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PROBLEMA VIGA CIRCULAR

Se tiene una viga circular de dimetro = 30 , cuya disposicin de aceros se muestra en la


siguiente figura. Calcular la resistencia a la flexin, sabiendo que se tienen los datos siguientes:

= 2 3/4 y 3 7/8 , = 210 /2 , = 4200 /2

= 30 , = 6.73 , 1 = 18.86 , 2 = 25

SOLUCION

3/4" = 2.85 2

7/8" = 3.88 2


cos =

= cos1 (
)

AREA DE ZONA DE COMPRESION:

2
= ( ) ( sin )
2 2
2
= 2 (1 ) sin
2 2


= [ ( ) sin ] 2
2 2

= [ sin cos ] 2
2 2 2
sin 2
= [ ]
2 2
2
= [ sin ]
2
CALCULO DE DEFORMACIONES

6.73 6.73 6.73


= = (1 ) = 0.003 (1 )

1 18.86 18.86 18.86


= = ( 1) = 0.003 ( 1)

1 25 25 25
= = ( 1) = 0.003 ( 1)

4200
= = = 0.0021
2 106

PRIMER TANTEO

Para = 14 = 0.85 = 11.9

Calculando area de compresion

15 11.09
= cos1 ( ) = 1.31 = 74.89
15

152
= [1.31 sin 74.89] = 38.76 2
2
6.73
= 0.003 (1 ) = 0.00156 < = 0.0021
14
18.86
1 = 0.003 ( 1) = 0.00104 < = 0.0021
14
25
2 = 0.003 ( 1) = 0.00236 > = 0.0021
14

Calculo de esfuerzos:

= = 0.00156 2 106 = 3120 /2

1 = 1 = 0.00104 2 106 = 2080 /2

2 = = 4200 /2

Fuerzas:

= = 2 2.85 3120 = 17784

1 = 38.76 0.85 210 = 6919

1 = 1 = 2 3.88 1800 = 13968


2 = 2 = 3.88 4200 = 19296

= + 1 = 24703

= 1 + 2 = 33264

= = 33264 24703 = 8561

SEGUNDO TANTEO

Para = 15 = 0.85 = 12.75

Calculando

15 12.75
= cos1 ( ) = 1.42 = 81.37
15

152
= [1.42 sin 81.37] = 48.52 2
2
6.73
= 0.003 (1 ) = 0.00165 > = 0.0021
15
18.86
1 = 0.003 ( 1) = 0.00077 < = 0.0021
15
25
2 = 0.003 ( 1) = 0.00200 < = 0.0021
15

Calculo de esfuerzos:

= = 0.00165 2 106 = 3300 /2

1 = 1 = 0.00077 2 106 = 1540/2

2 = 2 = 0.00200 2 106 = 4000 /2

Fuerzas:

= = 2 2.85 3300 = 18810

1 = 48.52 0.85 210 = 8661

1 = 1 1 = 2 3.88 1540 = 11950

2 = 2 2 = 3.88 4000 = 15520

= + 1 = 27471

= 1 + 2 = 27470

= = 27470 27471 = 1
Se tiene un resultado casi exacto = = 1 0 , por lo tanto, proseguiremos con el
calculo de resistencia.

RESISTENCIA DE LA SECCION

= 18810

1 = 8661

= 27470

= 18810 (2 ) = 18810 (25 6.73) = 18810 18.27 = 343659



1 = 8661 (2 ) = 8661 (25 6.38) = 8661 18.62 = 161268
2

= 504927

= = 0.9 5.05 = 4.55

El momento que resise la viga es .