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TEMS

CellPlanner
GeoData Users Guide
Created by EBCCW 00:06

Ascom, 25 June 2009 EN/LZT 108 9834 R2B / released


All rights reserved
Ascom 2009. TEMS is a trademark of Ascom. All other trademarks are the
property of their respective holders.

This manual is provided by Ascom without any kind of warranty. Neither Ascom nor
its dealers or distributors will be held liable for any damages caused or alleged to be
caused either directly or indirectly as a result of using this information.

Improvements and changes in this manual, due to typographical errors or


inaccuracies in current information or programs and/or equipment, may be made
by Ascom at any time without notice.

No part of this manual may be reproduced, transmitted, stored in a retrieval system,


nor translated into any human or computer language, in any form or by any means,
electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or otherwise, without
the prior written permission of the copyright owner, Ascom.

EN/LZT 108 9834 R2B / released


Contents

Preface i

1 Introduction to TEMS CellPlanner 1-1


About TEMS CellPlanner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Support and FAQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
License Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Product Packaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3

2 About Geodata 2-1


Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Geodesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Geodata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Cell Planning with Geodata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
TEMS CellPlanner Geodata Concepts and Glossary. . . . . . . . . . 2-16

3 Providing Map Data to TEMS CellPlanner Users 2-1


Map Data Administrators Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-2
Required and Recommended Map Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Do TEMS CellPlanner Clients use 32 Bits or 64 Bits JVM? . . . . . . 2-4

4 Importing and Converting Map Data 3-1


View Map Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
Tools for Import of Map Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Convert Raster Data to MRR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-6
Convert Vector or Text Data to MRV. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-13
Convert Demographic Data to MRR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-16
Advanced Import of Map Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-24
Transform Map Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-25
Notification Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-27

5 Working with Maps and Map Layers 4-1


About Map Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Suggested Map Layer Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Map Legends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-8
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EN/LZT 108 9834 R2B


Map Display Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-10
Zoom and Pan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-33
Map Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-35
Map Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-37
Map Viewing Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-38
Map Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-43
Map Colors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-46
Printing Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-48

6 Customizing Coordinate Systems 5-1


About Coordinate Reference Systems and Projections . . . . . . . . 5-2
Coordinate Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Datums for Coordinate Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Ellipsoids for Datums. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14

7 Exporting Map Data 6-1


Export Map Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
Export Sites to Google Earth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6

8 Migrating Map Data 7-1


About Migration of Map Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
Migrate Propagation Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
Migrate Traffic Density Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
Migrate Pathloss Fading Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
Migrate Coordinate Reference System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6

9 Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference 8-1


Supported Map Data Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2
Map Data Format Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
Multiple Resolution Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-8

Index I-1

EN/LZT 108 9834 R2B


Preface

Assumed Knowledge
This documentation presumes that you have good knowledge about radio network
planning principles and the radio technology to plan.

It is also assumed that you are familiar to the computers operating system,
keyboard and mouse actions, file opening, saving, and closing.

Document Conventions
This document uses the following conventions:

Bold type Window names, button names, and keyboard keys are
displayed as bold text. Examples:
Select Rx antenna type window.
Click Edit.
MenuSelection Navigation in menu paths are displayed as bold text with
arrows between menu levels.
Typewriter File names and literal input and output. Example:
type
WCP_traffic.dat
CELLINFO Default Non-Balanced 0.00 0.00
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 35
Italic type Book titles and definitions are displayed in itali. Examples:
Technical Reference Manual
carrier mapping

Disclaimer
The parameter values in this manual are examples, and do not constitute any
performance guarantees for the planned equipment. Some parameters depend on
the equipment version, the operators business plan or network deployment
strategy. Recommended parameter values should be provided by the operator, the
equipment vendor or your service delivery organization.

The values stated are intended to help you get started quickly with TEMS
CellPlanner. They are not intended for use in final network planning.
Created by EBCCW 00:06

i
ii
1
Introduction to TEMS CellPlanner

This chapter provides an overview of the TEMS CellPlanner product.

Topics Page

About TEMS CellPlanner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2


Support and FAQ. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
License Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
Product Packaging. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
Created by EBCCW 00:06

1-1
About TEMS CellPlanner Introduction to TEMS CellPlanner

About TEMS CellPlanner


TEMS CellPlanner is a graphical PC-based application for designing,
implementing, and optimizing mobile radio networks. It assists you in performing
complex tasks, including network dimensioning, traffic planning, site configuration,
frequency planning, and network optimization.

Support and FAQ


For support and FAQ about TEMS CellPlanner, use the TEMS support web site:

http://www.ascom.com/tems/

To provide TEMS support with enough information when reporting a problem,


follow the instructions in chapter Support Information in the TEMS CellPlanner
Installation Guide.

License Information
You must have at least one radio technology feature license to use TEMS
CellPlanner, see Licensed Software Modules on page 1-3.

Installation
For information on how to install software and licenses, refer to chapter Installing
Client Software in the TEMS CellPlanner Installation Guide.
For information on how to activate licenses, refer to chapter Licenses in TEMS
CellPlanner Common Features Users Guide.

1-2
Introduction to TEMS CellPlanner Product Packaging

Product Packaging
The TEMS CellPlanner software package includes the following:

Licensed Software Modules


Other Software
Manuals

Licensed Software Modules


Radio technology features and adherent additional features are all delivered as
licensed software modules. To use a licensed software module you must install and
activate a license. Additional features require a license for the feature itself and a
license for the adherent radio technology feature.

Table 11 Software modules included per software package


Licensed Software Modules Corresponding manuals
LTE TEMS CellPlanner LTE Users Guide
Radio Technology features

WCDMA TEMS CellPlanner WCDMA Users Guide


TEMS CellPlanner WCDMA Technical Reference Manual
WCDMA,HSPA TEMS CellPlanner WCDMA Users Guide
TEMS CellPlanner WCDMA Technical Reference Manual
GSM TEMS CellPlanner GSM Users Guide
TEMS CellPlanner GSM Technical Reference Manual
WiMAX TEMS CellPlanner WiMAX Users Guide

Automatic Cell Requires additional TEMS CellPlanner WCDMA Users Guide


Planning license for WCDMA or
WCDMA,HSPA
Additional features

Automatic Requires additional TEMS CellPlanner GSM Users Guide


Frequency Planning GSM license
Automatic Requires additional TEMS CellPlanner Common Features Users Guide
Measurement license of at least one
Integration and Radio Technology
ASMT1 module

1. ASMT = Automatic Sector Model Tuning

Other Software
In addition to the licensed modules for TEMS CellPlanner Clients, the package also
includes the following software:
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1-3
Product Packaging Introduction to TEMS CellPlanner

Common utilities
Described in TEMS CellPlanner Common Features Users Guide and TEMS
CellPlanner Common Features Technical Reference Manual.
Map data software, folder with demo map data
Described in TEMS CellPlanner GeoData Users Guide and TEMS CellPlanner
Map Import Wizard Users Guide.
Software components allowing network planning towards a shared server with
database, licenses on a license server, or client software on a Citrix server.
Described in TEMS CellPlanner Installation Guide and TEMS CellPlanner
Common Features Users Guide.

Manuals
The manuals listed below are delivered in PDF format together with the TEMS
CellPlanner software.

Name Number
TEMS CellPlanner Installation Guide LZT 108 9831
TEMS CellPlanner Common Features Users Guide LZT 108 9832
TEMS CellPlanner Common Features Technical Reference Manual LZT 108 9833
TEMS CellPlanner GeoData Users Guide LZT 108 9834
TEMS CellPlanner Map Import Wizard Users Guide LZT 108 9943
TEMS CellPlanner LTE Users Guide LZT 108 9944
TEMS CellPlanner WCDMA Users Guide LZT 108 9837
TEMS CellPlanner WCDMA Technical Reference Manual LZT 108 9838
TEMS CellPlanner GSM Users Guide LZT 108 9835
TEMS CellPlanner GSM Technical Reference Manual LZT 108 9836
TEMS CellPlanner WiMAX Users Guide LZT 108 9839

TEMS CellPlanner Installation Guide


Describes how to install TEMS CellPlanner components and manage licenses, and
provides an overview of all TEMS CellPlanner components. The procedures must be
performed by a user with administrator privileges on the local computer. Some
procedures require that you are an authorized TEMS CellPlanner administrator.

TEMS CellPlanner Common Features Users Guide


Describes common utilities, administrative procedures, and some functionality used
in several radio technology modules. Here you also find the Glossary of all terms
used in TEMS CellPlanner.

1-4
Introduction to TEMS CellPlanner Product Packaging

TEMS CellPlanner Common Features Technical Reference Manual


Describes radio technology independent algorithms, parameters and file formats.

TEMS CellPlanner GeoData Users Guide


Describes geodata concepts, supported geodata formats, conversion between
different map formats, and how to use map data tools in TEMS CellPlanner. The
chapters about providing and importing map data are intended for administrators
of map data. Other chapters are intended for users of map data in TEMS
CellPlanner.

TEMS CellPlanner Map Import Wizard Users Guide


Describes how to import map data using a generic wizard similar to the one
provided with TEMS LinkPlanner. The intended reader is administrator of map data.

TEMS CellPlanner LTE Users Guide


Describes how to use the LTE functions of TEMS CellPlanner.

TEMS CellPlanner WCDMA Users Guide


Describes how to use the WCDMA functions of TEMS CellPlanner.

TEMS CellPlanner WCDMA Technical Reference Manual


Provides background technical information on WCDMA algorithms and file formats
used in TEMS CellPlanner.

TEMS CellPlanner GSM Users Guide


Describes how to use the GSM functions of TEMS CellPlanner.

TEMS CellPlanner GSM Technical Reference Manual


Provides background technical information on GSM algorithms and file formats
used in TEMS CellPlanner.

TEMS CellPlanner WiMAX Users Guide


Describes how to use the WiMAX functions of TEMS CellPlanner.
Created by EBCCW 00:06

1-5
Product Packaging Introduction to TEMS CellPlanner

1-6
2
About Geodata

This chapter describes the basic geodata / map data concepts and the related
concepts used in TEMS CellPlanner.

Topics Page

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Geodesy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Ellipsoid/Spheroid and Datum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
Projection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5
The Geoid a Height Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
UTM and WGS-84 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
Reference Systems in TEMS CellPlanner, Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
Geodata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Source Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Map Data Representation, Raster or Vector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Accuracy and Resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-12
Cell Planning with Geodata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Recommended Resolutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-14
Known Difficulties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-15
TEMS CellPlanner Geodata Concepts and Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
bin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
conversion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
coordinate system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-16
DMS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
demographic data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
EriMap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
feature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
GeoBox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
Geographic Information System (GIS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
geodata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-17
geographic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
map data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
map data representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
map format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
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About Geodata

map layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18


map type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-18
MRR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
MRV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
multi-attribute vector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
multi-resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
multi-valued raster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
multiple dataset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
multiple resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-20
pixel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
raster data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
reference system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
reprojection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
single-valued raster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
source database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-21
source files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
text data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
transformation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22
vector data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-22

2-2 EN/LZT 108 9834 R2B


About Geodata Introduction

Introduction
To administer and use geodata in TEMS CellPlanner you need a basic understanding
of the geodata concepts.

Geodata is an important part of TEMS CellPlanner for the following reasons:

geodata is the basis for map layers, viewed on screen by planners to locate sites
geodata is required by the propagation models, used for pathloss calculations
and other predictions

Use this chapter as a reference for understanding geodata related parameters and
how geodesy might affect your radio network planning.

Note: In TEMS CellPlanner the wording map data is used for map related
information. In this chapter we instead use the strictly scientific terms
geodesy and geodata, as map data in TEMS CellPlanner has a wider
meaning than just maps.
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Geodesy About Geodata

Geodesy
All maps and geodata need a reference to the Earth. Otherwise we would not have
the possibility to measure in the data or relate one feature to another. When
constructing these reference systems one has to simplify the complex three-
dimensional Earth into a two-dimensional mathematical construction. This science
is called geodesy.

Ellipsoid/Spheroid and Datum


The first step in geodesy is to determine the shape of the Earth. The shape of the
earth is not completely round but slightly flattened at the poles. The shape is best
described as an elliptical body. This body is called an ellipsoid or spheroid, which is
a rotational body described by its x-axis (or semi-major axis) and y-axis (semi-minor
axis).

Figure 21 An ellipsoid is a geometrical body describing the irregular Earth.


Since an ellipsoid does not exactly match the Earth, several hundred different
ellipsoids are in use throughout the world. Each ellipsoid has its different
characteristics that makes it the best choice for a certain area or map. The different
ellipsoids often have names from their inventor and the year they were defined, for
example Bessel-1841 or Clarke-1180.

An ellipsoid, like Bessel-1841, can be placed in slightly different ways to match the
actual Earth. The way an ellipsoid is placed in relation to the actual Earth is called a

2-4 EN/LZT 108 9834 R2B


About Geodata Geodesy

geodetic datum. Each type of ellipsoid may use more than one datum. To define an
ellipsoid it is thus necessary to know its datum.

Figure 22 The same ellipsoid can be placed in different ways to describe the Earth.
The way an ellipsoid is placed in relation to the Earth is called a datum.
A 3 dimensional ellipsoid can be used for creating a reference system. This is done
by placing a grid over the ellipsoid so that one acquires latitude and longitude
coordinates for any position on the Earths surface. These coordinates are also often
referred to as geographical coordinates. The latitude and longitude grid is not a
perpendicular reference system. The longitude degrees are for example shorter
closer to the poles than at the equator.

A consequence of the fact that the geographical coordinates depend on the


ellipsoid and the datum is that the same spot on the Earth surface will have different
latitude and longitude coordinates with different ellipsoids and datums. The
difference can be up to 800 meters depending on datum. It is therefore important
to keep in mind which reference system has been used for various input data.
Geodata can be transformed from one datum to another by various methods. The
simplest way is by a so called 3-parameter transformation. This transformation is
performed in three dimensions - X, Y and Z (height) - between the two datums. The
transformation is described by a shift in each dimension. The shifts are named dX,
dY and dZ.

Projection
To represent the three-dimensional Earths surface into a two-dimensional
representation on a computer screen or a paper map, it is necessary to use a
mathematical model called a projection. To understand this, one can imagine a large
paper wrapped around the Earth. A light source is then placed in the middle of the
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Geodesy About Geodata

Earth and the positions are projected onto the paper. In this way a cylindrical
projection is created. Often the projection process is far more complex.

Figure 23 Example of a cylindrical projection


There are thousands of different projections in use, each with innumerable
variations. Most projections usually fall within one of the larger groups, such as
cylindrical, conical or planar projection. Common for all projections is that they
create a distortion of the data, either in scale, distance or area. This is an effect of
reducing the data from 3 dimensions to 2 dimensions. Therefore all projections
contain errors and each projection has its pros and cons. When constructing and
selecting a projection it is a matter of controlling the errors.

For projected geodata it is possible to set up a perpendicular Cartesian coordinate


system instead of using latitude and longitude coordinates. Each point can then be
referred to with an X and Y coordinate in for example meters, counted from a
chosen place of origin (origo of the coordinate system). The place of origin is
normally defined by its latitude of origin and longitude of origin.

The Geoid a Height Reference


The surface of the Earth is not smooth but irregular, full of ups (mountains) and
downs (oceans). To determine the elevation for a point we need a reference. The
sea level is often used as a reference surface. Since the sea level is constantly
changing the surface of the Earth is very complex and challenging to use as
reference.

Instead scientists have defined a surface called the geoid. It can simply be described
as an imagined predefined sea level that covers the entire Earth, even under the
continents. It is defined as an equipotential surface in the gravity field of the Earth.
This means a surface where the magnitude of the gravity is constant. So in reality it
is more correct to speak of the height above the geoid rather than the height above
the sea.

UTM and WGS-84


A world standard when it comes to projections is Universal Transverse Mercator
projection, called UTM. This is a type of cylindrical projection that has been found
to have good representation for larger areas and it displays angles correctly. The
global UTM coverage is divided into 60 zones, each with a width of 6 degrees. The

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About Geodata Geodesy

zones are further divided into the northern and southern hemispheres. Each of
these 120 zones has its own origin for measuring the positions in meters.

Perhaps the most commonly used ellipsoid today is World Geodetic System 1984,
called WGS-84. WGS-84 is also defined as a datum. It is a world reference system
created for the GPS system. The WGS-84 ellipsoid has a semi-major axis of
6 378 137.00 meter and a semi-minor axis of 6 356 753.31 meters.

