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ASME B31G-2009

(Revision of ASME B31G-1991)

Manual for
Determining the
Remaining Strength of
Corroded Pipelines
Supplement to ASME B31 Code for
Pressure Piping

A N A M E R I C A N N AT I O N A L STA N DA R D
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ASME B31G-2009
(Revision of ASME B31G-1991)

Manual for
Determining the
Remaining Strength of
Corroded Pipelines
Supplement to ASME B31 Code for
Pressure Piping

A N A M E R I C A N N AT I O N A L S TA N D A R D

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Date of Issuance: October 30, 2009

The next edition of this Manual is scheduled for publication in 2012. There will be no addenda
issued to this edition.

ASME issues written replies to inquiries concerning interpretations of technical aspects of this Manual.
Interpretations, Code Cases, and errata are published on the ASME Web site under the Committee
Pages at http://cstools.asme.org as they are issued.

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CONTENTS

Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Committee Roster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Correspondence With the B31 Committee . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi
1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
2 Evaluation Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3 Tables of Allowable Length of Corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Figures
1.12-1 Corrosion Pit Interaction Distances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1.13-1 Helically Oriented Corrosion Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1-1 Corrosion Parameters Used in Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Tables
3-1 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 2 and < NPS 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3-1M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 60 mm and < 168 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3-2 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 6 and < NPS 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3-2M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 168 mm and < 273 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3-3 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 10 and < NPS 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
3-3M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 273 mm and < 406 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3-4 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 16 and < NPS 20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3-4M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 406 mm and < 508 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3-5 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 20 and < NPS 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3-5M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 508 mm and < 610 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3-6 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 24 and < NPS 30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3-6M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 610 mm and < 762 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
3-7 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 30 and < NPS 36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
3-7M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 762 mm and < 914 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3-8 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 36 and < NPS 42 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3-8M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 914 mm and < 1 066 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
3-9 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 42 and < NPS 48 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
3-9M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
3-10 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 48 and < NPS 52 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
3-10M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
3-11 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 52 and < NPS 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
3-11M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
3-12 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 56 Through NPS 60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
3-12M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 422 mm Through 1 524 mm O.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

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iii
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FOREWORD

It has been recognized within the pipeline industry that some sections of high-pressure pipelines,
particularly those with long service histories, may experience corrosion. It has also been recog-
nized, through theoretical analysis, scientific research and testing, and industry operating experi-
ence, that some amount of metal loss due to corrosion can be tolerated without impairing the
ability of the pipeline to operate safely. In 1984, ASME published the first edition of the B31G
Manual for Determining the Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipelines. The B31G document
provided pipeline operators with a simplified evaluation method based on the results of analysis
and tests. The application of B31G has enabled pipeline operators to reliably determine safe
operating pressure levels for pipe affected by corrosion, and to determine whether repairs are
necessary in order to continue operating safely.
B31G continued to be reissued by ASME with only minor revisions over time, although other
corrosion evaluation methods had evolved since B31G’s initial publication. A majority of these
other methods are based on the same theoretical model from which the original B31G method
was derived, but may offer some refinement in accuracy. Subsequently, an effort was undertaken
to update the B31G document to recognize certain other corrosion evaluation methods that have
proven sound and that have seen successful use in the pipeline industry. Incorporation of these
other methods into a recognized Code document provides the pipeline operator or other user
with a formalized framework within which to use such methodologies, as well as a wider range
of codified technical options with which to make an evaluation. This 2009 revision of B31G
reflects those objectives. ASME B31G-2009 was approved by the American National Standards
Institute (ANSI) on July 10, 2009.
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iv
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Secretary COMMITTEE PERSONNEL R. Chair.S. The American Society of Mechanical T. Paulin Research Group N.. T. P. Q. Vice Chair. Chin. Inc. Becht Nuclear Services G. Becht IV. Inc. Consultant v --`. Refrigeration Systems Co. A. Bechtel G. Alstom Power. ExxonMobil Upstream Research Co. K. First Energy Corp.. J. Flenner Engineering Services W. LLC M. Rosenfeld. J. W. Vice Chair N. R. American Electric Power A. Consultant W. Wais. E. Jr. J. A. H. J. Watkins. F. Process Engineers and Constructors. J.. Inc. D.```. A. Beyer. Louis Perry & Associates. Haupt. Sperko Engineering Services. J. Robleto. K. Powers.`. G.`` Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale. Inc. Mayers. D. Fetzner. Koves. TransCanada Pipeline U. Rinaca. W. C. D. S. Frey. Chair K. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . P. Consumo. Appleby. Kiefner & Associates. A. L. Appleton. R. Air Liquide M. BP Exploration Alaska. J. Inc. Rangus. J. ASME B31 COMMITTEE Code for Pressure Piping (The following is the roster of the Committee at the time of approval of this Standard. Rosenfeld. Campbell. Stevick. Inc. D.. Rodabaugh. J. J. Inc. L. G. Silvia. Lobo. Haupt. Babcock Power. A. A. Inc. Deubler. Inc. A.. P. Inc. A. Antaki. R. Berkeley Engineering & Research. Fronek Power Systems. H. Mauro. UOP LLC B. Vogt Valves/Flowserve Corp. C. E. FM Global D. Paulin. R. E. R. Ex-Officio. Honorary Member. J.. Epco. Pressure Piping Engineering Associates. W. Grichuk. Becht Engineering Co. L. Swagelok C. Ex-Officio. Babcock Power. PC Engineers R. Wooten. GE Energy (IGCC) NPI R. Inc. J. P. O’Brien.) COMMITTEE OFFICERS M. Ellenberger M. D. Graziano. A. A. Lobo. Spectra Energy Transmission R.```. Inc. N. Flenner. Tennessee Valley Authority E. Becht IV. Drake. R. Michalopoulos. Pressure Piping Engineering Associates. Holbrook. J. Inc. Dominion Resources. Breen. P. Worley Parsons D. Nayyar. Inc. J. Worley Parsons E. K. Kiefner & Associates. The American Society of Mechanical Engineers C. Coym.`. Hayden. Frikken. W. Bechtel Power Corp. F. J. Black & Veatch R. P. Bodenhamer. E. W. Koves. Medvick. Wais and Associates. Inc. Becht Engineering Co. Jolly. Senior Technical Advisor J. Bodenhamer. Inc. A. McCawley. Becht Engineering Co. Sperko. Christian. B31 MECHANICAL DESIGN TECHNICAL COMMITTEE W. J. J. L. Stress Engineering Service. Meyer. Holbrook. Vilminot. Minichiello. C. Tatar. G. P. Payne. Alion Science & Technology C. Bechtel National. UOP LLC B. Victaulic J. C. Contributing Member. J. ConocoPhillips Pipe Line Co. Management Authority of West Macedonia C. Fluor Corp. TQM Engineering. Fluor Enterprises. A. W. E. L. Inc. Becht Engineering Co. Inc. Secretary. E. Nayyar. T.

including any pertinent documentation. persons aggrieved by an interpretation may appeal to the cognizant ASME Committee or Subcommittee.. The request for interpretation should be clear and unambiguous.`.. and attending Committee meetings. construction. not as a request for an approval of a proprietary design or situation. Further. the B31 Mechanical Design Technical Committee will render an interpretation of any requirement of the Standard. Such proposals should be as specific as possible. Requests that are not in this format will be rewritten in this format by the Committee prior to being answered. Upon request. proposing revisions. Corre- spondence should be addressed to Secretary.`.`. Approved revisions will be published periodically.`````. they should not contain proprietary names or information. --`.” “certify. which are open to the public. users of this Standard may interact with the Committee by requesting interpretations.. ASME does not “approve.`. which may inadvertently change the intent of the original request.```. citing the paragraph number(s). Revisions are made periodically to the Standard to incorporate changes that appear necessary or desirable. As such.” or “endorse” any item. It is further recommended that the inquirer submit his/her request in the following format: Subject: Cite the applicable paragraph number(s) and the topic of the inquiry. ASME Standards are developed and maintained with the intent to represent the consensus of concerned interests. the proposed wording.. CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE B31 COMMITTEE General.`--- vi Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale... ASME procedures provide for reconsideration of any interpretation when or if additional information that might affect an interpretation is available. Attending Committee Meetings. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT .`. Edition: Cite the applicable edition of the Standard for which the interpretation is being requested.```.. Interpretations. B31 Committee The American Society of Mechanical Engineers Three Park Avenue New York. The Committee welcomes proposals for revisions to this Standard. The inquirer may also include any plans or drawings that are necessary to explain the question. NY 10016-5990 Proposing Revisions. and a detailed description of the reasons for the proposal. however.-`-`. The B31 Committee regularly holds meetings.” “rate. Persons wishing to attend any meeting should contact the Secretary of the B31 Committee.. proprietary device. Interpretations can only be rendered in response to a written request sent to the Secretary of the B31 Committee. Question: Phrase the question as a request for an interpretation of a specific requirement suitable for general understanding and use. or activity.`.. as demonstrated by the experience gained from the application of the Standard.

arc initiation characteristics [see paras..`.11.1 Scope using a Level 3 assessment in accordance with paras. Part PL. 1. less than 25% of SMYS) may be wall. loss (a) Pipe operating at low hoop stress levels due to (f) metal loss of any depth with respect to the pipe internal pressure (e.g.7(e) and (f)] unless burns. (c) grooving corrosion. it may also be read to apply to piping or pipe conforming to the acceptable 1. (i. 1.```. pipe wall dimension (b) Pipe affected by general corrosion of the pipe wall (g) metal loss in new pipe where allowed by the appli. 2. ASME B31.4(a) and (b) for Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids.`.. described below.4 Additional Considerations tics. ASME B31G-2009 MANUAL FOR DETERMINING THE REMAINING STRENGTH OF CORRODED PIPELINES --`. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT .e. and provided mate- of the transportation pipeline codes that are part of rial strength properties at temperature are considered ASME B31 Code for Pressure Piping.`.```.. This document is intended solely for the purpose of 2. except that due consideration shall be given to the perforated by corrosion without inducing structural accuracy of measurements and effective corrosion rates material failure.2 Acceptable Applications grinding (b) metal loss in indentations or buckles resulting in The application of this document is limited to the radial distortion of the pipe wall larger than 6% of the evaluation of wall loss in metal pipe within the following pipe outside diameter.3 Exclusions applications and within the technical limitations dis. ASME (k) metal loss in pipe where internal pressure is the B31. Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines.`. 1. 1.7(e) and (f)] unless 1. Gas additional considerations] Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems...4.. and (f) pipe operating at temperatures outside the range elbows of operating temperature recognized by the governing (e) metal loss that incidentally affects longitudinal or standard or operating at temperatures in the creep range helical electric seam welds or circumferential electric welds of sound quality and having ductile characteris. cracks. Slurry Transportation Piping Systems.. or other defects from the a Level 3 assessment is performed in accordance with pipe surface para.-`-`.2(b) and 2. unless a Level 3 assessment is limitations: performed in accordance with para. or prefer- above ground.`--- 1 INTRODUCTION (h) metal loss in pipe material having ductile fracture initiation characteristics [see paras. namely: ASME (j) metal loss in pipe operating at any level of allow- B31. considerations] Where the term pipeline is used.. ambient within the range of operating temperature rec- ble to all pipelines and piping systems within the scope ognized by the governing standard.`. 2. provided workmanship flaws are not present in The user is cautioned that additional considerations sufficiently close proximity to interact with the metal may apply in certain situations.. It is applica.`````. and primary loading [see paras. Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid able design hoop stress [see paras.`.3 (a) metal loss in pipelines located below ground. manufacturing defects.. or offshore ential corrosion affecting pipe seams or girth welds (b) metal loss due to external or internal corrosion (d) metal loss in fittings other than bends or elbows (c) metal loss produced by grinding where used to (e) metal loss affecting material having brittle fracture completely remove mechanical damage.3 providing guidance in the evaluation of metal loss in (i) metal loss in pipe operating at temperatures above pressurized pipelines and piping systems. This document does not apply to the following: cussed below.8. corrosion-caused wall loss over the entire pipe sur- cable code of construction face) effectively operates at a greater hoop stress than 1 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.. selective corrosion.12. induction bends. The methods and criteria provided when the depth of metal loss exceeds 80% of the actual herein do not address failure by perforation.4(c) and (d) for additional ASME B31. 1.4 (d) metal loss in field bends. (a) crack-like defects or mechanical surface damage not completely removed to a smooth contour by 1.

. A p local area of metal loss in the longitudi. Fitness-for-Service. and on the desired degree of refinement of purpose guidance document. or Level 3 analysis. calcu.. such as API 579-1/ corrosion technician.`--- methods and criteria provided herein do not address (b) A Level 1 evaluation is a simple calculation that buckling or wrinkling.5 Nomenclature identified by inline inspection.. FFS-1–2007. for-purpose guidance document. MAOP p maximum allowable operating pressure (d) A Level 3 evaluation is a detailed analysis of a MOP p maximum operating pressure specific flaw in accordance with a user-defined method- PF p estimated failure pressure p SFD/2t ology. ze p Le2/Dt ing a significant circumferential extent.`. and failure criteria. Level 1. A Level 1 evaluation is also suitable for use in prioritizing metal-loss anomalies 1. or Level 2 evalu- perature.```. editions of ASME B31G and have been supplemented ling. with full justification for loadings. could change the failure mode from longitudinal 1. may equal SMTS ations for the purpose of determining the need for a SYT p specified yield strength at temperature. Actual material properties from mill test reports may equal SMYS (MTRs) or laboratory testing. Also. the user and quality of data available with which to perform an should refer to a more comprehensive fitness-for. if known with sufficient 2 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale. coating inspector. For such situations. herein do not address circumferential failure due to high Level 2.6 Analysis Level to circumferential.`.. the hoop stress due to internal pressure is the t p pipe wall thickness largest stress and will govern the mode of failure.```. or other individ- ASME FFS-1. and axial extent of metal loss. such as API 579-1/ASME the analysis. For such situations. It typically relies on detailed measurements of the A0 p local original metal area p Lt corroded surface profile. ASME B31G-2009 the nominal hoop stress based on the original wall SF p safety factor dimension. defined in para.. ual having appropriate training. Sflow p flow stress.`.`````. --`. A Level 2 evaluation may Le p effective length p L(␲/4) be suitable for use in prioritizing metal-loss anomalies M p bulging stress magnification factor identified by high-resolution inline inspection.`. evaluation be conducted in the field by an engineer. The out the need for performing detailed calculations. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT .. may equal MAOP or ditions. extent and acted on by high longitudinal stresses in These tables are carried over without change from earlier compression could be susceptible to wrinkling or buck.. boundary con- PO p operating pressure. It is intended that a Level 2 E p elastic modulus of steel evaluation be conducted by an engineer or technician L p length of the metal loss having appropriate training..-`-`. depending on the quantity longitudinal tensile stresses. 1. repair.7(b) SO p hoop stress at the operating pressure. used when conducting Level 0. material properties. evaluation. It is intended pressure and longitudinal compression could interact to that a Level 0 evaluation be conducted in the field with- lower the failure pressure in the metal loss area. (c) A Level 2 evaluation is one that incorporates a nal plane greater level of detail than a Level 1 evaluation in order AC p cross-sectional area of Charpy impact to produce a more accurate estimate of the failure pres- specimen sure. High z p L2/Dt longitudinal stresses in tension acting on metal loss hav. the combination of hoop stress due to internal by the addition of tables in metric units.`. and involves repetitive computa- D p specified outside diameter of the pipe tions that may be facilitated by the use of computer d p depth of the metal loss software or spreadsheets. (a) A Level 0 evaluation is one that relies on the tables (d) Metal loss having a significant circumferential of allowable defect length and depth found in section 3. 1. in unrestrained piping. Evaluation of individual deep pits within a SMTS p specified minimum tensile strength at generally corroded area should account for the effect of ambient conditions wall loss due to general corrosion. Level 1. or interaction of hoop stress with relies on single measurements of the maximum depth longitudinal compressive stresses. It is MOP intended that a Level 3 evaluation be conducted by a PS p safe operating pressure p PF/SF technical specialist having appropriate expertise in the SF p estimated failure stress level subject of fitness-for-service assessment.7 Material Properties and Other Data lated as POD/2t (a) Specified minimum material properties shall be SUT p specified ultimate tensile strength at tem.. SMYS p specified minimum yield strength at ambi- (c) Under conditions normally encountered in buried ent conditions pipelines. It is intended that a Level 1 the user should refer to a more comprehensive fitness.`. The methods and criteria provided The user may choose to conduct a Level 0. accounting for the actual distri- CV p Charpy V-notched impact absorbed energy bution of metal loss.

.. Research indicates (g) Some operating conditions. Not between listed temperatures. which evaluation level and evaluation method to select. however.. single a suitable safety factor. and in any combination) are considered to Level 3 evaluations. but the user of such methods shall be able to demon- (e) Pipe body material may be considered to have strate that the objective of a safe and reliable assessment adequate ductile fracture initiation properties for pur. In addition.`. some materials. Sflow shall not exceed SMTS.-`-`. It is not a property specified in a material metal loss due to corrosion. Sflow shall not exceed SMTS. or long-term exposure to sour envi- (1) Sflow for plain carbon steel operating at tempera. user. Other seam and weld types purpose of establishing a probability of failure. All methods described herein have been demonstrated to provide reliable and conservative results when they Linear interpolation of strength values is allowed are applied correctly and within stated limitations. shall be investigated to establish fracture properties the details of such analyses are outside the scope of this before applying methods described herein to metal loss document. It is at the operating temperature in accordance with the the responsibility of the user to determine unitary con- ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. or Level 3 evaluation. Consideration shall be given to (b) Flow stress is a concept relevant to fracture mechan. 3 --`.`````.`.`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale. temperature service. This in other documents available in the public domain.1 ⴛ SMYS.2(a). ducting a Level 0 evaluation. or room tem.. D. a Level 1. at temperatures below 250°F (120°C) may be defined by 1. and submerged arc processes (manual or or anomalies. 2. gas metal arc. the disposition of workmanship flaws or manufacturing ics and is used in the Level 1. 2. ing factor specified by the applicable construction code. or for all types of flaws flux cored arc.. The user should consider referring to applicable (d) Only the specified nominal wall thickness shall sources as necessary in order to best implement a given be used for the uncorroded wall thickness when con.`. the computed failure stress is equal to or greater than (f) Electric resistance welded (ERW) seams that have the hoop stress at the operating pressure multiplied by been subjected to a normalizing heat treatment. for welds made using the shielded metal arc. of metal loss can be achieved. all modes of pipeline operation.`. It is noted that Sflow was methodology are cited..```. the following considerations apply: SMYS not in excess of 80 ksi (551 MPa) may be defined by Sflow p (SYT + SUT)/2. have adequate ductile fracture initiation properties for rial properties may be used with Levels 1.8 Evaluation Procedure Sflow p SMYS + 10 ksi (69 MPa). Evaluations shall be carried out in accordance with (3) Sflow for plain carbon and low-alloy steel having the procedures described in section 2. and Level 3 flaws within a weld or seam that could interact with evaluations. ASME B31G-2009 confidence to warrant their usage. use. applicable pipe product specification.```.1 ⴛ SMYS in previous editions of B31G.9 Safety Factors and the Meaning of Acceptance temperature at which 85% shear appearance is observed A flaw or anomaly is considered acceptable where in a Charpy V-notched impact test.`. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . could adversely tures below 250°F (120°C) may be defined by Sflow p affect the ductility and fracture toughness properties of 1. Level 2. the various definitions produce acceptable operating procedures. that is consistent with its applies. such as low- that it may be defined variously as given below.`. may be used with automated.. Further references may be found defined as 1. or 3 for purposes of this Standard. If known with confidence.. Statistical representations of mate. and girth that is suitable for all types of pipeline construction. Part version factors as may be required. grade or finished product standard. method. definition remains an inherent element of the Level 0 While each method can be applied as presented. It is the user’s responsibility to consider (2) Sflow for plain carbon and low-alloy steel having such conditions where necessary before applying meth- SMYS not in excess of 70 ksi (483 MPa) and operating ods described herein. ronments or to very high temperatures. all methods give identical numerical results or consistent (c) This document does not prescribe which definition degrees of conservatism. poses of this Standard if the material operates at a tem- perature no colder than 100°F (55°C) below the 1. Where more than one definition experience and judgment. There is no single safety factor and double submerged arc welded seams. where SYT and SUT are specified (a) Units may be in any self-consistent system. source assessment and is recommended with the Level 1 assess- documents may provide additional information to the ment performed in accordance with para. (d) Other evaluation methods may evolve or come the actual uncorroded wall thickness may be used with into use which were not contemplated by this document. based on definition applies. Section II.. with a suitable It is not the intention of this document to prohibit their adjustment of the hoop stress due to internal pressure. (b) This document makes no recommendation as to perature strength multiplied by the temperature derat. affecting such welds. Level 2. It is the pipeline operator’s for flow stress should be used where more than one responsibility to select an evaluation method. though not necessarily identical results when used with (c) Original source reference documents for each any given evaluation method.

it is sufficient to consider the most strate that adequate checks or warnings are produced severe longitudinal section through the corroded area when parameters fall outside ranges that will ensure having a length L2 in Fig. correct results. guideline is suggested with reference to Fig. J. The following docu.g. minimum ment summarizes the results of burst tests and service thresholds for reporting. 1.```. It shall be evaluated 1. the pipeline investigations carried out in the field.11 Accuracy for safe operating pressure as with corrosion having a Consideration should be given to the accuracy of helical angle greater than 45 deg to the pipe axis. I. e.`.12-1. evaluation method... the characteristics of the pipe. The following sessment interval to the next inline inspection. Vieth.13-1 shall be considered in the evaluation. based on limited testing and analysis: 1.. and which have previously been used for the over large areas). If the helical pattern lies at an angle of 45 deg or greater Validation of third-party software should also demon. the overall length of the corroded area indicated as method that have been calculated in accordance with L1 in Fig.`. 1..`.. or in a remote location having dimensions indicated by inline inspection without ade- reduced consequences of failure.. Lesser factors of safety may be justified inspection may be evaluated by a Level 1 or Level 2 in some circumstances. the reliability The methods described herein are suitable for evaluat- of surge control or excess pressure limiting methods.” PRCI Catalog No. “Continued Validation of RSTRENG. In establishing the quate calibration or verification of actual flaw sizes by safety factor for a given pipeline segment.```.. Care should be exercised when grouping or clustering Validation of software should include documented anomalies indicated by inline inspection for purposes of evidence that correct results are obtained over the full evaluating interaction during the prioritization process. operator shall give consideration to the accuracy of cor- rosion depth and length measurements. ing isolated areas of metal loss. 1996.. in locations of greater risk to the public or Metal-loss corrosion anomalies indicated by inline the environment.`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale. L51749... Corrosion may occur with a circumferential orienta- tion. Inter- spreadsheets. Dec. and the expected mode of coat- failures of line pipe affected by corrosion or artificial ing failure (e. longitudinally or circumferentially from each other ware packages.`.`. such that multiple areas of metal loss are closely spaced When evaluating anomalies identified by inline longitudinally or transversely. Evalua- recorded flaw sizes.. based on an analysis of the separate flaws. can greatly facilitate Level 1 evaluations.. Methods employed for clustering of purpose of validating the evaluation methods presented inline inspection anomalies should be validated by field herein: Kiefner. Contract PR 218-9304. for limited periods of time. 1. Level 2 and Level 3 evaluations. of metal loss for reliable detection and sizing.g. 1.10 Software (a) Flaws are considered interacting if they are spaced The use of commercial or proprietary computer soft. range of parameters that could reasonably be expected Consideration should be given to minimum thresholds to occur when making evaluations. e. to the pipe axis. verification of actual flaw dimensions and spacing.. cases. as well as purpose-written programs or within a distance of 3 times the wall thickness (3t). Corrosion may occur and the presence of external factors that affect risk. localized failure versus disbondment metal loss.13 Flaw Orientation Validation may be demonstrated by comparison of Corrosion caused by disbondment of continuous calculated results against published benchmark test data wrapped coatings may exhibit a helical pattern. detection tool error. particularly where indirect methods tion of the circumferential extent of corrosion subject 4 --`. If the such as that found in the above reference. Methods account- equal to the ratio of the minimum hydrostatic test pres. rates of corro.13-1.. but usually not less than 1. Noninteracting flaws and spreadsheets.. P. acting flaws should be evaluated as a single flaw com- and is practically a necessity for conducting thorough bined from all interacting flaws. It is the user’s responsi. or statistical analysis of the probable Larger factors of safety may be appropriate in some flaw sizes or risk of failure. 20. This can increase the reas. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . or against helical pattern lies at an angle less than 45 deg to the pipe results produced by another recognized evaluation axis.g. usage.`.. ing for uncertainty in indirectly sized flaws include sure required for the given type of pipeline construction increasing the flaw dimension in order to account for to the MAOP or MOP. and to train personnel in their correct should be evaluated as separate flaws. 1. and Roytman. in failure at a lower pressure than would be expected gation and pipeline repairs. use of larger factors of safety will result in closely.12 Flaw Interaction sion growth. e.`````.-`-`. H. this Standard.g. F.25. If spaced sufficiently inspection. The user is cautioned against over- or where additional procedures are in place to limit stating the precision of evaluations applied with flaw modes of operation. ASME B31G-2009 This document recommends a minimum safety factor are used to locate and size the flaws. adjacent to a girth weld. the metal loss areas may interact so as to result smaller flaws being left in service following field investi. (b) Flaws are considered noninteracting if spaced out- bility to verify the accuracy and reliability of all software side of the above dimensions.

