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Roman Catholic Christianity

Old church of Roman Catholic Christianity in chantaburi province,Thailand

Roman Catholicism has the largest religious following in the Philippines. This religion
was first introduced to the Filipino peoples through the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand
Magellan in the early 1500's. Magellan, whose original destination was Spice Island, arrived on
Cebu Island in Philippines due to a missed route. He then proceeded to make Roman
Catholicism a state religion by first converting the Chief of Cebu, and several hundreds of his
followers. Roman Catholics believe in a supreme deity or God, who exists in three forms. These
are God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, commonly referred to as the Holy Trinity.
Catholics believe that God sent his son, Jesus to the world through a virgin to die for the sins of
the world. There are also three main sacraments of initiation kept by Roman Catholics, which
include Water Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist. Conversion and acceptance of the religion
precedes these three sacraments. In terms of influence, the Catholic Church historically has
impacted decision making in such areas as marriage, reproduction and family life in general.
However, that influence seems to be waning. For instance, divorce which was previously
unacceptable due to the country's predominant Catholic beliefs, is now being accepted or
tolerated by many. Family planning through the use of contraceptives or abortion which was
also frowned upon by the Church seems to have been adopted by those who consider
themselves "liberal" Catholics. As expected, these have not resonated well with the Catholic

. They believe that Allah revealed his messages through the Prophet Mohammed. he established the first mosque on the same Island. the oldest mosque in the country. the founding figure of Islam. Specifically. These principles include the Shahada or declaration of faith. similar to Christians. Muslims now incorporate Western styles into dressing.Islam Islam is the second largest religion in the Philippines after Roman Catholic Christianity. Islam first spread to Simunul Island in the Philippines through foreign trade with countries such as India. is however a bit flexible today. while still maintaining the standard which is modesty. which is today. believe in a single supreme God. Subsequently. but not in Jesus as the ultimate prophet and Messiah. Ramadan or ritual fast. The religion existed in the region for around a century before the spread of Christianity. Wearing of religious dress which historically was required and is still required. Zakat or alms-giving/charity. However. one significant impact is in the area of Islamic dietary laws. since it is not the dominant religion. are now gaining influence in the country. There are five principles which all Muslims generally adhere to. Halal provisions which previously were non-existent or very scarce. and the Hajj or Pilgrimage. or Allah in Arabic. Salat or prayer. it was the Islamic cleric-Karim ul' Makhdum who first introduced the religion to the area. Influences are most felt in the Southern part of the country which is home to the majority of Muslims. Islam has not had that much of an influence on the general society in the country. Muslims.

This religion though similar to other forms of Christianity. arose as a counter-religion to Roman Catholicism. Protestant Churches have established several schools at different levels. most importantly. and. The main beliefs include spreading the message of Salvation through scriptural teaching. a personal and willing conversion which is known as being "born-again. Some Protestant groups which are affiliated with the Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches (PCEC). without any foreign influence. however were established locally." Influence of this sect on Filipino society has been predominantly in the area of education. and incorporated most of these beliefs in the curriculum. .Evangelical Protestant Christians (affiliated with the PCEC) TRINITYCHURCH Bacolod City The First Chinese Congregation in Bacolod of the United Evangelical Church of the Philippines Evangelical Protestantism was introduced into the Philippines by American missionaries after the Spanish-American War between the late 18th and early 19th Centuries. which is the death and resurrection of Jesus. faith in the finished work of the Cross. even for students or pupils who are not part of the religion.

Any opposition from the State or any other group is usually met with large protest rallies. Hence. who are viewed by the Iglesias as apostates. especially "outsiders" to the religion to question the supposed Church and State separation which is constitutional. The religion is rigid. This rigidity has really made people. freedom of thought and opinion pertaining to political issues is absent in this religion. and all other Christian groups were not. The sect ascribes instead to the doctrine of Unitarianism. To encourage solidarity and unity in the religion. who claimed that this sect was the true religion of Christ. This Church believes in the power of scripture and a supreme God in a fashion similar to other Christian denominations. and not triple as described by adherents of Trinitarianism. The religion was founded by Felix Manalo Ysagun. but rejects the doctrine of Trinitarianism which is common among other groups. Influence of the Philippine Church has largely been political. especially to Protestants and Catholics.Iglesia Ni Cristo (Church Of Christ) Unlike other religions in the Philippines which spread through external influences. which holds that God is a singular entity. followers are required to vote only leaders endorsed by the Ministers or Church authorities. the Philippine Church of Christ originated from within the country itself in the early 19th Century. .

Filipino-Chinese. Japanese. . impermanence of everything in the world. a form of Buddhism became introduced in the Philippines.Davao Sights: Lon Wa Buddhist Temple Buddhists The time Buddhism first spread into the Philippines is unknown for the most part. Buddhists do not believe in a creator God in the same fashion Christians do. Through sea trade with the Srivijaya Empire of India which was predominantly Buddhist. and the absence of a permanent soul. The adherents of this religion are primarily Chinese. The main beliefs include suffering which is inherent in human existence. Vajrayana. although archaeological records point towards the 6th or 7th Century. Buddhism has had linguistic influences on Filipino culture as the origin of some words can be traced to Sanskrit and Pali which are Buddhist languages. and other Asian or Middle-East groups residing in the country.

. or introduced by international Missionaries. For instance. Assemblies of God.Jehovah's Witnesses talking in front of their new Kingdom Hal Other Christians Other Christian groups in the country include Jehovah's witnesses. but there are also a host of differences. and numerous others. and the Latter day Saints believe in Salvation for the dead. but adherents of these religions. Some beliefs are common to mainstream Christianity. For instance. Latter Day Saints. Influences of these religions are mainly not on the wider society. Jehovah's witnesses also reject Trinitarianism. Jehovah's witnesses do not receive blood transfusions no matter how critical their health is. These groups were started either locally. Seventh-day Adventists.