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Kali is a very versatile and old system of fighting that

includes empty hand as well as weapon training

methods. It is a devastating Art unto itself, but when
you add the Kyusho you become even more efficient,
effective and advanced in disabling an opponent. Kali
has always taught what is called "Gunting" for strikes
to weaker aspects of the arms, in volume #1 the
Kyusho added even greater potential and a
perfect starting point for the Kyusho or
Kali practitioner. Many arm
destruction methods were
demonstrated as well as
Kyusho Knockouts using only
the nerves of the arm. This
second volume expands
on these powerful Kyusho
targets by working from
the arm traps of volume
#1 and demonstrating
additional and even
more powerful head
targets for
incapacitation of the
opponent. This video
compilation will bring you
far more advanced skills,
even if you do not practice
Kali... the two methods were
meant for each other. Several
KO's are demonstrated so you can
see the efficiency and affect Kyusho
brings to Kali.


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t's not the first time I see myself in this quandary, up this material world and other parallel worlds.

and probably it won't be the last one either. It's a The laws governing these worlds are what the ancient
bit strange trying to explain in a simple way what I Shizen shamans studied in the e-bunto, "the great force
am talking about when I say spirituality, especially common to all." It is true that such knowledge is so vast
when I want to distinguish it from religion or mysti- and so special that it has nothing in common with the
cism. Spirituality, as I conceive it, is the knowledge kind of knowledge you acquire when you follow a corres-
and positive interaction with the invisible. Therefore, the pondence course or attend University classes. Most of
first point I must face when I give a talk on the subject, is them are so complex and specific, that cannot be explai-
to place people in front of the invisible, with eyes to see ned outside a system of relevant values (its own culture)
the invisible. and consequently through an initiation, something, like
A Herculean task, since the concept of life is modulated Shiniyuki Sensei said, "to be admired by many, practiced
by the mystery of perception and this is the basis of our by few and understood by even less"...
entire subjective Universe. But those experiences have opened my perception to
Nobody, basing exclusively on reasoning, will be capa- a completely different view of the Universe and not
ble of changing the whole system of "subordination" of simply to an opinion or a subjective assessment, but
the world that has been established by pertinacious and also to the possibility of interacting with those powers,
forceful contumacy, in the consensus of the group, day energies and tensions in an effective, empirical and pal-
after day from childhood and much less someone from pable way.
outside, with a simple chatting. So, I am aware that the What does it mean? Well, one thing is what you might
only thing I can try is to make a breach in the impenetra- think, or the way you'd like to build your personal
ble and consolidated concept of perception; the rest of Universe, and quite another is to explicitly corroborate
the process will be, at best, like a fairy tale told to a child, actions beyond the normality or the consensual agree-
and at worst, like trying to explain color to a blind man. ment reached by the collective reason.
Not that I am intending to change or impose my outlo- The achievement of the Miryoku was that of exploring
ok above other viewpoints, however, when I am asked to the unknown with no value judgments, not even questio-
talk about something, I understand that the other party ning the existence of the impossible, but doing it from
wants or needs to hear what I have to say, and given that empiricism.
we speak "different languages", I only can establish a Such empiricism of the Miryoku arose from the need
bridge by questioning the mean of communication itself. and became strong through their incomparable
We spend tons of energy trying to keep up the castle of tenacity; in the harsh Hokkaido winters, at 40
our personal universes; really the only thing capable of C below zero, you cannot go wrong twice...
breaking those thick walls is a spiritual initiation on a path when villages were stalked by forces vastly
strewn with empiricism, a pair of hard bollocks to keep superior in number, their oracles couldn't
going when everything's falling down, and an extraordi- afford to be approximate or malleable.
nary craving for knowledge. If Universe itself has an Order, as
For all this, the topic of perception is not however everything that man has scrutinized
paltry, because when we studied it in greater detail, we seems to show, such order should be
understand how unreliable and limited our conception of understood. Ring any bells? It's
the world is. Admitting this particular is easier to take my something that science as a method
questioners to the real paradigm of Matrix, a universe of has been pursuing for a few centu-
energies and tensions which the ancient Shizen priests, ries. Not satisfied with understand
the Miryoku, so aptly described. the Order, ancient Miryokus tried to
When we realize that the "skin" of matter is only a con- establish an interaction with it and so
cept created by our mind, it's easier to understand that they discovered that impossible is only
everything is a flowing of associative vibrations, vibratio- a state of mind.
nal frequencies and energies amalgamated by laws of Spirituality is not mysticism, although
affinity and repulsion. Matter is just a denser vibratory there may be spiritual paths which are also
rate, which has at least two points to generate a fre- mystical; spirituality is not religion, although
quency and what we see or perceive through the senses for some people the latter is a necessity quite
is therefore only a part of the range of energies that make respectable.
One thing is what
you might think,
or the way you'd
like to build your
Universe, and
quite another is
to explicitly
actions beyond the
normality or the
agreement reached
by the collective
Great Masters

Ral Gutirrez, "Warrior's Soul"

I have known Master Ral Gutirrez for

many years. He has always seemed to me a
very gifted person for the Martial Arts, a
person, so to speak, born with the intrinsic
skills of a warrior, but what is even more
remarkable is that he was also born with the
spirit, with the soul of a warrior.
Years, for all that, have only come to confirm
what we already knew. Of course, everything was
there, but the way it would develop and grow is
always a mystery, because it belongs to the
sphere of the own free will, the will that opens (or
closes) a door instead of another, and each one
leads us to a new stay, with a new outlook, new
scenarios, with different stars and actors. But my
friend's maturity arrived in top conditions and today he
is a wiser, more serene and compassionate man. He's a
better person and, as a natural consequence, a better
Master. It's always a good time to bring him to our
cover because he's a living legend in Kenpo's history;
admired, followed by hundreds of people around the
world, the life of this universal Chilean, has touched
that of many, many people and many more still await
him on their crossroads, because if his work so far has
been great, it's in this stage where he shines with a
stronger force, illuminating the ways and lives of many.

Alfredo Tucci
Great Masters

We must always understand the value of time. Time can

be properly exploited or it can be lost in the most stupid
way. It is our decision, but remember that every second,
every minute of our existence, is a miracle that doesn't
repeat itself.

My Personal History
My beginnings in the world of Martial Arts were
motivated by a simple "inner call" in a time when there
wasn't too much information on the subject. Rather little of
everything. TV was in black and white, we still used
"crystal radios" and the first radio receivers were
revolutionizing the market. There were few books about
Great Masters and Martial Arts, all of which presented
"erroneous" ideas because of the lack of knowledge and
sufficient information to contrast them. Of course, the
Internet had not yet appeared, and logically, neither
existed CD, DVD, video, movies, specialized magazines,
or television.
Not even I myself could explain the reason why one fine
day I made up my mind to practice Martial Arts. Perhaps it
was the fact of living in a world of constant personal
clashes among human beings, misery, needs, uncertainty
in what could be our future; wars, tough and extremist
politics, American war movies. Now it's irrelevant. It
doesn't matter. The important thing is that, living with a
father who was a "carabinero", a cop, since he was a
child, I coexisted in a permanent climate of challenges and
confrontations that ranked from mild to severe and even
fatal, seeing people fighting, mainly men against men,
women against women, or women against men; they often
faced in an all-out war as if it they were wild animal
I saw many fights since my earliest childhood. Stupid
fights for stupid reasons, or stupid reasons so that each
one could let emerge his or her "stupid extreme evil". I
witnessed the death of people around me in various
circumstances, which I ended up considering as
something completely natural. Sometimes when most
adults were mourning the death of a loved one, my mother
asked me why I didn't cry. And my answer then was also
very logical and natural. "And why should I cry? I don't feel
it inside, I cannot do it, besides, he (or she) has already
died and there's nothing we can do about it. We're all
going to die one day." My mother then threw up her hands
and said: "This child has a heart of stone!"

Not even I myself could explain

the reason why one fine day
I made up my mind to practice
Martial Arts.
Great Masters

Perhaps the impact I suffered to see the death of had it taken to bring it to that point or place?
some people had made that my attitude was that. These simple arguments make us or should
And now I'm glad that it was so. I saw a few make us think that what is truly important in life
people die at an early age in my childhood. Some is to protect, take care for and admire all things
in traffic accidents, or fires, suicides on the railroad in the divine or human creation. Thank God and
track, knife fights or firearm encounters, etc. my folks, since childhood I lived in humble
Anyway, living in that environment was homes but surrounded by beautiful nature and
"probably" the reason for which I decided to animals.
prepare myself for what I assumed it would come It was my father who, with his infinite patience
at me. I found out that a close friend was and dedication, built with his own hands the
practicing Karate, another one was learning houses where we lived, he planted trees, fruits,
Judo, some were doing Boxing and the majority vegetables and raised different animals. Then I
of those who were truly dangerous, without was an only child and my everyday companions
having any type of special preparation on the were dogs, cats, pigs, chicken, rabbits, ducks,
subject, "really were the tough guys of the etc. What better way to live and grow? Even if
street." They always knew how to really hurt out on the street existed so much evilness and
people at the moment of truth with no legal constant risks.
concerns and its possible consequences. They I began to get gradually immersed in the
had always lived in misery in a hostile world that martial world, but despite everything that I was
had so little to offer to both, the youngsters and living in the Dojo looked "real good", I didn't
those not so young. Therefore, at an early age know if it would actually work in the street,
they had begun to commit crimes to survive, and simply because it was not applicable or no one
thus they gradually became accustomed to look had yet applied it. Because nothing of that would
for the quick and easy way to get whatever they work normally. With my street experience,
might need in the moment they so decided to. gained since my childhood in constant
I always say in my lectures that it is much willy-nilly clashes (because I never
easier to destroy than to build. Breaking an was aggressive or violent, rather I
object with a good blow is simple, you just have was shy, quiet and always
to do it and within seconds is destroyed. But trying to be a good boy),
how much time, effort, sacrifice, money and skill whenever my "Teacher"

I began to get gradually

immersed in the martial
world, but despite
everything that I was living
in the Dojo looked
"real good", I didn't know if
it would actually work in the
street, simply because it
was not applicable or no one
had yet applied it.