The positions measured by a GPS is always in WGS-84 latitude and longitude and
the height is above the WGS-84 ellipsoid. In most GPS receivers it is possible to get
positions in other reference systems. However the positions are always measured in
WGS-84 and then transformed to another reference system. The accuracy of the
transformation depends on the quality of the receiver and might not always be
accurate.

Reference Systems in TEMS CellPlanner, Examples


In TEMS CellPlanner it is possible to use a number of different ellipsoids, datums and
projections.

The tool also has a number of predefined reference systems that are used in various
countries. They are called coordinate systems. Each coordinate system includes a
predefined datum and projection.

An example is the coordinate system British National Grid which is based on the
datum OSGB 1936 England (which is adaptation of the Airy 1830 ellipsoid) and a
Transverse Mercator projection with some parameters specific for England.
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Geodesy About Geodata

It is possible to view all the parameters for each type of reference system in TEMS
CellPlanner, as in the following examples:

Figure 24 Example parameters of the coordinate system British National Grid

Figure 25 Example parameters of the datum OSGB 1936 England

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About Geodata Geodata

Geodata
This chapter introduces some concepts of geodata, that is, digital geographical
data, that must be handled correctly to obtain correct planning results. It also
describes the different sources of digital geodata and how digital data can be
stored, as well as important aspects of accuracy and resolution.

Source Data
When producing geodata for network design, the best source material is normally
a combination of topographical maps and satellite images. The quality of the
dataset is totally dependent on the quality of the source material. What goes in
comes out is very much true in this case.

Topographical Maps
Most geographical datasets use information from topographical maps as a basis.
These maps include height information in the form of contours, land usages
(features like forests, urban areas and so on), linear features (like roads, railways,
rivers) as well as text. They usually have a well-defined coordinate system. These
maps normally vary in scale from 1:200 000 to 1:10 000. A governmental body in
each country, or in certain countries the military, often produces topographical
maps. Availability might be a problem as they in some cases are considered to be
military secrets.

Topographical maps are normally used for extracting elevation or terrain data, as a
support and reference for interpreting the clutter and vector information. Because
of their well-defined reference system, topographical maps are also used for
georeferencing the data, see chapter Geodesy on page 2-4.

The choice of scale is often a combination of the level of accuracy needed and the
availability of maps.

Production of topographical maps is a large undertaking and they are therefore


seldom updated. Therefore satellite images are often used to obtain the most recent
information. Topographical maps are at least 5-10 years old. For the elevation data
this might not be a big problem since the terrain changes very slowly (if at all). In
wireless network design it is however of great importance that the landuse and
vector data is updated with the most recent information. In most cases satellite
images are used for updating landuse and vector information. There are a large
number of satellites in orbit around the globe. They are used for various purposes,
like meteorology, military or earth observation. The earth observation satellites are
the ones normally used for updating geodata for network design.

Satellites use digital sensors to register electromagnetic waves from the visible part
of the spectrum as well as invisible, like infrared or radar. The resulting images are
therefore not comparable to traditional photos. For satellite images the crucial
parameter is the resolution, which determines the smallest detectable object in the
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Geodata About Geodata

image. The satellite sensors range from low-resolution sensor (around 200 meter)
found in weather satellites, over medium-resolution sensors (30 meter 10 meter)
such as LANDSAT, SPOT, IRS to high-resolution sensors that capture images with a
resolution of 5 meter to 1 meter. Such satellites are Quickbird, IKONSOS and
Orbview

SRTM Elevation Data


A new source for elevation data is the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)
elevation data. It is an elevation database produced from radar measurements by
NASA. It has a resolution of 3 arc-seconds (approximately 90 meters) except for US
territory which has a resolution of 1-arc-second (approximately 30 meters). The
coverage is near-global, extending from 60 degrees South to 60 degrees North. The
SRTM elevation data are in some parts incomplete and in other parts the elevation
values might not be altogether correct. The data are available for free from NASA.

The SRTM elevation data has in many circumstances replaced traditional


topographical maps as a source for terrain data when designing medium to low
resolution data. It is both cheaper and more accessible than topographical maps.

Map Data Representation, Raster or Vector


Digital geographical data can be represented in two map data representations,
either as vector or raster data.

Vector Data
In vector data the geographical features are captured and stored as single points. A
line is defined by several points and how they are related. An area is represented by
the first and the last point in a line being the same, to form a closed object. The
points are defined by their x and y coordinates, and for height data, their z values.

It is also possible to attach additional information to each vector, this information is


called attributes. The attributes could be for example road classes or cable widths.

In TEMS CellPlanner all linear data (such as roads, railways, shorelines and so on)
and text are stored as vector data.

Raster Data
Raster data is information stored as pixels (bins or small squares) each one with its
own value, representing whatever is mapped (height value, landuse code, color
codes). Raster data representation is like placing a matrix over the ground and
record the feature that falls within each pixel. The size of these pixels in the matrix
is called the resolution. The resolution is measured as the actual size of the pixel
on the ground.

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About Geodata Geodata

In TEMS CellPlanner the height data, landuse data and backdrops (images) are
stored as raster data.

Vector Data versus Raster Data


Both formats have their pros and cons, as outlined in the following table:

Vector Data Raster Data


Suitable for low data volumes Suitable for large data volumes
Faster to display Slower to display
Not o easy to convert Easier to convert

When data is converted from vector to raster or from raster to vector it will be
changed and distorted.

When vector data is rasterized, that is, converted from vector to raster, all line
elements will be interpreted as pixels, the size of the pixels determined by the
chosen resolution. In the example in Figure 26 you can see how an imagined grid
is placed on top of the vector data and each pixel is classified as building or not-
building. The result will be a slightly changed representation of the building. In some
areas it has grown, in other areas some parts are missing.

Figure 26 When a building in vector format is converted to raster format, the shape
might be affected.
Data that is vectorized, that is, converted from raster to vector, will normally keep
the area distribution correctly, but the resulting vector data will look rather pixly
and not very natural.
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Geodata About Geodata

Figure 27 When the building is converted from raster back to vector, the effects of
going between the two data types are obvious.

Accuracy and Resolution


It is important to distinguish between accuracy and resolution for geodata.

Accuracy
The accuracy is a measure on how well the position of different features in the data
represent their true position on the ground. One can distinguish between absolute
accuracy and relative accuracy.

An absolute accuracy of +/- 10 meter means that the positions in the geodata can
be expected to be not more than 10 meters from their true location in reality. The
level of absolute accuracy depends on how well the source data has been
georeferenced.

A relative accuracy of +/- 10 meter means that the positions within the geodata
does not differ more than 10 meters. It is a measurement of the internal geometry.
The relative accuracy depends on how good the different sources are, for example
satellite images.

As a consequence, a geodata layer can have a very good relative accuracy (internal
geometry) but a poor absolute accuracy, being inaccurately placed on the Earth.

The concept of accuracy applies to both vector and raster data.

Resolution
The resolution is simply the size of the pixels or bins that constitutes a raster image.
This size can be arbitrarily chosen and does not necessary reflect the accuracy of the
data. Resolution applies only for raster data.

As mentioned above the resolution does not necessarily have anything to do with
the accuracy of the data. The following can be used as an example; a geodata set
is produced from medium-resolution satellite images with a relative accuracy of 20
meters. The features are captured as vector lines. The vectors are then rasterized
with a pixel size of 20 meters to reflect the source data. This data will then have a
resolution of 20 meters.

Now, if this data is re-sampled to 10 meters resolution, the resulting geodata will
not contain any additional information compared to the 20 meters data. The only

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About Geodata Geodata

result will be 4 times more pixels (data) to work with. A higher resolution does not
guarantee a higher accuracy.

Figure 28 A re-sample of data from 20 meters to 10 meters resolution does not


result in more information or better accuracy.
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Cell Planning with Geodata About Geodata

Cell Planning with Geodata


Geographical information is a critical factor for wireless network planning. The
planning and propagation predictions in TEMS CellPlanner should be based on the
best available geographical data. The data needs to be updated and should reflect
the true on-ground situation. The level of detail and the accuracy has to be on the
right level for the projects using the geodata.

There are many geodata products and vendors on the market. It is often difficult to
choose the right type of data for the project at hand. How does a planner see the
quality of the data? Outdated or imprecise geodata can result in erroneous
predictions or a misleading planning.

Recommended Resolutions
This section describes the recommended resolutions for different scenarios.

Regional Data
A regional dataset with a resolution of about 60m is suitable for wireless planning
in rural areas and wider areas, for example to cover parts of a country or a whole
country. The data is based on topographical maps at 1:100 000 1:200 000 scale
and entirely or partially updated with satellite images. The advantage of using 60m
resolution is to reduce the amount of data but still cover a large area and to get an
acceptable level of detail. At this level it is possible to differentiate between a few
urban classes and some vegetation classes as well as water and open areas.

City Data
The city dataset with 10-20m resolution is suitable when designing radio networks
and transport networks for an urban area. The data is based on satellite images
from medium-resolution satellites and topographical maps (e.g. 1:25 000- 1:100
000). In 20m resolution, different urban areas are well represented. It is possible to
classify urban areas of different density and structure.

High-resolution Data with Building Heights


For a very detailed planning in an urban environment the use of high-resolution
geodata (1-5m) with building height data greatly improves the result. The building
data is normally captured from high-resolution satellite images and represented as
box shaped houses. The building data, just like the terrain data, is stored as raster
data.

A mix of the above mentioned data types would give a strong geographical
foundation for a successful wireless network design. With 60 meter data for a
whole country, 10-20 meter data over the major cities and high-resolution building

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About Geodata Cell Planning with Geodata

data for the central parts of 1-2 important cities one is well-equipped to meet any
planning challenges.

Known Difficulties
The geodetic parameters can cause some confusion for the TEMS CellPlanner user
if not handled correctly. It is important to know which reference systems are used
for the geodata when importing it into TEMS CellPlanner. If not it can result in a
mismatch of positions. An example is when geodata and imported site positions
have coordinates in different reference systems.

Another common problem is different height references. Most topographical maps


and digital geodata use the geoid as reference for the heights. However many
satellite positioning systems use an ellipsoid as reference instead. In the case of the
GPS system, it is WGS-84 ellipsoid. This means that the same spot can have two
different height values.
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TEMS CellPlanner Geodata Concepts and Glossary About Geodata

TEMS CellPlanner Geodata Concepts and Glossary


TEMS CellPlanner introduces a number of geodata related terms and concepts that
you need to understand to use geodata in a proper way in the tool. This chapter
defines and describes the most important of those terms, as well as some basic
geodata terms.

bin
A raster data element carrying one value (pixel) of multiple values. A multi-value bin
includes an array of values, for example plot value, demographic value, and so
forth. You can define your own bin size, but usually the bin size is defined in relation
to the map data resolution, for example, 5 x 5 meters or 20 x 20 meters.

A bin is the smallest unit for which cell planning can be done. See Glossary in the
TEMS CellPlanner Common Features Users Guide for a definition from the cell
planning perspective.

conversion
Change of map format with or without changing the map data representation.

The following conversions can be done during importing or preprocessing:

raster to raster
vector to vector
vector to raster

The following conversions can be done when Exporting Map Data:

raster to vector
raster to image
raster to raster
vector to vector

coordinate system
See reference system.

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About Geodata TEMS CellPlanner Geodata Concepts and Glossary

DMS
Degree-Minute-Second. Representation of a coordinate reference system, of syntax
DDMMSS.ss.

Alternative representations:

East/North (meter)
Decimal (DD.ddddd)

demographic data
See demographics map type.

EriMap
The GIS in TEMS CellPlanner is named EriMap.

feature
In the geodata context, a feature is digital information about an object with a
geographical location, such as building, river, forest, road, railway and similar.

(In a TEMS CellPlanner installation context, a feature is a well-defined functionality


selected or not selected to be installed).

GeoBox
A map format with different map types separated in map layers, where each map
layer has its own map data representation.

Geographic Information System (GIS)


Software handling geodata. The TEMS CellPlanner GIS is named EriMap.

geodata
Digital geographical data
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TEMS CellPlanner Geodata Concepts and Glossary About Geodata

geographic
A geographic coordinate reference system does not have any Projection and is
named LoLa, where Lo = longitude and La = latitude.
Example: SRTM elevation data with coordinate system WGS-84 (LoLa).

map data
The TEMS CellPlanner term for geodata, described by its:

map data representation


map type

map data representation


How map data is represented in data structures. TEMS CellPlanner supports the
following representations:

raster data
vector data
text data

map format
The type of map data distinguished by its file extension(s). The map formats
recognized by TEMS CellPlanner are listed in Supported Map Data Formats.

map layer
A layer of a certain map type, selectable for display and/or predictions as described
in Working with Maps and Map Layers.

map type
The content of the map data, represented as a map layer. The map types supported
by TEMS CellPlanner vary slightly between different map formats.

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About Geodata TEMS CellPlanner Geodata Concepts and Glossary

The table below shows the supported map types and the icons used for source and
target files including these map types:

Map type Description


landuse / LandUse (GeoBox name) data is stored as two-dimensional
clutter matrices of grid cells. Each cell contains a value representing a
landuse code for the area covered by the landuse category.
Clutter (Planet DMS name) data is stored in a binary raster format
as a meter grid even. The coordinates can be viewed in latitude/
longitude.
elevation / Elevation (GeoBox name) data is stored as two-dimensional
heights matrices of grid cells. Each cell contains a value corresponding to
an elevation above mean sea-level for the area covered by the
cell.
Heights (Planet DMS name) data is stored in a binary raster
format as a meter grid. The coordinates can be viewed in latitude/
longitude.
vector GeoBox vector data is points, lines and areas where each point or
node is stored as a pair of coordinates, easting and northing.
Planet DMS vector (line) data describes roads, railways, coastlines
and similar. Stored either in ASCII text files or in a proprietary
binary format.
text Text data consists of ASCII data such as town names, city names,
and so forth. Stored as a line of text followed by the easting and
northing of the text.

images / Images (GeoBox name) or backdrop (Planet DMS name) data can
backdrop be satellite images, aerial photos or scanned maps, stored as two-
dimensional matrices, either in a GeoBox formatted database or
in standard image format such as TIFF.

buildings / Buildings (GeoBox name) or building (Planet DMS name) data is


building used for microcell planning. Stored as two-dimensional matrices
of grid cells.

traffic Traffic (GeoBox name) describes demographic and statistical


distribution of live traffic. Stored as raster.

demographics Demographics (demographic data) describes the population


density of a certain demographic category, such as income, age,
education level, or mobility. Measured in individuals per square
kilometer. Stored as multi-resolution raster.
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TEMS CellPlanner Geodata Concepts and Glossary About Geodata

MRR
Multiple Resolution Raster, see multiple resolution.

MRV
Vector format for multiple levels of detail for efficient zoom in and out. Mandatory
format for vector and text data in computers with 64 bits JVM.

multi-attribute vector
Vector source data including multiple attributes, where each attribute describes the
characteristics of an object.

multi-resolution
See multiple resolution.

multi-valued raster
Internal representation of raster data with multiple values per bin, for example
demographic data values and plot values.

multiple dataset
Multiple dataset map data is a combination of more than one source database.

multiple resolution
Also called multi-resolution.

Multiple resolution raster data is an MRR database converted from raster source
databases of different resolutions. Example: A source database of resolution 20m
can be combined with a source database of resolution 5m, resulting in a multi-
resolution target database of 20m+5m.

If the MRR database origins from a single source database, the resolution in the
target MRR database is the same as in the source database.

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About Geodata TEMS CellPlanner Geodata Concepts and Glossary

pixel
A single-valued bin.

raster data
A map data representation modeling geographic objects as arrays of pixel values.

reference system
A combination of a 3D ellipsoid, a datum and a projection representing the earth.
A predefined reference system in TEMS CellPlanner is called a coordinate system.

reprojection
See transformation.

single-valued raster
Internal representation of raster data with only one value per bin, for example
landuse, elevation, or image.

source database
A single map data file including all data and metadata, such as coordinate system
and resolution. A source database includes information about one map type only.
When browsing folders from the import and preprocessing procedures, TEMS
CellPlanner detects a source database by reading its contents, and presents it as a
map type dependent icon in the browser.

Map data possible to open as source database can be used for predictions.
Exception: The current version of TEMS CellPlanner does not support demographics
source database as input to predictions.

The preprocessing procedure can convert multiple source databases of the same
map type to MRR, at the same time, or by adding a source database to an existing
MRR target database.