thickness from appropriate records or direct They provide a ready reference of maximum corrosion measurement of the pipe. Compare SF to SF ⴛ SO. The flaw is acceptable where SF is equal to or areas of a pressurized pipe. area.`.1 ⴛ SMYS. Step 6. Therefore. Read across to the column showing the wall SF p Sflow 冤 1 − 2⁄3(d/t) 1 − 2⁄3(d/t)/M 冥 thickness of the pipe. SF. Application of the tables to the evaluation of corrosion in pipelines operating at hoop 2 EVALUATION METHODS stress levels greater than 72% of SMYS will result in a factor of safety that is proportionately less.8z)1/2 equal to the measured maximum depth of the corroded area. while the use of equations given document.003375z2)1/2 5 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale. corrosion or an interacting cluster of metal loss areas. The tables may be used to determine the maximum Care should be taken when cleaning corroded allowable longitudinal extent of a contiguous area of areas of a pressurized pipe.`.1-1. or where PF is equal to Step 4.`. to a more comprehensive fitness-for-purpose guidance The tables were designed to provide a minimum factor document.`. 2. from appropriate records. Step 7.`--- Tables of allowable length of corrosion are found in 2. found at the inter- section of the wall thickness column and the SF p Sflow(1 − d/t) depth row is the maximum allowable longitu- dinal extent of such a corroded area.39 for pipelines operating with a hoop stress of 72% of SMYS.. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . Step 5. and longitudinal extent of the corroded procedure described in the following steps: area. L. The tables are carried over without change Level 1 evaluations shall be carried out consistent with from previous editions of B31G and have been supple- the procedure described in the following steps: mented by the addition of tables in metric units. Note that previous editions of B31G incorporated a Step 8. Step 2. For such situations. d.-`-`. Determine pipe diameter and nominal wall Step 4. Clean the corroded pipe surface to bare metal. L. Step 5. Measure the maximum depth of the corroded Evaluations shall be carried out consistent with the area. For z ≤ 50. L. and also for very long (b) Modified B31G. Select an evaluation method and calculate the Step 2.. tive than those obtained by performing a Level 1. of safety of 1. They Step 1. [References: ANSI/ASME B31G-1984 and ASME or Level 3 analysis. such as API 579-1/ASME FFS-1. Step 1...```. Level 2. SF. use the column for the next For z > 20. Care should be taken when cleaning corroded Step 8. as shown in Fig. 2.. d. corroded areas.2 Level 1 Evaluation section 3.1 Level 0 Evaluation --`. particularly for operating hoop stress B31G-1991. locate the row showing a depth M p (1 + 0. Clean the corroded pipe surface to bare metal. Step 3. For if its measured length. L. Determine applicable pipe material properties thickness from appropriate records or direct from appropriate records. measurement of the pipe. and longitudinal extent of the corroded If the flaw is unacceptable based on Step 8 above. the user should refer below may show that it is acceptable.] levels less than 72% of SMYS. Locate the table corresponding to the size of (a) Original B31G the pipe. greater than SF ⴛ SO.. Measure the maximum depth of the corroded or greater than SF ⴛ PO. Define an acceptable safety factor. use of the same The tables produce results that may be more conserva. choose the row showing the next greater depth.. does not exceed the consistency in comparison to results obtained from eval- value of L given in the table. The value.`````. as shown in Fig. The metal loss area on the pipe is acceptable definition for flow stress of Sflow p 1.1-1. definition for flow stress is recommended. If the exact measured value is For z ≤ 20. Determine pipe diameter and nominal wall were calculated from the equations for a Level 1 evalua- tion in accordance with the original B31G methodology. pressure can be reduced such that it is less than PF/SF. Step 3. the area.`.`. 2.6275z − 0. thinner wall. Step 7. Step 6. not listed.```.. D. uations performed to an earlier edition. the tables may show that a given corroded area is unsuitable for the current M p (1 + 0. lengths for a range of pipe sizes and depths of corrosion. Determine applicable pipe material properties estimated failure stress. If the nominal wall thick- ness is not listed.. In the table. ASME B31G-2009 to high axial pipe stresses is outside the scope of this operating pressure.

the nominal pipe wall thickness or less is not limited as Increments of measurement need not be uniform.`.] its simplest form. “Project govern.g.3 Level 2 Evaluation 2.85(d/t) ble combinations of local metal loss with respect to sur- SF p Sflow rounding remaining material.. boundary conditions and con- sion or remaining wall thickness throughout the straints. with respect to original material. A failure criterion should be developed 1 − A/A0 SF p Sflow that considers the strain capacity or fracture resistance 1 − (A/A0)/M characteristics of the material. M p 0.. L51609.. Corroded Pipe... is equivalent to the Effective Area (c) API 579 Level 1.. ovality. a spreadsheet) in order to carry out an P.```.-`-`. The Effective Area Method is expressed continuities. H. meeting the requirements of this document. when reduced to 1990. 20. If using a grid (b) Metal loss having a maximum depth exceeding pattern. F. J. and Vieth.3 n!/2(n − 2)! iterations are required to examine all possi- 冤 冥 1 − 0. A0. The local solution 1 − 0. The “API 579 Level 2” assessment.`. and Vieth. and therefore qualifies as a when reduced to its simplest form.`. profile defined by n measurements of depth of corrosion including the end points at nominally full wall thickness. 1989. and as follows: effects of the flaw on the overall distribution of loads 冤 冥 and stresses. H. Level 2 evaluations shall be carried region.. by iteration. A. 6 --`. such as a finite element analysis of the corroded RSTRENG method.. The “API 579 Level 1” assessment. (2) Kiefner.” Oil & Gas Journal.4 Level 3 Evaluation Level 2 evaluations are performed using what is A Level 3 evaluation typically involves a detailed anal- known as the Effective Area Method or sometimes the ysis.`````. J. subject to allowable length.. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . F.`.```. Such measurements may 3-12M: be arranged in a grid pattern. to limitations of application software. ASME B31G-2009 For z > 50. 22. and external forces. is of a similar format Level 2 assessment for purposes of meeting the require- to the other Level 1 methods presented herein. material stress–strain characteristics. “New Method Corrects Criterion for Evaluating evaluation using the Effective Area Method. approach (e. deformations. the analysis must be repeated along each merid. 6 and Aug. The 3 TABLES OF ALLOWABLE LENGTH OF CORROSION detailed profile is established by obtaining several mea- surements of metal loss or remaining wall thickness The following are applicable to Tables 3-1 through throughout the metal loss area..`. Method presented herein. [References: Same as in para. except that the Effective Area Method gener. Similar issues should be considered in developing a suitable safety factor as were The Effective Area Method evaluates. Refer to API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 fore qualifies as a Level 1 assessment for purposes of for detailed instructions. P. For a corroded evaluated using the tables of allowable length. all described for a Level 1 or Level 2 analysis. it is a practical necessity Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipe. ments of this document. 2.`.. Dec. possible combinations of local metal loss. Aug..032z + 3.85(d/t)/M resulting in the lowest calculated failure stress shall [References: (1) Kiefner. including loadings including internal pressure ally requires several measurements of the depth of corro. PR3-805: A Modified Criterion for Evaluating the Owing to its iterative nature.2(b).] 2.. and there. The analysis should accurately consider or out using a procedure similar to the ten steps described account for all factors which could affect the accuracy for Level 1.`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale. and dis- corroded area.” AGA Catalog to use a computer program or other algorithmic No. of results.. misalignments. 80% of the nominal pipe wall thickness shall not be ian to establish the governing solution. or may follow a “river (a) Metal loss having a maximum depth of 10% of bottom” path through the deepest areas of metal loss. It requires for input a detailed longitudinal distribution or profile of metal loss.

..`... 1.```.`.`--- 7 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.`````.12-1 Corrosion Pit Interaction Distances 3t 3t Longitudinal length Longitudinal length Fig....-`-`. 1.`.```.`.`.. ASME B31G-2009 Fig. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT .`.13-1 Helically Oriented Corrosion Pattern Use L1 for angle L1 < 45 deg to pipe axis Use L2 for angle ≥ 45 deg to pipe axis L2 --`..

ASME B31G-2009 Fig... LM Measured maximum depth of corrosion d --`.```.`.`.`.`.1-1 Corrosion Parameters Used in Analysis Longitudinal axis of pipe Measured longitudinal extent of the corroded area.```..`````...-`-`.`.`--- 8 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale... 2. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT ...`.

5 11. d.125 0.75 0.67 0.. 0..86 2.. . ..14 . .74 0...2 9. . .62 0.13 . 0.. ....99 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0... .9 18.......218 0. .1 .8 12..43 --`.58 0.1 12. .. t.92 1. 0... ..59 2.8 2.154 0..4 9.0 23. .51 1. .12 .7 58.21 0.00 1... .8 25..3 11.. 0.10 . . 6.8 3....1 23.6 8.`````.....0 2.99 3. 0..D. .8 72.15 ........ ..3 .3 .6 11....141 0.34 0. in.083 0.. .3 50...08 .05 0.5 9. 0..6 3..0 9..6 44.6 13.6 . 0.4 16. .30 No limit 0. 0.```.... 8..4 14.53 0. .11 1..0 9.74 2.. 0..0 81..0 14.5 9 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale..74 0..3 ... ..7 16.55 0. ..25 0. .3 10..35 0.. . .60 0...6 16. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . . ... .8 15... . .2 69.0 .9 9.41 0.94 2..9 8.. ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-1 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 2 and < NPS 6 Wall Thickness.31 0.4 4.70 0.8 10.5 ..5 0.5 25.0 13..47 0..86 2..`.. 8. . .71 2.5 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.79 0.. 10. . . mm Depth.7 28. . in..13 1. 9.66 0.109 0.-`-`.34 0.11 .35 0.92 1. 7.3 49.37 0. Depth. .7 76. .`. ..46 0.58 0.1 1.9 4..3 12.5 1. .4 14.. 0.2 3...7 10.99 0.9 1....`..06 0. .0 13.8 3.5 12. ...2 3.`--- 0...3 17.28 0.1 14....4 21.43 0.33 0....188 0.44 2.. .8 . .04 0... Wall Thickness.. . 9.40 0.43 0.3 No limit 0.1 2. .37 Table 3-1M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 60 mm and < 168 mm O.. .8 68..67 0. 8.... ..1 62.9 41.7 38.`.1 35.50 0..0 19.51 0.4 30.. 0......48 0. mm 2. .2 49.`. ..93 1.46 0....8 20..2 72.8 13...39 0.8 .48 0..03 0..38 0.22 0.7 1.8 3.02 0..53 0..5 23...94 2..49 0.9 3.41 0.. 8...7 17.3 7. . ..01 1...1 19.66 0.43 0... ....39 0.......4 2..40 0..31 0. d.0 10.58 0.2 4..16 . .8 5. 0..77 0.59 0. ..82 1..17 .8 .8 2... 7.172 0.49 0..`.. . .9 14.84 0.. 7.9 21..09 .9 20... .8 11.```..30 0..27 0. .60 0.5 10.. . ..9 4.8 11. ...18 1.1 15.31 0.... t.. .5 6.. .0 65..8 12. .39 0.07 ....33 0. .0 ...85 1.38 0...3 29.56 0. .40 1.7 28. ..

65 5...07 .11 1.`. ..76 10 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale. .. 0.78 1......32 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit --`. .59 0..89 1.11 . 0...`.46 0..54 2...99 1. 0...66 2.77 No limit 0...83 No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.40 5..85 1.22 .. .21 .03 0... 0... ..97 0.....93 0. ...`.23 ...78 0.05 0.68 0.083 0.....83 1.26 0.29 1.65 1.42 1..42 0....24 1..82 0.`. t.. ... .02 1. .. ..250 0. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT ..18 .65 0..17 . .89 3.. 0..64 0.80 1..52 0. .90 1..73 3.37 5. . ..10 . . .. 0..55 3.. . .74 0..73 1.88 0.11 3.67 0.. ..24 . ... .14 .53 4.16 .69 0.. .26 0.97 1. . ..76 0...80 0. .46 1. .06 0... 0.. .`..92 1. 0..37 0...54 0.`--- 0.60 0. 0.09 ..90 2. .. .54 1. . ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-2 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 6 and < NPS 10 Depth. .```....68 0. 0... ..96 1... .77 0..67 4.. 0.98 0.83 1.24 1..63 0..73 0..125 0.84 0.04 0. ..13 .69 0.. 0.. ... 0.188 0.15 . .44 0. 0.13 1..156 0..... .. ..203 0... 0....25 1. in.. 0. 0. 0. d.18 0.51 0. ....10 0...25 1..88 0. .19 .20 5. ..12 .04 1.....46 0..01 3.88 1...77 2. .66 0..11 1....59 0..30 2.`.61 4..00 5. .13 1.... ..75 0.04 0..61 0. ....98 1.-`-`. ..59 0..01 1.37 1.77 2...219 0..77 6.. in.56 0. Wall Thickness..91 3.86 6. .```.66 0.`````. .40 1.... 0.97 2..72 0.44 0.80 0.96 1. . . . .. ..20 .04 2.. ...35 0.08 4.10 1.08 .312 0...

8 5. ..9 0.4 22.3 24.8 103.. Depth.1 146..4 3. 17..4 48..0 . 15.5 17..3 .0 45...`. 21..7 67..3 25.. . ...1 73..5 10.6 ..`..5 25..2 --`.6 26....6 6.0 68...2 22.4 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0...7 39.....4 No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.. 16.5 69. 15.1 2..0 16. .8 121.`.1 31. . 13.. .. .. . ..9 19...5 50.8 .7 97. 15. .0 20.1 17..2 53...... 18.3 18...3 16..-`-`..1 146.......6 115.0 24..2 31. .7 20.1 21. ..6 1.2 3.4 34. 13.8 25..... .8 .1 . 15.6 37.`...4 23..6 ..4 44. ...1 42..7 40..3 .... . .7 24... .6 118.1 3. .8 23.4 4...4 2....`--- 11 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale..1 28. ..4 20. .6 5..1 18..6 19.```.0 132.3 5. Wall Thickness.4 31. . 22. . .4 No limit 1. ... ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-2M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 168 mm and < 273 mm O.8 3..6 85..8 24.. ... .7 22. .6 39..1 . . .. . .6 127....6 35..0 4.8 22.0 .4 7.8 91... mm 2.0 163....1 .```..1 57..0 58. . 17.0 4...4 5.0 137.4 163..1 28..9 4.4 28..5 38..9 36. 11.0 4...5 .6 31.8 ..5 2....6 16..6 1. .9 28..6 3..8 50.. .0 85..6 .4 37. .2 29.8 ... ..0 5. mm d..2 2. .3 . t. .. .6 18.. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT ...8 28.8 48.D.... 19... ...`..2 4. . . 15. . .. .`. . 16.. ... .. 14.1 21. 20..1 1.1 44.3 28. ..3 84.7 32.3 98...3 32.2 6.0 21.. .3 13. .. .5 26.3 34.9 19.3 .. ......8 .. ...2 5.`````.9 51.

.12 0..59 3.36 0..219 0.44 1. ..05 2.37 .80 0... 1. 1.18 .. .64 3. .82 2... 1.73 2..04 1. . ..66 2..98 2.30 4.`..31 1. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT ..29 6...29 4... ....35 .....06 1.22 1. 1.......34 . . ...04 2. .94 1... 1.. .. .54 1...13 1.`.59 1.40 3.93 1.19 1...```. 1.15 .80 0.46 0.23 0.21 2. . . .13 5...38 1..86 2.39 0. 1..57 2.26 1.... .`````.40 . .88 1.00 1... .52 1..99 1.20 0.95 0.30 1. . Wall Thickness...19 1.33 ...09 1...19 2. . ......24 2...81 2..47 --`. .38 0.. 1..75 1...21 .75 3....23 0.41 1.69 2.26 . ..90 2.....18 2..65 2..41 5.80 3. 1.30 .62 9. ..81 2... 1.. ...74 1. 1.... .78 3..32 0.03 4....20 .34 0....45 0.. 0. ...... .. .14 8..06 1.35 1....156 0. . . ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-3 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 10 and < NPS 16 Depth.26 3.72 10.69 4.07 1..39 0.17 1... 1.77 0.13 1...03 1.72 10.```.61 0.46 1... . ... .32 ...64 1.39 2.38 . .87 9.. .31 . 0..32 1. .307 0....92 7.62 8.`.18 5.62 8.22 2. .... 0.46 1..67 0..34 8.55 3.`..22 4.17 1.. 0. 0.. .77 8....74 2.09 1.14 8. in.16 .86 1. t.. . d.94 4.`--- 0. .. ..11 0. ..68 2.23 .87 7.... in. . 0.. .41 0.. .. .344 0.00 2. .02 5. ..62 8... .00 1.22 1.15 1.53 6...24 .. .03 0. ..... ..44 1..19 0. .50 0. .91 8. ... .80 0. 1...250 0.28 . ..82 1...68 1.24 0... .34 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.27 . 1.96 2.... .94 1.92 1.31 1.05 1. .17 ..99 3... .. 0....11 2.39 . .01 2..`. 1.55 0..39 0.56 1.40 5. 1.09 1..81 0..99 1.12 0. . ..... .36 .37 1..35 4.09 0..22 .97 0..72 10..51 2.. .67 4..29 1..61 0.87 0.60 2.48 4. . .. .12 2...19 .14 1...92 6. . .16 12 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.42 1.28 1.`...500 0.438 0.10 9.365 0... . ... .08 1.. ..13 . . 0..46 1.. 1.87 No limit No limit 0. 1... .. ..28 0.25 1..48 3......80 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.37 10. .... .64 0.25 1.14 .59 1..73 0.29 ..-`-`.84 1.. ....93 6.25 ....05 1. .06 1. ..08 1.44 2.. .37 1.21 1.14 1....95 0.39 0.45 2...79 2.39 2. ...91 2.87 9... 0. 1.10 0.99 1.08 1.99 3. ... 0.85 8... . .

8 27. ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-3M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 273 mm and < 406 mm O.3 99. .. .`--- 5.8 155.0 4.. ... . .1 44.5 4..5 6.3 ..9 70...... 30..... .8 109. ...9 .5 3.9 7.7 34.7 42.0 238...9 263..9 8...5 8.4 246...8 206. 26..3 31.. 27.9 263.... .6 67.3 29.. .`...7 7. 32.1 . . 25...5 168.9 .3 61.9 56.8 2. . . .0 88.7 32.6 218.1 76. . Depth. ..3 23.1 44. .7 37...6 46.3 4.3 35.4 7.8 8.7 68....6 186....8 31.7 218.4 186.7 36.4 2....8 ..5 34... 26.. t... ..9 62. .... ...3 3.8 225. .....6 35.. .8 40....6 .. . Wall Thickness.....5 107.0 96.8 19..7 ....0 124... 21.9 57... 30..9 176.7 8.0 39.. 26.3 62.. ......`.8 41.. .0 55...7 51. mm 4...5 10..2 34.0 56.8 71.5 50...6 .1 12.. .4 59.. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT ..3 .. .1 174..0 7. 25..0 37.9 81. .8 38.. .6 40.. 27.9 .2 88. ..8 28.5 21.7 47.8 225..6 5.4 60. .. 25... 27.1 42.8 140... 28.3 124.7 218..`. .6 .. .... ....9 86.....5 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1..9 53. .7 0...6 .. .6 75.9 45.4 9.....4 31.4 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.5 64. 31..`````.4 42.3 5..7 34.3 74..6 6..0 44..5 3...5 45.7 263.. . . .1 42. . .. 25.0 69. .4 246. .......5 2.. .. ..1 246.D.7 44.3 150.2 104. .3 40.1 51. . 33..3 11..8 46. 27. . .. .9 4.8 33.`.1 27.```.7 47.0 37...-`-`.6 13 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale..6 9. mm d.3 49..6 ... . .4 5..0 83.. .8 1... .6 6......1 8..3 49.. 22..1 ..8 . ... ...8 39.9 263.0 5.`. .3 83..0 61. .1 . 23..4 146. . .. .1 .7 --`. .0 6.. ..`...4 .4 7..0 17..5 36..2 33.9 87. 23.1 76.2 40.9 107..2 45..9 29. ..3 .5 30...2 31.3 25..1 56...4 28..1 122.```. . 20..2 3.....2 48. .0 26. .... . 29.1 143.4 9.4 50.3 36...1 123. .. .0 93.9 39..4 ..0 54. .7 35...8 30.. ..7 66.4 No limit No limit 1.8 36. .2 32.5 60. ..9 .3 212.7 9. .2 ....0 85.. ...5 53.1 ..3 36.0 40.3 29. 23. . ....5 9.7 106.8 1. 32.0 38.5 48.1 30. 33.1 38. ..4 52.5 147. .. . .. .8 .4 33.3 45. 29.... .5 65.6 .2 55. ..5 206.. 20. ..1 ... . ....8 225.8 2.4 ..5 67. ..5 6.....4 .

...30 6. ... 1. .77 8. . .. . 1.31 .87 10.. ....... ..22 ..59 2... .00 10.. .21 ... 1. ....87 1. 1.10 0. .71 2... .. .38 1..438 0.39 3...97 11. 1.80 0.39 1..19 3..88 0. . .48 ..32 2. .65 4.....`...84 0.42 2.48 14.07 1..59 14 --`. ..48 1.53 0.05 0....90 2.... ..95 1..`..23 3....35 0..51 10. ..15 2. .. ..86 12.61 3. ...96 10. ... . .. . in. .`````...53 1. 1. 1.17 0.44 1.36 0.. .96 2.312 0..```...60 1..79 2.83 2. 1...27 . 1.... .`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.13 2.45 2... 1...72 3..21 2.38 . . .52 1..17 0. .-`-`.00 3...94 0..21 12...27 2. .. 1.42 ...35 ..34 . ... .43 0. ... ..05 3.28 5.83 2.37 .73 2.06 4..41 .41 10. 1. .`. .24 1..24 1.43 3..86 12..67 0...`. ...01 10. .11 1.14 6... .45 14. 1.75 8..96 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0..03 2.15 7. 1.72 1. . .. . 1...22 0.00 8..63 0.11 0..51 2. . .50 .38 1.12 3..88 13..375 0.32 .85 0..97 11..44 .06 6..14 0. t. .. . . ..48 3...43 .. .32 1.17 0... ...08 1..20 .43 1. . ...00 1.53 1..36 .07 3....11 2.28 3... 1.28 2...21 1.10 6.88 2. 1..56 0..17 0.92 2.. .45 3.23 6...67 14. .. . .12 1..59 1.250 0.89 0. . ..96 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.17 5.24 5..77 2..63 7... ...91 3.75 0.. . .45 1.33 ..51 0. .94 2.81 3..97 No limit No limit No limit 0... .. .10 1..16 ...01 4. .72 2.25 .09 1.39 1.77 0..61 2...91 3...59 3...13 3..46 2.... .66 2.75 2..47 5.13 1.. .38 4. ..67 No limit 0. .99 0.51 10..36 4....23 ... ..10 0.. 1.86 2. 1. .. 1...96 2.. 1..29 0.74 3.```.`. Wall Thickness..44 11.. . 1. 1.77 5. 1.04 4.01 5.28 2.. ....66 2..... . 1. . . ....58 3...03 1. . 1.18 1.68 1... ...... .69 0.. 1. .37 2.37 4. .. d..34 10.21 1.23 0.83 2. 1.. ....18 4. .. .40 .. ...40 0. . .19 ..49 .. 1.38 3..18 .26 1. .87 0. 1.26 .....45 1....06 2...07 2. .74 3. .49 2..34 1..89 5.52 1....`..92 2..66 3...344 0...52 8.625 0. 1.. .51 4.56 2..24 . .67 No limit 0... .. ..03 7... 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT .17 ...01 10.. 1.39 .16 0.51 10. in.67 14... .....28 ... .61 2..99 2. ..36 0.02 5.. .74 2... .02 2. ..62 1...47 .30 1...99 0. ..43 0..33 1..29 ..71 0. 1... ...16 8.46 .......65 2.30 1..08 7. . ...85 4. . .52 2.....22 6...500 0.62 5.65 4.91 0. .....30 . .... ...15 0.....78 2.. .37 1. ...52 0..64 0.. .188 0.... . 0.. 1. . . ..11 2... .84 11. . 1.68 0..75 4...23 1.45 .13 1.. .03 2.14 1.65 0.39 4.. ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-4 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 16 and < NPS 20 Depth..59 0..48 2.98 0.10 2..28 1.86 12...

