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B GIAO THNG V N T I B GIO D O

I H C HNG H I VI T NAM

NGUY N TH TNG

THI T K M NG VI N THNG 4G
T I H I PHNG

LU K THU NT

H I PHNG - 2016
B GIAO THNG V N T I B GIO D O
I H C HNG H I VI T NAM

NGUY N TH TNG

THI T K M NG VI N THNG 4G
T I H I PHNG

LU THU NT

NGNH: N NT ; M S : 6052023
CHUYN NGNH: K THU NT

ng d n khoa h c: PGS, TS.Tr n Xun Vi t

H I PHNG 2016
c s ny l c a ring ti. Cc l thuy
t qu m ph ng trong lu c s d ng cho
b t c m t lu
ng lu n g c c a t t c cc trch d n.
H i Phng, ngy ...... thng

H c vin : Nguy n Th Tng


L
c h t ti xin g i l i c i t t c cc th y c gio trong ngnh K
thu n t c bi t l s ch b ng d n nhi t tnh c a th y gio
PGS.TS.Tr n Xun Vi t, th , tr c ti p ch b ng d n em
trong su t qu trnh lm lu t t nghi p ny, cng v i s tch c c c a
ng nghi p, anh ch n ny.
Sau cng xin g i l i c ng vin,
trong qu trnh h c t p, nghin c u v hon thnh lu n
t t nghi p cao h c .
Trn tr ng c
Ch vi t t t Gi i thch
3GPP The 3rd Generation Partnership Project
CP Cyclic Prefix
EDGE Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution
eNodeB Evolved NodeB
EPC Evolved Packet Core
E-UTRAN Evolved Universal Terrestrial Access Network
GSM Global System for Mobile Communications
HSPA High Speed Packet Access
HSS Home Subscription Server
LTE Long Term Evolution
OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
PAR Peak-to-Average
PCRF Policy and Charging Resource Function
P-GW Packet Data Network Gateway
RE Resource Element
SCDMA Time Division-Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access
S-GW Serving Gateway
TDMA Time division multiple access
UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunications System
WCDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
ACP Automatic Cell Planning
DTM Digital Terrain Map
MHTS M hnh truy n sng
SPM Standard Propagation Model
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
EPC Ericsson Policy Control
FDD Frequency Division Duplex
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
GPRS General Packet Radio Service
MIMO Multiple Input Multiple Output
MME Mobility Management Entity
OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
OFDMA Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access
Ch vi t t t Gi i thch
QoS Quality of Service
RNC Radio Network Controller
SAE System Architecture Evolution
SC-FDMA Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
TDD Time Division Duplex
UE User Equipment
UTRAN UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network
Trang
1.1 8

1.2 Cc 15

1.3 16

1.4 19

3.1 41

3.2 46

3.3 61
HNH

S hnh Tn hnh Trang


1.1 Qu trnh thnh 4G LTE. 2
1.2 Topology c a m ng 4G. 5
1.3 So snh 2 Topology c a m ng 3G v 4G. 5
1.4 k tn n c a m ng 4G LTE. 6
1.5 p 8
1.6 K thu p OFDMA 9
1.7 Ghp knh phn chia theo t n s tr c giao OFDM 10
1.8 So snh 2 k thu t OFDM v SC-FDMA 12
1.9 Hi u ng. 13
1.10 So snh gi a c v khng dng Cyclic Prefix 14
1.11 H th ng anten MIMO 15
1.12 ho ng c a MIMO 16
1.13 LTE FDD Type i gc nhn c u trc khung v t l. 17
1.14 c c p pht cho UE. 18
1.15 C u trc khung d li u c a LTE TDD 19
1.16 Throughput trung bnh c a cell 19
1.17 ng c a t n s n bn knh cell 20
1.18 ng throughput trung bnh c n bn knh cell. 20
2.1 Ph n m m Atoll 23
2.2 T o Project m i 27
2.3 L a ch n cng ngh m ng c n thi t k . 28
2.4 L a ch n h t . 28
2.5 L a ch n h t v i Vi t Nam. 29
2.6 Ch n h t ki u decimal Lon/Lat. 29
2.7 Cch t o h t m i. 30
2.8 Hnh nh b a hnh. 30
2.9 Hnh nh b Clutter Classes. 31
2.10 Hnh nh b DHM. 31
2.11 Hnh nh b dn s . 32
2.12 Thi t l p m truy n sng b ng tay. 32
2.13 M truy n sng m nh. 33
2.14 Cch Import m truy n sng. 33
2.15 Cch t o m i 1 lo i anten. 34
2.16 Cch t o tham s cho anten. 35
2.17 D li u v pattern c a anten. 35
S hnh Tn hnh Trang
2.18 Vng ph c a t ng cell c a 5 tr m t o. 37
2.19 M c thu t ng cell c a 5 tr m t o. 38
2.20 M c thu t ng cell c a 5 tr m t o. 39
3.1 44
3.2 Thi t l p thng s tr m 1800 General. 44
3.3 Thi t l p thng s tr m 1800 Transmitter. 45
3.4 Thi t l p thng s tr m 1800 LTE. 45
3.5 c thi t l p m c clutter. 46
3.6 Thi t l p Layer. 48
3.7 Thi t l p zone. 49
3.8 Thi t l p cost control. 49
3.9 Thi t l p Objectives. 50
3.10 Thi t l p Parameters. 51
3.11 Thi t l p Reconfiguration. 52
3.12 Thng tin bn knh cell tr m m u. 52
3.13 Bn knh ph c a cc cell thu c Site_1588. 53
3.14 B cc th ph H i Phng. 54
3.15 B s n i thnh H i Phng. 54
3.16 K t qu so v i target sau t n 1. 55
3.17 Vng ph theo ch s RSRP sau t n 1 t i n i thnh. 55
3.18 Vng ph theo ch s RS CINR -3 sau t n 1 t i n i thnh. 56
Vng ph theo ch s LTE 1st-Nth Difference sau t n1t i
3.19 56
n i thnh.
3.20 K t qu so v i target sau t n 2. 57
3.21 Vng ph theo ch s RSRP sau t n 2 t i n i thnh. 57
3.22 Vng ph theo ch s RS CINR -3 sau t n 2 t i n i thnh. 58
Vng ph theo ch s LTE 1st-Nth Difference sau t n2t i
3.23 58
n i thnh.
3.24 K t qu so v i target sau t n 3. 59
3.25 Vng ph theo ch s RSRP sau t n 3 t i n i thnh. 59
3.26 Vng ph theo ch s RS CINR -3 sau t n 3 t i n i thnh. 60
Vng ph theo ch s LTE 1st-Nth Difference sau t n3t i
3.27 60
n i thnh.
M CL C
....................................................................................................... i
........................................................................................................... ii
.............................................. iii
........................................................................................ v
........................................................................................ vi
................................................................................................................... 1
QUAN 4G LTE.............................................................. 2
1.1. Qu trnh hnh thnh 4G LTE. ............................................................................ 2
1.1.1. Qu trnh di .................................................... 2
1.1.2. K 4G LTE. ................................................................................ 3
1.2. Cc 4G LTE. .................................................................. 4
1.2.1. trc 4G LTE. .................................................................................. 4
truy Downlink OFDMA. ......................................... 8
truy ln SC-FDMA (Single Carrier FDMA). ........ 11
Cyclic Prefix ................................... 12
MIMO (Multiple Input- Multiple Output) . .............................. 14
1.2.6. trc khung LTE. .................................................................. 17
1.2.7. Cc cell 4G LTE. ..................... 19
............................................................................................................. 21
............... 22
........................................ 22
. .............................................. 22
TEM Cell Planner. ..................................................... 22
.......................................................... 23
...................... 25
G m: B s n sng. .... 26
2.2.2. ........................................................... 27
2.2.3. ......................................................... 35

.................................................. 40
3.1. Y ................... 40
................ 40
.............................................................................. 40
.......................................... 46
.................... 52
................................................ 53
........................................................ 53
................................................................. 53
................... 54
.................................................................... 54
.................................................................... 57
.................................................................... 59
........................................................................................................... 66
............................................................................................................ 67
.................................................................................... 68
Ngnh cng thng pht
trong Khi m cng thng tin di
ba 3G c gian mnh trn ton
ta ni cng 4G (Fourth Generation)

?
hi v ti Thi t k m ng vi n
thng 4G t i H i Phng Sau m t th i gian tm hi u v cng v i s ng d n
c a cc th y gio trong ngnh v th y gio PGS.TS. Tr n Xun Vi t tr c ti p
ng d lu ny v i n i dung g m 3
1: T ng quan v 4G LTE.
: Thi t k m ng 4G b ng ph n m m Atoll.
: Thi t k cc v tr tr m 4G t i cc Th ph a bn Thnh
ph H i Phng.
Em xin by t lng c i cc th em c th hon
n t t nghi p ny.
H i Phng, ngy

H c vin: Nguy n Th Tng


QUAN 4G LTE
1.1. Qu trnh hnh thnh 4G LTE.
- 4G LTE pht 3GPP, 3G WCDMA Rel99 Rel5
Rel6 Rel7 4G LTE Rel8, 9 v 10.
- LTE k c v
so 3G trong khi tn v linh trong
pht ti nguyn v
1.1.1. Qu trnh di .
- LTE (Long Term Evolution) l cng di
2009, pht cng di ba UMTS.