The map formats possible to open as source database are listed in Supported Map
Data Formats.
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TEMS CellPlanner Geodata Concepts and Glossary About Geodata

source files
A set of files of the same map type, or a single file. When browsing folders from the
import and preprocessing procedures, TEMS CellPlanner detects source files by their
extension.

The map formats possible to open as source files are listed in Supported Map Data
Formats.

text data
A map data representation applicable in computers with 32 bits JVM.
For 32 bits JVM, text data may be converted to vector data of MRV format.
For 64 bits JVM, text data must be converted to vector data of MRV format.

transformation
Change of coordinate reference system. Also called reprojection.

vector data
A map data representation modeling geographic objects by geometric shape and
lists of data attributes. Also called object data.

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3
Providing Map Data to TEMS CellPlanner Users

This chapter describes how to provide map data (geodata) for viewing and use in
predictions in TEMS CellPlanner.

The intended reader is an administrator of map data.

Topics Page

Map Data Administrators Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2


Required and Recommended Map Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
Do TEMS CellPlanner Clients use 32 Bits or 64 Bits JVM? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
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Map Data Administrators Process Providing Map Data to TEMS CellPlanner Users

Map Data Administrators Process


As an administrator of map data you must ensure that the map data to use in TEMS
CellPlanner is available in the expected format.

A large number of map formats can be used as source data, some of them requiring
conversion to other formats. For a complete survey, see Supported Map Data
Formats on page 9-2.

To provide map data to TEMS CellPlanner users, follow the process below:

1. Read Cell Planning with Geodata on page 2-14.


2. Acquire the map data from your map data provider, considering
Recommended Resolutions on page 2-14.
3. Store the map data files on the computer(s) dedicated for map data. If the map
data is of format Planet DMS, ensure you follow the naming rules, see Planet
DMS (EET/Planet) and Asset Folder Naming Rules on page 9-7.
4. For each source database and for all source files, plan the target map formats,
map data representations and coordinate reference systems.
5. Plan for conversion and/or transformation of the map data.
6. Choose the suitable method(s):
- Convert Raster Data to MRR
- Convert Vector or Text Data to MRV
- Convert Demographic Data to MRR
- Advanced Import of Map Data
- Transform Map Data (reproject only, no format change)
You can perform transformation during converson.

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Providing Map Data to TEMS CellPlanner Users Required and Recommended Map Formats

Required and Recommended Map Formats


The required and recommended map formats depend on the expected use of the
map data. As an administrator of map data you must find out the following:

Do TEMS CellPlanner Clients use 32 Bits or 64 Bits JVM?


Will the map data be used for predictions, or for viewing only?

When you know the needs for all TEMS CellPlanner clients that will use the map
data, plan for conversion to the desired format according to the following table:

Map data representation


JVM Raster Vector Text
32 bits MRR format required for map types:
landuse
heights
Any vector Any text
demographic data
format format
For all other map types, MRR format is allowed allowed
recommended for good performance in
zoom-out speed, level of details in viewing,
and calculations.
64 bits MRR format required MRV format required

Note: Demographic data (MRR) can be displayed as a map layer but is not
considered in predictions in the current TEMS CellPlanner version.
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Do TEMS CellPlanner Clients use 32 Bits or 64 Bits JVM? Providing Map Data to TEMS CellPlanner Users

Do TEMS CellPlanner Clients use 32 Bits or 64 Bits JVM?


The computer hosting the TEMS CellPlanner Client (that will use the map data) has
an operating system compiled for 32 or 64 bits addressing range.

When installing the TEMS CellPlanner Client, the installation program checks the
addressing range of the operating system and selects to install the appropriate Java
Machine (JVM), for 32 bits or 64 bits.

With a 64 bits JVM installed, you must convert all vector and text data to MRV,
otherwise the TEMS CellPlanner Client can not read it.

If you do not know if 32 or 64 bits addressing range is used by the operating system
where the TEMS CellPlanner Client is installed, do as follows:

1. Open a browser explorer.


2. Locate the TEMS CellPlanner installation folder.
The default name of the installation folder is C:\Program Files\Ascom\TEMS
Products\TEMS CellPlanner 8.x.y, but the real location is selected during
installation.
3. If the folder jre64 is present in the installation folder, 64 bits JVM is used.
Otherwise, 32 bits JVM is used.

Note: The folder jre32 is always present.

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4
Importing and Converting Map Data

Describes how to import or preprocess map data and convert it to a new format
and/or data representation, and how to transform (reproject) map data. Examples
of import with conversions are described in the procedures.

The intended reader is an administrator of map data.

Topics Page

View Map Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2


Tools for Import of Map Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Preprocessing Raster Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
Preprocessing Vector Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
Preprocessing Demographic Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Advanced Importing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-5
Convert Raster Data to MRR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Preprocess Planet DMS Raster Data, Convert to MRR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-6
Convert Vector or Text Data to MRV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Preprocess Planet DMS Vector Data, Convert to MRV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-13
Convert Demographic Data to MRR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Demographic Data Preprocessing Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-16
Convert MapInfo MIF/MID with Demographics to MRR. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-17
Translate Landuse Codes to Demographics, Store as MRR. . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-20
Advanced Import of Map Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-24
Transform Map Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-25
Notification Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
Select Notification Method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
Enable Notification at Import . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-27
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View Map Data Importing and Converting Map Data

View Map Data


Before import you should examine your source data to verify that it has the
expected characteristics.

After import you can also examine your target data for the same reason.

Prerequisites
You have access to map data.

Procedure
Do as follows to examine the map data:

1. Select FileMap dataView map data... to display the Map data details
window.
2. Select Open database to examine a source database, or Open map file to
examine source files.
3. In the Map data details window, select the map data to examine, and click
Open. The window is updated with map data organized in tabs. Exactly which
tabs appear depend on the type and contents of the map data.
4. In tab Definitions you find data type, map type, and coordinate system.
5. In tab Coordinates you can check the N/W/E/S coordinates and topo size in
meters, as well as the accuracy in east, north and Z, if defined. For raster data
you can check the resolution(s).
6. In tab Map view you can graphically display the map data.
7. In tab File structure, you can check attributes in vector map data.
8. In tab Bin statistics you can analyze statistics of raster data.
9. In tab Vector statistics you can analyze statistics of vector data.

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Importing and Converting Map Data Tools for Import of Map Data

Tools for Import of Map Data


Once you know the Required and Recommended Map Formats you can use the
map converting tools of the TEMS CellPlanner Client to convert your map data.

Preprocessing and importing map data are similar methods for conversion and/or
transformation of map data, but they are used for different purposes and have
different limitations, as described below. The methods are implemented as separate
tools started from the FileMap data menu:

Importing

Preprocessing

Comparison Between Preprocessing and Advanced Import


Preprocessing is the recommended method for target format MRR or MRV, as it is
easier to use than advanced import.

Advanced Import is the most flexible method as it can perform all combinations of
conversions, except for the case where demographic data is included in the map
data.

None of these methods modifies the source data, unless target data is set to the
same as source data.

Both methods allow different resolutions and coordinate systems in multiple source
data when merging to one target.

Study the requirements and limitations in the following overviews to find which
method that best suits your needs:

Preprocessing Raster Data


Preprocessing Vector Data
Preprocessing Demographic Data
Advanced Importing

Preprocessing Raster Data


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The tool Preprocess raster data ...

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Tools for Import of Map Data Importing and Converting Map Data

converts raster data to MRR


is used mainly for migration to 64 bits JVM
must be used for
- conversion of raster source data from multiple datasets*
- conversion of raster source data of different resolutions*
- addition of raster source data to existing MRR database*
requires source database as input
source and target must be of the same map type:
- clutter to clutter (landuse to landuse)
- elevation to elevation
- image to image
- buildings to buildings
- traffic to traffic
*) cannot import demographics in the current TEMS CellPlanner version, use
instead Convert Demographic Data to MRR.

The use of this tool is described in Convert Raster Data to MRR.

Preprocessing Vector Data


The tool Preprocess vector data ...

converts vector or text data to MRV


is used only for migration to 64 bits JVM
must be used for
- conversion of vector or text source data from multiple datasets*
- conversion of vector source data of different resolutions*
- addition of vector or text source data to existing MRV database*
requires source database as input
source and target must be of the same map type:
- vector to vector
- text to text
*) cannot import demographics in the current TEMS CellPlanner version, use
instead Convert Demographic Data to MRR.

The use of this tool is described in Convert Vector or Text Data to MRV.

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Importing and Converting Map Data Tools for Import of Map Data

Preprocessing Demographic Data


The tool Preprocess demographic data ...

must be used to import demographic data


requires single-valued raster source database or multi-attribute vector source
files as source data
translates raster data into demographics and stores as MRR
reads vector data including demographic data and converts to MRR
stores target as MRR including one or more demographics categories
can only merge map data of the same map type and map data representation
into the same target

The use of this tool is described in Convert Demographic Data to MRR.

Advanced Importing
The tool Import wizard...

must be used for conversion and/or transformation of:


- source files to source database as an intermediate step before preprocessing
- one map data representation to another, like vector to raster
- any other target map format than MRR or MRV
cannot import demographics in the current TEMS CellPlanner version, use
instead Convert Demographic Data to MRR.

The use of this tool is described in Advanced Import of Map Data.


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Convert Raster Data to MRR Importing and Converting Map Data

Convert Raster Data to MRR


The preferred method for conversion of raster map data to MRR is preprocessing
with the Preprocess raster data tool.

Example: Preprocess Planet DMS Raster Data, Convert to MRR.

Exception: To convert raster data into demographics, see instead Convert


Demographic Data to MRR.

See also:

Required and Recommended Map Formats on page 3-3 about reasons to


convert to MRR.
Supported Map Data Formats on page 9-2 for a complete survey of source and
target map formats.
Advanced Importing on page 4-5, an alternative method allowing conversion
of one source database by importing to GeoBox and select MRR as target
format.

Preprocess Planet DMS Raster Data, Convert to MRR


This example shows conversion of Planet DMS clutters to MRR.

Prerequisites
The source data to convert to MRR must be possible to open as source
database, otherwise you must first perform Advanced Import of Map Data.
If your source database(s) is of format Planet DMS, do as follows:
- Create the appropriate coordinate reference system, see Add Coordinate
System on page 6-6
- Ensure that the folders of the source database(s) are correctly named, see
Planet DMS (EET/Planet) and Asset Folder Naming Rules on page 9-7

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Importing and Converting Map Data Convert Raster Data to MRR

Procedure
1. Select FileMap dataPreprocess raster data to display the Preprocess raster
data wizard, as shown in the following example:

2. Ensure the Advanced option is cleared.

Note: Select the Advanced option only if you want to manually select display
order of two or more source databases of different resolutions. This is
normally not needed, as the map data of the finest resolution by default
will be displayed on top of the map data of coarser resolution. As an
example, if you select two clutter source databases of resolution 5m and
20m respectively, the one with 5m resolution will be displayed on top of
the one with 20m resolution.
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Convert Raster Data to MRR Importing and Converting Map Data

3. Click Add to open the Select source map database browser and locate source
database folder(s). You see that the map data is recognized as source database
if the folder name is preceded by a raster map type icon:

4. Select the source database(s) to convert to MRR and click Open.

Note: You must select database(s) of raster map type only. If you select more
than one source database, they must all be of the same map type,
otherwise you can not proceed with the preprocessing.

5. The Select source map database is closed and the Preprocess raster data wizard
window displays the added source databases, their respective resolution and -

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Importing and Converting Map Data Convert Raster Data to MRR

not for Planet DMS - coordinate system. The source database with the finest
resolution appears at the top of the list, as in the following example:

6. Select coordinate reference system, see Transform Map Data on page 4-25.
7. Click Next. If you have selected the Advanced option, two buttons Raise and
Lower appear, so you can change the order of appearance of the layers, and
select which layer to align with.
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Convert Raster Data to MRR Importing and Converting Map Data

8. You can now change the alignment and order. The Preprocess raster data
wizard is updated at the left side of the window, as follows:

9. If required, change the alignment resolution in the Align with column. Read
about alignment in Alignment of Multiple Resolutions on page 9-8.

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10. Click Next. A window is displayed so you can select a coordinate system and
file path name for the target MRR file, as in the following example:

11. Select the target coordinate system from the list of predefined coordinate
reference systems. By default the coordinate system of the source database is
selected and displayed. You may choose a different coordinate system than the
one used in the source data.
12. Select the location for the target MRR database. Enter a name for a new target
file or select an existing file. A new file automatically has the extension .mrr.
If you select an existing file, you have these options:
- Overwrite: The contents of the existing file are deleted entirely, and the result
is the same as if it was a new file.
- Update: The contents of the existing file are updated with new data. Valid
areas from the source data will overwrite corresponding areas in the target
file. The existing data outside these areas remain intact.
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Convert Raster Data to MRR Importing and Converting Map Data

13. Click Finish. The following window is displayed:

14. Optionally select Notify to be notified according to the Notification Settings


when the import completes.
15. Click Start to begin the conversion. The window displays the status of the
conversion process. All source map data is converted to the selected MRR
target file.
16. It is recommended to store a text file together with the MRR database
describing the original raster databases and the coordinate reference system
used in the MRR database.
17. Repeat the procedure for all raster databases.

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Importing and Converting Map Data Convert Vector or Text Data to MRV

Convert Vector or Text Data to MRV


The preferred method for conversion of to MRV is preprocessing with the
Preprocess vector data tool.

Example: Preprocess Planet DMS Vector Data, Convert to MRV.

Exception: To convert vector data with demographics to MRV, see instead Convert
Vector or Text Data to MRV.

See also:

Required and Recommended Map Formats on page 3-3 about reasons to


convert to MRV.
Supported Map Data Formats on page 9-2 for a complete survey of source and
target map formats.
Advanced Importing on page 4-5, an alternative method allowing import to
GeoBox and selecting MRV as target format.

Preprocess Planet DMS Vector Data, Convert to MRV


This example shows how to convert Planet DMS vector map data to MRV.

Prerequisites
The source data to convert to MRV must be possible to open as source
database, otherwise you must first perform Advanced Import of Map Data.
If your source database is of format Planet DMS, she folders must be correctly
named, see Planet DMS (EET/Planet) and Asset Folder Naming Rules on page
9-7
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Convert Vector or Text Data to MRV Importing and Converting Map Data

Procedure
1. Select FileMap dataPreprocess vector data. The Update target database
window is opened as in the following example:

2. Select the source vector database of type vector or text. You know that the
map data is possible to preprocess if the folder name is preceded by a vector
map type icon, as in the following example:

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Importing and Converting Map Data Convert Vector or Text Data to MRV

3. Select the location for the target MRV database. Enter a name for a new target
file or select an existing file. A new file automatically has the extension .mrv.
If you select an existing file it will be overwritten.
4. Optionally select Notify to be notified according to the Notification Settings
when the import completes.
5. Click Start. If the map data does not have any associated coordinate reference
system, the Select map coordinate system is opened.
6. Select coordinate reference system for the target MRV database and click OK.
The Select map coordinate system window is closed and the conversion begins.
A progress bar displays the status of the conversion.
7. When the conversion is successfully completed, the number of converted
objects are displayed.
8. Repeat the procedure for all vector databases to convert to MRV.
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Convert Demographic Data to MRR Importing and Converting Map Data

Convert Demographic Data to MRR


Demographic data, also called demographics, are valuable planning input about
where users of a certain radio technology are located, and which services and bit
rates they might be interested in. Demographics can be based on marketing polls
or assumptions, and may be included in acquired map data, or entered manually by
the TEMS CellPlanner map data administrator.

The current version of TEMS CellPlanner supports display of demographics in MRR


format, but demographics are not yet considered in predictions.

Use the Preprocess demographic data tool to convert demographics to MRR.

See also:

Required and Recommended Map Formats on page 3-3 about reasons to


convert to MRR.
Supported Map Data Formats on page 9-2 for a complete survey of source and
target map formats.

Demographic Data Preprocessing Scenarios


The foreseen import scenarios of demographic data are as follows:

A. Convert Vector Data with Demographics to MRR


This is the recommended scenario as it is accurate and time efficient, with
demographics already embedded in the source data by the vendor.

In this scenario you import multi-attribute vector source files where each source file
includes one or more demographic attributes (like age, income, mobility) with
numeric values representing number of individuals per square kilometer. During
preprocessing, you map selected attributes to demographic categories.

Contact TEMS Support for information on how to acquire map data including
demographics.

