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2017

Maquinas Elctricas III

Simulacin de una
Maquina DC
CARLOS ALBERTO VILLANUEVA ALCARRAZ..20131420H
Problema

Se tiene un motor DC tipo independiente 220 VDC,10 HP, = 1 , = 0.1, = 200 ,

= 30 , = 2.3, = 0.1 2 / , = 22.

Se aplica al campo y armadura dos fuentes independientes de 220vDC y el rotor esta girando
con 450 RPM cuando acciona una carga

a) =? =?

= +

= + +

= + +
=
220
= = = 1.1
200
= + +

=

= 100.7765588
=
= 254.96465
= 4.712284
= 250.2523048
b) Para: = 210 Hallar: 0 =? =?

= 1.1

= + 0 (1)

0 = 0 (2)

En (1):

210 = + 2.530

En (2):

Resolviendo el sistema de ecuaciones lineales:

= 97.150
0 = 44.605/ = 425.946

= 1.1

= + 0 (1)

= 0 0 (2)

En (1):

220 = 2.530

En (2):

Resolviendo el sistema de ecuaciones lineales:

= 104.922
0 = 45.482/ = 434,355
= + +

= ( )

= +

= +

220 = + + ( + ) + ( + ) . . (1)

2.53 ( + ) = 270 0.1 ( + ) (2)

Aplicando Laplace:
220
= () + () (0+ ) + () ()

() = () + () (0+ ) + () ()

Reemplazo:
220 2.53

10.07767 = (1 + 0.1) +
(s).(1)

2.53 270
() 0.1() = + 2() 94,24778 (2)

253 270
() ( ) + (2 0.1) () = 94.24778

() . (0+) ( + )
()=
. ()

+ () . (0+)
( . () + ( + 1) ( ) () = () (0+) + ( + 1). ( )
. () ()
() . (0+)
. (() (0+) ) + ( + 1)(() . () )
() =
2 . 2 + ( + 1)( + )

2,5.3(270 . 94,24778) + (2 + 1)(220 10,0775)

() =
6.4009 + (2 + 1)(1 + 0,1)

d)se incrementa Va=230V

= = 1.1

() = . () + () . (0+) + ()

. () = () +JS. () - (0+)+D . ()

Ahora:
.(0+ ) () JS. () D . ()
0 =

() . () () ()
(0+) =

Para =270

0 =49,50086=472,6984407RPM

=104,7628117

Para =254,25

0 =502,6304516RPM

==96,832594A
Simulacin