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Multibody Dynamics with

Altairs HyperWorks

Kshitij Kulkarni (KK)


Business Development Manager

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
The Team

Unmatched experience in MBD

~100 man years of MBD experience added during the last


twelve months

Highly skilled development staff in


Michigan, California and India
Experience with
Adams, Dads, Simpack, and others

Experienced mbd consultants in


US, Germany, Italy, India and Japan

Network of mbd experts across the world

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MBD customers around the world

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Multibody Simulation with HyperWorks

1: BUILD 2: TEST 3: REVIEW 4: IMPROVE

Altair Altair
MotionView HyperStudy

Altair
Altair HyperView
MotionSolve HyperGraph

Altair Altair
HyperMesh OptiStruct

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionSolve

What is MotionSolve?

A brand-new, next generation


solver

Full suite of analysis capabilities

Large library of modeling


elements

Open architecture
User-defined sub-routines

Adams compatible

Extensively tested

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionSolve 9.0 Update

Enhanced dynamic solution

Improved static solution

Deformable curves and surfaces

Enhanced rigid body contact

Flexbody contact

Component level optimization using MBD loads through Equivalent


Static Load Method (ESLM)

End-User Needs Drive Implementation of Capabilities


Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionSolve 9.0 Update

MotionSolve Dynamic Solution Enhancements


3 DAE formulations implemented
Left Coil Spring displacement

Index-3 formulation
Stabilized Index-2 Formulation
Stabilized Index-1 Formulation

New integrator for formulations


DASPK 3.0
Many modifications for MBD systems

New input language in <PARAM_TRANSIENT> Block


Selection of integrator
Dramatic Gains in
Error control Performance
Integrator behavior control
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionSolve 9.0 Update

MotionSolve - Numerical Integration of DAE


DASPK 3.0
Developed at Lawrence-Livermore Laboratory, UC
L. Petzold, P. N. Brown, A. C. Hindmarsh, and C. W. Ulrich
Next generation DAE solver (2006 release)

Backward-Differentiation Formulae (BDF) based


Multi-step, predictor-corrector based
Automatic Order selection
Automatic Step size control
Automatic control of Jacobian evaluation
Error control by state type (Displacement/Velocity/Lagrange Mult./etc.)

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionSolve 9.0 Update

MotionSolve - Performance

Flexible Suspension Analysis (8.0 vs. 9.0)

22.5X
Speedup

12.5X 13X

1X

ODE SI-1 SI-2 I-3

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionSolve 9.0 Update

MotionSolve - Performance

4-Post Durability Simulation (8.0 vs. 9.0)


6X

3.9X
Speedup

3.5X

1X

ODE SI-1 SI-2 I-3

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Further Enhancements

Quintic interpolation

Save/reload functionality

Improved math parser

User-subroutine enhancements

Post-processing enhancements

Compliance matrix based calculations for suspension design factors

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionSolve Case Study

Altair MBD @ DaimlerChrysler Consult Graz GmbH


Challenge
Generate Load Histories for Durability
Analyses

Solution
Modular simulation model to serve multiple
configurations
Frame and body structure modelled as
flexible bodies

Results
Validated vehicle model
Virtual prototype to assess different methods
for virtual durability testing

MotionSolve delivers accurate component


loading histories for durability analysis
Nenad Bozic
Senior Engineering Manager
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mechanism Optimization at Motorola

Challenge
Optimize opening and closing forces for
mobile phone
Solution
Virtual model in MotionView
Virtual test with MotionSolve
Test planning with HyperStudy
Results
Determined main effects
Found optimal spring characteristics

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Suspension Optimization at McLaren

Challenge
Need to consider compliance effects early in
suspension development

Solution
Parametric suspension models through
MotionView
Virtual K&C tests with MotionSolve
Optimization with HyperStudy

