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API 510 Data Sheets (Class Abbrev.

API 510 Scope (Alteration, Inspection, Repair, Rerate)


API 510 AI's Employer (Jurisdiction, User, Insurance company, Contractor)


API 520 Repair Organization ( ASME stamp holder, authorized by Jurisdiction, Owner,


Primary responsibilities of API 510 AI (Testing, Inspection, Examination)


How to determine Corrosion Rate for New Service or Change in Service (Same or
Similar Service, Owner's Experience, Published Data, or Inspect in 1000 hrs)


API 510 Data Sheet (Ref. Documents)

Fitness for Service (FFS)

API 579

Risk Based Inspection

API 580

API Design for Fabrication of Exchangers

API 660

Welding on In-Service Equipment containing Flammables

API 2201

NDE Procedure Guidelines

ASME Section V
Alternative evaluation for pits and LTA's

ASME Section 8, Division 2

Welder & Weld Procedure Qualification

ASME Section IX

NDE Personnel Qualification (RT & UT Flaw Detection)


API 510 Data Sheets (percentages)

RT film density - limits of weld as compared to the IQI (range)

-15 to +30%

Maximum percent of carbon allowed in new materials


AI - amount of time inspector must be involved in inspection activities - required to

maintain API 510 certification


Materials- amount of nickel required for a material to be considered a nickel alloy

Greater than 30%

Maximum operational pressure of a conventional rupture disk (% of burst pressure)


Center portion of head when evaluating a LTA using the spherical formula


API 510 Data Sheets (temperatures)

Welding - base metal temp where welding is not recommended?

Less than 0F
Welding - Base metal temp when pre-heat to 60F is recommended?

0-32 F

Corrosion - CUI affects Carbon Steel & low alloy (temp range)?

10-350 F

UT Calibration - calibration block must be within what temperature of the part to be



NDE - standard temperature range for a P T exam?

40-125 F

Corrosion - temperature where cooling water corrosion starts to significantly



Corrosion - temperature where chloride stress corrosion cracking becomes a concern?

Less than 140F

Corrosion - CUI affects Austenitic Stainless Steel (temp range)?

140-400 F

NDE - Special procedures are needed for UT thickness readings

Greater than or = 150F

Corrosion - temperature when high strength caustic causes serious corrosion in CS and
300 SS

Greater than 150F

Corrosion - temperature swings that can cause thermal fatigue


Corrosion - most aggressive CUI temperature range

212-250 F
Welding - minimum pre-heat temperature, when pre-heat is substituted for PWHT


Welding - minimum pre-heat temperature, when a local PWHT is used in lieu of a full
encirclement PWHT


Corrosion - starting temp for Sulfidation on carbon steel


Corrosion - temper embrittlement for low chromes (range)

650-1100 F

Inspection - if vessel operating temp is above this consult a Corrosion Specialist when
developing an inspection plan

Greater than > 750F

Corrosion - if operating temp is above this, check for Creep in Cat Reformer equipment

Greater than 900F

NDE - maximum temperature for Ut readings


Materials - carbon steel PWHT temperature


Testing - minimum base metal temp during hydro testing vessels < or = 2" thick

MDMT + 10F

Testing - minimum base metal temp during hydrotesting vessels > 2" thick

MDMT + 30F

NDE - Maximum temperature for magnetic particles

Manufacturer Recommend
API 510 Data Sheets (misc. other)
Define - repair (key words)

Restore - suitable

Define - alteration (key words)

Physical change

Define - RBI's two primary factors

Probability consequence

Define - location on a vessel of Vessel MAWP


Define - imperfection that exceeds the acceptance criteria


Define - A flaw that may or may not exceed the acceptance criteria


Design - joint category of the vessel longitudinal weld

Design - join category of a vessel circumferential weld

Design - RT factors representing Full RT

RT-1, RT-2

Design - RT factors representing Spot RT


Design - weld type - butt double welded

Type 1
Design - weld type - butt single welded with backing

Type 2

Design - weld type - butt single welded without backing

Type 3

Design - vessel service that always requires Full RT


Design - maximum set pressure for single relief device on a vessel


Design - marking on a nameplate indicating vessel was PWHT


Design - marking on nameplate indicating vessel is in lethal service

Design - ASME section VIII stamp for routine vessels

Design - ASME section VIII stamp for miniature vessels


Design - ASME section VIII stamp for relief devices


NDE- number of CML's to obtain thickness readings during inspection (key word)