Hnh 1.1. Qu trnh hnh thnh 4G LTE.


- ra LTE, 2 song song 3GPP v
3GPP2 cng tiu IMT-2000 dnh cho 3G. 3GPP2 trung
vo pht cdmaOne, cdma 2000 v EV-DO trong khi 3GPP
trung vo GSM, WCDMA v HSPA. 2 cng pht
cng di 4, tuy nhin c LTE 3GPP l
theo cho cng di 4G v do LTE c
thch UMTS v 2G GSM cao 2000 v cdmaOne.
- 4G LTE Rel8, Rel9 v Rel10 v HSPA+ Rel8 v Rel9 l 2 nhnh pht
song song 3GPP.
1.1.2. K 4G LTE.
- trn 100 Mbps DL v trn 50 Mbps UL cho LTE
Rel8. bin cell cao 2, 3 Rel6.
- v
bo
- cao.
- Cho php pht ti nguyn v cch linh

Theo di qu trnh 3G WCDMA, 4G LTE Rel8 ra

- LTE Rel8 k 100 Mbps DL


v 50 Mbps UL data l thng knh 10 MHz. l
khi xt 3G
WCDMA Rel99 l 384 kbps (DL&UL) cho HSPA+ Rel7 42 Mbps
DL v 11.5 Mbps UL. d LTE Rel8 coi l 4G
1Gbps ITU cng di
m LTE Advance
- LTE Rel8 10 bps/Hz
10 MHz v 100 Mbps. r rng l
3G WCDMA 4.2 bps/Hz 42Mbps peak trn
Rel7.
- LTE Rel8 bo v
100 ms cho bo thi UE Idle mode sang
connected mode v 5ms cho v UE khi xt 1 gi
trong khng Khi so snh 3G WCDMA,
trung bnh 1s cho bo UE Idle mode sang connected
mode v 50ms cho small packet trong
khng
- LTE mang linh cho nh trong 700
Mhz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2100 MHz 2600 MHz .. thng knh
1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15 20 MHz. LTE 2 TDD (Time
Division Duplex) v FDD (Frequency Divion Duplex), cho php
tch thng knh cho 2 uplink v downlink
(FDD) cng thng knh tch
gian (TDD). truy LTE mang
linh trong pht ti nguyn cho
1.2. Cc 4G LTE.
- trc tinh tch ring bo
- p cng truy OFDMA downlink v SC-
FDMA uplink.
- p cng anten MIMO.
- p Cyclic Prefix.
- trc cho php pht ti nguyn v linh
1.2.1. trc 4G LTE.
- 2 thnh chnh: Thnh v E-UTRAN (Evolved
Universal Terrestrial Access Network) v Packet Core EPC (Evolved
Packet Core).
-
- Tch ring (control plane) v (user plane).
1.2.1.1. Topology.
- 4G EPS (Evolved Packet
System). EPS bao 2 thnh Thnh v E-UTRAN (Evolved
Universal Terrestrial Access Network) v thnh Packet Core EPC
(Evolved Packet Core). d LTE dng
4G ni chung, LTE dng pht ln 4G 3G
UMTS dnh cho thnh v v SAE dng
pht 3G Core.

Khi so snh trc 3G


- LTE c trc node RNC,
RNC NodeB vo node eNodeB

Hnh 1.3. So 3G v 4G.


- trc Packet Core 4G c thay tch ring
bo v trc Packet Core bao 2 thnh l
MME l bo (Control Plane) E-
UTRAN v EPC v P/S-GW l (User Plane).
MME l phin nng SGSN v P-S/GW l
phin GGSN 3G.
- trc 4G 1 thnh node RNC
trong khi bo UE l ring MME,
(latency) trn bo 3G.
1.2.1.2. Flow cc chnh 4G

.
- bo (control plane) UE eNodeB E-UTRAN
v l MME cho cc xc thu bao
MME HSS), charge (MME S-GW v PCRF), cc
mobility, S/P-GW).
- (user plane) UE eNodeB E-UTRAN v
SAE GW (S/P-GW) ngoi.
cc thnh chnh trn 4G LTE:
- eNodeB (Evolved NodeB) l duy
l v UE v EPC. EnodeB l
cc giao v pha UE v cc
v v cc IP pha EPC. eNodeB
c:
+ qu trnh (bo v data) UE theo giao
v v
+ l, pht ti nguyn cho UE.
+ l tnh di (mobility) UE, giao lin eNodeB
MME v S-GW cho UE trong qu trnh di
- MME (Mobility Management Entity) l EPC
trch cho bo (control plane) thnh v E-
UTRAN v thnh li EPC. MME c:
+ xc v .
+ l qu trnh UE detach/attach ra vo
+ UE, S-GW v P- .
+ Theo UE l
+ l EPS bearer.
- S-GW (Serving Gateway) l node thc giao E-
UTRAN (user plane) v data EPC.
Cc chnh S- GW c:
+ v cc gi
+ trong qu trnh UE di lin e-NodeB v 4G sang 3G.
+ Charge cc thu bao roaming.
- P-GW (Packet Data Network Gateway) l node bin
EPC, giao bn ngoi. P-GW c:
+ pht IP cho UE.
+ l cc chnh sch QoS.
+ l charging.
+ gi tin Packet filtering.
- PCRF (Policy and Charging Resource Function) l node
trch v thi cc chnh charge thu bao.
- HSS (Home Subscription Server) l node ton thng
tin profile thu bao, bao k
giao chnh 4G quy sau:

Giao
X2 cc eNodeB
S1 v EPC
S5/S8 -GW v P-GW
S11 MME v S-GW

1.2.2. truy Downlink OFDMA.


- OFDMA TDMA (2G) v CDMA
(3G) l cc ny.
- OFDMA trn php ghp knh phn chia theo giao
OFDM, trong cho php chia thnh cc sng mang
con c 15 kHz v giao nhau.
- OFDMA c cao c cng
PAR (Peak-to-Average), p cho uplink.
Theo di qu trnh cng truy 1G, 2G,
4G:
- pht 1G FDMA: sng mang, user
1 trong cho php v php
trong ton gian
- Pht FDMA, 2G TDMA: sng
FDMA, thay v mnh
user 1 time slot xc v cc user
cng thay nhau trong gian timeslot
- 3G CDMA: khng cn c phn chia v gian
cho user. Thay vo cc user cng trong gian,
cng sng mang v m giao.
- V 4G, 3GPP truy phn chia theo
gian v cng truy phn chia giao
OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access). OFDMA l
truy trn php ghp knh phn chia theo giao
OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing), trong cho php
chia thnh cc sng mang con (sub-carrier) c 15
kHz v giao nhau.

Hnh 1.6. K thu t truy nh p OFDMA


php ghp knh phn chia theo giao OFDM l
php sng mang (multi-carrier
modulation), trong 1 transmitter phn tch thnh
song song, vo
ln 1 sng mang con (sub-carrier) v cng ghp ra
transmitter. Cc cng truy FDMA, TDMA v CDMA
php sng mang, transmitter
ln 1 sng mang duy
Khi so snh cc sng mang khc,
OFDM l cc sng mang con (sub-carrier) c ln nhau
v c tnh giao nhau. Tnh giao cc sng mang con
1 trn 1 sng mang con
cc sng mang con khc tnh
giao, sng mang con khng gy nhau.

Hnh 1.7. Ghp knh phn chia theo t n s tr c giao OFDM


cc OFDMA c v
-
+ OFDMA cho php
trn sng mang con cao mang
CDMA 3G.
+ Thm vo khi yu ln,
gian cho 1 k (symbol interval)
no cao symbol c
gian php sng mang
3G CDMA c symbol interval so
(propagation delay) th xuyn k ISI trnh
symbol
interval trn sng mang con, OFDMA qua ny
3G CDMA khi ISI
+ cc sng mang con lin ln nhau,
m gy
nhau.
-
+ LTE c cc sng mang con lun giao,
Doppler khi dng di cao. OFDM
tnh cc sng mang con khng
+ OFDM c cng peak/average (PAR) cao. cch nhin,
khi p sng mang, sng mang con c
chnh cng cc sng mang con.
chnh cng power amplifier transmitter b
cng cc sng mang con so sng mang con c cng
peak. d khng l downlink
eNodeB UE, uplink UE cng dnh cho b
ny, gi thnh v pin lm
cng pht. l l do OFDM khng p cho
php khc ny.
1.2.3. truy ln SC-FDMA (Single Carrier FDMA).
- SC-FDMA l OFDMA,
PAR cao OFDMA.
- OFDMA PAR cao trnh by trn,
c php sng mang cc
OFDMA. V SC-FDMA l truy
ln cho LTE SC-FDMA l
OFDMA trong SC- FDMA nguyn l OFDMA v mn
mang. SC-FMDA khng 1 k (symbol)
ln 1 sng mang con sub-carrier OFDMA m tch cc bit 1 symbol
v ghp ln 1 sng mang con sub-carrier thnh 1 carrier duy
- v hnh bn OFDM, 4 symbol
trn 4 sub-carrier, sub-carrier 15kHz trong khi SC-
FDMA, 4 symbol trn 1 carrier c 60 kHz.
ny, uplink sung thm thnh DFT
precoding tch bit 1 symbol v mapping ln cc
sng mang con khi
trn 1 carrier tn cng.

