT
)

+
R••LLY on PlRST 'N·
TERROUnON (USUALLY
BY IPW TEAM)
TAOTICAL INFORMAJ'tO. &I
BGUlHt'HEaf
-jllLGOLL X.
\
..
8
eou

I fZJ
IPW TEAM AT THIS
LEVEL [NTERROOATEI
SELEOTED PWI
...SONN'L TlON N '" _
OON'UOT+" OUI ____ _
J I :;'"7 CCRP' 1N1. •• •
"-------- ­
xxxX
...
(
... RMY D,ut
IPW TEAM rNTI!:RROGATI!!:'
xxxx.... ,ROO.SS.. , • ')NTER....TIOII
FOR ADDITIONAL TACTIOAL
AND STRATEGIO INfORIIATIOII
fURTHER
+
INTERROGAnON\
011' SELEOTED
... ;t-­
( III COlnlUNIOATIONS ZON-E
PW 001 (LAl08)
PORT OR OTHER DONTAOL POINT
1•• t'NPI
Figure 1. Evacuation ana interrogation of prisoners of war.
c. Every prisoner of war, when questioned on the
subject, must give his surname, first names and rank, '
date of birth, and service number, or failing this,
equivalent information. The term service number
18
AGO 1385C
as used in this manual refers to his army, regimental,
or personal number as assigned by the Power which
he serves. Servioe number is not to be confused with
internment serial number. Servioe number refers to
the combination of numbers, or letters and numbers,
assigned to each individual by the military service of
the country he serves as a means of positive personal
identification. The internment serial number refers
to the number assigned by the military police pris­
oner-of-war processing company to each prisoner of
war.
d. If, because of his physical or mental condition,
a prisoner is unable to identify himself, he shall be
turned over to the medical service.
e. If the prisoner of war wilfully infringes the rule
of giving the necessary information, he may render
himself liable to a restriction of the privileges ac­
corded to his rank or status.
f. For a detailed discussion of the interrogation of
the prisoners of war, see FM 30-5 and FM 30-15.
16. PRrNCIPLES
a. Searoh. An early and systematic search of
prisoners of war is necessary in order that documents
or possessions of intelligence value may be obtained
before they can be destroyed.
b. Speed of Evaouation. Prisoners of war must be
evacuated as quickly as possible to permit an early
interrogation.
c. Segregation. Early segregation must be ef­
fected to separate individuals who may have a con­
trolling influence over other prisoners. Prisoners
AGO 1385C 200476'-52-4 19
of war, when properly segregated, can be more ef­
fectively interrogated (par. 22).
a. Method of Hanulling. High standards of disci­
pline are required not only of prisoners of war but
also of capturing troops. Prisoners respond better
when they are required to adhere to standards of
discipline which are at least as high as those to which
they are accustomed. Fraternization, mistreatment,
or abuse by capturing troops makes the task of the
interrogators more difficult. Generally, troops never
furnish comfort items to prisoners prior to their first
interrogation; interrogators can do much toward
gaining the confidence of prisoners if they are the
first to offer these items. However, if interrogation
is delayed beyond a reasonable period, prisoners may
not be denied food and potable water as well as
necessary clothing and medical attention.
e. Skill in Interrogation. Interrogation should be
conducted only by personnel trained for this purpose.
17. PHASES OF INTERROGATION
The interrogation may be conducted in two phases.
(See fig. 1.)
a. During the first phase, the purpose of interro­
gation is to develop information of immediate tacti­
cal importance. This interrogation usually takes
place at a forward headquarters immediately upon
capture or as soon thereafter as possible.
b. During the second phase, the purpose of interro­
gation is to develop further the order of battle and to
obtain strategic or general military or economic in­
formation of value to the higher echelons of com­
mand. Also during this phase, prisoners may be. in­
,l.GO 1385C
20
terrogated by specially trained psychological warfare
officers, for the purpose of developing intelligence of
special value in preparation of propaganda. This
interrogation usually takes place at an army prisoner­
of-war cage, at a prisoner-of-war camp, or as directed
by the theater commander.
AGO 1385C
21
CHAPTER 2
COMBAT ZONE
Section I. CAPTURE
18. GENERAL
a. The individual or unit capturing prisoners of
war disarms and searches them immediately for con­
cealed weapons and documents, unless the number of
prisoners captured, enemy action, or other circum­
stances make search impracticable. If immediate
search is not feasible, it is made as soon as possible.
b. Prisoners of war are evacuated from the com­
pany
from theretQ
(See fig. 2.) Evacua­
tion from the division collecting point to the Army
cage is normally the responsibility of Army. (See
par. 33 and fig. 2.) Prisoner-of-war collecting
points are designated localities in the area of a front
line combat division for the assemblage of prisoners
pending local examination for information of im­
mediate tactical value and subsequent evacuation.
Prisoners of war normally receive their first interro­
gation by trained members of an Interrogation
Prisoner-of-War (IPW) team at collecting points.
0. Each of the Services, Army, Navy, and Air
Force, is responsible for prisoners of war captured
22.
AG'O'13830·
by its forces until such time as they are delivered to
designated Army receiving points.
19. SEARCH
a. When interrogation teams are employed with
• units, from battalion up, which are in contact with
the enemy, the detailed search of prisoners of war
is conducted under the supervision of team personnel.
b. When no interrogation team personnel are at-
o tached, the regimental or battalion intelligence of­
ficer supervises the search. Documents and articles
required for intelligence purposes are removed from
prisoners of war, and are marked so that they may be
identified with the prisoners upon whom they were
found. To insure the availability of these docu­
ments and articles to interrogators at higher echelons
of command, they are turned over, with the prisoners
of war on whom they were found, to the prisoner
escort.
c. Until such time as prisoners of war can be
searched by qualified personnel, capturing troops and
guards must be alert to prevent the destruction of
documents.
20. DOCUMENTS
An enemy document is any written, printed, en­
graved, or photographic matter which may contain
information relative to hostile armies or countries.
Enemy documents are both of a personal nature,
such as letters, pay cards, diaries, and pictures found
- on prisoners of war or enemy dead, and of an official
nature, such as maps, orders, manuals, records, of­
ficial photographs, and sketches (FM 30-15) •
AGO 1385C 23
21. PERSONAL EFFECTS
a. The officer in direct charge of prisoners of war
insl'res that money, valuables, and personal effects
on the persons or in the immediate possession of
prisoners are safeguarded. Money may not be
taken from prisoners of war except on the order of '
an officer. Itemized receipts must be given, legibly
inscribed with the name, rank, and unit of the person
issuing the said receipt. Personal effects will not be
taken as souvenirs or loot.
b. Property in the possession of prisoners of war
usually belong in one of the following classes:
(1) Personal effects that prisoners of war are
allowed to retain, including metal helmets
and gas masks and like articles issued for
personal protection, effects and articles used
for clothing or feeding, identification tags
or cards, badges of rank and nationality,
and decorations and articles having a per­
sonal or sentimental value. Personal iden­
tification cards should not be removed if
they are of the type called for by the
Geneva Convention of 1949. Such cards
normally measure approximately 6.5 x 10
em, and should show the prisoner's name,
rank, serial number,· and date of birth
plus any other information which the issu­
ing power wishes to include. If the pris- ..
soner does not possess such a card, one will
be prepared and issued to him. At no time
should the prisoner be without a basic iden- _
tity document.
AC!lO 1885C
(2) Personal effects that may be taken from
prisoners of war temporarily for intelli­
gence purposes, but that are to be returned
as soon as practicable, such as personal
registration cards, organizational member­
ship cards, passports, letters of introduction,
passes, ration books, political party cre­
dentials, photographs, diaries, and other
personal documents of military value.
Personal effects in this category are re­
moved as items of military value and re­
ceipts are given to the prisoners.
(3) Person&1 effects that prisoners of war are
not permitted to retain for reasons of secur­
ity. Articles of value may be taken from
prisoners of war only for reasons of security.
When such articles are withdrawn from
prisoners, the procedure laid down for sums
of money impounded applies. The pris­
oners are given itemized receipts, and the
particulars are recorded in a special prop­
erty register. The articles are placed in
safekeeping and returned in their initial
shape to the prisoners at the end of their
captivity.
(4) Articles that prisoners of war are not per­
mitted to retain at any time and which are
confiscated. These articles include military
documents and military equipment, such as
arms and vehicles or animals used for trans­
portation. Confiscated articles are turned
over to G2 in the case of items of intelligence
value, or to the appropriate technical serv-
AGO 1385C 25
ice for action and coordination with G2 if
necessary.
22. SEGREGATION
a. N onwounded and Walking Wounded Prisoners.
As soon as possible, enemy officers, noncommissioned
officers, privates, deserters, civilians, and women are
segregated, and are delivered to the division or
equivalent collecting point. Further segregation is
made according to nationality. Segregation is main­
tained throughout evacuation to rear areas.
b. Litter Oases. Nonwalking wounded prisoners
of war are searched, taken to the nearest aid station
for treatment, and evacuated through medical chan­
nels. It is the responsibility of the medical officer
to bring such prisoners to the attention of intelligence
personnel for interrogation and to request the neces­
sary guards. When practicable, and when such duty
of itself will not expose them to danger, nonwounded
and slightly wounded enemy prisoners are used as
litter bearers for enemy and United States severely
wounded personnel; United States slightly wounded
military personnel may be used for prisoner-of-war
escorts or guards when feasible. Whenever possible,
the segregation of wounded prisoners is maintained
as for other prisoners of war. (See Fig. 1.)
23. MOVEMENT TO DIVISION COLLECTING POINT
a. The prompt movement of prisoners of war to
the division or equivalent collecting point is impor­
tant. While in forward areas not only may prisoners _
become casualties as the result of enemy fire with
a resultant decrease in their potential value for in-
AGO 13Blle
26
telligence purposes, but the problem of handling
them is more difficult than in rear areas. Further­
more, the Geneva Convention prescribes that pris­
oners of war shall be evacuated, as soon as possible
after their capture, far enough from the combat zone
for them to be out of danger.
b. Evacuation may be accomplished by foot, by
water, or by the use of empty ammunition or supply
vehicles or other suitable conveyances. The guards
. may be elements of the combat forces or any other
troops at the disposal of the military commander.
c. Routes of evacuation for prisoners of war to the
division collecting point are usually the same as the
routes of evacuation for the wounded. ­
24. ESCORTS
a. The officer or noncommissioned officer transfer­
ring custody of prisoners of war to the commander
of the prisoner-of-war escort provides the latter with
a memorandum stating the time, place, and circum­
stances of the capture, and the designation of the
unit making the capture. At the division collecting
point, the commander of the prisoner-of-war escort
receives from division military police a receipt show­
ing the number of prisoners turned over and the
number of documents delivered with them.
b. Whenever possible, troops from reserve units
are detailed to escort prisoners of war to the divi­
, sion or equivalent collecting point. Troops detailed
as escorts­
(1) Prevent escapes.
(2) Maintain segregation at all times. (See
par. 22.)
AGO 1385C 200476°-52-ti
27
(3) Prevent prisoners from discarding or de­
stroying any insignia or documents not
taken, or overlooked by the capturing unit,
to include collection by rear guards of any
documents dropped by prisoners.
(4) Prevent anyone, other than authorized in­
terrogators, from talking to prisoners.
(5) Prevent anyone from giving prisoners
food, drink, or cigarettes prior to interroga­
tion in so far as such act does not violate
any requirement concerning the treatment
of prisoners of war.
(6) Enforce silence among prisoners at all
times.
(7) Deliver prisoners to the division or equiva­
lent collecting point as soon as possible.
Section II. COLLECTiON
25. GENERAL
Prisoners of war are assembled at collecting points
to-
a. Relieve the capturing units quickly.
b. Be held until they can be evacuated to the rear
by higher headquarters.
c. Conserve guard personnel.
d. Expedite evacuation of prisoners of war to the
rear.
26. INFANTRY DIVISION
a. One division collecting point is normally estab­
lished for each division.
b. The infantry division prisoner-of-war collect­
ing point is usually located in the vicinity of the
AGO 1385C
28
division command post. It should be accessible by
road to trucks and ambulances from the rear and
the front, near water, protected as much as possible
against enemy observation and fire, and far enough
to the rear to avoid involvement in minor fluctuations
of the front line. If a regular cage is not available,
• a partially fenced-in area, inclosed courtyard, or
similar place that facilitates the maximum security
of prisoners with a minimum of guards should be
• chosen, if possible. In the absence of a regular cage,
the limits of the colle<:ting point are stipulated, and
the prisoners ,of war are required to remain within
the area defined.
c. At the division collecting point, division mili­
tary police relieve the escort troops of the re­
sponsibility for guarding prisoners of war. The
prisoners are counted and a detailed search of the
prisoners is conducted under the supervision of in­
telligence personnel. Segregation is maintained.
Documents and selected personnel are also examined.
All documents and other personal effects of intelF­
gence value are marked so that they may be identi­
fied with the prisoners on whom they were found,
and are placed in envelopes for transmission to the
proper intelligence agency.
d. Prisoners of war are normally issued rations
and water at the division collecting point and aid is
given to the wounded and sick. Retained personnel,
including medical personnel and chaplains assist in
caring for prisoners of war to the fullest extent pos­
sible (par. 7).
e. At the
The infQrmation that is
AGO 1385C 29
the datea!ld
the designatio
Il
.2-t,Q1.e
unit Prisoners of war are
warn(:ia: not to mutilate, destroy, or lose their tags.
f. Few reports regarding prisoners of war are re­
quired at the division level other than the listing of
the number of prisoners in each group. If practica- •
Qle, rosters,of of war, listingnameLgrade,
service number, date and place of capture, unitmak­
of, ,for- _
tp , .. JroIl1 the
divisIon collecting point.