.5 38.4 188.8 359.7 11.. . 48..6 .5 60. 33. . .4 59..9 62...6 80.9 43... ..4 .5 42.. ...9 58.6 4...0 28.6 .2 267.2 41..6 9.8 130..7 152.1 ..4 .6 254... .. 39.5 65. .9 No limit 1..0 48..7 42..3 107. .. .5 5.. 31... ... ..8 48....7 57.8 8.9 117..0 73.. .2 71...9 47. 25..... .9 70.3 45...2 53.9 81..5 77..7 129. ..7 3.9 150..3 49.9 35.6 ...1 37.4 110.1 219. .. 33..`. ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-4M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 406 mm and < 508 mm O.`. .0 278.1 95. . .. .. ... ...4 54. 38. .2 85...9 171...6 113.4 12.2 .0 10..9 ..2 56. ...7 15.0 61...2 9.4 . .8 69.2 57....7 8.0 114. .. 30.. .9 359.... ...1 4.9 .......1 47. . .9 53.. .0 278.0 63.. . 40. .7 10.. ..2 5...9 73..8 2.. .8 227..6 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.2 259.9 137..6 46. .. .5 69. ....0 72. .8 93. .5 65.. 29. . .5 11.9 .```..2 321. . . . ..4 55. 33....6 35..4 7. .....7 No limit No limit No limit 1.0 9..6 75. .1 77......8 66.9 105...9 5.. . 41. .7 83. .. . .4 92..3 10... 33. 39..D....2 60... 36.. ..6 44. . ...9 . 32..4 7..4 36..6 50.8 ....3 166.4 227. t. .. . ..0 --`...5 301..3 38. ..7 ..9 0.3 .. . mm d.1 98... . ..`....3 85....1 189..0 278. 32. . ...4 . .. .6 82. ..```.`````.7 65.`--- 8.. .4 45.1 38.8 .1 ... .2 .9 46.2 132...4 49.7 60. . .4 .3 .8 69. 42.. 34..4 48.. .. .8 89.2 267..8 131..4 62.2 68.1 12.8 2........ .. 43. .. .2 53.6 161.. 37..5 6..6 ..8 101. Depth..... . 45..3 51.4 55. 40. ...0 51. 27. 50...5 63.....5 11...7 6.4 224.3 12..`. .0 43. .. .9 92..2 35.. ...3 254.8 22.. . .-`-`.5 321..9 85.8 40.7 ...1 52....2 267.8 43.9 11. . 32.9 6.7 129.1 290. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT .4 ..6 46.7 .7 4. 49.. ...7 9..6 56. .5 36.. 28.. .1 .7 57. 37.5 3.7 7.. 31.3 15 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.1 40.0 9..1 4...9 8.8 8.. .7 54. ..3 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.9 7..0 57. .6 24...9 41.. ...8 197...0 36. .5 151..6 149. Wall Thickness.. . ..7 72.5 86... 36..6 61..7 79.8 31.8 42.. .0 43. ..1 ..7 ..8 2..4 . ....8 351.. ... ..6 49... .6 5. .7 7.. .3 107..0 98... 30. . ....`.7 188.2 . .2 69.8 45. . .1 11....9 .4 6...6 .... .`.2 60...0 89.. ......4 215....8 6.8 67. . .2 321.0 126.. ...3 77.8 50.. .3 152.7 301.. 44..9 No limit 1..8 109.5 34.. ..1 ....4 359. .2 321.3 26. 46.9 ...5 10.....8 2.. 35... .7 301...8 42..5 104..1 267..7 117... .2 40.8 3...7 78.1 76.0 38.3 63..9 359.4 12. . mm 4. ...9 91.8 105. . ... .... ..8 3..6 53.1 51........5 174..1 .7 54.6 44.

. 1.36 2. 1..61 15..18 ....87 0.79 2.76 0..74 3. .22 2..02 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0..90 0.. .04 8.72 0... .46 3.12 1..05 3.. ..54 2.. . .60 1.05 4.48 4.. Wall Thickness....27 2. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . .344 0.19 0. 0.89 6.. ... ..12 1.37 6..02 No limit 0....56 8.562 0.18 3.67 1. .21 0.12 2.... d......84 2... .. .43 3.73 3... .46 0..36 .75 12.36 1.21 3.72 14..83 10.08 5.92 2. ... ..10 1.32 5.`.. .61 0.84 0. ....45 2.78 16 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.66 3...72 14.17 15. 1. 1.45 .48 14.83 3.04 4..90 4.. ..72 14... ...25 .. ..34 . ..86 13..92 5..02 11.`. .17 2.70 11. .. ..70 2.72 14.61 5. .. 1.06 2.07 4..43 .... .39 .86 0. . .86 2.. 1.63 2.32 3. 1... 1.01 2. .41 3...50 ..56 0. 1....17 15. .66 7.41 ..96 3. 1. . .250 0.80 15..69 10..34 5.09 2..54 3.. 1..77 13.31 0.19 1.23 2.45 2.. .74 6. ..47 .29 .73 1..55 2...06 0.....73 2.46 2..17 1.75 12..54 4.38 .08 5.... .18 6. .....67 11..94 9.... ..38 2...02 15. .15 1...47 1.74 6. ..```.92 2. .11 2.24 2. 1.77 2..81 0.`````.29 --`..12 15.21 12.56 1. ...42 .63 3. 1. .500 0. . 1.42 9.17 No limit No limit 0.34 0.....59 0.54 8.22 4.12 0. .72 3.05 2.90 3.37 ..94 3. .. 1.75 8..75 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0..46 1..219 0. . . 1.04 0.14 1.38 10.`.26 1. 1. 1..27 .. .46 ..56 4.84 0.19 2. . t..38 3...67 2.20 2.....06 3.....42 0.88 3. ...73 6.15 3.. .36 4.66 7.19 .. ... . ..82 0. ....`..27 2.35 5..92 2.49 ..... . .64 4.54 12..74 2.. ..41 2. .93 0. 1.78 2.... .84 0.24 .23 0.99 2....`--- 0.31 2.... . . .....99 2...56 3. . .78 4. 1. 1.83 2..64 0...68 4.10 2.09 5...17 15.10 0.80 2...35 0.51 2.26 .23 .. 2...69 2. in.09 1.65 4. ....40 . ..77 3.70 2... ..04 3.60 5...61 7.... .91 0.406 0...61 0.77 13.36 2.88 2.49 0.. 1. .67 0..```....62 2..469 0. ... .30 .... ..98 2.... 1. 1.04 3..77 13..72 5..14 2... .41 1.. 1. .`.21 .13 0. ..96 0.77 0. ..33 .03 9....28 . .55 2.... ..38 4. 1.. .61 4.93 2..48 .64 2. .08 10...75 3.31 4..10 2. ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-5 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 20 and < NPS 24 Depth...80 2.17 1.62 1..99 0. .`. .57 0..08 3.51 1... in....01 0. .85 2.22 . 1.. 1.20 ..88 7..34 0.85 4.08 2..99 2..31 2.. .49 0.02 15.35 .79 1...55 3..05 2.16 2.07 2.11 1. .77 7.19 3. ... 1.26 4.57 1. .35 1..17 0.... .31 ..84 0.89 3. . .58 4.32 .16 1.-`-`.44 ....64 1. .33 0.48 1. ..97 3... 1.02 15..59 1.75 2. .. 1.13 1..95 6..93 2.. .89 3.31 2.64 11..625 0. ... . .88 2. .. 1.. .

6 91...1 58. ..0 120. .7 58.7 11....5 103.8 60.5 42.3 27.8 84.6 6.5 52.1 ...9 149...7 116.. .. .6 ... ..`..8 69..1 9.4 102.8 381.5 359..0 56....1 117. . . 41. .4 47.3 60. 43. mm 5.1 110.2 . .2 146...3 168.8 67.9 52.6 7.6 34.`.4 84.. 47.4 58.0 205...6 166..8 77.4 64.3 15. 37. .0 3..4 . . .4 69. ..0 47..4 8..5 129..3 2..0 7.8 77...8 298..8 358... 34.7 73.6 8...5 71. ...0 62. .....5 47.. 48.5 49. .. .4 103....4 11..4 269..8 46.... .3 2.0 9..1 254. .9 0.7 56.2 348.3 2.8 32...6 91.3 123.. . 28...6 324.5 9..6 12. ..5 170.2 53..8 .. 47. .. 42.9 52.6 .......8 61. ..2 54.5 89.1 .0 225.. 46. ..`````. ....1 8.. .2 ..1 92.. .2 10..5 393..3 57.. .. 45..9 69.7 7.8 4.2 55. .. . .9 .1 191...1 .5 402.. ...6 49.6 131..4 55.3 8.. .....5 No limit 1. ..... .2 81..1 ..3 51.-`-`. ..1 254.7 34.3 50.9 12.9 61.D. .2 45... .1 211. ..5 359.7 77.5 59.5 6.6 188.6 88.8 73... . 41. .`. 43..5 136. 43. ...`.. 35.. ...6 5...3 348. ...1 29.4 54. 41..7 240.0 39.. ..1 17 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.6 69.. .2 56...```..`.6 91..0 71.7 220.5 99...7 36.4 50.3 2..... 46.. . ..4 56.8 6.. ....4 298.0 62.0 116.3 45. . .3 5.5 325.2 .4 173. .7 55. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT .1 381.3 298.1 11..4 69.. . ..1 107. . Depth..6 88.8 82. ... .3 146... ... .3 53.5 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.4 .9 48.6 ...3 99..8 78.4 12..4 . 49....8 .7 143...6 90. 51.8 110.6 7..9 ...8 66.. 37..4 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.4 .1 45..8 5.1 53.8 201.7 44..6 6. . ..0 86..3 348....5 48. 45.8 11..4 109..3 348.1 --`..`. .5 402.3 81..7 14.3 93.3 60.. . 42... 39. . 39.9 68.. ... .5 166.5 359.6 50. . ..3 53.8 44.1 67.2 299.9 131.6 73. ..7 3..1 97.... t..7 .7 125...3 37.1 .9 . .5 73. 40..8 381. . .8 238.. .. ...... . .0 63.5 324.....8 124.. .9 50. . 38.7 . ..3 92.3 54..6 78...4 48... .4 78. ..6 96..2 85..8 10..4 66.1 119.. 30.. 43.`--- 3...7 110.....5 324.1 81.. ...2 9.5 65..5 245.. .8 No limit No limit 1.....8 117..0 195.4 ..3 74.2 10..1 141.9 .3 11. .4 99.4 62..8 75.9 .2 145.9 95.... Wall Thickness.3 49.8 381.9 6.4 .3 .5 5.8 70.2 12. 39.1 65.8 64. .5 63. ... . . .7 53.. ..3 4. ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-5M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 508 mm and < 610 mm O..6 10....6 76..1 8. . . .6 4. 45. ..... mm d.5 259.3 4.0 40. ...3 120.....1 60. 45.. .4 55..7 64.```.4 104. ....4 .4 186.. 32.7 ....6 402.6 84.7 73.5 359.4 3.0 52.7 . 41.5 80. .0 61..6 .5 402. .. .8 153....9 58.7 10.4 167.9 ..6 ...

.12 2. . .. .24 8..52 3.89 0.33 .. .....51 2.40 .24 2...01 3.98 2.13 1.65 0. .33 0.. in. 2.75 4.69 1.99 0. .52 0. .71 1. ..63 3.96 0. .`.35 4.45 No limit 0.49 3... .....36 . .. ..58 6..45 17...60 0...`. ... 1. ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-6 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 24 and < NPS 30 Depth.35 0.23 ..34 12. ... 2.13 10. ....31 2.49 2.77 2.19 2.00 4.45 17.52 0.79 3.49 2.. .. . 1.57 2.19 14...77 5. 1..90 4.250 0.20 1...93 4.39 3.312 0... . .. .94 2. 2...07 13.43 6.95 2.79 3.44 .99 3....45 5..31 1.95 0...63 1..04 4.```..83 2...35 . .47 17.22 3.15 3.... 2.98 2.10 0. .45 2...09 2..68 2.98 4.38 2..33 3.43 11.71 2.53 15.64 4. ...04 0..45 4.13 5..24 7.94 --`..65 0. 1.23 1.52 16. .90 0.53 15.61 0..36 2.95 2..07 0..46 ...03 15.10 7.16 3..26 ..19 4.. . ..91 2..17 1...17 3.`.35 8.37 .28 7....43 5..97 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.18 1.. ..86 2.50 4.27 7.81 2.469 0..17 6... 1..438 0.57 3. .....74 4..44 0....62 5.32 .17 2..06 5..27 4.77 1......53 2. ..69 3....17 0.15 5. . 1.. .41 10. .`--- 18 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale....79 3.. Wall Thickness. .39 1. . .49 4.45 ..10 2.44 14.71 3.68 7.11 0. . .44 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.16 1...11 2..28 .02 2...47 ... 1.83 14..53 15.85 3..`.33 4.17 2.. ...06 2.35 3. 1.40 2.18 2.. . 1.19 9.. 1... . .41 .625 0.10 2. .. .74 2.70 10..08 3.79 0.75 3. .29 .. .69 4.32 0.26 13...26 2.03 15.09 0. ...48 6.20 0..76 0.98 3.01 6.11 4.14 1..50 .52 16.. ..10 3. 0. 1..88 2.17 9.-`-`.76 5. ..59 2. .. .64 2.31 0... 1...88 3.99 3.91 5.48 .53 2...24 2... 1.21 ....79 2... .31 .15 1.. .45 17.32 2. .83 2. . ..28 2..51 0. ..10 2...87 2.21 5.37 5.28 0.50 12...22 9. .97 12. .44 8.10 2.375 0. . .. .39 .43 .82 4.. .03 10.22 . ..85 2..05 6.. 1. ...91 3.81 4. .49 ...30 6..42 .88 7.16 3. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT ..35 0...43 2..89 2.24 0.24 2.34 .. .. 1......59 2.89 2. 1.. 1...25 . t. ....44 14.00 2.`````..08 9.98 0...02 0.03 2.35 0....03 2..69 0.10 2.... d.500 0. .48 2. 1..97 2.51 15....61 3..05 7.12 0. 1..59 3....30 ..38 .04 10.`. .. 2. 1.... .02 16.. ..52 No limit No limit 0.35 3.. .24 2.13 2... ..12 2.26 0.61 6.34 2.04 5.562 0.07 4.88 3..57 3.. . . .15 0.35 0.. 1..81 0.. .69 3.26 13.78 3.27 ...38 15..61 3. .52 16.. . ..75 1.77 12. .51 1.```. . 1..96 2.03 2.59 2.12 11..44 1.78 2. in..`. 1..58 0.62 16. .. .38 0.... .37 2.. . 2.19 1.32 8. 1.. . .. .24 .04 0.35 3....73 0.39 0...73 5.70 2.03 15.03 15.47 5.64 2. ..04 3.

...2 417.```. .4 88.5 77.. Depth.9 . 47. .7 2....5 121. 41... 44..7 141..5 61... . 47.. .`.9 381. .. ...3 56.2 44.. .1 ....2 ..8 33..9 0.4 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.5 10.8 102.8 4.. ..1 57..3 59.. ..9 77.9 .6 104...2 60.. .3 71.6 46... .. . .1 31.9 12...9 48...6 96. .2 60...8 394.6 69..2 62.. 46.8 81.5 128..6 101.7 .. 50.4 ..9 440.6 12..0 50.8 76.1 4.9 72.... . .8 64.2 158. 43...4 5.1 .4 9. 48.5 311.. .3 6..3 50.9 11..1 80. 52..5 53..1 4..8 76. ... ..0 54.9 381.8 68... .2 78. 42.5 58..7 .....5 66.3 37.6 129..9 69... ... mm 6.1 3..7 2. .2 417.1 230.7 221. .0 162.7 14. . ... mm d.1 149...7 62..9 381. .9 12....9 ... .8 167.4 .`.2 430.9 .1 144..2 61.....0 10.6 35.6 160.1 ..1 159..6 ..2 No limit No limit 1...D.2 81.8 89. 49..3 63.0 368..3 7.7 8.5 48.8 95.9 67..4 163... .`. .4 368.3 124..3 186. 51.4 62..5 11. .6 96. ... 38.7 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1... .7 204. .2 112.4 7.3 . .1 53..0 85.2 417..1 66.2 95.. 41..5 51. .. ..8 114. ..2 356.6 206.8 60..7 2. . 49...9 3.3 8.4 317.1 231.7 311.5 129..4 50.5 109.7 83. ..1 40.8 278..1 104..5 269...9 139..9 90.6 3.5 55.8 275. 39.4 341.1 295. .9 88.0 68.6 .9 9.3 9.6 93.3 67.4 46.... ... 54.```.... ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-6M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 610 mm and < 762 mm O. .2 73.6 .7 53. ..3 9.5 84.0 278.8 59.7 2.3 158.1 144.8 392..4 70.9 .0 263.5 137.... 53.0 85..5 54.......3 55.4 .4 57. ... 45.... ...2 47..7 55.. ..6 8.2 104. .3 7.2 86. .... .`````... ..7 92.4 --`. .7 . .. . .9 .. 50.5 113..8 381.5 63..0 127. ..6 49.4 58. .6 284.7 .2 ...0 73. .1 120.9 59..3 66. .6 197.9 440. t. .4 10.4 71.9 186.3 15.5 11.5 57.3 75..0 100.6 5. .7 78... .4 59.2 .2 327.3 80..1 84.`--- 5. ...4 .2 7. .6 .2 117.0 56. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . .3 65..5 51.1 3.8 .... 38..4 87.8 394. . . .1 51.7 53.. 42.3 131. .. 36. 40..3 64. ..7 6...2 417... ..4 368. 45.`.1 .4 49.. .4 ..1 94.9 No limit 1.4 182..3 89.2 70....4 341.5 101...5 133.7 65.0 70.3 128.1 92...0 231.-`-`.3 9.....9 440.9 105..2 182...9 440.4 . .4 99.8 85. .4 80. .8 6.2 12.5 341. . .6 55.8 5...7 96..6 56.9 51.9 11.4 11. .6 184.8 43...6 113. .1 73.4 183....7 7.. .....9 4.0 60. 55.. ..5 6.4 19 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.... . 47.. ..2 68..7 63.0 214...8 394.2 155.8 107.8 394. 43.4 ..2 75.1 11..`..3 49. .5 65. .2 57.`.......1 135.. ..9 75.. 45..9 108.1 8.6 241..4 65.0 80.. .6 120.. 44.4 117.. .. ... Wall Thickness.. .2 53.7 73.8 85.3 74.7 10. ...5 109..

. 1. ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-7 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 30 and < NPS 36 Depth. 2.28 ..44 3.28 2.. 0. .25 4.625 0.90 2.78 3.59 0. .42 5. 1.27 .40 20.`.. .88 3..33 3.. 1..438 0.18 1...66 3..35 0..18 3.. .71 15.22 .. 2.98 9..53 2.`.. in.27 2..... ..44 0.33 0..63 3..97 20. d..36 7..68 19...86 0.57 0.39 .. ........ .75 0.. 2.24 4.56 0.38 0.....54 0. .69 2.91 5. .47 ..07 0..-`-`. .. . .36 .35 19.27 13.18 2......44 ..07 4.. 2.94 2... in..51 ... 2..50 .53 4.12 0.....82 2. . ..18 0. ....87 0. .. .71 15....37 . .04 2.93 4.. .89 2.44 3.32 .... 2..17 13....10 16. 2...42 20.24 17. 2.81 0.35 0.. .93 0... 1..33 .55 5.03 2.. ..03 3.10 0.06 5..61 5.53 . .17 12. . .. .24 17.`. 2..35 No limit No limit 0.00 4.91 2.25 .. . .23 2.35 3. ...07 2. .03 No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.35 0.35 0...42 18.80 4.52 ..17 2.27 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.21 0.79 3.40 20.19 5...688 0.55 4. 2.41 0.54 .45 ...00 6.11 2.23 3..54 3. . .41 ..50 0.. . . 2.14 15. .40 4.. 2.. ..99 2....26 2.....12 4...43 3. ....81 3.46 2. 1. 2..51 3.12 3..35 0.62 6. .96 7....59 3.`````... .. 2.96 10.28 20 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.. .. 1.49 7..88 2...22 11..78 8..70 8..75 4.88 3.48 .98 0.03 16. .26 0.40 2..30 .21 3.65 3. ..20 3. 1.. ...```..09 9.78 2.... ..05 3.24 ....75 2. .29 . 1.68 10. .85 15...35 19.08 2.. .44 0.46 2.82 0.03 12...`.10 2. .... ..25 --`.49 7...`--- 0.33 4. .61 2.. ....16 1...60 5. .89 4. 1.375 0.. ..39 4.91 4..40 3..12 5.04 12. ..95 7. . ...13 3. 2..08 4.14 3. 1.50 3. 2.96 2.64 0. 2.68 0. . .02 0.35 2.35 10.27 5. .77 5.75 5.. ...28 4.. ..35 No limit No limit 0.26 0..64 0.23 ..08 3... t..94 3...10 2.69 13..55 .89 8..33 8. 2..81 6..... .. . 1.32 6. .49 .312 0..74 0.. . 2....83 2. .46 ..05 5. .```.09 3.40 .63 3.26 .35 0.42 .40 20. .. ..35 0.77 2. .96 3.34 2.61 19. . 1...38 1.... ...67 4.98 2..66 2.35 .95 0.21 13... .26 0. ..03 16.17 1.19 15.62 0. 1.83 8.. 2...85 5.35 4.99 0.500 0... .98 11.250 0.. ..... .40 20..50 3...63 0.15 0.16 6. ...11 4..15 1.24 17..01 2...56 2... ... .14 2..72 5.... .74 0.99 17.. .... .36 6. . ..38 3. ..63 6..09 2... .39 0.04 14.. 2... .89 3. Wall Thickness.99 4.. .96 0.. .20 5...17 2..35 3..`.05 8.12 2.20 1. . 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . 2.07 11..77 3.34 . ...`..68 3... .13 2.21 .38 .27 3...60 3..12 8.. .69 3.94 0...62 6..68 2.57 4.31 .19 1. .. ... ..73 3.21 2.82 5.07 0.39 8.43 ...