I always say in my
lectures that it is much
easier to destroy than
to build. Breaking an
object with a good blow
is simple, you just have
to do it and within
seconds is destroyed.
But how much time,
effort, sacrifice,
money and skill had it
taken to bring it to that
point or place?
Nobody is perfect.
Everything comes
at just the right
time and
therefore we
must be
tolerant and
Great Masters

in the gym took me out to fight, not with him but with
the beasts that he believed he had, blood wood run,
there would be loss of teeth, broken ribs, knees or
other several injuries. Those were "other times";
Martial Arts were then regarded as something
special, and Karate, Tae-kwon-do, or Kung-fu
practitioners were respected. Also training was
very hard on its physical and technical aspects.
As it can be easily imagined, there were no
sports combat rules, nor equipment and
protections like those of today. At that
time, fights were to knockout or K.O.;
without weight or degree
A few years later, I decided a
change the scenery because
after my first steps in Boxing,
Judo, Shotokan Karate and
Kenpo-Karate, I began to
travel, to investigate and to
discover certain realities that
had been hidden to me so
far. Thereafter the personal
history began to be written.
In Europe, and settled in
Madrid from August 30, 1976, I
set on a series of trips and
initial contacts with some
great masters and contact
sports specialists. In this way I
had great opportunities to
meet, train with and share Do not let
with characters like Bernard
Billicky, Dominique Valera people take you
and Bill Wallace; Benny
Urquidez, Tadashi into their
Yamashita, Johan Vos, Jan
Plas, Pepe Legr, Jon storm.
Fanning, Robert Trias,
Thomas Mitose, Mazayuki It's better that
Kukan Isataka , Masafumi
Suzuki, Ed Parker, Tatsuo you attract
Suzuki, Yosuke
Yamashita, etc. them to your
I have greatly benefited from the
precious teachings, histories,
knowledge and philosophy of life of all of
them. In fact there was a time in my
personal history that forced by various
circumstances, fate and because in reality and
despite all these steps and contacts, I had
become a self-taught. When in my home country I
stood out for my enthusiasm, dedication,
creativity and originality, and at the request of
students and instructors of the academy, the
teacher assigned a few classes to me, in which I
came to have more than 40 students per session.
And so I remained for a couple of years until I
made the leap to Europe, a decision that I will
never regret.
In Europe, I was surprised that
there were no Kenpo Masters,
however, there were many other
masters who were very good in their
respective disciplines. I never had
objections to train with any of
them. This always marked in me
an enormous respect, regardless
of whether they were Chinese,
Korean, Japanese, Filipino or
Americans. And precisely this
attitude and way of life, was
what led me at some point
in my life to creating in
Spain the first association
open to all styles of
Martial Arts. And this was
the historical and controversial "Spanish
Association of Karate and Martial Arts" SUSKA, in
honor, respect and admiration for the late Grand
Master of Shuri-Ryu Karate, Robert A. Trias,
president of the "United States Karate
Association" USKA. Trias was the first who
opened wide the doors for me, the first who
believed in me. He taught me many things, he
was "a Master and a Friend". I greatly regretted
his early death from bone cancer, RIP.

For many years I have been angry, rebellious or
intransigent with some people who in the past I
considered "they had hurt me", at least some had
tried. Gradually I have come to understand that it is
not necessary to hold a grudge or speak ill of
"Talk about my life when yours is an example,
and when you think that is an example, then you
will realize that it's no longer necessary to
speak about anybody's life." I understood that
many times, because of our own mistakes or
lack of understanding, we do not realize
that the attitude or behavior of some

is due precisely to the fact that

sometimes we want, wish or expect
an answer or a result from someone
in particular, and that someone either
doesn't see it the same way, is busy
with other things or he simply
doesn't consider it so.
In other words, nobody is perfect.
Everything comes at just the right time
and therefore we must be patient,
tolerant and humble, while it is true
that there are envious, negative,
harmful, obsessed people that live
permanently with evilness. "Do not let
people take you into their storm. It's
better that you attract them to your
Along the way we will find paths of
glory, success and satisfaction. But
there will be certain portions full of
thorns, pitfalls and pain. Do not be
alarmed, when problems appear they
must be solved as soon as possible
with a positive attitude and
determination. We must never fall into
the pain and sadness that can lead us
to depression and thus to an even
worse failure, nor play the victim and
go around telling everyone our
sorrows. Remember that such
behavior bores people, takes them
away from us and eventually they
even refuse to greet us. People don't
want losers or weepers by their side
for too long. However, if you are a
winner, you become a "magnet", all or
many will want to be near you. And
they come for their own will.

Busy minds, clean hearts

and satisfied souls never
get into other
people's lives.
Great Masters

"Busy minds, clean hearts and satisfied physically and emotionally strong. They have
souls never intrude on nobody's privacy". To always been by my side in good times and
take distance and stay away from bad moments. Also they have allowed me to
complicated or difficult people, greatly travel around the world and get to know so
improves health. Today I choose to forgive many wonderful places of the Earth and meet
those who have hurt me in the past. I know excellent people, winning friends and achieve
that at the time, many of them have given me friendship and admiration. They've also
love, support and understanding. But like served me to help, initiate, guide and share
everything in life, it must follow its own with others the experience and knowledge
course. Many of us who once were friends acquired, always with the best disposition and
and colleagues for those things of fate, there feeling useful, since over the years, I keep
came the moment in which our paths finding so many people from the different
separated, moved away and perhaps they will corners of the world, who show me affection,
never meet again. The important thing is to admiration and appreciation for all what they
always remember all the best we have shared feel I did for them at some stage of their lives.
in the past. And if over the years we meet This comforts my spirit, relaxes my mind and
again, may it be with those best memories, a makes me feel good.
smile, a "what a joy to see you again!", a I usually say that Martial Arts shouldn't be
handshake and a warm hug. practiced only during training hours, whether
on the mat, the training hall, at the open air or
WHAT HAVE MARTIAL ARTS indoors, but for all day long, from the moment
GIVEN TO ME we get up in the morning. We practiced our
arts from the very moment we open our eyes,
Throughout my life, a perfect balance in giving thanks for reawakening, for the good
mental, physical and spiritual health. A very things we have, for our children, our family,
powerful reason to wake up every morning our friends... We must do so with a cheerful
giving thanks for a new day and the and positive attitude, singing if possible when
opportunity to improve in every aspect, to getting into the shower. Look with love our
know that I still live, that I can see a new loved ones and start our activities with the
dawn, embrace the sun, breathe the air that profound willingness to be the best at
gives me life or caress the rain; look at the everything. Without running over anyone, but
mountain and admire its majesty; feel that I trying to be a good husband, father, friend and
can run, train, see grow trees and flowers; neighbor, and the best in our workplace, at
contemplate the immensity of the sea and school or wherever we have to spend the day,
submerge pleasantly in its comforting waters; always helping those who need us and need.
answer the phone when a friend calls me; This is practicing Martial Arts 24 hours a day.
listen to music, sing and dance if I feel like. It's not kicking or punching a fellow, a sand
That is, so many simple, easy and free things bag or an enemy. It's giving love, example and
that our wonderful world offers us. respect for society in general.
Martial Arts have allowed me to sculpt my Not being able to curb our fears,
body, mind and spirit. They have made me resentments, hatred or dissatisfaction and act
humble, noble and simple, as well as with verbal or physical violence against

I usually say that Martial Arts shouldn't be

practiced only during training hours,
whether on the mat, the training hall,
at the open air or indoors.
Great Masters

It is important to say that

I achieve every day more
and more enthusiasm to
continue the warrior's way.
Always fighting and
overcoming my own fears or

someone, means we have failed as martial never its end. When we dedicate time and
artists. Because being a good martial artist strive to achieve the highest level in any
is acting well at all times, without offending particular aspect of the art or life, there are
or disturbing anyone. And if we lose control other points in which we get weaker or lose
somehow, we must immediately apologize skill. That is why we must always be
and reconcile ourselves with our fellow prudent and noble. Reaching is difficult,
human beings. You'll be more respected if falling is easy.
you are a noble, cautious and good person, Finally, Martial Arts have always been a
rather than being violent, aggressive or very important part of my life. They have
offensive and causing physical or moral allowed me to meeting many beautiful
harm to others. people, traveling, enjoying, sharing and
The term Kung-Fu means being able to always learning, and although I have gone
do things right. Having Kung-Fu is being through hard stages sometimes, in the end
good at what you do, and so, you can have reward and recognition have always come.
a great Kung-Fu as a parent, as a son, as a Today, I can say that they have mainly been
friend or as a professional. part of my best moments, being
Dont you ever let vanity wins you. The companions of traveling and satisfaction. It
more years of training and grades you have is important to say that I achieve every day
acquired, the nobler, humble and patient more and more enthusiasm to continue the
you should be. Don't you ever believe that warrior's way. Always fighting and
you know everything, or that you are better overcoming my own fears or doubts.
than other people. Or that your style is the Thanks to you all who have been part of my
best. Every day is a struggle against our way, my respect and best memories for
own ego, a constant fight against our own those who are gone and I hope to give the
demons and flaws. Every day is a steady best of myself to those who still are, and
search for our inner peace. It is said that others that are to come.
practicing Martial Arts is like watching the "Yours in friendship and the world Martial
wide sea. You can see its beginning but Arts."

Not being able to curb our

fears, resentments,
hatred or dissatisfaction and
act with verbal or physical
violence against someone,
means we have failed
as martial artists.

Being a good martial artist is

acting well at all times,
without offending or
disturbing anyone.
Pressure Points
Combat Hapkido

The Science of Self Defense in 60 minutes

By Master Mark S. Gridley

The title of this article is a challenge

exercise for any self-defense instructor or
practitioner to help focus on what they feel
matters most. The following outline and
topics are not absolute and represent my
opinion based on over 25 years of
experience. I encourage you to create your
own lesson plan and test it by putting it into
action. It should be obvious that learning
and developing proficiency in self-defense
cannot be accomplished in just 60 minutes.
Many readers have dedicated decades of
study, practice and experience to this area
and I do not mean to dilute the absolute
necessity for practice, dedication, and
lifelong study.
Pressure Points
Combat Hapkido