Example: Convert MapInfo MIF/MID with Demographics to MRR.

B. Translate Raster Data to Demographics, Convert to MRR


This is an alternative scenario to the recommended one. It is cheaper but requires
more effort by the map data administrator and is probably less accurate as you must
manually enter the demographic data or rely on default values.

Here you use single-valued raster source database, where each source database
includes one qualitative raster data type with values possible to translate into a
population density of a certain demographic category. TEMS CellPlanner
automatically maps the raster data values into number of individuals per square

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Importing and Converting Map Data Convert Demographic Data to MRR

kilometer. You can edit the mapping if you are not satisfied with the default
settings.

Example: Translate Landuse Codes to Demographics, Store as MRR

Convert MapInfo MIF/MID with Demographics to MRR


This example shows conversion of MapInfo MIF/MID vector data including
demographic data to MRR format.

Prerequisites
You have access to multi-attribute vector source files.
The source data already includes demographic attributes with values in number
of individuals per square kilometer.
If you will add imported source data to an already existing target database, you
must find out the coordinate system and resolution of the target database, and
reuse the same settings during preprocessing.

Process
The conversion wizard includes the following steps:

Part I: Select Source Data


Part II: Define Target Parameters
Part III: Assign Category
Part IV: Update Target Database

Part I: Select Source Data


Do as follows to select the source data including demographic data attributes:

1. Select FileMap dataPreprocess demographic data... to display the


Preprocess demographic maps wizard window.
2. Click Source Files to open the Open map file(s) window.
3. Select the vector map type source file(s) including demographic data. If you
select more than one source file they must all be of the same map type,
otherwise you can not proceed.
4. Click Open. The wizard window lists the selected database(s).
5. To view available attributes, highlight the source data, click View and select tab
File structure. You will later map these attributes to categories visualized in the
map display.
6. Click Next.
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Convert Demographic Data to MRR Importing and Converting Map Data

Part II: Define Target Parameters


All target parameters must be defined, you can otherwise not proceed. Do as
follows to define the target parameters:

7. The wizard window initially displays the demographic categories used in


previous runs of the wizard and the coordinate system of the source data.
8. Add or remove Categories as desired.
9. Select target Coordinate system, see Transform Map Data.
10. Click on at the Target path, browse to the folder where the target data
shall be placed, enter the target file name, and click Open. The wizard window
is updated with the target path.
11. Enter a Resolution and press TAB.

Note: If the imported data will be added to an existing target database, the
target resolution will not be changed whatever you enter here.

12. The result might look as in the following example:

13. Click Next.

Part III: Assign Category


Do as follows to assign a category to each source file:

14. The wizard window displays a list of selected source data and an empty default
category column.

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Importing and Converting Map Data Convert Demographic Data to MRR

15. For each source data, click in its Default category field to list available
categories, and select a default category. You may select different categories
for different source data. You must select a default category for each source
data, otherwise you cannot proceed.
The default category will appear on the map display the first time you include
this demographics as a map layer.
16. Click Edit and assign each attribute in the source data to a category as in the
following example:

17. Click OK to return to the wizard window.


18. Click Finish.

Part IV: Update Target Database


Do as follows to update the target MRR database with the demographic data.

19. After the previous step, the Update window was displayed:

Target file

Progress bar

Notify option

20. Optionally select Notify to be notified according to the Notification Settings


when the import completes.
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Convert Demographic Data to MRR Importing and Converting Map Data

21. Click Start to begin the conversion. If the target database already exists the
following warning is displayed:

22. Select the appropriate choice. If you overwrite data, the original target
database is first copied to a backup file in the same folder.
23. The window displays the conversion progress. All map data is converted to
MRR and saved in the target database.
24. To examine the converted data, click View. See View Map Data.
25. It is recommended to store a text file together with the MRR database. This text
file should describe the source raster data and the coordinate reference system
used in the target MRR database.

You can now include demographic data as a map layer on the map display.

Translate Landuse Codes to Demographics, Store as MRR


This example shows how to translate landuse codes into individuals per square
kilometer and store in MRR format.

Prerequisites
The source data to convert to MRR must be possible to open as single-valued
raster source database. If your source data is not structured as source database
you must first perform Advanced Import of Map Data.
If you will add imported source data to an already existing target database, you
must find out the coordinate system and resolution of the target database, and
reuse the same settings during preprocessing.

Process
The conversion wizard includes the following steps:

Part I: Select Source Data


Part II: Define Target Parameters
Part III: Assign Category and Translate to Demographics
Part IV: Update Target Database

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Importing and Converting Map Data Convert Demographic Data to MRR

Part I: Select Source Data


Do as follows to select the source data to translate to demographic data:

1. Select FileMap dataPreprocess demographic data... to display the


Preprocess demographic maps wizard window.
2. Click Source DB to open the Open database window.
3. Select the raster map type database(s) to use as source. If you select more than
one source database they must all be of the same map type, otherwise you can
not proceed.
4. Click Open. The wizard window lists the selected database(s).
5. Click Next.

Part II: Define Target Parameters


All target parameters must be defined, you can otherwise not proceed. Do as
follows to define the target parameters.

6. The wizard window initially displays the demographic categories used in


previous runs of the wizard, the coordinate system of the source data, and the
finest resolution of the source data.
7. Add or remove Categories as desired.
8. Select target Coordinate system, see Transform Map Data.
9. Click on at the Target path, browse to the folder where the target data
shall be placed, enter the target file name, and click Open. The wizard window
is updated with the target path.
10. Optionally modify the Resolution and press TAB.

Note: If the imported data will be added to an existing target database, the
target resolution will not be changed whatever you enter here.
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Convert Demographic Data to MRR Importing and Converting Map Data

11. The result might look as in the following example:

12. Click Next.

Part III: Assign Category and Translate to Demographics


Do as follows to assign a category to each database and view/edit the demographic
data:

13. The wizard window displays a list of selected source data and an empty
category column.
14. For each source data, click in its Category field to list available categories, and
select a category. You may select different categories for different source data.
You must select a category for each source data, otherwise you cannot
proceed.

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Importing and Converting Map Data Convert Demographic Data to MRR

15. Click Edit to view the default mapping of raster data value to corresponding
demographic data value, in this example landuse code translated to number of
individuals per square kilometer:

16. Modify the values if needed and click OK to return to the wizard window.

Note: The values you enter will be included in the target MRR file even if you
cannot view them. If you select Edit again, you will reload the default
values and lose the values you just entered.

17. Click Finish.

Part IV: Update Target Database


See Part IV: Update Target Database on page 4-19.
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Advanced Import of Map Data Importing and Converting Map Data

Advanced Import of Map Data


TEMS CellPlanner can only use map data for display and predictions if the source
data meets the requirements in Required and Recommended Map Formats.

Besides the straight-forward and easy-to-use preprocessing tools, you can - and in
some cases must - use the import tool described in the TEMS CellPlanner Map
Import Wizard Users Guide.
Refer to Tools for Import of Map Data on page 4-3 for an overview and comparison
of the tools, and for information on what kind of source data that must be imported
using the import tool.

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Importing and Converting Map Data Transform Map Data

Transform Map Data


You might need to change coordinate system and optionally shift geodetic datum
of your map data. This is called transformation or reprojection.

The main reason to transform the map data is to apply the same coordinate system
to different source data, merged into the same MRR target.

Note that the target coordinate system selected here:

will be used in predictions


will not be used on the map display

The map display uses the coordinate system in your Project settings. See chapter
Setting up Projects in the TEMS CellPlanner Common Features Users Guide.

Prerequisites
If the source data is geographic, you shall maintain the unprojected coordinate
reference system during the import. Example: Starting with SRTM map data with
WGS-84 (LoLa) coordinate reference system, you first convert it by import and
convert to GeoBox, still with WGS-84 (LoLa). In the next step you preprocess the
GeoBox WGS-84 (LoLa) and transform it to MRR WGS84-UTM.

Reasons to Select or Not Select Coordinate System


If the source database is of map format Planet DMS you must select a
coordinate system.
If the source database is of map format GeoBox, do not select a coordinate
system for it, since this info is already in the GeoBox database.
All other map formats must have a coordinate system.
If the source data shall be added to an already existing target, you must select
the same coordinate system as in the target.
If you have selected source databases with different coordinate systems, you
do not need to take any action. The source databases are automatically
reprojected to the coordinate system of the target database.

Procedure
1. Initiate Preprocessing Raster Data, Preprocessing Demographic Data or
Advanced Importing.
2. Select target coordinate system if needed, see Reasons to Select or Not Select
Coordinate System.
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Transform Map Data Importing and Converting Map Data

3. The Select map coordinate system window is displayed as in the following


example:

4. With Use UTM reference system selected, you can also change the geodetic
datum.
5. Select DMS representation if desired.
6. Click OK to close the window.
7. Proceed with the preprocessing or advanced import.

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Importing and Converting Map Data Notification Settings

Notification Settings
Instead of waiting for map data import or export to complete, you can select to be
notified at completion by SMS, e-mail or a sound, or a combination of those
notification methods.

Select Notification Method


Do as follows to select notification method:

1. Select FileMap dataNotification settings... to open the Notify by mail/SMS/


sound settings window:

2. To be notified by SMS, select the option Send SMS to, enter the phone number,
and the SMS mail server name or IP address.
3. To be notified by e-mail, select the option Send mail to, enter the e-mail address
and the Mail server name or IP address.
4. To be notified by a sound, select the option Play sound file and enter or browse
the file name of the sound file.
5. Click OK. The notification settings are saved persistently.

Enable Notification at Import


As a last step in the Tools for Import of Map Data you can select option Notify to be
notified when the import completes. You will then be alerted according to your
settings in Select Notification Method.
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5
Working with Maps and Map Layers

This chapter describes how to work with map layers and map tools in TEMS
CellPlanner projects.

Topics Page

About Map Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3


The Map Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Displaying Map Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Considering Map Layers in Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4
Suggested Map Layer Combinations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Land Use Prominent View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5
Elevation Prominent View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Image Prominent View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-6
Map Legends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Show or Hide Map Legend Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-8
Show or Hide Color Code Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Edit Legend Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Generate Screen Statistics Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-9
Map Display Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
View or Modify Coordinates Display Representation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-10
Add Map Layers for Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-11
Edit Map Layer Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-12
Change Overall Settings of the Map Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Center Map Display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
Hide and Show Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-14
Remove Map Layers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Add Polygon Map Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-15
Edit Elevation Layer Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-18
Edit Network Layer Properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-22
Edit Grid Layer Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-28
Edit Demographic Layer Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-30
Zoom and Pan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33
Zoom in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33
Zoom Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33
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Working with Maps and Map Layers

Cancel Zoom In or Zoom Out . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-33


Continuous Zoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-34
Pan the Map Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-34
Map Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-35
Store Favorite Map View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-35
Display Favorite Map Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-35
Display Last Map View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-35
Map Templates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-37
Save Map Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-37
Select Map Template . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-37
Map Viewing Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-38
Terrain Profiler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-38
Line of Sight. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-39
Compass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-41
Map Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-43
Select Rectangle Area. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-43
Select Polygon Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-43
Define Map Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-44
Center Map Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-45
Change Map Area Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-45
Map Colors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-46
Specify Map Colors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-46
Define Color Hues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-47
Define Hue Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-47
Printing Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-48
Print Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-48
Edit Map Printing Layout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-50

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Working with Maps and Map Layers About Map Layers

About Map Layers


TEMS CellPlanner allows you to combine an arbitrary number of map layers on The
Map Display and to include map layers in calculations.

Read more in Displaying Map Layers and Considering Map Layers in Calculations.

The Map Display


Each map layer is recognized by its name and icon. The color coding of each map
layer is shown in the legend panel. Layer specific values are shown on the status bar,
for the bin where the cursor is placed. The properties of each layer can be edited
from the Map properties window and from the legend panel.

The screenshot below includes the following layers: Plot (from LTE analysis),
demographics (covering part of the area), image, landuse, elevation, network layer
(with sites) and grid.

name
icon
legend

map display

status bar
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About Map Layers Working with Maps and Map Layers

Displaying Map Layers


Map layers are displayed on the The Map Display.

You control which layers to display from the Map properties window. Here you can
add, remove, hide, show and edit map layers and their order of appearance. See
Add Map Layers for Display.

Three types of map layers can be displayed:

Imported geodata map types, for example elevation, landuse, image


Overlaid layers: Grid, network layer with sites, polygons
Plots: Results from pathloss calculations or LTE / WCDMA /GSM / WiMAX
analysis

Note: To also use map layer geodata as input in calculations, you must explicitly
include the relevant map layers in the Project settings, see Considering
Map Layers in Calculations.

Considering Map Layers in Calculations


Map layers are included in pathloss predictions only if included in the Project
settings, as described in chapter Setting up Projects, section Add Map Layers to
Projects in the TEMS CellPlanner Common Features Users Guide.
Any map type except for demographics (limitation in current release) can be
considered in calculations.

Note: To also display map layers, you must explicitly select them for that
purpose, see Displaying Map Layers.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Suggested Map Layer Combinations

Suggested Map Layer Combinations


The following layer combinations provide different views using map data. Create
these combinations and then save them as favorite views. When you load a favorite
view, the Map properties window list changes immediately.

Land Use Prominent View


The land use prominent view shows the following layers:

Grid
Network
Landuse, lookup rendering, with transparency = 65%
Elevation, relief rendering, with saturation = 0 (gray)
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Suggested Map Layer Combinations Working with Maps and Map Layers

Elevation Prominent View


The elevation prominent view shows the following layers:

Grid
Network
Elevation, continuous rendering, with transparency = 70%
Elevation, relief

Notice that this view includes two different types of renderings of an elevation map.
The type of rendering is selected when you add the layer.

Image Prominent View


The image prominent view shows the following layers:

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Suggested Map Layer Combinations

Grid
Network
Image, with transparency = 50%
Landuse, with transparency = 50%
Elevation
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Map Legends Working with Maps and Map Layers

Map Legends
Plot results, landuse codes, traffic density, demographics and other map layers with
quantitative values are color coded on the map display. The Legend panel on the
left side of the map display shows per map layer the values or intervals of each color.

The screenshots below exemplify legends of landuse codes, plot values, and
demographics.

Show or Hide Map Legend Panel


To show or hide the legend panel you can either drag the line to the left of the map
display, or enable or disable ViewLegend.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Legends

Show or Hide Color Code Values


To show or hide color code values of a map layer, double-click on the map layer
object in the Legend panel.

Edit Legend Properties


You can modify map layer colors, ranges, transparency, rendering, and so on, from
the Legend panel.

Right-click in the Legend area of the map layer and select Edit to change the
properties window of the map layer.

Generate Screen Statistics Report


You can save the legend values in an MS Excel report, and optionally correlate to
values of another map layer.

Right-click in the legend area, select Statistics, and enter parameters as required.

Note that the screen statistics is based on the rendered plot resolution. The screen
statistics thus depend on the zoom level, as the zoom level affects the rendered
resolution.
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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

Map Display Properties


Use the procedures in this section to select which map layers to show, the rendering
to use per map layer, and the coordinate system to use for display.

View or Modify Coordinates Display Representation


Use this procedure to view an modify how coordinates are represented in map
displays, explorers, and importing and exporting coordinates to/from a project.

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesCoordinate display... The available coordinate


system representations appear in the Map coordinates display window, with
the current selection highlighted:

2. Select the desired coordinate system representation.


3. Click OK to save the changes and return to the Map properties window.

The following representations are available:

Coordinate system representation Displays coordinates in...


Local East/North, meter ...meters, using the coordinate
system of the map
Local Longitude and Latitude, DMS ... longitude and latitude in local
datum in Degrees Minutes Seconds
(sexagecimal representation)
Local Longitude and Latitude, decimal ... longitude and latitude in local
datum in degrees (decimal
representation)
WGS84 Longitude and Latitude, DMS ... longitude and latitude in WGS84
datum in Degrees Minutes Seconds
(sexagecimal representation)
WGS84 Longitude and Latitude, decimal ... longitude and latitude in WGS84
datum in degrees (decimal
representation)

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

Add Map Layers for Display


You can use the same map data in different map layers of different renderings. For
example, you can add a continuous rendered elevation map layer to the project in
addition to a relief rendered elevation map layer.

Follow these steps to add and select map layers to be displayed:

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesMap properties window or click . The


Map properties - Layers window appears.
2. Select the Layers tab.
3. Click Add layer to add new map layers for selection. The Select from project
maps window appears, listing the map layers in the Project settings, which will
be used for pathloss predictions. Select the map layers to add for display.
4. Optional: To display other map layers than the ones included in the Project
settings, click More... and select map layers from the map root directory.

