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in Frequent Sequences Dataset

Mr.Suraj Patil1, Prof: Parth Sagar2

1P. G Student, Department of Computer Engineering, RMD Sinhgad School of Engineering, Pune, India

2Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Engineering, RMD Sinhgad School of Engineering, Pune, India

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------***----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Abstract- Discovery of Frequent sequence mining is an There are other problems with static load-balancing

essential data mining task with broad applications .The output the estimation of the running time in a PBEC is a non trivial

of the algorithm is used in many other areas like market task. The intuition behind this is that exact computation of

basket analysis, chemistry and bioinformatics. The frequent number of frequent sequences in a PBEC is at least #P

sequence mining is computationally high expensive. Further complete task. The hardness also comes from the fact that

sequential patterns mining in a single dimension mining and the amount of work necessary to process one sequence vary

multidimensional sequential patterns can give us more among sequences. The last problem, according to our

constructive and useful patterns. Due to the huge enhance in experiments, is that each processor gets almost the whole

data volume and also fairly large search space, efficient database. A method of static load-balancing, called selective

solutions for finding patterns in multidimensional sequence sampling is presented in parallel mining. The selective

data are currently very important. For this reason, developing sampling process estimates the running time in each PBEC

a frequent sequence mining algorithm is necessary. Parallel by removing some items from the database.

algorithm follows the step by step approach and all In this paper we have Static Load Balancing of

participating processors or workers generate candidate Parallel Mining Efficient Algorithm methods. Section 1 of

sequence and count their estimate time and supports Introduction Section 2 this paper deals with related work

independently. and Section 3 Proposed System 4 Algorithms 5 Results and

Discussion Section 6 Conclusion and future work of the

Key Words: Data mining, frequent sequence mining,

paper.

parallel algorithms, static load balancing, probabilistic

algorithms.

2. RELATED WORK

1. INTRODUCTION

In the Static load balancing important things are view

Repeated pattern removal is an important data mining of load, assessment of load, constancy of different system,

technique with a wide variety of mined patterns. The mined performance of system, interaction between the records ,

frequent patterns can be sets of items (item sets), sequences, natural world of work to be transferred, selecting of data

graphs, trees, etc. Frequent sequence mining was first sets and many other ones to consider while developing such

described in. The GSP algorithm presented in is the first to algorithm

solve the problem of frequent sequence mining. As the In this paper,[1] Sequential Pattern Mining from

repeated series removal is an extension of item set mining, Multidimensional Sequence Data in Parallel finding patterns

the GSP algorithm is an extension of the Apriori algorithm. in multidimensional sequence data are nowadays very

As a consequence of the slowness and memory consumption important present a multidimensional sequence model and a

of algorithms described in other algorithms were proposed. parallel algorithm follows the level-wise approach and all

These two algorithms use the so-called prefix-based participating processors or workers generate candidate

equivalence classes (PBECs in short), i.e., represent the sequence and count their supports independently.

pattern as a string and partition the set of all patterns into

disjoint sets using prefixes. There are two kinds of parallel In this paper, [2]Prefix Span Mining Sequential

computers: shared memory technology and distributed Patterns by Prefix Projected Pattern which discovers

memory technology. Parallelizing on the shared memory frequent sub sequences as patterns in a sequence database,

technology is easier than parallelizing on distributed is an important data mining problem with broad

memory technology. Sampling technique that statically load- applications, including the analysis of customer purchase

balance the computation of parallel frequent item set mining patterns or Web access patterns, the analysis of sequencing

process, are proposed in these three papers, the so-called or time related processes such as scientific experiments,

double sampling process and its three variants were natural disasters, and disease treatments, the analysis of

proposed. DNA sequences etc.

In the paper,[3] Parallel Sequence Mining on Shared-

Memory Machines a parallel al-gorithm for fast discovery of

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Each class can be solved in main memory using efficient Calaluate

Final Output with pattern

Execution

and minimum Support

Time

Data Set Splits

ta base and Get to

Frequent item set

requiring no synchronization

In this paper, [4] Sequential mining patterns and

user

Frequents Sequences

translation

Exection TIme

Get the Pattern

and sequences Maximum Memory get for

count using prefix Data set

span Algorithms

Display

Result

of time The most used measures used to evaluate sequential

patterns are the support and confidence.

user

Processors in Parallel Mining of Frequent Item sets. This Fig 1. Proposed System Architecture

market basket data consists of transactions made by each

customer. Each transaction contains items bought by the Static load balancing of the computation begins with

customer. The goal is to see if the occurrence of certain items partitioning the set of all frequent sequences into disjoint

in a transaction can be used to deduce occurrence of other tasks. Because the PBECs are disjoint, they perfectly fit the

items or in other words, to find associative relationships needs of the algorithm. the total processing time of the

between items sequential Prefix span algorithm. The processing time of

In this paper,[6] Probabilistic static load-balancing of each PBEC should be evaluated. The algorithm begins

parallel Mining of repeated series in this project we present splitting the set of all frequent sequences into smaller pieces

a novel parallel algorithm for removal of repeated series recursively using PBECs. The relative size of a PBEC is the

based on a static load-balancing. The static load balancing is estimate of the fraction of the total processing time of a

done by measuring the computational time they are slow PBEC.

and needs much more memory, compared to DFS algorithms.