Hnh 1.8. SC-FDMA


cc SC-FDMA c
- cng peak/average (PAR)
cao OFDMA m cc
- cho v
eNodeB.
1.2.4. Cyclic Prefix
- Cyclic Prefix (CP) l thnh bit symbol
ISI sinh ra
- CP l trade-off v

- (multipath) l trong
di ny l qu trnh va cc
trong mi thu tn
khc nhau, xuyn k (ISI).
khng ra ging
tn

- 3G WCDMA cch thu


RAKE ton cho cc tn tn

- Tuy nhin, khi yu ngy cng cao 4G


th khi thu RAKE thu
qu cao, lm chi ph v pin Do
php khc (Cyclic Prefix) p cho 4G ny.
- Cyclic Prefix l php 1 bit
1 symbol, copy ln
ny l Cyclic Prefix.
Khng dng Cyclic Prefix

Cyclic Prefix
- khng Cyclic Prefix, thnh tn
symbol N, do gy cho symbol N+1 v lm
tnh giao OFDM. symbol c gian symbol interval = Tn.
- symbol sau khi thm ny c gian di Tn+
Tcp. thu, qu trnh symbol quy 1
Cyclic Prefix, tn symbol N
khng gy cho symbol N+1.
- ny, di Cyclic Prefix di
cc l khi
bao thnh do Tuy nhin, di ny
khng 1 con qu do tnh chn thm 1
bit vo symbol lm
Cyclic Prefix thng ko di 4.7 micro second,
1.4 Km.
1.2.5. MIMO (Multiple Input- Multiple Output) .
- MIMO l cng anten thu pht v
eNodeB.
- p MIMO c
v dung vng bin cell v
c fading
1.2.5.1. Khi .
- MIMO l cng anten 1998 p trong
thng tin v trong trn anten thu
pht c phn sau tn

- MIMO chia thnh MIMO Downlink v MIMO


Uplink. 1 MIMO c hnh X x Y Downlink yu X TRX
eNodeB v Y TRX UE v MIMO X x Y Uplink c X TRX UE v Y
TRX eNodeB. Tuy nhin do
UE trn 1 Tx, MIMO 2x2 4x4 Downlink
(hay l MIMO 2Rx 4Rx) c 1Tx/2Rx UE.
hnh MIMO p

NodeB UE
hnh MIMO
Tx Rx Tx Rx
2Rx (MIMO 2x2
2 2 1 2
Downlink)
4Rx (MIMO 4x4
4 4 1 4
Downlink)
Ghi ch: Rx UE vo dng UE Cat
2 Cat 4 2 Cat 5 c 4 Rx.
1.2.5.2. .
MIMO c 3 l beam-forming , spatial diversity v
spatial multiplexing v phn (gain) khc nhau.
p no cho UE
- trn v do UE v bo
co ln eNodeB, (scheduler) eNodeB ra
thch UE.
-
.

Array Gain
Beam-
vo 1 nhnh anten (Tx)
forming
cell
downlink pht

trn cc nhnh anten


Diveristy Gain
Spatial
Diversity
fading
uplink

Multiplexing Gain
Spatial
Multiple
xing
nhnh (Tx) anten pht
thu/pht

Hnh
- MIMO LTE
+ vng bin cell (cell edge) khi
beamforming MIMO.
+ fading Spatial Diveristy,
anten thu pht
+ v
multiplexing MIMO
- MIMO l anten
eNodeB v dng.
1.2.6. trc khung LTE.
trc khung LTE c 2 khc nhau, vo
l FDD hay TDD.
1.2.6.1. trc khung LTE FDD Type 1.
- gc nhn trc khung FDD, 1 khung
(radio frame) c di 10 ms, chia lm 10 sub-frame c di -frame
1ms. Trong sub-frame bao 2 time slot c di 0.5 ms.

Hnh 1.13. LTE FDD Type 1 d .


+ Trong trc 1 cc OFDM
symbol trn cc sng mang con sub-carrier. Trong knh
10 MHz l1 (array) 600 sub-carrier trong
sub-carrier 7 OFDM symbol.
- gc nhn ti nguyn pht cho UE, 1 Resource Block (RB) l
nguyn pht cho 1 user. RB c
12 sng mang con sub- carrier. Trong 1 RB phn chia
Resource symbol trn 1 sub-
carrier. Qua nguyn cho user theo gian v
cch

Hnh 1.14. LTE FDD Type 1 d ti nguyn c c p pht cho UE.


1.2.6.2. trc khung LTE TDD Type 2.
- trc khung LTE TDD LTE FDD. Tuy nhin,
TDD khi trn 1
v phn gian, trc khung
tch :
LTE FDD, radio frame trn knh c
radio frame, frame
tch thnh 2 half-frame c di half-frame thnh
5 sub-frame, -frame di 0.1 ms. trc sub-frame hon
FDD.
Hnh 1.15. C u trc khung d li u c a LTE TDD
khc trc half- frame TDD l half-frame,
sub-frame 0 v 5 lun dnh cho downlink. S sub-frame 1 v 6 l guard band
downlink v uplink.
1.2.7. Cc cell 4G LTE.
1.2.7.1. peak trn l .
peak trn l

10 2Rx 77 Mbps DL/24 Mbps UL


MHz 4 Rx 150 Mbps DL/24 Mbps UL
15 2Rx 116 Mbps DL/36 Mbps UL
MHz 64 QAM
4 Rx 230 Mbps DL/36 Mbps UL
20 2Rx 155 Mbps DL/49 Mbps UL
MHz 4 Rx 300 Mbps DL/49 Mbps UL

1.2.7.2. Throughput trung bnh cell (Average Cell Throughput).

Hnh 1.16. Throughput trung bnh cell


- Throughput trung cell
throughput 1 Mbps cho cho 20 MHz khi xt
cng cch - (ISD) 500m.
- Throughput trung cell cch -
11Mbps cho 500m - cn 3 Mbps
cch - khi xt 15 MHz.
1.2.7.3. Bn knh cell (Cell range).
- Bn knh cell tnh ton suy hao trn v

- Xt cng bn knh cell


LTE 900 MHz khai
thnh lng qu.

Hnh 1.17. n knh cell

Hnh 1.18 throughput trung bnh c a cell .


- Bn knh cell throughput trung bnh cell. Cc cell c
bn knh cng c throughput trung ng v

1.3. .
- php ghp knh phn chia theo giao OFDM
cao 64 QAM v cng MIMO, 4G LTE Rel8
so
- trc tinh phn tch control plane/user plane
trc khung 10ms, LTE 4G
cho bo v
- OFDM v MIMO, LTE 4G
ln
- V khc cng 4G LTE 3G WCDMA
linh trong khai linh trong
pht ti nguyn v cho dng.
2.1. Gi i thi u cc ph n m m thi t k m ng vi n thng.
Hi n nay, trn th gi i c ph n m m thi t k m ng vi n thng n i ti ng v
c s d ng ch y Aircom Enterprise, Atoll from Forsk, TEM Cell
i ph n m u c
m khc nhau, ty theo vo nhu c u thi t k .
2.1.1. Gi i thi u ph n m m .
-

- Enterprise

LTE/4G

.
2.1.2. Gi i thi u ph n m m TEM Cell Planner.
- TEMS- cng c quy ho ch v t ng vi n thng. TEMS gip cc
nh khai thc m ng quy ho ng v m r ng m i. 20 nh khai
thc m ng c a nh ng m ng l n nh t th gi i hi n nay
d ng thi t b TEMS.
- TEMS CellPlanner l m t cng c h ad s d d
tnh v m ph ng ho ng c a m i. N gip nh khai thc thi t k , tri n
khai v t ng. T vi c tnh ton m n quy
ho ch chuy n m ch gi, TEMS CellPlanner c kh c hi n b t k nhi m v
quy ho ch m i tin ti ng lm
vi c th i gian th c cho nhi i trong cng nhm, v i l a ch t i v ch y
d li u trn my tnh xch tay t i ch ng xuyn
c c p nh c th th c hi n vi c quy ho ch m ng cho t t c cc chu n cng
ngh , th cc ch v m i.
2.1.3. Gi i thi u ph n m m Atoll c a Forsk.
-

- -

-
-
(GSM/UMTS/LTE,
CDMA2000/LTE)
-
GSM/GPRS/EDGE, UMTS/HSPA, LTE, CDMA2000 1xRTT/EV-DO, TD-
SCDMA, WiMAX, Wi-

-K :

IT.
-
c nhau.

