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CAROTID ARTERY DISEASE

MANAGEMENT
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
SURGICAL OR CAROTID ATRERY STENOSIS, REFERS TO
TREATMENT NARROWING OF THE CAROTID ARTERIES CAUSED BY HEADACHE, N/V
ANEURYSM BUILD UP OF FATTY SUBSTANCE AND CHOLESTEROL LETHARGY OR CONFUSION
TREATMENT DEPOSITS CALLED PLAQUES SUDDEN WEAKNESS OR
NUMBNESS OF THE FACE,
ARTERIOVENOUS
ARM OR LEGS USUALLY ON
MALFORMATION RISK FACTORS ONES SIDE
TREATMENT SMOKING LOSS OF CONSCOUSNESS
DECOMPRESSIVE AGE > 50 YEARS OLD
CRANIOTOMY HYPERTENSION OBESITY
SEDENTARY LIFESTYLE
MEDICAL
FAMILY HISTORY OF
TREATMENT ATHEROSCLEROSIS
1) Controlling the ALCOHOL ABUSE NEUROLOGIC DEFICIT
blood pressure PREVIOUS HISTORY OF STROKE
BLURRED VISION OR VISUAL
2) Determining the FIELD DEFICIT
cause of the APHASIA
bleeding. EMERGENCY/ LIFE THREATENING CRISIS RIGHT OR LEFT HEMIPARESIS
QUADRIPARESIS
FACIAL DROOP
GAIT OR LIMB ATAXIA
HEMORRHAGIC STROKE

INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE


Bleeding occurs directly into the brain parenchyma. The usual Results in elevated intracranial pressure and impairs cerebral
mechanism is thought to be leakage from small intracerebral autoregulation. These effects can occur in combination with acute
arteries damaged by chronic hypertension. It is the blood vessel vasoconstriction, microvascular platelet aggregation and loss of
inside the brain bursts into the surrounding brain tissue cause microvascular perfusion, resulting in profound reduction in blood
brain cells to die flow and cerebral ischemia.
TWO TYPES OF WEAKENED BLOOD
VESSELS THAT MAY LEAD TO
RUPTURE

ANEURYSM ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATION


A WEAKEND REGION OF BLOOD CLUSTER OF ABNORMALLY FORMED
VESSELS IF LEFT UNTREATED IT MAY BLOOD VESSELS. ANY OF THESE VESSELS
CONTINUE TO WEAKEN UNTIL IT
CAN RUPTURE, ALSO CAUSING BLEENING
RUPTURES AND BLEEDS INTO THE
INTO THE BRAIN
BRAIN