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VARIABLE Q = DIMETRO ----> SE MIDE?

----> SI ----> VARIABLE


X-R ----------

X-S -----------

XIRm ------------

CARTA XR

CARTA X CARTA R
LCS = X2BARRA + A2*RBARRA LCS = D4*RBARRA
LC = XBARRA LC = RBARRA
LCI = XBARRA - A2*RBARRA LCI = D3*RBARRA
(Z = 3; NC = 99.73%)

A2 TABLA VALORES
D3 "n"
D4
PARA UN ESTUDIO DE CAPACIDADC DE PROCESO - CP, CPK,NIVEL DE VARIANZA
1- VERIFICAR SI LOS DATOS SIGUEN UNA DISTRIBUCIN NORMAL (PRUEBA DE NORMALIDAD)
2- VERIFICAR LA ESTABILIDAD DEL PROCESO
CARTAS DE CONTROL : SI EXISTEN CAUSAS ASIGNABLES Y ELIMINAR
"ESTABLE ESTADISTICAMENTE" -----> SIN CAUSAS ASIGNABLES
3- ESTIMAR LA DESVIACIN ESTNDAR DEL PROCESO

2<n<=10 CUNTAS MUESTRAS? -- m


TAMAO DE MUESTRA? -- n
n>10

n=1

CARTA XS

CARTA X CARTA S
CS = D4*RBARRA LCS = X2BARRA + A3*SBARRA LCS = B4*SBARRA
C = RBARRA LC = XBARRA LC = SBARRA
CI = D3*RBARRA LCI = XBARRA - A3*SBARRA LCI = B3*SBARRA
(Z = 3; NC = 99.73%)
NORMALIDAD)

CARTA X CARTA S
LCS = X2BARRA + A3*SBARRA LCS = B4*SBARRA
LC = XBARRA LC = SBARRA
LCI = XBARRA - A3*SBARRA LCI = B3*SBARRA
(Z = 3; NC = 99.73%)
Subgrupo N
x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6
Muestra
1 6 5.8 6.1 6 5.8 6.1
2 5.2 6.4 6.9 5.2 6.4 6.9
3 5.5 5.8 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.2
4 5 5.7 6.5 5 5.7 6.5
5 6.7 6.5 5.5 6.7 6.5 5.5
6 5.8 5.2 5 5.8 5.2 5
7 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.6 5.1 5.2
8 6 5.8 6 6 5.8 6
9 5.5 4.9 5.7 5.5 4.9 5.7
10 4.3 6.4 6.3 4.3 6.4 6.3
11 6.2 6.9 5 6.2 6.9 5
12 6.7 7.1 6.2 6.7 7.1 6.2
13 6.1 6.9 7.4 6.1 6.9 7.4
14 6.2 5.2 6.8 6.2 5.2 6.8
15 4.9 6.6 6.6 4.9 6.6 6.6
16 7 6.4 6.1 7 6.4 6.1
17 5.4 6.5 6.7 5.4 6.5 6.7
18 6.6 7 6.8 6.6 7 6.8
19 4.7 6.2 7.1 4.7 6.2 7.1
20 6.7 5.4 6.7 6.7 5.4 6.7
21 6.8 6.5 5.2 6.8 6.5 5.2
22 5.9 6.4 6 5.9 6.4 6
23 6.7 6.3 4.6 6.7 6.3 4.6
24 7.4 6.8 6.3 7.4 6.8 6.3
CARTA XS