However, what if you only had a few minutes to teach someone

with limited to no experience how to defend themselves or protect
their loved ones? What would you share with them? What do you
think would be crucial and effective? My hope is that these questions will
stimulate your thoughts and creativity. It was a question I heard during
a seminar while teaching a double impact seminar with GM Pellegrini,
our founder of Combat Hapkido. I thought it was brilliant of the
student to inquire What if you only had 10 minutes to teach
someone self-defense? The answer I thought of was the
warriors mindset and a very limited number of targets
(tactical pressure points) to create injury that would stop
the attack and provide the opportunity to escape. Yet,
that question wasnt completely answered in my
mind and left me thinking for several days on what
is a better response. I took some creative license
with the question and decided we needed at least
an hour. Of course your lesson will be suited to
your student not the other way round. It is
important to know who you are training and start
with scenarios they are concerned about first
before forcing your agenda, even if you do know
best. This will help develop trust and lessen
anxiety for them to follow your instruction and
feel empowered.
Lesson one in the first ten minutes (0:10-
0:20): Situational awareness and the warriors
mind. Dedicated readers of Budo may have
already read an entire article I have previously
authored on this subject so I apologize for
the brevity; however, the clock is ticking! So
many critical incidents are the result of bad
decisions or being oblivious to the world
around us. Being present and
understanding the physical, moral, and
legal impact of being unaware can go a very
long way in self-defense. If you are anxious or
unsure of your environment or surroundings, simply
Pressure Points
Combat Hapkido

leave or decide on taking a safer route necessary to protect those you love very effective and quick to learn. I am
even if longer and more expensive. and yourself. It is a promise you must guessing that many of you would go
Few things are more costly than a uphold to yourself and to others. Our for the eyes or groin? I agree these are
violent encounter. In the United goal is not to kill, our goals are to stop solid targetsif you can access them
States, fire alarms and drills are the attack by any means, while and they are poorly defended. So my
required in almost every area we work, protecting and running home safely to next choice would be to show the
lear n, and play. However, it is those we care about. We will not student how to attack the anterior
interesting to note that a person is permit any obstacle or person(s) to ethmoidal nerve located on the nasal
three times more likely to have a prevent us from coming home. suture of the nose. This is generally
violent encounter than to have to Lesson two in the second ten less well defended than the eyes and
escape from a fire. Acknowledging minutes (0:20-0:30): Targets for will cause blurry vision, pain, and
violence can happen is a key to self- creating injury and escape. Once release the head and neck. Again,
defense awareness. Be aware, plan again, in previous Budo articles I have time is limited so I have provided both
ahead and implement your plan. shared the rationales on why we use a high line and low line target and will
The Warriors mind is making the tactical pressure points in self-defense. drill them to proficiency versus
decision prior to any altercation However, in its simplest form we are providing a dozen options that will lead
of what you are willing as well creating injury or the sensation of to indecision or confusion.
as what you are not willing to injury. Keep in mind that your student Lesson three in the third ten minutes
do in a given situation. It is only has ten minutes to learn this (0:30-0:40): Protective postures. Often
giving yourself permission segment and must be willing to create the importance of our posture,
to doing what is injury. There are a plethora of perfectly position, or stance is much underrated
valid targets an instructor can and thus undertrained. In Combat
choose with good result. My Hapkido, we maintain a shield position
favorite personal self-defense which provides us balance, mobility,
target is Spleen 6 located protection of vital areas, and can be
just above the ankle on the used offensively. We begin with open
inside of the leg. A solid hands extended out greater than 90
stomp to this point will degrees and elbows close to our sides.
neutralize the attackers This protects our head and torso while
mobility while causing allow for quick strikes. We use a
excruciating pain slightly bladed profile to minimize
allowing a quick escape. exposure of our body with our knees
There are a number of slightly bent to allow for both quick
reasons to why I use this mobility and stability. Variations of the
target, though the strongest posture can be done from standing,
rationales are that it is difficult sitting, and lying positions. Our main
to defend against, easy to access, goal is to create injury in order to stop
Pressure Points

the attack while not getting injured during the encounter by can be exploited with gross motor movements as our short
utilizing a strong positon. Notice that situational awareness, time permits.
mental commitment and creating injury come before Lesson five in the fifth and last ten minutes (0:50-1:00):
protective postures. This is purposeful as a strong offense is Post conflict management. Time is going fast and we only
often the quickest defense. It also gets the student into have a few minutes left. Here we will focus on how to move
rapidly executing their plan versus focusing on a stationary tactically away from the injured assailant keeping the
position. All these are helpful tactics in supporting their subject in sight and only turning your back once you are at a
escape and should be built on in a cumulative manner. safe distance to run. Once we have defined safe for the
Lesson four in the fourth ten minutes (0:40-0:50): Basic student or those they are protecting we are ready to enter
strikes. As you turn the pages you will probably find any our post conflict state. We will focus a few moments on
number of articles by some very well respected martial tactical breathing to help calm the primal mind from the
artists on the important technical aspects of strikes in adrenalized state to enable the student to think clearly.
addition to a number of useful tools for the serious Next, we must teach to assess if anyone other than the bad
practitioner. In this lesson, we find ourselves limited by the guy is injured and needs immediate medical attention,
constraints of time and thus will focus on no more than two
types of strikes, perhaps three at most if the student is a
quick study. Equipment such as striking pads will be
beneficial or something of the sort that can be struck full
power without the risk of injury to the trainee or the trainer.
The first strike would be a low line front kick with a
downward stomp to finish in order to maintain balance and
forward pressure. We will drill this hard, fast, balanced, and
most importantly with correct range of movement to fully
penetrate a target. Next up would be the hammerfist in a
rapid cycling movement with a focus on biomechanical
correctness and targeting. Lastly, we would work palm
strikes from multiple angles aimed at some vital targets that
Combat Hapkido
Combat Hapkido

explaining to the student that they may not have well. A quick tip sheet or overview of the lesson and a
even noticed receiving an injury during the struggle. business card with your information can convert this 60
Now the choice to report to authorities what has minute student into a multi-year practitioner. In
happened by starting with the fact that they were Combat Hapkido, we focus on instructing students on
afraid for their life and only wanted the attack to three main objectives. That is, keeping them out of the
stop. I would advise contacting an attorney to help morgue, out of the hospital, and from being on the
navigate anything further while legalities are wrong side of the legal system. Our definition of victory
being sorted out. Lastly, I would in self-defense is returning home safely with and to
recommended talking through an after family and friends. In the end, at the very least if we
action report with a knowledgeable have done our job well, there will be one more person
instructor with an emphasis on better prepared to stay safe in this world.
what went right and a just a few So there you have it, the science of self-defense in
observations on what could 60 minutes; or hopefully it will serve as functional
have been done better. If introduction to a lifelong pursuit of study. My goal is
time permits, perhaps even that you have enjoyed this article not just as an
do a safe reenactment of instructional column but more so as a way of
a past scenario with the stimulating your thoughts on how it can be done better.
finish being an Many of the ten minute segments have been or can be
e m p o w e r i n g entire articles or even books in and of themselves so
outcome. please keep an open mind as you critique and create.
As you conclude Of course, this article cannot capture this subject in
the lesson, make its entirety and you are encouraged to delve deeper to
sure you offer more fully understand these important areas of self-
yourself or other defense. In future articles we will continue to expand on
resources that the Science of Self Defense through the teachings of
a r e Combat Hapkido. Of course, you dont have to wait; all
available of this information is available through the Combat
to the Hapkido Books, Online University, and DVD
student instructional series, which you can order directly from
as you Defensive Services International at and
bid them Budo International at
farewell Please train safe, live with honor, and be well.
and wish For certification information, seminars, or questions,
t h e m please contact:

A few days ago, thanks to the curious world

of the Internet, I read an interesting article on
the blog of a known Wing Chun sifu. He spoke
about the verbal incontinence of many
practitioners who, on observing the work of a
different branch or school from theirs, they
unabashedly said That's not Wing Chun! Or
even the alr eady traditional: That's not
authentic Wing Chun!
Sometimes these discussions are caused by
the lack of perspective and knowledge of the
REAL history of the system. If you read
carefully you will see that there never was a
real Wing Tsun. Or at least, no one can be the
possessor of such responsibility.

Styles within a style

The Art of the Thousand Faces
Sifu Salvador Snchez

Yip Man was an

atypical case in the
tradition of Wing
Tsun. He had two
masters: Chan Wa
and Leung Bik-Sum.
This fact, which in
principle doesn't
seem relevant,
absolutely changed
Grandmaster Yip
Man's way of
practicing and
understanding Wing
Tsun, and the
evolution of the
system itself.

Styles within a style

The Art of the Thousand Faces

n a system like ours, in which the
learning method has undergone major
changes in recent years, coupled with
the fact that the very nature of this
system places special emphasis on
personal feelings, it's not uncommon
to observe the existence of different forms
of "DOING", different styles within the
This is undoubtedly one of the most
important features of Wing Tsun. On the one
hand, practitioners less developed, with a
lower technical criterion, dare to say:
"That's not Wing Tsun". I imagine that all
this, reader of this article, regardless of the
style you practice, will sound familiar to
you... Obviously we are raising this question
in order to try to clarify the issue and,
incidentally, attempt to unite rather than
To be able to assess whether or not it's
Wing Chun, we must look back and review
the history of the discipline itself. For this I
would like to refer to the Master Teacher of
our style: Yip Man
Even he was faced with similar situations
in the time in which he lived. Finally, one
Sifu Salvador Snchez

To be able to assess whether

or not it's Wing Chun, we must
look back and review the
history of the discipline itself.
For this I would like to refer
to the Master Teacher of
our style: Yip Man.

Styles within a style

The Art of the Thousand Faces
realizes that history is cyclical... and that the facts related to
humans are repeated over and over again.
Yip Man was an atypical case in the tradition of Wing Tsun.
He had two masters: Chan Wa and Leung Bik-Sum. This fact,
which in principle doesn't seem relevant, absolutely changed
Grandmaster Yip Man's way of practicing and
understanding Wing Tsun, and the evolution of the system
itself. They say that when Yip Man met Grandmaster Leung
Bik in an almost incidental way, he couldn't recognize him
as a practitioner of his own system. Yes, it is surprising.
Asked about the style he practiced, Yip Man who claimed to
practice WingTsun, was surprised by the aesthetics of the
practice of Master Leung Bik. Things were quite different.
The question I dare launch today is: How is it
possible such a different style between
two students of the same master?
Lets study a little history of the
The famous Wing Chun
teacher Dr. Leung Jan, of
Foshan, wrote three books on
the style. These books were
manuscript and never
published. Although this is
not proven, it is accepted
by common agreement in
the history of this system,

that Dr. Leung Jan marks a before and an after in

relation to the fame he had in Wing Tsun so far. It's
therefore a very important reference to try to clearly
explain today's topic.
Among Dr. Leung Jan's students were, nothing
more and nothing less than Chan Wah Shun, the
"money changer", and Leung Bik, son of the doctor.
Yip Man had learnt his Wing Tsun from Master
Chan Wa Shun, in Foshan, but a fortuitous and totally
random encounter caused that a short time later,
Leung Bik accepted him as a student. In fact, Yip
Man had the honor of being the only student of
Leung Bik during his early years in Hong Kong.
Yip Man arrived in Hong Kong at age 15, in 1908.
That same year he met Leung Bik with whom he
remained for years lear ning from him all the
refinements and secrets of Wing Chun Kuen. Despite
that, Yip Man always referred to Leung Bik as Si Pak.
(Surprising in these times in which anyone who
argues with his Sifu disowns him and looks for a new
Leung Bik lacked economic resources and lived on
the edge of poverty in Hong Kong. In fact, he lived
with a relative and he could barely eat. Interested in
him and his situation, Yip Man invited the master
to live with him, a fact that no doubt caused a
large strengthening of their martial and
personal ties. Leung Bik taught Yip Man
the art of Wing Chun to until 1912. During
these years, Yip Man learned the entire
system under the guidance of Leung
Bik and, above all, he practiced
diligently for years and daily on
the most subtle and advanced
works of the system. After the
Sifu Salvador Snchez