...9 9.6 79.7 517.2 130....0 68...7 .0 21 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.. . .9 .4 9.2 285. . .7 15.`--- 6. .. 62.0 .. 55.9 ..0 57.7 No limit No limit No limit No limit 1. mm 6..1 8.3 66. 67.1 .1 79.8 228..5 5.1 53.. 58.... .6 5.0 177.7 517... .3 107. ...0 59. 52.8 95... ....0 11..4 65.3 87. .4 89.8 10.9 .6 13... . .7 173...2 64.7 82.8 11.8 9.9 398..7 10. 49.6 . .6 87..7 --`.1 76.4 80.4 68.1 95.0 95. .4 71.. 53. 46.1 104.6 6.7 355.. ..7 517. 64.1 158.`.7 125... .9 17..2 60...4 12...0 182.3 68. 58....1 63.1 117.D.4 331.4 ..0 106..7 412.....0 3. ..3 57. 49. 59.5 63..5 440.....9 .... 45...3 517.7 92. 65....8 114.... .6 .8 67. .`.6 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.4 143.6 66..3 440.. mm d..6 ..9 3....3 131..2 74. ..8 76.. .6 117..9 73..4 62..8 73.6 51.. 47. ...6 84.8 4...6 56.6 .... .7 144.... .8 517.6 116. 48.. . 61.7 294. ..1 .```... .1 12.5 70..0 7.. ... t.2 122. ...8 187.5 139...6 89. .4 208..3 56.4 . ..9 492.. .4 ....5 69.4 103. ..5 348..5 252. . .0 307...1 45.8 ..8 126.. . . .7 73.5 9. . .6 120. .2 258. . .7 95.2 122... ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-7M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 762 mm and < 914 mm O. 52...5 75.0 104. . .2 74.0 12. .9 ..0 71.0 2...```....5 11...6 108..9 50.2 .6 6. Depth....-`-`..8 99.8 37...9 55.1 381..9 220..7 .7 149..1 8.. 50. .. .4 ......2 176.3 14.. .7 63... .7 492. .5 300.5 0.4 82.4 150.... ..4 412.9 85.7 .3 142..8 311...3 11.. . .`.....5 7.1 381. . .2 8...5 59. . .. .6 4.5 144.0 136. .0 .4 111.9 79. 62.....8 258. 69..7 151.2 9.3 82.5 8.5 135..0 94....8 55.. ..9 13.7 79.3 83. 44.7 .8 161. . 51..0 61..5 74.7 11.. ..4 ..2 128..9 116.2 70...7 90..8 146. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT .6 39..8 66...5 13. ..4 7..5 192..3 112. . .7 No limit No limit 1.7 208....3 117. . 43.....6 78...0 90.1 4.5 90.4 7.0 2.9 .1 ..0 2.7 517.6 348.. .`..... . ... .5 440... .3 125. . .9 73.9 3.6 77.3 239. 50.. . . .1 97..5 . .4 ... 48. .9 161.8 48..4 .. ..5 73....2 59.7 492.9 93..7 61... 42.4 135....6 10. .0 3.. 40..`````. ..3 .3 96. .9 7. .9 4..8 99.8 110.6 64.2 .1 70.9 228. . .. .. 55.4 205.0 311.1 366..8 5...2 .9 5. .7 412....2 .6 98.....0 2.2 492..... .3 208.6 84.3 257.... 54.2 155.6 80. 59.3 86. . ..3 101.0 13.9 401....3 179.1 ....0 10..3 481.5 440..2 6... .7 .6 57.`. 56.7 168..4 179..6 204. .2 108...3 42..1 34.1 106.3 101.7 381.2 77.`. .. Wall Thickness. ..2 85... 63. 46. 60. .0 86.6 12...7 No limit No limit 1.

65 4.66 5...44 11. . .49 2.50 ...31 .`.46 17.90 3.44 5.. ..41 .44 .. . . .......67 6.57 0.15 22. ..59 5... ..48 0.. 3...22 8. .95 2.16 1. 2.87 0.. ..33 .44 4..41 20..03 13. .. .27 5.. ..67 0.47 4.21 .26 6... .65 9. .10 3. .23 .. . .`````.... .04 13. .52 ..24 3.92 2. 2....95 3..75 0. .. .26 17.18 8. ..98 3. .. . 1..51 1. .`.. ..42 3..17 2.42 . .38 .22 11.50 2.83 9. 1.31 5. .89 0..19 3.72 5..60 10..54 .53 4....562 0.32 3..99 0. .30 0.64 0.05 8. 2.13 5. .. .. .91 0.58 6.10 2.......77 0...84 2.40 15.73 2.16 13..83 0.. .. .06 2.. 2.61 2.. 1.93 0. ... 1. ..35 ..17 1. . ... ..09 6.12 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0. ..11 2.41 20.18 0..33 0....21 7..43 .....469 0.06 5.30 0..-`-`.. in.. 1....39 .. ..31 --`.... .`...08 5.69 4.`... .60 1.... . 2.64 1.. 2..... ....90 6.87 3. .. . 2.09 2.66 0.83 2. .. . 2..91 4... ..55 .49 0.281 0...66 18..30 4.74 3. ..40 3..48 .....26 4.93 3.11 2..83 3..85 0.13 5....33 2.13 18.30 0.....41 20. . 3..36 .79 8.82 7.00 0.. ..11 16..250 0.87 0.66 7.82 3...46 17. . .31 0.28 2..406 0.08 4.38 2. 2....19 4.15 0. .07 4.52 4. . . .`--- 0.85 2.41 4.01 16. ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-8 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 36 and < NPS 42 Depth.60 6.19 2.... ........ .44 14... 2..17 2. . .70 20.. . 2. ..67 3.. ..28 .. 2.. .. ... 2...64 4. 2.00 0.40 .84 0.45 ..30 0. .50 22 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.`. 2. ....62 0. 2.. ..74 3.. ..06 6.. 1. .20 1.34 .15 4.03 2...92 6..51 . ..45 3.. . ..85 13..10 4. ..32 3. 3..27 7.... ... .. .47 .. ..29 3..89 18.68 0.87 14.32 ... 2.....62 9.18 2..16 7...59 4. . ...10 3.....12 2. .63 22...74 0.88 6..26 .. .31 0... .. ..19 2.52 11..24 . 2.. 2. .09 3.25 15...91 3.11 0. .. ..00 2. .. in.. 0.... ..80 0.25 . .15 2.... . ...57 3. . .39 0.58 3.29 .06 2.87 5.95 17..41 0. . .18 1...68 3..46 ..09 4....23 4. 1.42 2. ..95 2.....42 3.14 2..23 0.375 0..11 5..20 10.22 .. .13 18...70 3.15 No limit 0.74 3. . .57 3.`.00 4..28 2.312 0.24 2..52 3..37 ..... .56 0. . . .. .94 2..15 22.23 22.07 0...63 3..37 5. . . .86 4. .38 2..15 22.... ...30 0...```.94 5..78 14.. 2..```.48 3...19 1. d. Wall Thickness..13 2...01 16..46 7.33 0.27 .. ...89 3.99 13..94 22. .76 2.88 3.81 6.49 . .46 6...89 12. . ..... .53 . .. ..59 3. .... 2.22 4..22 3.25 9.41 No limit No limit 0.. ... 2.48 3.56 8....27 0...94 2.. .. ..30 0. 2.......20 0...66 3. 2.87 4..46 No limit No limit No limit No limit 0. . ....76 3.13 18. ... .. ..23 0.... 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . .18 9. 2. ...51 0...45 7..37 0..37 4. .. ...10 5.... .08 2...69 11. ...82 2.15 3.38 3. .00 0.23 7. ...688 0.04 3....41 4...30 .. ..79 5. t..71 2.....65 6.. ..

. . 58. ..3 132. .. .6 67..7 63.. mm 6....5 313.. 66.1 137.2 .8 52.9 82.4 86.6 56.7 225....0 104.3 61..7 9... ...7 .3 61.4 ..3 46. 60..6 92.`. .6 49..5 8..6 7..5 --`....0 11...0 93.....0 341...9 68.8 . ... .-`-`. ... .7 89.9 164..0 132..3 12.. .6 105...4 . ..... . .4 418. ..3 11...7 241. 67.....5 4.2 381.. .0 467.9 440.3 87..4 74. 56.6 107.9 .1 49.. . .. ..9 127. ..5 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1..6 511..6 232.4 336.6 5. 72. .5 174. ..6 81.4 8.8 55.6 43.9 9.8 566. .9 129.`.8 60..8 566..3 2.8 143.3 9.1 5.. .4 282. 49.....5 196....1 7.4 147.7 10.5 99.1 110.3 17. .5 166.3 123......9 363.7 95.2 92. . ..4 .... ASME B31G-2009 Table 3-8M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 914 mm and < 1 066 mm O..3 82. Depth. .9 193.6 .1 4.... 71. ...0 88...3 69...0 108... 55...4 418...1 .5 81. .3 418.3 9.. 69. .. ...2 566..4 361..5 0.2 10. ....2 104.4 7...6 65....2 157... . .0 7.2 .`.7 302.0 467. .7 .9 63. ...7 ..0 .6 82.0 66.. .4 566....1 63...1 80.2 111.2 88..0 83.9 101...2 77.5 10..0 11.1 60. 53.5 .9 195.8 96...5 85.......5 84.2 86....7 78.4 361. 46.9 . .5 8.8 40.8 12.. 74.9 6..2 6...4 13.3 156.. 65.. . ....6 89. 51.7 100..2 55..9 76. . ..3 2......3 58..9 14. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT .8 341....5 118...8 348.3 2... .1 4.1 7.9 282.7 116... . ..1 211.0 11.6 . .4 158. .5 147... mm d...4 .. .7 104.1 511.8 103.0 116.0 52.6 ... ... ..`--- 23 Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale..9 78.9 .1 107. .. .1 10...9 381.. . ..6 No limit No limit 1.`....7 49. ...9 8..2 3. 50.6 481... .... .... . . .3 228..9 ....1 208. ... ..1 73.6 113. ... .5 173.9 6. ...1 .. . . 58...3 112. .3 46.2 5. 62..4 ..6 128.1 435.3 143.8 65.. 80..... .1 143.0 193.```.. 44.9 168..2 122. .7 133.0 72.0 270.5 116.7 .9 ..9 .. . .. .8 90... 78....1 . 60...0 104.6 199.1 156..1 94....7 70.6 118.9 58.8 80. .. ... .. . .`.... . 63.5 12.. .. .8 98. .3 52.....4 131. 68..8 92..3 75. ..1 467. . .7 93. .9 78...5 13. ...9 222.9 81.......6 511.... . t.....1 13. ... 47. ... ..1 73..8 114....```. .D..0 228.6 86.6 65. . .4 73.8 435.3 .....6 122. . ..... 41.4 .. .. ..0 277.2 69.8 73..2 295.7 .. 65.. .. .0 133..`. .7 200..7 98.3 2. . .2 .5 252... .0 13.1 . .4 62. .8 124.9 4. . 44. .1 No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.6 66... . . 57.. .4 . ..4 59.6 511. .. Wall Thickness.. .3 3. . 76.3 3..0 467... 55...9 157. .. .6 3.. .3 7.... .4 10... ..4 9..1 184.8 249... .......8 5.. .7 124.. .5 149....0 ..... .5 158. . . ...6 566.1 11. .8 No limit 1..8 566.6 138. ......9 98. 69. 53..6 164.2 ...4 340.. . 64.3 91..3 71.5 55. ......9 53... .0 14.9 183.1 38. ..6 . .. 48. . ..3 86.4 109.3 71...1 435..5 68.7 6. ..3 75... .`````. . ..1 98.

85 16.73 3.30 3.20 5.51 13.04 17..65 7.88 3.24 7. 2.79 3.15 9.20 7.36 20.95 24.97 6.61 5. .57 11.24 17..73 6.99 7.34 11.91 6..07 5.04 15..28 10.23 6.42 10.35 ..78 14.80 26.14 26.29 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 0.77 22.76 6.76 17.53 21.63 12.19 2.`.79 7.48 29.75 10.61 4.25 22.57 11.45 2.79 31.49 2.92 30.23 2. in.18 4.14 18.78 3.30 9. . 2. .92 30.93 18.52 3.96 4.406 0.80 5.42 4.12 11.72 6.05 3.65 32.32 3.75 19.78 3.92 30.688 0.47 5.03 18.60 30.65 No limit 0.86 11.72 5.16 27.20 10.89 10.08 25.05 17.40 2.64 0..22 2.72 25.72 0.72 4.. 2.812 0.188 1.03 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.01 3.81 8.16 27.56 17.88 3.08 9. .14 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.46 0.57 6.08 25.56 4. .44 6..08 8.66 11.67 7.09 6.84 21.90 6..91 3..44 21.77 18.65 6..36 7.12 5.30 .50 19.05 7.81 20.93 13.10 4.52 8.51 12.68 8..65 13.02 5.43 23..15 18.38 .35 8.53 10.18 3.42 0.16 28.37 22.```.23 29.11 6.03 0.58 11.44 24..04 12.80 30.70 4.77 22.. 2.46 0.46 0.77 22.97 3.71 14.30 2.76 8.30 8. .`--- 0.37 2.49 3..56 6. .55 15. .89 3.59 8.97 .51 4.562 0.59 7.40 .24 2.40 6.57 2.85 9.64 4.53 10.71 8.062 1.18 4.27 1.33 .42 10.18 12.50 19.12 29.`.92 0.88 3.438 0.23 12..62 14.46 10.21 19.86 9.92 9.61 6.96 4.05 8.14 9.03 29. 2..34 2.92 30.31 .74 20.84 29.250 --`.11 5.78 3.03 18.09 7. 2.14 2.82 21.49 16.53 21. Table 3-9 Copyright ASME International Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 42 and < NPS 48 Depth.31 7.72 8.46 2.92 No limit No limit No limit 0.54 0.23 13.32 7.25 8.68 10.38 8.43 17..02 8.875 0.46 0.```...57 6.26 9.40 8.49 5.85 4.73 9.31 2.43 11.25 26.79 31.60 13.24 0.25 15.26 16.67 3.41 6.65 32.64 9.469 0.73 10.10 5.21 19.13 4.07 3.54 7..30 9.59 9. 2.04 5.06 17.29 7.45 8.93 26.16 27.40 15.45 7.938 1.98 3.87 5.80 11.12 4.22 27.29 . Provided by IHS under license with ASME d.625 0.66 5.06 24.05 3. 0.37 2.58 14.59 6.31 5.80 4.88 5.95 24.87 3.81 12.65 32.09 7.27 3.86 4.28 2.16 28.`...04 5..59 3.96 3.13 0.88 20.76 4.46 24 0.43 5.14 3..24 2.14 26.41 4.92 11.74 0.50 19.06 14.41 3..90 11.03 11..32 16.75 14.15 15.36 19.00 8.52 3.79 31.02 4.79 31.`.45 6.49 15.92 5.21 9.67 24..77 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 0.07 4.55 21.18 3.03 29.65 5.45 4.51 9.56 14.86 7..14 3.72 7.50 7.71 4.93 4.87 9.94 5...43 15. 2.45 7.88 20.26 5..55 19.22 3. 2.01 0.95 4.31 28.88 7.82 4.14 26.21 8.68 4.41 4.12 17.46 0.68 2..16 27.08 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0..34 5.77 19. 2.88 20.08 25.31 4.70 12.20 4...68 2.13 8.52 8.29 0.42 3.54 18.17 10.21 2.750 0.95 0.91 6.41 11.79 31.88 12.43 5.25 2.29 7.68 8..12 29...63 10..`````.40 7..55 4.67 8.92 30.59 2.36 ..80 10.03 No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.48 12.05 8.20 2.42 2.01 8.29 9.72 11.35 3.34 . 2.53 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0. .14 26.57 5.12 29.92 30.75 27.98 7.46 ASME B31G-2009 0.65 5.56 23.33 12..04 2.18 10.16 6.95 24.63 13.26 6.08 25.83 13... .79 31.43 4.08 13. Wall Thickness.59 3.69 4.19 2.40 18.12 29.07 10.16 2.50 2.16 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0...65 32.18 8.12 29.18 4. .65 32.71 16.03 29.27 2.34 3.37 0.78 5.43 10.61 3.22 5.32 .39 6.46 20.26 2..58 2.34 12.07 4.84 8.62 11.78 9. ..88 20.17 11.99 9.65 32.00 17.80 18.11 31.37 9.53 21.66 15.79 31.14 26.03 29.22 6.16 3.72 5.12 29..94 4.53 5. t.80 3.03 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.24 3.500 0.52 12.35 8.39 .70 6.19 5.82 0.46 0.68 6.97 5. .29 6.87 0.03 29.67 7..37 . in.35 3.72 11.17 3.74 12.21 5.08 25.46 22. 2.79 31..35 3.23 2.16 28.03 9.98 10.33 16.28 .95 2.66 7..25 5..05 3.92 8.000 1.11 2.89 15.87 9.82 14.125 1.10 3..65 32.05 5.17 23.12 29.02 10.81 4.16 27. .32 0.00 20.43 9.82 5.02 Not for Resale.14 3.45 32.45 15..02 12. .56 24.74 13..23 11.19 3.83 5.98 5.. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0..16 28.63 5.16 28.02 18..00 27.66 12.03 29.. 2..30 9.07 6.21 19.23 4.92 30.09 8.15 3.65 32.44 4.16 28.59 24.69 3.26 7.95 24.34 9.11 6.46 3.03 29.48 6.59 9.74 6.15 10. .16 27..46 0.01 8.28 19..27 5.57 14.-`-`..57 9.34 9.90 7.04 31.19 4.05 11.`..84 6.39 8.99 4.40 5.78 7.`.36 10.89 7.90 12.65 14.344 0.

03 4.79 4..24 0.. .... ........ .06 3... .77 6..49 3.27 4..57 4.52 7....-`-`.77 3. ..04 5..```.40 5. .63 4...... .15 5.. .66 5...57 3.. .24 6. ..57 3. ...69 .....43 8... .20 4. .406 0.42 3... 2. . ... ....49 5.84 5.. ..56 7.... .32 4..344 0.99 4...11 7.. . .82 3. ... . 3. .11 8.61 8....73 4. . ..75 . . . .....70 .70 3. in. 2.48 3. .27 3. .46 .. 3....29 3... . .64 6. ....062 1..90 0......12 3.66 0. .... .. 3. ....94 6.66 5.. .76 4.67 .... .58 ASME B31G-2009 0.... .. .20 4.93 5.86 5.30 4.33 3.... ...98 7. 3..`.62 5. .88 4....31 7...14 7..22 5...04 3.71 .10 3. .71 4. . . .73 5..45 3... .38 6.875 0.. ..81 5..68 7.00 3. . ..`..34 4.43 4.. . . .`.46 0.33 5. ..27 7.26 4. . .60 .. .26 3...40 5..63 9.69 8....34 4....49 0.. .. ... 3.01 7.79 8. .83 5... ...33 3.500 0. . ..39 4...562 0..99 3... ..56 6. .... 3.. .76 3.27 6.56 . . . .. .. . ...09 4.00 5.49 5. 2.. . . .55 . ... 3. . . .. .42 4..38 7. .69 5.89 8..125 1.54 7..25 4... 3.. ... 3...51 5.21 5...13 4..99 4...57 0.91 6.```..65 ..22 3.37 3.. .. .59 6.45 ..44 ...14 0.54 3.. . 2. Wall Thickness..14 6..18 0.76 . .31 3..04 3.80 4. .64 4.25 0.. ..... in..42 ....64 ..... .15 5.45 4.59 5. . ...55 0... . .19 6... .. .. . .750 0.... .07 4.10 3.50 .14 4.. .41 ..19 4. .15 3.86 4....58 6..39 0....51 6.64 3.81 6..40 6....41 5...94 4.93 4.10 6.. . 2. ....19 3... .72 4.94 4.03 6.55 5...22 6..52 4...61 .74 . 2... ..46 4. .938 1.. ..625 0...93 4. . ..92 6.52 5... . .. .07 5..31 5...17 4.57 3.. .40 0. .97 6.....96 7.43 . ..67 6. 3....688 0. .. . . .08 6.`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-9 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 42 and < NPS 48 (Cont’d) Depth.78 4..... 2. . . ..57 ....59 .78 5.71 0......26 5.98 6.. . ...12 4..63 .64 5.. .17 3. .. . .. ..... . . .49 .. .... .58 4.03 5.08 4.78 4.84 0... .00 4.44 5...21 3.......50 4.82 4..... . 2. .. . 3.68 6.24 3. 3.71 5.50 2.64 4... .33 0.30 4... ... . 2.56 4.. ....39 8.. .21 3... 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0. .15 3... .19 4..`````. .45 6. t.. .41 0. .....68 . . . . . ..`..88 3...188 1....61 5..12 5. ...21 4.84 3.53 7.. .. 2. ...... ...80 6.. ..23 5...96 .14 0.812 0..02 3.. .. .12 5..49 3..32 5. . .60 3.64 5.. ..06 4.05 5.. .... ....89 5..15 3..96 0..69 7.58 5.. .72 3.54 4. ....04 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale... 3... .. 2.. ..... .83 5. ....... ...98 8...85 4... . ... .63 4. ....91 3.....74 5..95 5..82 7.43 6.. . . ... . 3..53 . . . 2... . .62 .. .52 . ..07 3.438 0..82 7..02 5.. .. ..06 4. .. .000 1... ..35 3..13 4. .. .81 4..47 4. .86 4.51 3...94 5... 2.....62 5. 3..09 3.70 0...67 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 0..41 4.. . . .32 3...32 4. .19 7.67 7.97 5... ..58 ...... 2... ..`.46 0.69 4...00 4......94 3.`.74 4.85 5.96 3. 2..73 5. .250 0. . . ... ..39 4..46 3.54 .....469 0... . .38 4. 0.31 4. .23 5.75 0.. --`... . .....40 9.75 5.85 6. 2.77 5..40 3..38 5....... . . 3..66 ...87 4. .. ....... ... . .23 3.. . .85 5. 2.....65 3. .... ..03 0.70 3. .. .47 ..92 5. ....83 3. .40 3...06 0. ..25 0... ...10 0. ..51 . ..... ......73 5.56 4.24 0..22 4. ..83 25 0.. .89 3... ... ...66 4... . .90 4...67 0..08 6..50 8.48 .06 5..88 0. 3. .42 3..31 5.71 7.69 6... ..48 3.. ...50 6. .72 ..94 0.. .84 7... .. ... .13 5. . ...70 4.73 ...93 4. .......18 5.73 6.00 4....31 6.. ..31 5...07 6..99 3. .93 5.35 0.52 3. ..... . d. .66 4.26 4.16 3...10 0.. .... 2........ .87 6.... ....62 6.39 3. .. . 2.. ..77 6..88 9. .26 3....18 8.58 4.

.. .. . . .062 1. . . .... ..50 3... .78 . .. .64 .39 0..188 1...25 3.65 3....... . 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0.. .. ..-`-`. ...... 3....75 4.938 1......... .`... ........ .. ...30 3.... . . . .. .76 0... .28 0... .85 4. . ..`````..`--- Depth....... .... .. ...... .. .... . . .74 4. ... . . ... 3.. .07 0..`.....99 . .. ..```.....87 0.... ..562 0.... .... ....90 .. 3... 3... ............. . . . . .. . .. . .... .... .... . .. .. Wall Thickness... . ... .....39 4. . . . .. ....82 0. .. .77 . ...71 4. ....34 26 0.... ...60 3.. ....406 0.. . . .. .. .. ..`..93 ..51 4..... . . ... .`. ........... .. ... .... ..87 ... ...`.36 3.14 4.... .. . ... ..17 0.. . . . .. . . .. .. .. . .. .....469 0. . . ..... . ..... . .... . .. . . . .99 4...... ..... ..... . ..... ... .. 3. ... ..60 3....89 0......... ...... .... .. . . ..... ..51 0...79 ... ... in.. ...84 4... . ..55 3... . .. .. . .......10 4.. ..41 3. .. .91 ... . . .. ....... ..80 . .... ... ... ... 3. . . . ....... ...... ..82 0. ... ...27 4.....000 1... . ..77 4. .. .`.96 ...... ......94 4. .... .. ..... 3.85 .. .... .. . ..82 .02 0.. .. ...89 ..45 3. .. .. .. in....77 0..70 4...... . . ..12 0.83 ...Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-9 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 42 and < NPS 48 (Cont’d) --`. ... 3. .. ... . ..68 1.500 0. 3.... ............ .812 0.. .. . .. 3. ....05 4. ..... ..```...... .. . .. . .. .. . .. 3. . .......88 ..23 ASME B31G-2009 0...33 4. 3.40 3.45 3..45 0....... 3.. . . ... .... . .. . .. . . ....16 4. 3. ... .. 3.... .......250 0.. .... 3. ...81 ....... .95 ........ ... ..... ... 3.55 3. .57 0.. . ... .. ... .. .... ........59 3.... .. . 3.69 0...... .. .73 0. . ..92 . .. .. 3.....08 4...... .. ... ... .... d.96 4. . .. .........00 .688 0. . .55 3. .79 4.. ...... .. ... ..... .. .......875 0.. 3.... t. . .. . .. . . .. 3.. .....02 4.. ....... ... . ... .... . .... ........ .... .. .750 0. ... .. .............125 1.. .66 4. ......625 0.... .. ... .80 4.. . .21 4..89 4. 0. 3........98 . ... . .... ... ..97 . .... ..92 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale...94 ...438 0. ..86 . ...50 3.. .. . .64 3... ...344 0..84 .97 0... . . . .. . . .. 3. . .. .45 4.. .91 4.. ..69 4.. 3.. .63 0..... .

