Está en la página 1de 24

Testing the SEL-311L Line Current Differential Relay with ProTesT

YAKOV KNOBEL
Sr. APPLICATION ENGINEER
DOBLE ENGINEERING COMPANY, USA.
SEL-311L Line Current Differential
With Full Distance Backup
87L Restrain 87L Restrain
87L Operate

SEL-311L SEL-311L

Zone 1
Zone 2
Zone 3
Zone 4
SEL 311L Line Current Differential
Relay
z Line Current Differential for Two or Three
Terminal with Tapped Load Overcurrent
z Backup Options from simple Overcurrent to
Full 4 Zone Pilot Aided Distance
z Protest Plan concentrates on 87 and
Tapped Load O/C
z See SEL 311C test plan for other element
tests
z Relays Include Test Aids
SEL 311L with Setting APP=87L

Bus

87L 50 51 67

52
SEL 311L with Setting APP=311L

Bus

87L 50 51 21/68 67

52 81 27/59
25/
79
Line Current Differential Testing

z Communications Channel is an Integral


Component of the Protection
z Testing at Local Terminal May Result
in Tripping at Remote Terminal
z Single and Multi- Ended Testing
Methods are Available
z Relays Include Test Aids
Single-Ended Testing

z Each SEL-311L May Be Tested


Independently
z Remote 87L Must Be Blocked to
Prevent Tripping
z Built-in Features
Stub Bus Logic
Loop Back
Loop Back for Testing with One Relay

z Simulates Internal Faults Only.


z Differential Current Is 2 x Applied Test
Current.
z 87L Pickup Is One Half of Setting
Value.
z Alpha Plane Will Always Plot at 1 @ 0
Degree.
Channel Loop Back
z If the Channels Are Disconnected, 87L
Is Blocked.
z Relay Provides Internal and External
Channel Loop Back.
z Local 87L Is Enabled During Loop
Back, Remote Is Disabled.
z Hot-Standby Channel Must Be
Disabled.
Internal Loop Back

z Differential Current Is 2 x Applied Test


Current.
z Available With All Channel Interfaces.
z No External Equipment Is Required.
External Loop Back

z Differential Current Is 2 x Applied Test


Current.
z Available With All Channel Interfaces.
z Fiber Channel May Be Jumpered at
Rear of Relay, or at Any Patch Panel
Between the Relays.
z Multiplexed Channel Loop Back
Provided by Equipment Manufacturer.
SEL 311L Differential Element

The SEL-311L restraint characteristic


Surrounds the ideal external fault and load
current point
Allows for errors in both magnitude and
phase angle caused by CT saturation, channel
asymmetry etc.
Is adjustable both in angular extent and
radial reach.
SEL 311L Differential Element

Operate Operate
Region Region

Channel
Asymmetry Remote CT Source
Local CT Saturation Impedances,
Saturation Fault Location
F2 F1

Remote CT Local CT
Saturation Saturation

Operate Restraint
Region Operate
Region Region
SEL-311L Metering

z Local and Remote Currents


z Phase, Zero Sequence, Negative
Sequence, and Positive Sequence
Currents
z Difference Currents
z Alpha Plane Radius and Angle
z Use as calibration and connection test
Meter Values Proper CT Connections
Local A B C 3I0 3I2 I1
I MAG (A Pri) 587.199 589.804 584.416 6.590 5.432 587.139
I ANG (DEG) -0.20 -120.10 120.10 -101.30 71.30 0.00
Channel X A B C 3I0 3I2 I1
I MAG (A Pri) 592.394 583.617 587.570 7.787 5.726 587.858
I ANG (DEG) 179.50 59.90 -60.20 -175.50 100.70 179.70
Vector Sum A B C 3I0 3I2 I1
I MAG (A Pri) 6.043 6.188 4.400 11.490 10.793 3.160
I ANG (DEG) 148.90 -120.10 -104.20 -142.00 86.30 103.00
Alpha Plane A B C ZERO-SEQ NEG-SEQ POS-SEQ
RADIUS 1.000 0.980 1.000 0.000 0.000 1.000
ANG (DEG) 179.70 179.90 179.60 0.00 0.00 179.70
Inrush Protection
z Increases the minimum trip thresholds
and slows the relay operation
z Active when relay it detects that local or
remote breaker is open.
z Defeated in test plan by setting the relay
52a logic to assert (52A = 1).
z Otherwise use test set logic sources to
simulate 52a
COM Report - Channel Information

=>>COM X
SEL-311L 87L Date: 03/14/01 Time: 11:05:44.616
EXAMPLE: BUS B, BREAKER 3
FID=SEL-311L-X108-V0-Z001001-D20010312 CID=BA2B
Summary for 87L Channel X
Channel Status Alarms
ROKX = 1 DBADX = 0 RBADX = 0 AVAX = 0
For 03/14/01 07:30:52.612 to 0
COMM. LOG SUMMARY COMM. STATISTICS
# of Error records 33 Last error
Data Error
Data Error 17 Longest failure
0.005 sec.
Dropout 16 Lost Packets, prev. 24 hours 81
Test Mode Entered One Way Delay (Ping-Pong) 0 msec.
=>>
Test Connections
SEL 311L
Relay L

OUT104

OUT104

CHX
SENSE IA
SENSE
IB

3A /0
IC
IA
SEL 11L
3A /-120
IA Relay R
IB
3A /-240
IB OUT104
IC
IC OUT104
N N
3A /180 I1 CHX
IA
3A /+60 I2
IB
3A /-60 I3 IC
IA
IB
IC
ZPLBOI Plot Overlay Shows Alpha
Plane Characteristic
PlotII Overlay Shows Characteristic as
Traditional Slope Curves
Conclusion

z Protest & F6000 provide resources needed


for all tests: single,double and three terminal
z Tests prove unique differential characteristic
z Relay Commissioning Test should be
completed as per SEL 311L manual
z Satellite Synchronized tests tests on
complete system possible after installation
Relay Operating Time Curves

1.5
Operate Time [cyc]

87L2

1.0

87LPH

0.5

0.0
0.0 2 4 6 8 10 12
Multiples of I OP Pickup
State Simulation for Go-No-Go/Timing
Go-NoGo
tests can be
used after
installation
with
Satellite
Synch. Test
Set
z THANK YOU