27. AIRBORNE DIVISION
a. In an airborne operation, the manner of collect­
ing and evacuating prisoners of war is dependent
upon such factors as the following: geographical 10­
cation of the airhead, tactical plan, availability of
transportation, and plans for link-up with ground
or other forces .
. b. Because of the nature of an airborne operation,
the guarding and evacuating of prisoners of war
are initially the responsibility of the regimental
combat teams. However, it may not be feasible to
establish regimental collecting points during the
early stages of the operation. As soon as sufficient
control is established, prisoners of war are evacu­
ated from lower echelons to higher echelons.
c. At an airhead, prisoners of war are held at the
most suitable location until evacuation can be accom­
plished. Prisoners of war are evacuated by air or
are held until a link-up is made with friendly forces.
If the prisoners are to be evacuated by air, the col­
30 AGO 138GC
lecting point is situated in the most suitable location,
- close to the landing field. The military police com­
pany of the airborne division performs all normal
functions in connection with the handling of pris­
oners of war.
d. If the airborne division makes a penetration
deep into hostile territory, and if a link-up with
other forces is delayed and an evacuation of prison­
ers of war is not possible, it may be necessary to re­
tain the prisoners within the airhead. The collect­
. ing point operation may then parallel the operation
of a prisoner-of-war cage in the guarding and caring
for prisoners of war.
28. ARMORED DIVISION
a. Because of its inherent characteristics, such as
mobility, fire power, and communications, an ar­
mored division may penetrate deeply and quickly
into hostile territory. In an armored penetration,
prisoners of war may be disarmed and evacuated to
the rear by vehicle or on foot, or they may be retained
and guarded in the area of capture while the divi­
sion continues toward its objective. If prisoners of
war are left under guard, they are held until infan­
try units reach the area and take over the control
and handling of the prisoners, including tagging
and evacuating to a collecting point.
o. Prisoner-of-war collecting points may be es­
tablished in the rear of each combat command that
has been assigned an independent objective. These
prisoner-of-war collecting points are located on
previously announced axes of evacuation. When
combat commands operate in close conjunction, one
AGO 138GC
31
or more collecting points may be established to serve
the combat commands jointly.
c. In a static situation, or'in an infantry-type op­
eration, the establishment and operation of an ar­
mored division collecting point will resemble that
of an infantry division collecting point.
d. In a rapid pursuit, particularly when the en­
emy is demoralized and is surrendering in vast num­
bers, the above methods of handling prisoners of
war may prove inadequate. In such extraordinary
circumstances it may be practicable and necessary
to disarm prisoners and order them to march to the
rear without guards or to disarm them and order
them to remain in place without guards.
~ 9 . OTHER UNITS
The principles and procedures that are outlined
above for the collection of prisoners of war and the
op,eration of division collecting points are generally
applicable to similar operations by comparable units
and higher echelons.
30. ARCTIC AND DESERT OPERATIONS
Climate and terrain impose certain restrictions
upon the establishment and functioning of collect­
ing points.
a. Arctic Areas. In arctic areas, low temperatures
may not permit prisoners of war to be searched in
the open. Hence, to facilitate the search for weap­
ons and documents that may be concealed in bulky
clothing, heated shelters are provided for the exami­
nation of prisoners before they are escorted to col­
lecting points. Collecting points for prisoners of
AGO l3Blle
32
war in arctic areas are temporary cages that provide
shelter, and are located at or near airheads. As care
for prisoners of war during the severe arctic winter
is difficult, evacuation from forward areas is accom­
plished rapidly and is delayed only for intelligence
requirements. Normally prisoners of war are evacu­
ated as quickly as possible from the arctic.
b. Desert Areas. In order to have access to water
and supplies, collecting points in desert areas are
located. near troop concentration areas. Limited
transportation facilities may delay the evacuation
of prisoners of war to rear areas and necessitate re­
taining the prisoners for some time. 1£ the prison­
ers cannot be evacuated to the rear quickly, further
processing than would ordinarily be accomplished
at the division level will be required.
Section III. EVACUATION
31. GENERAL
Prisoners of war are evacuated, as soon as possible
after their capture, to camps situated in an area
far enough £rom the combat zone for them to be out
of danger, except those prisoners of war who, owing
to wounds or sickness, would be exposed to greater
risk by being evacuated than by being temporarily
kept where they are. (See fig. 2.) Prisoners of
war are not to be unnecessarily exposed to danger
while awaiting evacuation from a combat zone, and
the evacuation is to be effected humanely. During
evacuation, prisoners of war are supplied with suf­
ficient food, water, and necessary clothing and medi­
cal attention. 1£ prisoners of war must, during
AGO 1385C 33
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evacuation, pass through transit camps (prisoner-of­
war cages or processing stations), their stay in such
camps must be as brief as possible.
32. EVACUATION PRINCIPLES
The general principles for the evacuation of pris­
• oners of war include the following:
a. The provisions of the Geneva Convention are
to be observed in spirit and letter.
b. The evacuation of prisoners of war is not to in­
terfere with the circulation, movement, or· tactical
employment of United States troops.
c. Segregation is to be maintained throughout the
evacuation process.
d. Property rights of prisoners of war are to be
fully respected.
e. Wounded prisoners of war are to be evacuated
through medical channels.
33. EVACUATION RESPONSIBILITY
The evacuation of prisoners of war from the divi­
sion collecting point to the rear is normally the re­
sponsibility of the next higher echelon in the chain
of evacuation. In normal situations, army is charged
with the evacuation of prisoners of war from the
division collecting point. However, some situations
may require that prisoners of war be evacuated in
whole or in part through a corps prisoner-of-war
cage. (See pars. 37 and 38, and fig. 2.)
AGO 1385C 200476°-52--6 35
34. EVACUATION PROCEDURES
The following procedures are observed in evacu­
ating prisoners of war:
a. Maximum use is made of returning supply ve­
hicles for evacuation.
b. Escorts for prisoners of war who are to be
transported via road, air, rail, or water are so or­
ganized as to provide adequate security at all times.
c. When prisoners of war are to be evacuated by
vehicle, the loading is supervised, and load limits .
are prescribed to prevent accidents because of over­
loading. Although the ideal loading formula is
ten men per truck ton, the exigencies of the situation
may require a load increase in the number of prison­
ers; however, in no event are trucks to be overloaded.
An armed guard may be placed in the cab of each
vehicle to guard the prisoners of war in the preced­
ing vehicle. Motor patrols armed with automatic
weapons may reinforce the guard detail in very large
convoys.
a. When prisoners of war are evacuated by rail, a
minimum number of guards should be used.
e. WThen prisoners of war are evacuated on foot,
close column formations are used, and guards march
at the head and rear, and on both flanks, of the col­
umns. The number of guards required to escort
prisoners of war on a march varies with the morale
and physical condition of the prisoners, the possi­
bility of an enemy attack, the number of prisoners
to be escorted, and the distances to be traversed.
When a prisoner-of-war column is attacked, pris­
oners are instructed to lie down and to remain
immobile.
AGO 138liC
36
f. Rests and stops are preferably made during day­
light, outside villages or installations.
g. Liaison should be maintained with the next
higher headquarters to inform it of anticipated
changes in the location of collecting points and in
the number of prisoners of war in each classifica­
tion to be delivered to that headquarters.
h. The issue of sufficient rations and water is the
responsibility of the echelon having custody of pris­
oners of war. Account should be taken of the habit­
ual diet of the prisoners. To the greatest extent
possible, captured enemy rations and other enemy
supplies and material are used for prisoners of war.
i. Normally, no comfort items, such as cigarettes,
are issued to prisoners of war until the intelligence
officer so signifies.
j. Prisoners of high rank and other prisoners of
special interest, including well-informed enemy sol­
diers and high civil functionaries accompanying the
armed forces are evacuated accordIng to theater
d irecti ves.
k. Only the minimum conversation necessary to
issue orders and to maintain discipline is permitted
between guards and prisoners of war. Orders to
prisoners are given in a language they understand.
Prisoners may be used as interpreters, if necessary.
Conversation among prisoners is forbidden.
l. Punishment for the violation of a rule, regula­
tion, or order by a prisoner of war during an evacu­
ation is not administered by the escort guards.
Measures are taken, however, to prevent the recur­
rence of the infringement.
AGO 1385C 37
35. AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS
.An early evacuation of prisoners of war by water
may be necessary during the initial phases of an
amphibious operation. Prior to the establishment
of division control ashore, prisoners of war are nor­
mally evacuated by the various landing or combat
teams to their respective collecting points, under con- •
trol of the amphibious support brigade. The prison­
ers may either be held at the beach until interrogators
from the higher echelons come ashore, or evacuated ­
to ships designated for interrogation. In this type
of operation, the handling of prisoners of war may
cover three phases:
a. Initial Phase. Immediate evacuation by water,
and no processing on the beachhead.
b. Intermediate Phase. While awaiting trans­
portation for evacuation, initial processing on the
beachhead by military police attached to the am­
phibious units.
c. Final Phase. Minimum evacuation, completion
of processing, and employment of prisoners on
authorized labor projects by the amphibious and
follow-up forces.
36. AIRBORNE OPERATIONS
Prisoners of war are normally evacuated by air
during the early stages of an airborne operation. At
least two guards are required for each plane load •
of prisoners of war. Plans should provide for the
attachment of personnel from communications zone
military police units to the airborne force to guard
the prisoners during evacuation (par. 27).
AGO 188[)C
38
37. CORPS
Prisoners of. war are normally not . evacuated
through corps; they are usually evacuated directly
from division collecting points to army prisoner-of­
war cages. However, if a corps is operating inde­
pendently, or if the situation requires evacuation
through corps, or if it is necessary for corps to inter­
rogate certain prisoners of war, such prisoners are
evacuated from division to a corps prisoner-of-war
cage by corps military police. Where a corps is
operating independently, the processing and han­
dling of prisoners of war at the corps prisoner-of­
war cage will closely parallel the processing and
handling at the army prisoner-of-war cage.
38. ARMY
a. Prisoner-of-war cages are established in army
areas for the temporary detention and interrogation
of prisoners of war pending further evacuation.
Shelter, usually of a temporary nature, is provided
at prisoner-of-war cages. Existing facilities are
used whenever possible. Dependent upon the dis­
tance from the army and corps cages to the com­
munications zone and the method of evacuation, it
may be necessary to establish cages along the line of
march for food, rest, and overnight stops (fig. 3).
o. Prisoners of war are counted and receipted for
immediately upon arrival at the army cage. A re­
ceipt for the prisoners and any accompanying cap­
tured documents is given to the commander of the
guard.
o. At the army cage, a thorough search is made of
prisoners of war for any previously undiscovered
AGO 1385C 39
documents of intelligence value, or any other un­
authorized possessions.
d. Sanitary measures are taken to prevent the con­
traction or the spread of diseases. The sanitary
measures include bathing, delousing, and the disin­
festation of clothing. Prisoners of war suspected of
having communicable diseases are isolated and placed
under medical observation.
e. If necessary, clothing is issued to prisoners of
war. (See par. 47.)
f. Food is provided prisoners of war, but the prep­
aration of such food, if required, is accomplished by
the prisoners.
g. Within one week after arrival at a camp or
cage, even if it is a transit camp or cage, prisoners
are to be permitted to notify the Central Prisoner of
War Information Agency and their families of their
capture if they have not been enabled to do so prior
to arrival (par. 51).
h. Interrogation at army prisoner-of-war cages
is selective; that is, only certain prisoners are
interrogated.
i. When the evacuation of prisoners of war is de­
layed, such as during an island operation, the prison­
ers may be retained within the army cage for some
time. When there is such a delay, as complete a
processing as possible is accomplished and prisoners
of war may be used for labor not prohibited by the
Geneva Convention within the army area.
j. Prisoners of war are guarded at cages and dur­
ing transfer to and between cages by military police
guard companies, when available, or by other troops.
AGO 13811e
40
39. EVACUATION TO COMMUNICATIONS ZONE
Prisoners of war are evacuated from the combat
zone to the communications zone as quickly as pos­
sible. Military police from the communications zone
normally escort the prisoners from the army cages.
The number of guards required for escorting prison­
ers of war from army cages to communications zone
cages or camps is variable, but usually is dependent
upon the number of prisoners to be evacuated, the
means of evacuation, and the morale or attitude of
the prisoners; i. e., resigned or belligerent.
40. FORWARD DISPLACEMENT OF ARMY REAR
BOUNDARY
As the army rear boundary is displaced forward,
prisoner-of-war cages may either be taken over in
place by military police of the advance section of the
communications zone and the operation of the cages
continued, or the cages may be closed and the prison­
ers of war evacuated to the rear through normal
channels prior to such displacement. The decision
to continue to operate or to close prisoner-of-war
cages in the newly acquired communications zone is
based upon such factors as the tactical situation,
plans of higher headquarters, prisoner-of-war esti­
mates, plans for utilization of prisoner-of-war labor,
suitability of cages for internment of prisoners of
war for long periods, and the availability of pris­
oner-of-war cages in the advance section area.
AGO 1385C 41
CHAPTER 3
PRISONERS OF WAR IN THE COMMUNICA­
TIONS ZONE
Section I. INTERNMENT FACILITIES
41. CAGES AND PROCESSING STATIONS
a. Prisoner-of-war cages may be established in the
communications zone under unusual circumstances
for the interrogation and temporary detention of
prisoners of war pending their further evacuation
from the communications zone. Dependent upon
the plan for evacuating prisoners of war from the
communications zone, cages may be established in
each separate port area.
b. Prisoner-of-war processing stations may also be
established for the processing and temporary deten­
tion of prisoners of war pending their assignment to
cages for evacuation from the communications zone
or to permanent communications zone prisoner-of­
war camps. Processing is accomplished as described
in paragraph 45 by military police prisoner-of-war
processing companies (fig. 3.) .
.c. At cages, arrangements are made for the com­
plete segregation of prisoners of war according to
their classification.
AGO 1385C
42
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Figure 3. Pri8oner-ot-war cage.
42. PRISONER-Of-WAR CAGE REPRESENTATIVE
To insure smoothness of operation, the receiving
communications zone cage may assign a representa­
tive to the army cage from which prisoners of war
AGO 1385C
43
are normally received. The duties of the prisoner­
of-war cage representative normally include-
a. Procuring estimates at least 24 hours in advance,
if possible, of the prisoners of war in each category
who are to be transferred to the communications zone
cage.
b. Requesting designated agencies to furnish trans­
portation, and specifying the trucks or railroad cars
required, and the time, the place, and the destination.
c. Notifying the receiving cage of the guards
needed and the categories and numbers of prisoners
of war to be shipped.
a. Arranging for rations en route, if required.
e. Assisting in segregating prisoners of war, if
segregation has not already been accomplished, and
preparing rosters for the next movement.
f. Receiving and checking prisoners of war and
prisoner-of-war property.
g. Assisting in organizing prisoners of war into
truck or railroad car loads, and supervising the
loading.
h. Delivering rosters to the senior member of the
escort.
i. Notifying the receiving cage of the expected
time of arrival.
43. PRISONER-Of-WAR CAMPS
a. Prisoner-of-war camps are installations of a
semipermanent nature that are established in the
communications zone or the zone of interior for the
internment and complete administration of prisoners
of war. The camps may be located on, or may be
independent of, other military installations. The
AGO l8Blle
44
camps are designed to provide security and living ar­
rangements as required by the Geneva Convention
and military needs. Whenever military considera­
tions permit, prisoner-of-war camps are marked dis­
tinctly so as to be readily identifiable from the air
(figs. 4, 5, and 6).
b. Prisoner-of-war branch camps are camps that
are established on a semipermanent or temporary
basis in order to fill a definite work need. The ad­
ministration of prisoners in these camps is under the
supervision of the prison-of-war camp of which it is
a branch.
c. Quarters in a prisoner-of-war camp must be
provided under conditions as favorable as those pro­
vided for United States troops billeted in the same
area. The area of each camp must be sufficient to
provide space for buildings necessary for the housing
of prisoners, and for administration; indoor and out­
door recreation, medical care, religious worship, mess­
ing, canteen, showers, latrines, and other prescribed
purposes. Prison-of-war camps are usually divided
into compounds by fencing.
a. In any camp in which women prisoners of war,
as well as men, are accommodated, separate dormi­
tories and conveniences must be provided.
e. Prisoners of war are interned in camps accord­
ing to their nationality, language, and customs, pro­
vided that the prisoners are not separated from
prisoners of war of the armed forces with which they
were serving at the time of their capture, except
with their consent.
f. For a typical headquarters and headquarters
company organization designed to administer a
AGO 1385C
45
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enlisted men.
AGO 1385C 47
"",,'
AECREATKIN AREA
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Figure 6_ Prisoner-ot-war camp tor 1,800 enlisted men.
A.GO 1385C 48
30,000 man prisoner-of-war camp, see figure 7. This
type organization is intended for use as a guide only
and may be modified to meet the existing situations
and conditions. It must be supplemented by at­
tachment of the required number of such supporting
guard and service units as are necessary for camp
maintenance and security and to provide proper care,
treatment, and administration for the prisoners of
war.
Section II. ADMINISTRATIVE CONSIDERATIONS
44. GENERAL
The policies and procedures that govern the ad­
ministration of prisoners of war in the communica­
tions zone are also applicable in other areas where
prisoners of war may be interned for extensive pe­
riods in camps or other installations.
45. ADMINISTRATIVE POLICIES
a. Principles. The following general principles
are applicable to the operation, personnel adminis­
tration, and supply of prisoner-of-war camps:
(1) As far as possible, prisoners of war furnish
their own administrative personnel.
(2) Extensive use is made of captured enemy
supplies and equipment.
(3) Commandants of the camps are vested with
the authority to impose summary punish­
ment. Disciplinary action is administered
in accordance with the provisions of the
Geneva Convention (par. 13).
AGO 1385C
49
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b. Oommand Responsibilities. Every prisoner­
of-war camp is placed under the command of a com­
missioned officer of the armed forces. A copy of the
Geneva Convention and its annexes and special
agreements must be posted in every camp in the lan­
guage of the prisoners of war. Copies must be sup­
plied, upon request, to those prisoners who cannot
have access to the posted copy. All regulations,
orders, and notices must be issued or addressed in a
language which is understood by the prisoners.
c. Reoords and Reports. Personnel reports and
records at prisoner-of-war camps and other prisoner­
of-war installations include reports and records
required for pay, clothing, equipment, hospitaliza­
tion, transfers, punishment, and similar matters.
d. The initial processing that is accomplished
upon arrival at the communications zone prisoner­
of-war processing station or camp will include all
appropriate steps set forth in paragraph 38. After
this preliminary processing has been completed, ad­
ministrative processing will be accomplished as soon
as possible.
(1) In processing prisoners of war, an intern­
ment serial number is assigned to each pris­
oner for the purposes of identification,
classification, and reporting. The intern­
ment serial number of a prisoner of war
consists of several components separated
by dashes. The various components indi­
cate the command in which the prisoner
was captured, the name of the enemy coun­
try whose armed forces the prisoner served,
and the order in which the prisoner was
AGO 1385C 51
processed. Internment serial numbers are
assigned consecutively to prisoners of war
captured by United States forces in each
command, irrespective of the country the
prisoners served. The commanding general
of the appropriate command, at his discre­
tion, may assign blocks of numbers to sub­
commands or stations within his command.
For example, internment serial numbers 1
through 2,000 may be assigned to one sub­
command, and numbers 2,001 through 4,500
to another subcommand (par. 15). Care
should be taken that all personal effects of
prisoners of war are marked with their
names and internment numbers, and re­
corded in the special property register (par.
72), so that the effects may be returned to
them upon repatriation. The prisoner-of­
war personnel record for each prisoner is
completed in duplicate by the military po­
lice prisoner-of-war processing company
(par. 76).
(2) In processing, the completed record will
contain the name of the prisoner of war;
his internment serial number, photograph,
and fingerprints; an inventory of his per­
sonal effects; other personal data; and the
prisoner's signature. One copy of the rec­
ord is forwarded to the Branch Prisoner­
of-War Information Bureau; one copy of
the record always goes forward with the
prisoner of war. Prisoners of war who
have been captured by other United States
AGO 18850 52
Armed Forces or by allied forces and have
been transferred to the custody of the
United States Army are permitted to re­
tain their previously assigned internment
serial numbers. If they have not previously
been processed, such prisoners are processed
in the same manner as prisoners of war
who have been captured by the Army.
(3) Processing companies are assigned to cages
on the basis of the number of prisoners of
war to be processed. A prisoner-of-war
processing company comprises three pla­
toons and is capable of processing fourteen
hundred and forty (1,440) prisoners in
eight (8) hours (par. 67).
e. After the prisoners have been processed, they
are assigned to a prisoner-of-war camp and are then
further assigned to a compound, battalion, and com­
pany within the camp. Although the number of
prisoners of war assigned to a camp, compound, bat­
talion, or company may vary, the organizational
framework as set forth in figure 8 should be adhered
to in each prisoner-of-war camp. Prisoners of war
will be utilized to the fullost extent in the internal
administration of their assigned units.
f. Frisoner-of-War Representatives. At all camps
where there are no officers, prisoners of war freely
elect spokesmen by secret ballot to represent them
before the military authorities, the Protecting Pow­
ers, the International Committee of the Red Cross,
and any other organization which may assist them.
In camps for officers and persons of equivalent status,
or in mixed camps, the senior officer is recognized as
AGO 1385C 53
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the representative. In officer camps, he is assisted
by one or more advisers chosen by the officer prison­
ers. In mixed camps the assistants are elected by the
prisoners who are not officers. Every representative
elected must be approved by the camp commander
before he has the right to commence his duties.
46. COURTESIES
In addition to the courtesies required by regula­
.. tions in force in their own armies, prisoners of war
are required to render the courtesies prescribed for
United States personnel.
a. When the national anthem is played, or when
"To the Colors," "Escort of the Colors," or "Retreat"
is sounded, prisoners of war not in buildings stand
at attention facing the music or the colors.
o. Enlisted prisoners of war salute all officers of
the United States Armed Forces. Although of­
ficer prisoners of war salute only United States
officers of higher rank, they salute the camp com­
mander regardless of his rank. Prisoners of war
may salute in the manner prescribed by regulations
in force in their own armies.
c. A prisoner of war in a formation does not salute
unless he is in charge of the formation. A prisoner
of war in ranks assumes the position of attention
when addressed by an officer.
d. When out of doors, an enlisted prisoner of war
upon the approach of an officer comes to attention,
faces the officer, and salutes. The same courtesy is
rendered by an officer prisoner of war upon the ap­
proach of an officer of higher rank. Prisoners at
work do not salute an officer unless addressed by him.
AGO 1385C
ss
e. When an officer of higher rank enters a mess
hall, unless otherwise directed, prisoners of war re­
main seated, continue eating, and do not converse.
f. When entering a room where an officer of higher
rank is present, a prisoner of war uncovers and
stands at attention.
g. Before addressing an officer of higher rank, a
prisoner of war salutes. He also salutes upon the
termination of the interview.
h. United States military personnel are not re­
quired to salute prisoners of war nor to assume the
position of attention when addressing them. How­
ever, officers of the United States Armed Forces re­
turn the salutes of prisoners of war.
47. SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT
a. Olothing. Except as circumstances warrant or
climate requires, uniforms or other clothing are not
is'sued as replacements to prisoners of war until the
uniforms or clothing in which they were captured
become unfit for use. When practicable, uniforms
of prisoners of war are renovated by the prisoners
for their own use. Prisoners of war are permitted
to wear insignia of rank and decorations. Articles
of uniform of the Armed Forces of the United States
are not issued to prisoners of war, unless they are
so altered that they cannot be mistaken for parts of
such uniform. Maximum use is made of indigenous
or captured clothing and Class X and nonstandard
type clothing. Whenever the nature of their work,
requires, prisoners of war receive appropriate
clothing.
AGO 13S5C
56
o. Rations. The basic daily food rations for pris­
oners of war must be sufficient in quantity, quality,
and variety to keep them in good health, and to pre­
vent loss of weight or nutritional deficiencies. The
habitual diet of the various national groups must be
taken into consideration. The use of tobacco is per­
mitted. Prisoners of war who work must be sup­
plied with such additional rations as are necessary
for the labor on which they are employed.
c. Miscellaneous. Materials for bedding and fuel
are issued to prisoners of war as required. Cob­
bler's, tailor's, barber's, and other tools and mate­
rials necessary for repairing clothing and equipment
or for essential needs are made available in order to
help prisoner-of-war camps to meet many of their
own requirements. Clothing, equipment, and other
supplies for prisoners of war are issued in accord­
ance with the instructions of the Department of the
Army and th3 theater commander.
d. Oanteens. Canteens are established at all pris­
oner-of-war camps, where prisoners may procure
foodstuffs, soap, tobacco, and ordinary articles of
daily use.
48. PERSONAL PROPERTY
a. Personal effects which are taken from a prisoner
of war are carefully listed, receipted for, and for­
warded with the prisoner. Packages containing per·
sonal effects are labeled with the prisoner's name and
internment serial number, and are stored at the camp
where he is interned. These effects are restored to
the prisoner upon repatriation. (See par. 21.)
AGO 1385C
57
b. The personal effects of deceased enemy person­
nel are not sent to the United States. The list of
the effects is reported to the theater enemy prisoner­
of-war information bureau. The effects are stored
within the theater of operations wherever practi­
cable.
49. SANITATION AND MEDICAL CARE
a. The sanitary measures of prisoner-of-war
camps, so far as possible, approximate the sanitary
measures required for United States military camps.
In prisoner-of-war camps, sanitary measures are
taken to insure the cleanliness and healthfulness of
the camps and to prevent epidemics: adequate space
is allocated to prevent overcrowding within housing
units; sufficient latrines, showers, and lavatories are
provided, and are kept sanitary; the rules of good
mess sanitation are observed; waste is disposed of in
accordance with the facilities available, but in such
a manner as to insure the protection of health; and
sufficient water is made available for drinking,
bathing, laundry, and culinary purposes. Prisoners
of war are furnished, by issue or sale, necessary ma­
terials, such as soap, razor blades, basins, detergents,
and brushes, to insure personal cleanliness and a
sanitary environment.
b. Adequate medical facilities are provided to
safeguard the health of prisoners of war and pro­
vision is made for the isolation of communicable
cases, for disinfestation, and for inoculations. Medi­
cal inspections of prisoners of war are made at least
once a month. Retained medical personnel and
prisoners of war with medical training are used to the
AGO 13850
58
fullest extent in caring for their own sick and
wounded. 1£ adequate facilities are not available
for the type of medical care required, prisoners of
war are to be admitted to military or civilian medical
installations where the required treatment can be
given. The costs of medical treatment for prisoners
of war are borne by the United States.
c. 1£ prisoners of war are admitted to an Army
medical facility, the commanding officer of the hos­
pital is responsible for their security and for ad­
ministrative procedures, such as reporting the neces­
sity for medical evacuation, deaths, escapes, and daily
or other fixed interval strength data. Additional
guards may be requested by him to provide adequate
security.
50. PAY AND ALLOWANCES
a. The Detaining Power may specify the maxi­
mum amount of money in cash or in any similar form
that prisoners of war may retain in their possession.
Any amounts in excess which are properly in their
possession and which are taken from them are placed
to their separate accounts. United States currency
found upon prisoners of war, if the prisoners can
show lawful acquisition thereof, is deposited to the
credit of the prisoners. 1£ the prisoners cannot show
lawful acquisition thereof, the money is disposed of
according to pertinent Army directives. Foreign
money belonging to prisoners of war is held by the
United States until the prisoners are repatriated.
b. The Detaining Power must grant all prisoners
of war a monthly advance of pay in its own currency
in terms of the Swiss franc. The amount of the ad-
AGO 1385C 59
vance of pay is determined by the military or equiva­
lent rank of the prisoner. The amount, however,
may be modified by special agreements among the
Parties to the conflict.
c. Prisoners of war are paid a fair working rate of
pay by the Detaining Power. Prisoners of war or
retained personnel who are required to perform
spiritual or medical duties on behalf of their com­
rades are likewise paid working pay. Prisoners of
war who are permanently detailed to duties or to a
skilled or semiskilled occupation in connection with
the administration, installation, or maintenance of
camps also receive working pay. 1£ there is a fund
that is maintained by canteen profits, it is used for the
payment of prisoners' representatives and their ad- .
visers and assistants.
d. An account is maintained for each prisoner of
war, showing the credits, debits, and amounts due
him. Every item entered in the account of a pris­
oner of war is countersigned or initialed by him or·
by the prisoners' representative acting on his behalf.
When a prisoner is transferred from one camp to
another, his accounts are forwarded with him.
When a prisoner is transferred from the control of
the United States to another power, a certificate for
the amount standing to his credit is also forwarded
with him. It is the responsibility of the power on
which the prisoner depends to settle with him any _ I
credit balance due to him from the United States
upon the termination of his captivity.
e. Prisoners of war are permitted to receive remit­
tances of money addressed to them individually or
collectively. Prisoners of war may also have pay­
60
AGO 1885C
ments made abroad, subject to financial or monetary
restrictions deemed necessary by the detaining power.
When such payments are addressed to dependents,
they are given priority.
51. MAIL AND CENSORSHIP
a. Although a prisoner of war has the right to
receive and send mail, including packages, certain
limitations may be imposed by the detaining power.
If a prisoner of war has not filled out the capture
and correspondence cards, he is given this opportu­
nity not later than one week after arrival at a camp.
If limitations are imposed on prisoner-of-war mail,
the prisoner is still allowed to send, in addition to
capture and correspondence cards, not less than two
letters and four cards per month. In the event of
a transfer from one camp to another, or of sickness,
each prisoner of war is likewise permitted to send a
correspondence card direct to his family and to the
Central Prisoner-of -War Information Agency giving
his name, address, and state of health.
b. All prisoner-of-war correspondence is censored,
and all mail addressed to prisoners of war is exam­
ined in accordance with the Geneva Convention and
Department of the Army. instructions.
c. All correspondence to and from prisoners of
war is exempt from postal dues, both in the countries
of origin and destination and in any intermediate
countries.
d. -No paper, document, note, or written message
may be delivered by a prisoner of war, directly to any
person visiting a camp.
A-GO 1885C 61
e. Chaplains who have been retained and prison­
ers of war who are ministers of religion are free to
correspond, subject to censorship, on matters con­
cerning their religious duties with the ecclesiastical
authorities in the country of detention and with in­
ternational religious organizations. Letters and
cards which they send for this purpose are in addi­
tion to any other quotas imposed on prisoner-of-war
mail.
f. Mail will be conveyed by the most rapid method
at the disposal of the detaining power and may not
be delayed or retained for disciplinary reasons.
52. RELIEF SHIPMENTS
Prisoners of war are allowed to receive by post
or by any other means individual parcels or collective
shipments containing such items as foodstuffs; cloth­
ing; medical supplies; articles of a religious, educa­
tional, or recreational character; seientific equip­
ment; musical instruments; sports outfits; and
materials allowing prisoners of war to pursue their
studies or their cultural activities. All relief ship­
ments for prisoners of war are exempt from import,
customs, and other duties but are subject to inspec­
tion and censorship in accordance with directives of
the Department of the Army.
53. RELIGIOUS, INTELLECTUAL, AND PHYSICAL AC­
TIVITIES
a. Prisoners of war enjoy complete liberty in the
exercise of their religion, including attendance at the
services of their faith, provided that they comply
with the disciplinary routine prescribed by the mili-
A.GO 18815C
62
taryauthorities. Retained chaplains are allowed to
minister to prisoners of war and to exercise freely
their ministrations in accordance with their religious
conscience. Retained chaplains are provided with
necessary facilities, including the means of trans­
portation, for visiting prisoners of war outside their
camp. They should have the right to deal with the
competent authorities of the camp on all questions
relating to their duties. Prisoners of war who are
ministers of religion, without having officiated as
chaplains to their own forces, whatever their de­
nomination, are to be free to minister to the members
of their particular denomination; they receive the
same treatment as retained chaplains, and they are
not obligated to do any other work. In the absence
of a retained chaplain or a prisoner-of-war minister
of their faith, prisoners of war may request that a
minister, or in his absence, a qualified layman, if feas­
ible, belonging to their faith or a similar denomina­
tion, be appointed to function in this capacity. This
appointment, subject to the approval of the Detain­
ing Power, is made with the agreement of the prison­
ers concerned and, wherever necessary, with the local
religious authorities of the same faith.
b. The camp commander and his staff should en­
courage prisoners of war to engage in intellectual,
educational, and recreational activities. Adequate
premises, instructional material and recreational
equipment are provided the prisoners for such activi­
ties when practicable. Prisoners of war are also
given opportunity for taking physical exercise and
for being out of doors. Sufficient open space for
such activities is provided for this purpose in all
camps.
AGO. 1385C
63
54. COMPLAINTS
Prisoners of war have the right to make complaints
to the camp commander regarding their conditions of
captivity. They also have the unrestricted right to
address complaints directly or through their spokes­
men to the representatives of the protecting power.
Even when recognized as unfounded, complaints may
not be the basis for punishment.
55. OFFICER PRISONERS
Officers and prisoners of equivalent status are
treated with the regard due their rank and age.
a. Privileges. Officer prisoners are accorded cer­
tain facilities and privileges commensurate with their
rank. They are provided quarters consistent· with
their rank and are gi ven reasonable opportunities for
recreation and exercise.
b. Orderlies. Officers and prisoners of equivalent
status are assigned orderlies from other ranks of the
same armed forces, who, as far as possible, speak
the same language as the officers. Orderlies are not
required to perform any other work. Except in
unusual circumstances, no enlisted prisoner of war
capable of performing a full day of productive labor
is assigned as an orderly to an officer prisoner of
war.
56. REPATRIATION OF SICK AND WOUNDED
a. Regardless of their number or rank, seriously
wounded and seriously sick prisoners of war must
be sent back to their own country after they have
been medically cared for and are fit to travel, pro-
AGO·· 1385C
64
vided that arrangements have been made with the
country concerned to receive them. However, no
sick or wounded prisoner of war who is eligible for
repatriation may be repatriated against his will dur­
ing hostilities. Throughout the duration of hostili­
• ties, the countries concerned may make arrangements
for the accommodation in neutral countries of sick
and wounded prisoners of war.
b. All appropriate decisions regarding sick and
" wounded prisoners of war are to be made by mixed
medical commissions which are to be appointed upon
the outbreak of hostilities. A mixed medical com­
mission is to be composed of three members. Two
of the members are to belong to a neutral country
and are to be appointed by the International Com­
mittee of the Red Cross. The third member is to be
appointed by the detaining power.
57. ESCAPE
In a theater of operations, notification of the escape
of a prisoner of war is sent immediately by the com­
manding officer of the prisoner-of-war cage or camp,
or by the commander of the escort if the escape is
made while in transit, to all military commands in
the vicinity, to commands in other localities through
which the prisoner is likely to travel, and to higher
headquarters. Each notification of escape is accom­
panied by the best available description of the
escaped prisoner of war and any additional informa-.
tion which may be useful in effecting his recapture.
Notification of all escapes is sent to the Enemy Pris­
oner-of-War Information Bureau, and to indigenous
civil law enforcement officers if appropriate, after
AGO 1385C
65
a sufficient period of time has elapsed to make im­
mediate recapture appear improbable. Notification
of recapture is promptly forwarded to each agency
previously notified of the escape.
58. DEATH
a. Prisoners of war who have died in captivity,
regardless of the cause or manner of death, are hon­
orably buried, if possible according to the rites of ,
their religion. Their graves are respected, properly
maintained, and identified with appropriate markers.
b. Death certificates, or lists certified by a respon­
sible officer, of all persons who die as prisoners of
war are forwarded as rapidly as possible to the En­
emy Prisoner-of-War Information Bureau. The
death certificate or list must identify the individual
and state the date and place of death, the cause of
death, the date and place of burial, and all data
necessary to identify the grave. 'When a body is
cremated, this fact, together with the reasons for
this procedure, must be stated in the death certificate.
c. The burial or cremation of a prisoner of war
must be preceded by a medical examination of the
body. Bodies may be cremated only for imperative
reasons of hygiene, on account of the prisoner's re­
ligion, or upon his request for cremation.
a. If the cause of death is unknown, or if a death
or serious injury of a prisoner of war was caused or
suspected to have been caused by a sentry, another
prisoner of war, or any other person, an official in­
quiry should be made and a report of the findings •
sent to the Office of The Provost Marshal General.
e. Enemy identification media, such as identifica-
AGO 1385C 66
tion tags, are forwarded to the Enemy Prisoner-of­
War Information Bureau. Duplicate identification
media if any, or copies of originals, remain with the
body.
59. LABOR
a. GeneraZ. The detaining power may utilize as
laborers prisoners of war who are physically fit.
Although prisoners of war are generally employed
in the communications zone, they may be employed
in rear areas of the combat zone, or in the zone of
interior within areas of labor specified by the Geneva
Convention. The provost marshal of tlste communi­
cations zone reports the number of prisoners of war
available for labor to the Assistant Chief of Staff,
G-l. G-l allocates available labor to other staff agen­
cies based on their requirements. G-4 receives a bulk
allocation of prisoner-of-war laborers and reallo­
cates to the technical services as may be required.
Prisoners of war should be screened occupationally
and for security before assignment.
b. Supervisors. The number of guards required
for prisoners of war who are retained in the com­
munications zone for labor depends upon the labor
project and the number of prisoners of war utilized.
For best results, prisoners of war should be worked
under the immediate supervision of their own non­
commissioned officers who, in turn, should be super­
vised by officer prisoners of war, if possible. Super­
vision of prisoners of war employed at Navy or Air
Force installations becomes the responsibility of
those services upon their acceptance of prisoners for
such employment.
AGO 1385C
67
c. Restrictio'M. The Provost Marshal General,
acting for the Army, normally designates the type
of labor in which prisoners of war may be employed.
Limitations governing prisoner-of-war labor include
the following:
(1) No prisoner of war may be employed at
work for which he is physically unfit. All
prisoners of war are given a physical ex­
amination before being assigned to work,
and are examined periodically, at least once
a month.
(2) Noncommissioned officers may be required
to do only supervisory work. Officers and
noncommissioned officers may be permitted
to work if they request it.
(3) The duration of the daily labor of a pris­
oner of war, including the time of the jour­
ney to and from work, must not be exces­
sive, and must in no case exceed the time al­
lowed for civilian workers employed at the
same work in the same district. A prisoner
of war must be allowed definite rest periods,
including not less than one hour in the
middle of the day's work; 24 consecutive
hours weekly, preferably on Sunday or the
day of rest in his country of origin; and
eight paid consecutive days, if he has
worked for one year.
(4) In addition to work connected with camp
administration, installation, or mainte­
nance, prisoners of war may be compelled
to do only such work as is included in the
following classes: agriculture; domestic
68' AGO l3Blle
service; transport and handling of stores
which are not military in character or pur­
pose; commercial business, and arts and
crafts; and industries or public utility serV­
ices which have no military character or
purpose. For instance, prisoners of war
may not be compelled to work in metallur­
gical, machinery, and chemical industries,
but it is permissible to utilize prisoners of
• war in labor which is not military in char­
acter or purpose, such as assisting in pre­
ventive medicine activities; e. g., clearing
and straightening s t rea m s, draining
swamps, and applying residual-type insecti­
cide for controlling insect-borne diseases.
(5) Unless he volunteers, no prisoner of war
may be employed on labor which is of an
unhealthy or dangerous nature. The re­
moval of mines or similar devices is con­
sidered as dangerous labor.
(6) A prisoner of war may not be assigned to
labor which is looked upon as humiliating
for a member of the Armed Forces of the
United States.
(7) Suitable working conditions must be
granted prisoners of war, particularly in
respect to accommodations, food, clothing,
and equipment. Safety precautions and
regulations must also be applied.
(8) Retained chaplains and prisoners of war
who are ministers of religion performing
such duties are not to be compelled to carry
out any work other than that concerned with
their religious duties.
AGO.13S5C 69
d. Oompensation and Labor Detaohments. Pris­
oners of war are paid a fair working rate. The pay
at no time may be less than one-fourth of one Swiss
franc for a full working day. Working pay is like­
wise paid to prisoners of war who are permanently
detailed to duties or a skilled or semiskilled occupa­
tion in connection with the administration, manage­
ment, and maintenance of prisoner-of-war camps.
(1) Branch camps are organized and adminis­
tered in a manner similar to prisoner-of-war
camps. Labor detachments are adminis­
tered by the prisoner-of-war camp. The
military authorities and the commander of
the camp are responsible for the observance
of the provisions of the Geneva Oonvention
in labor detachments.
(2) Prisoners of war are counted and inspected
before going to and upon returning from
work; if necessary, they are searched.
Special counts and searches are made at un­
scheduled times.
(3) When prisoners of war are employed on
projects by employers other than the Army,
even if the employers are responsible for
guarding and protecting them, the prison­
ers are treated as provided by the Oonven­
tion and pertinent Department of the Army
regulations and directives. The Army con­
tinues to be responsible for the maintenance,
care, treatment, security, and payment of
the working pay of prisoners of war em­
ployed by industry.
AGO 1385C 70
(4) When prisoner of war labor is requested by
units of the Army or by other services for
labor by the day, the requesting unit or
service is responsible, only during the hours
of employment, for the security and proper
employment of the prisoners. Adminis­
tration remains the responsibility of the
camp commander.
60. INJURED AND DISEASED PRISONERS
A prisoner of war who sustains injury or contracts
a disease in the course of or as a consequence of his
work receives all the care his condition may require.
The prisoner of war also receives a medical certificate
which may enable him to submit a claim to the power
on which he depends. A duplicate copy of the medi­
cal certificate is sent to the Central Prisoner-of-W ar
Information Agency.
Section III. TRANSFER AND EVACUATION
61. TRANSFER OF PRISONERS OF WAR
a. The transfer of prisoners of war is always ef­
fected humanely and under conditions not less favor­
able than those under which United States troops are
transported. Sufficient food, potable water, cloth­
ing, shelter, and medical attention are provided dur­
ing transfer. Adequate precautions are taken to
insure the safety of the prisoners. Sick and wounded
prisoners of war are not transferred if their recovery
may be impaired.
b. In the event of transfer, prisoners of war are
officially advised of their departure and their new
AGO 1385C
71
postal address in sufficient time to permit them to
pack their luggage and to notify their next of kin
(par. 51).
c. Prisoners of war are allowed to take with them
their personal effects, the weight of which may be
limited, if circumstances so require, to the amount
each prisoner can reasonably carry, which is not to
exceed twenty-five kilograms (approximately 55
pounds) per person.
62. EVACUATION BY WATER
a. When prisoners of war are transferred or evac­
uated by vessel within a theater of operations, the
move is so coordinated that the unit, camp, or en­
closure transferring custody and the unit, camp, or
enclosure receiving the prisoners have full informa­
tion as to the number of prisoners being transferred,
and the time of departure and the estimated time of
arrival of the vessel. In addition, arrangements are
made for necessary guard personnel and for trans­
portation to and from the port or beach.
b. Alphabetical shipping lists of prisoners of war
are made for each transport. The shipping lists in­
clude the full name, grade, nationality, service num­
ber, and capture date; if the prisoners have been
processed, the internment serial number is included.
Rosters are completed in sufficient number to provide
copies for the officer or senior noncommissioned offi­
cer in charge of the guard accompanying the prison­
ers, the commanding officer of the receiving prisoner­
of-war unit or installation, the provost marshal
concerned, the port authorities, and other appropri­
ate officials.
72
A . G O . 1 8 8 ~
c. Prisoners of war are assembled in inclosed or
otherwise secured areas at the port of embarkation,
are divided into groups, and are searched before they
board ship. Prohibited items are impounded or con­
fiscated. After the search, each group is escorted
under guard, to the gangplank according to the order
of embarkation, and is conducted to its assigned area
aboard ship. Wounded and seriously ill prisoners
are loaded first, and then officer prisoners and other
groups. Head counts are made upon boarding and
at appropriate intervals thereafter. The segrega­
tion of prisoners is maintained throughout the as­
sembling, the boarding, and the quartering on ship.
Each prisoner carries his own clothing and other
possessions; however, the possessions of the wounded
or the ill and of high ranking officers are carried
aboard by special prisoner-of-war details. When
required, prisoners are deloused prior to embarkation.
d. Safety and hygienic conditions aboard ship
should conform to the requirements of the Geneva
Convention. Life belts should be provided, and fire
and boat drills conducted. Adequate latrine facili­
ties as well as sufficient ventilation and air space to
maintain health standards should be made available.
Wounded and seriously ill prisoners of war should be
separated and prisoners with communicable diseases
should be isolated from other prisoners. Adequate
medical facilities, potable water, food, and clothing
to maintain health should be provided. In addition,
instructions should be given to the prisoners with re­
gard to restricted areas, light regulations, smoking
privileges, and other prohibitions or privileges. Ade­
quate confinement facilities should be provided for
A.GO .1385C
73
prisoners who violate regulations. Signs should be
posted in the languages of the prisoners.
e. Aboard ship, prisoners of war serve as cooks;
as food handlers; as kitchen police; and as clean-up
details for decks, latrines, showers, and bunk or sleep­
ing areas.
f. If sleeping facilities are inadequate, provision
is made to rotate the prisoners of war, by roster or
shift, among the available hammocks, bunks, or pal­
lets.
g. If meSs facilities are inadequate, it may only
be possible to provide two meals per day per prisoner,
or the prisoners may be divided into several groups,
each group eating at a different time.
h. If a prisoner of war dies aboard ship, the com­
mander of the escorting unit completes and forwards
the required certificate or authentication to the
Enemy Prisoner-of-War Information Bureau (par.
58). If circumstances require the burial of a pris­
oner of war at sea, the latitude and longitude of the
place of burial are given in the report.
63. EVACUATION FROM COMMUNICATIONS ZONE
The number of prisoners of war to be evacuated
from the communications zone to the zone of interior
is governed by such factors as available shipping,
theater labor requirements, and facilities in the zone
of interior. Prior to each authorized shipment of
prisoners, The Provost Marshal General, Department
of the Army, must be informed of the numbers, ranks,
and nationalities of prisoners of war being evacuated.
AGO la811e
74
CHAPTER 4
MILITARY POLICE PRISONER-Of-WAR UNITS
Section I. MILITARY POLICE PRISONER-Of-WAR
PROCESSING COMPANY
64. ORGANIZATION
The military police prisoner-of-war processing
company is organized under T/O & E 19-237. The
company consists of a company headquarters and
three platoons. The company headquarters provides
for the internal administration and mess of the com­
pany. Each platoon is capable of operating inde­
pendently, and is composed of a platoon headquarters
and five specialized sections, which are designated as
the receiving, processing, photographic, fingerprint,
and record sections. Each platoon is capable of
processing at least one prisoner of war per minute.
65. MISSION
The mission of the military police prisoner-of­
war processing company is to receive, search, and
process prisoners of war. Processing includes mak­
ing and maintaining permanent reports and records,
assigning internment serial numbers to all prisoners,
and furnishing pertinent information to the Enemy
Prisoner-of-War Information Bureau.
AGO 1385C 7S
66. ASSIGNMENT
Prisoner-of-war processing companies are as­
signed to field armies and the communications zone
as required. Platoons from the company may be
attached to task forces.
67. COMPANY OPERATIONS
a. The prisoner-of-war processing company nor­
mally operates by platoons. When the company is
operating as a unit, the platoons should be sepa­
rated sufficiently to permit efficient operations.
b. The physical arrangement of a platoon for
processing is determined by the physical layout of
the building or tent used. In processing, provision
should be made for the continuous movement of
prisoners of war from one section to another, and for
sufficient space between the sections to allow for the
efficient functioning of each section. (See fig. 7.)
c. In processing prisoners of war, speed and
smoothness of movement are primary considerations.
To prevent monotony and to insure the continuous
functioning of the platoon in the event of losses,
each member of the platoon is trained to handle at
least one additional processing assignment. Changes
of personnel between sections are made as neces­
sary to insure the continuous processing of the pris­
oners. Each unit determines through practice the
most economical arrangement of personnel.
d. When the company operates as a complete unit,
the continuous processing of prisoners of war may be
maintained over a twenty-four hour period by as­
signing an eight hour shift to each platoon. In the
event that the sudden receipt of a large number of
AGO 1385C
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prisoners requires more than one platoon to be on
duty at the same time, the schedule is revised by the
company commander.
e. 1£ the company is assigned interpreters for more
than one language, linguists proficient in the same
language are assigned to different platoons. Non­
interpreter personnel should know at. least those
phrases in the foreign language that will expedite the
handling of the prisoners of war within their section.
68. TREATMENT OF PRISONERS
Processing personnel refrain from touching pris­
oners unnecessarily during processing. Prisoners
of war are directed by words, signs, and gestures.
69. USE OF SIGNS
Signs, printed in the languages of the prisoners
and in English, are used to assist in directing prison­
ers of war through precessing. Both directional
signs, guiding them from place to place, and instruc­
tional signs, informing them what is expected of
them, are helpful.
70. CARRYING OF FIREARMS
Firearms are not worn or carried by personnel of
the military police prisoner-of-war processing com­
pany while prisoners of war are being processed.
71. PLATOON OPERATIONS
As the platoon may frequently be separated from
the company headquarters, the platoon is trained to
handle its own administration. The platoon leader
is responsible for the training and operation of the
AGO 1385C
78
platoon. Prisoners of war may be used to assist the
platoon in the processing procedure. The platoon
leader selects from each group of prisoners of war
to be processed one or more prisoners senior in grade
or rank who can speak English. The leader explains
to these prisoners the purpose of the processing, and
makes them responsible for the conduct of the groups.
As far as practicable, the platoon leader relays or­
ders and instructions to the prisoners through these
• selected leaders. (See fig. 7.)
72. RECEIVING SECTION
a. Operation. A prisoner of war is handled by
the receiving section in the following manner:
(1) The prisoner of war enters the processing
building or tent and is directed to a mem­
ber of the receiving section, called the re­
oeiver, who asks the prisoner to remove his
personal possessions and place them on a
tray. The reoeiver records the name of the
prisoner on the Basic Personnel Record
Prisoner of War-Enemy Alien (DA Form
19-2), and assigns him an internment serial
number. The reoeiver then directs the pris­
oner to the searoher, at the same time mov­
ing the tray containing the personal pos­
sessions to the inspeotor. The inspeotor
examines the effects while the search is be­
ing conducted.
(2) The prisoner of war is carefully searched
for concealed weapons; signal devices;
papers or books containing any invisible
writing; pictures, maps, or sketches of mili-
AGO 1385C 79
tary or naval installations; equipment or
implements of war; and other unauthorized
articles that may have been overlooked in
previous searches. If any such articles are
found, they are placed with the prisoner's
other effects on the tray before the i'Mpeotor.
The i'Mpeotor informs the olerk of the arti­
cles belonging to the prisoner that are to be
taken from him and retained by the Gov­
ernment. All these articles are recorded in
a special property register and a receipt
given to the prisoner of war for money or
items of value. These articles are also re­
corded on DA Form 19-2 and are placed in
a container that is marked with the pris­
oner's name, assigned serial number, and
any other required information.
(3) The prisoner then moves to the next station
where he is weighed, where his height is
measured, and where he is examined for
identifying marks. The data together with
his age are also recorded on DA Form 19-2.
The prisoner is then handed his form and
directed to the processing section.
b. Special I'Mtruotio'M.
(1) Members of the receiving section must be
thoroughly familiar with foreign money.
Care must constantly be exercised to detect
counterfeit currency.
(2) Noninterpreters should know such words
and phrases in the prisoner's language as­
"Place your personal effects in this tray."
"Place hands here."
"Stand here."
AGO 1385C
80
"Stand there."
"Do you have any s c a r s ~ "
"Step on scale."
"Take your things."
"Do not rush."
"Wait."
"That is all."
73. PROCESSING SECTION
a. Interpreter8. The noncommissioned officers of
the processing section assign prisoners of war to in­
terpreters. When required, certain selected and
trusted prisoners of war may be used as interpreters.
Members of the processing section should memorize
the information required by the prisoner-of-war per­
sonnel record. A thorough know ledge of the reasons
behind each question on the form is of assistance in
obtaining the required information.
b. Que8tioning Pri8oner8. The questioning of a
prisoner of war is confined to obtaining the informa­
tion necessary to complete the personnel record.
When the information has been recorded, the in­
terpreter initials the form, hands it to the prisoner,
and directs him to the photographic section.
c. Special Instructions. The noncommissioned of­
ficer in charge of the processing section must be able
to speak and read fluently the language designated
for his group. He should know the abilities of the
interpreters, so that when advisable he may readily
make special assignments of prisoners. He should
carefully observe the progress of the interviews and,
where there appears to be unnecessary delay, per­
sonally take charge. The interpreters should have
AGO 1385C 81
paper and pencil available; prisoners can frequently
assist interpreters by writing unusual names.
74. PHOTOGRAPHIC SECTION·
a. FWlUJtioning. The members of this section
should be qualified photographers. Each member of
the section should be trained to perform the work
of every other member so that the duties can be ro­
tated during the actual processing. To maintain a
high standard of work, developers and printers must
receive relief at frequent intervals.
b. Identification Board Group. Theidentification
board group receives the prisoners of war from the
processing section, prepares the boards on the basis
of the information contained on the personnel rec­
ords, and shows the boards to the prisoners for verifi­
cation. At least three men are needed to prepare the
boards. Men temporarily relieved from developing
and printing may be used for this work. The boards
are prepared in accordance with Department of the
Army directives.
c. Oamera Group. This group consists of the
photographer and his assistant. The assistant re­
ceives each prisoner of war and the identification
board, directs the prisoner to the spot designated, has
him face the· camera, and places the board. After the
picture is taken, the assistant turns the prisoner of
war for a profile view. It is good practice to have
the prisoner of war stand, rather than sit, during
the photographing.
d. Special Instructions.
(1) Before beginning the processing, a few
photographs should be taken and developed
to insure proper lighting and exposure.
AGO 1385C
82
(2) Members of the photographic section should
know such words and phrases in the prison­
er's language as­
"Come with me."
"Face the ca.mera."
"Face me."
"Turn around."
"Raise your head."
"Stand still."
"Stand here."
..
"That is all."
"Wait."
"Next."
75. FINGERPRINT SECTION
a. Finge1'prVnting. When the photographs have
been taken, the prisoner of war is directed to the
fingerprint section. The fingerprinter makes certain
that the hands of the prisoner are clean and free from
any oily substance, applies the ink, and takes the
prints, being careful to protect the forms from
smudging or smearing. The prisoner is then di­
rected to cleanse his hands with the materials pro­
vided for this purpose, is handed the forms, and is
sent to the record section.
b. Special Instructions.
(1) To minimize fatigue, duties should be ro­
tated among the members of the section.
(2) Members of the fingerprint section should
lmow such words and phrases in the prison­
ers language as­
"Clean your hands."
"Relax."
AGO 1385C
83
"Do not press."
"Roll your arm this way."
76. RECORD SECTION
a. Per80nnel. Members of this section should be
competent typists; should be accurate, careful, and
thorough in their duties; and should be trained to
detect errors quickly.
b. Function. This section types the information
secured by the preceding sections. The forms are
checked carefully for correctness and completeness.
When any mistake or omission is found, the form is
returned to the section responsible, and the further
processing of the prisoner of war is delayed until the
correction is made. The forms are filed until the
photographs are received from the photographic
section. Forms are usually filed by internment serial
numbers. 'When the photographs are received, they
are attached to the forms, care being exercised that
the correct pictures are attached to the proper forms.
Each member of the record section initials all the
records handled by him.
c. Di8p08ition of Form8.
(1) The original copy of the prisoner-or-war
record is retained at the camp until the
prisoner is transferred, at which time it is
forwarded to the commanding officer of the
new camp. The record section forwards the
duplicate copy to the Enemy Prisoner-of-
War Information Bureau where it is re­
tained as the basic record of the prisoner.
(2) Personal effects which are not retained by
the prisoner of war during his internment
AGO l381le