Results
Fast simulation turn-around times
Possibility for quick what-if-studies

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Building Multibody Models

HyperMesh
Modelling environment for the FEA expert
MotionView
Modelling environment for the MBD expert
Both can drive MotionSolve

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionView Features

Parametric templates with unlimited hierarchy


Knowledge capture & re-use

Component models with varying fidelity


Adaptable component/system models

Solver neutral data model


Multi-solver support

Transparent data model with built-in symmetry and conditional logic


Minimal effort in model creation and maintenance

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionView Data Model

Open System: Supports Multiple Solvers

Bodies
MotionView
Rigid
Flexible
Modal (CMS)
Full FEA

Mis-Use
Vehicle Dynamics Tests
with Packaging NVH with
MotionSolve/Adams with with ABAQUS
MotionSolve/Adams Radioss/
Nastran
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionView 9.0 Enhancements

Improved CAD / FE import:


Converts CAD / FE to h3d
graphics
Reads or calculates mass and
inertia information from CAD / FE
data
Insert data into a specific or new
sub-system
Generate MDL file with correct
location and orientation of
coordinate frames
Additional options for users familiar
with HyperMesh

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Enhanced vehicle libraries

Suspension Design
Factors using compliance
matrix

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionView 9.0 Enhancements

Comprehensive GUI coverage


Advanced joints

Datasets

Deformable curves and surfaces

Fields

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionView 9.0 Enhancements

Usability features
Find attached
Query of model topology through
graphical interface

Points creation from nodes in the


imported graphics
Context sensitive HTML help
Model transfer from HyperMesh to
MotionView
Improved math parser
Eliminates need for curly braces
and quotes in parameterization

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
MotionView at GM North America

50+ MotionView users


Many w/ 10+ years experience
90%+ of MBD engineers use either
MotionView pre and/or post
Fueled development of MotionView Pre-
Processor in 90s
MotionView Post-Processor GM MBD
standard
MotionView used exclusively on GM-
COMBATT program
Altair delivered 4 prototype
vehicles to GM

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Saving Over $230K Annually in Durability Simulation at DaimlerChrysler

Challenge DAIMLERCHRYSLER
Transferring loads from MBD simulations to fatigue analyses
time consuming
Error-prone process

Solution
Automated LoadMapper application based on HyperWorks
MotionView pre processor
Input: MBD loads, output: complete FE model

Results
88% improvement in load pre processing
83% productivity improvement for analysis setup
Estimated annual cost savings : $237k (cycle time reduction
from four hours to 30 minutes and elimination of job errors)
The Altair LoadMapper not only accelerated our durability simulation process, but also
significantly increased process robustness.
Sridhar Srikantan, Supervisor Durability, Chrysler, Auburn Hills, Mich., USA
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
HyperMesh-MotionSolve Interface

New panels in HyperMesh to create multibody system model


Automatic calculation of CG and inertia properties
Integrated Flexible body generation

Panel to create
Body entities

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
HyperMesh-MotionSolve Interface

New panels in HyperMesh to create multibody system model


Joints
Forces

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
HyperMesh for MBD 9.0 updates

Support for rigid body contacts

Support for deformable curves and surfaces

Support for higher pair joints

Support for parametric curves

Support for forces on body coordinate system

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Design refinements by shape optimization
HyperMesh Morphing technology HyperStudy

OptiStructMotionSolve
ESLM OptiStruct

Load set feq0 feq1 feq2 L


feqn

HyperView
Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Lug optimization using ESLM

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.
Conclusion

The Altair Advantage


A state-of-the-art multi-body dynamics solver
Comprehensive features

Fast and robust

User friendly

Fully integrated into HyperWorks

Versatile pre-processing with MotionView and HyperMesh

Comprehensive post-processing with HyperView and HyperGraph

A solid vision for future development

Growing Altair investment in this technology

Try it!

You will like it

Altair Proprietary and Confidential Information Copyright 2008 Altair Engineering, Inc. All rights reserved.