-
32 bit v
Module cng

l:
-
+

- Wi-Fi:
+ Module Atoll WiMax/BWA -Fi.
+
802.11g, 802.11n, 802.11ac
+ -
knh khc nhau.
+ Atoll v 802.11ac.
2.2.
-
- c 2: Thi t l p cc d li u vo chung, tham s m ng, cc thnh
ph n m ng: Site, transmitter, cell, Hi u ch nh cc tham s
- c 3: Th c hi n cc m ph n (Best server, signal level)
-
- Automatic Cell Planning (ACP)
- v
2.2.1. . G m: B s n sng.
2.2.1.1. .
-B s u vo ch a thng tin v , phn lo i vng cc
a hnh s d cao v nh c a. C 2 lo i b
chnh s d ng trong vi c m ph ng l b s 2D v 3D. Cc l p trong b
bao g m:
+ Digital Terrain Map (DTM): L l p d li cao
c cao so v i m c bi li u khng th thi u
trong hi u ch nh m hnh truy n sng (MHTS).
+ Clutter Classes: L l p d li a l ph b m t c a l p DTM, mang
thng tin cc lo a hnh s d ng (Land use). D li u Clutter ph c s d ng
trong m ph ng.
+ Clutter Heights: L l p d li a l mang thng tin v chi u cao c a l p
Clutter, l p d li cs d chnh xc c a m hnh
truy n sng( ch c trong b 3D).
+B dn s : L l p d li u bi u th m dn s .
2.2.1.2. .
- u vo th 2 quan tr ng trong Atoll l m hnh truy n sng. M hnh
truy ng vng, t ng khu v c, t
ng truy n sng.
- ng truy c tnh b i cng th c:
LTxi
pat h = Lmodel + Lant Tx (2.1)

+ LTxi
pat h ng truy n sng.
+ Lmodel ng t my pht t c tnh theo m
hnh truy n sng.
+ Lant Tx : Suy hao c a anten pht.
M hnh truy n hnh (Standard Propagation Model vi t t t SPM),
c pht tri n t m hnh truy n sng Okumura ng s d ng trong h u
h t cc ph n m m thi t k v t ng. Cng th
SPM K1 K 2 Log (d ) K3 Log ( Heff ) K 4 Diffn K 5 Log (Heff ) Log (d ) K 6 ( Hms )
(2.2)
K7 Log ( Hms ) Kc *OffsetClutter

m hnh truy n sng trn, cc tham s


+ K1: H ng s thu c vo t n s .
+ K2: H s suy hao theo t n s v kho n sng
trong khng gian.
+ K3: H s chi u cao c a anten BTS, h s c cho th y suy hao thay
no khi anten BTS cao khc nhau.
+K4: H s ux c ng, H s ny nhn v i suy
hao nhi u x theo kho ng cch.
+ K5: H s bi u di n suy hao truy cao Anten pht v i thang
log c a kho ng cch.
+ K6; K7: Bi u di n suy hao truy cao c ng
u ch nh h s ny v i chi u cao MS=1.5m.
2.2.2. .
2.2.2.1. - .
-

Hnh 2.2. T o Project m i.


- Kh ng ph n m m Atoll b ng cch Double-click vo bi ng Atoll.
- T o Project m i b ng cch ch n File New From a Document
Template (ho c dng phm t t Ctrl+N).
b. c 1.2 - Ch n cng ngh .
- M ph ng 2G (GSM): Ch n GSM GPRS EDGE.
- M ph ng 3G (UMTS): Ch n UMTS HSPA.
- M ph ng 4G (LTE): Ch n LTE.
c s c d

Hnh 2.3. L a ch n cng ngh m ng c n thi t k .


2.2.2.2. c 2 - Thi t l ng lm vi c m i.
a. c 2.1 - Ch n h t .
- c 2.1.1. Ch n h t WGS84 v Zone 48N:
T Menu chnh, ch n Document

Hnh 2.4. L a ch n h t .
Hnh 2.5. L a ch n h t v i Vi t Nam.
V i Vi t Nam: Ch n h t WGS84/UTM Zones v ch n WGS
84/UTM Zone 48N.
- c 2.1.2. Ch lm vi c v i cc t ki u decimal
Lon/Lat):
+ Ch u tin (WGS 84 Lon/Lat).

Hnh 2.6. Ch n h t ki u decimal Lon/Lat.


+ Ho c t o h t m ib v t tn h t v
ch n Type l Long./Lat.
Hnh 2.7. Cch t o h t m i.
b. c 2.2 - Import b s .
- T i thi u c n import 2 lo i b : B a hnh (DTM) v b
clutter (Clutter Class).
- c 2.2.1. Import b a hnh:
Trn thanh menu, ch n File Import c ch a d li u
b s DTM ch n file index.txt ho c nh d ng *.grd. Ch n
Altitudes sau khi c h p tho i xu t hi .
N a hnh s hi au:

Hnh 2.8. Hnh nh b a hnh.


- c 2.2.2. Import b Clutter Classes:
Trn thanh menu, ch n File Import c ch a d li u
b s Clutter ch n Index.txt.
N Clutter s c c a s lm vi c sau:

Hnh 2.9. Hnh nh b Clutter Classes.


- c 2.2.3. Import b iv ib s 3D):
Trn thanh menu, ch n File Import c ch a d li u
b s DHM ch n Index.txt.
c giao di

Hnh 2.10. Hnh nh b DHM.


- c 2.2.4. Import b dn s :
Import b dn s d ng polygon. c ch a b dn s
trong folder polygon/mapinfo/ nh n ch n file *.tab/Open.
c giao di
Hnh 2.11. Hnh nh b dn s .
c. c 2.3 - Thi t l p m hnh truy n sng.
Ch n Tab Parameters Propagation Model thi t l p cc h s c a
MHTS.
- n tay cc h s K
+ Duplicate m hnh Standard propagation Model i tn m hnh
v a t o ra (Copy of Standard propagation Model) r i ti i cc h
s trn m hnh m i.
Hnh 2.12. Thi t l p m hnh truy n sng b ng tay.
Cc h s nh thng qua vi m CW v tinh ch nh
MHTS cho t a hnh khc nhau.
+ Tab General: Tn m hnh truy n sng.
+ Tab Parameters n tay cc h s K.
+ Tab Clutter n tay cc h s suy hao c a t ng clutter.

Hnh 2.13. M hnh truy n sng m nh.


Dng cc m hnh m m ph c vng ph , tuy
m b o.
- Cch 2: Import m hnh truy t ra t m t project khc
+ Ch n Document Data Exchange Ch ng d n
n file d li u truy Project khc (XML export).

Hnh 2.14. Cch Import m hnh truy n sng.


Ghi ch:
- Tab Clutter s li t k t t c cc lo
s , do u import b s i xu t hi n.
- Cc h s o cho khu v c nng thn mi n ni,
d i t n s 900 MHz.
- s d
c nh cung c p Fork khuy n ngh .
d. c 2.4 - Nh th ng anten.
- T o d li u v cc lo c t g m cc tham s (tn, t n
s ng cch import antenna pattern c s n.
- T o m i m t lo i anten pattern b ng cch ch n Parameter Radio
Network Equipment

Hnh 2.15. Cch t o m i 1 lo i anten.


- n cc thng tin pattern anten vo cc tab General, Horizontal
Pattern v Vertical Pattern.
+ r ng bp sng n a cng su a
anten (dB ho n v d i t n s ho ng.
Hnh 2.16. Cch t o tham s cho anten.
+ Horizontal pattern v Vertical Pattern: Pattern ngang v d c c a anten.

Hnh 2.17. D li u v pattern c a anten.