.
_
84
are disposed of in accordance with Depart­
ment of the Army instructions (par. 21).
(3) The record section also prepares and trans­
mits to appropriate officials such other iden­
tification records as may be prescribed by the
theater commander.
d. Special Instructions. Members of the record
section should know such words and phrases in the
prisoners, language as­
" "Is this your name 1"
"Wait."
"Stand over here."
"That is all."
"Go out that door."
Section II. MILITARY POLICE GUARD COMPANY
77. ORGANIZATION
There are two types of military police guard com­
panies: military police guard company (mobile) and
military police guard company.
a. The military police guard company (mobile)
is organized under TjO & E 19-47. The company
consists of a. company headquarters and three
platoons.
b. The military police guard company is organized
under TjO & E 19-247. The company consists of a
company headquarters, three guard platoons, and a
machine gun section.
78. MISSION AND ASSIGNMENT
a. The mission of the military police guard com­
pany (mobile) is to guard and evacuate prisoners of
AGO 1385C 85
war and interned enemy aliens. The companies are
assigned to field armies and the communications zone
as required.
o. The mission of the military police guard com­
pany is to guard prisoners of war or interned enemy
aliens, both at prisoner-of-war camps or cages and
during transfer to and between cages, camps, and
ports. The companies are assigned to the communi­
cations zone and to the zone of interior as required.
79. CAPABILITIES
a. The military police guard company (mobile)
is capable of providing the guard for 2,000 to 3,000
prisoners of war or interned enemy aliens at prisoner­
of-war cages; evacuating 1,000 to 1,500 prisoners of
war or interned enemy aliens by marching; and pro­
viding the guard for the evacuation of 1,500 to 2,000
prisoners of war or interned enemy aliens by motor
in vehicles of Transportation Corps truck companies
or in other vehicles under the control of an army,
a corps, or the communications zone.
b. The military police guard company is capable
of providing the guard for 2,000 to 2,500 prisoners
of war or interned enemy aliens at prisoner-of-war
cages (may be augmented with teams from TjO & E
19-500 in case the physical layout of the cage or
the number of prisoners or internees so dictates) ;
providing the guard for 1,500 to 2,000 prisoners of
war or interned enemy aliens at prisoner-of-war
camps; providing the guard for three to four prison­
er-of-war labor companies employed on work proj­
ects distant from cages or camps; evacuating 1,000
to 1,500 prisoners of war or interned enemy aliens
AGO 1385C
86
by marching; providing the guard and escort for
the movement of fifty truckloads of prisoners of war
by motor; and providing the guard and escort for
the movement of 2,000 to 3,000 prisoners of war by
rail in standard-type military railway trains.
80. WITH AN ARMY OR SEPARATE CORPS

One or more military police guard companies may
be attached to a field army, or to a corps when it is
operating independently. The guard company op­
erates at the army or corps prisoner-of-war cage or
at a prisoner-of-war camp in the communication
zone. Prisoners of war who are transferred from
an army or corps prisoner-of-war cage to the zone of
interior are transported to the port of embarkation
under a guard furnished by a guard company from
the communications zone. At the port of embarka­
tion the prisoners of war are turned over to the port
commander for shipment to the zone of interior.
8:1. WITH LOGISTICAL COMMAND
a. Military police guard companies that are at­
tached to a logistical command are assigned to
prisoner-of-war camps or projects, or are used to
guard prisoners of war who are being evacuated or
who are being transported to camps on work projects.
b. A guard company that is assigned to a prisoner­
of-war camp performs the following duties:
(1) Guards prisoners of war within the camp.
(2) Furnishes guard details for prisoners of
war working outside the camp.
(3) Furnishes guard details for prisoners of
war being transferred from one camp to
another.
AGO 1385C
87
APPENDIX
TRAINING
1. GENERAL
The training of personnel assigned to handle pris­
oners of war may be divided into three categories:
basic, technical, and tactical. This appendix is con­
cerned primarily with the technical training appli­
cable to personnel assigned to a military police
prisoner-of-war processing company or a military
police guard company. In preparing the training
program, emphasis m-.lst be placed on the subjects
that are most applicable to the type of duties that
are to be performed. In a military police prisoner­
of-war processing company, for example, the train­
ing program should emphasize the coordinating of
the various sections and specialist skills in order to
develop the teamwork necessary to aGcomplish the
mission. On the other hand, in a military police
guard company, the training program should em­
phasize such subjects as the movement and guarding
of prisoners of war.
2. PURPOSE OF TRAINING
The main objective of all military training is
success in combat. Training in the handling of pris­
oners of war furt!1ers the accomplishment of the
military mission through the proper disposition and
AGO 138CiC
88
advantageous utilization of prisoners of war in ac­
cordance with the Geneva Oonvention of 1 ~ August
1949 and pertinent directives.
3. STANDARDS TO BE ATTAINED
a. General. All personnel assigned to handle pris­
oners of war should:
(1) Understand the provisions of the Geneva
Oonvention relative to the Treatment of
Prisoners of War, including the following:
(a) Rights of prisoners of war.
(b) Information that prisoners of war are re­
quired to give to captors.
«(]) Personal effects of prisoners of war that
are to be retained by the prisoners, or
to be impounded or confiscated by the
captors; disposition of personal effects
impounded or confiscated.
(d) Conditions of transfer of prisoners of
war.
(e) Interment of prisoners of war.
(I) Quarters, food, and clothing for prIs­
oners of war.
(g) Hygiene and medical attention for pris­
oners of war.
(h) Discipline of prisoners of war; use of
force.
(i) Labor of prisoners of war.
(j) Payment of prisoners of war.
(k) Penal and disciplinary sanctions for pris­
oners of war.
(l) Release, repatriation, and death of pris­
oners of war.
AGO 1385C 89
(m) Information bureaus and relief societies
for prisoners of war.
(2) Know their jurisdiction and authority over
prisoners of war.
(3) Be familiar with military regulations as to
degTee of force to be used in the control
of prisoners of war.
(4) Know how to search prisoners of war.
(5) Know the disposition that is to be made of
confiscated and impounded effects, includ­
ing all material of intelligence value.
(6) Develop a practical working knowledge of
the language of the enemy.
b. Military Police Prisoner-of-War Proce88ing
Oompany. In addition to attaining the standards
for all personnel handling prisoners of war, person­
nel of the military police prisoner-of-war processing
company should­
(1) Be able to operate independently in indi­
vidual platoons, each platoon capable of
processing one prisoner of war per minute
on an eight hour basis.
(2) Maintain all necessary individual records
with regard to prisoners of war.
(3) Furnish pertinent information compiled to
the Enemy Prisoner-of-vVar Information
Bureau.
(4) Be proficient in more than one of the spe­
cialist skills required in the prC!cessing com­
pany, so that personnel may be rotated to
insure continuous, complete, and uninter­
rupted processing.
c. Military Police Guard Oompany. In addition
to attaining the standards for all personnel handling
AGO 1385C
90
prisoners of war, personnel of the military police
guard company should:
(1) Be able to evacuate prisoners of war, main­
tain segregation, eriforce discipline, prevent
escapes, and protect documents or material
of intelligence value.
(2) Know how to tag prisoners of war.
(3) Know how to guard prisoners of war.
4. TECHNICAL TRAINING OBJECTIVES
a. Military Police Prisoner-of-War Processing
Oompany.
(1) The over-all technical training objective
for a military police prisoner-of-war proc­
essing company is to train it to process effi­
ciently one prisoner of war per minute on a
hour basis and to attain profi­
ciency in the maintenance of the records,
forms, and reports required for transmittal
to the Enemy Information
Bureau.
(2) To insure the effective performance of the
company as a unit, its personnel are trained
to become proficient in the following:
. (a) Coordinating the activities of the sections.
(b) Establishing processing stations.
(c) Establishing security measures.
(d) Guarding prisoners of war.
(e) Searching prisoners of war.
(I) Repairing or replacing damaged equip­
ment.
(g) Loading and unloading equipment.
(3) To insure the effective operation of each
AGO 1385C 9T
of the five sections, personnel assigned to
the sections are trained to become proficient
in the following:
(a) Receivin,q section.
1. Recording names.
~ . Assigning internment serial numbers.
3. Searching prisoners of war.
4. Examining personal effects.
5. Recording effects taken from prisoners
.;
of war.
6. Disposing of effects taken from prisoners
of war.
7. Recording weight, height, age, and iden­
tifying marks.
(0) Processing section.
1; Interrogating prisoners of war.
~ . Recording information.
(c) Photographic section.
1. Preparing identification boards.
~ . Verifying identification boards.
3. Taking photographs.
4. Developing and printing.
(d) Fingerprint section.
1. Inking plates.
~ . Producing clear, readable fingerprint
records.
(e) Record section.
1. Recording information.
~ . Filing forms .
. b. Military Police Guard Oompany. To insure
the proper performance of their duties; individuals
assigned to the military police guard company are
trained in the essential techniques that are necellsary
to insure the efficient achievement of the·following:
AGO 1385C
92
(1) Tagging prisoners of war.
(2) Guarding prisoners of war at cages and
camps.
(3) Evacuating prisoners of war by foot, motor,
rail, and plane, or boat.
(4) Searching prisoners of war.
(5) Protecting prisoners of war against public
insult or curiosity.
(6) Guarding, marking, and disposing of con­
fiscated or impounded prisoner-of-war per­
sonal effects.
(7) Segregating prisoners of war.
(8) Enforcing military laws and regulations
and maintaining order.
(9) Handling escapes.
(10) Handling and disposing of injured pris­
oners of war.
(11) Transporting prisoners of war, including
loading, unloading, embarking, and de­
barking.
(12) Counting and receipting for prisoners of
war.
(13) Using the services of enemy medical and
other protected personnel.
5. MINIMUM TRAINING SCHEDULE
The minimum training schedule which follows is
only a guide for the technical training of the indi­
vidual members of a military police prisoner-of-war
processing company and a military police guard
company. Additional training as appropriate and
as needed should be included in the training pro­
gram.
AGO 1385C 93
GENERAL ALLOTMENT OF TIME
Subject
Hours
1
5
3
2
6
2
4
8
50
1
82
Introduction____ ___ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ ___ __ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _
Geneva Conventions________________________ '- __
Disciplinary Measures ________________________ _
Interrogation________________________________ _
Capture_____________________________________ _
Collection___________________________________ _
Evacuation___ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___
Prisoners of War in the Communications Zone ____
Military Police Prisoner-of-War Processing Com­
pany_____________________________________ _
Military Police Guard Company_______________ _
Total hours_____________________________
1
4
5
1
6
4
12
12
1
2
48
'MPGC-Military Police Guard Company.
"MPPWPO-Military Police Prisoner-oI-War Company.
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.AGO 1385C
94
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6. ADDITIONAL TRAINING
In addition to the training required for handling
prisoners of war, personnel of the military police
prisoner-of-war processing company and the mili­
tary police guard company should receive training in
such subjects as the following:
a. The physical training required for dismounted
ground combat consistent with the maximum capa­
bilities of the unit.
o. The principles of concealment and camouflage,
cover, and movement. "
c. Security consciousness that will assure detec­
tion and action against subversive activities;' de­
fense against infiltration, guerrilla warfare, and en­
emy partisan activities.
d. Control of traffic and circulation of individuals.
e. Protection of property to include assistance to
civil authorities when specifically authorized.
f. The operation of the unit including adminis­
tration, motor maintenance, communication,' and
supply functions.
g. Prescribed standards for the maintenance of
all organization equipment.
h. Other duties normally assigned to military
police.
7. TRAINING CONSIDERATIONS
Training should simulate as closely as possible
the actual problems that will be encountered in the
field. Ingenuity should be exercised in presenting
problems and situations that will stimulate interest.
Realistic training and realism in maneuvers and
field exercises appropriate to the unit's function and
mission should be stressed.
AGO-1385C
103:
INDEX
P a r a ~
Paue
UTaph
Activities, POW:
IntellectuaL________________________ 52, 53b
62,63
PhysicaL___________________________ 52, 53b
62,63
.,
Religious___________________________ 52,53b
62,63
Administrative considerations:
Activities, POW____ " _______________ 52, 53b
62,63
Allowances, pay and__________________ 50
5.9
Censorship, mail and_ _ _ _____ _ _ __ ___ __ 51
61
Command responsibilities __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 45b
51
Complaints___ _______ _ __ _ _ _ _____ ____ _ 54
64
Courtesies_____ -'·_____ ___ __ _ _ _ _ ____ ___ 46
55
])eath______________________________ 58
66
])iseased prisoners _____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ 60
71
Escape______________________________ 57
65
Equipment, supplies and______________ 47 56
Facilities, sanitation and medicaL__ _ _ _ _ 49 58
General_____________________________ 44
49
Injured and diseased prisoners __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 60 71
Intellectual activities_ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 53
62
Labor:
Compensation __________________ _
59d 70
GeneraL _______________________ _
59a 67
Restrictions ____________________ _
59c 68
Supervisors_____________________ _
59b 67
Mail and censorshi p ____ .... _ - __ - - _ - _ - - - 51 61
Officer prisoners_____________ - ___ -_ - --
55 64
Orderlies___________________ - __ -_
55b 64
privileges ___________ - ___ - - _ - - - --
55a 64
Pay a.nd .allowances ___________ - ____ -_
50 59
~
Physical activities __________ - - - - - ----- 53 62
Policies ____________________ - _ - - - - - -_
45 49
104
AGO 1385C
Administrative considerations-Continued
Prisoner of war:
Evacuation_____________________ _
Labor _________________________ _
Officers ________________________ _
Organization ___________________ _
Representativcs _________________ _
Transfer _______________________ _
Principles __________________________ _
Processing__________________________ _
Property, personaL _________________ _
Records____________________________ _
Relief shipments ____________________ _
Religious activiti€s __________________ _
Repatriation of sick and wounded_____ _
Reports, records and ________________ _
Sanitation and medical care __________ _
Supplies and equipment:
Canteens_______________________ _
Clothing_______________________ _
Miscellaneous___________________ _
Rations________________________ _
Transfer of prisoners of war __________ _
Agency, Central POW Information________ _
Allowances, pay and_____________________ _
Boundary, rear, forward displacemenL ____ _
Cages, Figure 3_________________________ _
Camps, POW, Figures 6,7,8_____________ _
Capture:
I>ocuments__________________________
Escorts_____________________________
l'
Evacuation to collecting point_________
GeneraL _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____ _ _ _ _
Interrogation at collelting point________
Movement to division collecting point_ _

Responsibility for POW_______________
Paro.­
graph
61-63
59
55
45e
451
61
45a
45d
48
45c
52
53
56
45c
49
47d
47a
47c
47b
61
9c
50
40
38, 41
43
20
24
18b
18
18b
23
18c
Search, immediate___________________ 18a, 19
Page
71
67
64
53
53
71
49
51
57
51
62
62
64
51
58
57
56
57
57
71
11
59
41
39,42
44
23
27
22
22
22
26
22
22,23
Segregation__ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ 22
26
Censorship, mail and ____ ________________ 51b
61
7
lOS'
AGO 1385C
P a T a ~
Page
IIraph
Collecting point:
Airborne division____________________ 27
30
Arctic operations______ ____ _ _ __ ___ ___ _ 30a
32
Armored division_____________________ 28b
31
In a rapid pursuit_ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 28d
32
Definition_ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 18b
22
Desert operatiom __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 30b
33
Division ____________________________ 23,24b
26,27
Purpose_____________________________ 25
28
General_____________________________ 25
28 ..
Infantry division_____________________ 26
28
Collection____________________________ 18b, App.
22,88
Compensation _______________'_ ___ _ _ _ _ _ ___ 59d
70
Complaints______________________________ 54
64
Communications zone, evacuation to_ _ _____ 39
41
Correspondence______________________ 38g, 51, 61b
40,61,
71.
Courtesies____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ 46
55
Death of prisoner of war:
BuriaL _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 58a, b
66
Death certificate_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 58b
66
Examination of body _ _____ ____ _______ 58e
66
Identification media_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 58e
66
Inquiry to determine cause_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 58d
66
On ship_____________________________ 62h
74
Personal effects of deceased_ ______ _ _ _ _ _ 48b
58
Report to protecting power___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 58d
66
Discipline:
Measures, disciplinary___________ 12-14, App.
13,88
Punishment:
Collective______________________ _
12e 13
Sanctions, disciplinary:
Confinement________________ _ "
13e 15
Duration___________________ _
13a 14
Escapees___________________ _
13d 15
Fatigue duties ______________ _
13b 15
"
Summary punishment poweL __ 13e 15
Standards__________________________ _
16d 20
Use of weapons against POW_________ _
12e 14
AGO 1385C
106
Para­
Page
gra]Jh
Diseased prisoners_______________________ _
60 71
Displacement of Army rear boundry_______ _
40 41
Division:
Airborne___________________________ _
27 30
Armored___________________________ _
28 31
; Infantry___________________________ _
26 28
Documents_____________________________ _
20 23
Education______________________________ 53b, 3e
63, 2
Effects, personaL _ ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ ___ 21
24
Employment- ___________________________ 3e, 59
2,67
Equipment, supplies and____ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ __ 47
56
Escape_________________________________ 13d,57
15,65
Escorts ________________________________ 24, 26c
27, 29
Evacuation ________________ 3,31-40,61-63, App.
2,33,
71,88
Airborne operations _________________ _
36 38
Amphibious operations_______________ _
35 38
Initial phase____________________ _
35a 38
intermediate phase______________ _
35b 38
Final phase_____________________ _
35e 38
Army operations:
Cages___________________________ 38a
39
Notification of families____________ 38g
40
Processing______ ___ ___ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ 38
39
Processing Companies___ 45d (3), 64-76 53,75
Receipting for prisoners__ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 38b
39
Record, POW personneL _____ 45d (1),.(2)
51,52
Sanitary measures________________ 38d
40
Search of prisoner________________ 38e
39
Serial number, internmenL___ 45d (1), (2) 51,52
Shelters_____ _ _ __ ___ __ __ _ _ __ __ ___ 38a
39
By water____________________________ 62
72
Communications zone:
Evacuation from_________________ 63 74
Evacuation to_ ____ ___ _ _ _ __ ___ ___ 39 41