Yip Man had learnt his Wing

Tsun from Master Chan Wa
Shun, in Foshan, but a fortuitous
and totally random encounter
caused that a short time later,
Leung Bik accepted him as a

death of Leung Bik, Yip

Man returned to Foshan to
help his Kung Fu brothers
with the knowledge he had
obtained in Hong Kong. And it's
precisely here where problems b
The two masters of Yip Man, despite being
students of the same Sifu (Dr. Leung Jan),
s eemed t o hav e quite different s ty les and
perspectives. A possible explanation for this may be the
vital situation of each one: Chan Wa Shun was a man with
a scanty cultural background, coarse in his manners and
whose knowledge and form of expression were those
of a common man. On the other hand, Leung Bik was
a highly cultivated person, whose ideals and way of
practicing and showing the style were heavily
influenced by the Chinese traditional philosophy.
His knowledge of the Wing Chun principles was
much deeper and refined than that of his younger
Kung Fu brother, Chan Wa Shun.
Although Yip Man learned from Leung Bik as much as
he had learnt from Chan Wa Shun, and despite he always
stated that Leung Bik's lineage was much broader, deeper
and impressive, he never said his Sifu was Leung Bik. Yip
Man understood the respect that the students should have
for their teacher. We all should look in depth this lesson of
RESPECT and Kung Fu...
But the issue today places us in that historic moment in
which Yip Man returned to Foshan and, when he showed
what he had learned with Leung Bik (remember that he was
the direct lineage of Leung Jan) his fellow practitioners,
older school Siblings and the rest of the Foshan Wing
Tsun community, were alarmed and say without
blushing: THAT'S NOT WING TSUN!!
I can only imagine the profound disappointment
that the great master could have felt when, trying to

improve his system and show the finest flavors of this exciting
style, he was refused by his peers for not having a similar
aesthetics to what he used to practice years before. Today is
exactly the same.
Let's look at it with some curiosity: despite Yip Man
overcame each and every one of his fellow practitioners at a
technical and combative level, the vast majority of them kept
pointing to him as a traitor to the style, because he was
training and doing things that differed from what their Sifu had
taught them. And what is more, for having practiced with a
master of their own school and their own style ... Incredible!
Doesn't it sound familiar to you? Well ... today is exactly the
same. Those things of the pendulum...
Years later, asked about what it was or it wasnt Wing Tsun,
Yip Man said some wise words that for me summarize this
system and solve any doubt. He said: "If it meets the
principles, it's Wing Tsun ..." The principles of Wing Tsun are
often recited aloud by the practitioners of this style, but they
rarely studied in depth for their practice:
I would like to invite Wing Tsun practitioners to look at what
they do with deeper eyes, and to avoid judging the personal
style of others. I firmly believe that this system has created
(and still creates) outstanding Martial Arts practitioners and the
simple fact that the aesthetics of what they do is different from
yours doesn't give them the "patent" of the style.

I would like to invite Wing Tsun

practitioners to look at what they do
with deeper eyes, and to avoid
judging the personal style of others.
Sifu Salvador Snchez

Years later, asked about what Moreover, if you look and reflect, you will
realize that in many cases, there are
it was or it wasnt Wing Tsun, people who do movements with an
aesthetics that is called Wing Tsun, but
Yip Man said some wise words behind there is no principle at all, only
that for me summarize this They say that he who forgets his past,
buries his future. Let's take a look at the
system and solve any doubt. history of this style and many of the
problems before us today will disappear
He said: If it meets the when we understand that the only path
for the martial artist is daily practice.
principles, it's Wing Tsun ... What others do or the personal style of
each one shouldn't matter to us in an
individualistic art by definition.
The extreme wealth of this discipline
allows us to observe personal styles as
different as those of my Seguing K.
Kernspecht, my Sifu Victor, Sifu Sally
Avcy, Sifu Emin, Sifu Tasos, and so
many others that, despite being very
different in appearance, all of them are
extraordinary at a martial level. So we
shouldn't judge anyone by the
aesthetics of what they do and instead,
we should strive to see the good things
in each of them and try to improve our
individual practice.
I hope this serves to understand.
The Philippines has a long history of life and death
combat. From ancient times to the modern day, the
fighting arts of the Filipino archipelago have proven
themselves time and again to be efficient, effective and
extremely deadly forms of fighting. There are countless
systems of Filipino martial arts spread throughout the
thousands of islands in this region. Many are
family arts and no outsider will likely
ever learn them. Fortunately, many
have also been made available to
the rest of the world. From the
Kyusho perspective the study
begins with learning revival
and restorations, but then
develops mobile arm
targeting as its Martial
foundation. When you
dissect an attack, besides
a kicking action, all other
attacks start with the arms,
but the challenge is that the
arms are the fastest moving
parts of the body with the
greatest range of motion and
directional attack capability.
So it is a very challenging
section of training that should be
integrated into every session, in so
many variations. There are other
ways to make this level a bit easier and
one is in the skill of Arm Trapping. Kali
Master Raffi Derderian and Kyusho Practitioner
Evan Pantazi - a collaborative film


All DVDs, wichi is produced by Budo International,

si provided and alone in the formats DVD-5 or
MPEG-2, in VCD, DivX or the like is however neves
offered with a special holograma sticker. Besides
our DVD is characteristed coverings by the hig
quality in pressure and material. If this DVD and/or
the DVD covering do not corespond to the
requirements specified above, it concerns illegal
pirat copy.

Arts of Japan

Isidro Sensei - Aikido 8th Dan

C / SAN MARIANO No.110 - MADRID - 28022 - SPAIN
+34 655 92 11 37
+34 910 344 613

T h e e s s e n t i a l i n T h e A r t o f Wa r i s
Eternal, so since the dawn of time,
experts have searched the underlying
common principle in its dynamics so as to
draw conclusions that would allow them
to anticipate bringing order and meaning
to the chaos in which every battle
Ueshiba established these principles by
applying keys that finally crystallized in
techniques, but behind them there was
the essential, that is, the Eternal. So
Aikido principles possess a Universal
v a l i d i t y, b u t n o t a l l p r a c t i t i o n e r s
understand the greatness implicit in the
approaches of this art, considering at the
same time a succession of techniques.
Isidro Sensei demonstrates to us once
again through the teaching the noble art
of the two swords, a technical innovation
in the Japanese Budo that came from the
hand of one of its gr eatest legends,
Miyamoto Musashi. This magnificent work,
pr esented now on DVD, teaches the
student not only the technique of the two
swor ds, but also encourages him to
understand that behind every technique
there is always a tactic and behind this,
clearly underlies a strategic principle that
derives from a philosophical
understanding. A book on the subject is
being prepared and we hope to offer it in
the course of next year, thereby deepening
even more in a matter as little studied as
interesting. Therefore, as indicated in the
opening kanjis, this as a job about Aikido,
Iaido, even Kenjutsu, but ultimately
everything treated here is pure Bushido.

Arts of Japan

When unsheathing,
we mustn't exceed
with our hands the
height of the top
part of our Hara,
otherwise we will
remain fully
discovered and at
the mercy of our
without forgetting
that the longer the
path the bigger
the reaction and
execution time of
the technique.

Kenjutsu is an ancient Japanese discipline of the so called traditional Martial
Arts. There are several schools, called Ryu in Japanese, which aim to instruct
in combat in an effective way with the Katana and the Wakizashi, whose
variants in wood for training are the Bokken and the Kodachi. The practice can
be developed in many ways depending on Ryu to be practiced.
The different Kenjutsu styles that we know today were forged from the
Muromachi period between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Among the
most prominent schools of that era we can find the following:
Tenshin Shoden Katori Shinto Ryu
Kashima Shinto Ryu
Kasumi Shinto Ryu
Ch j Ryu
Nen ryu
Shinkage Ryu
The further expansion of Kenjutsu took place during the Edo period
(sixteenth to nineteenth centuries), registering more than 500 styles. At the end
of this period some styles began to use Hindi, bamboo sword and armors for
body protection, thus providing a greater security to the practice of the
discipline. This modern way of practicing the art of traditional Japanese sword
was the birth of Kendo.
However, new schools or styles of Kenjutsu appeared in the Edo period, of
which the most prominent ones are listed below, among others that
undoubtedly, perhaps out of ignorance, we have missed to mention:
Niten Ichi Ryu, founded by the legendary samurai Miyamoto Musashi.
Shinkage Ryu, founded by Yagyu Muneyoshi.
Itto Ryu, founded by Ito Ittosai Kagehisa.
Suio Ryu, founded by Mima Yochizaemon.
After the Meiji restoration, the carrying of swords was banned and therefore
various styles eventually disappeared, an event that was repeated after the
Japanese defeat in World War II. However, there are still a number of schools
that have survived to date today.