Note: To include these map layers in pathloss predictions as well, see


Considering Map Layers in Calculations.

5. Optional: To display map layers located somewhere else than in the map root
directory, click Add external and select map layers from another folder.

Note: These map layers can not be used for pathloss predictions as they are not
located in the map root directory. See Considering Map Layers in
Calculations.

6. Use the check boxes to select map layers to display:

7. Click Apply to update the map display.


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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

8. Click OK to close the window.

Fields on Window Map properties - Layer


The following table describes the fields on the window:

Field Description
(list of map layers) Lists the loaded map layers
Add layer Add map layers from the map root directory
Add external Add map layers from an another folder than the map
root directory
Add grid Add grid layer to the map layers
Remove Remove layers
Edit Edits selected layer
Move up Move layers up in the display
Move Down Move layers down in the display

Edit Map Layer Properties


Follow these steps to edit display properties of individual map layers:

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesMap properties window or click .


2. Select the Layers tab. The so far added map layers are listed:

See button descriptions in Fields on Window Map properties - Layer.


3. Highlight the map layer you want to change and click Edit to display a window
for editing the map layer properties.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

4. Change the map layer properties as desired.


5. Click OK to save the changes and return to the Map properties window.

Change Overall Settings of the Map Display


Follow these steps to change the map display settings, such as scale, range, offset,
colors or rendering performance, or to center the map display.

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesMap properties window or click .


2. Click the Overall tab to view the map display settings.

3. Modify the settings as desired and click Apply to update the map display.
4. Click OK to save the settings and close the window.

Fields on the Window


The table below describes the fields on the Map properties - Overall window:

Field Description
AutoRange Updates the map display to an applicable scale and scope for
newly loaded layers.
Scale Map scale used for the loaded layers
Range (m) Scope in meters of the map layers used
Longitude (*) Longitude of the map layers
Latitude (*) Latitude of the map layers
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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

Field Description
Color Changes the color of the world background on which all layers
reside.
Performance Changes the speed of displaying layers, called rendering:
High quality rendering takes the longest
Fast rendering produces lower quality resolution
Normal rendering, compromise between speed and quality.

Center Map Display


Use this procedure to dimension the map display for all selected map layers.

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesMap properties window or click .


2. Click the Overall tab to display information to view the map display settings,
see Change Overall Settings of the Map Display.
3. Select AutoRange and click Apply to center the map around all map layers.

Alternatives:

To center around a site, open the Site explorer and select Locate in map.
To center around a polygon area, edit the polygon layer and select Center on
map. See Add Polygon Map Layer.

Hide and Show Layers


You might not want to display all layers in the map display at the same time. Instead
of removing the layer you can hide it.

To hide a layer do either of the following:

Clear the layers check box in the Map properties window and click Apply.
Right-click in the map display and select Hide layer<layer name>.

To show a layer, do either of the following:

Select the layers check box in the Map properties window and click Apply.
Right-click in the map display and select Show layer<layer name>.

Each map layer is opaque by default and obscures the layers beneath it. You can
modify the transparency and the order of the layers to emphasize the most
important layers.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

Remove Map Layers


Note: Instead of removing a layer you can hide it, see Hide and Show Layers.

To persistently remove a map layer, do as follows:

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesMap properties window or click .


2. Select the Layers tab.
3. Select a layer and click Remove.
4. Click Apply. The display is updated.

Add Polygon Map Layer


Use the polygon map layer function to display multiple areas or polygons at the
same time. The lines defining the polygons can be distinguished by changing line
properties like color and width, and line types. Any number of areas (polygons) can
be selected for the polygon layer.

Prerequisite
One or more areas must already be defined using MapArea editor.

Procedure
Follow these steps to add a polygon layer to the map display:

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesMap properties. The Map properties window


is displayed.
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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

2. Click Add polygon layer. The Edit polygon layer window is displayed showing
a list of predefined areas or polygons.

3. Select the areas and polygons to include in the polygon map layer. If you want
to select areas defined for all users of the project, select Shared area.
4. Optional step: To distinguish between areas more easily, you can edit the
properties of the lines used to display each area.
5. Select Center on map to center the polygon shapes and adapt the scale of the
map to fit all polygons in the map view.
6. Click OK when you are satisfied with the polygon layer settings. The Map
properties window is displayed again. Click OK to apply the polygon map layer
to the map display and close the Map properties window.

Fields on the Window


The following table describes the fields on the Edit Polygon Layer window:

Field Description
Name Your full name for the polygon layer
Short name Your short name for the polygon layer.
Transparency Controls visibility of the polygon layer in the map display
Polygons Names of areas available to display in the polygon layer. The
names are the names of areas you previously defined
Deselect all / Selects or deselects all areas listed
Select all

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

Field Description
Center on map Centers the polygon shapes and adapts the scale of the map
to fit all polygon shapes in the map view
User area Shows all areas defined by you
Shared area Shows all areas defined for all users of the project
Edit polygon Displays the Edit polygon properties window for the polygon
selected in the list
Show legend Displays the properties of the selected polygons in the map
legend

Polygon Properties
Use the Edit polygon properties window to change the style and color of the lines
displayed for each polygon
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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

Example: Polygon Layer in Map Display


The following example shows the polygon layer in the map display:

Polygon layer Polygons


in map legend

Edit Elevation Layer Properties


The elevation layer properties depend on the selected display method, that is, the
rendering. Do as follows to change the elevation layer properties:

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesMap properties window or click .


2. Select the Layers tab.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

3. Select an elevation layer and click Edit. The Edit Elevation window appears. The
upper part of the Edit Elevation window shows parameters common to all
display methods as in the following example:

4. Modify rendering independent parameters as required, see Elevation Layer


Properties - Rendering Independent.
5. Select desired Display method. The rendering specific parameters appear in the
lower part of the window as in the examples below:
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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

6. Modify the rendering specific parameters as required, see:


- Elevation Layer Properties - Contour Rendering
- Elevation Layer Properties - Continuous Rendering
- Elevation Layer Properties - Relief Rendering
- Elevation Layer Properties - Threshold Rendering
7. In the Map properties window, click Apply to update the map display.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

Elevation Layer Properties - Rendering Independent


The table below describes the display method independent elevation layer
properties:

Field Description
Name Full name of the elevation layer
Short name Abbreviated name of the elevation layer
Hi scale Upper scale used for the layer. Defines the high end of the
range in which height information is visible.
Lo scale Lowest scale used for the layer. Defines the low end of the
range in which height information is visible.
Transparency Transparency of the layer, by default set to 0%, making the
layer as opaque as possible on top of other layers. Move
the control to 70% to make the elevation layer only 30%
opaque
Saturation Depth of color used in the map. The amount of pure hue
in the color displayed, where the default is 100%. If set to
0%, the result is a grayscale color that can provide value
contrasts beneath a colored layer above, such as a landuse
layer.
Brightness The amount of light in the color, by default 100%.
Data source Search path for the map data
Display method The method used for displaying the layer: Contours
Show legend Displays the legend of the map layer
Show status bar Displays the Z coordinates on the status bar

Elevation Layer Properties - Contour Rendering


The table below describes the Contour rendered elevation layer properties:

Field Description
Equidistance Contour lines equidistance in meters
Auto Uses only active values when calculating equidistance, the
equidistance is automatically calculated.
Color Set color hues for map.
Minimum bin size In contour rendering, contour lines may, for some data,
look square. This problem is caused by over-sampled
elevation data, for example, when a 20m database is
created from a 50m database without interpolation.
Use this field to set a new minimum bin size for calculating
enhanced contour lines so that they appear rounded
instead of squared.
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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

Elevation Layer Properties - Continuous Rendering


The table below describes the Continuous rendered elevation layer properties:

Field Description
Minimum value Minimum Z value displayed
Maximum value Maximum Z value displayed
Auto Z-range Adjusts the Z range of the map display
Color Set color hue for map

Elevation Layer Properties - Relief Rendering


The table below describes the Relief rendered elevation layer properties:

Field Description
Azimuth Azimuth of the light source for the relief rendering.
Minimum value Minimum Z value displayed
Maximum value Maximum Z value displayed

Elevation Layer Properties - Threshold Rendering


The table below describes the Threshold rendered elevation layer properties:

Field Description
Min Minimum color variation for the map layer
Max Maximum color variation for the map layer
Color Color used on map layer.

Edit Network Layer Properties


Follow these steps to change network layer properties:

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesMap properties window.


2. Select the Layers tab.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

3. Highlight Network layer in the list of map layers, and click Edit. The Edit
Network layer window appears.

4. Change the layer properties as desired, see parameter descriptions on


subsequent pages.
Created by EBCCW 00:06

5. Click OK to save the changes and update the map display.

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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

Site Labels on Window Edit Network layer


Field Description
(Placement area) Sets the placement and contents of site labels. The
fields around the site symbol illustrates where the text
will be placed in the network layer map display in
relation to the site symbol. Selectable labels:
None - no label displayed
GSM RBS ID
GSM RBS name
LTE RBS name
Radio repeater name
Site name
WCDMA RBS name
WiMAX RBS name
WiMAX fixed subscriber name

In the example below, the network layer will place the


text as follows, in relation to the site symbol:
WCDMA RBS name to the west
(if the site includes a WCDMA RBS)
radio repeater name to the north
(if the site includes a radio repeater)
site name south-east of the site

Using the settings above, the map display might look


as in the example below. Here we have one WCDMA
site, one GSM site and one radio repeater site, where
parameter Display line connection repeater to donor
cell is set:

Suppress all Hides all site labels


Suppress above scale Hides site labels when map scale above this value

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

Transceiver Labels on Window Edit Network layer:


Field Description
GSM cells Selects GSM cell label, either of:
Cell name
Frequencies
None
GSM frequency options These fields are activated when you select Frequencies
as the GSM cell label.
Filter - range of visible frequencies
Layer - the GSM carrier layer, either of BCCH, BCCH
and BSIC, BCCH and TCH or TCH
WCDMA cells Selects WCDMA cell label, either of:
Cell name
Scrambling code
None
WiMAX cells Selects WiMAX cell label, either of:
Cell name
None
LTE cells Selects LTE cell label, either of:
Cell name
None
Radio repeaters Selects radio repeater label, either of:
Donor cell
None
Suppress all Hides all transceiver labels
Suppress above scale Hides transceiver labels when map scale exceeds this
value

LSA Fields on Window Edit Network layer


Field Description
Display If selected, Location Service Areas (LSAs) are displayed
in the network layer
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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

Site/Transceiver Symbols on Window Edit Network layer


Field Description
Display sites Displays the center part of the site symbols (the spot)
in the network layer.
Antennas (the sprouts around the spot) and text are
displayed irrespective of the setting of this option.
The examples below show the site symbols with
default settings. The WCMDA, GSM and WiMAX sites
all have three antennas of different azimuth:
LTE site (red spot):

WCDMA site (blue spot):

GSM site (green spot):

WiMAX site (brown spot):

Radio repeater site (black spot with


triangle corresponding to the radio
technology, here GSM):

Display line connection Shows a line connection between antenna and site.
antenna to site
Example 1: Site and antennas in the same location
A B
C

Example 2: Site with antennas A and C in different


locations than the site
A B
C

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

Field Description
Suppress sites outside Affects the appearance of the site symbol and the text
filter selected in the Placement area, for sites excluded
by a filter.
If selected, excluded sites are completely invisible.
Neither the sites symbols, antennas nor text are
displayed.
If not selected, excluded sites are hardly visible. The
site symbols are grayed out, the antennas are not
displayed but the text is displayed.
Use overview above Normal site symbols (spots) replaced by overview
scale symbols (dots) when the map scale exceeds this value.
Example:

Large cells If selected, displays large antennas. If not selected


(default), displays thin antennas. Examples:
Large cell:

Small cell:

Display line connection Shows a line between each radio repeater and its
repeater to donor cell donor cell. Example:
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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

Hexagon Display Settings on Window Edit Network layer


Field Description
Display hexagons Displays the ideal coverage as cell hexagons in the
network layer.
In the example, the A antenna of Site-00012 has a
smaller cell radius than antennas B and C transmitting
in other directions, and the antennas of the other sites
are transmitting in the same direction (same azimuth).

Hexagon color Sets the color of the cell hexagons. Default: Red.
Transparency Sets the transparency of the cell hexagons. Default:
80%.

Edit Grid Layer Properties


In addition to the world coordinate map, you can add a local grid. Follow these
steps to add a grid layer:

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesMap properties window or click .


2. Select the Layers tab.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

3. Click Add Grid. The Adding GridLayer window appears.

4. Define the properties for the grid.


5. Click OK to close the window. In the Map properties window, click Apply to
update the map display.

Fields on the Window


The following table describes the fields on the window:

Field Description
Short name A short name for the layer display.
Name The full name of the layer display.
Type The type of font.
Size The font size.
Color The font color.
Type Type of grid pattern
Spacing The spacing of the grid lines.
Color The color of the lines of the grid.
Base Type of coordinate base used in the grid.
Coords Type of local coordinates used in the display.
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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

Edit Demographic Layer Properties


The demographics layer can be configured to display either of the following:

the dominant category of each bin


the population density of a selected category

Prerequisites
The map properties include a demographics map layer, see Add Map Layers for
Display.

Procedure
Do as follows to edit the demographics layer:

1. Select MapDisplay propertiesMap properties window or click ..


2. Select the Layers tab.
3. Highlight the Demographics layer.
4. Click Edit. The Edit Demographics window appears.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Display Properties

5. To display all categories at the same time, with the category of highest
population density only displayed in each bin, select Dominant category as
follows. Here you can also Edit the color settings as metadata.

6. To display one category only in all bins, select a category from the list of
Categories as in the following example:

7. Click OK to close the window. In the Map properties window, click Apply to
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update the map display.

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Map Display Properties Working with Maps and Map Layers

Fields on the Window


The following table describes the fields on the window:

Field Description
Name Full name of the demographics map layer
Short name Abbreviated name of the demographics map layer
Hi scale Upper scale used for the layer. Defines the high end of the
population density to display.
Lo scale Lowest scale used for the layer. Defines the low end of the
population density to display.
Transparency Transparency of the layer
Saturation Depth of color used in the map
Brightness Brightness of map color
Data source Search path for the map data
Display method The rendering used for displaying the layer, depending on the
choice of Categories:
Dominant category - lookup rendered
<specific category> - threshold rendered
Show legend Shows the Map Legends of the map layer, with color codes
listed depending on the choice of Categories.
Dominant category - colors of all categories
<specific category> - colors per population density interval
of the selected category
Show status bar Shows the population density on the status bar, depending
on the choice of Categories.
Dominant category - the status bar shows which category
is dominant in the indicated bin
<specific category> - the status bar shows the population
density of that category in the indicated bin
Categories Possible categories to display. Select one of:
Dominant category - displays per bin the category with the
highest population density
<specific category> - displays this category only
Edit Edit color settings as metadata. Available only when
Dominant category selected.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Zoom and Pan

Zoom and Pan


The scope of the map shown in the display determines the area saved in a favorite
view, or the area printed for a network design. For landuse, image, or vector data,
you can magnify or zoom in on the view to ensure accurate placement of sites.

With any of the zoom features, click the arrow icon to re-activate the Selection
arrows.

None of the functions at the vertical toolbar work simultaneously with tools in the
horizontal toolbar.

Zoom in
Zooming in on a map magnifies the view so you can see details more clearly.

1. Click the Zoom in icon in the horizontal toolbar to change the cursor to the
magnifier + cursor.
2. Click and hold the cursor on a position and drag it to create a highlighted
rectangle of the area to magnify.
3. Release the mouse button and wait until the magnified view is displayed.

Zoom Out
Zooming out on a map display shrinks the view so you can see a larger area more
clearly.

1. Click the Zoom out icon in the horizontal toolbar to change the cursor to the
magnifier - cursor.
2. Click and hold the cursor on a position and drag it to create a highlighted
rectangle of the area to reduce.
3. Release the mouse button and wait until the reduced view is displayed.

Cancel Zoom In or Zoom Out


If you accidentally zoom in or out too much, you can cancel the display of the view
and re-display the previous view. This can save time, especially if the project has
many maps and sites to resize.

Click the Cancel action icon or select MapStop drawing. The map display stops
and the previous map is re-displayed.
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Zoom and Pan Working with Maps and Map Layers

Continuous Zoom
You can continuously zoom and pan the map using the icon .