Diagrams, figures 1, 2 _____________________________ _
Displacement of rear boundry line______ 40 41
GenerM_____________________________ 31-40 33
Handling during_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ 16d 20
AGO 1385C 107
Para·
P"ge
graph
Evacuation-Continued
Interrogation of POW during, figure L_ 16e 20
Principles oL_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 32 35
Procedures__________________________ 34 36
By foot__ _ _ ____ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ 34e 36
By vehicle ____ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 34c 36
By wateL_______________________ 62 72
Death during___ ___ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ 62h 74
Sanitation____ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ ___ 62d 73
Segregation________________ 16c,62c 19,73
Issue of rations __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ 34h, 62g 37, 74
Liaison during___________________ 34g 37
Rests during_____________________ 34f 37
Responsibility ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 33 35
Schematic Diagram, figure ________________________ _
Search______________________________ 16d 20
Speci8"1 prisoners of waL _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 34j 37
Speed_______________________________ 16b 19
Facilities, internment- ____________________ 41-43
42
Fingerprint section:
Fingerprinting__ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ 75a
83
Special instructions _______ " _ _ _ _____ _ _ _ 75b
83
Geneva Conventions _________________ 5-11, App.
3,88
Prisoners of war ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ 6
4
POW Information Bureaus____________ 9
9
CentraL_ __ _ _ _ __ __ ___ _ _ _ _ _ __ ___ _ 9c, 60
11,71
U. S. Enemy ___ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9b, 57
9, 65
Protected personnel:
Definition___ ___ ____ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ ___ 7a
6
Employment of 7d
7
Identity cards, insignia_ __________ 7c
7
Rights_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 7c
7
Protecting powers____________________ 10
11
Protection of POW's, generaL _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 8
8
Welfare organizations:
ApprovaL_______________________ lIa
12
Red Cross__________________"_ _ _ _ _ lIb
12
Welfare activities___ _____________ lIe
12
,j
",
,.
108
AGO 1385C
Para-
Page
graph
Guard company, military police___________ _
77-81 85
Identification:
Of dead____________________________ _
58e 66
Internment serial number ____________ _
15e 18
Service number _____________________ _
15c 18
Tags ______________________________ _
26e 29
Information Bureau, POW:
CentraL ____________________________ ge, 60 11,71
Function oL _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9b 9
U. S. Enemy__________________ 9b, 57, 60, 76c9, 65, 71,
(1), App. 84,88
Injured and diseased prisoners __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 60 71
Instructions, special. (See Special instruc­
tions.)
Internment______________________________ 3b 2
Internment facilities:
For infantry divisions_________________ 26b
28
Prisoner-of-war cages ________________ 41, 38a
42,39
Prisoner-of-war camps_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 43
44
Internment serial numbers ______________ 15e,45d
18,51
Intellectual activities_____________________ 53
62
Interrogation:
By intelligence officer ________________ _
15b 17
By military police___________________ _
15b 17
By POW interrogation team (lPW)----__ 18b 22
Coel'cion___________________________ _
8f 9
Diagram, evacuation and interrogation
of POW, Figure L _______________________________ _
GeneraL_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 15 17
Identification information __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 15c 18
Importance______________________ c _ __ 15a 17
Phases_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 17 20
1
Principles_ _____ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ __ __ _ 16 19
Skill in __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 16e 20
Judicial proceedings:
Conditions of triaL__________________ _
14a 16
Notification of protecting power _______ _
14b 16
Penal and disciplinary sanctions ______ _
He 17
AGO 1385C
109
Para·
graph
Page
JUdicial proceedings-Continued
Sentence:
AppeaL________________________ _
lDeath _________________________ _
14d
14c
17
16
Labor, POW:
Claims _____________________________ _
60 71
Compensation ______________________ _
59d 70
Injury while engaged in______________ _
60 71
Organization for ____________________ _
59a 67
Restrictions_ _____ _ _ __ __ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ ___ 59c
68
Supervisors_______ ____ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ 59b
67
Treatment ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 59c (3)
68
Litter cases, treatment___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 22b
26
Medical care. (See Sanitation and medical
care.)
Mail:
Censorship _________________________ _
51b 61
Chaplains, correspondence by_________ _
Limitations_________________________ _
Packages___________________________ _
51e
51a
52
62
61
62
Postal rates ________________________ _
51c 61
Privileges _________________________ 38g, 51a
40, 61
Military police guard company:
AsBignmenL____ ________ _ _ __ __ _ _ ___ __ 78
85
Capabilities _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 79
86
Mission__ ______ _ _ __ _____ _ __ _ _ ___ ___ _ 78
85
Operation with:
Army or special corps_____________ 80
87
Logistical command_ ___ _ _ _ __ __ ___ 81
87
Organization_ ________ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ 77
85
Training for ___ ~ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ App.
88
Types______________________________ 77
85
\.
Military police processing company;
Assignment_____ _ _ ____________ _ _ _ ___ _ 66
76
Fingerprint section_________________ 75, App.
83,88
Firearms, carrying____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ 70
78
Mission______________ _ _ ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ 65
75
11 ci
AGO 1385C
Para­
Page
graph
Military police processing company-Continued
Operations:
Company___________________ 45d (3), 67
53, 76
Platoon_________________________ 71
78
Receiving section_ ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ 72
79
Organization_ _ _ _ _____ __ _ _ ____ ___ ____ 64
75
Photographic section_______________ 74, App.
81, 88
Platoon, figure 9 ____________________ 67b,71
76,78
Processing section __________________ 73, App.
81,88
Receiving section __________________ 72, App.
79,88
Record section_____________________ 76, App.
84,88
Disposition of forms_ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 76c
84
Function_____ __ ___ ____ ___ _ _ _ _ ___ 76b
84
PersonneL _____________________ _
76a 84
Signs, use __________________________ _
69 78
Training___________________________ _
App. 88
Treatment of prisoners _______________ _
68 78
Utilization of POW__________________ _
71 78
Mixed Medical Commissioll ______________ _
56b 65
Officer prisoners:
Orderlies____________________________ 55b
65
Privileges_ _ ________ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ ___ 55a
64
Organizatioml, welfare_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ 11
12
Pay and allowances:
Advance oL _______________________ ._ 50b
59
Foreign money, disposition_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 50a
59
Payments__ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ 50e
60
POW account_ _____ __ __ ___ ___ __ _____ 50d
60
Remittances____ ____ __ __ _ _ _ ____ _ _ ____ 50e
60
Retention__ ____ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ _ _ ___ _ _ _ ___ 50a
59
Working rate of pay__________________ 50c
60
r
Personal effects:
Classes_ _ ________ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ ___ ____ ___ 21b
24
Confiscation________________________ 21b (4)
24
Deceased enemy __ _____ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ 48b
58
Disposition_______ _____ _ __ _ _ _ _ _______ 48a
57
Receipting for ____________ --------- 21a,48a 24,57
Safeguarding________________________ 21a
24
Storing_____________________________ 48a
57
AGO 1885C
111
Para-
Page
graph
Personnel, protected_____________________ _
7 6
Photographic section:
Camera group______________________ _
74c 82
Functioning________________________ _
74a 82
Identification board group ___________ _
74b 82
Special instructions __________________ _
74d 83
Physical activities_______________________ _
53 62
Prisoner of war:
Activities __________________________ _
52, 53 62
Cage, Figure 3______________________ _
38,41 39,42
Camps, Figures 6, 7, 8_______________ _
43 44
Branch Tent:
For 250 enlisted men, Figure 4 _____________ _
For 1,000 enlisted men, Figure 5 _____________ _
For 1,800 enlisted men, Figure 6_____________ _
Capture_____________________________ ,18-24 22
Collecting points_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ 18b, 25-30 22, 28
Correspondence card _________ .. __ _____ 51a 61
Death of. (See Death of POW.)
Definition__________________________ _
o 4
Escorts ____________________________ _
24 27
Information Bureaus __________ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9
9
Interrogation ____________________ 15-17,38h
17,40
Judicial _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 14
16
Labor:
Compensation_ ___ _ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ ___ 59d
70
General_________________________ 59a
67
Injury while engaged iII. __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 60
71
Restrictions_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 59c
68
Supervisors_____ __ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ ____ 59b
67
Litter cases______ ___ _ _ __ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ ___ 22b
26
Movement to division collecting point.. _ 23 26
Officer __ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ __ ____ 55
64
Orderlies_______ ___ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ 55b
64
Organization oL _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 45e
53
Proceedings, judicial. __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 14
16
Processing company_____________ (;4 -70, App.
75, 88
Processing platoon, Figure 9__________ 67b,71
76, 78
Processing section____ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 73
81
Protection_____ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ 8
8
112
AGO 1385C
Para­
Palle
Ilraph
Prisoper of war-Continued
Relief shipments_ _____ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 52
62
Representative______________________ 42, 45/
43, 53
Search oL____ _ ____ _ _ _ _ _ __ ___ ___ 18a, 19, 38c
22,23,
39
Segregation_____ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 16c, 22, 43e, I, 62c
19,26,
45, 73
Treatroent __________________________ 3d, 8b
2,8
Weapons, use of against_______________ 12e
14
Processing_____________________________ 38, 45d
39,51
Processing coropanies ______________ 64-76, Aup. I
75, 88
Processing platoon, Figure 9______________ 67b,71
76,78
Processing section:
Interpreters __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 73a
81
Questioning of prisoners_ ___ _ _____ _ _ __ _ 73b
81
Special instructions______________ _____ 73c
81
Processing stations_ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 41b
42
Property register__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ 72a (2)
80
Retained personneL _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 7
6
Protecting powers _______________________ 10,14b
11,16
Protection of POW____________ __ ____ __ ___ 8
8
Punishment. (See discipline.)
Rations_________________________ 26d, 34h, 47b, 61a 29,37
51,71
Receiving section:
Operation_ ___ _____ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ 72a
79
Special instructions___________________ 72b
80
Record _______________________________ 26/, 15c
30, 51
Office_______________________________ 3a
2
Section:
Disposition of forms_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 76c
84
Function_________ ____ __ __ _ _ __ ___ 76b
84
PersonneL _ ____ ___ ____ _ ______ ___ 76a
84
Special instructions ____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ 76d
85
Red Cross_____________________________ llb,56b
12,65
Relief shiproents____ __ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ ___ 52
62
I
Repatriation:
Responsibility ____ __ __ __ __ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ __ 3
2
Sick and woundcd____________________ 56 64
AGO 1385C
113
Para­
Page
(lTaph
Responsibility:
Air Force _________________~ _ ______ _ _ l8c
22
Army________________________ 3, l8c, 59c (3)
2,22,68
Command___________________________ 45b
58
Command and st.aff_ __ _ __ _ _ __ ___ __ ___ 4
2
Evacuation_____ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ 33
35
Guarding_ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ ____ _ _ __ ____ _ ____ 26c
29
Navy_______________________________ l8c
22
Repatriation _ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 3
2
Retained personneL _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ 7
6
Sanctions, disciplinary____________________ 13 14
Sanitation and medical care:
Facilities required__________________ 38d,49b 39,58
Injury or disease acquired while working_ 60 71
11easures __ ________________________ 49a 58
o
On ship__ ___ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ _ __ __ __ _ 62d 73.
Responsibility _ _ ____ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _____ .49c 59
Search_____________________ 16a, 18a, 19, 38c, 62c ·19,22,
23,39,73
Segregation:
Influential prisoners__________________ l6c
19
Litter cases_____ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ ____ 22c
26
Nonwounded and walking wounded____ 22a 26
On ship_____________________________ 62c
73
Women___________________________ 8c, e, 43e
8,45
Serial numbers, internmenL _____________ l5c,45d
18,51
Sick and wounded, repatriation____________ 56 64
Signs, use _______ 69 ~ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
78
Special instructions:
Fingerprint section_ _ _ _ __ _ _ __ __ __ __ ___ 75b
83
Photographic section_________________ 74d 82
Processing section___ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _____ __ 73c
81
Receiving section_ __ _ _ _ ______________ 72b
\
80
Record section_______________________ 76d
85
Special register ______________________ 24, 72a (2)
27,80
Specialists, employment___________________ 711 7
Staff responsibility_ _ ____ ____ __ ____ _ _ _ _ ___ 4
2
Stations, processing______________________ 41 42
114 AGO 1385C
1
Para­
Page
graph
Supplies and equipment:
Canteens___________________________ _
47d 57
Clothing___________________________ _
47a 56
Miscellaneous_______________________ _
47e 57
Rations____________________________ _
47b 57
Tags, identification__ _ _ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 26e 29
Tent camp, branch, Figures 4, 5, 6______________________ _
Training:
AdditionaL ________________________ _
Allotment of training time ___________ _
Considerations______________________ _
General ____________________________ _
Minimum training schedule __________ _
Purpose____________________________ _
Standards to be obtained_____________ _
Technical training objectiyes _________ _
Tra.nsfer of POW_______________________ _
Treatment of POW_________ . ____________ _
Weapons, use___ ___ _ _ __ ____ _ _______ __ ____
Welfare orga.nizations_____________________
App. 88
App. 88
App. 88
App. 88
App. 88
App. 88
App. 88
App. 88
61 71
3d, 8b 2, 8
12e 14
11 12
Women ______________________________ 8e, e, 43d 8,45
o
AGO 1385C
115

Colonel Howard S. Levie
Collection

The Judge Advocate General 's
Legal Center and School
United States Army
Charlottesville, Virginia

DEP.1RTMENT OF THE .1RMY FIELD M.1NU.1L.
FM 19-40

f

HANDLING PRISONERS OF WAR

[,

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY. NOYEMBER 1952

United States Government Printing Office
Washington: 1952

PRGP.tiRTY OF U.S. ARMY

THE JUDGEADVOCATE GENERAL'S SCHOOl

LIBRARY

LAWTON COLLINS WM. T/O & E: 19­ 500 AA thru AE. Mil Dist (8). C. Bn 19 (1) . Regt (1). BERGIN Ohief of Staff. E. USA The Adjutant General DISTRIBUTION: Active Army: Tech Svc (1) . Log Comd (2). MA thruMH. MDW (5). Sch (10) except 19 (300). KA thru KM. Div (2). RTC (3). AA Comd (2). OSD (1). PMS & T 19 (1). Base Comd (2). D. Brig (1) .GO 138GC . United States Army Major General. POE (1). 3 November 1952 FM 19-40 is published for the information and guidance of all concerned. A (2). WASHINGTON [AG 383. Admin & Tech Svc Bd (2) . see SR 310-90-1. NG: Div (1) .DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY 25. iI A. CHQ (2). ORO: Div (1). Brig (2). Co 19 (2) . Sep Co 19 (1). FT (1) . Bn 19 (1)..6 (1 May 52)] By ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY: OFFICIAL: J. Bn 19 (2). Sep Co 19 (1). AFF (5). Brig (1). OS Maj Comd (5). For explanation of distribution formula.

acting unilaterally and by special directives.FOREWORD The Geneva Conventions of 1949. have at the date of publication not come into force as to the United States and are accordingly not yet binding on the United States or its forces. A. Until the coming into force of the Conventions the provi­ sions of this manual will be given effect only to the extent that the United States has. many provisions of which have been incorporated in this manual.GO 13~C Iii . directed that the provisions of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 will be applicable in certain designated areas.

" .

II. Military police prisoner-of-war processing company __________ 64-76 II. Capture_______________________ 18-24 II. Transfer and evacuation ________ 61-63 42 49 71 CHAPTER 4. MILITARY POLICE PRISONER-OF­ WAR UNITS Section I.cilities ____________ 41-43 II. COMBAT ZONE Section I. Collection_____________________ 25-30 III.CONTENTS CHAPTER 1. Internment fa. INTRODUCTION Section I. Administrative considerations____ 44-60 III. Paragraphs Page GeneraL_ __ _ ___ __ _ _____ _ _ __ ___ 1-4 Geneva Conventions____________ 5-11 Disciplinary measures __________ 12-14 Interrogation_ _ __ _ ___ ___ __ _ ____ 15-17 1 3 13 17 22 28 33 CHAPTER 2. PRISONERS OF WAR IN THE COMMUNICATIONS ZONE Section I. Militarypoliceguardcompany ___ 77-81 75 85 88 APPENDIX TRAINING_____________________ NDEX______________________________________ 104 AGO 1385C v . Evacuation ____________________ 31-40 CHAPTER 3. III. IV.

.

It covers operations of cap ­ turing troops. AGO 1385C 1 . processing. corps. utilization of prisoner-of-war labor. • and communications zone areas. compliance with operational instructions other than or in addition to these herein specified might be required. that in active theaters of opera­ tions where the Army is serving as a part of an allied command. disciplinary meas­ ures. evacuation. handling prisoners of war in division. SCOPE This manual covers pertinent aspects of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 that pertain to the treatment of prisoners of war. interning. PURPOSE The purpose of this manual is to serve as an opera­ tional guide for military police and other officer and enlisted men in active theaters of operations in handling. It should be recognized. collection. and operations and functions of the' military police • prisoner-of-war processing company and the mili­ tary police guard company. and utilizing for labor purposes enemy prisoners of war. interrogation. 2. . however. GENERAL 1. army.J Section I.CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION .

ARMY RESPONSIBILITY ~ a. The assistant chief of staff. G-1. are coordinated with the general -. administration. o. and special staffs in accordance with their respec­ tive spheres of interest. c. Commanders exercise supervision over prison­ ers of war on behalf of the United States. repatriated. (2) Internment. or paroled. (4) Treatment.3. In accomplishing its mission with respect to prisoners of war. (For a discussion of the 2 AGO l3Blle . a. -----t5) Education. the United States Army is charged with. The plans. (3 ) Medical care. (6) Employment and compensation. (7) Repatriation. and are responsible for their custody. (9) Maintenance of an appropriate office of record. (8) Operation of prisoner-of-war information bureaus. o. but not limited to: (1) Evacuation from receiving points. and treatment. has general staff responsibility for coordinating plans for prisoners of war. Prisoners of war who are captured or interned in a theater of operations remain in the custody of the theater commander until they are evacuated from the theater. COMMAND AND STAFF RESPONSIBILITY . Prisoners of war captured by the Navy or Air Force will be evacuated as expeditiously as possible to designated Army receiving points. 4.

is the responsibility of the provost mar­ shal of the command.) d. The theater provost marshal establishes branch prisoner-of-war information bureaus at theater headquarters in a theater of operations. Section II. after they receive command approval. The provost marshal of a command is usu. (2) Geneva Oonvention for the Amelioration of the Oondition of Wounded. He submits the plans to the assistant chief of staff. and Ship­ wrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea.ey are ratified by the United States Government. The United States is a party to the Geneva (Prisoners of War) Oonventions of ~7 July 19~9 and is a signatory to the Geneva Oonventions of 12 August 1949. and evacuates prisoners of war. The 1949 Geneva Conventions will re­ place the 1929 Geneva Conventions in the relations between the United States and the other parties to the Geneva Conventions when th. GENEVA CONVENTIONS 5. GENERAL a. The provost marshal collects. G-1. works. Sick. These Conventions con­ sist of the following: (1) Geneva Oonvention for the Amelioration of the Oondition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field. The actual execution of the plans. and recommends loca­ tions for collecting points and cages.pertinent duties of general and special staff officers. for the n~cessary coordination. guards. see FM 101-5.ally the officer who is responsible for preparing plans for handling prisoners of war. AGO 1385C 200476°-52-2 3 .

(3) Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treat­ ment of Prisoners of War. b. c. PRISONERS OF WAR a. (2) Members of other militias and of other volunteer corps. d. (4) Geneva Oonvention relative to the Pro­ tection of Oivilian Persons in Time of WaT. The discussion and the references to articles in this manual pertain exclusively to that Convention unless otherwise cited. 4 of the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War) : (1) Members of the armed forces of an enemy party to the conflict. Such Geneva Conventions as are binding on the United States in a conflict are binding on all United States troops in the same manner as the Constitution and laws of the United States. 6. belonging to 4 AGO 1385C . All members of the United States Armed Forces should have a general understanding of the contents of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the imple­ menting Department of the Army rules and regula­ tions regarding the treatment and handling of prisoners of war (see DA Pam 20-150). including those of or ­ ganized resistance movements. Persons belonging to one of the following cate­ gories are classified as prisoners of war upon capture (see art. The handling of prisoners of war as discussed in this manual is concerned primarily with the 1949 Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. as well as members of militias or volunteer corps which are a part of such armed forces.

(4) Persons who accompany the enemy armed forces without actually being members thereof. to the armed forces of the occupied country who are interned by reason of their al­ . such as war correspondents and supply contractors. (b) That of having a fixed distinctive sign recognizable at a distance. without having had time to form themselves into regular armed units. (c) That of carrying al'ms openly. (d) That of conducting their operations in accordance with the laws and customs of war. pro ­ vided they carry arms openly and respect the laws and customs of war. (5) Members of crews of the merchant marine and the crews of civil aircraft of the enemy parties to the conflict. (6) Inhabitants of a nonoccupied territory. o r having belonged.an enemy party to the conflict. provided that they fulfill the following conditions: (a) That of being commanded by a person re­ sponsible for his subordinates. AGO 1385C 5 . provided that they have received authorization from the armed forces which they accompany. who on the approach of the enemy spontane­ ously take up arms to resist the invading forces. (3) Members of regular armed forces who pro ­ fess allegiance to a government or an authority not recognized by the detaining power. (7) Persons belonging.

" as used in this manual.) Retained personnel include ­ (1) Medical personnel exclusively engaged in the search for. having committed a belligerent act and having fallen into the hands of the enemy. (8) Person belonging to one of the categories enumerated in this paragraph who have been received by neutral or nonbelligerent powers on their territory and have been in­ terned as required by international law. belong to any of the categories listed above. transport.legiance to that country. 7. even though the occupying power has originally liberated them while hostilitieS were going on out­ side the '~erritory it occupies. (Geneva Oon­ vention for the Amelioration of the Oondition of the Wounded and Siok in Armed Foroes in the Field. or treatment of the wounded or sick. Should any doubt arise as to whether persons. The term "retained personnel. arts~ 1'34. and 1'38. refers to certain enemy personnel who are respected and protected in all circumstances even though they are retained in the same prisoner-of ­ war installations as other captured enemy personnel who are defined as prisoners of war. or the collection. 6 AGO' 13811C . RETAINED PERSONNEL a. or in the prevention of disease. such persons shall enjoy the protection of the Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War until such time as their status has been determined by a competent tribunal. o. ~6.

as hospital orderlies. Personnel thus re­ tained are not deemed prisoners of war. Members of the armed forces specially trained for employment. the spiritual needs. provided that the staff of such socie­ ties are subject to military laws and regu ­ lations.ded and Sicle in Armed F Drees in the Field and the Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. (3) Chaplains attached to the armed forces. in AGO-13Blle 7 . Such retained personnel who fall into the hands of the adverse party are retained only so far as the state of health. b. Neverthe ­ less. and the number of prisoners of war may require. Although retained personnel are subject to the internal discipline of a camp. they are not required to perform any work outside their medi­ or religious duties. should the need arise. they at least benefit by the provisions of the Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. nurses. or auxiliary stretcher-bearers. d.(2) Staff personnel exclusively engaged in the administration of medical units and estab ­ lishments. (4) Staff personnel of National Red Cross So­ cieties and of other voluntary aid societies duly recognized and authorized by their governments who may be employed on the same duties as the personnel mentioned above. In no circumstances may retained personnel be deprived of the insignia or identity cards that estab ­ lish their right to protection under the Geneva -Oon­ vention for the Amelioration of the Oondition of the W o'11lJ7. c.

The detaining power must provide free main­ tenance and medical care for prisoners of war under its control. transport. e. nationality. political opinion. particularly against acts of vio­ lence or intimidation and against insults and public curiosity at all times. Prisoners of war are entitled in all circum­ stances to respect for their persons and their honor. Taking into consideration the provisions of the Convention relating to rank and sex. or other distinction based on similar criteria. all prisoners of war are treated alike without any adverse distinction based on race. o. or treat­ ment of the wounded and sick are likewise respected and protected if they are carrying out these duties at the time when they come into contact with the adverse party or fall into its hands. Such personnel are classified as prisoners of war.the search for or the collection. 8 AGO 1385l'l . GENERAL PROTECT/ON OF PRISONERS OF WAR a. Women shall be treated with all regard due to their sex and shall in all cases benefit by treatment as favorable as that granted to men. 8. or professional qualifications. Measures of reprisal against prisoners of war are prohibited. and any privi­ leged treatment accorded by reason of health. Prisoners of war must be treated humanely. age. d. c. but not of the individuals or military units who have captured them. Prisoners of war are in the power and custody of the detaining power. and must be protected. but they are employed on their medical duties so far as the need arises. religious belief.

Prisoner of War Information Bureau. insulted. are channeled through the oversea branch bureaus. (1) The United States Enemy Prisoner-of­ War Information Bureau operates under the jurisdiction of The Provost Marshal General. PRISONER-Of-WAR INfORMATION BUREAUS a. and that a central prisoner-of-war information agency shall be created in a neutral country.f. b.) Branch prisoner-of-war in ­ formation bureaus may be established over­ seas. The Geneva Convention provides that upon the outbreak of a conflict and in all cases of occupation each of the parties to the conflict shall institute an official information bureau for prisoners of war who are in its power. (2) The Enemy Prisoner-of-War Information Bureau is informed within the shortest possible time of every capture of prisoners of war effected by United States forces. 9. Prisoners of war who refuse to an ­ swer may not be threatened. Where branch information bureaus have been established. all reports and infor­ mation. GeneraZ. Department of the Army. (See SR 10~310-1. or exposed to unpleasant or disadvantageous treatment of any kind. such as are enumerated in (2) be­ low. All available pertinent information regarding the prisoner is transmitted to the bureau AGO 1385C f 9 . No form of coercion may be inflicted on prison­ ers of war to obtain from them information of any kind whatever.

10 AGO 1385C . repatriations. releases.) This information includes. or storing the same until proper disposition can be made. the name and address of the person to be informed of his capture. hospitalization. including those who have died in captivity. or who have escaped or died. so far as'available to the bureau. the names of the prisoner's parents. (See par. and with for­ warding such objects to the powers con­ cerned. (4) The bureau is also charged with collecting all personal valuables left by prisoners of war who have been repatriated or released. and the address to which cor­ respondence for the prisoner may be sent. and deaths. immediately forwards such information to the power concerned through the protecting power and the Central Pris­ oner-of-War Information Agency. escapes. such as camps or cages. The bureau also receives from the various agencies concerned. Most of the data are obtained at the prisoner-of-war camp. information regarding transfers. state of health of prisoners who are seriously ill or seriously wounded. The bureau.where an individual record is maintained for each prisoner. in turn. the name and other identifying data of each prisoner. 10. (3) The bureau is responsible for replying to all inquiries sent to it concerning prisoners of war. Failure to transmit this information speedily to the enemy power through the channels pro­ vided may encourage retaliation in kind.

and to transmit this informa~ tion as rapidly as possible to the country of origin of the prisoners of war or to the power on which they depend. and labor. The represent­ atives or delegates of protecting.c. The International Committee of the Red Cross is authorized by the Convention to propose to the pow­ ers concerned the organization of the Oentral Pris­ oner-oJ-War Information Agency. The duration or frequency of these visits may not be re­ stricted. is termed a pro­ tecting power..tQ"~.P.-.~~l?!2!~~?-! ~l}e .<l.._. particularly places of in­ ternment. Oentral Prisoner-oJ-War Information Agency.. who are ~..E!?~ti2.2~~J~_ei~ duties..'Y~~~%-~1). powers may interview prisoners. Such visits may not be prohibited except for reasons of imperative military necessity. AGO 1385C 200476°-52-3 11 . imprisonment. are permitted to visit all places where prisonef~'OT war may be located.. 10..ec. The representa­ tives or delegates of the protecting powers have full liberty to select the places they wish to visit.tJWYJlJ:.I. Representatives or delegates of pro­ tecting powers. The function of the agency is to collect through official or private channels all the information it may obtain relative to prisoners of war. without witnesses. and particularly prisoners' representatives. PROTECTING POWERS A neutral power which takes charge of the inter­ ests of a party to a conflict in order to safeguard the interests of that party. and which acquires certain duties by virtue of the Convention.

or other organizations assisting prisoners of war re­ ceive from the detaining power all necessary facili­ ties for visiting the prisoners. religious organizations. signed by the prisoners' representative. for distributing supplies and material. are for­ warded to the relief society or organization making the shipment.n. and for assisting the prisoners in organizing their leisure time within the camps. c. from any source. or recreative purposes. representatives of the International Committee of the Red Cross and other relief societies. WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS a. Subject to the measures which the detaining power may consider essential to insure its security or to meet any other reasonable need. The representatives appointed to officiate in all welfare organizations are subject to the approval of the detaining power. or very shortly afterwards. 12 A. The detain­ ing power may limit the number of societies and organizations whose delegates are allowed to carry out their activities in its territory and under its supervisio. however.11. educational. receipts for each consignment. Receipts for these consignments are also supplied by the administrative authorities re­ sponsible for guarding the prisoners. b. intended for religious. such limitations shall not hin­ der the effective operation of adequate relief to all prisoners of war.GO 1385C . Upon delivery of such sup­ plies and material to the prisoners of war. The special position of the International Com­ mittee of the Red Cross is recognized and respected at all times.