Arts of Japan

Kenjutsu training varies depending on the style to be Kenjutsu is a discipline more spiritual and mental than
practiced. Most schools base their practice in the Kata physical, and for its practice it becomes necessary and
(with pre-set movements). In some Ryu, the practice of essential to find balance between body and mind,
Kata is complemented by training sessions based on assimilating the brandished steel as part of one's own
combat or multiple Randori, using protective armor in body, and feeling contact with the spirit, the physical
some of them, to prevent unwanted injuries. strength is relegated to a lower plane. The teaching of
In the Kata based training sessions, a wooden sword this discipline, as well as that of Kyudo, has a great
like the Katana, called Bokken or Bokuto, is routinely physical and religious connotation and at the same time
used. Each style of Kenjutsu usually imposes specific spiritual, basing its strength primarily on the influence of
measures long, wide and curve for their Bokuto swords. Shintoism, Confucianism and Zen.
Others, at higher levels, opt for the Suburi Bokken, Many schools of
heavier and larger, in order to increase the skill with Kenjutsu have been able
such a heavy weapon. to survive after the

Arts of Japan

disappearance of the Samurai class, managing to reach fighting with two swords at once, a fact
our days; of course, after evolving and branching in a that seems to be more certain than the
variety of styles and schools, since progress is stories of those who deny it.
inevitable and necessary, and so other Ryus have Let us not forget that at the time the
emerged as new forms expression. Through the saber European duels, a long sword and a short
we may be able to describe in the space the just and were used, as Musashi would develop later,
precise technique at the present moment, like if it was a and by then, the influence of the Europeans
feather, drawing in the space, in the emptiness that fills was of great importance in the land of the
everything, the feeling of the steel that represents life rising sun. Musashi developed the Nito-Ichi
and death, as an essential ritual warrior. school of the two swords. The work we will
expose now, was made by collecting ancient
The warrior techniques and others less so. Techniques
that have nothing to do with the style of
With respect to the legendary Miyamoto Musashi, Miyamoto Musashi, and to which we call so
there has been a great deal of talk; some say he used only as a way to refer to the work of the two
nothing more than a Wakizashi and Katana, i.e., short sabers at the same time, as art of the advantage.
sword and long sword. Others say that this is not We can denominate this art as Koryu,
correct, since he fought most of his bouts with a Japanese word which can be translated literally
Bokken, that is, a wooden swords, being his style so as old school or old tradition. It is used to
refined that he didn't need a cutting edge to defeat his describe those Martial Arts that arose before the
opponents. This, a certain stage of his life, was true. Meiji Restoration, political event which
Others deny that Musashi created the Nito-Ichi, the accelerated the modernization process of
style of the two sabers, perhaps because the more Japan. Martial Arts that emerged after this
orthodox ones within the Japanese tradition refuse to event, the so-called Gendai, that we can
accept that a samurai could learn or simply inspired exemplify through Aikido, Iaido, Karate, Kendo,
himself for the development of his art and school, in Judo or Kyudo, to name a few, are evaluated as
Western swordsmen who fought with a skill that had sports or arts oriented to the development of
nothing to envy the Japanese art. The stories tell that the person, unlike the arts classified as Koryu,
after seeing a European duel in the Nagasaki area, which refer to the teachings of a strictly military culture,
understood the need of developing a strategy for focused on the art of war.
Arts of Japan

The Bokken
The Bokken sword, traditionally the basic weapon par excellence for the study and
practice of Japanese fencing regardless of style or school, is essential for the hard
work that represents the study in the Dojo, which it will extend for years of daily
training in order to achieve an average level.
In ancient times, during the Muromachi period, the use of the Bokken, also called
Bokuto, became very popular because the samurai began using the art of dueling in
peacetime. From this form of combat emerged the specializations of the different
schools or Ryu, until our days.
As in the Dojos of the various Ryu or styles they began to teach the art of
fencing to students, it became necessary to replace the original steel
sword by the simile in wood (Bokken). The Katana was a great work of
art in itself, noble and inert that came alive when wielded by the
Budoka. Its edge was brittle and sharp as a razor. Its back side was
forged to absorb the cutting force or Kiri, stabbing or blockage.
But the edge could be chipped upon contacting the sword
wielded by the opponent, since an inexperienced management of
the weapon would be detrimental to so considerate gem.
Through the ages, the different Ryu or styles specialized in the
art of Kenjutsu; like in Iaido, virtually all of them used the
Bokken wooden sword to train and avoid serious injury. While
using the Bokken students became Masters of handling such
a noble weapon, obviously they became extremely dangerous
with his instrument training, i.e., the Bokken.
So, at the same time that the students using the Bokken
turned into real Masters in managing such noble weapon,
obviously they also became extremely dangerous with their
training instrument, i.e., the Bokken.
Several Japanese chronicles talk about warriors who for
one reason or another used the Bokken against enemies
who wielded real swords with steel blades and
nevertheless were defeated. The most famous samurai in
the history of Japan and worthy of praise for such feats
was without doubt the legendary Miyamoto Musashi.

A brief biography of Musashi

His real name was Shinmen Musashi No Kami Fujiwara
No Genshin. To be fair, no one knows with absolute
certainty his birthplace. Some historians say he was
born in the village called Miyamoto, in the former
province of Mimasaka, in 1584. "Musashi" is the name
of an area southwest of Tokyo and the name "No
Kami" means "a noble person of the area", while
"Fujiwara" is the name of one of Japan's first noble
families, dating back over a thousand years ago.
Musashi himself says of himself: "I am a
samurai of the Harima province."
Hirada Shokan, his grandfather, was a
server of Shinmen Iga No Kami Sudeshige,
lord of the Takeyama castle. It is thought that
Hirada Shokan was a favorite of his master, who
finally married his daughter.
When Musashi was seven, his father Munisai died
or abandoned the child, about a year after his mother
Omasa died. Ben No Suke, as Musashi was known

Arts of Japan

during his childhood, was in the care of a maternal opponent was Arima Kibei, a famous samurai in the
uncle, a Buddhist priest. So we find Musashi an orphan area, of the Shinto Ryu Kenjutsu School, an expert
son of a samurai, during the campaigns of unification of with the sword and spear who had been walking
the Shogun Hideyoshi, in an unhappy and violent land. through the village challenging everyone and had
He was a boisterous young, strong-willed and placed a notice saying: "Whoever wants to challenge
physically large for his age. me will be accepted."
It is not known whether his inclination towards When Musashi read the notice he added down: "I will
Kendo was at the behest of his uncle, or it was his challenge you tomorrow", and wrote his name. That
aggressive nature what led him to it: "From my earliest afternoon came a note of Kibei accepting the challenge
youth my heart inclined toward the Way of the and indicating the place of the duel. The next morning
Warrior", but it's recorded that in the first fight in Musashi headed for the site of the duel with a wooden
which he killed a man, he was only thirteen years old. sword in his hand, the boy knocked the man when he
Do not forget that the time we are talking about, the drew his sword, and struck him on the head when he
sixteenth century, was one of the bloodiest periods, tried to get up. Kibei died vomiting blood. Originally,
both in Japan and in the West. Still, at 13-year-old one Kenjutsu schools were founded around the Shinto
is too young to kill someone, especially in a duel. The temples. The oldest were in the region called Kanto,

near Tokyo, where the important temples in Kashima for succession to the throne as Shogun of Japan,
and Katori were situated. Musashi, who was 19 years old at the time, joined the
The next recorded duel occurred when he was army of Ishida to fight Tokugawa. He survived three
sixteen; he defeated a samurai named Tadashima days of terrible fighting, during which seventy thousand
Akiyama, in the province of Tajima. About this time he people died in the battlefields, besides the subsequent
left home and began traveling in search of experience, hunting and killing the defeated army.
finding all kinds of duels and contests in which he was
the winner: "I crossed province after province to fight The legend
warriors of all kinds and training, but no one could beat
me in the more than sixty duels in which I participated. At twenty he traveled to Kyoto; this would be the
Until he finally settled down the age of fifty, having scene of his vendetta against the Yoshioka prestigious
reached the end of his quest for knowledge. There were family. The Yoshioka had been for generations the
many Ronin (samurai without a master) traveling the instructors of the Ashikaga Clan. Munisai, Musashi's
country on similar expeditions, some alone like father, had been invited to Kyoto years before by the
Musashi, others who enjoyed the patronage of a school Shogun Ashikaga Yoshiaka. Munisai was a competent
or feudal sector, such as the famous samurai Tsukahara swordsman, and an expert with the "jyutte". The story
Bokuden, creator of the school Mutekatsu Ryu, who says that Munisai fought three members of the
had traveled with an entourage of more than a hundred Yoshioka Clan, winning two of the duels, and perhaps
men in the previous century. This type of pilgrimage this had something to do with Musashi's behavior
trips in search of experience and refinement was called toward the family.
Musha Shugyo. Seijiro Yoshioka, head of the family, was the first to
In this period of his life, Musashi practically lived fight Musashi, in a wasteland outside the city. It is not
ostracized from society, dedicated himself heart and known why Seijiro accepted this challenge since he
soul with a fierce individualist mentality to the exclusive belonged to a high social class samurai family and
pursuit of enlightenment in the way of the sword. He Musashi was just a 21-year-old unknown samurai, of a
was only interested in perfecting his skill; he lived like a lower class and it didn't bring Seijiro any merit.
wanderer, traveling around Japan and sleeping When the hour agreed for the encounter was due,
outdoors, enduring the cold winter winds, not arranging Musashi didn't show up; servants were sent to looking
his hair... he never took a wife (although there are some for him and they found him two hours later in an inn,
references that he had a girlfriend named Otsu), nor sleeping. Musashi sent the relevant apologies saying
was he devoted to any profession. It is said that he he'd go quickly, but it took him two more hours to get
never entered a bathtub for fear of being caught to the spot. When he finally arrived at the scene of the
unarmed, and that his appearance was rough and wild. duel, Seijiro was angry and impatient, armed with a real
In the battle of Sekigahara (1600) between the armies sword, while Musashi held a wooden sword. Musashi
of Tokugawa Ieyasu hurled himself forward beating Seijiro savagely and
and Ishida Mitsunari knocking him down unconscious. His servers took him

