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INSTRUCTIONS

Planning Guide

Your Name _______________________________ Due Date__________

Overall Purpose
1. What procedure will your instructions enable your readers to perform?

Reader Profile
1. Who are your primary readers?

2. Who else might read your instructions

3. How much do your readers know about the procedure? What key things
don't they know?

4. How great is your readers' knowledge of any technical subjects or other
relevant background information related to your topic?

5. Do your readers have any communication preferences you should take
into account? If so, describe them.

6. Are there any other considerations you should keep in mind when writing
instructions for these readers?

Situational Analysis
1. What are the key features of the location where your readers will use your
instructions?

Usability Objectives (Readers’ Tasks)
1. What outcome will your readers want to achieve?

2. Will your readers want to read the entire set of instructions sequentially?

3. Will your readers want to find and use only certain parts?

4. What questions will readers ask as they read your instructions?

Persuasive Objectives (Readers’ Attitudes)
1. What will be your readers' initial attitudes toward your instructions?

2. What do you want your readers' attitudes to be after they use your
instructions?

From Paul V. Anderson’s Technical Communication: A Reader-Centered Approach

if anything. which parts? 2. Anderson’s Technical Communication: A Reader-Centered Approach . What. What problems might your readers encounter? 2. Can your instructions help your readers perform their tasks more efficiently by showing the location of some of the equipment’s parts? If yes. etc. What do you need to tell your readers about how to overcome these problems? Graphics 1. etc. What page design will help your readers use your instructions most efficiently? From Paul V. which parts Materials and Equipment 1.) • Safety information Description of the Equipment 1. What materials and equipment. purpose. Can your instructions help your readers perform their tasks more efficiently by explaining the function of some of the equipment’s parts? If yes.) • Scope and organization of the instructions • Ways to use the instructions effectively • Reasons for following the instructions (rather than using some other procedures) • Conventions used (abbreviations. What graphics would your readers find helpful or persuasive? Page Design 1. job description. should your readers gather before starting the procedure? Directions 1. What are the major groups of steps in the procedure? Troubleshooting 1. if any.Superstructure Introduction 1. or desired outcome of the procedure • Intended readers for the instructions (their knowledge level. will your readers find it helpful to know about the following topics? • Aim.