Section III. DISCIPLINARY MEASURES 12. GENERAL

As prisoners of war are subject to the laws, regula­ tions, and orders in force in the armed forces of the detaining power, designated officers in the Armed Forces of the United States and military tribunals of the United States are authorized to impose dis­ ciplinary and judicial punishment, respectively, pur­ suant to the provisions of the Uniform Code of Mili­ tary Justice and the Manual for Oourts-Martial, United States, 1951. However, if any law, regula­ tion, or order of the United States declares acts com­ mitted by a prisoner of war to be punishable, wher~as the same acts would not be punishable if committed by a member of the Armed Forces of the United States, such acts entail disciplinary punishments only. In any event, no proceedings or punishments contrary to the provisions of the Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners Of War are allowed. a. Military personnel having immediate custody of prisoners enforce military discipline and military courtesy. _ b. Fraternization of United States Army and civil­ ian personnel with prisoners of war is prohibited. c. Collective punishment is not imposed for in­ dividual acts. Corporal punishment, imprisonment in premises without daylight, and in general, any form of torture or cruelty are forbidden. d. No prisoner of war may be deprived of his rank by the detaining power, or prevented from wearing his badg~
AGO 1385C

13

e. The use of weapons against prisoners of war, es­ pecially against those who are escaping or attempting to escape, constitutes an extreme measure, and is al­ ways preceded by warnings appropriate to the cir­ cumstances. Upon recapture, prisoners may be placed under additional guard or strict surveillance to pre­ vent further attempts at escape. If necessary, an organized attempt to escape may be quelled by force of arms. The principles set forth in FM 19-15 may be used as a guide in planning for and the preparation of standing operating procedures for the control of. riots among prisoners of war. 13. DISCIPLINARY SANCTIONS

A camp commander, a responsible officer who re­ places him, or an officer to whom he has delegated his disciplinary powers may impose disciplinary sanctions, subject to the limitations as to punishment set forth in Chapter III of the G&neva Oonvention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of WaT. Dis­ ciplinary punishments applicable to prisoners of war are limited to a fine not to exceed fifty percent of the advances of pay and working pay which the prisoner of war would otherwise receive, discontinuance of pri';ileges granted over and· above those stipulated by the Geneva Convention, fatigue duties, and con­ finement. Tn no case shall disciplinary punishments be inhuman, brutal, or dangerous to the health of prisoners of war. a. The duration of any single punishment is not to exceed 30 days. At least three days must elapse be­ tween consecutive punishments, if the duration of anyone of the punishments is ten days or more.
14
AGO.1385C

The period between the pronouncing of an award of disciplinary punishment and its execution shall not exceed one month. b. As a disciplinary measure, prisoners may be re­ quired to perform fatigue duties not exceeding two hours daily. This punishment is not applicable to officers. Noncommissioned officers may only be re­ quired to do supervisory work as a disciplinary measure. c. Designated leaders, including officer and non­ commissioned officer prisoners, who fail to perform properly the duties of supervision of the personnel under them or any other duty with which they may be entrusted, may be punished under the summary punishment power of the camp commander. d. Prisoners who have made good their escape and who are recaptured are not liable to any punishment for having effected their escape. Prisoners of war who are recaptured before making good their escape are liable only to a disciplinary punishment in re­ spect of this act. Prisoners of war who commit offenses with the sole intention of facilitating their escape are liable to disciplinary punishment only provided that such offenses do not entail any vio­ lence against life or limb. In like manner, prisoners of war who aid or abet an escape are liable to dis­ ciplinary punishment only provided that the offenses committed in the giving of such assistance do not entail any violence against life or limb. e. Prisoners of war undergoing confinement as a disciplinary punishment are permitted certain privi­ leges, such as daily exercise in the open air, medical attention, and permission to read and write. ParAGO 1385C

15

No prisoner of war may be tried or sentenced for an act which is not forbidden by United States law or by international law. o. however. but prisoners of war shall not be subjected to more severe treatment than that applied in respect of the same punishment to members of the Armed Forces of the United States of equivalent rank. judicial pro­ ceedings may be instituted against prisoners of war. the United States must notify the protecting power within the period of time stipulated in the Convention. provided such violation would be punishable if committed by a member of the forces of the United States. 16 AGO 1383C . This provision is not a bar to trial by a military tribunal under military law for the violation of laws or regulations. c. in force at the time of the commission of the act. Definite provisions and restrictions surround the pronouncing of the death sentence upon a prisoner of war. may be with­ held from them until the completion of the pun­ ishment. such as the period of time that must elapse between the pronouncement and the execution of the sentence in order to provide for adequate notification to the protecting power. a.eels and remittances of money. A prisoner of war must be granted an opportunity to present his defense and to have the assistance of a qualified advocate or counsel of his own choice if reasonably available. If judicial proceedings are to be instituted against a prisoner of war. 14. JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS In addition to disciplinary sanctions.

Interro­ gation takes precedence over rapid evacuation. control. Every prisoner of war has the same right of appeal or petition from any sentence pronounced upon him as the members of the Armed Forces of the United States..). see articles 82-108 of the Geneva Oonvention rela­ tive to the Treatment of Prisoners of TVar. e. movement. and proc ­ essing of prisoners. The in ­ terrogation of prisoners of war by military police is restricted to that interrogation which is necessary • for the administration. o. ciplinary sanctions applicable to prisoners of war. INTERROGATION 15. The systematic and methodical interrogation of prisoners of war is one of the most productive sources of intelligence. Section IV. GENERAL a. except in forward areas where the prompt removal of pris­ oners of war from dangerous areas is prescribed by the Geneva Convention. The system of intelligence interrogation parallels that of evacuation. The interrogation of prisoners of war is a func­ tion of the intelligence officer who is assisted by pris­ • oner-of-war interrogation teams and in some instances. AGO 1335C 17 . by psychological warfare officers. For a complete discussion of the penal and dis­ . Military police must un­ derstand the principles of interrogation in order to avoid the improper handling of prisoners of war and the consequent reduction of their value as a source of enemy information (see fig.d. 1.

.•• • xxx X .~O.. eou• IPW TEAM AT THIS LEVEL [NTERROOATEI SELEOTED PWI is:.RMY D.:. ( IPW TEAM rNTI!:RROGATI!!:' FOR ADDITIONAL TACTIOAL AND STRATEGIO INfORIIATIOII . when questioned on the subject.KING WOUNDED ARe: DISARMED AND SEARCHED BY OAPTURING TROOPS AND EVACUATED NONWOOIIDED AND pn TO REITL OOLL PT + ) -jllLGOLL ~ X.. Evacuation ana interrogation of prisoners of war...N!. first names and rank..JN~I~~~C3~A5E~ ~!'!!'~ !. ' date of birth. ~COLL R••LLY TERROUnON (USUALLY on PlRST 'N· TAOTICAL INFORMAJ'tO. . must give his surname.SS."-------. and service number.:*:... Every prisoner of war.. • ')NTER ...SONN'L TlON OON'UOT+" OUI I ~ ""~'" :.J---. .. + xxxx. CAlEB" LlTT'~ FRONT LINES \ WAI.ROO. c..."~ .'"7 ­ '!. The term service number 18 AGO 1385C ..t-­ ~CAMPS III COlnlUNIOATIONS ZON-E ( ~ PW 001 (LAl08) PORT OR OTHER DONTAOL POINT 1 t'NPI •• Figure 1... &I BGUlHt'HEaf CO~DUOn:D BY IPW TEAM) I fZJ N \ 8 '" .~%'~" _ ____ _ CCRP' 1N1. equivalent information...TIOII . or failing this.ut fURTHER 011' SELEOTED INTERROGAnON\ ..

or personal number as assigned by the Power which he serves. The internment serial number refers to the number assigned by the military police pris­ oner-of-war processing company to each prisoner of war. PRrNCIPLES a. assigned to each individual by the military service of the country he serves as a means of positive personal identification. Early segregation must be ef­ fected to separate individuals who may have a con­ trolling influence over other prisoners. Prisoners AGO 1385C 200476'-52-4 19 . regimental. Searoh. c. Speed of Evaouation. he shall be turned over to the medical service. Servioe number refers to the combination of numbers. 16. For a detailed discussion of the interrogation of the prisoners of war. Prisoners of war must be evacuated as quickly as possible to permit an early interrogation. f. he may render himself liable to a restriction of the privileges ac­ corded to his rank or status. Servioe number is not to be confused with internment serial number. a prisoner is unable to identify himself. see FM 30-5 and FM 30-15. Segregation. b. d. e. An early and systematic search of prisoners of war is necessary in order that documents or possessions of intelligence value may be obtained before they can be destroyed. If the prisoner of war wilfully infringes the rule of giving the necessary information.as used in this manual refers to his army. or letters and numbers. If. because of his physical or mental condition.

the purpose of interro­ gation is to develop further the order of battle and to obtain strategic or general military or economic in­ formation of value to the higher echelons of com­ mand. mistreatment. Interrogation should be conducted only by personnel trained for this purpose. This interrogation usually takes place at a forward headquarters immediately upon capture or as soon thereafter as possible. Fraternization.of war. when properly segregated. Method of Hanulling. e. However. or abuse by capturing troops makes the task of the interrogators more difficult. 17. interrogators can do much toward gaining the confidence of prisoners if they are the first to offer these items. 22). 1.GO 1385C . PHASES OF INTERROGATION The interrogation may be conducted in two phases. b. High standards of disci­ pline are required not only of prisoners of war but also of capturing troops. prisoners may be. can be more ef­ fectively interrogated (par.) a. if interrogation is delayed beyond a reasonable period. in­ 20 . a. Prisoners respond better when they are required to adhere to standards of discipline which are at least as high as those to which they are accustomed. the purpose of interro­ gation is to develop information of immediate tacti­ cal importance. troops never furnish comfort items to prisoners prior to their first interrogation. During the second phase. Generally. During the first phase. prisoners may not be denied food and potable water as well as necessary clothing and medical attention. (See fig. Skill in Interrogation. Also during this phase.l.

terrogated by specially trained psychological warfare officers. AGO 1385C 21 . at a prisoner-of-war camp. or as directed by the theater commander. for the purpose of developing intelligence of special value in preparation of propaganda. This interrogation usually takes place at an army prisoner­ of-war cage.

CHAPTER 2 COMBAT ZONE Section I. enemy action. Each of the Services. and Air Force. b. (See par.r~girp. unless the number of prisoners captured.~r:. AG'O'13830· . it is made as soon as possible..~n(l.dn. or other circum­ stances make search impracticable. Army.. 33 and fig. The individual or unit capturing prisoners of war disarms and searches them immediately for con­ cealed weapons and documents.~<2!le~!iElJIJ.ILJj~~tt~li2!11_.~jng poiIlt. Prisoners of war normally receive their first interro­ gation by trained members of an Interrogation Prisoner-of-War (IPW) team at collecting points.t~r'. (See fig.) Prisoner-of-war collecting points are designated localities in the area of a front line combat division for the assemblage of prisoners pending local examination for information of im­ mediate tactical value and subsequent evacuation. 0. If immediate search is not feasible. from theretQ ~h~ . Navy. GENERAL a.~-~-q~i~al~!1t ~ner-of-warSB.D~~. 2. Prisoners of war are evacuated from the com­ pany ~th. 2.i~~2~. is responsible for prisoners of war captured 22. CAPTURE 18.) Evacua­ tion from the division collecting point to the Army cage is normally the responsibility of Army.>?int.

the regimental or battalion intelligence of­ ficer supervises the search. Until such time as prisoners of war can be searched by qualified personnel. such as maps. such as letters. printed. pay cards. manuals. records. which are in contact with the enemy. and pictures found . and of an official nature. 19. c. they are turned over. Enemy documents are both of a personal nature. Documents and articles required for intelligence purposes are removed from prisoners of war. SEARCH a. the detailed search of prisoners of war is conducted under the supervision of team personnel.on prisoners of war or enemy dead. of­ ficial photographs. capturing troops and guards must be alert to prevent the destruction of documents. and sketches (FM 30-15) • AGO 1385C 23 . DOCUMENTS An enemy document is any written. diaries. with the prisoners of war on whom they were found. from battalion up. to the prisoner escort. and are marked so that they may be identified with the prisoners upon whom they were found. 20. orders. When interrogation teams are employed with • units. b. or photographic matter which may contain information relative to hostile armies or countries.by its forces until such time as they are delivered to designated Army receiving points. en­ graved. When no interrogation team personnel are ato tached. To insure the availability of these docu­ ments and articles to interrogators at higher echelons of command.

21. PERSONAL EFFECTS

a. The officer in direct charge of prisoners of war insl'res that money, valuables, and personal effects on the persons or in the immediate possession of prisoners are safeguarded. Money may not be taken from prisoners of war except on the order of ' an officer. Itemized receipts must be given, legibly inscribed with the name, rank, and unit of the person issuing the said receipt. Personal effects will not be taken as souvenirs or loot. b. Property in the possession of prisoners of war usually belong in one of the following classes: (1) Personal effects that prisoners of war are allowed to retain, including metal helmets and gas masks and like articles issued for personal protection, effects and articles used for clothing or feeding, identification tags or cards, badges of rank and nationality, and decorations and articles having a per ­ sonal or sentimental value. Personal iden­ tification cards should not be removed if they are of the type called for by the Geneva Convention of 1949. Such cards normally measure approximately 6.5 x 10 em, and should show the prisoner's name, rank, serial number,· and date of birth plus any other information which the issu­ ing power wishes to include. If the pris- .. soner does not possess such a card, one will be prepared and issued to him. At no time should the prisoner be without a basic iden- _ tity document.
AC!lO 1885C

(2) Personal effects that may be taken from prisoners of war temporarily for intelli ­ gence purposes, but that are to be returned as soon as practicable, such as personal registration cards, organizational member­ ship cards, passports, letters of introduction, passes, ration books, political party cre ­ dentials, photographs, diaries, and other personal documents of military value. Personal effects in this category are re­ moved as items of military value and re­ ceipts are given to the prisoners. (3) Person&1 effects that prisoners of war are not permitted to retain for reasons of secur­ ity. Articles of value may be taken from prisoners of war only for reasons of security. When such articles are withdrawn from prisoners, the procedure laid down for sums of money impounded applies. The pris­ oners are given itemized receipts, and the particulars are recorded in a special prop­ erty register. The articles are placed in safekeeping and returned in their initial shape to the prisoners at the end of their captivity. (4) Articles that prisoners of war are not per­ mitted to retain at any time and which are confiscated. These articles include military documents and military equipment, such as arms and vehicles or animals used for trans­ portation. Confiscated articles are turned over to G2 in the case of items of intelligence value, or to the appropriate technical servAGO 1385C

25

ice for action and coordination with G2 if necessary.
22. SEGREGATION

a. N onwounded and W alking Wounded Prisoners. As soon as possible, enemy officers, noncommissioned officers, privates, deserters, civilians, and women are segregated, and are delivered to the division or equivalent collecting point. Further segregation is made according to nationality. Segregation is main­ tained throughout evacuation to rear areas. b. Litter Oases. Nonwalking wounded prisoners of war are searched, taken to the nearest aid station for treatment, and evacuated through medical chan­ nels. It is the responsibility of the medical officer to bring such prisoners to the attention of intelligence personnel for interrogation and to request the neces­ sary guards. When practicable, and when such duty of itself will not expose them to danger, nonwounded and slightly wounded enemy prisoners are used as litter bearers for enemy and United States severely wounded personnel; United States slightly wounded military personnel may be used for prisoner-of-war escorts or guards when feasible. Whenever possible, the segregation of wounded prisoners is maintained as for other prisoners of war. (See Fig. 1.)
23. MOVEMENT TO DIVISION COLLECTING POINT

a. The prompt movement of prisoners of war to the division or equivalent collecting point is impor­ tant. While in forward areas not only may prisoners _ become casualties as the result of enemy fire with a resultant decrease in their potential value for in26
AGO 13Blle

by water. (2) Maintain segregation at all times. The officer or noncommissioned officer transfer ­ ring custody of prisoners of war to the commander of the prisoner-of-war escort provides the latter with a memorandum stating the time. but the problem of handling them is more difficult than in rear areas. Further ­ more. ­ 24. troops from reserve units are detailed to escort prisoners of war to the divi ­ . sion or equivalent collecting point.telligence purposes. far enough from the combat zone for them to be out of danger. Evacuation may be accomplished by foot. 22. as soon as possible after their capture. Whenever possible. the commander of the prisoner-of-war escort receives from division military police a receipt show­ ing the number of prisoners turned over and the number of documents delivered with them. c. Routes of evacuation for prisoners of war to the division collecting point are usually the same as the routes of evacuation for the wounded. b.) AGO 1385C 200476°-52-ti 27 . or by the use of empty ammunition or supply vehicles or other suitable conveyances. Troops detailed as escorts­ (1) Prevent escapes. At the division collecting point. The guards . and the designation of the unit making the capture. (See par. place. the Geneva Convention prescribes that pris­ oners of war shall be evacuated. ESCORTS a. may be elements of the combat forces or any other troops at the disposal of the military commander. and circum ­ stances of the capture. b.

One division collecting point is normally estab­ lished for each division. COLLECTiON 25. INFANTRY DIVISION a. GENERAL Prisoners of war are assembled at collecting points to- a. 26. or overlooked by the capturing unit. other than authorized in­ terrogators. Be held until they can be evacuated to the rear by higher headquarters. c. from talking to prisoners. Expedite evacuation of prisoners of war to the rear. (4) Prevent anyone. drink. b. d. Section II. to include collection by rear guards of any documents dropped by prisoners. b. Conserve guard personnel. (7) Deliver prisoners to the division or equiva­ lent collecting point as soon as possible.(3) Prevent prisoners from discarding or de­ stroying any insignia or documents not taken. (6) Enforce silence among prisoners at all times. Relieve the capturing units quickly. or cigarettes prior to interroga ­ tion in so far as such act does not violate any requirement concerning the treatment of prisoners of war. (5) Prevent anyone from giving prisoners food. The infantry division prisoner-of-war collect­ ing point is usually located in the vicinity of the 28 AGO 1385C .

~g~?[~~tQt-~.division command post.~. and are placed in envelopes for transmission to the proper intelligence agency.. All documents and other personal effects of intelF­ gence value are marked so that they may be identi ­ fied with the prisoners on whom they were found.te. Retained personnel. At the division collecting point.. At the ~. c. • a partially fenced-in area. protected as much as possible against enemy observation and fire. Prisoners of war are normally issued rations and water at the division collecting point and aid is ~ given to the wounded and sick."W. The prisoners are counted and a detailed search of the prisoners is conducted under the supervision of in ­ telligence personnel. if possible. ~a. inclosed courtyard. Segregation is maintained. Documents and selected personnel are also examined.. If a regular cage is not available. It should be accessible by road to trucks and ambulances from the rear and the front..J~ygtJll:!§'2-W~E. 7). d. the limits of the colle<:ting point are stipulated.~:g9nn. division mili ­ tary police relieve the escort troops of the re­ sponsibility for guarding prisoners of war. or similar place that facilitates the maximum security of prisoners with a minimum of guards should be • chosen.of war are required to remain within the area defined.§.QJJ. near water. ~ e.j$... including medical personnel and chaplains assist in caring for prisoners of war to the fullest extent pos­ sible (par.JJJJy. In the absence of a regular cage.~rc~~~ The infQrmation that is AGO 1385C 29 . and far enough to the rear to avoid involvement in minor fluctuations of the front line. and the prisoners .

AIRBORNE DIVISION a.).2-t. b.. c._g~'Vi. f.)~ite~. If practica.S~i>.9lWtMr. . 27.?i9I1.Q1.~~E~. the guarding and evacuating of prisoners of war are initially the responsibility of the regimental combat teams. the col­ 30 AGO 138GC . ·P~~S2._.for.. tactical plan. However. Prisoners of war are evacuated by air or are held until a link-up is made with friendly forces.. . prisoners of war are evacu­ ated from lower echelons to higher echelons. At an airhead.. recorde5L~n ~E}_~~i.!ng". or lose their tags.~. it may not be feasible to establish regimental collecting points during the early stages of the operation.C~t.~~~.'ili~9§hh!l of.!b~_. Because of the nature of an airborne operation._ wa~1.• Qle.!'). Few reports regarding prisoners of war are re­ quired at the division level other than the listing of the number of prisoners in each group.e unit ~~1f...~·. prisoners of war are held at the most suitable location until evacuation can be accom­ plished. destroy. As soon as sufficient control is established.· Prisoners of war are not to mutilate. date and place of capture._ heaClqllf1rt~:r:~" JroIl1 the . availability of transportation. If the prisoners are to be evacuated by air.cS~l(U. In an airborne operation. rosters.~~d the designatioIl ..of p:risoIl~rs of war. listingnameLgrade.to the datea!ld pla~e warn(:ia: "'"'------. the manner of collect­ ing and evacuating prisoners of war is dependent upon such factors as the following: geographical 10­ cation of the airhead.QL~~I!t!lIe.JI:le~.e . divisIon collecting point..:::~. service number.-~.!l~:i.~(t tp .. unitmak­ i~~~. and plans for link-up with ground or other forces ..

including tagging and evacuating to a collecting point. 28. If the airborne division makes a penetration deep into hostile territory. The collect­ . In an armored penetration. and if a link-up with other forces is delayed and an evacuation of prison­ ers of war is not possible. such as mobility. fire power. and communications. d. When combat commands operate in close conjunction. they are held until infan­ try units reach the area and take over the control and handling of the prisoners. an ar­ mored division may penetrate deeply and quickly into hostile territory. one AGO 138GC 31 . or they may be retained and guarded in the area of capture while the divi­ sion continues toward its objective. The military police com­ pany of the airborne division performs all normal functions in connection with the handling of pris­ oners of war.close to the landing field. ARMORED DIVISION a. If prisoners of war are left under guard. Because of its inherent characteristics. Prisoner-of-war collecting points may be es­ tablished in the rear of each combat command that has been assigned an independent objective. . o. it may be necessary to re­ tain the prisoners within the airhead. prisoners of war may be disarmed and evacuated to the rear by vehicle or on foot. These prisoner-of-war collecting points are located on previously announced axes of evacuation.lecting point is situated in the most suitable location. ing point operation may then parallel the operation of a prisoner-of-war cage in the guarding and caring for prisoners of war.

In such extraordinary circumstances it may be practicable and necessary to disarm prisoners and order them to march to the rear without guards or to disarm them and order them to remain in place without guards. c. Arctic Areas. ARCTIC AND DESERT OPERATIONS Climate and terrain impose certain restrictions upon the establishment and functioning of collect­ ing points.or more collecting points may be established to serve the combat commands jointly. the establishment and operation of an ar­ mored division collecting point will resemble that of an infantry division collecting point. heated shelters are provided for the exami­ nation of prisoners before they are escorted to col­ lecting points. In arctic areas. to facilitate the search for weap­ ons and documents that may be concealed in bulky clothing. a. OTHER UNITS The principles and procedures that are outlined above for the collection of prisoners of war and the op. the above methods of handling prisoners of war may prove inadequate. In a static situation. 30. low temperatures may not permit prisoners of war to be searched in the open. In a rapid pursuit.eration of division collecting points are generally applicable to similar operations by comparable units and higher echelons. Collecting points for prisoners of 32 AGO l3Blle . particularly when the en­ emy is demoralized and is surrendering in vast num­ bers. d. Hence. ~9. or'in an infantry-type op­ eration.

owing to wounds or sickness. prisoners of war are supplied with suf­ ficient food. would be exposed to greater risk by being evacuated than by being temporarily kept where they are. Limited transportation facilities may delay the evacuation of prisoners of war to rear areas and necessitate re­ taining the prisoners for some time. and are located at or near airheads. except those prisoners of war who. as soon as possible after their capture. 1£ the prison­ ers cannot be evacuated to the rear quickly. During evacuation. b. further processing than would ordinarily be accomplished at the division level will be required. Section III. near troop concentration areas. evacuation from forward areas is accom­ plished rapidly and is delayed only for intelligence requirements. Desert Areas. In order to have access to water and supplies.) Prisoners of war are not to be unnecessarily exposed to danger while awaiting evacuation from a combat zone. during AGO 1385C 33 . and necessary clothing and medi­ cal attention. water. collecting points in desert areas are located. GENERAL Prisoners of war are evacuated. Normally prisoners of war are evacu­ ated as quickly as possible from the arctic. and the evacuation is to be effected humanely. 1£ prisoners of war must. EVACUATION 31. to camps situated in an area far enough £rom the combat zone for them to be out of danger. As care for prisoners of war during the severe arctic winter is difficult. (See fig.war in arctic areas are temporary cages that provide shelter. 2.

'0011. o <:) ~ un R!8ioV:~.. (") '" '" ... Schematio diagram of evacuation of prisone1's of war. IIILITA". CAGES OR OAMPS • I' COLLECTING POINTS 'I . POLlOI!: USUALLY EVAOUATE II!L!OTID PIUIONEfiS 'ROM DIVIIION TO CORPI • CO Figure 2..~LI~~NE _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _.~~l:~~: ~CAPTURINO TROOPS ITa:~"!~1 I~I:I COM~~~~~~O.w -.

evacuation. some situations may require that prisoners of war be evacuated in whole or in part through a corps prisoner-of-war cage. 37 and 38. c. 2. Property rights of prisoners of war are to be fully respected. e. Wounded prisoners of war are to be evacuated through medical channels. EVACUATION RESPONSIBILITY The evacuation of prisoners of war from the divi­ sion collecting point to the rear is normally the re­ sponsibility of the next higher echelon in the chain of evacuation. However.) AGO 1385C 200476°-52--6 35 . pass through transit camps (prisoner-of­ war cages or processing stations). 33. their stay in such camps must be as brief as possible. EVACUATION PRINCIPLES The general principles for the evacuation of pris­ • oners of war include the following: a. The evacuation of prisoners of war is not to in­ terfere with the circulation. (See pars. In normal situations. The provisions of the Geneva Convention are to be observed in spirit and letter. d. 32. and fig. or· tactical employment of United States troops. Segregation is to be maintained throughout the evacuation process. b. army is charged with the evacuation of prisoners of war from the division collecting point. movement.

Although the ideal loading formula is ten men per truck ton. the exigencies of the situation may require a load increase in the number of prison­ ers. however. rail. Maximum use is made of returning supply ve­ hicles for evacuation.34. close column formations are used. and on both flanks. are prescribed to prevent accidents because of over­ loading. pris­ oners are instructed to lie down and to remain immobile. Motor patrols armed with automatic weapons may reinforce the guard detail in very large convoys. The number of guards required to escort prisoners of war on a march varies with the morale and physical condition of the prisoners. When prisoners of war are evacuated by rail. b. An armed guard may be placed in the cab of each vehicle to guard the prisoners of war in the preced­ ing vehicle. the number of prisoners to be escorted. the possi­ bility of an enemy attack. or water are so or­ ganized as to provide adequate security at all times. c. of the col­ umns. e. in no event are trucks to be overloaded. When a prisoner-of-war column is attacked. and the distances to be traversed. air. the loading is supervised. When prisoners of war are to be evacuated by vehicle. Escorts for prisoners of war who are to be transported via road. a. EVACUATION PROCEDURES The following procedures are observed in evacu­ ating prisoners of war: a. and load limits . a minimum number of guards should be used. WThen prisoners of war are evacuated on foot. and guards march at the head and rear. 36 AGO 138liC .

or order by a prisoner of war during an evacu­ ation is not administered by the escort guards. outside villages or installations. Orders to prisoners are given in a language they understand. Measures are taken. Liaison should be maintained with the next higher headquarters to inform it of anticipated changes in the location of collecting points and in the number of prisoners of war in each classifica­ tion to be delivered to that headquarters. to prevent the recur­ rence of the infringement. such as cigarettes. Normally. h. g. no comfort items. including well-informed enemy sol­ diers and high civil functionaries accompanying the armed forces are evacuated accordIng to theater d irecti ves. The issue of sufficient rations and water is the responsibility of the echelon having custody of pris­ oners of war. Only the minimum conversation necessary to issue orders and to maintain discipline is permitted between guards and prisoners of war. Prisoners of high rank and other prisoners of special interest. Account should be taken of the habit­ ual diet of the prisoners. are issued to prisoners of war until the intelligence officer so signifies. Rests and stops are preferably made during day­ light. if necessary.f. captured enemy rations and other enemy supplies and material are used for prisoners of war. i. Prisoners may be used as interpreters. however. 37 AGO 1385C . l. k. Conversation among prisoners is forbidden. regula­ tion. j. To the greatest extent possible. Punishment for the violation of a rule.

Initial Phase. AIRBORNE OPERATIONS Prisoners of war are normally evacuated by air during the early stages of an airborne operation. At least two guards are required for each plane load • of prisoners of war. completion of processing. Prior to the establishment of division control ashore. initial processing on the beachhead by military police attached to the am­ phibious units. or evacuated to ships designated for interrogation. 27). and employment of prisoners on authorized labor projects by the amphibious and follow-up forces. In this type of operation.35. prisoners of war are nor­ mally evacuated by the various landing or combat teams to their respective collecting points. Immediate evacuation by water.An early evacuation of prisoners of war by water may be necessary during the initial phases of an amphibious operation. Final Phase. AMPHIBIOUS OPERATIONS . b. 36. While awaiting trans­ portation for evacuation. Minimum evacuation. the handling of prisoners of war may cover three phases: a. and no processing on the beachhead. Plans should provide for the attachment of personnel from communications zone military police units to the airborne force to guard the prisoners during evacuation (par. 38 AGO 188[)C . c. Intermediate Phase. under control of the amphibious support brigade. The prison­ ers may either be held at the beach until interrogators from the higher echelons come ashore.

war are normally not . o. However. the processing and han­ dling of prisoners of war at the corps prisoner-of­ war cage will closely parallel the processing and handling at the army prisoner-of-war cage. Dependent upon the dis­ tance from the army and corps cages to the com­ munications zone and the method of evacuation. and overnight stops (fig. it may be necessary to establish cages along the line of march for food. or if the situation requires evacuation through corps. At the army cage. 3). such prisoners are evacuated from division to a corps prisoner-of-war cage by corps military police. 38. CORPS Prisoners of. o. ARMY a. they are usually evacuated directly from division collecting points to army prisoner-of­ war cages. Where a corps is operating independently. A re­ ceipt for the prisoners and any accompanying cap­ tured documents is given to the commander of the guard. Shelter. Existing facilities are used whenever possible. rest. Prisoners of war are counted and receipted for immediately upon arrival at the army cage. is provided at prisoner-of-war cages. usually of a temporary nature.37. Prisoner-of-war cages are established in army areas for the temporary detention and interrogation of prisoners of war pending further evacuation. or if it is necessary for corps to inter­ rogate certain prisoners of war. if a corps is operating inde­ pendently. a thorough search is made of prisoners of war for any previously undiscovered AGO 1385C 39 .evacuated through corps.