`.1 212.2 737.0 611.. .9 496. 56. mm d.3 413.1 219.5 No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.8 241.5 91. .1 75.9 319. mm 8.1 87.3 89.1 198.3 87. 54.9 6. 57.1 9.0 611.0 211.3 109..`.5 4.9 488.6 179.4 27.5 141.5 400..7 150. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 6.4 212.1 151.5 760.7 88.8 824.8 79.5 552.8 232.6 81.8 737.9 155.9 292. 62.4 689.7 78.6 142.4 151.7 469.3 109.2 138.5 251.```.1 210.3 154.2 737..9 519.5 233.3 65.6 51.8 405.5 552.0 471.7 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 6..1 174.6 70. --`.1 69.3 119. 58.1 155..9 239.3 185.0 122.5 468.8 221.4 279.7 141.1 187.4 90.3 239.5 Not for Resale.0 503..6 65.7 664.2 203.0 129.7 638.2 803.2 75.7 664.2 225.6 326.5 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 1.5 294.9 612.2 803..2 737.0 441.3 169.8 195.6 106.9 148.3 97.2 92.7 664.8 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.9 441.6 60.4 118.6 100.6 7.0 782.8 0.6 .7 .2 803.2 9.5 374.7 298.5 73.9 100.3 204.8 663.0 96.7 8.5 3.3 552.2 111.8 321.1 11.9 17.5 4.8 824.6 391.4 319.8 149.0 228.9 .0 122.1 356..8 277.6 110.0 No limit No limit No limit 3..9 68.6 211...1 505.2 737.7 584.7 303.8 93.4 102.7 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.7 90.9 104.2 68.0 83.4 106..9 191.2 137.2 737. .2 299.8 583...8 630..5 106.`.4 362.8 133.2 427.5 760.1 127..5 760.3 208.4 166.7 664.1 80.1 132.0 714.9 146.5 760.9 150.6 123.5 81.8 6. 59.3 99.4 283. .6 121.1 464.0 782.2 118.3 89.7 63.9 87.2 7.0 93.9 279.8 59.3 82..8 265.5 737.1 209.4 128.6 97.5 689.1 84.5 113..9 112.1 425.1 20.5 5. .6 77.2 23.0 219.3 131.9 178.6 103.8 96.8 583.1 505.3 264.8 714.9 7.0 203.8 824.7 638.9 274. .3 117..2 108.9 452.`--- Copyright ASME International Table 3-9M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm O.9 232.4 54.3 258.0 782.8 169.4 376.0 126.4 611.2 737.2 268..0 521.5 469.2 269.7 180.4 553.6 272.0 521. 60.5 197.0 344..4 319. 58.1 192.5 148.8 83.4 280.0 141.4 179.2 73..5 432.1 169.0 112.6 30.2 8. ..5 225.7 296.3 254.4 137.1 56.4 701. .7 240.4 144.5 161.2 127..1 103.8 583...8 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.6 100.D.0 93.0 300.2 246.1 106.8 274.6 270.2 803.0 167.7 583.8 361.2 197.7 514.2 79.8 824.6 205.2 400.8 134.0 523.1 433.1 432.4 .3 210.3 420.5 570.8 243.1 77..1 384.7 178.3 760.5 689.5 689.3 524.9 239.2 165.0 521.1 94.9 138.4 505..3 314.8 342.5 689.9 162.4 . 62.0 496.8 824.6 84.8 295.9 145.7 214.0 521.9 211.4 125.4 493.0 773.5 387.5 4.1 189.7 638.9 74.3 15.6 125.2 119. Wall Thickness.0 75.7 186.5 551.5 245.3 158.9 182. .0 257.5 478...9 65.3 261..5 431.9 112.3 693..2 803.7 240.6 384.7 100. .9 76.0 782.8 216..7 392.0 91.1 806.6 292.7 10.4 596.0 322. 55.4 592.7 638.6 325..9 ..3 328.7 184.9 327.2 803.8 824.8 133.8 714.0 611.4 .4 181..5 469..2 173.4 132.6 361.6 106.6 70.5 100.0 187..5 85.7 145.8 117.5 319.9 488.3 255.2 143.8 355.2 70.8 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.0 229.0 232.3 175.9 67.5 218.2 .2 803.8 714.6 115.8 85..5 68.0 119.0 611..3 98.9 94. . .6 306.4 71.5 78.0 782.5 66..5 251.2 285.6 163.1 116. t.9 259.1 86.5 4.4 340.7 63.7 14..5 564.0 247..2 206.0 782.3 82.7 343.8 188.6 111.4 10.2 737...5 142.5 638.1 132..4 144..8 72.6 62..1 5..9 12.1 368..8 25. 60.4 246.9 .3 157.3 348...6 297.1 203.9 218.9 49.4 301.5 290.8 136.3 7.4 664.2 390.3 369.1 .9 416.8 73.9 8.`````.8 65.4 190..1 270.`.3 461.8 714.5 760.7 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.2 31.5 284.5 3.3 172.3 73.5 ASME B31G-2009 5.2 8.3 118.1 288.5 463..7 186.2 248..8 199. .0 630.6 77.8 824.-`-`.3 363.6 269.```.1 475.6 106.0 782.2 276.1 505.5 160.7 664.0 320.8 61.8 714.5 139.8 183.0 158.5 27 5.9 210..7 86.2 341.8 159.7 128.5 689.6 163.6 . Provided by IHS under license with ASME Depth.6 824.4 233..1 253.4 196.5 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.7 9.0 270.5 19.6 64.1 226.6 128.2 245.3 432.1 133.8 131.8 114.6 194.0 338.5 381.0 217. .5 760.1 .4 273.6 9.8 714.2 552.3 121.7 154.5 760..4 225.0 432.0 782.8 305.6 243.9 235.4 306.8 348. 57.9 310.9 123.5 150.`.1 101.2 190... . 53.2 204.6 168.7 666.3 ..1 341.6 160. .4 195.7 638.9 531.0 611.5 689.3 410..6 22.6 250..8 No limit 3.9 177.5 150.2 169.5 552.`.8 824.0 158..3 170.3 11..7 210.2 803.7 262.2 242.3 222.3 70.0 28.1 .6 803.1 112.0 180.9 488..3 174.8 251.4 159.7 172.0 95.

5 .7 110.3 87.2 .0 103. ....7 200.4 98.3 16.....9 125.2 193.0 ..0 106.5 19....5 92....9 115. 85. ....9 130. .......2 12.. .. .4 27..4 116.1 123. ...2 .9 90. mm d. .7 200.6 75.8 .1 89..0 11...2 .6 151. 67... . . . ... .2 99. .4 77.. .6 143....7 13. ...4 16.1 169.4 18.0 150....4 150.8 13.0 96... . . .. . . 70. ...6 162. ..7 195. ..3 125. 82..0 108.. . 75..6 90.2 130.. . .1 106.1 86. ..9 141.3 160. ... ..1 173.5 125.... ....8 86...7 146.3 138.6 15..8 183.3 106.6 103.2 . . . ... .6 22.2 11...6 126...8 25.8 97. . .5 101..9 .0 133.. . 75. .4 122.... . ...... .1 --`.2 15..3 . 83... .. . .... .5 167.8 202... .. . .0 120.. ... . 77...8 101.... .. .8 153...8 136...2 128.2 122...5 148.8 214. 84. .. .0 142....6 95... . .1 154.8 10.8 117..3 138.2 31.7 157.. . .4 18.4 207.3 87... .0 .4 232. 74..7 190. .. . 81. ...1 89.....5 176...... .3 121. .8 109. 74..`````.2 170. . . .7 10. .6 98. ...4 169..1 82. . . . . .... . ..3 100.1 182.2 116. .. .4 84.1 155. .7 .. .... .7 115. 69.... . ...4 121.. ..9 93....6 159.. . .3 141..2 133. .8 92...2 113. ..5 109..```.`...6 117.. .....3 188.2 81...0 108.9 17...6 81.8 156...7 139.. ..1 113..8 164..7 100.8 154..1 118.9 139... ....... ..3 170.. ..... ... . ...4 .5 103....9 141.3 132....... .. .3 102.. 80. ..3 15.2 173.. .7 103.7 113.... .....3 101... .....3 15..... ....5 119....0 93.3 134. . ...0 . .0 86.-`-`.5 184. ..5 ..5 91.9 109. . . .7 109.6 30..7 88...8 146...3 98..5 187.. ...9 134...........6 116. 84.. . . ..6 147.9 120.. .... . 81... .. .. ...3 213.8 ...0 .. . . .. .4 28 14..9 180.. . ........ ..6 80. .. 73....2 120.0 28. .. .. .. . . ..1 93...2 103.5 94.4 .1 161.5 . ...2 148.. ..2 14..2 209....2 14. ....1 11... . . .9 143.4 17..3 114. . . . .9 92...4 90. .. . 80.4 173...1 95.9 99. ...1 135..... ..1 137... ...6 106. .4 125... . . .. . .. . .... ....... . .3 123.. .....4 94.... ... ..... .2 155.8 88...2 132. ... . . .8 204.7 181...8 17....3 166....2 137.....1 142. 71.. .. . 65. .. . ..... .5 101.. .4 124. . (Cont’d) Provided by IHS under license with ASME Depth.8 12.8 117.4 18. .8 119. ..3 11. ..2 118.. .4 131.1 110...9 127.9 177. 71.9 137. .. . ..5 161. . 87.9 ..3 114.2 79.. ... .0 153..7 .. 73...2 139.5 94.D.... ......0 .8 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale.. ..6 128. . .4 197. ...8 114.3 ..3 187.... 72.4 99. Wall Thickness.3 126.3 135. .2 118. .4 144. . ... ..9 97.1 105...0 146... ..0 166.3 90..1 ASME B31G-2009 15..... ..... . .8 89.. . 76.6 185.. 65. .. . .7 145..6 96.2 122. 78...7 88...3 18.. t.6 111. .4 154. . .4 111..8 120.`..3 158.. .4 120.9 191..1 109. .7 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 10. ....9 88. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 16.6 150... 70.`. ..6 108.1 96.....`.... .1 123..7 206.0 178.0 107.2 105.....6 140.7 13..4 104.4 128.9 165.1 . ...7 165.... ..5 .1 132. .9 12..... .5 112..1 20. ..4 82...7 ..4 131.6 17. .1 149......6 127.`. . 80.. .5 ...0 96.3 76.1 101. 68.....8 11.6 139.. 67. 77. . .6 122..5 245. .1 195...8 .. .```.5 219.9 226.. ...3 ..1 83.. .5 106.7 19.4 98..7 104....8 147. .7 . .9 16.7 .7 14.1 135. . .....4 137.. .1 92.2 238. .2 108.Copyright ASME International Table 3-9M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm O. .8 94..2 .9 13....4 90.....0 78. ....1 158. ....3 176.. ...3 96..`--- 17...5 99.4 130..3 ..... .8 14..7 12.`....0 111.4 150. .0 .. ..4 ... ... .3 114. .3 151.7 144.6 79. ....7 129. . .. ...6 158.1 86.3 126... .0 225. .....5 .. .6 117...7 .. ...3 173.2 84....1 163.3 127. .6 132..6 162..6 85..5 180.. . 77....... 63...7 135... .8 125....7 10...8 82.8 111..0 127....1 104.2 112.... 78.7 220. ... mm 8.5 144..2 23..4 130.2 130..6 19. 68.0 .. ..0 169... .. .. ...... .1 11.

...... ..5 24. . . ...9 17....8 19. . ... ...8 ....3 ASME B31G-2009 22.... ... 93.1 ...... . 95. . ...7 110...... . ..8 .... . ..... ... mm 8... 92... ... ...3 100... . .9 12.. . ...... ............Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Table 3-9M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 066 mm and < 1 219 mm O.4 110.. ..4 . .. . .... . ....D.. . .1 21.. . .. . . ..6 . ... .1 108..6 101... ..... .. . 91.3 15.. . .6 ........... .. .1 111.... .....9 92.. . . ..9 .. .9 103... .. ...3 24..... ... ......... 86.. . . .7 91. .9 107. .... .6 ..7 14..... ..6 .. .....9 ... ... . .... ....3 . ..7 22.... . ........ . .. Wall Thickness.. 94..... ..9 102.7 96. . . ... . . . ...... ... ..... . .. .```...5 25....0 22. .2 104.... ...... . ....... . ... . 90..... ... .7 25.. ...2 19... ..... ... . . .. ... 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 23. 93. .. . ........ ....... .. ......6 23.. ....7 10..... ....... ........ ....... .. 90. ...... . ..... .. . .....3 . . . ... .. . . .5 21. .9 20.4 --`. . . 94. .... 87.6 114.. ... . ...6 113.3 99.. ... 88.`.. .. ....... t.. .. .. ... ...9 102... . ... ...... . .....3 103...`....... ..... ..-`-`.... .. .5 105. 92. . .. ...2 31..... . . . .3 11...1 24.1 20.... ... .. ...9 97.4 . .1 21... . . ...... . ..7 107..... . .. .. .6 ......1 11...... .8 .. . . .. . .. .... . . ....... 83. 87.5 100......2 104. 86.. ..1 98....7 105.... .. 91.. .1 .. . ... ... .. .. ... . .. . . . . ... .. .. . ..6 21. .9 97.. . ... (Cont’d) Depth. .. ... ........ ...... ..... .. .. ... .4 ..1 .. .1 113. . ..5 19...4 95....1 122...5 120... 85.. .... ... 88. ... . ...... 93.6 .. ..... ...7 102.. . ....... ........... . ... ... ...... . .`... ......2 99.. . 82. .2 23. . . .6 20. ..... .8 25.... . .8 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale.. . .... ..1 ... . ... ... .....6 30.```... . ..4 27. . . ..0 119. .. .. . .1 .....3 23.. .`..2 94..... .. ... ......... . .`... .. ... .....5 100. .... . ..5 117..9 ..1 114...0 28.. .. .3 108... ... ... ............. ... 97... ..`````. .. ... . .1 29 22.....2 20.1 98.. . ... ........ . . 90. . . .. ..6 96. 92. . ..5 106. . ... ... ...... .7 124.. . . .6 95..0 23...0 116.5 20.. ....8 111. .6 22... . ...1 . .... .... .. .`. .9 24... ... . .. .4 ..... .. . ...... mm d. ..`--- ... .

in..13 12..56 22.17 3..56 21.18 19.24 10.58 6.22 4.36 8. .74 3.80 7.30 14.062 1.22 3.21 .99 32..09 7.99 32..11 5.63 3.`.62 8.125 1.59 29.49 13.54 21.13 8.88 27.43 18. 2.93 5.92 33.94 5.06 18.35 10.55 12.90 8.29 .97 29.50 2.26 21.06 31.33 11.97 29.40 4.04 No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.99 32.07 3...83 11..76 3.55 6.03 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 0.53 20.750 0.24 4.26 3.46 4..35 12.16 3.51 3.78 13.28 .60 15.14 4.08 8.55 0.15 6.64 10.45 14.95 23.59 11.16 13.63 7.99 7.22 0.98 3.875 0.35 11.44 2.21 4.36 14.812 0.04 6..13 12.77 10.39 3.67 9.22 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale.28 3.09 11.24 11.26 19.42 6.13 6.32 7.51 32.. 2. d.29 18.73 4.93 12. 0.97 3.97 29.58 8.82 12.77 4. 2.250 0.49 17.86 7.86 3.19 3.04 31.`````.06 31.49 5.49 15.54 25.49 14.91 33.92 11.97 5.92 3.36 16.71 23. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0.18 8.80 4.97 29..03 10.18 2.24 7.88 3.40 6.77 3.26 21.83 34.26 4. 2..09 4.07 4.20 9.24 25.04 5.92 33.38 7.21 4.35 5.03 30.87 16.21 2.29 5..12 13.76 6.25 2..16 6.47 4.26 4.26 5.55 9.91 14.95 23.50 8.469 0.52 6.03 30.31 2.73 5.55 14.73 17.60 6.76 14.81 6.64 5.92 16.27 2..89 5.47 8.71 15.78 16.99 32.10 31.66 6.89 7.04 31.69 19.92 33.-`-`.39 12.11 3.70 0.50 8..32 10.69 21.40 20.88 27.47 11.51 23.11 11.49 5.60 11.06 31.86 9.25 29.54 8.56 9.18 3.54 21.69 0.625 0.69 4.96 18.500 0.58 9.63 2.03 30.86 9.53 21.87 12.46 4.77 25.01 13.03 22.406 0. in.32 9.55 31.20 19.83 10.74 8.39 12.97 29.69 7.32 .92 33.54 19.35 11..93 0.26 2.52 32.29 2.48 10.`.71 8.39 2.78 18.32 7.38 6.27 7.10 7.86 3.68 2.87 10.70 0.79 3.54 21.04 31.94 4.54 8.83 34.66 4.58 3.08 14.07 0.72 7.09 2.05 33.66 17.47 2.80 5.25 17.03 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.91 9..06 31..95 6.`.16 6.99 25.60 5.99 32.91 13.91 24.36 3.99 23.54 25.71 10.24 5.22 0.72 12.32 17.53 2.74 26.10 6.36 13.44 15.23 17.23 10.90 7.15 3.04 31.20 2.10 8.21 5.97 4.47 5.80 0. 2.50 3.562 0.20 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.89 4..89 15.31 3.13 8.71 5.92 33.75 8.41 3.70 0.07 6.35 3.91 26.83 6.68 4.86 19.54 16. .94 5.55 5.69 8.31 .30 .38 5.80 13.59 6.```.19 11.94 11.08 4.95 23.438 0.69 21..Copyright ASME International Table 3-10 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 48 and < NPS 52 Provided by IHS under license with ASME Depth.74 26.97 29.03 30.70 0.00 6.88 9. 2.83 34.43 15.74 5.20 19.27 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.59 2.99 32.97 3.31 27..02 10.94 7.34 2.88 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.17 3.66 4.83 34.21 6.99 20.938 1.63 6.03 30.20 0.19 0.92 33.26 9.75 7..95 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.74 26.82 19.26 2.32 13.88 27.34 .56 34.48 0.57 6.188 1.`.83 34.23 2.30 12.74 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.33 10.42 24.88 27.04 9.26 21.56 12.78 20.06 31. .24 12.33 8.14 23.07 11.53 7.21 9.19 3.000 1.40 13.63 13.36 .95 4.70 ASME B31G-2009 0.83 No limit 0.`.96 7.83 34.92 33.25 8.`..02 4..29 9.89 8.92 10.95 13..51 13.08 3.41 14.56 2.42 16.57 4..05 18.83 34.54 12.97 4.39 7.24 2.06 31.73 7. . 2.81 0.14 8.33 16.08 3.70 0.13 4.45 15.28 5.92 30.39 9..97 8. .47 4.60 7.53 10.01 26.18 22.70 30 0.20 0.83 23.60 11.65 27.64 14.26 21.75 29.09 3.15 12.97 3.04 6.88 27.63 10.05 --`.38 16.83 34. 2.54 25.07 11..44 23.```.16 10.27 24.04 18.04 31.82 10.09 25.01 26.84 20..33 ..78 20.66 2. 2.23 17.52 4..95 6.77 5.98 5.06 31.53 7.51 10.54 9.25 9.58 12. t.70 0.17 18.22 2.38 28.99 No limit No limit No limit 0.12 5.54 25.36 6.11 11.12 7.59 15..95 10.04 5.71 5.46 14.93 20.74 26.74 26.83 4.03 30.35 .688 0.30 7.77 3.27 24.44 3.344 0...92 33.49 19.04 31.87 24.85 8..80 11.81 4.78 6.05 12.`--- 0.58 4.70 0. Wall Thickness.87 3.74 5.13 5.04 31.49 16.04 31.78 20.99 32.27 24.18 10.12 4.51 7.39 6.

.. ..... .. 2.. .188 1.37 5.```...54 . .59 0.. 3.68 6. ...469 0..20 4...96 5.... . ...77 10. .. . . .....31 5. . .. .60 9.`. .07 6.80 4..67 7.13 8...`.70 3..97 6....33 5..65 ..000 1.......00 0. ..`.22 4..20 6..55 4...05 5. .. .44 9.62 .14 6.98 6.26 6..15 ...54 6.89 4..66 0.....87 7.44 7. 3...39 .04 7. .12 8..37 5.Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-10 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 48 and < NPS 52 (Cont’d) Wall Thickness.84 5.82 7. ..62 6.38 3.406 0. 2.....`..41 . .. .97 7.. .62 0..65 7.50 8.. .02 3.82 4..01 8..56 4.. .86 4.43 31 0..89 6..88 6.56 .28 3. .77 8...47 3. 3.13 7.. . .62 7.22 5..19 3.. 2. ..15 7.... .74 0.47 6..72 4.78 10.. .31 4.28 6.92 4.69 8.13 6.....90 5....40 ..60 5.45 . .35 0...65 4. .68 5.. .44 ..80 4.. ..20 3. ...49 4..82 6.48 3. .59 ...19 3.43 . 3.82 8.. .78 6. 2.36 3. ... .....60 8.45 4.. 3..40 4.....33 9.75 6. . ...87 5.31 7.56 0..25 0.34 3. ..04 0.28 5. .09 3.27 4.062 1.42 ...12 4.53 9.02 5.51 .05 4. . 3..562 0..33 6..41 3.57 .94 5. ..52 .. .82 5.. . ..98 9.05 0.09 6.. .58 8....90 0.49 3.. 3.49 .. .16 3..19 10.66 .37 4. . ........26 4. . ...23 10.. . .49 7.47 ... . .54 3. .14 7.73 4.80 8...70 6. .70 7.50 6. . .98 7.99 3... . 2..62 6.83 3..`..73 5.24 0. ...82 4.... . 2.37 .... 3..97 5..55 3. .89 3... ..82 0..46 8.51 0. . ...65 4..52 7....84 7...18 7.98 4.500 0.17 5. ..58 6.. . .39 5. ..01 3...71 5. .37 8.62 3..02 4..39 3....750 0.04 4...95 8..04 8. No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Depth. . ..250 --`... 3. 2.27 5.. .67 9.. . ..37 0.77 5..`````. ..83 6.64 4....26 3.50 7.11 5.04 3.25 3.58 4. ....57 7.. ... in..93 5.. ..03 0.. ..```.46 .23 4.29 7.... 3..17 5.96 3.35 6.... .48 6.57 5.77 5.....51 4.812 0..... . . 2..938 1.. . ... ...77 6... ... .31 3.34 0.62 4. .35 4.. .39 6. . 3.73 4.29 7.27 3.34 4.44 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 0..25 8.64 .22 8..16 0..47 5..39 6... .27 5. 3..13 4.... .32 3. ... .17 5.91 3..11 3..17 3....45 8....78 6..... 2..40 5.74 5.35 4.. 3.. .75 3..50 5.. ...625 0.438 0.60 5.41 4.35 9. .. 2..43 4.42 2....19 5. .67 6..99 7.77 6. ..48 5. . ... . 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0.. 2..67 0. .61 . .. .89 3...07 11. .27 0.07 3. .96 4... .. .. 0..01 7. .. .75 4.07 4.. . 2.. d..48 .64 5..60 ...57 6..81 5...45 0.75 7. .45 4.59 6.. .75 11.....19 5..50 7.79 0.-`-`..55 ..82 3..41 6. 3.. .49 10..21 6..50 ..04 4..688 0. . ..14 3.90 8.....58 . .... ..48 5....07 6....12 4... .875 0. .45 3..89 4.38 .10 5. ... ...85 5.. 3.98 4.54 5.23 3...66 7..92 9.29 5.87 6.51 3.125 1...82 7.. ...95 3... .75 4.53 .. .30 Not for Resale..87 6.94 6.12 4...31 8.98 6..... in.. ..71 5..77 0.. .08 3..47 10. . . . . ..87 9.. .69 4. . ..85 7. . .49 7.. ....20 4.63 8...63 .28 4. .64 5.64 4..91 0..94 5..07 ASME B31G-2009 0.. .77 0..98 5. t. 3. .`--- 0.08 5...55 4.16 4.. . 2.84 5.. . ....37 4. . . ...40 11.344 0.67 6. ..47 5.75 3..01 6....88 4. .....02 6. . . . . .68 6. .32 6..75 9..97 4...06 5. .. 2..17 6.17 6. . .68 3. . .92 4. .....`. .46 2.06 5..... ... ......59 5. ..