Ghi ch: N u khng c d li u v pattern c a anten chnh xc v i th c t
th ph i s d ng anten cng beam d c v ngang c a cng hng s n xu t. N u
c th m i s d ng anten c a nh ng hng khc.
2.2.3.
2.2.3.1. C u hnh cc tham s c a m ng (network data setting).
- n v knh: L a ch
settings/Frequency/Bands.
- : Nh p chu t ph i vo n
Properties. Trong khung c u hnh l t cc tham s v
LTE.
- Nh d li u tr .
2.2.3.2. Cc m ph ng trong m ng 4G bao g m.
- Coverage by Transmitter (DL) Vng ph c a t ng cell: Vo tab Network
Prediction (right click) New Prediction Coverage by Transmitter.
- Coverage by Signal Level (DL) vng ph bi u di n b ng m c thu: Vo
tab Network Prediction (Right click) New prediction Coverage by signal
level
- Overlapping Zones M ph ng ch ng l n gi a cc cell: Vo tab Network
Prediction (right click) Overlapping Zones.
2.2.3.3. Ch Automatic Cell Planning (ACP).
- Gi i thi
+ Module cho php t v dung ng. T i
m:
+ L a ch n site.
+ L a ch n anten (lo i anten d a trn gain, beam width, bandwidth, tilt
n).
+T cao treo anten so v i
m t).
+ Cng su t pht t ng.
- D li u vo:
+ C u hnh 1 project hon ch nh g d li u.
+ Ch y xong pathloss cc tr n vng tnh ton (computation
zone).
+ M c tiu sau t
CINR.
- ng d thi t l p: Trong tab Network/ACP/nh p chu t ph i ch n
New.

V d : Thi t k v th hi n vng ph c a t ng cell, vng ph bi u di n b ng


m c thu, ch ng l n gi a cc cell c a cc tr m 4G t i Trung tm Huy o
Thnh ph H i Phng.
- Th c hi c m b o cc ch tiu yu c u thi t k ta
c 5 v tr tr m Site36, Site12, Site51, Site46, Site78 t i Trung tm Huy
B o.

- Vng ph c a t Nhn vo b c gi i h n
vng ph c a t ng cell, theo nguyn l t i m tn hi u c a cell no
m nh nh c vng ph c

Hnh 2.18. Vng ph c a t ng cell c a 5 tr m t o.


- Vng ph bi u di n b ng m c thu c a t ng cell:
+ Nhn vo b ph sng c th nh c vng lm, vng sng t t,
vng sng y u.
+ Trn b vng ph khi di chu m s hi n ln m c thu c a

+ C th c hi n tr ng ph thng qua cc con s th ng k vng


ph (% di n tch c m c thu t t, % di n tch sng y u) nh o bo co.

Hnh 2.19. M c thu t ng cell c a 5 tr m t o.


- Vng ch ng l n gi a cc cell: ch ra cc khu v c ph ch ng
l n b i nhi u cell.

Hnh 2.20. M c thu t ng cell c a 5 tr m t o.


2.3.4. K t lu n.
- Ph n m cc yu c u trong cng vi c thi t k m ng
vi n thng, Vi c s d ng ph n m n, tr c quan. M ph ng m nh
m st th c t l cng c h u hi u cho cng vi c thi t k v v n hnh khai
c hng c p nh t k p th i cc cng ngh m ng vi n thng trn th gi i.
3.1. Yu c u thi t k m ng 4G t i cc th ph thnh ph H i Phng.
- Thi t k m ng 4G s d ng t n s 1800 MHz c vng ph li n m m
b 4 t 94% dn s .
- Thi t k sng cc vng (clutter) c dn s ng, sinh ho t, lm
vi c, cc tuy t tr ng, r ng, ni, sng.
- Thi t k m b o cho c m c tiu v vng ph v ch ng l n.
- Thi t k c khi b sung thm tr m.
3.2. Th c hi n thi t k m ng 4G t i cc th ph thnh ph H i Phng.
- c 1: Thi t l p d li u vo.
- c 2: ACP l a ch n tr m m i theo m c tiu vng ph .
- c 3: Tnh ton vng ph tr n hnh theo m hnh truy n sng.
- c 4: Thi t k b sung tr m theo m ra.
- c 5: ACP t t qu thi t k tr m.
- c 6: Xu t d li t qu .
3.2.1. Thi t l p d li u vo.
3.2.1.1. Cc d li u vo.
-B s : Khu v c thi t k , b c update g n nh t v i th m
thi t k .
- c th ng k t k t qu m th c t t i lo i
ng (chi ti t m ng d n ny).
- Gi tr d tr Shadow fading margin cho t ng lo a hnh theo khuy n
ngh c a Ericsson.
- M hnh truy c xy d ng t k t qu ng v i cc
a hnh c n thi t k .
- :
B ng 3.1. Cc tham s c n thi t l u.
Nhm Tham s Gi tr t Di n gi i
Kathrein: 80010622V01 1800 Lo i Anten pht
Anten model
MHz sng.
Frequency Band 1800 MHz Thi t l p band thi t k .
cao Anten c a tr m m u
1800 trong khu v c thi t k .
Height/ cao trung bnh c a khu v c Tnh b cao trung bnh
Thi t Ground thi t k c a cc v tr trong khu v c.
l p tr m - Khu th ph : 30m
- Khu nng thn: 40m
m u 1st Sector
1800 c a Sector th
Mechinical 0
nh t khi ch m tr m m i.
Azimuth
Lo c s d ng, l y
Feeder type
theo th c t .
Chi u di feeder s d ng t
Feeder Length Tr m phn tn: 6m Anten t i RRU v i t phn
tn
Lo i m hnh truy n sng
Main Propagation
MHTS c a lo a hnh c s d ng trong main
model
radius.
Main Calculation Gi tr b ng 5 l n bn knh
= 5xRCell
radius ph mong mu n.
phn gi i c a ma tr n
Main Resolution B phn gi i b Pathloss c a main
propagation model.
Extended
M hnh truy n sng s d ng
Propagation MHTS c a lo a hnh
sau khi h t main radius.
model
Gi tr b ng 10 l n bn knh
Transmi 10x Rcell mong mu n, t
tter 36km.
ng cch tnh ton
Extended
ma tr n Pathloss m r
Calculation
m b o my tnh c th ch y
Radius Bn knh ma tr n m r ng
m ph ng di n r ng. Bn
khng qu 35km.
knh tnh ton m r ng t i
t bn knh ph c a
tr ng.
Extended phn gi i khi s d ng
G p6l phn gi i b
resolution MHTS m r ng.
S port pht c a Anten tr m
Transmission Port 2
eNodeB.
S port thu c a Anten tr m
Reception Port 4
eNodeB.
Nhm Tham s Gi tr t Di n gi i
Noise Figure 2.3 Noise figure c a eNode B.
Feeder
1/2" at 1800 MHz Lo i feeder c a tr m eNodeB.
Equipment
Transmission di feeder c ng
Feeder Length 6 pht. Tr ng
(m) s d ng jumper di 6m.
di feeder c ng thu.
Reception Feeder
6 Tr ng s
Length (m)
d ng jumper di 6m.
r
Bandwidth Band 3 - 10MHz
thng cho 4G t i Vi t Nam.
Knh t n s dng cho 4G t i
Channel Number 1750
Vi t Nam.
Max Power Cng su t pht trn m t port
45
(dBm) c a Anten.
RS EPRE Cng su t pht trn m t
Per Antenna Port 15.4 Resource Element c a knh
(dBm) RS.
Gi tr RSRP t i thi m t
Min RSRP (dBm) -125 c tnh l c vng
ph .
Thu t ton c p pht ti
Scheduler Proportional Fair
nguyn.
Diversity Support Lo i phn t p h tr trn
Transmit Diversity,SU-MIMO
(DL) ng xu ng.
Diversity Support Lo i phn t p h tr trn
Receiver Diversity
(UL) ng ln.
Traffic Load
50% T i thi t k ng xu ng.
(DL)
Cell
Traffic Load
50% T i thi t k ng ln.
(UL)
Uplink Noise M c nhi u n ng v i
2.5 dB
Rise t ng ln.
Reception Ericsson Cell UL Rx Lo i thi t b ng
Equiment Equipment (4RX) Uplink.
Number User
1 S user c ng Downlink.
(DL)
Number User
1 S user c ng Uplink.
(DL)
SS EPRE Offset / Offset power c a knh SS so
0
RS (dB) v i knh RS.
PDSCH EPRE Offset power c a knh
0
Offset / RS (dB) PDSCH so v i knh RS.
PBCH EPRE Offset power c a knh PBCH
0
Offset / RS (dB) so v i knh RS.
PDCCH EPRE Offset power c a knh
0
Offset / RS (dB) PDCCH so v i knh RS.
Max Traffic Load
100% Max t i Uplink.
(UL) (%)
Nhm Tham s Gi tr t Di n gi i
Max Traffic Load
100% Max t i Downlink.
(DL) (%)
Tham s n cch
tnh cng su t pht b cho
Fractional Power ng truy n khi s
1
Control Factor d
ng
UL.
Max Noise Rise
6 Max Noise Rise.
(UL) (dB)
Max PUSCH Max C/(I+N) c a knh
20
C/(I+N) (dB) PUSCH.
C u trc frame truy
Frame
Blank tr l y theo c u hnh
configuration
m nh.
Default cyclic
0 Normal i CP dng.
prefix
Default PDCCH
2 S symbol dnh cho PDCCH.
overhead
Default PUCCH
4 RB S RB dnh cho PUCCH.
Global overhead
Paramet 0-Calculated (equal distribution Cch tnh cng su t c a knh
RS EPRE
er of unused EPRE) RS.
SU-MIMO l a ch n SU-
RS-C/N
Criterion MIMO.
MU-MIMO l a ch n MU-
RS-C/N
Criterion MIMO.
ASS Criterion PDSCH C/(I+N) Tiu ch l a ch n ASS.
Multi-Antenna
0 Independent of the number u khi
interference
of Antenas s d ng nhi u Anten.
calculation
Highest Bearer UL: 255
Highest Bearer DL: 180
Lowest Bearer UL: 1
Lowest Bearer DL: 102
Max Throughput demand UL:
500 kbps
Traffic
Max Throughput demand DL:
Paramet FTP
5000 kbps
ers
Min Throughput demand UL: 0
kbps
Min Throughput demand DL: 0
kbps
Min no. of frequency blocks: 6
Body loss: 3 dB
Nhm Tham s Gi tr t Di n gi i
Min power: -42 dBm
Max power: 24 dBm
Noise figure: 9 dB
Losses: 0 dB
LTE equipment: Ericsson Cell
LTE Terminal
DL Rx equipment
(Standard)
UE category: UE Category 4
Antenna Gain: 0
Diversity support: MIMO
Number of transmission port: 1
Number of reception port: 2
L suy hao indoor/outdoor,
Geograp Suy hao Indoor outdoor m c c tnh theo d li
Clutter Loss
hic clutter theo t n s ki m c a 14 lo a hnh
thi t k .