When there is such a delay. h. d. Interrogation at army prisoner-of-war cages is selective. clothing is issued to prisoners of war. Within one week after arrival at a camp or cage.) f. 40 AGO 13811e . or by other troops. when available. Prisoners of war are guarded at cages and dur­ ing transfer to and between cages by military police guard companies. or any other un­ authorized possessions. 47. When the evacuation of prisoners of war is de­ layed. the prison­ ers may be retained within the army cage for some time. Sanitary measures are taken to prevent the con­ traction or the spread of diseases. delousing. if required. only certain prisoners are interrogated. Prisoners of war suspected of having communicable diseases are isolated and placed under medical observation. 51). g. prisoners are to be permitted to notify the Central Prisoner of War Information Agency and their families of their capture if they have not been enabled to do so prior to arrival (par. is accomplished by the prisoners. even if it is a transit camp or cage. Food is provided prisoners of war. as complete a processing as possible is accomplished and prisoners of war may be used for labor not prohibited by the Geneva Convention within the army area. j. e. but the prep­ aration of such food. The sanitary measures include bathing. such as during an island operation. i. and the disin­ festation of clothing. that is. (See par. If necessary.documents of intelligence value.

or the cages may be closed and the prison­ ers of war evacuated to the rear through normal channels prior to such displacement.39. Military police from the communications zone normally escort the prisoners from the army cages. e. EVACUATION TO COMMUNICATIONS ZONE Prisoners of war are evacuated from the combat zone to the communications zone as quickly as pos­ sible. prisoner-of-war esti­ mates. and the morale or attitude of the prisoners. plans of higher headquarters. The decision to continue to operate or to close prisoner-of-war cages in the newly acquired communications zone is based upon such factors as the tactical situation. suitability of cages for internment of prisoners of war for long periods. resigned or belligerent. prisoner-of-war cages may either be taken over in place by military police of the advance section of the communications zone and the operation of the cages continued. plans for utilization of prisoner-of-war labor. i. the means of evacuation. FORWARD DISPLACEMENT BOUNDARY OF ARMY REAR As the army rear boundary is displaced forward. and the availability of pris­ oner-of-war cages in the advance section area. The number of guards required for escorting prison­ ers of war from army cages to communications zone cages or camps is variable. AGO 1385C 41 . 40. but usually is dependent upon the number of prisoners to be evacuated..

) .CHAPTER 3 PRISONERS OF WAR IN THE COMMUNICA­ TIONS ZONE Section I. INTERNMENT FACILITIES 41. At cages. 42 AGO 1385C . 3. . Dependent upon the plan for evacuating prisoners of war from the communications zone. cages may be established in each separate port area. Prisoner-of-war cages may be established in the communications zone under unusual circumstances for the interrogation and temporary detention of prisoners of war pending their further evacuation from the communications zone. arrangements are made for the com­ plete segregation of prisoners of war according to their classification. b. Processing is accomplished as described in paragraph 45 by military police prisoner-of-war processing companies (fig.c. CAGES AND PROCESSING STATIONS a. Prisoner-of-war processing stations may also be established for the processing and temporary deten­ tion of prisoners of war pending their assignment to cages for evacuation from the communications zone or to permanent communications zone prisoner-of­ war camps.

I!D Ell • DADRE LMMII EXllTINa LEGEND ~GATE jgI ROAO NOTE: ALL STAUOTURII!8 TO BE TENTAGE. Ddt UT 08 ABI. the receiving communications zone cage may assign a representa­ tive to the army cage from which prisoners of war AGO 1385C 43 .250 F!NAI. TRIPLE CONCERTiNA FENCE II' 0" • II' 0" PYRAMIDAL TENT E3 o 11' I". PRISONER-Of-WAR CAGE REPRESENTATIVE To insure smoothness of operation. 10' 0" ITORAtE TEIIT e' 10" • • ' a" '8IULL WALL T£IIT tuARD PLATFORM ADIIIIUSTRATIOIl LATRINE ./IHOWERS ABLUTIOI Dep o LAT ABL ADM . Pri8oner-ot-war cage.. K IIESI HALL KlTGMEil STORAel! 8T 0' OWT POWER PLAIIT WAT£R TANK (1000 GALLONS' Figure 3.ES UI" III .10 NOO" D-UT LAT ElBEI KITOHENS AND STORAQE ~ PRQTI!:OTED PERI ElBEI Ell LAT ~ • A81. 42.

and the time. i. other military installations. and the destination. Assisting in segregating prisoners of war. The camps may be located on. and specifying the trucks or railroad cars required. and preparing rosters for the next movement. a. PRISONER-Of-WAR CAMPS a. and supervising the loading. c. Arranging for rations en route. Delivering rosters to the senior member of the escort. b. or may be independent of. The 44 AGO l8Blle . the place. Notifying the receiving cage of the guards needed and the categories and numbers of prisoners of war to be shipped. of the prisoners of war in each category who are to be transferred to the communications zone cage. The duties of the prisoner­ of-war cage representative normally includea. Requesting designated agencies to furnish trans­ portation. Assisting in organizing prisoners of war into truck or railroad car loads.are normally received. e. h. g. if segregation has not already been accomplished. 43. f. Receiving and checking prisoners of war and prisoner-of-war property. Prisoner-of-war camps are installations of a semipermanent nature that are established in the communications zone or the zone of interior for the internment and complete administration of prisoners of war. if required. Procuring estimates at least 24 hours in advance. if possible. Notifying the receiving cage of the expected time of arrival.

Prisoner-of-war branch camps are camps that are established on a semipermanent or temporary basis in order to fill a definite work need. and 6). and other prescribed purposes. In any camp in which women prisoners of war. mess­ ing. c. For a typical headquarters and headquarters company organization designed to administer a AGO 1385C 45 . and for administration. medical care. are accommodated. The area of each camp must be sufficient to provide space for buildings necessary for the housing of prisoners. The ad­ ministration of prisoners in these camps is under the supervision of the prison-of-war camp of which it is a branch. and customs. 5. showers. 4. e. except with their consent. Whenever military considera­ tions permit. Prisoners of war are interned in camps accord­ ing to their nationality. as well as men. indoor and out­ door recreation. pro­ vided that the prisoners are not separated from prisoners of war of the armed forces with which they were serving at the time of their capture. latrines. separate dormi­ tories and conveniences must be provided. Quarters in a prisoner-of-war camp must be provided under conditions as favorable as those pro­ vided for United States troops billeted in the same area. f.camps are designed to provide security and living ar­ rangements as required by the Geneva Convention and military needs. prisoner-of-war camps are marked dis­ tinctly so as to be readily identifiable from the air (figs. a. language. canteen. religious worship. Prison-of-war camps are usually divided into compounds by fencing. b.

I STOCKADE FENe! . El ".-. 00009008 LDY • SHOWERS o=r ElEl El6 El ~~ ~ ffij OOOO~E]tJE1 ~ ~ HALL' 10 TiOTE[ ! RECREATION 000051 008 n . it 40' a ~ ... .e·i .. (") "" Figure Prisoner-of-war branch tent camp for 250 enlisted men. illu' alm~\ STOCICAl)E PUGI aTI!J ...0­ I5S0' ..~~ oP'FIODI AREA .""no.. to' 40' LAgl"1 ITO' qpoooo~ ~ LJ~i~t I5jOUAHO ·OWER IIr~~~~ ~ '4) o . 0> ..gOOD~~DEl I 'uODDODDB om . 4...

1---------.!p ODor CODCCCOCO 0 .:t IdDDCJDOlboODDD II 0000000000 uv tlODOO'OODDDD a RECREATION AR.'~" S ggggg§oo"'o"'O"'o"'oH---1i.000 enlisted men. 8888888ggg8 q.. Prisoner-of-war base tent camp tor 1.A OOD9.if'\ ~ -I DctODDDDO DDOODDD E" OODOCICD DODDODCl LAY DWgrr ~'f~. CCl[JD~pDDCtl uv CDDOOrJDOCOO r o ccooccccc c OOODCCOCCOC CCOOOCCCCOO DcaODODDDD ~ BDDDDDO'ctODDtl II .00' ------------01 11 ~TOW(ll '0 D' ~.Sgf. 47 AGO 1385C . ~DDODIO BUILDINO Figure 5....

:.ADNIN. HOUSE WAREHOUSE a STOCKADE OFFICE UTILITY SHOPS LAVATORY LAVATORY-OFFICERS IAES9". a OFFICERS ."". STOREHOUSE a.GO 1385C ..-..II OFFICE GUARD BUILDINGS HEADQUARTERS BARRAOKS gHAPEL FIRE HOUSE a CENTRAL 00 PX Oi"FICERS QUARTERS B POST EXCHANGE ~ DETACHMENT POST EXCHANGE -P'!lSONERS DAY ROOfllS .800 enlisted men. WORK SHOP ­ PRISONERS I-I INFIRMARY-PRISONERS INII'IRMARY-DETACHWENT LATRINE M-I .PAI90NERS co.. GT GUARD TOWER STOREHOUSE a DAY ReON LAVATORY-DETACHMENT Figure 6_ Prisoner-ot-war camp tor 1.. .-1 TOOt..' AECREATKIN AREA !sYMBOL ADMINISTRATION HO BUILDINOS SYMBOL Q... s.. 48 A..'" t:.DETACHMENT OS TH 8H WHS tUARDHOUSE. 1-' • .. PRISONERS MES.

The following general principles are applicable to the operation. It must be supplemented by at­ tachment of the required number of such supporting guard and service units as are necessary for camp maintenance and security and to provide proper care. ADMINISTRATIVE POLICIES a.000 man prisoner-of-war camp. Disciplinary action is administered in accordance with the provisions of the Geneva Convention (par. 45.30. GENERAL The policies and procedures that govern the ad ­ ministration of prisoners of war in the communica­ tions zone are also applicable in other areas where prisoners of war may be interned for extensive pe­ riods in camps or other installations. Principles. This type organization is intended for use as a guide only and may be modified to meet the existing situations and conditions. and supply of prisoner-of-war camps: (1) As far as possible. 49 AGO 1385C . (2) Extensive use is made of captured enemy supplies and equipment. personnel adminis ­ tration. 13). (3) Commandants of the camps are vested with the authority to impose summary punish­ ment. and administration for the prisoners of war. treatment. prisoners of war furnish their own administrative personnel. Section II. see figure 7. ADMINISTRATIVE CONSIDERATIONS 44.

.. . :<> 00 (') '" Figure 7..000-MAN PW CA~P 15 o Typical headquarter8 and headquarter8 company.o '" TYPE HEADQUARTERS AND HEADQUARTERS COMPANY ORGANIZATION FOR A 30. .

and the order in which the prisoner was AGO 1385C 51 . All regulations. punishment. and similar matters. Personnel reports and records at prisoner-of-war camps and other prisoner ­ of-war installations include reports and records required for pay. Reoords and Reports. an intern­ ment serial number is assigned to each pris­ oner for the purposes of identification. The intern ­ ment serial number of a prisoner of war consists of several components separated by dashes. Oommand Responsibilities. to those prisoners who cannot have access to the posted copy. c. and notices must be issued or addressed in a language which is understood by the prisoners. Copies must be sup ­ plied. upon request. The initial processing that is accomplished upon arrival at the communications zone prisoner ­ of-war processing station or camp will include all appropriate steps set forth in paragraph 38. clothing. Every prisoner ­ of-war camp is placed under the command of a com­ missioned officer of the armed forces. the name of the enemy coun ­ try whose armed forces the prisoner served. d. After this preliminary processing has been completed. (1) In processing prisoners of war. and reporting. orders. equipment. classification. hospitaliza ­ tion. The various components indi­ cate the command in which the prisoner was captured. transfers. ad ­ ministrative processing will be accomplished as soon as possible. A copy of the Geneva Convention and its annexes and special agreements must be posted in every camp in the lan ­ guage of the prisoners of war.b.

internment serial numbers 1 through 2. and numbers 2. the completed record will contain the name of the prisoner of war.processed. at his discre­ tion.500 to another subcommand (par. 72).000 may be assigned to one sub­ command. One copy of the rec­ ord is forwarded to the Branch Prisoner ­ of-War Information Bureau. For example. and the prisoner's signature. The prisoner-of ­ war personnel record for each prisoner is completed in duplicate by the military po­ lice prisoner-of-war processing company (par. Prisoners of war who have been captured by other United States 52 AGO 18850 . may assign blocks of numbers to sub­ commands or stations within his command. 15). so that the effects may be returned to them upon repatriation. one copy of the record always goes forward with the prisoner of war. his internment serial number. Care should be taken that all personal effects of prisoners of war are marked with their names and internment numbers. other personal data.001 through 4. 76). and re­ corded in the special property register (par. The commanding general of the appropriate command. an inventory of his per­ sonal effects. (2) In processing. and fingerprints. irrespective of the country the prisoners served. photograph. Internment serial numbers are assigned consecutively to prisoners of war captured by United States forces in each command.

e. Prisoners of war will be utilized to the fullost extent in the internal administration of their assigned units. (3) Processing companies are assigned to cages on the basis of the number of prisoners of war to be processed. A prisoner-of-war processing company comprises three pla­ toons and is capable of processing fourteen hundred and forty (1. 67). At all camps where there are no officers. and com­ pany within the camp. the Protecting Pow­ ers. f. the senior officer is recognized as AGO 1385C 53 . they are assigned to a prisoner-of-war camp and are then further assigned to a compound. the International Committee of the Red Cross.440) prisoners in eight (8) hours (par.Armed Forces or by allied forces and have been transferred to the custody of the United States Army are permitted to re­ tain their previously assigned internment serial numbers. or in mixed camps. In camps for officers and persons of equivalent status. compound. such prisoners are processed in the same manner as prisoners of war who have been captured by the Army. bat­ talion. and any other organization which may assist them. Frisoner-of-War Representatives. prisoners of war freely elect spokesmen by secret ballot to represent them before the military authorities. or company may vary. Although the number of prisoners of war assigned to a camp. the organizational framework as set forth in figure 8 should be adhered to in each prisoner-of-war camp. If they have not previously been processed. After the prisoners have been processed. battalion.

OUMD-1 • 18TH I ..CIIH-. Prisoner-of-war camp or-ganization. L____ J ~ o .c~oiiMo-. . 10.'" "" CAMP HEADQUARTERS TYPE PW ORGANIZATION FOR A30.... 10..000 MAN CAMP I .. . ____ J" L ____ J !. .. 8 I 10...ATTALIOI : r----' I I.""'" L____ J I r &ATTALIOI I I 8TH--' I I 1'". (1 ~ Figure 8.10 L ____ J_ . 9 r COHPOUHO -...

In mixed camps the assistants are elected by the prisoners who are not officers. they salute the camp com­ mander regardless of his rank. Prisoners of war may salute in the manner prescribed by regulations in force in their own armies. AGO 1385C ss . Enlisted prisoners of war salute all officers of the United States Armed Forces. When the national anthem is played. COURTESIES . prisoners of war not in buildings stand at attention facing the music or the colors. a. c. A prisoner of war in a formation does not salute unless he is in charge of the formation. d. o." or "Retreat" is sounded. Prisoners at work do not salute an officer unless addressed by him. 46. an enlisted prisoner of war upon the approach of an officer comes to attention. The same courtesy is rendered by an officer prisoner of war upon the ap­ proach of an officer of higher rank. faces the officer. Every representative elected must be approved by the camp commander before he has the right to commence his duties. In officer camps. In addition to the courtesies required by regula ­ tions in force in their own armies. or when "To the Colors. Although of­ ficer prisoners of war salute only United States officers of higher rank." "Escort of the Colors. A prisoner of war in ranks assumes the position of attention when addressed by an officer. he is assisted by one or more advisers chosen by the officer prison ­ ers.the representative. and salutes.. When out of doors. prisoners of war are required to render the courtesies prescribed for United States personnel.

unless otherwise directed. continue eating. SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT a. prisoners of war re­ main seated. Except as circumstances warrant or climate requires. When practicable. Maximum use is made of indigenous or captured clothing and Class X and nonstandard type clothing. 56 AGO 13S5C . unless they are so altered that they cannot be mistaken for parts of such uniform. United States military personnel are not re­ quired to salute prisoners of war nor to assume the position of attention when addressing them.e. Olothing. 47. a prisoner of war uncovers and stands at attention. Before addressing an officer of higher rank. uniforms or other clothing are not is'sued as replacements to prisoners of war until the uniforms or clothing in which they were captured become unfit for use. When entering a room where an officer of higher rank is present. a prisoner of war salutes. uniforms of prisoners of war are renovated by the prisoners for their own use. How­ ever. officers of the United States Armed Forces re­ turn the salutes of prisoners of war. g. prisoners of war receive appropriate clothing. Whenever the nature of their work. When an officer of higher rank enters a mess hall. f. Prisoners of war are permitted to wear insignia of rank and decorations. requires. and do not converse. h. Articles of uniform of the Armed Forces of the United States are not issued to prisoners of war. He also salutes upon the termination of the interview.

Cob­ bler's. equipment.o. d. and ordinary articles of daily use. Rations. receipted for. where prisoners may procure foodstuffs.) AGO 1385C 57 . Canteens are established at all pris­ oner-of-war camps. The use of tobacco is per­ mitted. and other supplies for prisoners of war are issued in accord­ ance with the instructions of the Department of the Army and th3 theater commander. soap. c. Packages containing per· sonal effects are labeled with the prisoner's name and internment serial number. and for­ warded with the prisoner. and other tools and mate­ rials necessary for repairing clothing and equipment or for essential needs are made available in order to help prisoner-of-war camps to meet many of their own requirements. (See par. These effects are restored to the prisoner upon repatriation. 48. The habitual diet of the various national groups must be taken into consideration. and are stored at the camp where he is interned. 21. barber's. tailor's. Personal effects which are taken from a prisoner of war are carefully listed. PERSONAL PROPERTY a. Miscellaneous. and to pre­ vent loss of weight or nutritional deficiencies. Materials for bedding and fuel are issued to prisoners of war as required. tobacco. Prisoners of war who work must be sup­ plied with such additional rations as are necessary for the labor on which they are employed. Clothing. Oanteens. and variety to keep them in good health. The basic daily food rations for pris­ oners of war must be sufficient in quantity. quality.

laundry. basins. In prisoner-of-war camps. The sanitary measures of prisoner-of-war camps. waste is disposed of in accordance with the facilities available. and lavatories are provided. The personal effects of deceased enemy person­ nel are not sent to the United States. such as soap. razor blades. and are kept sanitary. The list of the effects is reported to the theater enemy prisoner­ of-war information bureau. Adequate medical facilities are provided to safeguard the health of prisoners of war and pro­ vision is made for the isolation of communicable cases. for disinfestation. Retained medical personnel and prisoners of war with medical training are used to the 58 AGO 13850 . sufficient latrines. bathing. necessary ma­ terials. Medi­ cal inspections of prisoners of war are made at least once a month. showers. sanitary measures are taken to insure the cleanliness and healthfulness of the camps and to prevent epidemics: adequate space is allocated to prevent overcrowding within housing units. so far as possible. b.b. and for inoculations. approximate the sanitary measures required for United States military camps. but in such a manner as to insure the protection of health. and culinary purposes. and brushes. SANITATION AND MEDICAL CARE a. by issue or sale. detergents. and sufficient water is made available for drinking. to insure personal cleanliness and a sanitary environment. the rules of good mess sanitation are observed. Prisoners of war are furnished. The effects are stored within the theater of operations wherever practi­ cable. 49.

Foreign money belonging to prisoners of war is held by the United States until the prisoners are repatriated. 50. Additional guards may be requested by him to provide adequate security. such as reporting the neces­ sity for medical evacuation. 1£ prisoners of war are admitted to an Army medical facility. if the prisoners can show lawful acquisition thereof. United States currency found upon prisoners of war. The amount of the adAGO 1385C 59 . is deposited to the credit of the prisoners. The Detaining Power must grant all prisoners of war a monthly advance of pay in its own currency in terms of the Swiss franc. c. Any amounts in excess which are properly in their possession and which are taken from them are placed to their separate accounts.fullest extent in caring for their own sick and wounded. escapes. and daily or other fixed interval strength data. the money is disposed of according to pertinent Army directives. The costs of medical treatment for prisoners of war are borne by the United States. PAY AND ALLOWANCES a. 1£ adequate facilities are not available for the type of medical care required. the commanding officer of the hos­ pital is responsible for their security and for ad­ ministrative procedures. deaths. The Detaining Power may specify the maxi­ mum amount of money in cash or in any similar form that prisoners of war may retain in their possession. prisoners of war are to be admitted to military or civilian medical installations where the required treatment can be given. b. 1£ the prisoners cannot show lawful acquisition thereof.

d. visers and assistants. When a prisoner is transferred from the control of the United States to another power. it is used for the payment of prisoners' representatives and their ad. installation. Prisoners of war are paid a fair working rate of pay by the Detaining Power. may be modified by special agreements among the Parties to the conflict. Prisoners of war may also have pay­ 60 AGO 1885C . When a prisoner is transferred from one camp to another. however. c. e. 1£ there is a fund that is maintained by canteen profits. Every item entered in the account of a pris­ oner of war is countersigned or initialed by him or· by the prisoners' representative acting on his behalf. An account is maintained for each prisoner of war.. The amount. Prisoners of war who are permanently detailed to duties or to a skilled or semiskilled occupation in connection with the administration.vance of pay is determined by the military or equiva­ lent rank of the prisoner. or maintenance of camps also receive working pay. Prisoners of war or retained personnel who are required to perform spiritual or medical duties on behalf of their com­ rades are likewise paid working pay. and amounts due him. It is the responsibility of the power on which the prisoner depends to settle with him any _ I credit balance due to him from the United States upon the termination of his captivity. debits. his accounts are forwarded with him. Prisoners of war are permitted to receive remit­ tances of money addressed to them individually or collectively. a certificate for the amount standing to his credit is also forwarded with him. showing the credits.

All correspondence to and from prisoners of war is exempt from postal dues. When such payments are addressed to dependents. b. not less than two letters and four cards per month. In the event of a transfer from one camp to another. instructions. the prisoner is still allowed to send. or written message may be delivered by a prisoner of war. All prisoner-of-war correspondence is censored. both in the countries of origin and destination and in any intermediate countries. Although a prisoner of war has the right to receive and send mail. including packages. MAIL AND CENSORSHIP a. and state of health. 51. subject to financial or monetary restrictions deemed necessary by the detaining power. If limitations are imposed on prisoner-of-war mail. or of sickness. and all mail addressed to prisoners of war is exam­ ined in accordance with the Geneva Convention and Department of the Army. they are given priority.ments made abroad. document. in addition to capture and correspondence cards. -No paper. note. c. address. If a prisoner of war has not filled out the capture and correspondence cards. certain limitations may be imposed by the detaining power. he is given this opportu­ nity not later than one week after arrival at a camp. A-GO 1885C 61 . each prisoner of war is likewise permitted to send a correspondence card direct to his family and to the Central Prisoner-of -War Information Agency giving his name. directly to any person visiting a camp. d.

on matters con­ cerning their religious duties with the ecclesiastical authorities in the country of detention and with in­ ternational religious organizations. 53. provided that they comply with the disciplinary routine prescribed by the mili62 A. INTELLECTUAL. subject to censorship. customs. medical supplies. cloth­ ing. sports outfits.e.GO 18815C . RELIEF SHIPMENTS Prisoners of war are allowed to receive by post or by any other means individual parcels or collective shipments containing such items as foodstuffs. and materials allowing prisoners of war to pursue their studies or their cultural activities. Chaplains who have been retained and prison­ ers of war who are ministers of religion are free to correspond. AND PHYSICAL AC­ TIVITIES a. educa­ tional. Mail will be conveyed by the most rapid method at the disposal of the detaining power and may not be delayed or retained for disciplinary reasons. RELIGIOUS. articles of a religious. seientific equip­ ment. 52. Prisoners of war enjoy complete liberty in the exercise of their religion. All relief ship­ ments for prisoners of war are exempt from import. f. and other duties but are subject to inspec­ tion and censorship in accordance with directives of the Department of the Army. including attendance at the services of their faith. Letters and cards which they send for this purpose are in addi­ tion to any other quotas imposed on prisoner-of-war mail. musical instruments. or recreational character.

Retained chaplains are provided with necessary facilities. wherever necessary. they receive the same treatment as retained chaplains. b. is made with the agreement of the prison­ ers concerned and. Sufficient open space for such activities is provided for this purpose in all camps. educational. instructional material and recreational equipment are provided the prisoners for such activi­ ties when practicable. 1385C 63 . whatever their de­ nomination. Prisoners of war who are ministers of religion. subject to the approval of the Detain­ ing Power. and they are not obligated to do any other work. or in his absence. This appointment. prisoners of war may request that a minister. and recreational activities. with the local religious authorities of the same faith. In the absence of a retained chaplain or a prisoner-of-war minister of their faith. Retained chaplains are allowed to minister to prisoners of war and to exercise freely their ministrations in accordance with their religious conscience. be appointed to function in this capacity. The camp commander and his staff should en­ courage prisoners of war to engage in intellectual. Prisoners of war are also given opportunity for taking physical exercise and for being out of doors. They should have the right to deal with the competent authorities of the camp on all questions relating to their duties. Adequate premises. for visiting prisoners of war outside their camp. belonging to their faith or a similar denomina­ tion. AGO. including the means of trans­ portation.taryauthorities. are to be free to minister to the members of their particular denomination. without having officiated as chaplains to their own forces. if feas­ ible. a qualified layman.

They also have the unrestricted right to address complaints directly or through their spokes­ men to the representatives of the protecting power. COMPLAINTS Prisoners of war have the right to make complaints to the camp commander regarding their conditions of captivity. speak the same language as the officers. They are provided quarters consistent· with their rank and are given reasonable opportunities for recreation and exercise. who. REPATRIATION OF SICK AND WOUNDED a. b. pro64 AGO·· 1385C . Except in unusual circumstances. a. complaints may not be the basis for punishment. Officer prisoners are accorded cer­ tain facilities and privileges commensurate with their rank. Orderlies. Orderlies are not required to perform any other work.54. Officers and prisoners of equivalent status are assigned orderlies from other ranks of the same armed forces. Even when recognized as unfounded. Privileges. OFFICER PRISONERS Officers and prisoners of equivalent status are treated with the regard due their rank and age. seriously wounded and seriously sick prisoners of war must be sent back to their own country after they have been medically cared for and are fit to travel. 56. as far as possible. no enlisted prisoner of war capable of performing a full day of productive labor is assigned as an orderly to an officer prisoner of war. 55. Regardless of their number or rank.

Throughout the duration of hostili­ • ties. Each notification of escape is accom­ panied by the best available description of the escaped prisoner of war and any additional informa-. notification of the escape of a prisoner of war is sent immediately by the com­ manding officer of the prisoner-of-war cage or camp. 57. after AGO 1385C 65 . However. to commands in other localities through which the prisoner is likely to travel. Notification of all escapes is sent to the Enemy Pris ­ oner-of-War Information Bureau. All appropriate decisions regarding sick and " wounded prisoners of war are to be made by mixed medical commissions which are to be appointed upon the outbreak of hostilities. The third member is to be appointed by the detaining power. or by the commander of the escort if the escape is made while in transit. no sick or wounded prisoner of war who is eligible for repatriation may be repatriated against his will dur ­ ing hostilities. b. to all military commands in the vicinity. Two of the members are to belong to a neutral country and are to be appointed by the International Com­ mittee of the Red Cross.vided that arrangements have been made with the country concerned to receive them. ESCAPE In a theater of operations. A mixed medical com­ mission is to be composed of three members. tion which may be useful in effecting his recapture. and to higher headquarters. and to indigenous civil law enforcement officers if appropriate. the countries concerned may make arrangements for the accommodation in neutral countries of sick and wounded prisoners of war.

Bodies may be cremated only for imperative reasons of hygiene. b. and all data necessary to identify the grave. If the cause of death is unknown. 'When a body is cremated. or upon his request for cremation. the date and place of burial. Death certificates. their religion. a. another prisoner of war. The burial or cremation of a prisoner of war must be preceded by a medical examination of the body. Notification of recapture is promptly forwarded to each agency previously notified of the escape. c. or if a death or serious injury of a prisoner of war was caused or suspected to have been caused by a sentry.a sufficient period of time has elapsed to make im­ mediate recapture appear improbable. or any other person. Enemy identification media. such as identifica66 AGO 1385C . 58. and identified with appropriate markers. Their graves are respected. this fact. properly maintained. on account of the prisoner's re­ ligion. Prisoners of war who have died in captivity. or lists certified by a respon­ sible officer. together with the reasons for this procedure. DEATH a. must be stated in the death certificate. if possible according to the rites of . are hon­ orably buried. The death certificate or list must identify the individual and state the date and place of death. the cause of death. e. an official in­ quiry should be made and a report of the findings • sent to the Office of The Provost Marshal General. of all persons who die as prisoners of war are forwarded as rapidly as possible to the En­ emy Prisoner-of-War Information Bureau. regardless of the cause or manner of death.

or copies of originals.tion tags. G-l allocates available labor to other staff agen­ cies based on their requirements. remain with the body. GeneraZ. G-l. prisoners of war should be worked under the immediate supervision of their own non­ commissioned officers who. The number of guards required for prisoners of war who are retained in the com­ munications zone for labor depends upon the labor project and the number of prisoners of war utilized. are forwarded to the Enemy Prisoner-of­ War Information Bureau. For best results. AGO 1385C 67 . b. or in the zone of interior within areas of labor specified by the Geneva Convention. G-4 receives a bulk allocation of prisoner-of-war laborers and reallo­ cates to the technical services as may be required. should be super­ vised by officer prisoners of war. Prisoners of war should be screened occupationally and for security before assignment. The provost marshal of tlste communi­ cations zone reports the number of prisoners of war available for labor to the Assistant Chief of Staff. 59. if possible. The detaining power may utilize as laborers prisoners of war who are physically fit. they may be employed in rear areas of the combat zone. LABOR a. in turn. Super­ vision of prisoners of war employed at Navy or Air Force installations becomes the responsibility of those services upon their acceptance of prisoners for such employment. Although prisoners of war are generally employed in the communications zone. Supervisors. Duplicate identification media if any.

installation. 24 consecutive hours weekly. (3) The duration of the daily labor of a pris ­ oner of war.c. or mainte­ nance. (2) Noncommissioned officers may be required to do only supervisory work. Officers and noncommissioned officers may be permitted to work if they request it. The Provost Marshal General. A prisoner of war must be allowed definite rest periods. must not be exces­ sive. normally designates the type of labor in which prisoners of war may be employed. including the time of the jour­ ney to and from work. All prisoners of war are given a physical ex­ amination before being assigned to work. acting for the Army. at least once a month. preferably on Sunday or the day of rest in his country of origin. and eight paid consecutive days. Limitations governing prisoner-of-war labor include the following: (1) No prisoner of war may be employed at work for which he is physically unfit. prisoners of war may be compelled to do only such work as is included in the following classes: agriculture. including not less than one hour in the middle of the day's work. and are examined periodically. and must in no case exceed the time al­ lowed for civilian workers employed at the same work in the same district. if he has worked for one year. domestic 68' AGO l3Blle . (4) In addition to work connected with camp administration. Restrictio'M.

draining swamps. commercial business. (5) Unless he volunteers. For instance. AGO. such as assisting in pre ­ ventive medicine activities.13S5C 69 . clearing and straightening s t rea m s. no prisoner of war may be employed on labor which is of an unhealthy or dangerous nature. machinery. and arts and crafts. and industries or public utility serV­ ices which have no military character or purpose.. particularly in respect to accommodations. e. (8) Retained chaplains and prisoners of war who are ministers of religion performing such duties are not to be compelled to carry out any work other than that concerned with their religious duties. but it is permissible to utilize prisoners of war in labor which is not military in char ­ acter or purpose. and applying residual-type insecti­ cide for controlling insect-borne diseases. g. food. (6) A prisoner of war may not be assigned to labor which is looked upon as humiliating for a member of the Armed Forces of the United States. Safety precautions and regulations must also be applied. (7) Suitable working conditions must be granted prisoners of war.• service. and chemical industries. clothing. prisoners of war may not be compelled to work in metallur ­ gical. The re­ moval of mines or similar devices is con­ sidered as dangerous labor. and equipment. transport and handling of stores which are not military in character or pur­ pose.

