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La Tierra no siempre gira alrededor de un eje imaginario que atraviesa los

polos sino que ste se mueve alrededor de ellos. A lo largo de gran parte
del siglo XX se ha desplazado hacia Norte Amrica pero esa direccin ha
cambiado como consecuencia del deshielo de los polos y del nuevo reparto
de pesos al que ha dado lugar. Estos cambios no afectan a nuestra
vida diaria pero ayudan a entender mejor el clima del pasado y
del futuro, segn cientficos del Jet Propulsion Laboratory de la NASA.

En el ao 2000, el eje de rotacin terrestre dej de avanzar hacia Canad


y comenz a dirigirse hacia el este al doble de velocidad, unos 17
centmetros al ao.
"Ha dejado de moverse hacia la Baha de Hudson para acercarse a las
Islas Britnicas. Es una oscilacin importante", comenta Surendra
Adhikari, investigador del Jet Propulsion Laboratory de la NASA y autor
del estudio, publicado recientemente por Science Advances.

Los autores de este trabajo sugieren que la prdida de masa de hielo


en Groenlandia y en la Antrtida puede ser la responsable de
este fenmeno.

Los movimientos de agua que han tenido lugar en estas dos


regiones no generan la suficiente energa para promover un
movimiento del eje de rotacin tan evidente como el observado: es preciso
que otra fuerza entre en juego. la respuesta a este misterio es "el dficit
de agua en Eurasia: el subcontinente Indio y el rea del mar Caspio",
afirma Adhikari.

"Es mucho ms que una simple correlacin: hemos aislado la


causa", sentencia Erik Ivins, otro de los autores del estudio.
Es posible determinar "si las inundaciones o las sequas se han
acentuado con el tiempo y en qu regiones", dice Adhikari.
Gracias a la vinculacin entre los cambios en el clima y la posicin del eje
de rotacin.

La "informacin vital sobre cambios en la acumulacin de agua en los


continentes y sobre las capas de hielo a lo largo del tiempo", aade Ivins.

The scientists at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory said that The earth
didnt always revolves around an imaginary axis that passes through the
poles but that it moves around them. Throughout much of the 20th
century it had been moved to North America, but this address had been
changed as a result of the melting of the poles and the new distribution of
weights to which had been given rise. These changes didnt affect our
daily lives but help to better understand the climate of the past and the
future.

In the year 2000, the axis of Earth's rotation left towards Canada and
began to move eastward at double speed, about 17 centimetres a year.
"It has stopped moving towards Hudson Bay to approach the British Isles.
It's an important swing", says Surendra Adhikari, researcher at NASA's
Jet Propulsion Laboratory and author of the study, recently published by
Science Advances.

The authors of this study suggest that the loss of mass of ice in
Greenland and Antarctica may be responsible for this phenomenon. To
reach this conclusion, researchers have used satellite of the German
Aerospace Center Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE),
who each month provide information about changes in the mass of the
Earth.

The de-icing is necessary but not sufficient condition to produce this


situation. The water movements that have taken place in these two
regions do not generate enough energy to promote a movement of the
axis of rotation so evident as observed: need another force comes into
play. Fortunately, researchers have found the answer to this mystery in
"the water deficit in Eurasia: the Indian subcontinent, and the area of the
Caspian Sea", said Adhikari, after the depletion of aquifers and the
drought in that region.

The variation in the amount of water in that area is very small compared
to the poles and, however, its effect is remarkable. The explanation is that
the axis of rotation is very sensitive to the changes that are produce to 45
degrees of latitude. This explains a mystery that scientists have tried
reveal since 1899, when they began to be made the first observations on
the movement of Earth's rotation axis. "It is much more than a simple
correlation: have isolated the cause", says Erik Ivins, another author of
the study.

Thanks to the link between changes in the climate and the position of the
axis of rotation, it is possible to determine "If the floods or droughts is
have emphasized over time and in which regions", said Adhikari. These
data also reveal "vital information on changes in the accumulation of
water on the continents and the layers of ice over time", says Ivins.