3.2.1.2. Thi t l p cc thng s u vo cho ph n m m Atoll.


- Thi t l p Band, lo i Anten, m hnh truy phn gi i:
+

Hnh
- Thi t l p thng s tr m 1800: Prametter-->LTE-->Station Temple-->New.
+ Thi t l p thng s General
Hnh 3.2. Thi t l p thng s tr m 1800 General.
+ Thi t l ng s d ng t phn tn v i
feeder 1/2" band 1800, chi u di feeder 6m).

Hnh 3.3. Thi t l p thng s tr m 1800 Transmitter.


- Thi t l p Cell:

Hnh 3.4. Thi t l p thng s tr m 1800 LTE.


- Thi t l p suy hao
+ nh x v i b ng suy hao cho t ng vng:
Hnh 3.5. c thi t l p m c clutter.
Cc suy hao c thit lp mc clutter, theo d liu o kim suy hao indoor-
outdoor ca loi a hnh thit k.
3.2.2. ACP l a ch n tr m m i theo m c tiu vng ph .
3.2.2.1. .
Bng 3.2. Cc thi t l ACP
Nhm Tham s Gi tr t Di n gi i
S ng tinh ch nh (
ch nh tilt, azimuth...) tool c th
th c hi n.
Number
Tool a ra gi tr khuyn ngh
iterations
m bo bng 2 ln s hnh
ng cn thit vi quy m mng
cn ti u.
phn gi i c a b .
Default N u khng ch c th gi m xu ng c a 1 pixel
ACP Resolution m b o khng nh dng
(m) 3000pixel/site v c gi m l b i s Object.
c phn gi i b .
Technolog
E-UTRA Band 3 Layer t
y Layers
Evaluation
Computation
Zone
Reconfigu
i Tilt,
ration Computation
Zone
Nhm Tham s Gi tr t Di n gi i
Group cc clutter c dn (MEAN
INDIVIDUAL, MEAN
COLLECTIVE, DENSE
Zone COLLECTIVE, SKYCRAPERS, t nhm Clutter c
parameter VILLAGE, INDUSTRIAL, OPEN IN
URBAN, DENSE INDIVIDUAL,
GROUP OF SKYCRAPERS,
SCATTERED URBAN)
Quality/C
Cn b ng gi a chi ph v ch t
ost trade Medium
Cost ng.
off
control
Cost Thi t l p chi ph cho t ng hnh
Theo Default c a Atoll
setting ng t
Weight: 10
Target Zone: Clutter Group
LTE -125 (d a trn tnh ton
Target coverage (%): 94
RSRP linkbudget).
Quality: RSRP
Threshold: -125
Weight: 5
Target Zone: Clutter Group
LTE RS -3 (d a trn khuy n
Target coverage (%): 94
CINR -3 ngh c a Ericsson).
Quality: RS CINR
Objectiv Threshold: -3
es Weight: 1
Target Zone: Clutter Group
LTE RS
Target coverage (%): 30 .
CINR 10
Quality: RS CINR
Threshold: 8
Weight: 1
LTE 1st- Target Zone: Clutter Group
Nth Target coverage (%): 60 Vng ph c v 1 cell.
st nd
Difference Quality: 1 -2 Difference
Threshold: 5
Enable indoor iv i
Ch tch vo Enable indoor
Indoor b 2D)
coverage khi s d ng b
Coverage iv i
2D.
b 3D)
Paramet Signal Shadowing taken into account = 1
ers Level Cell edge coverage probability: 75%
Shadowing taken into account = 1
RS C& Cell edge coverage probability: 75%
RSRP Service: FTP
Terminal: LTE Terminal (Standard)
Nhm Tham s Gi tr t Di n gi i
Shadowing taken into account = 1
Cell edge coverage probability: 75%
RS C/N
Service: FTP
Terminal: LTE Terminal (Standard)
Shadowing taken into account = 1
RS CINR Cell edge coverage probability: 75%
& RSRQ Service: FTP
Terminal: LTE Terminal (Standard)
Overlap / Minimum signal level: -125 dBm
1st-Nth Threshold margin: 5dB
Shadowing taken into account = 1
Cell edge coverage probability: 75%
RSSI
Service: FTP
Terminal: LTE Terminal (Standard)
Shadowing taken into account = 1
PDSCH Cell edge coverage probability: 75%
CINR Service: FTP
Terminal: LTE Terminal (Standard)
L a ch n b t tr m d a trn cc
Sites Current candidate selection =1
Reconfi tr m hi n t i.
guration Min = 6
Electrical n t
Max = 12
Tilt 6- c 1.
Step = 1
i Azimuth 60
Variation = 60
c nh . Kho ng
Azimuth Step = 10
cch nh nh t gi a hai sector l
Min. Inter Sector = 90
cho khu v c thnh th .
Mechanica 0-
T 0-5, step 1
l tilt c 1.

3.2.2.2. Thi t l p cc thng s ACP cho ph n m m Atoll.


- Thi t l p Optimisation.
+ Thi t l p s phn gi i v layer.
Hnh 3.6. Thi t l p Layer.
+ Thi t l nt

Hnh 3.7. Thi t l p zone.


+ Thi t l p cost control:

Hnh 3.8. Thi t l p cost control.


- Thi t l p Objectives:
+ Objectives: Thi t l p 3 target cho qu trnh ACP l RSRP, RS CINR -3
(RS CINR >= -3), LTE 1st-Nth Difference.
Hnh 3.9. Thi t l p Objectives.
+ Thi t l p Parameters.
Hnh 3.10. Thi t l p Parameters.
+ Thi t l p Reconfiguration.

Hnh 3.11. Thi t l p Reconfiguration.


3.2.3. Tnh ton vng ph tr n hnh theo m hnh truy n sng.
-M ng vng ph tr m ch m m i t i t ng khu v c t
t tr m t i v tr t c ph c h t lm.
- V d i v i khu v c th ph H i Phng, thi t k tr n hnh: Chi u
cao c t: 30 m, bn knh vng ph t data 4 t 650 m.
- Th c hi n thng tin bn knh cell vo Templates tr m m u:
Hnh 3.12. Thng tin bn knh cell tr m m u.
- Hnh nh vng ph c th hi n khi thi t k :

Hnh 3.13. Bn knh ph c a cc cell thu c Site_1588.


3.2.4. R sot thi t k b sung theo m ra.
- vng ph sau ACP l a ch n th c hi n r sot b sung tr m:
+ t t target 94% t data 4Mbps
/256Kbps.
+ L a ch n b sung cc tr m b o target thi t k .
+ ng h n t n t i vng lm l 0m th ph i
thi t k b sung tr m.
- c hi u ch ng azimuth trong lc ch m cho h p
l.
3.2.5. ACP t i t qu sau khi ch m tr m.
- Th c hi n ACP t c 2.
3.2.6. Xu t d li t qu .
- Th c hi n xu t d cc bo co trogn m c ACP sau khi hon thnh t
3.3. K t qu thi t k m ng 4G t i cc th ph Thnh ph H i Phng.
- Cc Th ph t i Thnh ph H i Phng trn b

Hnh 3.14. B cc th ph H i Phng.

Hnh 3.15. B s n i thnh H i Phng.


3.3.1. K t qu thi t k v t n 1.
- T ng s tr m c n pht sng: 67 tr m.
- K t qu 3 ch s RSRP, RS CINR -3, LTE 1st-Nth Difference so v i target

Hnh 3.16. K t qu so v i target sau t n 1.


- Th hi n vng ph theo ch s RSRP sau t n 1.