The Army con­ tinues to be responsible for the maintenance. and maintenance of prisoner-of-war camps. if necessary. Oompensation and Labor Detaohments. The military authorities and the commander of the camp are responsible for the observance of the provisions of the Geneva Oonvention in labor detachments. 70 AGO 1385C . Pris­ oners of war are paid a fair working rate. (2) Prisoners of war are counted and inspected before going to and upon returning from work. they are searched. care. the prison ­ ers are treated as provided by the Oonven­ tion and pertinent Department of the Army regulations and directives. The pay at no time may be less than one-fourth of one Swiss franc for a full working day.d. (3) When prisoners of war are employed on projects by employers other than the Army. treatment. Working pay is like­ wise paid to prisoners of war who are permanently detailed to duties or a skilled or semiskilled occupa­ tion in connection with the administration. and payment of the working pay of prisoners of war em­ ployed by industry. (1) Branch camps are organized and adminis­ tered in a manner similar to prisoner-of-war camps. even if the employers are responsible for guarding and protecting them. Labor detachments are adminis ­ tered by the prisoner-of-war camp. security. Special counts and searches are made at un­ scheduled times. manage­ ment.

b. Sufficient food. potable water. The prisoner of war also receives a medical certificate which may enable him to submit a claim to the power on which he depends. INJURED AND DISEASED PRISONERS A prisoner of war who sustains injury or contracts a disease in the course of or as a consequence of his work receives all the care his condition may require. prisoners of war are officially advised of their departure and their new AGO 1385C 71 . the requesting unit or service is responsible. only during the hours of employment. A duplicate copy of the medi ­ cal certificate is sent to the Central Prisoner-of-W ar Information Agency. Adminis­ tration remains the responsibility of the camp commander. shelter. cloth­ ing. Adequate precautions are taken to insure the safety of the prisoners. In the event of transfer. for the security and proper employment of the prisoners. The transfer of prisoners of war is always ef­ fected humanely and under conditions not less favor ­ able than those under which United States troops are transported. Section III.(4) When prisoner of war labor is requested by units of the Army or by other services for labor by the day. Sick and wounded prisoners of war are not transferred if their recovery may be impaired. TRANSFER OF PRISONERS OF WAR a. and medical attention are provided dur ­ ing transfer. 60. TRANSFER AND EVACUATION 61.

Rosters are completed in sufficient number to provide copies for the officer or senior noncommissioned offi­ cer in charge of the guard accompanying the prison­ ers. b. which is not to exceed twenty-five kilograms (approximately 55 pounds) per person. In addition. the commanding officer of the receiving prisoner­ of-war unit or installation. the provost marshal concerned. if the prisoners have been processed. grade. nationality. the internment serial number is included. EVACUATION BY WATER a. service num­ ber. 72 A. 62. or en­ closure transferring custody and the unit. c. if circumstances so require.postal address in sufficient time to permit them to pack their luggage and to notify their next of kin (par. the port authorities. camp. and capture date. the weight of which may be limited.GO. camp. or enclosure receiving the prisoners have full informa­ tion as to the number of prisoners being transferred. Prisoners of war are allowed to take with them their personal effects.188~ . the move is so coordinated that the unit. The shipping lists in­ clude the full name. and other appropri­ ate officials. arrangements are made for necessary guard personnel and for trans­ portation to and from the port or beach. and the time of departure and the estimated time of arrival of the vessel. 51). to the amount each prisoner can reasonably carry. When prisoners of war are transferred or evac­ uated by vessel within a theater of operations. Alphabetical shipping lists of prisoners of war are made for each transport.

smoking privileges. each group is escorted under guard. and then officer prisoners and other groups. Life belts should be provided. d. Head counts are made upon boarding and at appropriate intervals thereafter. Prohibited items are impounded or con­ fiscated. Prisoners of war are assembled in inclosed or otherwise secured areas at the port of embarkation. light regulations. After the search. In addition. food. Wounded and seriously ill prisoners of war should be separated and prisoners with communicable diseases should be isolated from other prisoners.GO . and clothing to maintain health should be provided. Wounded and seriously ill prisoners are loaded first. however.c. instructions should be given to the prisoners with re­ gard to restricted areas. Ade­ quate confinement facilities should be provided for A. Each prisoner carries his own clothing and other possessions. prisoners are deloused prior to embarkation. Safety and hygienic conditions aboard ship should conform to the requirements of the Geneva Convention. Adequate latrine facili­ ties as well as sufficient ventilation and air space to maintain health standards should be made available. potable water. the possessions of the wounded or the ill and of high ranking officers are carried aboard by special prisoner-of-war details. When required. and fire and boat drills conducted.1385C 73 . and other prohibitions or privileges. and is conducted to its assigned area aboard ship. The segrega­ tion of prisoners is maintained throughout the as­ sembling. to the gangplank according to the order of embarkation. Adequate medical facilities. the boarding. are divided into groups. and the quartering on ship. and are searched before they board ship.

prisoners who violate regulations. Signs should be posted in the languages of the prisoners. e. Aboard ship, prisoners of war serve as cooks; as food handlers; as kitchen police; and as clean-up details for decks, latrines, showers, and bunk or sleep­ ing areas. f. If sleeping facilities are inadequate, provision is made to rotate the prisoners of war, by roster or shift, among the available hammocks, bunks, or pal­ lets. g. If meSs facilities are inadequate, it may only be possible to provide two meals per day per prisoner, or the prisoners may be divided into several groups, each group eating at a different time. h. If a prisoner of war dies aboard ship, the com­ mander of the escorting unit completes and forwards the required certificate or authentication to the Enemy Prisoner-of-War Information Bureau (par. 58). If circumstances require the burial of a pris­ oner of war at sea, the latitude and longitude of the place of burial are given in the report.
63. EVACUATION FROM COMMUNICATIONS ZONE

The number of prisoners of war to be evacuated from the communications zone to the zone of interior is governed by such factors as available shipping, theater labor requirements, and facilities in the zone of interior. Prior to each authorized shipment of prisoners, The Provost Marshal General, Department of the Army, must be informed of the numbers, ranks, and nationalities of prisoners of war being evacuated.

74

AGO la811e

CHAPTER 4
MILITARY POLICE PRISONER-Of-WAR UNITS

Section I. MILITARY POLICE PRISONER-Of-WAR
PROCESSING COMPANY
64. ORGANIZATION

The military police prisoner-of-war processing company is organized under T/O & E 19-237. The company consists of a company headquarters and three platoons. The company headquarters provides for the internal administration and mess of the com­ pany. Each platoon is capable of operating inde­ pendently, and is composed of a platoon headquarters and five specialized sections, which are designated as the receiving, processing, photographic, fingerprint, and record sections. Each platoon is capable of processing at least one prisoner of war per minute.
65. MISSION

The mission of the military police prisoner-of­ war processing company is to receive, search, and process prisoners of war. Processing includes mak­ ing and maintaining permanent reports and records, assigning internment serial numbers to all prisoners, and furnishing pertinent information to the Enemy Prisoner-of-War Information Bureau.

AGO 1385C

7S

66. ASSIGNMENT

Prisoner-of-war processing companies are as­ signed to field armies and the communications zone as required. Platoons from the company may be attached to task forces.
67. COMPANY OPERATIONS

a. The prisoner-of-war processing company nor­ mally operates by platoons. When the company is operating as a unit, the platoons should be sepa­ rated sufficiently to permit efficient operations. b. The physical arrangement of a platoon for processing is determined by the physical layout of the building or tent used. In processing, provision should be made for the continuous movement of prisoners of war from one section to another, and for sufficient space between the sections to allow for the efficient functioning of each section. (See fig. 7.) c. In processing prisoners of war, speed and smoothness of movement are primary considerations. To prevent monotony and to insure the continuous functioning of the platoon in the event of losses, each member of the platoon is trained to handle at least one additional processing assignment. Changes of personnel between sections are made as neces­ sary to insure the continuous processing of the pris­ oners. Each unit determines through practice the most economical arrangement of personnel. d. When the company operates as a complete unit, the continuous processing of prisoners of war may be maintained over a twenty-four hour period by as­ signing an eight hour shift to each platoon. In the event that the sudden receipt of a large number of
76
AGO 1385C

::-::.. _ . l ~" -----.' ._______________J ~ ..JI. / PO ".. : I' '" ~":'G l '. ...'1 IN 6... RO " • FH. IN A"'" ". ....-~·:-:~:J ~ ." -r-. / {f E:::J E:::J 0 .. \ ...' ) . ..... • ' . .~-- '-~.. PO .' >..nOR IOlRD OL. :0 '1 . \ IN .. PROC"ESSING S~CTION PHOTOGRAPHIC SECTION :/ !' .. _".___ *4_____ .. ... 1 ~& \ ..-••_ . ____ ~ ___ -".. . _ _ _ _ _ ...---~ I ~6 " ..t.-_/ x I RECORD SECTION _ ~._ _ _ _ _6....le:ERPRINT INICER FIItGERPRIHTER R~RD IECTION CURIC PRISONER or WAIl RARO Ktv TO 1nIB019 P AP PHOTOQRAPIiEII ASatSTANT PttOTOGRAPHtR X REeavER UNTERPR£TER FROII I'ROCESSINO IEOTIONJ o GLERK IN INTERPRETU o DEVELOPER • I!ARCHER .."*___ tI PROenSING I!OTION SERGEANT.....~ I! .........-'!. FINGERPRINT SECTION ~ (... \ : 1 I "..--"1------._. " " ' ..I. CO n \..t. RECEIVING SECTION I A/~I . . Pn'ERPRETDI) • WEIClH!" (BASIO) I INSPEOTOR (SEOlIDN R PRINTER PC 'NDEIIT'Plo...:"IS I IN / : ." :' I " IH 6\ \ .~.6 :=-J I O· '\ o . Prisoner-ot-war processing platoon• .-----~--... IEROEANT) Figure 9. I on ...

least those phrases in the foreign language that will expedite the handling of the prisoners of war within their section. and instruc­ tional signs. linguists proficient in the same language are assigned to different platoons. 71. e. the platoon is trained to handle its own administration. 69. printed in the languages of the prisoners and in English. 70. TREATMENT OF PRISONERS Processing personnel refrain from touching pris­ oners unnecessarily during processing. CARRYING OF FIREARMS Firearms are not worn or carried by personnel of the military police prisoner-of-war processing com­ pany while prisoners of war are being processed. The platoon leader is responsible for the training and operation of the 78 AGO 1385C . are used to assist in directing prison­ ers of war through precessing. 68. signs.prisoners requires more than one platoon to be on duty at the same time. 1£ the company is assigned interpreters for more than one language. guiding them from place to place. PLATOON OPERATIONS As the platoon may frequently be separated from the company headquarters. the schedule is revised by the company commander. USE OF SIGNS Signs. Non­ interpreter personnel should know at. and gestures. are helpful. informing them what is expected of them. Prisoners of war are directed by words. Both directional signs.

The reoeiver records the name of the prisoner on the Basic Personnel Record Prisoner of War-Enemy Alien (DA Form 19-2). The platoon leader selects from each group of prisoners of war to be processed one or more prisoners senior in grade or rank who can speak English. As far as practicable. or sketches of miliAGO 1385C 79 . RECEIVING SECTION a. Prisoners of war may be used to assist the platoon in the processing procedure. who asks the prisoner to remove his personal possessions and place them on a tray. called the re­ oeiver. the platoon leader relays or­ ders and instructions to the prisoners through these • selected leaders. signal devices. at the same time mov­ ing the tray containing the personal pos­ sessions to the inspeotor. and makes them responsible for the conduct of the groups. Operation. A prisoner of war is handled by the receiving section in the following manner: (1) The prisoner of war enters the processing building or tent and is directed to a mem­ ber of the receiving section. (See fig. pictures.) 72. papers or books containing any invisible writing. 7. and assigns him an internment serial number. The leader explains to these prisoners the purpose of the processing. The inspeotor examines the effects while the search is be­ ing conducted. The reoeiver then directs the pris­ oner to the searoher.platoon. maps. (2) The prisoner of war is carefully searched for concealed weapons.

(3) The prisoner then moves to the next station where he is weighed. and other unauthorized articles that may have been overlooked in previous searches." 80 AGO 1385C ." "Place hands here. (2) Noninterpreters should know such words and phrases in the prisoner's language as ­ "Place your personal effects in this tray. and where he is examined for identifying marks. and any other required information. Special I'Mtruotio'M. The i'Mpeotor informs the olerk of the arti ­ cles belonging to the prisoner that are to be taken from him and retained by the Gov ­ ernment. they are placed with the prisoner's other effects on the tray before the i'Mpeotor. assigned serial number. equipment or implements of war. The data together with his age are also recorded on DA Form 19-2. If any such articles are found. where his height is measured." "Stand here.tary or naval installations. All these articles are recorded in a special property register and a receipt given to the prisoner of war for money or items of value. (1) Members of the receiving section must be thoroughly familiar with foreign money. These articles are also re­ corded on DA Form 19-2 and are placed in a container that is marked with the pris ­ oner's name. b. The prisoner is then handed his form and directed to the processing section. Care must constantly be exercised to detect counterfeit currency.

b. The questioning of a prisoner of war is confined to obtaining the informa ­ tion necessary to complete the personnel record."Stand there." "Do not rush. where there appears to be unnecessary delay." "Take your things. The noncommissioned of­ ficer in charge of the processing section must be able to speak and read fluently the language designated for his group. hands it to the prisoner. Members of the processing section should memorize the information required by the prisoner-of-war per ­ sonnel record. Interpreter8." "Do you have any scars~" "Step on scale. A thorough know ledge of the reasons behind each question on the form is of assistance in obtaining the required information. The interpreters should have AGO 1385C 81 . Que8tioning Pri8oner8. He should carefully observe the progress of the interviews and." "That is all." "Wait. so that when advisable he may readily make special assignments of prisoners. The noncommissioned officers of the processing section assign prisoners of war to in­ terpreters. He should know the abilities of the interpreters. Special Instructions. c. When the information has been recorded. PROCESSING SECTION a. When required. and directs him to the photographic section. certain selected and trusted prisoners of war may be used as interpreters. the in­ terpreter initials the form. per­ sonally take charge." 73.

prisoners can frequently assist interpreters by writing unusual names. c. and places the board. b. (1) Before beginning the processing. The assistant re­ ceives each prisoner of war and the identification board. Oamera Group. To maintain a high standard of work. This group consists of the photographer and his assistant. 82 AGO 1385C . At least three men are needed to prepare the boards. 74. rather than sit. Theidentification board group receives the prisoners of war from the processing section. d. After the picture is taken. It is good practice to have the prisoner of war stand. during the photographing. Special Instructions. Identification Board Group. The boards are prepared in accordance with Department of the Army directives. PHOTOGRAPHIC SECTION· a. FWlUJtioning. and shows the boards to the prisoners for verifi­ cation. directs the prisoner to the spot designated. the assistant turns the prisoner of war for a profile view. a few photographs should be taken and developed to insure proper lighting and exposure. has him face the· camera. Men temporarily relieved from developing and printing may be used for this work. developers and printers must receive relief at frequent intervals. Each member of the section should be trained to perform the work of every other member so that the duties can be ro­ tated during the actual processing. The members of this section should be qualified photographers. prepares the boards on the basis of the information contained on the personnel rec­ ords.paper and pencil available.

(2) Members of the photographic section should know such words and phrases in the prison ­ er's language as­ "Come with me. Finge1'prVnting." "Face the ca." "Relax. applies the ink." "Stand still. and takes the prints. (1) To minimize fatigue. duties should be ro­ tated among the members of the section.." "Wait." 75. When the photographs have been taken. (2) Members of the fingerprint section should lmow such words and phrases in the prison­ ers language as­ "Clean your hands.." "Raise your head. is handed the forms. Special Instructions. and is sent to the record section. b." "Face me. the prisoner of war is directed to the fingerprint section." "That is all. FINGERPRINT SECTION a. The fingerprinter makes certain that the hands of the prisoner are clean and free from any oily substance.mera. being careful to protect the forms from smudging or smearing. The prisoner is then di­ rected to cleanse his hands with the materials pro ­ vided for this purpose." "Next." "Turn around." AGO 1385C 83 ." "Stand here.

." 76. Di8p08ition of Form8. (2) Personal effects which are not retained by _ the prisoner of war during his internment 84 AGO l381le . The record section forwards the duplicate copy to the Enemy Prisoner-of. b. 'When the photographs are received. Members of this section should be competent typists. The forms are filed until the photographs are received from the photographic section. War Information Bureau where it is re­ tained as the basic record of the prisoner. and should be trained to detect errors quickly. careful. RECORD SECTION a. Forms are usually filed by internment serial numbers. and the further processing of the prisoner of war is delayed until the correction is made. at which time it is forwarded to the commanding officer of the new camp. The forms are checked carefully for correctness and completeness. care being exercised that the correct pictures are attached to the proper forms. c. (1) The original copy of the prisoner-or-war record is retained at the camp until the prisoner is transferred. and thorough in their duties. • When any mistake or omission is found. This section types the information secured by the preceding sections. Each member of the record section initials all the records handled by him." "Roll your arm this way. should be accurate."Do not press. Per80nnel. the form is returned to the section responsible. they are attached to the forms. Function.

The military police guard company (mobile) is organized under TjO & E 19-47. company headquarters and three platoons." "Go out that door. Members of the record section should know such words and phrases in the prisoners. 21). a. The company consists of a. 78." Section II. d. MISSION AND ASSIGNMENT a. ORGANIZATION There are two types of military police guard com­ panies: military police guard company (mobile) and military police guard company. language as ­ " "Is this your name 1" "Wait. MILITARY POLICE GUARD COMPANY 77." "That is all. The mission of the military police guard com ­ pany (mobile) is to guard and evacuate prisoners of AGO 1385C 85 . The company consists of a company headquarters. three guard platoons.are disposed of in accordance with Depart­ ment of the Army instructions (par. (3) The record section also prepares and trans­ mits to appropriate officials such other iden ­ tification records as may be prescribed by the theater commander. The military police guard company is organized under TjO & E 19-247. b. Special Instructions. and a machine gun section." "Stand over here.

500 prisoners of war or interned enemy aliens at prisoner-of-war cages (may be augmented with teams from TjO & E 19-500 in case the physical layout of the cage or the number of prisoners or internees so dictates) . evacuating 1.000 prisoners of war or interned enemy aliens at prisoner­ of-war cages. The companies are assigned to field armies and the communications zone as required.000 to 1. The military police guard company (mobile) is capable of providing the guard for 2.500 prisoners of war or interned enemy aliens by marching. o. b. or the communications zone.000 prisoners of war or interned enemy aliens at prisoner-of-war camps. CAPABILITIES a. and ports. a corps. and pro­ viding the guard for the evacuation of 1.000 to 1.500 prisoners of war or interned enemy aliens 86 AGO 1385C . The companies are assigned to the communi­ cations zone and to the zone of interior as required.000 to 2. providing the guard for three to four prison­ er-of-war labor companies employed on work proj­ ects distant from cages or camps. 79. The military police guard company is capable of providing the guard for 2.500 to 2.500 to 2. camps. The mission of the military police guard com­ pany is to guard prisoners of war or interned enemy aliens. both at prisoner-of-war camps or cages and during transfer to and between cages.000 to 3. evacuating 1.war and interned enemy aliens. providing the guard for 1.000 prisoners of war or interned enemy aliens by motor in vehicles of Transportation Corps truck companies or in other vehicles under the control of an army.

AGO 1385C 87 . Prisoners of war who are transferred from an army or corps prisoner-of-war cage to the zone of interior are transported to the port of embarkation under a guard furnished by a guard company from the communications zone. (2) Furnishes guard details for prisoners of war working outside the camp.000 to 3. At the port of embarka­ tion the prisoners of war are turned over to the port commander for shipment to the zone of interior. A guard company that is assigned to a prisoner­ of-war camp performs the following duties: (1) Guards prisoners of war within the camp. The guard company op ­ erates at the army or corps prisoner-of-war cage or at a prisoner-of-war camp in the communication zone. WITH LOGISTICAL COMMAND a. or to a corps when it is operating independently. 8:1.000 prisoners of war by rail in standard-type military railway trains. b. • 80.by marching. or are used to guard prisoners of war who are being evacuated or who are being transported to camps on work projects. WITH AN ARMY OR SEPARATE CORPS One or more military police guard companies may be attached to a field army. providing the guard and escort for the movement of fifty truckloads of prisoners of war by motor. Military police guard companies that are at­ tached to a logistical command are assigned to prisoner-of-war camps or projects. and providing the guard and escort for the movement of 2. (3) Furnishes guard details for prisoners of war being transferred from one camp to another.

PURPOSE OF TRAINING The main objective of all military training is success in combat. emphasis m-. the train­ ing program should emphasize the coordinating of the various sections and specialist skills in order to develop the teamwork necessary to aGcomplish the mission. This appendix is con­ cerned primarily with the technical training appli­ cable to personnel assigned to a military police prisoner-of-war processing company or a military police guard company. and tactical.APPENDIX TRAINING 1. Training in the handling of pris­ oners of war furt!1ers the accomplishment of the military mission through the proper disposition and 88 AGO 138CiC . 2. On the other hand. In preparing the training program. In a military police prisoner­ of-war processing company.lst be placed on the subjects that are most applicable to the type of duties that are to be performed. GENERAL The training of personnel assigned to handle pris­ oners of war may be divided into three categories: basic. in a military police guard company. for example. technical. the training program should em­ phasize such subjects as the movement and guarding of prisoners of war.

use of force. (l) Release. (i) Labor of prisoners of war. including the following: (a) Rights of prisoners of war. General. (e) Interment of prisoners of war. or to be impounded or confiscated by the captors. «(]) Personal effects of prisoners of war that are to be retained by the prisoners. 3. AGO 1385C 89 .advantageous utilization of prisoners of war in ac­ cordance with the Geneva Oonvention of 1~ August 1949 and pertinent directives. (h) Discipline of prisoners of war. (j) Payment of prisoners of war. (k) Penal and disciplinary sanctions for pris­ oners of war. STANDARDS TO BE ATTAINED a. All personnel assigned to handle pris­ oners of war should: (1) Understand the provisions of the Geneva Oonvention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. food. (I) Quarters. and death of pris­ oners of war. repatriation. (g) Hygiene and medical attention for pris­ oners of war. (d) Conditions of transfer of prisoners of war. and clothing for prIs ­ oners of war. disposition of personal effects impounded or confiscated. (b) Information that prisoners of war are re­ quired to give to captors.

includ ­ ing all material of intelligence value. b. complete. (5) Know the disposition that is to be made of confiscated and impounded effects. In addition to attaining the standards for all personnel handling 90 AGO 1385C . and uninter ­ rupted processing. (2) Maintain all necessary individual records with regard to prisoners of war. In addition to attaining the standards for all personnel handling prisoners of war.War Proce88ing Oompany. (3) Furnish pertinent information compiled to the Enemy Prisoner-of-vVar Information Bureau. (2) Know their jurisdiction and authority over prisoners of war. (6) Develop a practical working knowledge of the language of the enemy. Military Police Prisoner-o f. (4) Be proficient in more than one of the spe­ cialist skills required in the prC!cessing com­ pany.(m) Information bureaus and relief societies for prisoners of war. so that personnel may be rotated to insure continuous. Military Police Guard Oompany. (4) Know how to search prisoners of war. c. person­ nel of the military police prisoner-of-war processing company should­ (1) Be able to operate independently in indi­ vidual platoons. each platoon capable of processing one prisoner of war per minute on an eight hour basis. (3) Be familiar with military regulations as to degTee of force to be used in the control of prisoners of war.

personnel of the military police guard company should: (1) Be able to evacuate prisoners of war. its personnel are trained to become proficient in the following: . and protect documents or material of intelligence value. (1) The over-all technical training objective for a military police prisoner-of-war proc­ essing company is to train it to process effi­ ciently one prisoner of war per minute on a twenty~four hour basis and to attain profi ­ ciency in the maintenance of the records. (I) Repairing or replacing damaged equip ­ ment. 4. forms. prevent escapes. (3) Know how to guard prisoners of war. (2) To insure the effective performance of the company as a unit. (e) Searching prisoners of war. (g) Loading and unloading equipment. (3) To insure the effective operation of each AGO 1385C 9T . (2) Know how to tag prisoners of war. Military Police Prisoner-of-War Processing Oompany. (b) Establishing processing stations.(a) Coordinating the activities of the sections. eriforce discipline. (d) Guarding prisoners of war. main ­ tain segregation.prisoners of war. TECHNICAL TRAINING OBJECTIVES a. (c) Establishing security measures. and reports required for transmittal to the Enemy Prisoner~of-War Information Bureau.

3. 1. Assigning internment serial numbers. 1. Recording weight. ~.. Recording information. height. age. Examining personal effects. Taking photographs. ~. Recording information. Recording names. (e) Record section. b. Inking plates. 1. 7. personnel assigned to the sections are trained to become proficient in the following: (a) Receivin. . Producing clear. (c) Photographic section. and iden­ tifying marks. Searching prisoners of war. Disposing of effects taken from prisoners of war. individuals assigned to the military police guard company are trained in the essential techniques that are necellsary to insure the efficient achievement of the·following: 92 AGO 1385C . (d) Fingerprint section. Interrogating prisoners of war. 3. Developing and printing. 6. (0) Processing section. 5. 1.of the five sections. Military Police Guard Oompany. To insure the proper performance of their duties. readable fingerprint records. Preparing identification boards. ~. ~.q section. Recording effects taken from prisoners of war. ~. 4. 1. Verifying identification boards. Filing forms . 4. .

and disposing of con­ fiscated or impounded prisoner-of-war per ­ sonal effects. embarking. rail. (11) Transporting prisoners of war. AGO 1385C 93 . unloading. (13) Using the services of enemy medical and other protected personnel. or boat. (5) Protecting prisoners of war against public insult or curiosity. (2) Guarding prisoners of war at cages and camps. motor. and plane. 5. (4) Searching prisoners of war. (9) Handling escapes. Additional training as appropriate and as needed should be included in the training pro ­ gram. including loading. (12) Counting a nd receipting for prisoners of war. MINIMUM TRAINING SCHEDULE The minimum training schedule which follows is only a guide for the technical training of the indi­ vidual members of a military police prisoner-of-war processing company and a military police guard company. (3) Evacuating prisoners of war by foot. (7) Segregating prisoners of war. marking. (10) Handling and disposing of injured pris­ oners of war. and de­ barking.(1) Tagging prisoners of war. (6) Guarding. (8) Enforcing military laws and regulations and maintaining order.

"MPPWPO-Military Police Prisoner-oI-War Process!n~ Company. 82 94 .AGO 1385C .GENERAL ALLOTMENT OF TIME Hours Subject Introduction____ ___ _ __ ____ __ _ _ ___ __ __ ____ _ __ __ 1 Geneva Conventions ________________________ '.__ 4 Disciplinary Measures ________________________ _ 5 Interrogation ________________________________ _ 1 Capture_____________________________________ _ 6 Collection___________________________________ _ 4 Evacuation___ ___ ___ _ _ ____ __ _ _ __ _ __ __ ____ __ ___ 12 Prisoners of War in the Communications Zone ____ 12 Military Police Prisoner-of-War Processing Com ­ pany _____________________________________ _ 1 1 5 3 2 6 2 4 8 tI 50 1 Military Police Guard Company _______________ _ 2 Total hours_____________________________ 48 'MPGC-Military Police Guard Company.