m = 24 n= 12
n = 12 A3 = 0.886
CARTA XS B4 = 1.646
B3 = 0.354

x7 x8 x9 x10 x11 x12 XBARRA S

6 5.8 6.1 6 5.8 6.1 5.967 0.130


5.2 6.4 6.9 5.2 6.4 6.9 6.167 0.745
5.5 5.8 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.2 5.500 0.256
5 5.7 6.5 5 5.7 6.5 5.733 0.640
6.7 6.5 5.5 6.7 6.5 5.5 6.233 0.548
5.8 5.2 5 5.8 5.2 5 5.333 0.355
5.6 5.1 5.2 5.6 5.1 5.2 5.300 0.226
6 5.8 6 6 5.8 6 5.933 0.098
5.5 4.9 5.7 5.5 4.9 5.7 5.367 0.355
4.3 6.4 6.3 4.3 6.4 6.3 5.667 1.010
6.2 6.9 5 6.2 6.9 5 6.033 0.819
6.7 7.1 6.2 6.7 7.1 6.2 6.667 0.385
6.1 6.9 7.4 6.1 6.9 7.4 6.800 0.559
6.2 5.2 6.8 6.2 5.2 6.8 6.067 0.689
4.9 6.6 6.6 4.9 6.6 6.6 6.033 0.837
7 6.4 6.1 7 6.4 6.1 6.500 0.391
5.4 6.5 6.7 5.4 6.5 6.7 6.200 0.597
6.6 7 6.8 6.6 7 6.8 6.800 0.171
4.7 6.2 7.1 4.7 6.2 7.1 6.000 1.034
6.7 5.4 6.7 6.7 5.4 6.7 6.267 0.640
6.8 6.5 5.2 6.8 6.5 5.2 6.167 0.725
5.9 6.4 6 5.9 6.4 6 6.100 0.226
6.7 6.3 4.6 6.7 6.3 4.6 5.867 0.951
7.4 6.8 6.3 7.4 6.8 6.3 6.833 0.470
6.064 0.536
X2 BARRA SBARRA
0.33333333

CARTA X
LCS LC LCI XBARRA

6.539 6.064 5.589 5.967 CARTA X


6.539 6.064 5.589 6.167 7.000
6.539 6.064 5.589 5.500 6.800
6.539 6.064 5.589 5.733 6.600
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.233 6.400
6.200
6.539 6.064 5.589 5.333
6.000
6.539 6.064 5.589 5.300
5.800
6.539 6.064 5.589 5.933
5.600
6.539 6.064 5.589 5.367 5.400
6.539 6.064 5.589 5.667 5.200
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.033 5.000
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.667
LCS LC LCI XBARRA
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.800
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.067
SE ENCUENTRA FUERA DE CONTROL ESTADISTICO, PORQUE
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.033 CAUSAS ASIGNABLES EN LOS DATOS 3,6,7,9,13,1
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.500
LA CARTA DE CONTROL NO PUEDE MEDIR SI UN PROCESO E
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.200 SE TIENE QUE REALIZAR CON UN ANALISIS CON SUS ESPE
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.800 INDICE DE ESTABILIDAD
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.000 NMERO DE CAUSAS ASIGNABLES/m *100
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.267
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.167
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.100
6.539 6.064 5.589 5.867 CARTA S
6.539 6.064 5.589 6.833 1.200

1.000
CARTA S
LCS LC LCI XBARRA 0.800
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.130
0.600

0.400

0.200
1.000

0.800

0.600
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.745
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.256 0.400
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.640
0.200
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.548
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.355 0.000
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.226
LCS LC LCI XBARRA
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.098
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.355
0.882 0.536 0.190 1.010
SE ENCUENTRA FUERA DE CONTROL ESTADISTICO, PORQUE
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.819 CAUSAS ASIGNABLES EN LOS DATOS 1,8,10,18,1
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.385
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.559
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.689 EN CONCLUSIN SE PUEDE DECIR QUE EL PROCESO NO ES ES
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.837
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.391
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.597
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.171
0.882 0.536 0.190 1.034
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.640
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.725
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.226
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.951
0.882 0.536 0.190 0.470
CARTA X

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
LC LCI XBARRA

CONTROL ESTADISTICO, PORQUE SE ENCUENTRAN


ABLES EN LOS DATOS 3,6,7,9,13,18,24
O PUEDE MEDIR SI UN PROCESO ES CAPAZ, YA QUE
CON UN ANALISIS CON SUS ESPECIFICACIONES

AUSAS ASIGNABLES/m *100 33.33%

CARTA S
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
LC LCI XBARRA

CONTROL ESTADISTICO, PORQUE SE ENCUENTRAN


NABLES EN LOS DATOS 1,8,10,18,19,23

DECIR QUE EL PROCESO NO ES ESTABLE ESTADISTICAMENTE.