Hnh 3.17. Vng ph theo ch s RSRP sau t n 1 t i n i thnh.


- Th hi n vng ph theo ch s RS CINR -3 sau t n 1.

Hnh 3.18. Vng ph theo ch s RS CINR -3 sau t n 1 t i n i thnh.

- Th hi n vng ph theo ch s LTE 1st-Nth Difference sau t n 1.

Hnh 3.19. Vng ph theo ch s LTE 1st-Nth Difference sau t n1t in i


thnh.
3.3.2. K t qu thi t k v t n 2.
- T ng s tr m c n pht sng: 134 tr m.
- K t qu 3 ch s RSRP, RS CINR -3, LTE 1st-Nth Difference so v i target
sau:

Hnh 3.20. K t qu so v i target sau t n 2.


- Th hi n vng ph theo ch s RSRP sau t n 2.

Hnh 3.21. Vng ph theo ch s RSRP sau t n 2 t i n i thnh.


- Th hi n vng ph theo ch s RS CINR -3 sau t n 2.

Hnh 3.22. Vng ph theo ch s RS CINR -3 sau t n 2 t i n i thnh.

- Th hi n vng ph theo ch s LTE 1st-Nth Difference sau t n 2.

Hnh 3.23. Vng ph theo ch s LTE 1st-Nth Difference sau t n2t in i


thnh.
3.3.3. K t qu thi t k v t n 3.
- T ng s tr m c n pht sng: 147 tr m.
- K t qu 3 ch s RSRP, RS CINR -3, LTE 1st-Nth Difference t so
v

Hnh 3.24. K t qu so v i target sau t n 3.


- Th hi n vng ph theo ch s RSRP sau t n 3.

Hnh 3.25. Vng ph theo ch s RSRP sau t n 3 t i n i thnh.


- Th hi n vng ph theo ch s RS CINR -3 sau t n 3.

Hnh 3.26. Vng ph theo ch s RS CINR -3 sau t n 3 t i n i thnh.

- Th hi n vng ph theo ch s LTE 1st-Nth Difference sau t n 3.