1. Pan by clicking with the left mouse button in the map.


2. Zoom in by clicking with the right mouse button in the map and moving the
cursor upwards. Zoom out by moving the cursor downwards.
3. Freeze the map at the selected scale by pressing Enter.

Pan the Map Display


Use panning to move the position of the map within the current map display area.
The panning is useful to change the center of the view or to ensure that you include
specific sites within the view.

1. Click the Pan icon in the horizontal toolbar.


2. Click and hold the cursor on the map display and drag it in the direction to
move the map. For example, move the cursor towards the top of the screen to
move the map view up.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Views

Map Views
After you customize views with the zoom level, centering, and visibility of layers,
you can save that view for future use. This saves the effort of configuring the map
display each time you return to the project.

Store Favorite Map View


1. Customize the map display to create a view to save. Analysis results layers are
not included in a saved view.
2. Click the Favorites icon or select MapFavorites....

3. Enter a descriptive name for the view in the Name field and click Add. The new
named view is added to the Organize list.
4. Click OK to store the view.

Display Favorite Map Views


To display a stored view, select the view from the Map favorites window.

Display Last Map View


The top bar of the map display window contains a drop down menu with the
selection Last map view. When you select this option, the map window is refreshed
with the display that was saved when you last saved the project.
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Map Views Working with Maps and Map Layers

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Templates

Map Templates
You can save your map settings as a template to use in other projects.

Save Map Template


Follow these steps to save your map settings as a template.

1. Select Map templatesSave...


2. Enter a template name and click OK to save the template.

Select Map Template


Follow these steps to select a map template.

1. Select Map templatesSelect....


2. Find the template to use and click OK.
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Map Viewing Tools Working with Maps and Map Layers

Map Viewing Tools


A set of tools for map viewing are available from the Map menu.

Terrain Profiler
A terrain profile shows the path profile between any two points on the map. When
analyzing radio propagation and obstacle losses of natural or man-made structures,
the terrain profile gives a complete picture of the radio path over the analyzed
terrain.

The terrain profile uses the elevation, obstacle, and landuse map layers (if loaded)
to show the vertical profile and landuse along a line between two points.
Use the terrain profiler as follows:
1. Select MapTerrain profile...to open the Terrain profile window.
2. Place the cursor in one point (A), hold the left mouse button down and drag
the mouse to the other point (B). The Terrain profile window shows the terrain
between the two points while moving the mouse as in this example:

The lower part of the Terrain profile window shows the height (H) of antenna
A, and how the azimuth of antenna A changes while moving antenna B with
the cursor.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Viewing Tools

3. Release the left mouse button. The Terrain profile window is updated with
graphical and textual terrain information (distance A-B, antenna heights A and
B, azimuth of antenna A) as in the following example:

4. To simulate how the propagation changes with the frequency, K factor and
antenna heights, click Properties and change these parameters in the Profile
properties window:

5. To enable or disable graphical display of line of sight, freznel zone, antennas


and landuse colors, use the same Profile properties window.

Line of Sight
When placing new base station sites in a mobile radio network, you must determine
whether or not the selected location provides suitable radio wave propagation.
Placing a site in between major obstacles results in poor coverage and service quality
due to negative shadowing effect on radio waves.

The line-of-sight tool helps to locate optimal positions for radio base stations by
making an instant analysis of the radio conditions around a selected position. The
results is displayed as a colored plot.

Prerequisites
An elevation map layer is displayed.
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Map Viewing Tools Working with Maps and Map Layers

Procedure
Do as follows to analyze the line of sight from a certain position:
1. Select MapLine of sight... The Line of Sight Tool Settings window is displayed:

2. Place the cursor in the map display where you want to place a site, and left-
click. The line of sight from the site is displayed as you move the cursor. The
line-of-sight from the fictive site varies with the terrain and obstacles.
3. In the following rural examples the site is first placed on the top of a height
curve, then in the valley slightly south-east of the first location:

Fictive site locations

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Viewing Tools

4. The figure below exemplifies red-colored line-of-sight in an urban area:

5. To modify the display of the line-of-sight you can trim the following parameters
in the Line of Sight Tool Settings:
- Preserve line of sight plot: Enable this option to keep the line-of-sight plot in
the map display after releasing the mouse button.
- Invert plot: Show areas not covered by the fictive site.
- Transparency: Modify the transparency of this temporary plot.
- Color: The color to use for displaying covered (or not covered) area.
6. Here you can also simulate how the line of sight changes when modifying
Tower height, Mobile height (terminal height) or the transmission Range.

Compass
You can show a compass on the map display to get the orientation of the map. The
true north is rarely the same as the vertical direction of the map, and the compass
rotates towards true north wherever it is positioned.
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Map Viewing Tools Working with Maps and Map Layers

To display the compass, select MapCompass. A compass icon is displayed in the


center of the map, and you can drag it to any location:

Compass

The tooltip shows the actual meridian convergence where the compass is placed.
Note that the deviation is not a straight vertical line.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Areas

Map Areas
You work with sites by outlining an area and selecting all sites within that area. By
defining a rectangle or polygon area, you can include and exclude specific sites from
a selection. A saved area can be used in working areas.

Select Rectangle Area


Use this procedure to define map display areas with the rectangle tool.

1. Click the Pointer icon and select the rectangle tool.

rectangle tool

2. Press the left mouse button and drag the cursor to form a rectangle around the
sites in the area. Release the mouse button to complete the selection.

Select Polygon Area


Use this procedure to define map areas with the polygon tool.

1. Click the Pointer icon and select the polygon tool.

polygon tool
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Map Areas Working with Maps and Map Layers

2. Click the left mouse button at a point, drag the cursor to another point, and
continue with as many points as required to define a polygon around the
region, ending where you started. Double-click to complete the selection.

Define Map Area


To reuse a selection of sites, surruond the sites on the map and save the area.

Procedure
Follow these steps to define map areas:

1. Select Rectangle Area or Select Polygon Area where desired.


2. Click the Area editor icon or select MapArea editor to open the Area
editor window.
3. To save this area as a private area, select option User areas.
4. To make this area available for other users, select option Shared areas.
(Relevant if the project is saved in database via a TEMS CellPlanner Server).
5. Enter a descriptive area Name in the New area pane and click Add. The new
area name appears in the Organize pane, and its coordinates are displayed in
the Edit table.
6. To center the map area on the map display, select option Center on map and
click View.
7. Click Apply to save the area.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Areas

8. The result might look as in the following example:

Center Map Area


You can easily center a map area on the map display.

1. Click the Area editor icon or select MapArea editor.


2. Select the area in the Name list and select option Center on map.
3. Click View. The map is updated with the area in the center of the display.

Change Map Area Dimensions


You can change the longitude and latitude values of the corner points of an area.

1. Click the Area editor icon or select MapArea editor.


2. Do either of the following:
- Click View to show the area and drag and drop the corners to move.
- Change the longitude and latitude values of the points in the Edit table.
3. Click Apply to save the settings.
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Map Colors Working with Maps and Map Layers

Map Colors

Specify Map Colors


You can change the color coding of each map layer. Data might be easier to
interpret when you adjust the value ranges and colors to fit the minimum and
maximum values of the real data.

Procedure
Follow these steps to use predefined map colors:

1. Select Map properties and highlight a map layer.


2. Click Edit to display the layer window.
3. In the layer window, click Edit. The LookupMetaData window is displayed.

4. In the Swatches window of the color window, select a color from the color
palette. The selected color is shown at a larger scale in the Preview area.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Map Colors

Define Color Hues


You can define a hue in the RGB window. Move the Red, Green, and Blue controls
until you create a hue in the Preview area.

Define Hue Values


To darken or lighten a hue defined in RGB or selected in Swatches, click the HSB
window to display the selected hue with darker and lighter values. Click in the
display to select the value and see the corresponding HSB values. Saturation (S)
indicates the amount of hue, while Brightness (B) indicates the amount of light.
Click OK to save and apply the selected color.
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Printing Maps Working with Maps and Map Layers

Printing Maps
You can print TEMS CellPlanner maps on printers or plotters, or save as files. Before
printout you can customize the layout and check in a Print preview window how
settings modify the printout.

Print Map
Use this procedure to prepare printout of a map and print it out to printer or file.

Prerequisites
A map is displayed in the map display.

Procedure
1. Select FilePrint. The Map printing window appears with a print preview of the
printout according to the current settings:

map
text

print preview

text options

Note that the grid layer might not be visible in the print preview, and that the
text might be hard to read due to the small size of the print preview.

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Printing Maps

2. Select a Layout template ruling the layout of the map and text parts. You can
Edit existing templates and create New ones. See also Edit Map Printing Layout.
3. Configure the printout contents, see Text contents and Text options in Fields on
Window Map printing. The print preview is updated as you change your
settings.
4. Configure the printout destination, see Printing options in Fields on Window
Map printing. The print preview is updated as you change your settings.
5. Click Print. The printout is sent to the configured printer or file.

Fields on Window Map printing


The following table describes the fields on the Map printing window:

Field Description
Layout
Layout Existing layout files in the EriMap configuration directory. A0,
template A1, A2, A3 and A4 templates are provided at installation.
Edit Enabled only if the selected layout can be written to. Invokes the
layout editor window.
New Invokes the layout editor window with selected file as template
layout.
Text contents
Title The title of the output printed at the top of the window just
below the logotype in bold font
Comments Any number of lines of additional information
Custom scale The map scale factor to use for the printout. The print scale will
be reset to the original map scale the next time you open this
window.
Logo An image file containing a logotype.
Text options - Select desired text options to rule which text contents to display
Logo Enables printout of the logotype
Title Enables printout of the title
Comments Enables printout of the comments
Legend Enables printout of the map legend. The legend must be visible
in the map display to be included in the printout.
Coordinates Enables printout of the coordinates for lower-left and upper-
right corner of the map in current coordinate system, for
example lola or xy.
Projection Enables printout of the map projection in the coordinate system.
Scale Enables printout of the custom scale.
Ruler Enables printout of the graphical relationship between the map
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metrics and the real world.

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Printing Maps Working with Maps and Map Layers

Field Description
Custom/ Enables printout of the project name.
Project
Date Enables printout of date and time at the printout.
Printing options
Print quality Sets the printing quality to high (default), medium or low
Print to file Enables printout of the map and text to the file entered in the
field under this option.
Print setup... Opens the Print window where you select printer and printing
properties. Maps can be printed in landscape or portrait mode.

Note: Note that if the default printer values are not


supported by the selected printer, you must set the
printer's orientation and paper size in the Print
window. These settings must also be entered in the
Page setup window to take effect.
Print Starts printing. The window is closed when the printing
completes.

Edit Map Printing Layout


Use this procedure to edit the layout of map printout.

Prerequisites
The Map printing window is opened, see Print Map.

Procedure
Follow these steps to edit the layout of printed maps:

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Working with Maps and Map Layers Printing Maps

1. In the Map printing window, click New, or select a layout template and click
Edit. The Layout editor window appears as in the following example:

The right side of the window displays the layout parameters with the currently
edited field in the upper right corner. The left side of the window displays a
graphical preview of the layout, with the currently edited field highlighted in
red color.
2. When you click in a rectangle in the preview, the rectangle is highlighted,
and the corresponding layout parameters appear to the right.
3. To resize any rectangle, indicate the area in the preview grid, hold down the
right mouse button and drag the cursor. Alternatively you can modify the width
and height parameters to the right.
4. To move any rectangle, indicate the area in the preview grid, hold down the
left mouse button and drag the cursor. Alternatively you can modify the X and
Y offset parameters to the right.
5. You can undo (CTRL+Z) or redo (SHFT+CTRL+Z) changes.
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Printing Maps Working with Maps and Map Layers

Fields on the Window


The following table describes the fields on the window:

Field Description
Preview of When you click in a rectangle the corresponding layout field is
the layout selected and the rectangle highlighted.
X (mm) Horizontal grid coordinate for upper left corner of the layout
field.
Y (mm) Vertical grid coordinate for upper left corner of the layout field
Width (mm) Grid width (horizontal) of the layout field.
Height (mm) Grid height (vertical) of the layout field.
Use Indicates that the field should be used in the layout.
Font Font used for the field. If the field is clicked, the font chooser
window is displayed so can change the font.
Sort Rearranges display to fit print area when the selected field is
changed.
Columns Grid width, number of columns in grid, must be more than 1.
Rows Grid length, Number of rows in the grid, must be more than 1.

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6
Customizing Coordinate Systems

This chapter describes how to create and configure geodesy objects such as
coordinate systems, datums and ellipsoid for datums.

Topics Page

About Coordinate Reference Systems and Projections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2


Coordinate Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Add Coordinate System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6
Modify Coordinate System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Delete Coordinate System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Advanced Use of Coordinate Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-9
Datums for Coordinate Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Add Datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-11
Modify Datum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Delete Datum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-13
Ellipsoids for Datums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Add Ellipsoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-14
Modify Ellipsoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
Delete Ellipsoid. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
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About Coordinate Reference Systems and Projections Customizing Coordinate Systems

About Coordinate Reference Systems and Projections


A coordinate system object in TEMS CellPlanner is associated with a datum, in its
turn associated with an ellipsoid. Together these objects are referred to as a map
coordinate reference system or geographic reference system, which controls the
way coordinates are transformed from one map to another. A coordinate reference
system is defined by its name, geodetic datum and description of the map
projection.

Every map is associated with a projection and a spheroid called geodetic datum.
Geodetic information must exist so the map can be used where coordinates are
required in latitude and longitude.

Since maps on paper or screen are always flat, coordinate systems must be two-
dimensional. The real world is more complicated. The earth is almost a sphere but
to accurately transform a map's coordinates to a global spherical system, the earth
is usually modeled as a rotational ellipsoid.

Modeling the Earth in Coordinate Reference Systems


A coordinate reference system models the earth with parameters and algorithms to
transform it to or from a global coordinate reference system. For example, WGS84
is used for GPS to transform global coordinates to or from coordinates on a map.

The earth is modelled in a number of steps. The authorities responsible for mapping
perform these tasks:

1. Establish the geoid, that is, the mean water surface, at the area of interest
2. Find an ellipsoid among a limited number of established ellipsoids that best fits
the geoid at the area of interest.
3. Place the selected ellipsoid to minimize the differences over the geoid within
the area of interest.
4. Select a map projection among a limited number of established projections.
The projection transforms the geometry on the curved area on the ellipsoid to
a plane suitable for two-dimensional media such as maps and computers.
5. Select projection parameters to minimize specific errors within the area of
interest.

Tasks 1-3 are usually referred to as establishing geodetic datum. This deals with
transformation of longitude and latitude between different geodetic datums, called
datum shift.

Steps 4-5 set the map projection, that is, the transformation from longitude and
latitude on an ellipsoid to or from cartesian coordinates in a plane.

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Customizing Coordinate Systems About Coordinate Reference Systems and Projections

Coordinate Reference Systems Used in TEMS CellPlanner


The coordinate reference systems used by TEMS CellPlanner are as follows:

The coordinate reference systems are in TEMS CellPlanner classified as either of:

Global LoLa
Local LoLa
World
Canvas
Device

Global LoLa
Global LoLa coordinates are measured from satellites using GPS, or iGPS for the
WGS84 case. The most commonly used Global LoLa coordinate reference systems
are as follows:

Latitude, Longitude, Height


Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM)
Military Grid Reference System (MGRS)

Local LoLa
Local LoLa coordinates are measured locally on earth using sextants or similar
equipment. The Local LoLa coordinate reference systems are as follows:

Universal Polar Stereographic (UPS)


The UPS projection latitudes are defined north of 84 degrees north and south
of 80 degrees south. The eastings and northings are computed using a polar
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About Coordinate Reference Systems and Projections Customizing Coordinate Systems

aspect stereographic projection. Zones are computed using a different


character set for south and north Polar regions.
National Grid Systems
Many nations have defined grid systems based on coordinates that cover their
territory. Australia, Belgium, Great Britain, Finland, Ireland, Italy, the
Netherlands, New Zealand, and Sweden are a examples of nations that have
defined a National Grid System.

World
The World coordinate reference system is an upscale from Canvas.

The World Geographic Reference System (GEOREF) is used for aircraft navigation.
GEOREF is based on latitude and longitude. The globe is divided into 12 bands of
latitude and24 zones of longitude, each 15 degrees wide.

Canvas
For example a paper map.

Device
For example a monitor or a printer.