NDE- number of Nozzles to obtain thickness readings during inspection (key word)


NDE - lead letter used during RT to check for backscatter radiation

NDE - lead letter used during RT to indicate film-side IQI

NDE - hole size that must be visible in RT when using a hole-type IQI


NDE - two primary Gamma-ray RT sources

Ir 192, Co 60

RV's - how relief devices should be transported


RV's - how relief device intervals are determined (key word)


Welding - variables needed on WPS

Essential & Non- essential

Welding - variables needed on PQR


Welding - processes that can be used when substituting Preheat or controlled

deposition welding for a required PWHT


Welding - minimum taper required for shell welds with mismatch

3 to 1

Weld qualification - The "all-position" test coupon


Weld qualification - rejectable in Rt when qualifying a welder

Crack, Lack of fusion, incomplete penetration

Weld qualification - which welding process can a welder not be qualified by RT


Weld qualification - maximum allowed thickness on a WPS based on the plate

thickness (T) of a PQR test coupon


API 510 data sheet (misc.)

Weld procedure


Qualification record of weld procedure


Welder's qualification record (welders papers)


Document that must be prepared and maintained for each vessel and relief device

Inspection plan

Manual that must be prepared and maintained by each Owner/User that uses API 510

QA Inspection/ repair Manual

Two documents that are needed by each repair organization that repairs relief devices

QC Manual & training

Design pressures within scope of ASME Section VIII & API 510

Greater than or = 15 psig

Design pressures of non-fired boilers (waste heat boilers) that require Full RT

Greater than or = 50 psig

Minimum range of pressure gauge used during a test

1.5 x P test
Preferred range of pressure gauge used during a test

2.0 x P test

Maximum range of pressure gauge used during a test

4.0 x P test

Subject to temper embrittlement


Subject to chloride stress-corrosion cracking

300 SS

Subject to polytheonic acid stress-corrosion cracking

300 SS

Common material with an endurance limit (fatigue cracking cannot occur below this
stress level)

Carbon steel

Common material without an endurance limit

Stainless steel

P-numbers allowed to use pre-heat in lieu of PWHT

P1 & P3

P-numbers allowed to use controlled deposition in lieu of PWHT

P1, P3, & P4

P-numbers of base metal that should be examined for delayed cracking after repairs
to SS cladding

P3, P4, & P5

API 510 Data Sheets (Dimensions)

Maximum length of crack, incomplete penetration, or incomplete fusion allowed on a
new weld?


Smoothness of relief devices seating surfaces?

3 light beads/bands

Maximum allowed mil tolerance of a plate?

Lesser: 0.010" or 6% of T"

Maximum allowed size of open discontinuity in a bend test?


Maximum distance beyond the area to be examined to clean a part when performing
a MT examination?


Maximum distance beyond the area to be examined to clean a part when performing
a PT examination?


Minimum radius of insert patch?


Wall thickness of CS shell that requires PWHT?

> 1 1/2"

Wall thickness of shell that requires Full RT?

> 1 1/2"

Maximum length of pits allowed in 8" line?


Distance beyond weld that preheat must be maintained when performing preheat in
lieu of PWHT?

Greater of: 4" or 4T

Vessel inside diameters that are excluded from the scope of Section VIII?

< 6"

Minimum length to RT/UT when qualifying a welder with test coupon or 1st
production weld?


Minimum length of RT/UT when qualifying a welding operator with a test coupon?


Minimum length of spot RT?


NDE - minimum distance of eye-to-part to count as a visual exam?


Maximum area of pits allowed in an 8" circle?

7 in. squared

Maximum distance on weld between welder's stamp?


Minimum length of RT when qualifying a welding operator with RT of first production



Minimum overlap for PWHT when using multiple heats?


Maximum length of weld represented by 1 Spot RT?


Minimum allowed wall thickness at a pit?

1/2 t-min