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Answer Key

Section 4.1 chemical energy instead


Study Guide
of light energy to
make energy-storing
1. adenosine triphosphate
carbon-based molecules
(ATP)
2. a molecule that transfers 8. ATP has three phosphate
energy from the breakdown groups; ADP has two
of food molecules to cell phosphate groups.
processes 9. Together, they mean to put
3. ATP is a high-energy together with chemicals. In
molecule that is converted chemosynthesis, chemical
into lower-energy ADP energy is used to produce
when a phosphate group carbon-based molecules
is removed and energy is that store energy.
released. ADP is converted
back into ATP by the
addition of a phosphate
group.

Cycle Diagram:
High-energy adenosine
triphosphate (ATP);
Phosphate removed, energy
released; Lower-energy
Copyright by McDougal Littell, a division of Houghton Mifflin Company

adenosine diphosphate
(ADP); Energy added from
breakdown of carbon-based
molecules, phosphate
added.

4. molecules most commonly


broken down; glucose
yields about 36 ATP; 4
calories per mg (4 Calories
per gram)
5. store most of the energy in a
persons body; triglyceride
yields about 146 ATP; 9
calories per mg (9 Calories
per gram)
6. least likely to be broken
down; store about the
same amount of energy as
carbohydrates; 4 calories
per mg (4 Calories per g)

7. a process by which
some organisms use

Answer Key 1