Arts of Japan

home, where he cut off his chonmage (samurai queue) techniques and enjoying talks about Zen with the
out of shame. monks.
After this feat, Musashi decided to stay in the Currently, Hozoin monks continue practicing the
capital, his continued presence further irked the traditional fighting forms with spear. It is interesting to
Yoshioka family. The second brother, Denshichiro, say that the word "Osho", which now translates as
challenged Musashi to a duel, in an attempt to restore priest, in ancient times meant "master of the spear."
the family honor. Musashi, intentionally delayed again Hozoin Inei was a student of Kamiizumi Nobutsuna, a
the appointment, when he finally appeared, Kendo Master and a Shinto priest. Spears used by
Denshichiro was sufficiently decentralized and angry. these priests were cross-shaped, and their real name
A second after starting the fighting broke his skull with was Jumonji Yari
his wooden sword. Denshichiro was dead. The clan While travelling around the province of Iga, he faced
issued another challenge, this time in the person of Baiken Shishido, an expert in managing of
Hanshichiro, the young son of Seijiro. Hanshichiro was Kusarigama (a kind of sickle in the handle of which is
a child; he hadn't even reached adolescence yet. This inserted a long chain that ends in a small metal ball).
means that it was actually a ruse; even though the Using his strategy, Musashi led the development of
challenge had been launched in Hanshichiro's name, the fight into a small copse and when Shishido
Musashi should face all his samurai guard. The duel wanted to use his chain, it got tangled, and then
would be carried out under a large pine tree adjacent Musashi drew a dagger and plunged it into his chest.
to a rice paddy; this pine was known by the name of Shishido companions attacked Musashi, but he made
Ichijoji Sagari Matsu, "the pine coming down from them flee in all four directions.
Ichijoji." Ichijoji was a temple that had been founded Once, Musashi was in Akashi, Harima province,
by the monk Tendai in the year 981, which no longer cutting a wood to make a bow, and a samurai named
exists, and of which the area also takes its name. Mus Gonnosuke showed up to challenge him. He was
Already in ancient times, the pine was a landmark a skilled samurai in the Kenjiutsu Tenshin Shoden
for travelers because it was the point where the limits Katori Shinto Ryu and Jikishinkage Ryu, his skill was
of the provinces of Shiga, Shiratori and Imaji, east of such that he had never been defeated, until he met
the mountains of Kyoto, converged. A piece of that with Musashi. Gonnosuke was armed with an Odachi
tree is preserved in the nearby temple of Hachidai. (long sword) and on the lapels of his Haori (sort of big
The pine is still there, is the fourth generation of that. coat that was put on the kimono), he had written:
For these reasons, this event is historically known as "Heiho Tenka Ichi" (the best martial artist on earth). He
the Ichijoji Duel. This time, Musashi arrived at the was surrounded by six followers and he began to brag
meeting place before the appointed time and waited about no one was his equal. He said, "Years ago, in
hidden for the arrival of his enemy. my travels, I have seen the techniques of your father,
The kid arrived dressed formally in his armor of war Munisai, but I still haven't seen your own." Musashi,
and surrounded by his entourage of well-armed who was beginning to get irritated, replied: "If you
retainers, determined to do away with Musashi. have seen my father techniques, mine are no
Musashi waited, hidden in the shadows. They were different." Gonnosuke, showing off to his pupils,
planning what they would do when he arrived, for pressed further by saying: "My techniques are not to
surely he'd be late again; at that moment he suddenly show them to anyone." Musashi snapped: "No matter
appeared in their midst and attacked the boy. Then, how you attack me, I'll stop, that's my technique, do
using both swords, he opened a way through them, what you want and the way you want". Taking a
escaping the trap, followed by a rain of arrows. wooden sword more than 1.20 meters long, without
After that remarkable episode, he wandered about any formality, Gonnosuke launched a fierce attack on
Japan, becoming a legend in his own time. Mentions his opponent, but Musashi, walking straight toward
to his name and stories of his prowess are found in him, hit him lightly between the eyes with the rod, as if
files, diaries and monuments from Tokyo to Kyushu. At it were a sword. Gonnosuke hurried away.
the age of twenty-nine he had faced more than sixty In his constant wandering he reached the province
duels and he had won them all. The earliest collection of Izumo, visited Matsudaira, the feudal lord of the
of these facts appears in the Niten Ki, or "Chronicles region, and asked him permission to fight with his
of the Two Heavens", a record compiled by his pupils strongest Kendo expert. There were many good
a generation after his death. strategists in Izumo. Permission was granted to do it
The same year that the events with the Clan against a man who used a wooden hexagonal Bo
Yoshioka, 1605, occurred, he visited the Kofuku Zen nearly two and a half meters long. It was a "friendly"
temple, in the south of the capital, Nara. Here he had challenge, so it wouldn't be a mortal combat; it was
a duel with Hozoin Kakuzenbo Inei (1521-1607), a held in the gardens of the mansion. In just two moves,
priest of the Nichiren sect and skilled warrior. The using two wooden swords, Musashi cornered the
priest was an expert with the spear (creator of the samurai against a porch and disarmed him hitting him
Hozoin Ryu spear school, still active), but Musashi in both arms. To the surprise of the assembled
defeated him twice with his short wooden sword. He servants, lord Matsudaira asked Musashi to fight him.
stayed in the temple for a while studying fighting When Matsudaira began to assume a guard position,

Arts of Japan

and before he finished preparing, Musashi struck "The true Art of the Sword cannot be understood
strongly the lord's sword and split it in two. Matsudaira from the narrow confines of mere swordplay."
recognized his defeat and Musashi stayed in Izumo for When the boat reached the scene of the duel, Sasaki
a while as the lord's master. and the officers who were waiting for him couldn't
But Musashi's most famous duel took place in 1612, believe it, astonished to see the strange appearance of
in the city of Ogura, former province of Buzen, Kyushu. Musashi, with his unkempt hair fastened with a towel,
His opponent was Sasaki Kojiro, a man of about forty his kimono sleeves tied with strips of paper, jumping off
years of age, who had developed a strong fencing the boat with a long wooden oar in his hands and
technique known as Tsubame-gaeshi, inspired by the rushing through the waves toward the beach, to meet
movement of the tail of a swallow in flight, and creator his enemy.
of the Ganry Ryu style, which had become his Annoyed by the spectacle, Sasaki unsheathed his
pseudonym, as everyone referred to him as Ganry . long sword, a fine blade made by Nagamitsu of Bizen,
Such was his fame that this fight went down in history and threw away the scabbard. Seeing this Musashi
as "the duel of Ganry 's Island", although, of course, said: "You've already lost, you did that because you
the island had another name. won't need it any more" (meaning that the fact of
Sasaki Kenjiutsu served as instructor for the lord of throwing the sheath indicated that he had assumed his
the province, Hosokawa Tadaoki. Musashi asked own death), which angered Sasaki even more and
Hosokawa permission to fight with Sasaki through one provoked him to launch the first attack. Musashi
of his officers, called Nagaoka Sato Okinaga, who in jumped up and back, probably using a technique
due course had been a pupil of Musashi's father. known as Nuki Waza in Kendo, and, dodging narrowly
Permission for the duel was granted and the encounter the attack, hit him with the oar on the head. When
should be carried out at eight o'clock of the following Sasaki fell dead, his sword had cut the towel from
day, April 14, 1612. The place would be the small island Musashi's head and the hem of his hakama. Musashi
of Funa Shima, at a few kilometers from Ogura (near saluted the stunned officers and ran back to his ship.
what is now known as Shimonoseki). Thereafter, he never in his life would use again real
That night Musashi left his lodging place and moved swords in any duel. He was invincible and henceforth
to the house of an old acquaintance, named Kobayashi he'd be devoted to the search for perfect
Taro Zaemon. This inspired the rumor that he had understanding by way of Kendo.
escaped, frightened by the technique of Sasaki. The In 1614 and 1615 he had the opportunity to gain
next day at eight o'clock Musashi was still asleep more experience in the art of war and siege. Ieyasu
because he had drunk a lot the night before, and he Tokugawa besieged the fortress of Osaka where they
had to be awakened by one of the officers assembled had sheltered the insurgents that supported the
on the island. He got up, drank and washed himself Ashikaga family. Musashi joined the Tokugawa forces
with the water brought to him, took his time for during the winter and summer campaigns, now fighting
breakfast and then went down straight to the seaside. against those who in his youth had fought alongside
While Sato rowed to the island, Musashi decided to him in the battle of Sekigahara.
relax by making a string of paper that he would use as According to his own writings, he came to
a Tasuki (string or strip of cloth used to tie the wide understand the art of strategy at the age of fifty, in
kimono sleeves to avoid disturbing or harming 1634. That year, he and his adopted son Iori, an orphan
movements), then he made a wooden sword with the he had found in one of his trips in the province of Dewa,
spare oar. settled in Ogura. He never again left the island of

Kyushu. The Hosokawa House had tasked him with the of intrigue with the foreign powers and the Japanese
command of a hub place in the province of Higo, the Christians. Musashi was a member of staff of the army
Kumamoto Castle, and the new lord of Buzen was of Ogasawara in Shimabara, where Christians were
Ogasawara. Iori found a job under Ogasawara massacred. After this, Tokugawa closed the ports of
Tadazane's orders; as captain of his army, he fought Japan to foreign communications, and would remain so
against the Christians in Shimabara Uprising of 1638, for over two hundred years.
Musashi was fifty-four years. The lords of the southern provinces had always been
The lords of the southern provinces had always been antagonistic to the Tokugawa and were the instigators
antagonistic to the Tokugawa and were the instigators of intrigue with foreign powers and the Japanese

The true Art of the Sword cannot

be understood from the narrow
confines of mere swordplay.
Arts of Japan

Christians. Musashi was a member of the Ogasawara That it works well or not, just depends on how well the
Army Staff in Shimabara, where Christians were user has understood the principles of the Strategy.
massacred. After this, Tokugawa closed the ports of "Upon reaching thirty I reflected on my past. I
Japan to foreign communications, and it would remain understood that all my victories were not due solely to
so for over two hundred years. my mastery in combat; may be they were only due to
Musashi wrote "When you have understood the Way my natural ability, or perhaps Heaven's wishes favored
of strategy, there will be nothing that you cannot me, or even that the strategies of other schools were
understand" and "You will see the Way in everything". inferior to mine. After this conclusion I studied day and
In fact, he became a Master of Arts and Crafts. He night searching the Principles and only at fifty years of
produced masterpieces of ink painting, probably more age I came to understand the Way of the Warrior. Since
valued by the Japanese than the ink paintings of any then I have lived without following any particular
other authors. His works included cormorants, herons, school, and with the warrior's virtue I practiced many
the Shinto God Hotei, dragons, birds with flowers, bird arts and different skills: everything that no teacher
in a dead tree, Daruma (Bodhidharma), and others. He could teach me."
was an expert calligrapher, a fact made evident in his The book is not a thesis on strategy; in his words, it's
work "Senki" (War spirit). There is a small wood "a guide for men who want to learn strategy". He wrote
sculpture of the Buddhist deity Acala in private hands. about the various aspects of Kendo in such a way that
A sculpture of Kwannon recently lost. He made metal everyone can study according to the personal level. A
works and founded a school of "Tsuba" manufacturers beginner can take advantage at a beginner's level and
(sword guards) in which he signed "Niten" after his an expert can capture subtleties at the expert level. The
name (in allusion to his school Ni Ten Ichi Ryu). Word is, more you read, the more you find in its pages. It is
he wrote poems and songs, but none of these has definitely his last legacy, the key to the path walked by
reached our days. It is also said that he was him. When at thirty years he had become a fighter ace,
commissioned by Shogun Tokugawa Iemitsu to paint he didn't establish and founded a school, replete with
the sunrise over Edo Castle. success, but he doubly devoted himself to study. In his
Musashi is known to the Japanese as "Kensei", i.e., last days, disdaining likewise the life of comfort with
"Divine fencer" or "Sword Saint". lord Hosokawa, Musashi lived two years alone in a cave
His Go Rin No Sho (The Book of Five Rings, referring deep in the mountains, immersed in contemplation.
to Earth, Water, Fire, Wind and Emptiness, the five In my opinion, Musashi's life is concerned with the
elements of the Universe of Buddhism), which heads searching of an objective, i.e., with setting a goal and
each bibliography of Kendo, is the only manuscript chase it beyond setbacks and difficulties. It's having
among Martial Arts books that not only deals with strong convictions and defend them, accumulating
military strategy or individual combat with sword, but experience during our learning in life, capitalizing and
treats about any situation where you need to use empowering the good things without forgetting the
tactics. Japanese businessmen use the "Book of Five mistakes, so as not to make them again. Errors don't
Rings" as a business management manual, developing exist for a Warrior, as long as he becomes aware of them,
sales campaigns as if they were military operations. because they turn into an open door to knowledge.