N muestra Viscosidad(Cp) Rm CARTA X
1 32.39 LCS LC
2 32.96 0.57 35.76 33.57
3 33.51 0.55 35.76 33.57
4 34.74 1.23 35.76 33.57
5 34.16 0.58 35.76 33.57
6 31.97 2.19 35.76 33.57
7 34.39 2.42 35.76 33.57
8 33.95 0.44 35.76 33.57
9 33.74 0.21 35.76 33.57
10 33.59 0.15 35.76 33.57
11 34.29 0.7 35.76 33.57
12 33.27 1.02 35.76 33.57
13 32.95 0.32 35.76 33.57
14 33.47 0.52 35.76 33.57
15 34.12 0.65 35.76 33.57
33.57 0.83
Xbarra Rmbarra
CARTA Rm
n 1 LCS LC
m 15 2.70 0.83
d2 1.128 2.70 0.83
D3 0 2.70 0.83
D4 3.267 2.70 0.83
2.70 0.83
Rm Xi - X(i-1) 2.70 0.83
2.70 0.83
Para determinar valores de tabla hay que usar n =2 2.70 0.83
2.70 0.83
2.70 0.83
2.70 0.83
2.70 0.83
2.70 0.83
2.70 0.83
LCI Viscosidad
31.37 32.39 CARTA X
31.37 32.96 37.00
31.37 33.51 36.00
31.37 34.74 35.00
31.37 34.16
34.00
31.37 31.97
33.00
31.37 34.39
32.00
31.37 33.95
31.37 31.00
33.74
31.37 33.59 30.00
31.37 34.29 29.00
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
31.37 33.27
LCS LC LCI Vi s cos i dad
31.37 32.95
31.37 33.47
EL proceso es estable estadisticamente, ya que no presente
causas asignables, slo causas naturales.

LCI Viscosidad
0.00 CARTA Rm
0.00 0.57
3.00
0.00 0.55
0.00 1.23 2.50
0.00 0.58
2.00
0.00 2.19
0.00 2.42 1.50
0.00 0.44
0.00 1.00
0.21
0.00 0.15 0.50

0.00
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
LCS LC LCI Vi s cos i da d
1.50

1.00

0.50
0.00 0.7
0.00 1.02 0.00
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
0.00 0.32 LCS LC LCI Vi s cos i da d
0.00 0.52

EL PROCESO SE ENCUENTRA BAJO CONTROL ESTADISTICO, NO PRESENTA CAUSAS ASIGNABLE

EL PROCESO DE FABRICACION DE PINTURA ES ESTABLE, YA QUE LA CARTA X Y


Rm NO PRESENTA CAUSAS ASIGNABLES, POR ENDE SE CONCLUYE QUE ESTA
BAJO CONTROL ESTADISTICO
2 13 14

12 13 14
12 13 14

SENTA CAUSAS ASIGNABLE


N Muestra X1 X2 X3 X4 X5
1 74.03 74.002 74.019 73.992 74.008
2 73.995 73.992 74.001 74.011 74.004
3 73.988 74.024 74.021 74.005 74.002
4 74.002 73.996 73.993 74.015 74.009
5 73.992 74.007 74.015 73.989 74.014
6 74.009 73.994 73.997 73.985 73.993
7 73.995 74.006 73.994 74 74.005
8 73.985 74.003 73.993 74.015 73.988
9 74.008 73.995 74.009 74.005 74.004
10 73.998 74 73.99 74.007 73.995
11 73.994 73.998 73.994 73.995 73.99
12 74.004 74 74.007 74 73.996
13 73.983 74.002 73.998 73.997 74.012
14 74.006 73.967 73.994 74 73.984
15 74.012 74.014 73.998 73.999 74.007
16 74 73.984 74.005 73.998 73.996
17 73.994 74.012 73.986 74.005 74.007
18 74.006 74.01 74.018 74.003 74
19 73.984 74.002 74.003 74.005 73.997
20 74 74.01 74.013 74.02 74.003
21 73.982 74.001 74.015 74.005 73.996
22 74.004 73.999 73.99 74.006 74.009
23 74.01 73.989 73.99 74.009 74.014
24 74.015 74.008 73.993 74 74.01
25 73.982 73.984 73.995 74.017 74.013
n 5
D4 2.114
D3 0
A2 0.577

Xbarra Rango
74.0102 0.038
74.0006 0.019
74.008 0.036
74.003 0.022
74.0034 0.026
73.9956 0.024
74 0.012
73.9968 0.03
74.0042 0.014
73.998 0.017
73.9942 0.008
74.0014 0.011
73.9984 0.029
73.9902 0.039
74.006 0.016
73.9966 0.021
74.0008 0.026
74.0074 0.018
73.9982 0.021
74.0092 0.02
73.9998 0.033
74.0016 0.019
74.0024 0.025
74.0052 0.022
73.9982 0.035
74.001176 0.02324
X2barra Rbarra