.. ... . . ..... ..... .. . .48 4... ... ...81 . . ....55 4.23 0.. ........ . . ......`...... . . ...11 5...83 .90 4.69 .70 5........ ... .19 5...`..04 5.. .........74 4. .....01 4.. .. ... 3... .. .69 4.......51 5.. 3.. . .. . ......... .625 0.13 4.. . .... 3. .34 4.. ..96 0.88 ..74 . . .80 4.. 3. .406 0. .. 3.. . .. .. ...63 5.85 4.... ... . . ..... 3... .. .. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0.83 5...`..62 5.. ....469 0....07 4...... 3.. . .. . ......74 4.91 4..87 0...`--- .00 4. ... .. ..31 3..42 5.. 3.. . . ........82 4.12 4.95 0.40 --`. ......938 1.84 4... .. t. .... ..62 5... . .67 ..09 4. .14 5.. . .82 .... . .79 . ..44 4....18 4..96 5.... . . . ..250 0... ...16 4.02 0...`.562 0...26 5...... .. . .41 4.32 4.06 5... ... 3.. .-`-`. .... .... 3.. .. .73 .88 4.. .. .. .......21 4. . . ..56 4.`````... . . ... ...72 4. . . ... ...750 0.. ....48 3.. ...76 5... . .. ... .... .. .70 .. . . .... . .. ..89 .. ..63 4.69 5.. . .82 0...69 4.000 1...16 ASME B31G-2009 0...78 .. .27 4.85 4. .. .... .. .. 3.89 5.. . ...03 4.... ...20 4.49 4.. .91 5...76 4.... 3. ..43 3.. Wall Thickness. ..... ..78 0....... .. ..95 4... . . .......... ... . 3. . ...438 0. . . ...46 0..76 5. ... .. . . . .. .. ..125 1. .84 .... ... 3... . . . .. ..75 .85 ....38 4. . . .688 0......64 0..09 0. . . ..70 4.... ... ... .. .. .......71 . ..43 3....70 0..188 1.. .80 . .52 0.. . ..37 3. . ...... .42 4.15 4. . ..... .59 3..76 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale... .77 . .37 3. .`... ... .... ..... 3.05 4.... ..21 4.72 . . .. ..59 6. 3.............48 3.... ...... ...... . .```.`... ... 3.. .....76 .06 4. ... . .28 4. ..500 0......34 5........... .25 3...... in.79 4. 3..........98 5. 3.86 .... .45 0. ... . .... . ... . ...83 5...... 3.27 4.. .812 0.. .55 4......66 4.94 4.......... .58 0.... 0.. . . . 3.53 3. ..... .. in. . . .10 4. 3. ...... . ...... .36 4.05 0... . . ....64 4.30 32 0. ... . .. .. .... .87 ... 3. d.... . ..69 5... ... .. .. ...97 4....... .........89 0.53 0. .. .... .60 4..```. ... .. . ... . . ....79 4.. ..54 3... .. . .. .. . .344 0. . .. . ..70 0....50 4..875 0... 3...38 0.61 0.90 ..30 4.68 . .. . . . ...062 1.24 4. ..Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-10 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 48 and < NPS 52 (Cont’d) Depth....