Hnh 3.27. Vng ph theo ch s LTE 1st-Nth Difference sau t n3t in i


thnh.
- Danh sch v tr v thng s c a cc cell thu c 147 tr m c
c cc yu c ra.
B ng 3.3. Thng s v v tr v cell c a cc tr m BTS 4G
Cell 1 Cell 2 Cell 3
Alti
Site Longitu Latitud tud Electr Mech Electr Mech Electr Mech
TT Azim Azim Azim
Name de e e ical anical ical anical ical anical
uth uth uth
(m) Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt
() () ()
() () () () () ()
106.4721 20.6897
1 Site12 [4] 2 0 345 2 0 105 2 0 225
8944 66995
106.4771 20.6888
2 Site36 [5] 2 0 15 2 0 135 2 0 255
6852 21008
106.4789 20.6967
3 Site46 [4] 2 0 20 2 0 140 2 0 260
0817 5574
106.4821 20.6842
4 Site51 [4] 2 0 15 2 0 135 2 0 255
1243 61704
106.4888 20.6968
5 Site78 [4] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
8600 50454
106.5521 20.7251
6 Site103 [4] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
6898 98854
106.5553 20.8216
7 Site121 [6] 2 0 5 2 0 125 2 0 245
9547 46206
106.5567 20.8245
8 Site122 [5] 2 0 345 2 0 105 2 0 225
0488 24983
106.5590 20.7251
9 Site137 [4] 2 0 20 2 0 140 2 0 260
1272 36976
106.5692 20.7338
10 Site187 [3] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
7352 96402
106.6085 20.8648
11 Site222 [5] 2 0 15 2 0 135 2 0 255
3051 76168
106.6121 20.8577
12 Site233 [5] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
6860 96104
106.6137 20.8637
13 Site235 [7] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
0438 43479
106.6152 20.8555
14 Site244 [5] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
8194 98805
106.6153 20.8646
15 Site267 [6] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
7844 30993
106.6186 20.8555
16 Site291 [5] 2 0 0 2 0 120 2 0 240
1057 67361
106.6318 20.8082
17 Site387 [58] 2 0 340 7 0 100 2 0 220
0119 89491
106.6330 20.8039
18 Site393 [39] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
3405 41872
106.6317 20.8176
19 Site394 [24] 2 0 15 2 0 135 2 0 255
1019 8477
106.6349 20.8120
20 Site411 [19] 2 0 20 2 0 140 2 0 260
7754 5313
106.6366 20.8129
21 Site412 [41] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
5111 40471
106.6471 20.8634
22 Site518 [6] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
8434 24466
106.6481 20.8209
23 Site533 [6] 2 5 0 2 5 120 2 5 240
9415 5962
106.6502 20.8579
24 Site542 [7] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
6175 75026
106.6501 20.8471
25 Site543 [4] 2 0 345 2 0 105 2 0 225
435 36581
106.6502 20.8543
26 Site550 [4] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
2232 62213
106.6487 20.8733
27 Site569 [5] 2 3 0 2 3 120 2 3 240
6491 45518
Cell 1 Cell 2 Cell 3
Alti
Site Longitu Latitud tud Electr Mech Electr Mech Electr Mech
TT Azim Azim Azim
Name de e e ical anical ical anical ical anical
uth uth uth
(m) Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt
() () ()
() () () () () ()
106.6520 20.8697
28 Site600 [6] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
5437 00594
106.6567 20.8416
29 Site625 [5] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
4092 53087
106.6568 20.8506
30 Site634 [8] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
3982 85102
106.6572 20.8687
31 Site662 [5] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
2996 47239
106.6583 20.8353
32 Site681 [6] 2 3 0 2 3 120 2 3 240
3578 1457
106.6588 20.8660
33 Site709 [6] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
6464 21513
106.6601 20.8524
34 Site714 [7] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
8809 59255
106.6616 20.8334
35 Site719 [6] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
4406 75918
106.6608 20.7467
36 Site723 [4] 2 0 0 2 0 120 2 0 240
8697 6635
106.6634 20.8470
37 Site733 [8] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
5698 07755
106.6635 20.8594
38 Site747 [8] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
9406 71882
106.6633 20.8526
39 Site757 [5] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
2638 0945
106.6656 20.7458
40 Site767 [5] 2 0 345 2 0 105 2 0 225
7428 16724
106.6650 20.8406
41 Site809 [8] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
5159 69194
106.6669 20.8596
42 Site830 [8] 2 4 0 2 4 120 2 4 240
2468 20132
106.6683 20.8424
43 Site854 [10] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
9971 43197
106.6684 20.8496
44 Site862 [7] 2 4 0 2 4 120 2 4 240
7939 68766
106.6699 20.8344
45 Site866 [3] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
7615 7885
106.6705 20.9210
46 Site889 [43] 2 0 20 2 0 140 2 0 260
4847 0839
106.6700 20.8379
47 Site892 [5] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
1401 10997
106.6733 20.8378
48 Site916 [6] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
4215 78515
106.6715 20.8279
49 Site928 [3] 2 0 15 2 0 135 2 0 255
6840 59608
106.6735 20.8559
50 Site936 [14] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
4194 42389
106.6734 20.8451
51 Site948 [7] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
2204 04069
106.6742 20.9191
52 Site957 [16] 2 0 20 2 0 140 2 0 260
4289 65633
106.6717 20.8478
53 Site975 [10] 2 3 0 2 3 120 2 3 240
8783 29908
106.6765 20.8306
54 Site978 [6] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
9027 2042
106.6742 20.9155
55 Site979 [8] 2 0 20 2 0 140 2 0 260
0276 5289
106.6744 20.7502
56 Site992 [5] 2 0 20 2 0 140 2 0 260
2338 48229
106.6719 20.8622
57 Site994 [7] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
4758 81005
Cell 1 Cell 2 Cell 3
Alti
Site Longitu Latitud tud Electr Mech Electr Mech Electr Mech
TT Azim Azim Azim
Name de e e ical anical ical anical ical anical
uth uth uth
(m) Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt
() () ()
() () () () () ()
106.6751 20.8477
58 Site997 [8] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
1619 97377
106.6752 20.8640
59 Site1015 [8] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
9627 54832
106.6750 20.8405
60 Site1017 [5] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
3620 71831
106.6768 20.8541
61 Site1032 [8] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
5045 03429
106.6809 20.9191
62 Site1102 [7] 2 0 20 2 0 140 2 0 260
0273 00198
106.6802 20.8612
63 Site1118 [10] 2 3 0 2 3 120 2 3 240
5922 96305
106.6811 20.7572
64 Site1124 [4] 2 0 345 2 0 105 2 0 225
5369 2825
106.6833 20.8377
65 Site1138 [7] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
2654 80681
106.6817 20.8441
66 Site1145 [7] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
3273 19361
106.6818 20.8513
67 Site1153 [9] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
1305 44879
106.6815 20.8262
68 Site1161 [4] 2 0 10 2 0 130 2 0 250
3409 36176
106.6816 20.8368
69 Site1170 [6] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
5245 93836
106.6818 20.8585
70 Site1194 [12] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
9340 7039
106.6861 20.8283
71 Site1218 [4] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
6575 58557
106.6827 20.9367
72 Site1230 [5] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
6540 86144
106.6852 20.8603
73 Site1253 [11] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
4211 44021
106.6843 20.9335
74 Site1262 [4] 2 0 0 2 0 120 2 0 240
9418 18268
106.6868 20.8540
75 Site1281 [8] 6 0 0 6 0 120 6 0 240
3589 05318
106.6850 20.8440
76 Site1303 [7] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
6099 86642
106.6883 20.8404
77 Site1306 [7] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
4894 41109
106.6884 20.8458
78 Site1312 [8] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
0940 60232
106.6906 20.7518
79 Site1347 [5] 2 0 15 2 0 135 2 0 255
9039 95571
106.6884 20.8494
80 Site1354 [8] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
4971 72979
106.6901 20.8557
81 Site1361 [9] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
8454 78856
106.6885 20.8621
82 Site1368 [9] 2 4 0 2 4 120 2 4 240
9089 17579
106.6909 20.9262
83 Site1377 [5] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
7352 26979
106.6935 20.8575
84 Site1391 [8] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
3327 52322
106.6915 20.8295
85 Site1400 [5] 2 0 345 2 0 105 2 0 225
5600 7003
106.6915 20.8331
86 Site1404 [4] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
9636 82777
106.6968 20.8354
87 Site1440 [9] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
0682 79788
Cell 1 Cell 2 Cell 3
Alti
Site Longitu Latitud tud Electr Mech Electr Mech Electr Mech
TT Azim Azim Azim
Name de e e ical anical ical anical ical anical
uth uth uth
(m) Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt
() () ()
() () () () () ()
106.6918 20.8385
88 Site1450 [9] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
4906 99998
106.6954 20.8638
89 Site1470 [9] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
6061 56216
106.6936 20.8647
90 Site1479 [7] 2 3 0 2 3 120 2 3 240
1421 77784
106.6959 20.9270
91 Site1484 [6] 2 0 20 2 0 140 2 0 260
7876 80597
106.6966 20.8430
92 Site1490 [6] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
9972 68434
106.6967 20.8502
93 Site1498 [5] 6 0 0 6 0 120 6 0 240
8074 93897
106.6997 20.8211
94 Site1501 [4] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
8255 78399
106.7000 20.8448
95 Site1526 [7] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
4822 41789
106.6960 20.9306
96 Site1532 [8] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
1944 93295
106.7001 20.8520
97 Site1534 [6] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
2941 67238
106.6999 20.8340
98 Site1559 [5] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
2649 03604
106.7000 20.8412
99 Site1567 [7] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
0764 29062
106.7032 20.8321
100 Site1578 [7] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
3418 64184
106.7035 20.8592
101 Site1608 [9] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
3920 59579
106.7019 20.8674
102 Site1617 [9] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
6644 04746
106.7043 20.9333
103 Site1630 [6] 2 3 0 2 3 120 2 3 240
7544 19867
106.7066 20.8393
104 Site1655 [5] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
4359 565
106.7018 20.8601
105 Site1659 [8] 2 3 0 2 3 120 2 3 240
8509 79317
106.7020 20.8710
106 Site1671 [9] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
0713 17458
106.7065 20.8303
107 Site1695 [6] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
4178 24706
106.7098 20.8284
108 Site1709 [6] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
4930 85169
106.7019 20.8637
109 Site1711 [7] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
2576 92032
106.7050 20.8475
110 Site1715 [2] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
7112 01688
106.7068 20.8574
111 Site1726 [6] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
4737 2006
106.7101 20.8555
112 Site1732 [6] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
5545 80482
106.7102 20.8646
113 Site1741 [7] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
5761 12233
106.7070 20.8718
114 Site1744 [7] 2 3 0 2 3 120 2 3 240
1055 70879
106.7114 20.8239
115 Site1809 [7] 2 3 0 2 3 120 2 3 240
6220 52666
106.7132 20.8320
116 Site1818 [5] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
1803 64635
106.7167 20.8464
117 Site1837 [5] 2 0 15 2 0 135 2 0 255
0986 8211
Cell 1 Cell 2 Cell 3
Alti
Site Longitu Latitud tud Electr Mech Electr Mech Electr Mech
TT Azim Azim Azim
Name de e e ical anical ical anical ical anical
uth uth uth
(m) Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt Tilt
() () ()
() () () () () ()
106.7168 20.8591
118 Site1851 [6] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
5338 26529
106.7138 20.8681
119 Site1857 [5] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
1941 89695
106.7199 20.8352
120 Site1879 [4] 2 0 345 2 0 105 2 0 225
1084 49369
106.7149 20.8419
121 Site1888 [6] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
9456 82915
106.7198 20.8283
122 Site1927 [5] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
3288 85251
106.7199 20.8428
123 Site1943 [5] 2 0 15 2 0 135 2 0 255
9705 3602
106.7218 20.8563
124 Site1950 [4] 2 0 15 2 0 135 2 0 255
1532 66859
106.7186 20.8509
125 Site1952 [6] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
1745 7935
106.7202 20.8608
126 Site1963 [6] 2 0 355 2 0 115 2 0 235
0246 99446
106.7267 20.8301
127 Site1969 [4] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
0129 22721
106.7286 20.8528
128 Site2032 [5] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
2517 65786
106.7266 20.8447
129 Site2039 [6] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
7604 56006
106.7331 20.8300
130 Site2048 [4] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
6490 57458
106.7280 20.8398
131 Site2079 [4] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
9230 64048
106.7366 20.8426
132 Site2102 [7] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
3780 68072
106.7350 20.8490
133 Site2108 [6] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
4623 07093
106.7251 20.8545
134 Site2113 [3] 4 0 0 4 0 120 4 0 240
2317 27005
106.7369 20.8372
135 Site2158 [5] 5 0 0 5 0 120 5 0 240
5991 45187
106.7394 20.9609
136 Site2159 [10] 2 0 355 2 0 115 2 0 235
7335 66714
106.7314 20.8271
137 Site2170 [4] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
6792 84143
106.7378 20.9438
138 Site2181 [4] 2 2 0 2 2 120 2 2 240
0208 21849
106.7398 20.8299
139 Site2187 [7] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
2061 9
106.7400 20.8462
140 Site2200 [4] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
0748 46939
106.7750 20.7085
141 Site2239 [71] 2 0 15 2 0 135 2 0 255
1197 91853
106.7495 20.9554
142 Site2270 [8] 2 0 5 2 0 125 2 0 245
9481 43606
106.7853 20.7048
143 Site2278 [76] 2 1 0 2 1 120 2 1 240
2896 72108
106.7868 20.7238
144 Site2321 [5] 2 0 10 2 0 130 2 0 250
2996 25067
107.0446 20.7287
145 Site2384 [47] 2 0 10 2 0 130 2 0 250
3448 21581
106.8045 20.6791
146 Site2446 [6] 2 0 340 2 0 100 2 0 220
9375 99368
107.0545 20.7217
147 Site2503 [95] 2 0 0 2 0 120 2 0 240
1697 39833
3.4. K t lu n.
- Sau khi thi t k m ng 4G s d ng t n s 1800 MHz c vng ph li n m ch
mb t 94% dn s , t ng s tr m c n tri n khai l 147
tr m.
- Qu trnh m ph ng khng th hi c hon ton do nhi u y u
t : M hnh truy n sng c sai s , b s c c p nh t so v i hi n t i. Do
n ph i kh o st th c t nh cu i cng.
- Trong qu trnh tri n khai c th m t s v tr khng tri
nh do: Khu v c khng c v tr tri n khai, khu v c tri cao anten
mb t k , khu v c b che ch n ph i tri n khai t i v tr khc. Do
t qu m ph ng ch xy d ng ln khung c a m t m i
m i. Th c t s c nhi i so v i thi t k nh.
em

4G

nh.
TI LI U THAM KH O
1. T n thng Q i (2016 - Ti li i b ). Tng
quan mng 4G
2. T i (2016 - Ti li i b ). Hng
dn thit lp tham s khi thit k trm 4G.
3. T i (2016 - Ti li i b ). Hng
dn s dng phn mm Atoll.
4. T i (2014 - Ti li i b ). Hng
dn tnh ton m hnh truyn sng.
5. KS Nguy n Th Quy hoch mng 4G LTE n t t
nghi ih m k thu t Tp H Ch Minh.
6. Ericsson (2012). LTE/SAE System Overview.
7. Forsk, Atoll User manual.
8. Forsk, Atoll getting started LTE.
9. Forsk, Atoll technical reference.
10. Katherin, Catalogue 2014 Antennen Electronic.