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Taller 2: Vibraciones libres amortiguadas

1. A damped single degree of freedom mass-spring system has m = 4 kg, k =3000 N/m, and c =
300 N s/m. Determine the equation of motion of the system.

Solution

Free body diagram


2. A damped single degree of freedom mass-spring system has m = 0.5 kg, k =1000 N/m, and c =
10 N s/m. The mass is set in motion with initial conditions Xo = 0.05 m and Xo = 0.5 m/s.
Determine the displacement, velocity, and acceleration of the mass after 0.3 s.

3. An overdamped single degree of freedom mass-spring system has a damping factor z= 1.5 and
a natural frequency ro = 20 rad/s. Determine the equation of
motion of the displacement and plot the displacement and velocity versus time for the following
initial conditions: (a) Xo = 0, Xo = 1 m/s; (b) Xo = 0.05 m, Xo =0; and (c)
Xo =0.05 m, Xo = 1 m/s.

solution
4. Repeat problem 4 if the system is critically damped.
5. Derive the differential equation of motion of the system shown in Fig. P6. Determine the natural
frequency of the system.
Solution
Free body diagram
6. In Problem 6, let m = 0.5 kg, kl = k2 = k3 = 1000 N/m, and c = 10 N s/m. Determine the
displacement and velocity of the mass after 0.2 s if the initial conditions are Xo = 0.05 m and Xo =
2 m/s.
7. Derive the system differential equation of motion of the pendulum shown in Fig. P7 for small
oscillations. Assume that the rod is massless
Fig P7

Solution

Free body diagram


8. For the system shown in Fig. P7, let m = 0.5 kg, 1 = 0.5 m, a = 0.2 m, k =1000 N/m. Determine
the damping coefficient c if the system is to be critically damped. If the system has an initial
angular velocity of 5 rad/s countclockwise, determine the angular displacement and angular
velocity after 0.3 s. Assume small oscillations.

9. The system shown in Fig. P9 consists of a uniform bar of length 1, mass m, and mass moment
of inertia I. The bar is supported by a spring and damper which have stiffness and damping
coefficients k and c, respectively. Derive the differential equation of motion and determine the
system natural frequency and the critical damping coefficient.
Solution
Free body diagram

Fig P9
10. Let the beam in Problem 9 be a slender beam with mass 1 kg and length 0.5 m. Let a = 0.25
m, k = 3000 N/m, and c = 20 N s/m. Determine the angular displacement
and the angular velocity of the beam after 2 s if the initial angular displacement is zero and the
initial angular velocity is 3 rad/s.

3.22 1 3.30 6
3.23 2 3.31 7
3.25 3 3.33 8
3.26 4 3.37 9
3.29 5 3.38 10