The technical
arsenal that we
aikidokas have in
Kumi-Tachi is
Only in Irimi-nage
we have twenty
different basic
variants in
and twenty in
Arts of Japan

"Stories are but events told and written at the convenience of the authors, full of lies and
truths. So is described the history they teach us".

Kenjutsu or Kumi-Tachi?
When we listen to certain teachers or Masters of Aikido, or even when we read many of
the writings on the handling of the Tachi or Bokken by experts in Aikido, we see that in
many occasions they assigned to the weapon a handling or use that has little or nothing to
do with the Aikido and the Kumi-Tachi that we develop in this beautiful discipline. In most
writings on the subject, it is often clear that techniques are drawn from various Ryu of
Kenjutsu, thus giving out the signal that there is a big gap in that area in Aikido. What has
never been learnt, can't ever be explained, taught or conveyed.
Aikido has its own identity in this matter and it doesn't need resorting to other Ryu or
schools to fill the void created by a technical deficiency in this area.
The handling of the Tachi or Bokken in Aikido is as easy as doing Aikido with the
Bokken. When we work out with the saber, we understand it as a simple extension of our
arms, varying only our Ma-Ai, since the other concepts remain unaltered. That is, we
perform with the sword all those Aikido techniques that we train in our daily classes, in
both Tachi Waza and Suwari Waza, etc.
The technical arsenal that we aikidokas have in Kumi-Tachi is impressive. Only in Irimi-
nage we have twenty different basic variants in Sakate, and twenty in Junte.


If you think you

still have to learn,
you increase your
grace; if you think
you are wise,
you become a fool.

The saber must be

understood as a
pen with which we
must draw in space
delicate and
continuous lines,
without pauses,
turning each
technique in one
single motion.

For his charisma and proven toughness, Master Tak Kubota, 10th Dan since 1994,
is undoubtedly a living legend of Martial Arts that has managed to combine the
Karate tradition of the purest Samurai style with his film career in Hollywood. Our
collaborator, Salvador Herriz, has visited him several times in his Dojo in California,
and brings to our pages an interesting report about him.

The Gosoku Ryu living legend Okinawan experts in To-de who were at his home in
Kyusho during World War II. In his words, "I had many
Takayuki Kubota was born on September 20, 1934, in Masters, some of them famous. Not being able to mention
Kumamoto, the same Japanese city where the famous them all, I prefer, out of respect, not to mention any".
master of the sword, Miyamoto Musashi passed the final Those were times in which training was very hard and it
years of his life. Young Tak began practicing Karate and wasn't granted too much respect for physical integrity. You
Ju-Jutsu at the early age of 4 years, first from the hand of didn't train to compete but simply to survive. Each part of
his father and then with Terada and Tokunaga, two Master Kubota's body, from his head down to his toes,
Great Masters

turned into lethal weapons, while the Kubota's expert knowledge about Tulleners, Harvie Eubank and Ben
makiwara was an essential part of his Taihojutsu - Police arrest techniques - Otake (Ed Parker's tour nament
life. "During my youth, all my training gave him the opportunity to teach champion, LAPD Sergeant and Police
was intended to teach me how to kill. baton techniques - that he had officer respectively) put themselves
We were instilled the idea that when learned from his father - to a Tokyo under the orders of Kubota. "Already
we fight our enemies, they should end police agent in exchange for food and in the United States, I was sponsored
up dead", he recalls. Kubota trained lodging. Shortly after he began by the Los Angeles Police Department
for some time in the Dojo of Kangen teaching Martial Arts. Between 1949 (LAPD), where I taught Baton and
Toyama, a direct disciple of Anko and 1959, Kubota trained the Kamata Self-Defense techniques, as well as
Itosu and Kanryo Higaonna. Police, and from 1958 to 1964 he did other techniques of my own. More
At the tender age of 13, Kubota the same with the American Military than 20 years ago I created the Police
went to Tokyo in search of fortune, Police in various bases in Japan. Tonfa for the Police Department,
although initially, hunger and suffering On August 2, 1964, Ed Parker designed to meet law enforcement
were his only achievement. He slept invited Kubota to conduct a needs. Later, many other departments
in temples and train stations, while demonstration at the opening of his adopted it too. I also created the so-
trying to survive in the violent streets 1st International Tournament held in called Kubotan, a kind of keychain
of the suburbs. There he began to Long Beach. Anecdotally, it is less than a hand span in length, and is
develop his style, Gosoku Ryu: "I noteworthy that one of the very useful to strengthen the power of
liked the Goju Ryu for its strength and demonstrations was given by Bruce control over people through pressure
power. From this style I took out the Lee himself. Just a few months later, points, etc. as well as being a
word GO. Shotokan is fast and Kubota returned to Los Angeles to complement when you are going to
strong. I extracted SO from it. My take up residence and teach Martial handcuff someone", says the Master
style intends to be strong yet relaxed, Arts in various government agencies, as he pulls one out of his pocket and
to develop a power that is formed in a including FBI, Police Departments, shows me.
triangle. I chose the name in Japan Sheriff Offices, DEA, etc. During that Kubota, founder of the International
by 1950." period, the later famous Tonny Karate Association (IKA) in 1953, has

high ranks in different martial disciplines, keys to a film where, once again, the
highlighting his 10th Dan in Karate, 5th Dan handling of the Japanese sword plays a
in Aikido, 3rd Dan in Judo and 1st Dan in fundamental role.
Kendo. Established in Los Angeles In 1996 he appeared in "The Bottle
(California), he initially opened his Dojo in Rocket". He has participated in "Power
the heart of Hollywood, to move later to Rangers" and "True Lies", starring Arnold
Glendale. Immediately after he opened his Schwarzenegger and Kubota's lifelong
Hollywood Boulevard Dojo, two girlfriends student, James Caan. Even he could be
signed up for Karate classes. One of them, seen playing the role of a sympathetic
eventually gave up training, the other, Thea, Japanese tourist who is mugged in one of
became the wife of Master Kubota - now the episodes of the television series "Pacific
over 35 years ago - and mother of his son Blue," starring bicycle policemen and set in
Tyler and his two beautiful daughters. Venice Beach, Santa Monica. In 2001 he
Master Kubota has been featured in over played Admiral Naguma in the famous film
300 films, TV shows and commercial spots. "Pearl Harbor".
"The Mechanic", starred in 1972 by Charles Currently, Master Kubota doesn't have
Bronson and Jan-Michael Vincent, and "The much interest to continue with his film
King and I" with Yul Brynner, are the two career. "Last week I had an interview for a
most representative of a long film career. In film, but I think I'm not going to do it. What
1975 she played Toki Negato in "The Killer really interests me is Karate, not the movies.
Elite", with his student James Caan, and I love Karate. There are over 100,000 people
three years later he made "Bad News Bears affiliated with the Actors Guild and only 10
Go to Japan". In 1986 he shot "Gun Ho", % work as such. Karate is what I really like
directed by Ron Howard and starring although I have been very fortunate to
Michael Keaton, where he plays a failed combine it with films. In the movies there
executive. A year later he participated in are many negative things that I don't like.
"Steel Justice", directed by Robert Boris What I most value is Karate", he says.
and starring Martin Kove, Sela Ward,
Joseph Campanella and Jan Gan Boyd. Kubota and his famous
Years later he participated in "Black Rain" female students:
with Andy Garcia, Michael Douglas and
Toshishiro Obata. In 1993 he played the role Among them is Tammy Lauren, the
of the Yakuza Nakamoto - besides those famous actress whom we have seen, for
played by Fumio Demura and Tadashi example, in some of the episodes of
Yamashita - in "Rising Sun", a film starring "Martial Law" and in a couple of episodes of
Sean Connery and Wesley Snipes. "Walker, Texas Ranger". Previously she had
Two years later he filmed "The Hunted", starred in "The Music Man" and "Who is
an interesting film written and directed by been watching the kids? She has also
J.F. Lawton and starring Christopher worked on TV in "Mork and Mindy", "Out of
Lambert, John Lone, Joan Chen (Steven the blue", "Wishmaster" ... As Tammy
Seagal's partner in "On Deadly Ground"), affirms, Kubota is much more than a
Yoshio Harada, Yoko Shimada, Mari teacher: "I want to congratulate Master
Natsuki, Toshishiro Obata and Master Kubota for his 60 years of distinguished and
Kubota who plays the significant role of celebrated service to Karate, to the Martial
Oshima. Suspense and action, wrapped in Arts and to the film industry. I am very lucky
the attractive spiritual atmosphere of the of being able to call him teacher, I feel much
Japanese culture and the swords are the

