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Aadiendo nfasis con las cleft sentences

Cuando queremos aadir nfasis a alguna parte de una frase se utilizan en


ingls lo que se llaman cleft sentences. Las cleft sentences no son ms que
una forma de enfatizar aquello que queremos resaltar sobre lo que estamos
diciendo. Para hacerlo, lo que se hace es aadir ciertas palabras al principio
de la frase, y es lo que se conoce como cleft sentence.

Dicho as parece un tanto abstracto y estaris pensado: de qu demonios est


hablando? No os preocupis. Lo entenderis perfectamente. Existen cuatro
maneras de hacerlo.

What or All
La primera manera de aadir nfasis es aadiendo al principio de la frase
what o all. Si decs I need a coffee (necesito un caf), dicho as, bien, vale
necesitas un caf, pero si no me lo dices con un tono diferente igual ni
siquiera te hago caso. Ahora bien, si me dices What I need is a coffee (lo que
necesito es un caf), vale, ahora s, ahora ya me doy por enterado de que
realmente lo que necesitas es un caf. Vis el efecto de enfatizar?

Se forma mediante What or All + oracin + be y despus la parte de la frase


que queremos enfatizar.

I don't like the food here.


What I don't like here is the food.

I just want to play the piano.


All I want is to play the piano.

I only looked at it!


All I did was look at it.

What happens is.../ What happened was....


La segunda forma es introduciendo al principio de la frase "lo que pasa es..." o
"lo que pas fue...." que son los equivalentes en ingls a what happens is....
y what happened was... Se suele utilizar para enfatizar un evento o una
sequencia de eventos.

You do a reading test and then you have the writing part.
What happens is (that) you do a reading test and then you have the writing
part.

We came across David at the airport.


What happened was (that) we came across David at the airport.
The person who, The place where, The first/last
time, The reason why

Otra manera de aadir nfasis es a travs de expresiones cmo the person


who..., the place where... etc.

Se forma mediante The person who..., The place where....,etc + oracin +


be

I spoke to my sister.
The person who I spoke to was my sister.

We went to Nepal last year


The place where we went last year was Nepal.

I last saw him on Sunday.


The last time I saw him was on Sunday.

I picked my children up from school because my wife told me to do so.


The reason why I picked my children up from school was because my wife
told me to do so.

It
La ltima forma de cleft sentence es aadir It is/was + la parte de la frase
enfatizada + oracin relativa.

A girl in my team won the prize.


It was a girl in my team who won the prize.

We visited our family last Friday.


It was last Friday when we visited our family.

Tenemos que tener una precaucin con ste ltimo tipo de cleft sentence. Si
la parte que queremos enfatizar es un pronombre (I, you, he, she, etc.),
normalmente se usa el pronombre de objeto correspondiente (me, you, him,
etc.). Por ejemplo:

I broke the window.


It was me who broke the window.
It was I who broke the window.

Hagamos ahora un par de ejercicios.


Ejercicio 1: Completa las siguientes frases con una sola palabra

1. __________was my father who told me not to marry him.

2.___________love about Fridays is knowing you don't have to work the next
day.

3.The________why I want you to come early is so that we can have some time
on our own.

4.After you've sent in your CV, what________next is that you get called for an
interview.

Ejercicio 2: Reescribe las frases siguientes con la palabra que est en


negrita

1. He left his wife because she cheated on him.


REASON
_______________________________she cheated on him.

2.We ended up eating in an absolutely beautiful beach.


PLACE
________________________________was an absolutely beautiful beach.

3. They didn't get to the airport in time for the flight, which really surprised
me.
WHAT
____________________________they didn't get to the airport in time for the
flight.

4. I first met my wife at a meeting in Paris.


TIME
_____________________________at a meeting in Paris.

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