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DANIEL C.DENNETT es considerado uno de los grandes filésofos de nu tro tiempo, propulsor de controverti- das teorias sobre ia y los procesos de la mente. Es también una de las voces sobresalientes de la comu nidad de cientificos dedicados al estu- dio de la inteligencia artificial. Nacido en Boston en 1942, dirige actualmen- te el Centro de Estudios Cognitivos de la Universidad de Tufts (Estados Unidos), donde es también catedriti co de Filosofia. Desde 1987 es miem: bro de la American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Publicé su primer libro, Content and Consciousness, en 1969. Le siguieron Brainstorms (1978), Elbow Room 1984), La actitud intencional (1987), Consciousness Explained (1991), Kinds of Minds (1996) y Brain children: A collection of 1997 (1997). Ha publi mas de un centenar de articulos en revistas especializadas. La peligrosa idea de Darwin fue finalista del Na tional Book Award en r995. says 1984: LA PELIGROSA IDEA DE DARWIN A pesar de haber sido sometida al continuo acoso de quienes han tratado de limitar o ne- gar sus implicaciones, la teoria darwiniana de la evoluci6n por seleccién natural, una de las mas controvertidas de todos los tiempos, se mantiene vigente y abierta a nuevas inter pretaciones y desarrollos. Daniel C. Dennett, uno de los mas prestigio- 08 fildsofos contemporaneos, describe con gran agudeza la teoria de Darwin y extien- de sus argumentos hasta sus iiltimas y sor- prendentes consecuencias. El lector tiene en sus manos una de las mas profundas refle- xiones sobre la significacion intelectual del darwinismo, un audaz, innovador y atracti: vo anilisis sobre el efecto de renovacién que la teoria de Darwin ha supuesto en nuestra actual vision del mundo, «Extremadamente licido, maravillo- samente escrito y cientifica y filoséfi- camente impecable» The Wall Street Journal Daniel C. 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te etme np Free ety cigs rb Seeeweaio oe Bonnier eters as op burn ene Bre pes ‘Sal gt oy cr mie ‘fet rs rea fiien eden ope ‘elie Ca pt as ‘Sige Mane igen ssn i abla = seal ne ee eae SaaS een pe nin mu Branca Senciticaeeeeneces Sera sss in an ‘Sim scorn erage seteabpciepe epee a te woe oe Seen ge ee do plete ee ie sic are faaeeeseeo ‘i free re Shave amma ae ‘Sento pti tn va emai SSE cee ee ae Sipe demon ernie mene Ensues Sis pee ered SSeeaaee Soe Sh nina eran Speci einhtraran icin pir ei een eo Simao Geiate ie Titian arctndyscne Ess Sat Sac Si tein treet SSeS Te a Wiha ‘Sievangeapapcac sense ae (tle pln tance oy a ‘mcmrepee’ Store ‘Shay manip sg Se es rs Sites dtmteeee log eae Poin coasec ictal cos ‘Kee ected ‘epi dt en ei a = noe eee eee nee Se ‘omens aa on Secs atceimar sb oeene tiated Son shea see Es Site Gide be nent Pereereccrte teary tee roel ea ‘nec, ung Seem ai nee SS i cee Seo iat, ie meen oe soho poeta —— SS SiS See eect Siriaas: Sr tosecat reco ieee sich Sec geen Se ee ike cee os perenne es Serene mda poeta et sired fo cen Prrcacerirerenreten 1 win mit is ee ange a i iinretens aerate ico ogee ps ‘Shen aa ncn porate ones leer rer = son cy ee ee Ee eect am nn eee Seas et adherent Sc nn ni ide? (tee tr de ce Ce Semen saa Haare mt ples a =e S2aine earths omer ee = ‘Teena spans wr snl Son Tee del Sep a om ‘Se al ee te poy Soest oe Sen soe cnet ecnieierent: pbcsoeecieacs eee Sitzors tpencenrasecemesn an ert Peeppereeremerprred son i yc a See heen Sateteeeiectowencal ‘Seer Sie ge Eccoifiepagateatome ice So pen ‘melee te own ren er hp Rage TESS sn em me eb telgpgmen nop Section teees Since esi Sen te eee et eee eee er DESL ean SEE epi arama mn {bore ee mon se as Sours Saat toon ieee i soba aac Silo SS cttcceiu gues tenon wo pe omar ee 334 EL pensamiento de Darwin en biologi 5. El ordenador que aprendié a jugar al ajedrez Alan Turing y John von Neumann han sido dos de los mas grandes cientificos de este siglo, De ellos se puede decir que inventaron el ordenador, y su invento ha llegado a ser reconocido como un triunfo de la ingenieria y un vehicu- Jo intelectual para explorar los territorios mas abstractos de la ciencia pura, Ambos pensadores fueron, al mismo tiempo, imponentes teéricos y profundos practicos, para- digmas de un estilo intelectual que ha ido desempefiando un papel creciente en la