3.1 Module Description

In this paper,[7] Parallel Mining of Closed Sequential

Patterns to make sequential pat- tern mining practical for 1. Estimation of Support Module

large data sets, the mining process must be efficient, scalable,

and have a short response time. Moreover, since sequential In this module, we can estimate whether a support

pattern mining requires iterative scans of the sequence of sequence is a subsequence of a transaction in a database

dataset with various data relationship and analysis or not.

operations, it is computationally intensive.

2. Estimation of Relative Size of PBEC Module

3. PROPOSED SYSTEM The relative size of a PBEC can be used as the estimate of

the relative processing time of the PBEC by a sequential

Proposed method is a novel parallel method that algorithm. This estimate ignores some details of the

statically load balance the computation. The set of all sequential algorithm. The relative size of PBEC might be

frequent sequences is first split into PBECs, the relative controllable size and smaller data set.

execution time of each PBEC is estimated and finally the

PBECs algorithm is assigned to processors. The method 3.2 Prefix span Algorithm: Step wise considerations

estimates the processing time of one PBEC by the sequential

Prefix span algorithm using sampling data sets. It is 1) Create initial collection of frequent extensions: The

important to be aware that the running time of the parallel algorithm starts adding items into a set of extensions S.

sequential algorithm scales with points Adding items into S is not straightforward because the

1) the database size 2) the number of frequent collection of items requires

sequences 3) the number of embeddings of a frequent

sequence in database transactions. 2) Construction of the initial pseudo projected database:

Create the initial pseudo projected transaction for e for each

transaction. The projection adds new event containing single

item e into S.

2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1077

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 04 Issue: 06 | June -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

various PBECs. The relative processing time is then used for

Store the positions of data set into a new pseudo partitioning and scheduling of the PBECs an algorithm for

projected transaction that is stored in new pseudo database. mining of frequent sequences using static load-balancing.

The method creates a sample of frequent sequences the

4) The projection using an event extension: relative processing time is then used for partitioning and

scheduling of the PBECs. The problem is that the estimated

Search for the item e until the end of the event is found. size of a PBEC is dependent on the construction of the PBEC

(which should not happen). This dependency could be

4 Algorithms: probably removed by using, for example, the bootstrap

method.

Algorithm 1. Prefix span Sequential In future we have to implement the parallel

algorithm to reduce the complexity of computational time

PREFIXSPAN SEQUENTIAL (Database D, Integer min and implement the result of frequent sequence mining using

supp) static load balancing. Additionally, we have to reduce the

1. all frequent extensions from D slowness and memory consumption of a process.

2. for for all e do

3. Q <(e)>

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

4. create projection D|q

5. PREFIXSPAN-MAINLOOP(D,Q,D|Q,min supp)

It is my privilege to acknowledge with deep sense of

6. end for

gratitude to my guide Prof. Parth Sagar for her kind

cooperation, valuable suggestions and capable guidance and

timely help given to me in completion of my paper. I express

5 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

my gratitude to Prof. Vina M. Lomte, Head of Department,

RMDSSOE (Computer Dept.) for her constant

For the proposed system performance evaluation, we

encouragement, suggestions, help and cooperation.

calculate frequency. We implement the scheme on Java

framework with Intel Core i3 processor and 2 GB RAM. Here

the graph in Fig-2 demonstrates the system performance. REFERENCES

prex tree for sequence pattern mining, in Proc. 1st ACIS Int.

Symp. Cryptography Netw. Security, Data Mining Knowl.

Discovery, E-Commerce Appl. Embedded Syst., 2010, pp. 611

itemset mining algorithms, in Proc. 19th IASTED Int. Conf.

Parallel Distrib. Comput. Syst., 2007, pp. 97103.

sequential patterns in parallel: Hash based approach, in Proc.

2nd Pacic-Asia Conf., Res. Develop. Knowl. Discovery Data

Fig.2 No of item sets Mining, 1998, pp. 283294.

The PBECs are created, scheduled, and executed on the [4] R. Srikant and R. Agrawal, Mining sequential patterns

processors. Because the PBECs are scheduled once, we talk Generaliza- tions and performance improvements,in Proc.

about static load balance of the computation. The sequential 5th Int. Conf. Extending Database Technol.: Adv. Database

algorithm runs for too long there is a need for parallel Technol., 1996, pp. 117.

algorithms. There is a very natural opportunity to parallelize

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IASTED Int. Conf. Parallel Distrib. Comput. Syst., 2006, pp.

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the relative processing time of the algorithm in the PBECs projection algorithm for sequence mining,in Proc. 7th Int.

with evolutionary optimization technique The estimate of Euro-Par Conf. Euro-Par Parallel Process., 2001, pp. 310320.

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2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1078

International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET) e-ISSN: 2395 -0056

Volume: 04 Issue: 06 | June -2017 www.irjet.net p-ISSN: 2395-0072

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2017, IRJET | Impact Factor value: 5.181 | ISO 9001:2008 Certified Journal | Page 1079

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