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CLIMATE CHANGE Human induced change impacts will be resolved in the future.

Potencial impacts most studied by


Greenhouse gases researchers include the effects on sea
Certain naturally occurring gases, such level, drought, local weather, and
What is Climate Change? as carbon dioxide (CO2) and water hurricanes.
vapor (H2O), trap heat in the
Climate change is a long term shift in Most of our current knowledge of global
atmosphere causing a greenhouse change comes from general circulation
the statistics of the weather (including its
effect. Burning fossil fuels, like oil, coal, models(GCMs). At present, GCMs have
averages). For examples, it could show
and natural gas is the highest in the past the ability to provide us with a mean
up as a change in climate normal
650,000 years. The fourth assessment annual temperature for the planet that is
(expected averages values for
report of the intergovernmental panel on reliable. Regional and local temperature
temperature and precipitation) for a
climate change concludes, that most of and precipitation information from GCMs
given place and time of year, from one
the observed increase in the globally id, at present, unreliable. Much of the
decade to the next.
averaged temperature since the mid-20 global change research effort is focused
We know that the global climate is century is very likely due to the on improving these models.
currently changing. The last decade of observed increase in anthropogenic
the 20th century and the beginning of the greenhouse gas concentration.
21st have been the warmest period in
the entire global instrumental
temperature record, starting in the mid What is being done to study the
19th century.
effects of climate change?

Why is the Climate Changing?


There are numerous potencial effects of
climate change. Extensive research I
being is being done around the world
Natural variability a good deal within NOAA to determine
Climate change is a normal part of the the extent to which climate change is
earths natural variability, which is occurring, how much of it is being
related to interactions among the caused by anthropogenic (manmade)
atmosphere, ocean, and land, as well as forces, and its potential impacts. In
changes in the amount of solar radiation some of these areas , there are often
reaching the earth. conflicting points-of-view and studies.
However, with further research , no
doubt many questions regarding