ciencia desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Ademas de crear el ordenador, tanto Turing como Von Neumann aportaron contribuciones fundamen- tales a la biologia te6rica. Von Neumann, como ya hemos sefialado, aplicé su brillante mente al problema abstracto de la autorreplicacién, y Turing [1952] realiz6 trabajos pioneros en uno de los problemas tedricos mas basicos de la embriologia o morfogénesis: bwin gee amt getter ee Se ete Stn eon ‘esc cn | is ees Soeess aes orton tt lo ei a scat frac ioe SS Erlor acca a ‘Sie tongs Sods ane 1 Ee bd pin apie ‘eth matin sea ‘STs pn pm cteeanomesionn mas ‘Shed per tera een Sach Lite a STi a pn Sete Seema ret aco Soe be ope Ecc eyo a esate rine rn i interme ‘espe ante lp et Spee eaten ie cae oiler mists tmcerecee Sor restos pn ap a essere noses Sele oeee See ey ‘nS a ae ‘penne ca eas ened ‘Spten re drm oir yom mate Sypris spot ge isthe ovo nec ge a eed ore Saeereemetes ‘lt space ntcs te (or tet helepen tp de maa» ce eee ‘Cpu pet ops atoms nope ‘deo scoot ttt oat fect lr Tocco me =e areata Sosa Sends Sac SEES sortie sched ere Eiipetecata fein Se fara ssc Geo Teee enone eee Reet geen secre soem elorors be in SS Sohmoeessaed ee a Sco Seeks Sion Sateweneeeecces Ciaran ant Scr ameter se =r ‘em Mee ae ee ipo or mars et ve \Srgtgrmet eu Sacer ecanede ning ta Seetce ripe tree cece Seat eee ‘Seonesepeaeemdeey epee fa ‘Sircaet thence ee Erte se — Sep aetgloncmee conden aan as Sas iss seciereni Fest "Sromd poco cel are de Saeco eed Sunoco ‘occa pak ele d ens Se mee Een seemcooes Seca aectn pee er om ri gan ei ae (Swobnands sts deen coop sok oe ‘eg pte dae ae ‘Se aman spins eee Smiaceme te ‘Gin Tyan eaters wero: ‘Sesion ane Sree SaaS a toe premiera md Sapeeeaeea Seer aee eee Sala onset ee entra gee Sein i sn 1 pte et ees Seekers sor ren a co a a ne erase sen a ii op tee See ee Sec eee es Se mew occeeperaee ae tad cere Steet Sesas Satake Gol ppmsn Come es Seer pier caer e Suerte emis ncn ae ton rte ere dea es ‘nests wn eae ecedepmamenenon ene Stites eer sor en = eeu passa heap ta” arn Separates tren sincere vaeeatoe ay Seo rans rig Ss ml He: cc (Seki nechan dpi’ ono mem Swear Lie ia sr rt meg Eee ees (Spor gua Hom ders ape oe es aise fecccegedlgn minpetinanes latinas ‘enn ing rca Shea Slat oes ——_ Sree ange emegepe ‘Seperate Sse ntaoee ad eae im ecm ere ee te Spteereeeecinneneren eee eee eae een cg ret Sees mnt sri or as ‘np pam nto pute Sina een een Sipe tenn ncn eet pe ‘Soe gr ee elt Soe Siemans popes loge Deemer cmc Sete oer ee ‘Srechmnnceaon amiaa des pints orn Serer Merce tee aoa Sel cy tt pm er Sow re ptr SSS ae Scotian ime ea atm na apreptme regs incom onson ‘shiny qr hab ade sg a ara de Sema apedliou peeciearee ae eae SSS Fes sateee ‘thee on ems pe a ea i pro enn tn eal ne gee Sper cnn In in serene neni ‘wt ap presse eeeeeeeoet Ss eee Serenata pees Saari See =e peer Serer {de gi J os Nr na cob a Sreeeereecen ae ib ny ns et SSS been Sie to me i in ‘is esp Pore Tet cr oome po Sd st net Saas ales tec, an pnt, Socrapeeman siete erence fkaedbsiepeetane cerca ane EitaansSradrneeia fae pte: seo eee sr Secret SS oo “opr dor Nees coma tne ag oe Siecoeeeteeies set mn na pe ‘Sen arr ein meen mara pes ‘Epes en en sa este eile fs ‘Seton pea sto no pte ‘asp san eee poe am i Sees ercaroenresamearaae SSeS Sa So Feared ‘stare i poses pr op Heat cepteeeaes ee ‘icp yo cde dr matasonmarane ree ‘Sie mftannde plone Soper ieee regres ‘Hovde a tree af de Borin a sao “rene tensa i be recess eats penaetcesaeas Sopeaares ‘Sento se nnn asia co “en ns mp pe ea parts bemaaur! 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La «prueba» de Locke sobre la primacia de la mente. 30 4- Hume estuyo muy eerea . 34 cariroto 11, Ha nacido una idea ¢Qué hay de especial en las especies? 45 2, Seleccién natural. Algo tremendamente dificil de creer 52 3. zExplied Darwin el origen de las especies? 7 4- La seleccién natural como un proceso algoritmico & 5. Los pracesos considerados como algoritmos . . 4 capfruto mt. El écido universal 1. Primeras reaceiones. . 89 2. Elasalto de Darwin a la piramide césmica 94 3. El principio de la acumulacién de disefios se tor 4-Herramientas para la IsD: zaganchos celestes» 0 sgrtias»?. inueoth ganlyennns 110 5. 2Quién teme al reduccionismo? ‘ 133 TiS mani Di ge tt en ee a ny mn Alt eee ig