Supported Projections
TEMS CellPlanner supports the following map projections:

Albers Equal Area


Azimuthal Equidistant
BirdsViewProjection
Cassini cylindrical
Geographic (that is, without a projection)
Hungary EOV
Lambert Conic Conformal, 1 std parallel
Lambert Conic Conformal, 2 std parallel
New Zealand map grid
Oblique Mercator, Central line defined by azimuth at point of origin
Oblique Mercator, Central line defined by two points
Polyconic
Regular Mercator
Stereographic

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Customizing Coordinate Systems About Coordinate Reference Systems and Projections

Stereographic Polar (known parallel), 1st std parallel


Stereographic Polar (known scale)
Swiss Projection
Transverse Mercator
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Coordinate Systems Customizing Coordinate Systems

Coordinate Systems
Each map in a TEMS CellPlanner project must have a coordinate system.

Add Coordinate System


Use this procedure to add coordinate systems.

Prerequisites
A project is opened.

Procedure
1. Select FileMap dataCoordinate systemsEriMap, and select the tab
Coordinate systems. The available coordinate systems with parameters are
displayed, see Fields on Window Coordinate systems, as in the following
example:

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Customizing Coordinate Systems Coordinate Systems

2. Optional: To base the new coordinate system on an existing one, highlight the
coordinate system to copy from the list. The parameters of the selected
coordinate system are displayed.
3. Click New. The parameters of a new coordinate system are displayed.
4. Enter a name of the coordinate system.
5. Select geodetic datum from the list.
6. Select map projection from the list.
7. Click Save to create and persistently save the coordinate system. The created
coordinate system appears in the list.
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Coordinate Systems Customizing Coordinate Systems

Fields on Window Coordinate systems


Field Description
Coordinate List of defined coordinate systems. The name of the selected
systems coordinate system is highlighted.
New Creates a temporary coordinate system with the same
parameters as the currently selected one
Edit Makes changes to the selected coordinate system.
Remove Removes the selected coordinate system.
GeoBox Selects a generic GeoBox database to use for creating a new
coordinate system.
Import Selects XML files with correct attributes. When the file is
selected, the import starts.
Name Name of the selected coordinate system.
Datum Geodetic datum associated with the coordinate system.
> Opens the Datums window with the selected datum.
Map projection Map projection used with the coordinate system.
Projection parameters - Projection type dependent parameters of the coordinate
system
Long. of origin - Longitude of origin
Lat. of origin - Latitude of origin
False easting - in meters
False northing - in meters
Scale
1st std parallel
2nd std parallel
DMS - Use DMS (DegreesMinutesSeconds), decimal or
sexagecimal representation of angular parameters
Area - Opens the Global area window with N/E/S/W
Oblique parameters - Projection type dependent parameters of the coordinate
system
Central line defined by azimuth at point of origin
- Azimuth
Central line defined by two points
- Long pt1
- Lat. pt1
- Long. pt2
- Lat. pt2
Tilted - the axes are aligned with the central line and not with
North / East

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Customizing Coordinate Systems Coordinate Systems

Field Description
Save Saves additions and changes persistently
Discard Discards changes

Modify Coordinate System


1. Select FileMap dataCoordinate systemsEriMap, and select the tab
Coordinate systems. The available coordinate systems with parameters are
displayed, see Fields on Window Coordinate systems.
2. Select a coordinate system from the list. The parameters of the selected
coordinate system are displayed.
3. Click Edit. Modify the parameters as required.
4. Click Save to persistently save the changes.

Delete Coordinate System


1. Select FileMap dataCoordinate systemsEriMap, and select the tab
Coordinate systems. The available coordinate systems with parameters are
displayed, see Fields on Window Coordinate systems.
2. Select the coordinate system to delete from the list.
3. Click Remove. The coordinate system disappears from the list.

Advanced Use of Coordinate Systems


All information about coordinate systems, projection, datum and ellipsoid are stored
in an XML file. This file is specified in the EriMap.resources file with the key
Map_Reference_Systems.CoordinateSystemsFile. This file may be write protected to
prevent unintentional changes but the write protection can be removed from inside
the application. The file may be updated via GUI and/or import from a file.

Calculating Geographic Relative Coordinates


If a position is given in map coordinates (world) X/Y relative to a reference position,
dX/dY, to find the geographic relative coordinates, you can use the following
formulas. The reference position is given in Lo/La (longitude/latitude in degrees).

dLo = dx / a 180 / Pi /cos(La);


dLa = dy / a 180 / Pi;

Where a is the earth's radius approximately 6370000 m, Pi is 3.1415.


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Coordinate Systems Customizing Coordinate Systems

This formula does not consider the actual projection and may be accurate typically
only to 10-20%.

For an accurate calculation, you must know the map projection use a projection tool
such as CoordTrans2.

Note: The relative geographic coordinates are invalid if the reference positioned
is changed.

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Customizing Coordinate Systems Datums for Coordinate Systems

Datums for Coordinate Systems


A datum provides orientation to the actual center of the Earth, using the geodetic
datum position and orientation parameters. It is defined by its name, an ellipsoid,
and the parameters used to shift datum to or from WGS84 according to Bursa-Wulf.
See Ellipsoid/Spheroid and Datum on page 2-4.

Add Datum
Use this procedure to add datums for map coordinate systems.

Prerequisites
A project is opened.

Procedure
1. Select FileMap dataCoordinate systemsEriMap, and select the tab
Datums. The available datums with parameters are displayed, see Fields on
Window Datums, as in the following example:

2. Optional: To base the datum on an existing one, highlight the datum to copy
Created by EBCCW 00:06

from the list. The parameters of the selected datum are displayed.

EN/LZT 108 9834 R2B 6-11


Datums for Coordinate Systems Customizing Coordinate Systems

3. Click New. The parameters of a new datum are displayed.


4. Enter a name of the datum.
5. Select an ellipsoid from the list.
6. Modify the other parameters as required.
7. Click Save to create and persistently save the datum. The datum appears in the
list.

Fields on Window Datums


Field Description
Datums List of defined geodetic datums.
New Creates a temporary datum with the same parameters as the
currently selected one
Edit Changes datum parameters
Remove Deletes a datum from the list
Name New name for the defined geodetic datum
Ellipsoid Ellipsoid used with the selected datum
> Opens the Ellipsoids window of the selected ellipsoid
Degr. Uses degrees as the unit of measurement for the datum shift
parameters
Sec. Uses arc of seconds as the unit of measurement for the datum
shift parameters
Datum shift dx: Translation in X (m).
parameters dy: Translation in Y (m).
dz: Translation in Z (m).
ds: Scale factor deviation.
wx: Rotation around x-axis in decimal degrees or arc of seconds.
wy: Rotation around y-axis in decimal degrees or arc of seconds.
wz: Rotation around z-axis in decimal degrees or arc of seconds.
Save Saves additions and changes persistently
Discard Discards changes

Modify Datum
Use this procedure to modify datums for map coordinate systems.

Prerequisites
The datum to modify is not used by any coordinate system.

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Customizing Coordinate Systems Datums for Coordinate Systems

Procedure
1. Select FileMap dataCoordinate systemsEriMap, and select the tab
Datums. The available datums with parameters are displayed, see Fields on
Window Datums.
2. Select a datum from the list. The selected datum parameters are displayed on
the right.
3. Click Edit. If the selected datum is in use by some coordinate system, a warning
message is displayed and you cannot change the datum.
4. Click Save to persistently save the changes.

Delete Datum
Use this procedure to delete datums for map coordinate systems.

Prerequisites
The datum to delete is not used by any coordinate system.

Procedure
1. Select FileMap dataCoordinate systemsEriMap, and select the tab
Datums. The available datums with parameters are displayed, see Fields on
Window Datums.
2. Select the datum to delete from the list.
3. Click Remove. The datum disappears from the list.
If the selected datum is used by one or more coordinate systems, a warning
message is displayed and the datum is not deleted.
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Ellipsoids for Datums Customizing Coordinate Systems

Ellipsoids for Datums


An ellipsoid is a surface obtained by rotating an ellipse around one of its axes. In
cartography, the shape of the Earth can be considered an ellipsoid. The Earth is not
a perfect ellipsoid, so numerous ellipsoid models have been adopted to
approximate the surface of different parts of the Earth.

They are slightly different in shape and size are defined uniquely by their equatorial
and polar radii, semi major and semi minor axis. They are identified by names
related to their inventors and the year of invention, such as Clarke-1866 and
International-1924.

The table below lists the names and radii of some commonly used ellipsoids:

Name Semi-Major Semi-Minor


Airy 1849 6377340 6356034
Bessel 1841 6377397 6356079
Clarke 1880 6378249 6356515
Everest 1830 6377276 6356075
GRS 80 (identical to WGS-84) 6378137 6356752
International 1924 (Hayford) 6378388 6356912
Krassovsky 1940 6378245 6356863
SAD 69/ANS 6378160 6356775
WGS 72 6378135 6356751

Read more about ellipsoids in Ellipsoid/Spheroid and Datum on page 2-4.

Add Ellipsoid
Use this procedure to add ellipsoids for datums.

Prerequisites
A project is opened.

6-14 EN/LZT 108 9834 R2B


Customizing Coordinate Systems Ellipsoids for Datums

Procedure
1. Select FileMap dataCoordinate systemsEriMap, and select the tab
Ellipsoids. The available ellipsoids with parameters are displayed, see Fields on
Window Ellipsoids.

2. Optional: To base the ellipsoid on an existing one, highlight the ellipsoid to


copy from the list. The parameters of the selected ellipsoid are displayed.
3. Click New. The parameters of a new ellipsoid are displayed.
4. Enter a name of the ellipsoid.
5. Modify the axis parameters as required.
6. Click Save to create and persistently save the ellipsoid. The ellipsoid appears in
the list.
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Ellipsoids for Datums Customizing Coordinate Systems

Fields on Window Ellipsoids


The following table describes the fields on the window:

Field Description
Name Name of the ellipsoid
Semi major axis Unique semi-major axis of the ellipsoid.
Semi minor axis Unique semi-minor axis of the ellipsoid.
Save Saves additions and changes persistently
Discard Discards changes

Modify Ellipsoid

Use this procedure to modify ellipsoids.

Prerequisites
The ellipsoid to modify is not used by any datum.

Procedure
1. Select FileMap dataCoordinate systemsEriMap, and select the tab
Datums. The available datums with parameters are displayed, see Fields on
Window Ellipsoids.
2. Select an ellipsoid from the list. The selected ellipsoid parameters are displayed
on the right.
3. Click Edit. If the selected ellipsoid is in use by some datum, a warning message
is displayed and you cannot change the ellipsoid.
4. Click Save to persistently save the changes.

Delete Ellipsoid

Use this procedure to delete ellipsoids.

Prerequisites
The ellipsoid to delete is not used by any datum.

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Customizing Coordinate Systems Ellipsoids for Datums

Procedure
1. Select FileMap dataCoordinate systemsEriMap, and select the tab
Ellipsoids. The available ellipsoids are displayed, see Fields on Window
Ellipsoids.
2. Select the ellipsoid to delete from the list.
3. Click Remove. The ellipsoid disappears from the list.
If the selected ellipsoid is used by one or more datums, a warning message is
displayed and the ellipsoid is not deleted.
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Ellipsoids for Datums Customizing Coordinate Systems

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7
Exporting Map Data

This chapter describes how to export map data from TEMS CellPlanner.

Topics Page

Export Map Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2


Export Sites to Google Earth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
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Export Map Data Exporting Map Data

Export Map Data


You can export map layers from the map display, for example to save plots.

See Supported Map Data Formats on page 9-2 for a complete survey of possible
target formats for the export.

Export Conversions
Some export scenarios include conversion, for example the following:

Pathloss layer exported to MIF/MID: raster to vector


Pathloss layer exported to Google Earth: raster to image
Pathloss layer exported to ASCII Grid: raster to raster
Network layer exported to TAB: vector to vector

Limitations
Polygon information might get lost during the export, resulting in white spots
in the target map data.
If you export to TAB format from a computer using 64 bits JVM, you can not
display this map data if re-imported in a computer using 64 bits JVM. It is still
possible to display if imported in a computer using 32 bits JVM. See Do TEMS
CellPlanner Clients use 32 Bits or 64 Bits JVM? on page 3-4.

Prerequisites
A project with loaded map layers is opened in TEMS CellPlanner.

7-2 EN/LZT 108 9834 R2B


Exporting Map Data Export Map Data

Procedure
1. Select MapExport layer... The Export Layer window appears, with the layers
included in the Map properties, as in the following example:

2. Select to export one map layer, or All map layers. Depending on your selection
different export options become available.
3. Select the desired Export options.
4. Select the File type for the exported data.
5. Select desired export features such as Smooth filter and Use border lines.
6. Select Local East/North to export using the same coordinate system as in the
project settings.

Note: Your map data will be transformed if you select WGS 84 Longitude/
Latitude. Transforming increases the risk for lost polygon information.

7. Click Save as... to open a browser.


8. Select the target file name and click Save. The export initiates and the progress
is displayed in the browser window.
9. A dialog appears when the export is completed.
Created by EBCCW 00:06

10. Click Close to close the window.

EN/LZT 108 9834 R2B 7-3


Export Map Data Exporting Map Data

Fields on the Export Layer Window


Field Description
Select map layer Lists the loaded map layers as they appear in the Map
properties window, starting with an entry for All layers:
All
Grid
Elevation
...
Export options Delimits the geographical area to export:
Entire map area - entire project
Visible map area only - visible in window
Entire layer area
Custom area. If selected, a window allowing you to
modify the N/S/W/E borders appear.
File type The possible target formats, depending on selected map
layer:
Google Earth 3D
Google Earth
TAB
XYZ-raster (ASC)
MapInfo (MIF/MID)
TIFF (TIF+TFW+TAB)
JPEG (JPG+TFW+TAB)
BMP (BMP+TFW+TAB)
Grid (GRD)
See Supported Map Data Formats on page 9-2 for more
information on the map formats.
Bin size Bin size of the map layer to export. Valid only for raster
based map layers, for example pathloss.
Smooth filter Filters the contours during export. Valid only for export
from raster to vector format.
Use border lines Saves map area border lines in a separate color. Valid only
for export from raster to vector format.
WGS 84 Longitude/ Use the coordinates in longitude and latitude of WGS-84
Latitude geodetical datum. Valid only for some target formats (file
type).
Local East/North Use coordinate reference system defined for the project.
Valid only for some target formats (file type).
Save as... Opens a browser allowing you to select the destination
folder of the exported map data. The export starts when
you click Save in this window.

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Exporting Map Data Export Map Data

Field Description
Stop Interrupts the export
Notify Enables sending a notification when the export completes,
according to the Notification Settings.
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Export Sites to Google Earth Exporting Map Data

Export Sites to Google Earth


You can export sites in your network plan to a .kmz file which you can open in
Google Earth.

Prerequisites

A project with a loaded network layer including sites is opened.

Procedure
1. Select MapExport sites to Google Earth... A browser window named Sites to
Google Earth appears.
2. Enter or browse the name of the .kmz file to which you want to export the sites
and click Save. All sites are exported to this file.

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8
Migrating Map Data

This chapter describes the map data entities to migrate at upgrade to a new version
of TEMS CellPlanner.

Topics Page

About Migration of Map Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-2


Migrate Propagation Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-3
Migrate Traffic Density Maps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-4
Migrate Pathloss Fading Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-5
Migrate Coordinate Reference System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8-6
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About Migration of Map Data Migrating Map Data

About Migration of Map Data


At upgrade to new version of TEMS CellPlanner, you must ensure that the MRR map
databases work with projects imported from older versions of TEMS CellPlanner.

The migration tasks are described in detail in the chapter Migrating to New
Versions of Software in the TEMS CellPlanner Installation Guide.

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Migrating Map Data Migrate Propagation Models

Migrate Propagation Models


TEMS CellPlanner propagation models use the landuse codes from the map data to
assign correction factors used by the model in pathloss predictions.
If you use multi-resolution MRR databases, the correction factors may be a problem
at migration.

Before upgrade, you must manually record the used correction factors before
removing an older version of TEMS CellPlanner.

After upgrade, you must check the correction factors in the new version of TEMS
CellPlanner.

There is no migration problem with correction codes if you only use single resolution
MRR map databases.

For more information, see Modified Landuse Codes on page 9-9


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Migrate Traffic Density Maps Migrating Map Data

Migrate Traffic Density Maps


If you create a multi resolution MRR map database, the traffic load factors may be
incorrect because of the possible change in landuse codes.

