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08 Markets HYDRONEWS 27

Unexploited potential in a developing COMPACT HYDRO market

s Kashimbila, Nigeria, site panorama March 2013

apid growth of the African especially in central, east, and southern
economy is creating a huge Africa, the COMPACT HYDRO business
demand for electrical energy. unit of ANDRITZ HYDRO has received
However, although Africa is home to several orders for the complete electro
approx. 10% of the global hydro mechanical scope of small-scale hydro
power potential, less than 7% of its power plants during the last few years.
potential has been developed so far.
Furthermore, only 10% of Africas Kashimbila, Nigeria
population has access to electricity. The Kashimblia multipurpose dam is lo
cated in southeastern Nigeria on the
Several recent international reports have Katsina River close to the border with
come to the conclusion that small-scale Cameroon.
hydropower plants can be an adequate
solution to cover the growing electricity Besides its original function as a buffer
demand in Africa. It will play a pivotal dam in case of the natural embankment
role in providing electrical energy to re failure in Lake Nyos, Cameroon, a total
mote areas in connection with a proven generation capacity of 40 MW was a s Kaplan runners as for HPP Kashimbila, Nigeria,

technology either in stand-alone isolated substantial request by the Nigerian Gov and HPP Stortemelk, South Africa

mini-grids or as distributed generation ernment due to the current restricted

in national grids. generation capability. tract in 2012 to deliver four tubular type
Kaplan turbines with a runner diameter
ANDRITZ HYDRO in Africa Despite local restrictions such as trans of 2,850mm.
ANDRITZ HYDRO has a passion for port limitations, the demand for a short
Africa with a market presence for over installation time, and cost optimization, The COMPACT AXIAL TURBINE (CAT)
100 years. On the African continent, ANDRITZ HYDRO was awarded a con offers a smooth efficiency curve culmi
nating in a high energy yield even at
t Compact Francis turbines as for HPP North Mathioya, Kenya part load.

The final installation at HPP Kashimbila is

planned for the second quarter of 2015.

Stortemelk, South Africa

NuPlanet, an established developer and
independent power producer in South
Africa, has awarded a contract to a
consortium led by ANDRITZ HYDRO for
the delivery of the complete electro-
mechanical equipment at Stortemelk
hydropower plant.

HPP Stortemelk is located at the exist

ing Botterkloof Dam, near the town of
Clarens in the province of Free State,
South Africa. The dam has a gross
head of approx. 15 m and was originally
HYDRONEWS 27 Markets 09

constructed by the Department of Water

Affairs as a buffer dam in order to mini
mize the erosion in the Ash River. It will
be equipped with one 4.4 MW vertical
a runner diameter of 2,350 mm.

The handover of the turbine is planned

for April 2016.

North Mathioya, Kenya

ANDRITZ HYDRO was awarded a con
tract from the general EPC-contractor
JIANGXI Water and Hydropower Con
struction Kenya Ltd. for the delivery of
the complete electromechanical equip s North Mathioya River

ment including three 1.9 MW COMPACT

Francis turbines with a runner diameter a pilot project for the construction of a The interest in small hydropower in Afri
of 568mm on the North Mathioya River. small hydropower plant to generate ca is unbroken and will facilitate the
The scheme is located near the town electrical energy for KTDA (Kenya Tea advancement of this environmentally
Kangema in Muranga District and will Development Agency). The growing of friendly form of energy. COMPACT
secure an independent electrical energy tea needs both, altitude and water, which HYDRO is looking forward to taking an
supply for local tea factories. are requirements for hydropower as well. active part in this development.

The Greening Tea Industry in East Africa The delivery of the turbine and genera Hans Wolfhard
(GTIEA) identified the North Mathioya tor equipment to Kenya is scheduled for Phone: +49 (751) 29511 491
River as one of the locations to develop the end of 2015.

t Visit at North Mathioya TECHNICAL DATA

Kashimbila, Nigeria:
Output: 4 x 10 MW
Head: 19 m
Speed: 230.8 rpm
Runner diameter: 2,850 mm
Stortemelk, South Africa:
Output: 4.4 MW
Head: 14.8 m
Speed: 230.8 rpm
Runner diameter: 2,350 mm
North Mathioya, Kenya:
Output: 3 x 1.9 MW
Head: 120 m
Speed: 1,000 rpm
Runner diameter: 568 mm