6 .8 350.1 130.6 155.6 82.5 19.1 317.5 288.1 268.Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-10M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm O.`````.8 710.4 100.4 .`.5 561.8 63.0 312.3 148.9 70.6 151.5 788.8 120.3 462.3 11.8 79.7 10.9 113.5 763.5 121.0 69.1 427.4 324.2 341.```.3 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale.5 763..9 682.7 196.5 328.6 200.3 749.6 70.4 33 4.9 53.4 103.`. mm d.5 402.8 312.4 812.9 557.7 85.1 209.7 361.1 461.3 134.2 126.4 225.3 653.1 367. 59..0 280.9 .0 103.7 310.4 90.0 380.6 22.1 130.8 70.3 190.6 741..1 305.9 557.5 763.0 624..3 812.3 116.4 368.8 710..5 455.5 256.9 111.4 ASME B31G-2009 4.8 293.5 240.4 175.5 125.7 156.7 291. .4 836.```.8 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.0 103.1 169.2 859.4 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit --`.6 387.0 28.D.1 11.9 763.5 226.3 87.`.4 272.8 114.0 75.3 120.7 568..7 417.3 171.2 859.5 87.8 327.4 502.4 4.6 107.1 75.2 176.4 233.7 78.4 5.5 121.5 788..1 88.2 288.3 65.5 177.0 146.4 58.1 463.2 .6 .3 653.2 148..`.2 859.4 653.9 .6 859.3 881.5 107..4 559.4 812.9 102.6 232.3 260.0 503.9 17.9 682.5 763.9 133.0 623.5 591.2 211.6 119.4 812. 61.7 410.8 256.4 737.1 72.4 160.7 531.5 143.9 100.7 8.5 115.8 539.-`-`.3 316.4 .9 682. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 6.2 7.5 341.4 208.7 266.3 653.3 78. 66.7 341.4 836.4 496.2 393.5 591.5 136.2 655.8 90.2 94. .2 302.0 88.1 152.8 82.0 136.8 217.9 682.5 763. 63.5 72.3 321.4 836.4 737.4 812.0 172.3 881.8 710.4 3.3 70.2 31.0 623.2 408.9 345.5 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.3 227. mm 8.8 471.8 493.0 293.2 255.5 589.7 341.4 836.9 165.3 881.0 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.8 100.8 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.8 264.5 84.7 342.1 292.0 248.0 244..2 100..6 126.9 502. ...3 521.0 234.9 8.1 673.4 83.6 180.5 277.8 160.7 295.1 195.4 737.3 521..4 258.9 237.0 226.8 348.2 7.2 269.`.6 623.0 394.0 527.3 442.7 241.8 539.8 25.0 199.8 411.8 113.7 6.2 249.4 836.3 147.6 268.2 23.9 12.7 175..1 169.0 320.3 263.4 9.3 322.6 225.3 6.0 191.8 202.4 190.0 708.3 531.6 350.7 93.3 208.3 90.9 204.1 153.`--- 1.6 96.5 234.9 162.4 502.9 257.1 364.5 609.8 307.0 366.7 170. 60.8 296..5 788.5 343.5 373. .9 189..3 299.1 242.4 276.9 483.6 462.9 283.4 128.8 154.4 812.5 788.8 109.9 141.1 74.9 209.4 213.6 81.2 243.1 203.0 462.8 168.4 737.0 335.1 92. 64.7 7.6 67.1 93.1 7..8 225.8 120.8 85.7 165...0 623.2 348.9 303.5 160.0 78.3 881.7 104.4 836.8 710.2 119.5 217.3 438.8 539.8 136.5 75.4 146.8 282.8 199.0 160.4 3.3 15.3 521..4 836.0 124.2 511.5 288.7 592.2 184.0 132.4 27.8 181.5 221.1 20.4 5.7 132. t.5 737.9 185.8 471.5 193.2 380.3 881.3 72.4 5.6 8.5 591.3 299.1 372.0 413.5 637...1 .9 181.8 433.4 165.4 No limit No limit No limit No limit 2..4 No limit No limit No limit 3.2 859.4 812.4 389.4 788.4 812.8 107.5 462..4 737.3 158..9 86.4 96.1 674.3 186..7 318.1 386.7 68.1 500.3 219.5 788.5 788.9 75.9 710.0 445.4 737. .8 78.8 201.8 142.1 95.7 591..5 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.2 267.6 97.3 881.3 260.5 128.1 495.2 859.5 181.3 653. Depth.3 653.9 98.8 449.6 508.9 557.8 315.3 237.1 418.`..3 137.2 859.2 141.5 538.7 110.8 186.9 861.7 222.1 170.6 66.4 836.5 171.1 386.2 113.1 143.4 100. Wall Thickness.3 881.6 125.5 827.5 140.1 141.8 5.6 400..6 456.4 227.6 55.6 30.3 682..7 81.5 603.7 107.0 881.2 859.7 106.1 249.8 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 0.4 108.9 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.1 .1 364.0 262.5 224.3 No limit 3. 62.0 128.3 114.7 14.0 117.8 80.3 632.0 555.2 192.5 217.8 116.5 763.8 365.5 252.1 60.4 712.9 557.3 180.8 231.5 218.2 859.1 159.7 262.6 151.9 682.1 .1 194.7 788..4 200.2 258..9 274. 58.8 419.8 710.6 182.6 65. 57.8 549.8 590.0 93..2 151.9 287.4 326.8 73.8 141..3 881.9 316.8 6.1 86.2 131.3 191.4 137.0 428.9 154.9 289...9 8.4 4.6 229.5 162.4 539.5 788.3 332.8 210.0 89.

```.. .....3 175.2 185. .0 .7 .3 200.. .. ..9 211. .....4 78. ...7 129..6 13.9 156. .5 15..7 16. .4 255.4 11. ...1 166. .. ..`.6 22... .. ..4 214.6 82. .0 101.6 144....3 97.9 87. 77. 88. mm 8..Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-10M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm O..6 141.`.5 100..1 225. .2 206... .7 160. 75.9 131.0 173...0 125.3 149. . .1 120. .0 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 14....6 139. .7 177..`. .3 160..0 131..4 172.2 112. .6 68.0 149. .2 144..2 .9 147.0 165.3 128.8 181..5 76..5 122.0 299. . ..6 248.6 11.. . .. . .2 187. .9 97..1 189. . ..6 107. . ... .2 233.9 82.....0 129.0 169. .9 192.4 208.5 113.9 114...9 198.. .... ..6 189.7 91. .4 107... . .2 31........3 151.6 116.. 85.2 169. 90. 84..4 273...5 163...9 83... ..9 131.`.5 149... . . ..```...1 156. 81. .8 148.5 98. . 73. 68. .0 102.5 165.....6 84. 78. ..2 182..8 157.1 161....5 174.6 118..6 220. ..8 279.5 224..5 137.....9 113..5 153.3 185.2 146..3 133.4 .. .5 .0 114.8 144.4 ..2 178.9 102. .3 15.. 69..8 116..7 173.9 96...2 209. ..7 128.. . . 64.8 128...9 . ....9 ..4 10.7 14...5 . .3 198.. . .1 134. ...3 136..5 15..0 90.7 10. .. . 76. ..7 163. ...7 119.. .6 108. ..4 128.1 89.2 133... .7 16.5 ... ... 79. .. . 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 15.9 182.1 152.0 192... 73.0 .. .7 98.. .. . ..6 30...4 14. .....2 .7 112.4 149. 76. ...7 .2 103.. ..6 108......... .7 . .3 122. .1 104..7 144.4 214. .... .. ..1 204. . .......2 177..1 204...7 ... .D.7 235.6 11.. .5 109.7 121.5 90.9 16.. . 66..7 169.. .0 127.2 92.0 139...0 116.5 240.7 ......4 156. ... .3 116. ...3 151..6 13. ..`--- .. . ... ..0 28. .2 88. ...6 93.8 9.5 154.....8 .6 126.9 110.2 95.... .5 222...8 146..8 173. ..0 ...8 228.2 162.3 142...2 110...9 155. .. .0 125..4 ..9 138..... ..0 14. 80....7 14. ... . ...3 106.8 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 9..1 94.0 34 12.0 86.3 241..8 146. .7 135.5 19.. ..6 136..`````. . ..6 178.3 92.. .5 ...1 157..7 189.. ..0 185.2 11.6 196. ..5 140.1 161... ... .1 248. .2 100...3 11.4 27. t...`..2 270...5 124. . ...3 255.. ..4 122.. . ..8 156..4 86. . ...3 137.4 92. 73.3 142.. 61.....9 ASME B31G-2009 13..1 288..1 94.7 158.9 12. . ..3 121.1 90. .7 88.. . ..8 131.. 71....6 264.7 10..9 97.1 92..7 10.4 248.4 104.9 ....5 171... . . . .0 262..2 16.8 104.. ...7 131..2 --`.0 111...4 105...1 123.2 ... 69. 79.2 197...3 177... . ... ....9 165.....1 108.7 111.5 15.. Wall Thickness. 75. . 83.3 132..1 181... .5 80.9 160.. ...7 170.1 12...9 169.3 234.3 13... .7 .0 151. .1 146.0 81..... .9 141.7 154.....8 125..9 136. ..7 106. ..8 151. .6 159.7 99... .8 146.6 114.5 206.2 201. 78.5 120...6 104.. .. 71..6 166...7 181. ... ..7 134.9 184.8 158..5 110.9 218. 81.....5 95. .1 193..4 139.... .2 134.8 162.4 193..9 123.3 178....8 117..6 118....2 190. 82.1 126.1 94..2 ..6 113.. (Cont’d) Depth..3 185.0 . .4 84.9 173..5 229.6 122...5 139.. . .0 164..3 144...6 141.`.. . .2 .1 11.8 25..8 164..9 17..... 62. . . mm d... .1 91.9 85.2 10... .3 101.. .. ......4 ..3 200..7 203.2 .7 .-`-`.7 102..6 216.0 9.6 168.7 115.2 241. . .5 99. ..0 96...7 154.5 110.8 119...5 87.9 12.5 212...5 126.2 226.. ... ...2 23...4 102.1 218.6 195. .1 20..3 . . ....7 Not for Resale.. . .0 98.

.. ...9 18......6 135..0 122.```.0 104. ......6 119. .. ...3 120. ....```....6 126..5 102. ... ..3 21.....3 22. 99.6 22....7 142.3 105.. . ..... 87. .1 17.. ....5 101. ..8 124... . . ...2 20. .7 120.4 117.0 107...2 112.. .. .... ........ . 85....1 .. ........ .1 100.. ..8 .... ....9 107. ...4 27.. 95. ..8 22.. ...... . ..... ....1 21......... . ... .... .. 89........7 144. . .... .7 117... . (Cont’d) Depth. ..2 113... .. 97.7 35 19.. . . ... .5 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale.8 149... .....5 19.5 20.0 103.....`--- 22.. ..6 117............. ... .. ..6 107... ..`.9 21...7 10...... mm d.8 17. 93.....4 97. 90.4 128. .. Wall Thickness.. ..... ..7 102.0 .9 125..1 129. .0 117....6 105.... ..8 140.2 31.....8 .. .... .5 105.D.1 136. . ..... . . . ..8 111. ..9 12. ......2 --`..0 116. ... ...7 146.8 19.. ... . .... .... . . ...... . ... .`...0 97..7 14. 88. .. .. ... ...6 . ... .4 ... .1 . .7 99. .... .8 111.. ... .. ..8 108..`. ... ..... .. . ..4 115...Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Table 3-10M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 219 mm and < 1 320 mm O.. . .0 108...8 .4 17. .. ...6 127. .. 82.3 .. ..5 19...... .. . ...6 30... . 92.... .... .1 115.. ... . ..3 112... . .. . 100. ...0 104. . 92. . ....3 109.... ..6 142........3 . 96.. . 87. .. .0 115.9 138... ... .0 124.. ... ..1 94. .. . .... . ...... 91... ...3 101. . .0 ... .. ... . ...1 20......7 17.... .... 95. ....... .. . . ... .. .. ..... .. . .. ...... .5 139..6 137. . .. . 94.5 .9 .. .. mm 8. .. .8 . .6 132.2 129...6 . .9 131.... ...6 95. .. ..6 19.. ... . . ... .. . . . . 85. . . ... .... .. ........-`-`...0 ASME B31G-2009 20...5 108.... . .. ... ..3 130...... ......4 106. ...1 97.8 22.6 18... ...3 11... .. .. . .....4 127. ..1 ..... .8 122...4 124. .... .. .....6 . ...0 103...6 114.5 98.. . ... .8 114. ..0 28. ... .. .. .3 ... .. ... .. .7 18.. .5 ... . .......`. .. ... . . . .2 23. ...`... .. ...... .6 .......4 109..... ... 88..7 112.. .6 96. . .0 100.8 119......... ..3 ..8 110. ... ..9 151.. ... .. ... . 93...9 17. . .7 103. .. .. ...1 . 84.... .8 133.. . 96. .. .2 119. ..1 11.... .... . .3 120... .4 122.8 20.5 18.. . .. 91.3 113.7 126..8 ...8 25. .. .......3 .. . .... .5 119...9 131.. . .1 110.. . ... .. .7 114.9 .... . . .3 15. .... .. ..... t.7 93.3 134...1 153..2 106.. .. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 21.`.. ... .. .`````.

54 26.81 12.29 34.82 13.12 22.91 27.98 29.92 23.22 31.11 30.72 24.20 11.12 0.22 3.96 8.96 15.09 16.89 36.47 20.32 22. in.34 6.51 12.98 3.406 0.64 2.12 22.13 32..93 10.97 4.`.84 0.25 6.66 10.66 8.62 10.11 30.42 8.12 0.98 29.22 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.42 16.50 13.03 11.22 31..94 18.12 ASME B31G-2009 0.02 14.53 9.73 0.58 3.10 3.80 7..06 0.625 0.07 20.54 29.17 19.64 7.29 34.39 5.21 36.65 5.57 2.19 10.52 7.29 18.17 9.83 5.97 12.61 11.29 34.58 21.29 32.77 3.49 11.21 36.12 22.76 25.48 12.11 30.20 22.18 9.15 6.61 6.35 17.65 13.89 10.27 35.61 9.32 2..80 27.37 9.27 35.05 20.52 21.84 24.08 17.438 0.31 11.67 2.60 6.09 5.54 9.73 4.62 14.21 36.01 6.84 24.72 4.62 26.11 16.22 25. d.11 30.12 0..11 24..17 4..27 35.38 22.21 No limit 0.80 6.18 20.96 15.71 11.80 27.13 10.11 4.54 26.31 35.26 12.000 1.04 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.65 7.54 26.28 14..16 4.82 12.01 13.03 7.10 4.58 13.12 0.67 5.29 32.02 12.26 18.14 4.54 4.92 5.98 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.29 34.11 30.74 3.09 11.21 36.750 0.74 6.28 5.19 4.29 29.28 22.06 20.91 15.92 11.22 3.89 7.81 4.50 11.25 3.61 11.20 30.75 0.66 5.11 21.83 14.27 35.73 5.42 22.07 7.41 17.58 7.28 10.38 0.`.18 4.09 3.20 7.18 5.21 36. --`.98 29.56 10.79 3.78 6.18 6.688 0.26 15.73 4.81 23.08 8.16 14.875 0.12 36 0.49 3.29 34.31 10.50 7.63 32.83 27.85 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 0.22 31.31 33.00 16.500 0.61 13.81 6.55 13.85 17.10 9.85 3.22 31.55 No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.28 2.66 12.56 7.22 9.94 0.55 3.47 8.54 26.31 33.85 20.43 8.25 20.31 33.98 16. Wall Thickness.10 7.31 33.03 12.44 15.22 31.22 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.81 4.20 3.38 22.12 0.39 10.29 32.85 8.00 6.22 25.`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-11 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 52 and < NPS 56 Depth.13 6.38 22.60 30.16 12.91 16.58 7.29 9.67 5.98 18.`.93 31.61 15.36 10.23 4.80 7.87 17.39 3.00 8.49 2. in.```.22 25.80 27.22 31.54 2.60 33..41 7.12 7.90 5.17 Not for Resale.76 .99 15.29 29.84 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.11 7.99 11.812 0.35 2.80 27.06 14.64 4.90 5.39 8.81 6.05 35.22 10.14 5.00 26.99 10.14 15..78 7.03 13.28 13.21 25.39 17.26 13.062 1.58 21.54 20.15 5.89 9.42 8.81 8.29 2.73 10.23 8.12 0.60 20.80 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.32 22.11 30. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0.29 29.27 35.90 7. t.97 3.24 3.39 0.29 34.30 3.67 4.31 24.93 5.88 4.39 5.12 0..56 5.19 3.97 20.41 8.37 6.87 3.58 18.93 8.62 6.95 14.13 6.13 18. 2.24 10.`````.34 7.65 5.35 3.188 1.92 4.66 21.20 7.43 6.35 0.01 16..29 32.11 13.27 35.09 3.00 5.77 12.19 33.58 9.84 24.41 4.82 18.29 34.```.81 15.44 14.75 12.86 14.29 No limit No limit No limit 0.80 27.29 32.`.23 3.43 4.21 3.24 9.77 25.36 6.32 7.31 33.42 4.27 35.12 22.90 9.71 34.95 19.86 6.88 3.00 8.26 2.44 2.19 4.98 3. 0.04 15.42 19.21 36.52 24.72 30.31 2.24 10.38 13.73 11.38 4.42 6..52 5.30 2.33 .10 3.84 4.31 12.26 29.21 36.55 8.-`-`.05 6.08 14.27 35.99 4.23 11.95 4.64 24.58 21.22 11.`.32 11.31 33.80 9.06 9.27 2.84 9.17 8.76 13.96 17.97 5.469 0.29 7.25 7.55 33.58 6.02 8.21 9.94 16.31 0.59 9.45 3.20 3.96 24.76 27.99 26.97 26.21 36.89 11.`.98 29.99 9.07 0. 2.562 0.83 18.82 14.34 .82 14.938 1.47 5.125 1.24 3.97 15.28 8.24 5.98 29.25 5.05 4.07 10.32 3.50 6.250 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 0.

06 6...76 0.. ....60 0.17 0.82 11..562 0. ..03 3.50 6.69 4.. 2... .67 . ...27 5. . . ..89 7.41 0.... .89 8.59 7.Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-11 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 52 and < NPS 56 (Cont’d) Depth..20 3. . .. . .28 8...875 0..90 5. ..38 5. ..27 5. .94 7..27 3.. 2..469 0....01 3.41 ... ... .01 8.64 ..41 5. .30 0. . 3.74 5.95 0.. 2.. .27 8. .....71 0.59 6. .. . ..51 .83 0.22 6..57 .34 3.07 3..47 6.. .36 ...01 5.. . .89 5...90 6. .68 .90 0... 3. 2. . 3.52 3..52 . .. .55 . . .. .. t.75 5.39 4..37 4.51 7.54 10..17 11.44 8.. .. .98 4.60 6...88 4...65 7. . 3..```...92 6. .65 7.12 7.09 8.11 0...04 5. .01 3.. ....20 3..71 4..59 12..78 4.. .......27 6.40 0..99 6.77 4. ....05 4..61 5.69 6.`--- 0....67 5..22 3.40 5...01 4.625 0... .28 10.36 9.61 7. 3........63 ..05 4.87 4.59 6.78 8.93 5. ..96 7.... 3.68 5..11 3.44 5.. . .125 1. ..21 4. ..33 4.54 .. 2.85 6..74 0. 3. .81 6...64 5.31 5..44 3.63 9....52 11.54 6. .38 7. . .52 2.97 5. .80 8.06 0.45 0..22 4. ..39 3.73 5.30 3..94 7.91 6.. .62 6.....42 7.19 0.. .. .. .86 10. 2...37 ..62 ...49 6. ...`. 2..`.. ...01 6...09 0..19 5.95 9..90 0...83 0..11 6. 3.46 9.96 4..32 6....10 5..55 8.46 .....40 6. .02 13..81 5.062 1.76 7.17 5...14 3. ...... . .58 ...56 9.61 .57 7... 3...94 4. 3.47 . . .66 .40 0...80 6...66 5.76 7..83 5..44 4..63 4.79 5...38 5.52 4.69 2.. .67 8. .93 6. ..13 7... 3.23 4...12 4....82 6...41 3..24 10. ... .65 6.97 5... ..`````.40 2.88 9..38 5. . .80 4.19 5..16 7. ....65 0.45 4..... .....18 4.. .21 6.08 4.. ..16 5..48 11..76 8..90 4.45 3.19 6...84 4.-`-`..06 6.58 37 0.. ..61 4. ..35 5.73 4....70 4.64 6..02 5.... ... 2.02 8.55 5..86 3.18 11.43 .. .07 0.88 10.43 8....91 9.13 5.50 .81 4.73 6..63 6. . .91 4. in. .24 3. . .33 3...50 6.....18 0.30 4.39 . 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0.26 4...55 4. . . 3...16 3.91 6.. .50 4.53 7. .86 10. ..81 3..46 4.. . 2.92 5...19 6. ...21 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 0. ..61 2.09 7. .63 4.70 ......53 5. .. .54 5. . .... 0..03 5.61 0.... .000 1.57 4.29 4.29 4. .69 . .. .56 . . .69 4.48 3.. 3. ...59 5.938 1...188 1.34 6... ..32 0..46 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale.84 7.. . .. .01 6. .79 5...27 7...02 ..26 7.96 4. ... ..90 12.42 6.... . ..10 7. ..86 3..85 6.. . .47 8.....33 8. ....688 0.11 5.14 4.. 2...08 4..79 3..01 6.75 8.76 7... . .60 .78 9.48 .77 7.45 . .18 8..44 . ...500 0.92 8.99 3.66 4.40 ... .59 8.. .77 0.. ...22 6.11 9. ...32 6.52 4.. 3.93 7. ..406 0. 3.97 4.22 ASME B31G-2009 --`. .66 5. 3.70 6.25 6.29 3.`. Wall Thickness. 3.53 5.29 4. .59 4.48 5.67 9.30 4.14 8.93 5.87 4.23 4.... ...01 4.750 0.35 .38 ...35 10. 2.45 9..39 3.. .37 4.. ..50 4. .....46 7.56 6.`..69 9..42 . .. 3.. .. ..72 0..90 3. .79 4.. .71 6.60 10....02 6.29 7.41 3.66 5.. ..70 7. ..21 4.32 3..83 5.37 4.03 9.97 7.58 7.. ...43 8. ...13 6.59 . ..59 8..250 0... .13 4.14 5...12 8.. .53 . . 3.. 3.25 0..438 0.58 5....72 3..48 6.. .97 0....61 4.. 3. 3. .88 4.26 5..52 6..37 3.45 7. in.`..40 4...`.. .46 0.14 3.. ..95 8.34 9. .69 5..38 6..87 5. .90 5.. .78 5.77 6...14 5. ... . .13 6.. .60 4..... 3.... . ..78 5..49 .19 12..11 6.64 3.50 0..79 7...45 3..13 4. .65 ..51 3.73 6.94 3... . ..61 8. ..22 5. ... . .06 5... . 3.93 3. 3.69 6.812 0..80 4. d.20 0.44 5..56 10.56 3. .81 6.15 4....02 7. . .31 6. ...39 7.04 4.05 5.08 3....27 5. .```... .22 9...28 5.

.. ...... 3.... .. .05 ...62 4.50 4....68 4. .`.... .. . . . .80 .10 1. . . .-`-`... . . . .. . .562 0..000 1..60 5.... ..04 4...73 4. .... .89 ... 4..36 0.. .. 3. .. .....89 4.. ... 3... . in....84 4.... .78 .```.. ......98 .67 5.....84 4...92 . .. . .. ..10 4. . 0. . ..... ... . .. .. ..27 4...25 0.....79 4..79 ..52 0...81 5.... . .74 5....76 0..02 5. .31 0...15 0....54 4.... ..... .09 5.. ... ...... ... ... . ..78 4.... .35 4. . . ...99 . . ... . . .75 4. ...... ... .. .... ... .32 4.... ...95 4.95 5.406 0.89 4. ...85 4..75 ....38 4....... . ..95 4..... ..90 ... ..02 38 0..45 4. d. .. .... . . ...062 1.... . ....17 4........ ...01 4. ..93 .84 0...72 . ...91 4.. . . . .... .. .51 3..24 5.. .```.. .89 ASME B31G-2009 0.. ... . . ..75 5..68 0. .. . .. ......... . . .57 3...00 4..... . ... ..... .59 5.. . . .15 0.. ..70 0.. . .. . ....96 .88 5.. .. .. ....85 . ..... .......32 5. .. ..... .. . .. .......... .......`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-11 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 52 and < NPS 56 (Cont’d) Depth..938 1. ..52 4... ....... . .73 . .06 4. ... ..77 . .. ..... ...76 .. . .......22 0...... ..... . ..... ...... ...... .69 4.`... ...... ..95 0... ... ... 4..17 5.. .. ...83 0.23 4.. ..469 0........00 .64 0. . . . ... .... ..... . .... ....58 0. ... .. ... ....13 4. .. . 3. .. ..... . .17 4... ... .. .82 .86 ......44 0...91 ....94 . t.81 ...... ..29 0. .. .. ..47 Not for Resale.. .. 3.. . 3..97 ... .. 3..19 4. .. .. . ....03 5. .. ...08 0.82 5. .95 5. .............. .. . 3. .125 1... ..... ... .. ..... ..60 0.... . ..97 4.. .. . . . . . ... . .. .. . --`.29 4. ..... . ..... ... ... 3..93 0.56 4.. ... . . . ......47 4. 4.... .....95 ..... . 4.. . .. . ..... .. 3. . . .40 5..95 4...63 4...`````. .. .. . . ... ... . 3..48 5... . ...... . .. .875 0. .. .... .53 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 0. ..625 0... . ...... .... 4. 3..... .... . .... ........ . 3.21 4.... .05 4.. .750 0.... .88 ... .. .. ....... . . .. .. . ..44 4.. 3.. . .37 0..188 1...38 4. .62 5..`. . .... . ......... .. .. 3.. ..69 5..74 ..... . ... .. 4.. 4..... ... .......20 0.. .. 4.. .....41 0. .. .33 4. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0. ...... .00 4...... ..... ....... .... ..`. .... ...16 4....... .... ..71 .. . .250 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 0... . .688 0... .812 0. . ....11 4.. .. .. 4..500 0. .. .84 .... ... .. .....25 4....`. .... . in..41 4... . .`. ... . .. 3. . . .. .........88 5. .. .. . . ..87 ... .... .....83 .... . . ... .... ... .. . ... .. 4..10 4....438 0..07 4.... ... ... . .. 4... 3. . Wall Thickness.. ..76 0. . . ...... 4..... . 3. .... ...

6 .6 112.2 142..0 580.5 218.0 572.5 183.7 238.1 490. Depth.6 473.1 337.4 917.9 270.6 --`.1 11.7 820.2 648.1 395.7 820.4 845.1 503.4 39 4.1 122.6 521.8 325.9 81.7 741.8 279.5 111.9 165.5 614.9 552.2 230.2 648.9 6.4 613.8 234.5 152.4 381.9 208.2 31.3 311.3 894.5 345.6 194.4 233.6 739.3 273.5 522.9 7.2 131.1 179.0 870.6 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.5 212.9 247.3 289.0 244.`.1 126.0 75.6 403.7 67.7 84.5 231.5 81.6 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.0 188..6 167.0 283..7 14.9 113.6 202.4 78.2 615.2 111.3 680.7 355.1 710.3 894.7 680.0 300.3 402.1 552.6 710.6 333.6 145.8 136.4 ASME B31G-2009 4.3 162.5 187.4 917.9 418.0 198.0 188.1 20.4 72.4 3.2 147.3 894.6 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.0 580.4 129.8 221.8 380.7 917.0 363.6 845.3 251.4 5.6 845. mm No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS d.6 870.4 178.`.2 210.1 70.`.6 85.6 111.2 139.1 59.3 11.0 100..6 794.9 427.7 159.1 772.1 161.0 663.4 27.7 8.6 480.7 650.1 189.6 710.3 364.3 226.6 329.2 219.```.8 91.8 330.9 316.4 5.0 387.1 188.3 357.3 78.6 268.D.6 No limit No limit No limit 3.1 562.7 328.3 615.8 543.6 739.9 286.6 845.0 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.7 680.5 94.5 118.8 25.0 280.6 153.6 450.6 739.9 62.6 87.8 130.5 169.0 780.5 460.8 522.8 365.5 136.6 234.4 5.8 217.3 648.3 317.1 82.4 917.6 22.1 99.9 355.4 4.8 269.`.6 870.6 794.9 184.2 8.9 207.3 236.1 320.3 516.1 69.`--- .5 19.6 124.6 131.4 359.8 209.3 475.2 737.8 175.6 157.7 142.9 100.5 158.9 274.7 157.4 241.5 341.4 273.4 349.5 114.4 8.0 410.7 142.5 201..0 482.7 767.7 126.7 562.9 259.7 794..6 108.7 820.6 739.9 820.7 193.6 870.2 259.1 456.1 96.4 524.3 168.4 118.6 235.7 228.3 15.0 242.6 355.8 176.3 148.0 860.2 199.8 628.6 182.6 794.6 177.8 191.4 917.9 12.0 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale.6 104.0 28.7 98.6 64.8 430.3 279. mm 10.3 894.4 226.2 244.9 463.9 897. 65.6 870.3 894.8 135..4 658.4 383.0 436.3 274.1 616.2 81.8 212.4 767.6 870.2 292.1 434.8 301. Wall Thickness.9 254.6 870.6 794.1 562.2 615.3 522.0 5.6 106.8 543.1 97.Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-11M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm O.6 No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.6 300.4 767.4 481.6 794.4 73.4 67.9 147.2 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.6 710..1 198.4 3..9 515.2 23.8 178.2 125.4 767.0 580.3 404.6 137.8 86.8 166.6 253.9 396.4 917.2 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 6.0 311.0 331.0 701.4 445.6 710.6 102.3 160.9 7.8 104.4 739.6 591.5 634.6 739.3 152.1 356.3 93.6 208.4 4.6 75.4 172.4 767.3 89.5 417.4 120.7 204.2 325.2 133.8 105.1 562.8 7.9 513.8 88.8 894.4 298.1 94.5 236.8 266.4 917.6 845.8 334.7 382.4 149.7 172.4 303.1 409.1 7.3 388.8 246.7 750.3 94.7 820..0 549..7 560.9 72.4 .8 234.8 200.2 402..5 305.7 340.2 141.0 124.6 870.5 199.9 303.6 287.6 427.1 188.0 70.9 17.7 820.2 529.3 379.1 294.-`-`.. 63.2 615.1 467.2 578.8 701.0 6.7 820.2 207.7 118.`.3 894.7 172.3 92. t.8 83.7 155.8 107.2 300.7 137.8 167.0 118.6 30.6 845.4 125.2 101.5 270.3 378.8 315.9 340.3 118.8 165.9 107.7 680.2 437.3 225.3 894.2 584.4 532.3 6.0 580.7 78.0 252.2 267.3 266.7 680.8 216.6 794.6 90.6 710.5 218.`````.8 1.7 582.6 845.2 307.0 445.`.5 278.7 115.3 680.8 75.5 86.9 259.8 543.6 845.7 750.4 329.1 682.1 147.5 96.4 154.1 424.5 376.9 133.8 78.7 262.6 362.3 894.6 355.3 112.2 648.6 146.4 No limit 3.4 767.4 767.```.4 917.4 917.3 130.6 490.0 177.

0 171.2 206.. .6 105...2 154. ...8 10.. ..9 104.6 276.. .7 139..4 125. 86.5 87.5 160.9 300.. ..1 150... .0 115.1 122. 83. .4 130..9 127..2 ..8 112..6 13....9 167. . 70.7 128..5 113.2 150.9 214.....1 171...9 40 13. ...3 251.4 10. .8 --`.8 107.....8 188...7 162.. .4 15... . .8 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 9.3 211... 81.2 ..4 101. .5 .5 102.5 98...1 119.. . ... ..0 97.1 176.3 93.3 203.5 176....2 311.5 98.4 .... ...`. . 84.9 120. 81.6 157.4 188.. ..6 14.. ..7 143. . ..1 110.7 136.. 65.8 266. .2 23.. . .6 158.9 .6 108..2 192.. .. ...0 200......5 111.3 96.3 120. . .4 274.2 197...0 .. .9 203.8 229.... .. .. . .9 305...6 22...1 11.3 198.4 148.`.7 141. .0 120. . . .9 ..1 159. 60. ..... Wall Thickness.6 140..... .0 133. .`.0 127.... . . . .. ..Copyright ASME International Table 3-11M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm O.. ....0 122...5 118.8 107. .7 96..5 19. ..2 144.6 108..8 144.. 79. . .. ... ..2 118....0 155.. ..0 ....2 167.6 152.8 .9 104. .. . .0 96. .8 136.9 124..8 126.1 102.7 ..9 142. ... .. ... .6 165.1 239..2 133. 66..8 8.1 180. 78. 80. .6 9.3 281.3 91.6 136.1 155..7 107.8 88.7 145..5 96.. . .3 11.1 81.5 130. ..7 .7 ..5 234.9 273.2 138. .. . .....3 223.5 112.3 100.0 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale. .1 16.... ... . .0 131.4 153.9 ...7 ..1 20. . .1 129.9 178..`.4 .4 142. .8 92.9 103.```. .0 167..3 193.. 90...9 147..8 184.8 158. . ... ..2 242.5 100.8 197.2 . ..0 163... .7 170.8 145.. . mm 10.6 155.9 91....5 17..2 162..8 25.9 121.6 150...3 162.1 181.6 115.6 30.7 14.... .7 15.2 250..7 196.2 126.7 132.9 117. 86..2 135.3 176.2 227. . .... .4 258.1 133....3 175..2 17. . ... ..3 11.5 . .7 94.1 11.0 . 89.... .1 104.. .3 143...1 176...2 215..3 168.. .9 265. ...0 28. .8 109.. ..6 148.. .0 91..5 139.. ... 76.8 171...3 12.... .7 .5 163.3 181. ..2 111. 87. .2 121.6 152..4 27... 86.1 93. .4 173....0 17.. 74..6 245..4 133.4 157..5 98. .2 102.8 210... .4 86.. .9 118.0 112..1 177....2 .9 186..6 162.3 237.1 .-`-`..9 160. . .. .. 76.1 106..3 185..7 .1 122...3 322. ...3 .. .1 125.1 124.7 127. . ... 89.3 335. ..9 179.3 267..4 95..7 165. 69.8 220....8 150.... .. ...8 242.3 200.....9 144.8 226.. ..2 109.2 131..0 79.0 204... ...6 189.`--- .3 103. . .. .7 164.5 15.7 131...2 31. 67.8 ASME B31G-2009 13..2 217.3 116.3 101.3 111. 64.2 139. ...8 86. .4 112...3 131.3 152. .1 90..9 168.5 219.4 250. .5 11...9 12. . ..4 155.8 16.7 208..2 147..... 76. t.4 128.`.8 208.5 222.. . .1 227. . ... 83.9 231.9 68.0 123.0 124.D.8 147. .2 73.4 96... .3 290. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 15.3 92.6 10.....9 124.3 201. .6 91..1 115.5 .6 189....4 180. .8 .6 146. . .5 17.8 158..3 140..4 .6 201...7 191..7 150...2 194.0 127.. ..0 14.1 100.6 145.0 ...1 71..7 206.4 89. . .0 163.....7 101..8 134. mm d.... ..5 113..8 10. . .5 250.5 160..6 9.9 147.6 166.6 16... .2 180..5 114.5 143..7 106.. ..4 .7 225....9 .7 85.. .5 118. 84... ....3 106..9 182..4 76.....9 186.3 135. . .9 115.6 142. ...2 9.8 84.0 175.... (Cont’d) Provided by IHS under license with ASME Depth.`...7 117.5 .`````. 92. ..3 152. ..```..7 99...4 137.. ..6 121... .4 220....3 15.1 172.6 212. .8 170.5 .3 161.....9 137.. .7 14.. 72.. 79... .6 235... .. ..8 116.0 157..8 258..2 139.0 105.7 101...9 184.2 ..6 205.1 217.. 78........ ....3 294... .. ..6 171.3 88..2 192...8 155..8 119. .0 11...4 109....4 142.6 98..2 167..3 ... 72.1 243. 74..1 111.....5 16...9 12..4 129.8 213. .3 184. .. ..8 196. . 87.7 130. .2 .9 121....0 157.0 94.6 88..4 109. .7 ....9 173.0 182... .1 189.5 284.. 94.1 139.2 13.0 ... .8 99.9 193.9 17.8 12... 82.0 233.. ... .2 83.3 152.6 258.5 134. .4 14.1 152....7 165..