Before upgrade, you must manually record the used traffic load factors before
removing an older version of TEMS CellPlanner.

After upgrade, you must check the traffic load factors in the new version of TEMS
CellPlanner.

There is no migration problem with traffic load factors if you only use single
resolution MRR map databases.

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Migrating Map Data Migrate Pathloss Fading Tables

Migrate Pathloss Fading Tables


Pathloss fading margins (Link UL and Link DL) will be correct if you create a single
resolution MRR map database.

If you create a multi resolution MRR map database, the pathloss fading margins
(Link UL and Link DL) might be incorrect because of the possible change in landuse
code numbers.

Before upgrade, you must manually record the pathloss fading margins before
removing an older version of TEMS CellPlanner.

After upgrade, you must check the pathloss fading margins in the new version of
TEMS CellPlanner.

There is no migration problem with pathloss fading margins if you only use single
resolution MRR map databases.
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Migrate Coordinate Reference System Migrating Map Data

Migrate Coordinate Reference System


If the coordinate reference system used for the exported project does not exist in
the Coordinates.xml file, it is created during the import and added to the list of
existing coordinate reference systems. The used coordinate reference system can be
displayed by clicking View in the Project settings window.

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9
Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference

This chapter gives an overview of the map data formats supported in TEMS
CellPlanner, with detailed description of some map data formats and naming rules.
In addition, here you also find how multiple resolution map data is calculated from
its source data.

Topics Page

Supported Map Data Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-1


Commercial Map Data Formats - Source Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-2
Commercial Map Data Formats - Source Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-3
Proprietary Map Data Formats - Source Database . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
Other Map Data Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-4
Map Data Format Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-5
ASCII Grid File Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-5
Planet DMS (EET/Planet) and Asset Projection File Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-6
Planet DMS (EET/Planet) and Asset Folder Naming Rules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-7
Multiple Resolution Calculations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-8
Alignment of Multiple Resolutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-8
Modified Landuse Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-9
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Supported Map Data Formats Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference

Supported Map Data Formats


The map data of the formats listed in this section can be imported using the map
tools in TEMS CellPlanner. Some formats require conversion to suitable format,
other formats can be used as they are for predictions and viewing.

See Required and Recommended Map Formats on page 3-3 about which formats
can be used in TEMS CellPlanner Clients without conversion.

See Importing and Converting Map Data on page 4-1 for instructions on how to
convert map data to suitable format.

Commercial Map Data Formats - Source Database


All map data formats in this table are imported as source database.
32 bits
Viewable in * 64 bits
R = raster, V = vector,
Data representation

coordinate system
Associated with

Exportable to *
File extension
Format name

Description
Map type
T = text

Vertical R landus Y .grc Y N N MapInfo plug-in. Used for example in


Mapper e Mentum Planet/Planet EV. Also called
elevati .grd NWGrid.
on
traffic
Planet DMS R N (any) Y N N Binary raster with projection, index and
V menu files. Previously used in EET (Ericsson
Engineering Tool).
T
Aircom R N .txt Y N N Binary raster with projection, index and
Enterprise/ V menu files, all with suffix .txt. Imported in
Asset the same way as Planet DMS.
T

*) The Viewable in and Exportable to limitations refer to what is possible in the


map display of TEMS CellPlanner Clients. You can though always view the map data
with the map tools started from FileMap data.

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Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference Supported Map Data Formats

Commercial Map Data Formats - Source Files


All map data formats in this table are imported as source files.

32 bits
Viewable in * 64 bits
R = raster, V = vector,
Data representation

coordinate system
Associated with

Exportable to *
File extension
Format name

Description
Map type
T = text

ASCII grid R landus N .grd, Y Y Y Interchange format for ArcInfo (ARC/INFO)


e .txt, rasters in ASCII format. Same as
R elevati .asc Ungenerated grid (ESRI). Exportable as
on Grid(GRD).

BMP R image N .bm Y Y Y Imported with index file index.txt or ESRI


p world file (.tfw, .bmw or .gfw). Exported
GIF .gif Y Y N with world file and TAB file.
JPEG .jpeg Y Y Y
PNG .png Y Y Y
TIFF .tif, Y Y Y
.tiff
SRTM/BIL R elevati Y .bil Y Y N Freeware USGS raster format for
SRTM/HGT on .hgt unprojected WGS coordinate system. See
SRTM Elevation Data.
XYZ- R N .ASC N N Y * elevation, landuse, buildings
raster(ASC)
Google Earth R image Y .kml N N Y Correct format name is KML. Google Earth
Google Earth V 3D Y or N N Y Placemarks/Areas can be imported with tool
3D vector .kmz Import generic map file and exported with
tool Export sites to Google Earth.
MapInfo MIF/ V vector Y .mif Y N Y MapInfo exchange format. May represent
MID (.mi text info. Select .mif, .mid expected in same
d) folder.
MapInfo TAB V vector Y .tab Y N Y MapInfo internal format. May represent text
R image Y Y Y info. Exportable in 32 bits only.
DXF V vector N .dxf Y Y N Drawing exchange format for AutoCAD.
May represent text info.
Shape + DBF V N ** .shp Y Y N ESRI format for vector data
E00 V N ** .e00 Y Y N ESRI interchange format. All spatial and
descriptive vector and raster map data can
be combined in one ASCII file.
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Supported Map Data Formats Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference

*) The Viewable in and Exportable to limitations refer to what is possible in the


map display of TEMS CellPlanner Clients. You can though always view the map data
with the map tools started from FileMap data.

**) These source files carry coordinate system information, but the current version
of TEMS CellPlanner does not use it at import.

Proprietary Map Data Formats - Source Database


All map data formats in this table are imported as source database, and are
associated with a coordinate system.
32 bits
64 bits
32 bits
64 bits
R = raster, V = vector
Data representation

Exportable to *
Viewable in *
File extension
Format name

Description
predictions
Input to

MRR R .mrr Y Y Y Y N Multi-resolution raster format


MRV V .mr Y Y N N N Vector format with multiple levels of detail, for
v vectors and text attributes. New from TEMS
CellPlanner 8.0. Mandatory vector and text
format for 64 bits JVM, optional for 32 bits JVM.
GeoBox RV .grk Y N Y N N Not a map format, but a native file format for
raster or vector data. The .grk file describes the
other files in the database. Can be imported
using an API acquired from TEMS Support.

*) The Viewable in and Exportable to limitations refer to what is possible in the


map display of TEMS CellPlanner Clients. You can though always view the map data
with the map tools started from FileMap data.

Other Map Data Formats


To use any other map format as source data a dedicated plug-in is needed.

Contact TEMS support about the possibilities of ordering such a plug-in.

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Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference Map Data Format Descriptions

Map Data Format Descriptions

ASCII Grid File Format

Import Format
ARC ASCIIGRID refers to a specific interchange format developed for ARC/INFO
rasters in ASCII format. The format consists of a header that specifies the
geographic domain and resolution, followed by the actual grid cell values. Usually
the file extension is *.asc, but recent versions of ESRI software also recognize the
extension *.grd. The file looks like this:

NCOLS 724
NROWS 579
XLLCORNER 417100.000000
YLLCORNER 3396760.000000
CELLSIZE 20.000000
NODATA_VALUE 255
9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 etc....

Records 1 - 6 Geographic header


Coordinates may be in decimal or integer format.

NCOLS Number of columns in the grid


NROWS Number of rows in the grid
XLLCORNER Coordinates of the western edge of the grid
YLLCORNER Coordinates of the southern edge of the grid
CELLSIZE Resolution of the grid
NODATA_VALUE Value that represents missing data

Record 7 -> end of file Data values


These are the values of individual cells typically representing elevation or landuse of
a particular area.

Grid values are stored as integers.

XLLCORNER and YLLCORNER are the grid edges, not the edge cell centers. The
origin of the grid is the upper left and terminus at the lower right corner.
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Map Data Format Descriptions Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference

Planet DMS (EET/Planet) and Asset Projection File Format


The projection file of Planet DMS (EET/Planet) and Aircom Asset is a text file with
information about the projection and ellipsoid of the map data.

File Format
Line 1: Name of the ellipsoid
Line 2: UTM zone number (1-60). The most common projection is UTM,
Universal Transverse Mercator. If the map data has another
projection than UTM this line is blank.
Line 3: Name of the projection
Line 4: Parameters of the projection. When using UTM this line is left blank
when map data is located on the northern hemisphere. Map data on
the southern hemisphere require parameters.

Projection Parameters
1. Latitude of the projection. In UTM projection this is equally to the equator, 0
degrees.
2. Longitude of the projection, also called the central meridian.
3. False easting, number of meters west of the central meridian the coordinate
system starts counting from.
4. False northing, number of meters south of the latitude of the projection the
coordinate system starts counting from.
5. 1st parallel (When using Lambert conic conformal projection)
6. 2nd parallel (When using Lambert conic conformal projection)

Examples of Projection Files


Typical projections file with UTM projection, from northern hemisphere:

WGS-84
33
UTM

Typical projections file with UTM projection, from southern hemisphere:

WGS-84
33
UTM
0 15 500000 10000000

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Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference Map Data Format Descriptions

Note: Planet DMS does not have information about the geodetical datum in the
projection file. Check this with the supplier of map data.

Planet DMS (EET/Planet) and Asset Folder Naming Rules


The folders of Planet DMS (former EET/Planet) and Aircom Asset formats must be
named exactly as below to be readable by the preprocessing, import and map layer
procedures:

heights
clutter
vector
text
buildings
backdrop

The vector folder contains files defining vectors like road network, water features,
building polygons and building outlines.

The buildings folder contains files defining raster layer with building heights
calculated from ground level.
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Multiple Resolution Calculations Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference

Multiple Resolution Calculations

Alignment of Multiple Resolutions


When converting map data to MRR using preprocessing, the multiple resolutions
are aligned according to the criteria specified in this section.

If the source databases are unaligned or do not use the same coordinate reference
system, the map data with the coarser resolution is aligned with the map data with
the finest resolution.

The coarsest resolution in the MRR database is calculated as a multiple of the finest
resolution. The resulting resolutions between finest and coarsest resolution are
calculated as 50%, 12.5%, 6.25% and so on of the coarsest resolution down to
the finest resolution.

The following examples describe the alignment of MRR databases:

Resolution of source Resulting resolution in target


Case databases MRR database
1 The source map databases have The resolutions in the MRR database
resolutions of 10 and 50 meters are 10 and 50 meters.
respectively.
2 The source map databases have The finest resolution in the MRR
resolutions of 10, 15, and 50 database is 10 meters and the
meters. coarsest resolution is 50 meters (5
meters x 10 = 50 meters). The
possible resolutions in-between are:
25 meters and 12.5 meters. All map
data in the MRR database must be
stored in one of these resolutions. In
this case, the 15 meter data is re-
sampled to 12.5 meter.

The resolutions in the MRR database


are 10, 12.5 and 50 meters
3 The original map databases have The finest resolution in the MRR
resolutions of 15 and 50 meters. database is 15 meters and the
coarsest resolution 45 meters (15
meters x 3 = 45 meters). The 50
meter map data is re-sampled to 45
meters resolution.

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Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference Multiple Resolution Calculations

Modified Landuse Codes


When one landuse database is preprocessed to an MRR database, the landuse
codes are the same in the MRR database as in the source database.

When multiple landuse databases are preprocessed to an MRR database, the target
MRR database contains all landuse codes from all source databases, but the code
numbers may differ between the source databases and the target MRR database.

Note: You must consider the change of landuse codes when migrating projects
from older versions of TEMS CellPlanner. The differences affect
propagation models, traffic density maps and pathloss fading tables.

The landuse codes from the database with finest resolution are added first to the
list of landuse codes in the target MRR database, and they are exactly the same as
is the source database. If the landuse codes in the other source databases are not
the same as in the source database with finest resolution, they are appended to the
list of landuse codes in the target MRR database. This means that they will not have
the same code number in the target MRR database as in the source database.

The landuse codes for the MRR database are found in the
<MRR_database_name>.ini file stored together with the MRR database.

Example of Landuse Codes


Source database A, with resolution 5m, has the following landuse codes:

Code Landuse
1 Water
2 Park
3 Buildings

Source database B, with resolution 20 m, has the following landuse codes:

Code Landuse
1 Open
2 Water
3 Forest

After preprocessing, the landuse codes in the target MRR database are as follows:

Code Landuse
1 Water
2 Park
3 Buildings
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Multiple Resolution Calculations Appendix: GeoData Technical Reference

Code Landuse
4 Open
5 Forest

In this case the code number of Open and Forest are not the same in the target MRR
database as in the source database.

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Index

A E
absolute accuracy 2-12 elevation 4-5 4-7
accuracy 2-12 in terrain profiler 4-38
area 2-10 ellipsoid 2-4, 5-2, 5-9, 5-11 5-12, 5-14
defining 5-14, 5-16
attributes 2-10
models 5-14
azimuth 4-22 rotational 5-2
EriMap 4-49, 5-9
B
bin F
size 6-4 favorite 4-35

C G
City Data 2-14 GeoBox 5-8
clutter 2-19 database 5-8
color coding 4-46 geodata 2-3, 2-9
geodesy 2-3 2-4
colors
geodetic datum 2-5, 5-2, 5-12
hue 4-47 geographical coordinates 2-5
hues 4-47 geoid 2-6
predefined 4-46 GEOREF 5-4
compass grid 4-5 4-7
orientation 4-41 lines 4-29
conical projection 2-6 pattern 4-29
coordinate reference system 4-49, 5-2 5-3, 5-6
5-9, 5-11 5-13 H
geodetic datum 5-8, 5-12 5-13 hexagon
projection parameters 5-8 display 4-28
coordinate system 2-7 hi scale 4-21
cylindrical projection 2-6 High-resolution Data with Building Heights 2-14

D I
datum 2-5 image 4-7
shift zooming 4-33
parameters 5-12
demographics 2-19 K
Created by EBCCW 00:06

display properties 4-30 Known Difficulties with Map Data 2-15

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L showing 4-14
views
Land 4-5 elevation prominent view 4-6
landuse 4-5, 4-7 image prominent view 4-6
in terrain profiler 4-38 land use prominent view 4-5
zooming 4-33 map properties
latitude 4-13 display multiple areas 4-15
legend 4-3 edit polygon properties 4-17
line 2-10 grid 4-28
line of sight cursor 4-41 hide layers 4-14
linear data 2-10 show layers 4-14
line-of-sight cursor 4-39 map views 4-35
lo scale 4-21 favorite view
longitude 4-13 display 4-35
last view 4-35
M maps
map area 4-43 favorites 4-35
defining projection system 5-4
polygon 4-43 MRR 2-20
rectangle 4-43 MRV 2-20
map coordinate system See coordinate reference multiple areas 4-15
system multiple polygons 4-15
map data 2-3 Multiple Resolution Raster 2-20
define ellipsoid 5-11 5-13
map dataset N
external 4-12 network layer 4-5 4-7
map display
panning 4-34
settings 4-13 O
zooming and panning 4-34 obstacle
zooming in 4-33 in terrain profiler 4-38
zooming out 4-33 orientation
map layer compass 4-41
demographics 4-30
elevation 4-5 4-7 P
grid 4-5 4-7
image 4-7 pan 4-34
landuse 4-5, 4-7 panning
network 4-5 4-7 map display 4-34
plot 4-4 planar 2-6
transparency 4-14, 4-21 planar projection 2-6
map layers 6-4 polygon 4-43
adding 4-11 polygon layer 4-17
color coding 4-46 example 4-18
displaying 4-4 print maps 4-48
hiding 4-14 default printer 4-50
in calculations 4-4 edit layout 4-50
properties 4-12 scale 4-49
removing 4-15 projection 2-5

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R
raster data 2-10
rasterized 2-11
rectangle 4-43
reference system 2-5
Regional Data 2-14
relative accuracy 2-12
rendering 4-14
resolution 2-10, 2-12
rotational ellipsoid 5-2

S
satellite images 2-9
scale 4-13
Shuttle Radar Topography Mission elevation
data 2-10
spheroid 2-4
SRTM elevation data 2-10
status bar 4-3

T
terrain profile 4-38
text 2-10
topographical maps 2-9
true north 4-41

U
Universal Transverse Mercator 2-6
UTM 2-6

V
vector data 2-10
zooming 4-33
vectorized 2-11

W
WGS-84 2-7
WGS84 5-2, 5-11
World Geodetic System 1984 2-7
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