0 0 p. definition of prisoners of war. 0 p. ~ p. 00 VI .. ··Milltary Poliee Prlsoner·of·War Processing Company. Geneva Convention8 Pars.t" t o Hours Subjeot n "" References 00 .. 1-4_________ (1) (1) 4 5 C_________________ General and special staff officers' responsi­ bilities in relation to prisoners of war.! Introduction Pars...! -- ::. and PE______ Resum6 of rules for the general protection of prisoners of war. 5-7_________ (1) (2) Par. eo Method . 8 ____________ (1) (1) C and D __________ The Geneva Conventions. ·MllItary Pollee Guard Company.. ::. CJ D.. p. definition of protected personnel.

13 _______ 1 (3)1 (2) punishments. (. C. C________________ J Protecting Powers.. and PK _____ I Enumeration of permissible disciPlinarY'1 Pars. D. o C!l ~ ~ Po< ::s Po< Po< Geneva Conventions-Continued C ________________ J Prisoner-of-War Information Bureau. 14__________ -' (2)1 (1 . co e o Interrogation 1 2 f. cen-j Par.0­ 00 Hours Suhject Method References . 15_: _________ 1___ -1 (1 ~ . D. 12.___________ 1(1)1 (1) tral Prisoner-of-War Information Agency. 1L ______ 1 (1)1 (1) Disciplinary Measures 5 3 b­ C.) 00 c. 9. Po< . welfare organizations ___ Pars. and PK ____ -I Judicial proceedings _____________________ Par.. . and PE Purpose of interrogation. staff responsi- Par. 10. D..

°Milltary Police Guard Company. information supplied by prisoners of war upon capture. (4) I (2) Collection I 4 I 2 I Pars. C________________ -' Principles of interrogation. and PE______ I Staff responsibility. D. collecting points in arctic areas.. 18-2L ______ 1(2) 1(4) I Pars. 22-24 _______ 1 C. duties of escorts.. C________________ -' Airborne division collecting point. o·Military Police Prisoner·o!·War Processing Company• ... location of infantry division collecting point. personal effects. 16. Pars. responsibility of military police. _phases of interrogation. armored division collecting point. search of prisoners of war. I Pars. and PK _____ I Explanation of action of capturing troops. operations at division collecting point. documents. I Pars. 17_______ 1____ 1 (1) 6 () C11 '" C!)'ptuTe 6 (X) bility. D.. movement to division collecting point. D.l>­ e:> o . and PE _____ -' Segregation of prisoners of war. collecting points in desert areas. 27-30 _______ 1 (2) 1 (1) 00 . C.. 25-26_______ 1 (2) I (1) C.

handling of prisoners of war upon the forward displacement of army rear boundary. 0 0 0 Evacuation ~ il< -12 4 (1) ~ il< ~ I'< il< C. evacuation principles. 35. responsibilities for evacuation._____ Evacuation of prisoners of war to corps. and PE. C.36_______ 1 (3) 1 (1) I Pars. C. evacuation to communica­ tions zone. D. . evacua­ tion procedures. D. D.­ . procedure in handling prisoners of war at army cages. and PE ______ I Evacuation in amphibious operations. 31-34_______ (6) Pars.00­ CD Hours Subject Reference!! Method . and PE. 37-40_______ 1 (3) 1 (2) § >­ ::0 00 - ('l "" Explanation of the requirements of the Geneva Convention regarding evacuation of prisoners of war.____ J Pars. evacuation in airborne operations.

44-46 _______ 1 (1)1 <¥J C. cour­ tesies and salutes. command responsibilities. Supplies and equipment at prisoner-of-war camps. I Pars. Administrative considerations in the operation of camps. ~ .andPK 50-52_______ I (1) I (1) C. relief shipments. I Pars. records and reports. prisoner-of-war camps. requirements of camps. Pay and allowances for prisoners of war. canteens at prisoner-of war camps. organiza­ tion of prisoner-of-war companies. 53-55_______ 1 (1)1 (1) ·Military Pollee Guurd Company. mail and censorship. (1) C. "Military POlice Prisoner·or·War Processing Company. and PE. treatment of officer prisoners. I Pars. and PE. and PE. intellectual. Cages and processing stations: duties and functions of prisoner-of-war cage repre ­ sentatives. D. D. selec­ tion and duties of representatives. sanitation and medical care. Religious. processing. 41-43 _______ 1 (1)1 (1) C. and physical activities of prisoners of war. D. D. de­ scription of camps. complaints.• 12 8 o o t>­ Prisoners of War in the Communications Zone () "" "" "" I Pars. I Pars. ·disposition of personal effects. 47-49 _______ 1 (1)1 (1) '0. D. and PE.

.__ Prisoners of War in the Communications ... 60_______ I (4) I (1) communications zone.. and PE. D. D. evacuation from communications zone . Provisions for transferring prisoners of war. D. procedure upon death of prisoners of war. n . action 1 Pars. ... I Pars... ~ o C... 00 ~ . and PE.1 .. Employment of prisoners of war in the 1 Pars. restrictions. ~ Po< Poi ~ ------- -~~-~--~-~~-~--- . labor units.·-. o Poi ~. Zone-Continued C. injured and diseased prisoners. Repatriation of sick and wounded... .- Hours Subject References a a Method . 56-58 _______ 1 (1)1 (1) upon escape of prisoners of war. and PE. 59. com­ pensation. C. o C!l Po< . 61-63 _______ 1 (2)1 (1) evacuation of prisoners of war by water..

and PK _____ Operations and function of the fingerprint 1 Par.72-------1----1 (9) of the receiving section.. carrying of firearms.7{L~ __ ~ __ ~-___ I____ 1(9) tion. and PK _____ Operations and function of the photographic 1 Par. D. 71. ··Military ~olice Prisoner-of-War Processing Company• o . 74___________ 1 1 (9) ____ " section. C. operations and function 1 Pars. use of signs. D. I ·Military Police Guard Company. and PE______ Platoon operations. D.. C. .. C. C.War Processing Company n 011 ~ C. 0. treatment of prisoners of war. . D.. 75___________ 1 ____ 1(10) section. and PE______ I The organization of the military police 1 Pars. D. 64-70-. its mission and assignment.. D. company opera­ tions..."and'PE~ ___ ~~ ()perationsand functionofthereoordsec-I·Par. Q ~ Military Police Prisoner-of.. and PK _____ Operations and function of the processing 1 Par. 1 I 50 o . 73 ___________ 1____ 1 (9) section."'._____ 1____ 1 (4) prisoner-of-war processing company.

"Military Police Prisoner-oC-War Processing Company.. 77-SL ______ (2) 'Military Police Guard Company. capabilities. D.o Hours . Subject ReCerences ~ Method .. 0 P< 0 0 i::: :2l 2 P< -1 (1) :2l P< P< Military Police Guard Company C... .. operations with army or separate corps.) (» n ell . lI­ . Pars. operations with logisti­ cal command. mission and assign­ ment. andPE______ The organization of the military police guard companies. o I<..

7. e. cover. and en­ emy partisan activities. Control of traffic and circulation of individuals. f. and movement. Realistic training and realism in maneuvers and field exercises appropriate to the unit's function and mission should be stressed. TRAINING CONSIDERATIONS Training should simulate as closely as possible the actual problems that will be encountered in the field. The principles of concealment and camouflage.6. personnel of the military police prisoner-of-war processing company and the mili­ tary police guard company should receive training in such subjects as the following: a. motor maintenance.' de­ fense against infiltration. d. Prescribed standards for the maintenance of all organization equipment. g. communication. The physical training required for dismounted ground combat consistent with the maximum capa­ bilities of the unit. o. ADDITIONAL TRAINING In addition to the training required for handling prisoners of war. Protection of property to include assistance to civil authorities when specifically authorized. Other duties normally assigned to military police. " c. The operation of the unit including adminis­ tration. h.' and supply functions. guerrilla warfare. Security consciousness that will assure detec­ tion and action against subversive activities. Ingenuity should be exercised in presenting problems and situations that will stimulate interest. AGO-1385C 103: .

63 62.nd . sanitation and medicaL__ ____ General_____________________________ Injured and diseased prisoners __ ____ ___ Intellectual activities_ __ _____ __ _____ __ Labor: Compensation __________________ _ GeneraL _______________________ _ Restrictions ____________________ _ Supervisors_____________________ _ Mail and censorshi p ____ .._.._.Officer prisoners _____________ ._. POW ____ " _______________ 52.. _.. pay and__________________ Censorship.. 53b 62.__ -_ privileges ___________ ..63 62. supplies and______________ Facilities.____ -_ Physical activities __________ .INDEX Para~ UTaph Paue Activities..63 . 53b Religious___________________________ 52..._. Allowances..allowances ___________ .-Pay a.63 50 5. mail and_ _ _ _____ _ _ __ ___ __ Command responsibilities ___ _ _ _ __ _____ Complaints___ _______ _ __ _ _ ______ ____ _ Courtesies _____ -'·_____ ___ __ __ __ ____ ___ ])eath______________________________ ])iseased prisoners _____ __ ___ __ ____ __ _ Escape______________________________ Equipment.9 51 61 45b 51 54 64 46 55 58 66 60 71 57 65 47 56 49 58 44 49 60 71 53 62 59d 59a 59c 59b 51 55 55b 55a 50 53 45 70 67 68 67 61 64 64 64 59 62 49 ~ 104 AGO 1385C .-Orderlies ___________________ . 53b PhysicaL ___________________________ 52.. POW: IntellectuaL ________________________ 52..___ ..___ -_ ..53b Administrative considerations: Activities..-_ 62..----Policies ____________________ .__ ..

POW.8_____________ _ 43 Capture: I>ocuments__________________________ 20 Escorts_____________________________ 24 Evacuation to collecting point_________ 18b GeneraL __ __ ______ _ __ _ _ __ _ _ _____ _ ___ 18 Interrogation at collelting point________ 18b Movement to division collecting point_ _ 23 Responsibility for POW_______________ 18c Search.7. pay and_____________________ _ 50 Boundary.­ graph Page Administrative considerations-Continued Prisoner of war: Evacuation _____________________ _ 61-63 Labor _________________________ _ 59 Officers ________________________ _ 55 Organization ___________________ _ 45e Representativcs _________________ _ 451 Transfer _______________________ _ 61 Principles __________________________ _ 45a Processing __________________________ _ 45d Property. rear.23 26 61 lOS' l' • AGO 1385C .Paro. 41 Camps. personaL _________________ _ 48 Records____________________________ _ 45c Relief shipments ____________________ _ 52 Religious activiti€ s __________________ _ 53 Repatriation of sick and wounded _____ _ 56 Reports. Figure 3 _________________________ _ 38.42 44 23 27 22 22 22 26 22 22. immediate___________________ 18a. mail and ____ ________________ 51b 7 71 67 64 53 53 71 49 51 57 51 62 62 64 51 58 57 56 57 57 71 11 59 41 39. 19 Segregation__ _______ _ __ __ _ _ ____ _ __ _ __ 22 Censorship. forward displacemenL ____ _ 40 Cages. records and ________________ _ 45c Sanitation and medical care __________ _ 49 Supplies and equipment: Canteens_______________________ _ 47d Clothing _______________________ _ 47a Miscellaneous___________________ _ 47c Rations ________________________ _ 47b Transfer of prisoners of war __________ _ 61 Agency. Figures 6. Central POW Information ________ _ 9c Allowances.

51. App.61. 61b Courtesies____ _ ___ __ _ __ ___ __ _ _ ___ __ ___ ___ 46 30 32 31 32 22 33 26. b Death certificate_ _ ____ __ _ __ __ __ __ ____ 58b Examination of body _ _____ ____ _______ 58e Identification media_ __ _ __ _ ____ ______ _ 58e Inquiry to determine cause_ ___ _ ___ ____ 58d On ship_____________________________ 62h Personal effects of deceased_ ______ _____ 48b Report to protecting power____ _ _______ 58d Discipline: Measures.PaTa~ IIraph Page Collecting point: Airborne division____________________ 27 Arctic operations______ ____ _ ___ ___ ___ _ 30a Armored division_____________________ 28b In a rapid pursuit_ ____ __ _ _ _______ 28d Definition_ ___ _ _ __ __ ____ _ _ ___ _ _ ______ 18b Desert operatiom _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ __ __ ______ _ 30b Division ____________________________ 23.. App.24b Purpose_____________________________ 25 General_____________________________ 25 Infantry division_____________________ 26 Collection ____________________________ 18b. Death of prisoner of war: BuriaL _ _ __ ____ _ _ __ ___ ___ __ __ _ _____ _ 58a. 71. 55 66 66 66 66 66 .88 13 15 14 15 15 15 20 13e 13a " " 13d 13b 13e 16d 12e 14 AGO 1385C . evacuation to_ _ _____ 39 Correspondence______________________ 38g.88 70 64 41 40. disciplinary ___________ 12-14. Punishment: Collective______________________ _ 12e Sanctions.27 28 28 28 22. Compensation _______________'_ ___ _ __ _____ 59d Complaints______________________________ 54 Communications zone. disciplinary: Confinement________________ _ Duration___________________ _ Escapees___________________ _ Fatigue duties ______________ _ Summary punishment poweL __ Standards__________________________ _ Use of weapons against POW_________ _ 106 74 58 66 13.

Para­ gra]Jh Page .___________________________ 3e.31-40..88 38 38 38 38 38 20 Education ______________________________ 53b. 29 2. 64-76 53. supplies and____ ___ _ ___ __ ___ __ 47 Escape_________________________________ 13d.61-63.57 Escorts ________________________________ 24.52 38a Shelters_____ __ __ ___ __ __ ____ __ ___ 39 By water____________________________ 62 72 Communications zone: Evacuation from_________________ 63 74 Evacuation to_ _ ___ ___ __ ___ ___ ___ 39 41 Diagrams. 2 _____________________________ _ Displacement of rear boundry line______ 40 41 33 GenerM_____________________________ 31-40 Handling during_ __ _ __ __ _ _ __ ___ _ __ ___ 16d 20 AGO 1385C 107 .33. 3e Effects.52 Sanitary measures________________ 38d 40 Search of prisoner________________ 38e 39 Serial number. Diseased prisoners_______________________ _ Displacement of Army rear boundry _______ _ Division: Airborne ___________________________ _ Armored ___________________________ _ Infantry ___________________________ _ Documents_____________________________ _ 60 40 27 28 26 71 41 30 31 28 23 63. internmenL ___ 45d (1). Airborne operations _________________ _ Amphibious operations_______________ _ Initial phase____________________ _ intermediate phase______________ _ Final phase_____________________ _ 36 35 35a 35b 35e • Army operations: Cages___________________________ 38a 39 Notification of families____________ 38g 40 Processing______ ___ ___ _ _ ____ __ ___ 38 39 Processing Companies ___ 45d (3). figures 1.75 Receipting for prisoners__ __ __ _ _ ___ 38b 39 Record. 26c Evacuation ________________ 3. 71. POW personneL _____ 45d (1).(2) 51. App. personaL _ ____ __ __ __ __ __ ____ _ ____ 21 Employment. (2) 51. 2 24 2. 59 Equipment.65 27.67 56 15.

62c 19. internment.88 Prisoners of war __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____ __ _ _ _ 6 4 POW Information Bureaus____________ 9 9 CentraL_ __ _ _ _ __ __ ___ _ _ __ _ __ ___ _ 9c. insignia_ _ _________ 7c 7 Rights_ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ __ __ _ 7c 7 Protecting powers____________________ 10 11 Protection of POW's.Para· graph P"ge Evacuation-Continued Interrogation of POW during.73 Issue of rations __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ 34h. 74 Liaison during___________________ 34g 37 Rests during_____________________ 34f 37 Responsibility ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ 33 35 Schematic Diagram. .____________________ 41-43 Fingerprint section: Fingerprinting__ __ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ____ _ 75a Special instructions _______ " _ _ _ _____ _ _ _ 75b 42 .. 3. 60 11. Enemy __ _ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9b. App.j 83 83 Geneva Conventions _________________ 5-11. 57 9. S. figure L_ 16e 20 Principles oL _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ 32 35 Procedures__________________________ 34 36 By foot__ _ _ ____ __ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ 34e 36 By vehicle __ __ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ 34c 36 By wateL_______________________ 62 72 Death during___ ___ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ 62h 74 Sanitation____ ___ _ _ _ _ _ _ ___ ___ 62d 73 Segregation ________________ 16c. 62g 37. 65 Protected personnel: Definition___ ___ ____ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ ___ 7a 6 Employment of specialist~_________ 7d 7 Identity cards. figure ~ ________________________ _ Search______________________________ 16d 20 Speci8"1 prisoners of waL _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ 34j 37 Speed_______________________________ 16b 19 Facilities. generaL _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ 8 8 Welfare organizations: ApprovaL_______________________ lIa 12 Red Cross __________________"_ _ _ _ _ lIb 12 Welfare activities___ _____________ lIe 12 108 AGO 1385C ". .71 U.

60.39 Prisoner-of-war camps_ __ __ _ ___ __ __ _ __ 43 44 Internment serial numbers ______________ 15e.Paragraph Page 1 Guard company. 71. 84. Enemy__________________ 9b. 57.88 Injured and diseased prisoners __ __ ____ __ ___ 60 71 Instructions. special. 38a 42.__ 18b Coel'cion ___________________________ _ 8f 9 Diagram. evacuation and interrogation of POW. 60 11. 76c9. POW: CentraL ____________________________ ge. military police ___________ _ 77-81 85 Identification: Of dead ____________________________ _ 58e 66 Internment serial number ____________ _ 15e 18 Service number _____________________ _ 15c 18 Tags ______________________________ _ 26e 29 Information Bureau. (1). 65.71 Function oL _ _ _ __ ___ ___ _ _ __ __ __ __ ___ 9b 9 U.) Internment______________________________ 3b 2 Internment facilities: For infantry divisions_________________ 26b 28 Prisoner-of-war cages ________________ 41. (See Special instruc ­ tions. App. Figure L _______________________________ _ GeneraL_ _ __ _ __ __ _ ___ __ __ __ __ __ _ _ ___ 15 17 Identification information __ ______ __ ___ 15c 18 Importance ______________________ c _ __ 15a 17 Phases_ ___ _ __ __ __ __ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ __ __ __ _ 17 20 Principles_ _____ __ __ _ _ __ __ __ __ _ _ __ __ _ 16 19 Skill in __ _ _ __ ____ _ _ __ __ _ _ __ __ __ _ _ ___ 16e 20 Judicial proceedings: Conditions of triaL __________________ _ Notification of protecting power _______ _ Penal and disciplinary sanctions ______ _ AGO 1385C 14a 14b 16 16 He 17 109 .51 Intellectual activities_____________________ 53 62 Interrogation: By intelligence officer ________________ _ 15b 17 By military police ___________________ _ 17 15b 22 By POW interrogation team (lPW)---. S.45d 18.

88 78 75 11 ci AGO 1385C . (See Sanitation and medical care.) Mail: Censorship _________________________ _ 51b Chaplains. Assignment_____ __ ____________ _ _ ____ _ 66 Fingerprint section _________________ 75. 51a Military police guard company: AsBignmenL____ ________ _ ___ __ _ _ ___ __ 78 Capabilities _ _ _ _ _ _ ____ _ _ ___ ___ _______ 79 78 Mission__ ______ _ ___ _____ _ ____ ___ ___ _ Operation with: Army or special corps_____________ 80 Logistical command_ ___ ___ __ __ ___ 81 77 Organization_ ________ _ _____ _ __ _____ _ Training for ___ ~ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ___ ___ _ App.Para· graph Page JUdicial proceedings-Continued Sentence: AppeaL ________________________ _ lDeath _________________________ _ 14d 14c 17 16 71 70 71 67 68 67 68 26 Labor. Types______________________________ 77 Military police processing company. 61 85 86 85 87 87 85 88 85 \. POW: Claims _____________________________ _ 60 Compensation ______________________ _ 59d Injury while engaged in ______________ _ 60 Organization for ____________________ _ 59a Restrictions_ _____ _ ___ __ __ __ _ _ __ _____ 59c Supervisors_______ ____ __ __ _ __ _ _______ 59b Treatment ____ __ ____ __ __ __ __ _ ___ __ _ 59c (3) Litter cases. treatment___ __ __ _ _ ___ _ __ ____ _ 22b Medical care. Firearms. correspondence by _________ _ 51e Limitations _________________________ _ 51a Packages___________________________ _ 52 Postal rates ________________________ _ 51c Privileges _________________________ 38g. carrying ______ ____ __ ____ ___ 70 65 Mission______________ __ ____ ___ ______ 61 62 61 62 61 40. 76 83. App.

88 76.88 84 84 84 78 88 78 78 65 65 64 12 r Pay and allowances: Advance oL _______________________ .21a. App. use __________________________ _ 69 Training ___________________________ _ App.71 Processing section __________________ 73. figure 9 ____________________ 67b. App.57 24 57 111 . Disposition of forms_ __ _ ____ _ __ __ _ 76c Function_____ __ ___ ____ ___ _ _ __ ___ 76b PersonneL _____________________ _ 76a Signs. 67 Platoon_________________________ 71 Receiving section_ ____ __ __ __ _ ____ 72 Organization_ _ _ _ _____ __ __ ____ ___ ____ 64 Photographic section _______________ 74. welfare_ __ __ __ __ ____ __ _ __ __ 55b 55a 11 53. Receiving section __________________ 72. App. Platoon. App. 76 78 79 75 81.Para­ graph Page Military police processing company-Continued Operations: Company ___________________ 45d (3). disposition_ _____ _ _ ____ 50a Payments__ ____ __ _ _ __ __ _ __ ____ _ __ ___ 50e POW account_ _____ __ __ ___ ___ __ _____ 50d Remittances____ ____ __ __ _ _ _ ____ _ _ ____ 50e Retention__ ____ _ _ ___ _ __ __ __ ___ _ __ ___ 50a Working rate of pay__________________ 50c Personal effects: Classes_ _ _ _______ _ _ __ __ _ _ ____ ____ ___ 21b Confiscation ________________________ 21b (4) Deceased enemy __ _____ _ __ __ ___ _ __ ___ 48b Disposition_______ _____ _ __ __ _________ 48a Receipting for ____________ --------.88 79.78 81. Treatment of prisoners _______________ _ 68 Utilization of POW __________________ _ 71 Mixed Medical Commissioll ______________ _ 56b Officer prisoners: Orderlies____________________________ Privileges_ _ ________ ___ _ _ __ _ _ ___ __ ___ Organizatioml. Record section _____________________ 76._ 50b Foreign money.88 84.48a Safeguarding________________________ 21a Storing_____________________________ 48a AGO 1885C 59 59 60 60 60 59 60 24 24 58 57 24.

. __ ___ _ ___ __ __ ____ 14 Processing company_____________ (.) Definition__________________________ _ 4 o Escorts ____________________________ _ 24 27 9 Information Bureaus __________ ~ _____ _ 9 Interrogation ____________________ 15-17. Processing platoon. (See Death of POW.41 39. Figure 4 _____________ _ For 1. 88 76.42 Camps. _ 23 Officer prisoner~_____ __ __ __ __ __ ___ ____ 55 Orderlies_______ ___ ___ _ _ __ __ __ _ _____ _ 55b Organization oL __ _____ __ _ __ ___ ___ ___ 45e Proceedings.40 16 70 67 71 68 67 26 26 64 64 53 16 75. 28 Correspondence card _________ . Figure 5 _____________ _ For 1.. Figure 9__________ 67b.000 enlisted men. Figure 6_____________ _ Capture _____________________________ .18-24 22 Collecting points_ _ __ __ __ _ __ __ _ __ _ 18b. Figures 6.Paragraph Page Personnel.38h Judicial proceeding~ ___ _ _ __ ___ _ ___ ____ 14 Labor: Compensation_ ___ __ __ __ __ _ ___ ___ 59d General_________________________ 59a Injury while engaged iII. 53 62 Cage. 25-30 22. judicial. __ _____ 51a 61 Death of. 8_______________ _ 43 44 Branch Tent: For 250 enlisted men. 7. Figure 3______________________ _ 38. 78 81 8 AGO 1385C . ___ __ _____ 60 Restrictions_ _____ _ _ _ __ __ __ ___ ___ 59c Supervisors_____ __ __ __ __ _ __ __ ____ 59b Litter cases______ ___ _ ___ _ ___ __ _ ______ 22b Movement to division collecting point. protected _____________________ _ 6 7 Photographic section: Camera group ______________________ _ 74c 82 Functioning ________________________ _ 74a 82 Identification board group ___________ _ 74b 82 Special instructions __________________ _ 74d 83 Physical activities _______________________ _ 62 53 Prisoner of war: Activities __________________________ _ 52.4 -70. App.800 enlisted men.71 Processing section____ ___ _ _ __ __ __ _____ 73 Protection_____ __ ___ ____ _ _ ____ __ ___ __ 8 112 17.

61a 29.8 14 39. 45. 45/ Search oL____ _____ __ ___ __ ___ ___ 18a.) Rations _________________________ 26d.16 Protection of POW____________ __ ____ __ ___ 8 8 Punishment.56b 12. 15c 30. 73 2.23. 34h. Figure 9______________ 67b. 45d Processing coropanies ______________ 64-76. 51 Office_______________________________ 3a 2 Section: Disposition of forms_ __ _____ _ ___ __ 76c 84 Function_________ ____ __ __ __ __ ___ 76b 84 PersonneL _ ____ ___ ____ _______ ___ 76a 84 Special instructions ____ _ ___ __ __ __ _ 76d 85 Red Cross_____________________________ llb. 8b Weapons.Para­ Ilraph Palle Prisoper of war-Continued Relief shipments_ _____ __ __ __ ___ __ __ __ 52 Representative ______________________ 42. 53 22.26. use of against_______________ 12e Processing _____________________________ 38. 38c Segregation_____ ___ ___ _ __ __ 16c.51 75. 39 19. 43e. 22. I. (See discipline.37 51.14b 11.78 .65 Relief shiproents____ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ ___ 52 62 Repatriation: Responsibility ____ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _ _ ___ 3 2 Sick and woundcd____________________ 56 64 AGO 1385C 113 62 43. Aup. 47b.71 Processing section: Interpreters __ ___ ___ __ ___ _ _ ___ __ __ ___ 73a 81 Questioning of prisoners_ _________ __ __ _ 73b 81 Special instructions______________ _____ 73c 81 41b Processing stations_ ____ _ __ ___ _ ____ __ __ _ __ 42 Property register__ ___ __ __ __ __ __ ____ _____ 72a (2) 80 Retained personn eL ___ __ __ __ __ __ ____ __ _ __ 7 6 Protecting powers _______________________ 10. 88 76. I Processing platoon. 19. 62c I Treatroent __________________________ 3d.71 Receiving section: Operation_ ___ _____ __ _ __ ______ __ _ ___ _ 72a 79 Special instructions___________________ 72b 80 Record _______________________________ 26/.

aff_ _ _ ___ ____ ___ __ ___ 4 2 Evacuation_____ _ ___ __ __ __ __ _ _ __ __ ___ 33 35 Guarding_ _ _ _ __ __ __ ____ _ ___ ____ _____ 26c 29 l8c Navy_______________________________ 22 Repatriation _ _ _ _ _ __ __ __ __ __ _ ___ ___ __ 3 2 Retained personneL _ __ __ __ _ _ __ _ _ __ ____ __ _ 7 6 Sanctions. disciplinary____________________ 13 14 Sanitation and medical care: Facilities required __________________ 38d. 23. 18a. 38c. repatriation____________ 56 64 Signs. 72a (2) Specialists.39. l8c. 43e 8.68 Command___________________________ 45b 58 Command and st. 62c ·19.49c 59 Search _____________________ 16a. 19. internmenL _____________ l5c.58 Injury or disease acquired while working_ 60 71 11easures __ ________________________ 49a 58 o On ship__ ___ _ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ _ 62d 73. e. 59c (3) 2.45d 18.73 Segregation: Influential prisoners__________________ l6c 19 Litter cases_____ __ ___ ___ _ ____ _ _______ 22c 26 Nonwounded and walking wounded____ 22a 26 On ship_____________________________ 62c 73 Women ___________________________ 8c.45 Serial numbers. processing______________________ 41 114 83 82 81 \ 80 85 27.80 7 2 42 AGO 1385C .22. use _______ 69 78 ~_______________________ Special instructions: Fingerprint section_ ___ __ _ ___ __ __ __ ___ 75b Photographic section_________________ 74d Processing section___ ___ __ __ ___ _____ __ 73c Receiving section_ _ _ _ _ _______________ 72b Record section_______________________ 76d Special register ______________________ 24.49b 39.51 Sick and wounded.Para­ (lTaph Page Responsibility: Air Force _________________ ~_ ______ __ l8c 22 Army________________________ 3. employment___________________ 711 Staff responsibility _ _ ____ ____ __ ____ _ __ ____ 4 Stations. Responsibility _ _ ____ __ _ __ _ __ __ __ _____ .22.

use___ ___ __ __ ____ _ _______ __ ____ 12e 14 Welfare orga. 88 Purpose____________________________ _ App. 5.nizations_____________________ 11 12 Women ______________________________ 8e. identification__ ____ __ __ __ __ ____ _ ____ 26e 29 Tent camp. 8 Weapons. 88 Tra. 88 Technical training objectiyes _________ _ App. 8b 2. 6______________________ _ Training: AdditionaL ________________________ _ App. 88 General ____________________________ _ App.nsfer of POW _______________________ _ 61 71 Treatment of POW_________ . branch. 43d 8. 88 Standards to be obtained _____________ _ App. Figures 4. e. 88 Minimum training schedule __________ _ App.45 Supplies and equipment: Canteens___________________________ _ Clothing ___________________________ _ Miscellaneous _______________________ _ Rations ____________________________ _ 47d 47a 47e 47b o 1 AGO 1385C 115 . 88 Allotment of training time ___________ _ App.Para­ graph Page 57 56 57 57 Tags. ____________ _ 3d. 88 Considerations______________________ _ App.

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