.`. . 97... . ..1 134.... . .. .... ..0 135. .. 104........2 133.1 23. ..5 113. ... .... . .... .... .... ..3 15..... .. .`````.. d. .... .. . .... . ..6 127. .5 19.... .1 19..4 110.. ... 100...... 104.4 27...... .....2 ASME B31G-2009 21........3 124.8 104. . ....5 107..3 113.. . . . .. ..4 131. ... .. . .. . .... .4 103. . . .. .... .. .6 124.. ..9 12. .7 24. .....`...... ... . . . ...... . .1 .... .4 18. ...... .1 146. 102. . ....D... t. .. .4 Not for Resale. ... 101... ..... ..... . ... . . ..0 22..... ...0 129... 89. ... . .. . ............ 105... . ... . . .....0 24..9 119. . . .. .......... ...... . .. ...... 90.. ....3 .. . 97...1 20.. ..6 138..8 116. 96. ... ........ . .. .2 21.1 . 108........... ...... ....... 92.. . 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 23. . . 100. ... ...`.....4 . 93.`.... . .. .6 ........................ ...6 111... .. .. .. ...5 41 21....7 14.. .... ......4 122. .... . ..8 25....... .. .1 148.. ...... . . . . ..9 112. ... . 106. ..4 113. .. .. .. ... . ...9 115... . . 102.... .... . . .. .. .. . . ..9 127. . .... ..1 99..1 25. ..... ..... . .6 . .. .. .6 30..6 22.. .. ..1 ..9 119..6 115..9 17... . ...`--- 18. ... .. .. ... ...6 104. .. 104..... .... ... . . . ..2 150.. ...5 23...7 130...`...9 108.6 ...... ..... . ..7 20.9 115. . . .. mm No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Depth.. .4 . .. .6 18. . ..6 110. .. .2 144.. ...3 109. .. . .8 21.. ...3 . . .. . . .. ..... .. ... ... ...... .. .....4 117..... 98..... ... .. ... .... .3 106.```... . ..5 114.5 120.. ......1 .. .5 ... .. .. ....... .....7 24....3 125. . ....... . .. ........3 11.. .2 19.. 93. .. ...8 125. ... 96... .. . .. . .. .... .6 22..... ....```. ....... . ..7 120.8 108. .. ..8 .. . ... . . .. .. ..2 31.........8 . .. .... ... .... . ..8 .4 127. .. . 103. . .. . .. .. . . .0 116.. ..5 116.. mm 10.. .9 112...2 142... .6 ..8 139.9 ..... .2 109.8 122. 101.. .Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-11M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 320 mm and < 1 422 mm O... . ...2 23.5 20..... ..8 ..4 .6 . .4 117.. ....9 125. 100.. . . .9 137. .. ... 98...0 23.. . 92..2 19. . 95......-`-`... . .. . 94. ..3 .... . .. .. .8 18. .9 ...... ....`..... ....... .9 108......1 . .3 --`.4 140. ... . ... ... ....0 28.. . . (Cont’d) Wall Thickness. .6 . .. .9 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 22.9 111.. .9 ......4 24.......2 19....3 121... .. ... 105.. ...4 109.3 20..8 136..1 105.. .6 100..4 25. .....1 11... .4 ....8 ...4 22...5 107. .0 112. .. .... . .... ...1 114.1 . 97.0 .0 122...9 20. . ..3 . ..2 105..... .... . ...4 132.........1 118.. . . .0 101........1 .... ...6 129..... .1 124. .. .. ...... . . .. ... ........ ....... . .... . . ....... .. .....1 102. ....... ..

03 30.79 22.16 5.06 13.04 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.`.42 0.93 21.58 2.47 33.82 20.66 11.30 14.`.54 37.47 33.28 .```..47 33.54 6.33 6.50 27.16 19.81 29.03 4.53 2.29 7.14 9.83 5.23 13.17 30.27 10.52 14.06 10.00 6.11 6.55 8.48 0.48 7.250 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 0.54 37.65 7.98 14.44 6.64 0..50 27. t.19 22.875 0.29 8.72 4.71 25.56 6.68 10.28 6.71 11.47 18.54 18.14 6.61 11.87 4.36 3.`.11 22.37 9.406 0.71 6.53 7.65 0.688 0.54 37.18 30.07 21.81 29.56 36.87 12.42 25.05 7.77 3.55 35.32 3.55 No limit No limit No limit 0.625 0..46 19.25 3.35 8.70 8.96 23.67 4..36 22.62 6.55 35.11 8.80 16.43 7.37 12.95 15.64 21.07 4.33 11.08 6.83 6.74 11.56 36.48 ASME B31G-2009 0.12 33.87 17.40 5.54 37.86 4.44 7.750 0.28 8.51 17.33 7.10 12.29 10.70 5.37 19.500 0.63 2.80 8.21 13.21 3.57 14.28 7.36 22.73 19.81 29.36 22.48 0.26 3.19 21.12 0.98 11.75 25.41 14.55 9.89 3.53 34.25 5.81 29.59 20.34 .76 8.63 6.58 3.73 5.43 12.78 28.812 0.87 4.39 30.67 9.53 36.11 31.01 12.45 16.05 13.71 9.56 36..55 35.50 8.10 9.03 30. in.21 31.27 5.70 27.86 23.16 5.15 36.29 25.54 37.09 3.34 6.31 14.22 3. --`.71 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.98 3.48 9.29 4.36 32.83 5.28 2.95 8.09 21.41 10.03 8.96 23.69 13.43 13.81 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.48 42 0.19 9.60 5.19 22.938 1.06 7.59 10.36 32.44 5.83 7.07 12.03 30.-`-`. 2.95 4.86 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 0.36 22.40 15.92 10.03 6.01 5.52 17.469 0.91 9.52 16.21 31.47 33.74 7.63 26. in.21 31.22 8.56 15.03 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.36 0.53 17.91 5.52 9.13 26.18 12.22 3.85 5. Wall Thickness.16 8.16 12..11 4.39 13.36 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.77 8.12 5.05 22.67 2.07 25.56 31.21 3.84 8.58 6.57 17.09 5.18 4.53 9.86 27.74 3.63 24.54 0.`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-12 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 56 Through NPS 60 Depth.81 13.53 34.58 7.09 14.12 15.90 9.58 13.83 5.03 30.84 12.54 37.55 35.50 27.48 3.58 28.30 11.44 2.99 3.23 10.48 0.14 4.53 34.56 36.09 11.`.92 0.56 36.53 34.81 4.21 31.15 5.63 10.19 4.34 3. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0.```.95 13.46 15. 2.66 15.32 2.56 36.24 3.96 7.68 4.90 7.55 35.000 1.97 11.125 1.53 No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.67 10.54 5.36 32.47 33.27 2.59 10.13 6.58 26.56 36.48 11.13 26.26 8.10 9.55 5.20 4.93 17.58 12.08 6.49 9.87 35.39 4.10 4.21 21.55 35.56 5.10 9.19 6..45 12.03 30.55 35.57 10.66 12.05 23.02 6.23 10.51 16.75 25.56 23.94 13.562 0.06 21.89 0.66 31.31 2.48 13.96 23.64 35.74 14.42 16.21 3.69 8.11 7.54 11.32 3.`.53 34.56 7. 0.83 18.54 37.91 27.24 7.45 3.05 21.22 7..04 20.71 25.90 17.85 23.43 4.48 21.43 25.87 3.37 6.29 34.54 No limit 0.83 19.92 11.98 4.56 36.27 14.53 34.48 0.08 14.61 16.95 4.64 5.79 20.09 3.91 14.17 4.26 13.85 5.78 4.74 12.41 11.54 37.62 12.81 29.44 8.`.52 3.55 4.20 4.91 32.96 3.57 5.19 22.70 8.65 0.82 6.89 18.13 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 0.08 11.98 11.27 11.71 25.53 34..62 29.43 27.89 12.79 6.10 3.08 Not for Resale.21 3.062 1.85 3.21 31.. d.30 2.44 0.45 18.19 22.29 15.47 33.36 32.438 0.38 5.36 32.17 37.50 27.21 31.29 2.78 15.81 6.45 6.86 9.13 26.97 14.48 17.48 0.14 9..188 1.03 7.48 0.27 8.23 3.86 10.73 14.33 .12 7.82 7.50 19.22 13.65 18.28 15..90 8..68 33.57 16.36 32.61 9.62 17.68 16.23 9.`````.96 23.62 4.48 0.47 33.35 4.98 26.

.`.49 2..25 10........ ....13 6.938 1. . . .37 8..02 6.80 6.. .57 .46 3...77 9.. .58 10. . .17 4..28 4..47 ..96 5.. ..45 10...97 3.84 5.30 5.01 7.67 . .99 6.812 0...... .. ..-`-`.54 8.. .49 7.188 1.36 3.. 3..83 7...64 6.72 4.34 4......96 5. 2.36 0..45 9. ... .`..88 11. . ..875 0..23 4. 2.80 3..68 9.72 5.. .84 5. .58 9..35 .... ....69 5.71 7...99 9.12 5. .73 6.63 4...52 6.61 6.32 3.21 8...66 3.. .....97 3..33 3. . . . .24 7. .83 4.`.51 7. .14 6....53 8..56 11.19 0.500 0.. ..29 7.45 4. ..34 6..16 6.53 0.26 3.20 3.. .24 5.83 8.96 8.....19 4. 3...55 0.12 3.37 6. .. in.55 8..71 0.19 0.688 0..28 4.25 6.42 5.89 3.97 5... .94 6.94 4.54 .34 5.```.. ..20 4.61 5.. . . .......64 . ....60 .48 6.70 5.86 5..41 .33 9.....61 4. . ..51 0.062 1.53 .....65 4....02 6. .83 6. .56 . .57 4... ...69 4.. ...93 5. .19 7.29 7.05 4..46 0..98 4. .04 6.....95 4..47 6.58 6. 3..47 6.63 4....39 4. . d.22 10.. ....71 6.79 4.37 4... . .83 5....75 6. ...46 5. .24 11..88 9.37 6.11 3....36 7.75 5. . ....92 6.49 ....66 .90 8.13 4. .. ...38 5.`.37 10.51 3..54 4.88 0.66 9. .02 13. . .. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0...11 9..625 0.24 7.. . .... ...16 5. . . ..44 0.63 7. .Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-12 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 56 Through NPS 60 (Cont’d) Depth.09 5. .... . . ..64 4. .85 5... ..53 ASME B31G-2009 0. 3.... .61 5. in. .33 5. ..02 4.22 8.78 5. .97 10..78 7... .50 5..48 .000 1. . . 3.31 0.95 6.....09 0. .. ..01 0.29 4.92 12.45 8.25 8.. .06 3... .09 5.93 4...83 3..91 5...16 4.85 6. 3. . . . ..39 8.. .27 0.. ...55 .. ..250 0..30 4. 3.57 8.61 5.....23 5. ..90 10...62 7..99 5..53 4.93 4.87 5. . ...`--- 0.65 5.20 4.53 9.... .45 5. 3....20 7..01 5.. ..39 3.29 5. .50 .34 6....70 . . 2.07 6... 3. . ...76 7.... .19 5.39 .72 8..40 . ..61 12.... ......46 7.75 0.... .14 3.55 6. .85 6. .17 0.. 3..23 4. 3. ..04 0.53 5.. .55 11.. ....46 6.26 5... 3. 3.23 12. .91 6....90 43 0.04 8.58 4.86 6...37 .77 4...49 4..43 9..406 0. 2.22 5...10 8..92 3.97 0.80 6.. .90 7.. .74 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale.125 1..`.45 4. 3.28 0....77 5...91 4.38 5.76 0... 2.59 6. .88 8...09 4.60 6. 3.. 3. .. .44 .31 12.84 4... ...73 4.63 ..69 .58 .42 5. . 0.70 5.85 0..59 . 3......... .. 2.```. .21 6. .11 4. ...62 5.54 4..41 3. 3.83 4... 3..750 0.92 10.28 3. ....76 4.58 6.`.. 3.55 7..58 4.66 4.02 4... .19 3.57 5. ..02 4.....42 4.10 5..02 4..55 5.51 6.37 4.54 0..88 8.14 6.90 7.. .13 4.... . .70 10.58 7... . 3.01 7...95 4.92 6.42 . ......74 4. 3..`````.24 6.62 2.. . 3.....38 .75 8.74 3..45 3. .40 8. .. ... . .05 4...46 7.... ..61 .12 3.07 6..85 4.15 7.43 .96 9.01 3. ..21 0.02 9. .46 4. .. . ..46 ..47 13. 2. .45 ..60 0.09 7.02 7. .36 ..71 8. . ....78 9.88 0...82 7.02 7.. .....469 0..92 5..... .52 4.....24 .62 . ..04 3... . ..66 7...70 7.. .20 7.07 8..81 5...39 9.. . 3. .23 6.63 10...31 9...43 8.74 4.29 4.25 11.25 3. . . 3.438 0..47 5..36 8.23 3..36 5..51 .. Wall Thickness. 3.. ....10 0..42 7.64 0...39 4. .72 5. .67 7.05 7. ..51 3.71 4.34 0.86 7.72 --`.45 4... ..23 11.83 7.71 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 0.. .68 ...69 6.19 9.56 7..34 5..06 5. .. ..52 .61 8.62 7. .91 6.33 0.15 5. ..70 6.29 6... .29 10... 2.87 4.71 8. .13 6. . t.12 5.. ....77 6.07 5... . .562 0. .02 5.70 3. . .68 6.38 4.96 7.82 6..97 5.70 6..43 7.11 4. .03 6..53 5..65 ...44 6.. 2.21 5.34 3..06 8.86 0. 3.

... 3. .. ... . ...```. ..55 4.45 4. . ...... . .... ... .... 0..14 0.... .. 3.. . ..... ..36 5. .... .21 44 0... ..41 0...........42 0. . ...92 ... .62 5. .. ...28 0. ....... . .. . .... .... 4.76 5.. .31 0.. .938 1.....04 4... ... .07 5... ......29 5.44 5.. ... ......`````...35 0.81 0.. . 4.. .. . .00 5.. ...... ........562 0.. 3. .. ... 3... ..49 4..83 ..80 ...469 0. .....01 0. . .32 4... . ..406 0. .64 Not for Resale. ...91 ....86 ....87 4..97 .. .. ... .438 0..... . ....... . .99 5. Wall Thickness..39 4....21 4.... . .. ... ....... ......99 4. . . .. .. . . . .78 5............. 4....`.. t.69 6.85 5.15 4..000 1.`.. ..... ... ... 4.. .. .22 4. .062 1. .... .84 . ...... ... ..83 4. .98 0..21 5... .. .... .. .... 4...14 5... . . . . .... . ... ..14 5. . . 4. . . ..500 0. --`.... ...55 4.. ..76 4....94 4. 3..... 3. ... . ...... .. .89 0. 4. .... .79 .. ..78 . . .........90 ....812 0. ......`..99 .. . . . ....```.. ....... 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 0.... ...07 ASME B31G-2009 0. .. .. . .`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-12 Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ NPS 56 Through NPS 60 (Cont’d) Depth......85 ..42 4.52 5... . ..20 . ... . .. ...32 4. .43 4.... . 3. .... . . ..37 4... .... ... . . .. . ...... .49 0.... ........69 5...688 0......76 0. . 4... . .... .33 4.10 4. . ...... ...70 4.. . .. ... ..... ..... 3..... .. .. ...... .. . .29 4....71 ....89 ..... . . .......... . . ..36 0.. .. . .. 4. ...73 0. .. . . 4. .. . . .... .10 4..... .65 0.. .. .. . ...61 5. .47 0.. .... . 3... .... ..58 0.. . 4.. ......76 .. .. ... .. ..64 4.. ..48 4. . . .. ..... ... ... . . . . ....26 4... .... ...94 . ..95 . ...58 5. . . . . ...625 0. ..71 5.. ..-`-`. . . .. . .. ... ... ........82 0... . .. . ..... . .... .... .875 0.. . .. ..00 4... . ... 4..188 1. ..... .. . .. .92 5...... ..80 5.77 .....73 . . . ...98 4.. 3........ ..`.... .. 4.. . .... .. ... . . .. ... .... . .. . ..74 ... ...250 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 0..60 6. .... .10 4...... . ... . .93 4..89 4.... ....16 4..... .. . . ....52 0....... .. ..... 4... . ..82 ........15 0.. ..04 4.. .... .93 .... . in. . .. .... . .. ...76 4.... . . 4...`....... ... 3. . . . ..64 5....94 0......... . .....86 5. . . d...88 . . ....35 4.. . . . .... . . 4. . . .57 0.15 4... ....06 0. ....93 5...19 4.96 . . ..20 4.... ...07 5.51 4. .. .750 0. ... .67 5............ ...... . . 4... .72 .. .98 .73 5.. .00 ....... .`....125 1....26 4.... ... ..... .06 4.... ...70 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 0.... ..... ... ... 3...12 4... .. in.87 .75 . ..88 0..22 5.81 .... ... . . . 4... ..82 4. . .25 1.27 4... .......

5 425.0 767.5 272.2 119.7 368.5 278.3 81.6 583.2 251.1 45 4.5 498.3 154.7 159..8 147.1 368.2 928.5 824.5 268.3 323.5 877.6 824.2 358.0 393.8 639.1 ASME B31G-2009 4.5 No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.6 563.0 353.1 269.2 651.3 116.5 824.2 124.3 84.8 25.5 220.4 673.2 147.9 186.8 573.3 473.3 796.4 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.2 253.0 376.0 215.1 3.8 235.5 260.7 169.7 851.0 191.2 294.6 263.5 903.5 87.5 158.4 500.6 30.5 877.6 152.1 638.5 78.8 434.4 540.9 242.0 28.1 952.5 877.3 315.6 164.4 673.5 903..5 903.1 165.7 851.4 362.D.```.3 98.8 109.7 315.7 311.1 5.3 796.6 22.0 144.4 851.9 376.7 930.6 151.3 122.6 310.7 851.9 432.5 440.0 228.8 .2 329.6 674.2 171.4 195.3 218.2 173.6 134.2 706.0 417.1 20.`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-12M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 422 mm Through 1 524 mm O.5 877.8 206.9 175.0 450.7 420.5 824.5 767.4 96.4 93.5 283.5 903..2 340.9 279.9 76.1 85.8 153.2 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale.9 230.7 801.8 345.5 256.4 673.8 245.7 928.8 485.9 573.3 394.6 205.2 602.0 453..9 276.0 6.7 220.4 122.2 23.1 253.6 138.9 509.9 175.0 769.1 673.1 952.1 952.0 102.5 767.-`-`.5 767.0 234.1 201.1 61.5 493.8 688.5 637.8 317.6 563.4 130.4 444.5 903.3 353.5 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.4 637.1 3.5 767.8 206.5 499.9 256.4 583.3 100.4 244.3 98.7 226.5 462.5 877.7 614.3 379.2 368.2 480.5 217.7 163.5 824.1 8.8 141.6 583.1 952. Wall Thickness.9 236.2 928.9 332.2 31.7 14.2 129.9 658.0 341.6 402.6 243. mm No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS d.1 104.9 210.`.4 205.4 452.7 115.4 532.3 337.8 5.1 341.6 410.7 250.8 216.2 707.1 337.9 368.5 194.8 299.1 549.1 153.3 11.3 737.1 155.5 216.4 69.1 199.3 796.3 112.8 467.1 4.9 129.8 131.1 327.2 195..7 378.8 542.2 395.2 606.8 207.8 7.6 123.7 152.9 75.1 4.2 706.8 390.2 7.7 371.2 116.1 952.4 569.8 136.5 247.6 .5 261.1 952.9 70. 67.1 461.3 197.5 765.8 1.5 No limit No limit No limit 3.7 809.9 509.2 928.2 706.`.9 17. Depth.5 893.1 127.6 290.```.1 952.8 6.1 103.3 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.6 78.2 602.1 354.7 135.5 96.3 15.8 75.6 93.9 796.1 5.2 200.7 285.6 536.4 264.3 167.5 903.`.9 135.`.6 728.6 189.8 234.9 344.7 397.3 796.0 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.5 372.2 928..4 289.7 84.6 90.1 108.6 583.4 104.9 81.3 158..7 851.2 184.0 184.7 117.8 94.4 6.3 737.9 306.3 737.3 581.5 179.9 393. t.6 8.2 278.0 224.1 303.1 179.8 397.3 796.5 73.5 824.0 535.5 877.9 727.4 877.3 143.2 108.6 171.9 160.1 446.9 64.2 209.2 952.3 138. 65.9 285.5 767.4 111.8 100.6 87.5 7.6 105.4 88.6 115.2 928.9 600.8 92.1 No limit 3.4 81.2 319.0 370.3 183.5 522.3 166.0 115.1 72.3 245.3 147. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 6.4 212.6 243.7 851.2 110.8 683.5 706..7 136.3 173.1 5.3 737.4 81.3 120.2 706.3 290.0 172.4 411.1 131.4 328.1 638.7 851.0 491.5 296.2 269.2 280.4 185.0 418.`.3 159.2 602.1 952.2 178.3 737..4 90.8 195.1 142.1 737.3 195.1 290.7 276.9 323.5 190.4 27.2 706.2 101.8 185.0 122.6 66.7 243.7 215.6 563.2 603.2 477.7 851.0 346.4 402.4 283. mm 10.1 343.5 594.1 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 1.1 106.7 238.9 552.8 851.0 225.5 350.5 98.8 89.4 298.3 796.4 .5 19.3 111.0 148.5 240.3 78.2 928.1 11.6 426.5 542..9 226.8 140.2 544.5 903.5 123.1 638.2 602.3 72.5 181.0 8.8 163.5 No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit No limit 2.3 542..9 7.3 281.`.5 877.1 141.2 928.5 903.1 311.9 443.5 824.. --`.9 12.0 84.4 312.5 311.1 638.2 928.8 417.4 129.`````..

2 132... .3 187. . .`.... .2 193.. .5 152.1 125.4 316.. ..8 122.3 183. ...5 165. 77.. .7 150.3 111..8 119. ..... 85.2 126.0 174.. ..2 31..0 195..3 152..5 ...2 ...8 25....1 .2 198.3 ..1 261.. .5 106.5 .8 102.6 106.9 141.9 ...9 123.8 161.4 155.6 108.6 226..8 97...9 124..2 .3 95. ....9 126.1 129...8 140.. ..3 301. 84.`.. . . .1 242.3 15.. .6 120.2 115........6 102..5 178...7 110.7 102.0 17.`.1 139. .. . 75..1 14. . ..1 145.0 276.0 204. ..1 105.9 102..1 218.. ... 97.3 141... ....4 .5 166.4 161.. .0 132..4 122..5 205. ...3 118..0 166.8 200..8 104... .6 117.8 207. ..7 ..5 105.0 161..7 150. . ... ..6 92.8 348. 71..8 119.7 . .... 82.. .6 223...2 . . .. 84. .2 ..2 189.1 128.6 219.3 71.. 82.4 130. .. .1 135. .4 161..0 78. 81..1 200.9 260. .3 121.. .0 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS 9.0 153..4 119. ....7 138.6 10. .. .6 204.`. 68..3 97.2 16. .3 13.1 205..4 111...2 312.3 209. .3 13. .. ... .8 114.8 211.. .0 287... ....3 11....4 99.4 171.9 144..2 145.8 167. ....9 100.0 .. .3 187.3 283.. .9 138.0 . .8 285..7 170. 81.2 127.7 147. 86.9 220...0 93. ... .8 121. .1 164. .5 .3 221. ...4 ...8 202.6 122..2 128. 92.7 . .8 94.1 179. ..4 96. .0 227.4 136.6 99. .0 11.7 76.0 259.1 15.3 90. .3 117.4 108.5 100. .5 103...2 12. .2 231...0 103...1 113.4 . t.1 109.9 17..4 188. .4 248..D..6 14.0 116.3 155. .7 17. .4 193.7 244..3 164...9 323.5 12.5 187.3 141. ...0 .8 . .0 143..1 131.5 147.. ..2 196......4 180... 90.1 185.3 163. 95. .2 91.4 268...8 135.2 136..5 141. ... .. .6 158.. .3 100.5 253.3 172.3 294.... ...2 126..`. .Copyright ASME International Table 3-12M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 422 mm Through 1 524 mm O....1 175..8 107.7 213..... .2 9...4 154....7 156...5 89. .9 180..6 154.. .3 ...1 98. .0 115.0 9..4 119...1 20....8 133.5 .1 112...... .8 174.. . ..0 182... 89..6 187..3 129.9 ..9 115.8 136.. .. .5 163..4 171.3 148..6 126..0 16..0 236. . . .2 191.1 148.1 275. .. .0 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 Not for Resale.9 117. .0 .8 8.1 46 13. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 15.. 79.7 . ...3 110. .3 168...5 82.0 9.. 79.. mm d. .5 17.2 108. .6 22.......8 119..7 104... 66.1 212..8 157. 86.5 19.... .8 138.5 251.9 155.7 99. . ..0 16..6 30. ..7 14. ....8 113.8 178.3 113...7 148.8 10.7 .2 214. 87.6 150. .5 178.4 305.6 169...7 . ..6 122...9 216...2 191. . .9 12...```..7 175.. .4 27..6 15.........9 ..1 89. .9 153.. .. .6 182.1 97.. .....8 151.2 132. .9 144..6 173. .. .6 142.9 102..1 254.1 123.0 126...1 11..4 159..9 229.. 73..4 277. ... ..2 113..4 111.5 243. .0 153.. .6 200.4 16.3 107..0 17.6 158. .....3 189..3 146.5 74.0 161.... 83.....3 148.. .....7 129...8 214.. . . ...8 110.4 268.. .1 133. .3 92...9 200.. .7 .9 ..2 137. .. . .. .5 234. . .9 134. . ..5 87.7 104....7 225. ....2 129. (Cont’d) Provided by IHS under license with ASME Depth.0 231.. 75. 79...9 166.3 15.7 177.. .9 135.6 --`.1 164..9 168..2 183. . ....7 10.2 252.. . .6 208.7 237.3 131.. ..0 292.5 235..9 104.3 14. 63...0 11.6 146. 69...7 192..2 186.4 228. .2 .0 178.`--- .1 14.4 92... ..```.9 95.5 134.9 155.4 . 92.2 123. ..6 158. .1 216.7 268. ...2 127..5 109... 67..`````.3 147. ... 77. ..8 .. 89. . . . .2 23..2 183.. . 89. mm 10. Wall Thickness.9 158. ....6 150. .. . . 94. ..8 86....7 ASME B31G-2009 13.1 11.3 11.8 136. .. .4 335... ...2 173......-`-`...... ..`.0 142.0 181... . .....9 144..2 .7 163.....0 168.4 88...3 101..3 144... 91. ....1 163.2 130. ....2 211.1 196..4 140..9 106.3 182. .2 222.1 12..7 159..7 196..4 10...9 240.0 .7 94.0 28.5 ....3 208.. .6 191...6 204.5 246.3 195.0 115.2 158... ..6 168.6 84.. .4 124..1 113.0 236. ...5 138.8 173.2 117....9 95.1 169......3 170. . .1 150. 87.0 260.7 176.

. .. . .. .. ..... 102.... ...... ... ... ..... ... . .. 112. . ..8 ASME B31G-2009 21.. . .2 130....... .2 108.1 . t... ... ..... .1 120........ ... .9 128. 101. ..0 123.6 19..... ..0 28... .4 19. ...... .. ...9 107.....1 113. .. ..3 15... .... . 99...8 . . .. .... 102. .3 145.5 121..... .. ...4 143.. .. ...4 Licensee=BP International/5928366101 22... . .....6 125. .. . .. 94.. . ........5 ......... ....7 140. ..... . .5 24.8 124.. ..... ...8 . ...6 22.. .... 104.3 128. .. .... .. ...1 127.4 ..5 115.0 .0 114......4 . ... . ........... .. 108.2 23.8 20. .. mm No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Depth. ... . .... .. .. . .. . .. 98. . . . ... .... .1 . .. ..`````.. . . ..... .........3 117.. ...7 --`..... . ....2 114....`--- ..... ..... .. . 95.. .5 21. .. . . ...6 30.. .. ..... ..3 127.2 123. 109. ... .. ....... d.8 109. .. .. ... .. .. ..... . ..4 25...... .. .. ....3 .3 .... .. . . ...... .. 104.0 137.. .. 105... ... . ....8 ...6 119. .2 111.. ... .. ... ... .. ....6 126.6 130.2 147. ...5 103.. . ... ....... ........... . . . 106. .. ....1 134. . .6 . .. ...0 104..... ... . ......4 114.... . ....1 ..3 23.. .9 117..9 120. 105. ....3 154.. ..6 .1 ...`.Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Table 3-12M Values of L for Pipe Sizes ≥ 1 422 mm Through 1 524 mm O. ...1 11... .......4 27.. . ..2 149. .1 . .. .. .. .. .. 109. . . 110.. .... mm 10. . .. . ..... 98.9 .. .... .```....8 138..1 24. . . . . .. . ... ...7 24.....2 151. ... .. 106.7 20..8 25.8 18...D.. .5 141... . ......... .. .. .5 19. . .... .. .... . .. ... ..8 ... ....7 139... . ..... ..1 . ...8 116. ....4 105. .... .5 125. .5 122.....5 121.... ..4 156. . ....6 112.... . ..7 115. .. . ...4 108. .. .7 109. .4 . . ..... .....9 24. ..7 113. ..1 113.......9 17.. .. . .. .....6 ... .3 .. 100.....3 .. ... . .`.1 . ....2 22.6 .. .... .. . ...6 22.. ....5 19. .. ..5 20.1 20. .. .. .. ... 97. .. ..... . .....`...`.4 23.. ....8 Not for Resale... . 95...8 23..... . . .8 18. .9 12....5 112. ....```.. . ... .. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT 23..... . ...7 14.0 124. . 106... 101. . . .. ... 104..6 144.. ... . .4 . ....0 110. . .......-`-`.......... .....`. ........9 132. 96.6 20. . ...... .0 18. .4 118. ..2 135.. ..... . . .. ... .. .....1 119........ . .... .. ... ..... ... 108. .... .. . ......... ..9 119. .. .3 18. .. . .. ..9 136.. . . . ..2 117....8 121. . .6 .... .... ......... . . .. .. ....3 11....7 116..... 108..0 22. .`.. ... . ... .6 128..2 130..... ..... . . ......6 . ...4 19..0 25..9 .2 31... .5 134.4 117. 101.3 47 21. ..6 106. ... . ... .... . . .... 92.. . . .. ..9 ..4 132. ... ..... ...... . ... . .................. . (Cont’d) Wall Thickness. ..... ...2 111.6 142.0 132..0 21. . ...... ...

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31E-2008 Manual for Determining the Remaining Strength of Corroded Pipelines: Supplement to ASME B31 Code for Pressure Piping. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .`. . . . . . . . . . . . . B31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1988.. . . .. . . . . . .8-2007 Managing System Integrity of Gas Pipelines . . . . .3-2008 Pipeline Transportation Systems for Liquid Hydrocarbons and Other Liquids. . . . . . . .`. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31Q-2006 NOTE: (1) USAS B31. . . . . . . . B31. . . . . . . . . . . . ASME will continue to make available USAS B31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .`. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-`-`. . . . . . . . . . ASME CODE FOR PRESSURE PIPING. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . The ASME Publications Catalog shows a complete list of all the Standards published by the Society. .`````. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21-1968 Process Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31G-2009 Standard Test Method for Determining Stress Intensification Factors (i-Factors) for Metallic Piping Components . . . . B31. . . B31J-2008 Pipeline Personnel Qualification. . . . . . or the latest information about our publications.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .`. . . . . . . . . . . . call 1-800-THE-ASME (1-800-843-2763). . . . . . . . . . 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31. . . . B31. . . . . . . . . . . . .12-2008 Standard for the Seismic Design and Retrofit of Above-Ground Piping Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-1968 as a historical document for a period of time. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . --`. . . . . . .`. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8S-2004 Building Services Piping . . . . .9-2008 Slurry Transportation Piping Systems. . . . . . . . . .. .. . . .```. .`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B31 Power Piping . . .5-2006 Gas Transmission and Distribution Piping Systems . . B31. . . . . . . . . B31. . . . . B31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .`. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11-2002 Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines. .```. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1-2007 Fuel Gas Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-1968 was withdrawn as an American National Standard on February 18. . . . . For a complimentary catalog. . . . . . . . .4-2006 Refrigeration Piping and Heat Transfer Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

.`.`. Information as to whether or not technical inquiries are issued to this code or standard is shown on the copyright page.`.`.. Mail Call Toll Free Fax—24 hours E-Mail—24 hours ASME US & Canada: 800-THE-ASME 973-882-1717 Infocentral@asme. we make every effort to answer your questions and expedite your orders.. Simply mail. Our representatives are ready to assist you in the following areas: ASME Press Member Services & Benefits Public Information Codes & Standards Other ASME Programs Self-Study Courses Credit Card Orders Payment Inquiries Shipping Information IMechE Publications Professional Development Subscriptions/Journals/Magazines Meetings & Conferences Short Courses Symposia Volumes Member Dues Status Publications Technical Papers How can you reach us? It’s easier than ever! There are four options for making inquiries* or placing orders.`.`..`````.```. --`. fax.```.. Additional procedures for inquiries may be listed within..org 22 Law Drive. or E-mail us and an Information Central representative will handle your request. New Jersey Mexico: 95-800-THE-ASME 07007-2900 (95-800-843-2763) Universal: 973-882-1167 * Information Central staff are not permitted to answer inquiries about the technical content of this code or standard. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT . phone.-`-`.`--- Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale. Box 2900 (800-843-2763) 973-882-5155 Fairfield. All technical inquiries must be submitted in writing to the staff secretary. ASME Services ASME is committed to developing and delivering technical information.... At ASME’s Information Central.

`````..`.```.`--- INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK Copyright ASME International Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale.`.`..-`-`. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT ...`..```.. --`....`.`.

-`-`..`.. 09/01/2010 15:45:44 MDT .`..`.```.`````.`--- Copyright ASME International A12109 Provided by IHS under license with ASME Licensee=BP International/5928366101 No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale..`. ASME B31G-2009 --`.`.`..```.....