honored to have him as a partner in it was a shocking change in my life. I about to set off for Japan with some
the movies and very fortunate to have didn't only have the honor of learning of your students. Have you repeated
him as a friend." from one of the greatest Karate the experience?" "No. This year I
Hillary Swank, star of "The Next Masters, but I had the extraordinary couldn't go for lack of time. Exactly,
Karate Kid" and Oscar winner, has gift of his friendship. It's a real that was two years ago, and maybe
also lear ned Karate with Master privilege to belong to his Karate next year ... Many people ask me to
Kubota. family". go to different places to teach
Another actress, who is very The Dojo Master Kubota has an courses, but I usually refuse to accept
earnest in her karate training with acceptable size and is very well because I don't like leaving my Dojo.
Master Kubota, is the brunette Nancy maintained. On its walls two large If I took many trips I would neglect my
McKeon. Besides, during this talk she windows provide abundant light. It obligations, and although I count on
was present in the morning workout has a wooden floor and the large highly qualified instructors, I prefer to
and she accompanied us to breakfast, mirrors seem to add space and light. stay here to keep the mysticism and
asking me about my years in Karate Next to a tiny reception (which philosophy. I want to maintain that
and my books and articles. She is scarcely has enough space for a small integrity." Among the instructors
pretty and nice, besides being a fine table and two chairs) and a small referenced is Val Mijailovic, Karate 6th
karateka who has perfectly waiting room for family or friends, a Dan, a native of the former Yugoslavia
understood Master Kubota's wall is home to many trophies and but grew up in the USA and present in
teachings. With only 34 years of age, souvenirs of police corps and pictures our talk with the Master, along with
she had already featured in more than of Master Kubota with actors and Antonio Antonetti, an Argentinian
40 films and TV episodes. In her actresses with whom he has worked established in Califor nia who
native New York she had appeared in or to whom he has given classes: decisively collaborates with us. Not
numerous commercials, but when she Arnold Schwarzenegger, James Caan, this time, but on other occasions, we
moved to Los Angeles, Nancy had to Tammy Lauren, Christopher Lambert, had the opportunity of also speaking
start from scratch: "I had a very hard Wesley Snipes, Nancy McKeon, Hilary with the legendary Carmen Kim, an
time, I was down in the dumps, it was Swan, Sean Connery, Pamela aged lady of white hair (who
like starting all over again. People Anderson... are some of them. incidentally speaks Spanish quite well)
here didn't know me..." Shortly Seizing the Master's connections and that has helped Kubota in his
thereafter, she recovered the good run with the great Hollywood stars, I Dojo practically from the start.
and her first appearances on screen couldn't pass up the chance of asking Interestingly, Carmen was the victim
were back in "Starsky and Hutch" him to tell me about the way actors of an attempted robbery long ago and
(1977), "Alice" (1978) - where and actresses understand the she sent her two huge muggers to
incidentally also worked his brother philosophy of Karate, to which Master hospital, one of them to the intensive
Philip -, "Love Boat" (1977) and many Kubota replied: "I have taught Karate care unit. "We have many people
other. Her major intervention was in to a lot of famous people. Some of training in this Dojo, although most of
the "Facts of Life" series, where she them learned in private lessons, but I them can only attend classes one day
remained over eight years and with don't like it, I prefer that they attend a week. In my organization there are
which she reached an enormous classes together with other students, people from up to 52 countries
popularity. Although she has been like one more of the group. In this way around the world. 30% of the
consistently working, in her most they learn other values. I usually help students are children," explains the
recent interventions there are "Style actors prepare for the fight scenes in Master. Many of us know the
and Substance" and, already in 2001, action films. I have much experience extraordinary body hardening that
"The Division", playing the role of the in film and I know how to prepare the Master Kubota has developed. I've
police inspector, Jinny Exstead. For angles, etc. The camera works very seen demonstrations in which he puts
Nancy, Kubota Master is someone differently from the human eye, so his hand on a table and hits it
very important as she herself admits: that the effects are different." repeatedly with a hammer. What can
"I remember well the day I started my "Two years ago I was here in your he tell us about this? "When I was
training with Master Kubota, because Dojo, and I remember that you were young, hardening was very important
Great Masters

for me because it gave me a lot of power. But it is better to Master Kubota has an excellent sense of humor. During
start slowly. Otherwise, if you do what I did, you could tear part of the talk at the restaurant where we ate breakfast, he
up your hands. The makiwara is essential to develop a firm continued to joke with the young waitress who waited on
wrist and tighten the bones. My whole body is conditioned. us. Anyway, they both know each other well, as the
I am like a stone." Kubota asks me to touch his right hand, restaurant is very close to the Dojo.
a genuine hammer unparalleled! "From my head to my Although Master Kubota has created some forms, such
toes, all parts of my body are authentic weapons", he as Tsuye no Kata - where a stick is used - or the newly
says. Joking, I ask him if he can play the piano and - created Ju Hachi No Tachi Kata, most of them come from
following the joke - he simulates to do it while he intones Shotokan, with some modifications. "Our basic Katas
the first musical notes. We all laugh. Then I ask about the come from Shotokan, besides we develop fifteen of Goso
piano, thinking that maybe he had shattered it. with some modifications. I keep certain fidelity so as not to

deform or distort the style. It would be a

disaster. Shotokan Katas are too square,
very geometric and in Gosoku I've made
them more circular and semi-circular. If you
are attacked by a big, strong man, you can't
defend yourself with direct forms; you have
to adapt and look for circular paths at
different angles. That's why my style is so
flexible. You have to do all the Katas with
strength and concentration, and it is
essential to know their application in real
Tak Kubota, without losing the power as
the essential feature of his combat, has
undergone a logical transformation in his
way of practicing Karate, and Kata training
has become tremendously important to him,
something probably unthinkable only a few
years ago. In this regard, he himself affirms:
"When you're in the war they teach you to
kill, to exterminate. When I was young, in
Tokyo, I trained punches, punches and
punches ... I trained to kill! I didn't practice
much Kata. With age I have changed and
now I do a lot of kata to remain active. It's
important. Katas are movement and
concentration. With age you can't go out
there jumping around and all that. You have
to do kata if you want to keep practicing.
Techniques are OK, but Katas... they are so
beautiful! If you can't do something
physically hard to perform, then you can do
a dry run of that technique in a smooth way.
But the important thing is to try. It is a good
exercise. While you're young you can focus
on combat, however most young people
who are only engaged in combat end up
leaving the Karate because of injuries. Kata,
Technique and Combat are the perfect
combination, the perfect balance."
For very many years, Master Kubota
organizes his tournaments that are widely
recognized in many countries worldwide. In
1970 two of his students, Tony Tulleners and
John Ghelson, were selected for the I WUKO

World Championships. The first one, Tony Tulleners, the execution, instead of granting points for
won the individual bronze medal. John Ghelson, nothing. Before, it was to one point and now is to
which was also vice president of the IKA organization eight, so many techniques are needed, but they
of Master Kubota- also competed in the next World m u s t b e c o n c e n t r a t e d a n d s t ro n g . I n m y
WUKO Championships. Ghelson died prematurely in organization we haven't changed competition rules
1977 at the age of 36 years. since 1964. Only the development of the bouts to 3
Kubota has a view of the competition combat Ippon (Sanbon). In my tour naments different
similar to other facets of Karate: "Many schools and styles take part, some competitors
competitors lack power. They are weak. Power is a also participate in tournaments of the World Karate
f u n d a m e n t a l a s p e c t . I w i s h t h e re w a s m o re Federation. But my people want the rules remain
seriousness in the scoring system (wazari or faithful, without deviation."
Ippon). It should be taken into account especially Master Kubota, thank you very much.


"I commend the work of Master Kubota to preserve Arnold Schwarzenegger, actor,
and promote Asian culture and Martial Arts for over 60 Los Angeles, California
years. Like him, I understand the relevance of sports in
society. The principles of sportsmanship, fair play and "For many years, Master Kubota has been friend,
constructive competition are very important in the partner and instructor of our Police Department. As
paths of life, and I appreciate the effort made by many of our police officers can attest, the intensity,
Kubota to promote friendship, unity and discipline dedication and excellence of his training and
through the study of Martial Arts ". philosophy is being demonstrated through his
Al Gore,
Ex-Vice President of the United States Russell K. Silverling, Chief of Police,
Glendale, California
"From our first meeting, more than 30 years ago,
Master Kubota has given me many gifts, and I find it "Master Kubota has been instrumental not only in
very difficult to decide which one is the most valuable. teaching baton techniques, but also in teaching one's
Perhaps the patience and tolerance that he has had attitude when it comes to physical contact. Our
me, but certainly the best of all has been his officers continue to be grateful for it".
friendship. I am more than grateful to have been able
to continue training Karate under his tutelage. I feel Ted Cooke, Chief of Police, Culver City, California
much honored that he considers me his pupil and to
hold the rank of Soke-dai". "I guarantee that Master Kubota's teachings have
saved hundreds of lives through his training and self-
James Caan, actor. Los Angeles, California defense techniques, especially the lives of the
protectors of our nation, that is, police officers. His
"The constant training of Master Kubota to the pioneering spirit to create police tactics and defensive
police and government agencies is legendary. Equally technologies has played a large role in policemen's
impressive have been the decades he has devoted to safety. I learned a lot from him, but the greatest gift I
inculcate children and adults the discipline and ever had is his friendship."
respect that implies his teaching style. It was a great
pleasure to meet him personally and having him on the Sergeant Michael Gardner,
set of my movie "Eraser". James Caan, my partner in Police Division Cincinnati, Ohio
this film, often tells me about his 30 years training with
Master Kubota".
The Pukulan Pencak Silat Serak is a system based on
both weapons and empty hands at the same time. It
incorporates many of the new-generation weapons,
swords, knives, circular kerambits, bars, batons of
different lengths and other more particular
weapons. Even in our empty hand
training methods we face an
opponent who attacks us with
weapons in both hands, as
well as several opponents at
once. This type of training
makes us more aware of
everything that happens
during an altercation
and what do and not do
when facing one or
more armed
aggressors. In this
second DVD, Maha
Guru Horacio
Rodrigues, heir to the
lineage of Pendekar Pak
Victor De Thouars, of
Pukulan Pencak Silat Serak,
addresses its particular way
to train and use the different
weapons, laying the foundations
for more advanced future plans of
study and the application of technique.
This video includes the principles of work,
angulation, Sambuts, Jurus and drills with the short
sword "Pedang", short knife "Pissau", short stick
"Tonkat Matjan", Sarong, and applications of self-
defense with empty hands.


All DVDs, wichi is produced by Budo International,

si provided and alone in the formats DVD-5 or
MPEG-2, in VCD, DivX or the like is however neves
offered with a special holograma sticker. Besides
our DVD is characteristed coverings by the hig
quality in pressure and material. If this DVD and/or
the DVD covering do not corespond to the
requirements specified above, it concerns illegal
pirat copy.

Anger and Love have no limits

The problem in the world

today is that people are
used and objects are
loved. We must learn to
love people and use
things, not to treat
people as objects and
objects as people.

Justo Diguez
Budo International: And where does it begin? persons? We worship the "This is mine and it only belongs
Justo Diguez: Like everything in life, it starts with a to me". But what the heck is happening to man?? When
small step; from the romantic and beautiful moment in the person he dreamt of and for whom he drooled has
which you meet her, and all you wish is that she pays you a finally fallen in his network, he's no longer interested in her
little bit of her attention, a look; to be able to greet her and conversation, he can't stand that she grabs his hand... Do
that she smiles at you; to date her and take her out for a you remember when he would have given everything for a
drink, to hear her words, to want to be part of her simple caress from you? Or when he longed to breathe
breathing, to caress her hands like something so beautiful, your breath? Does he feel upset because you give him
it seems that it's just a snare to come to own that person heat? Where has all that immense and intense romanticism
and lock her in the dungeon of our insecurity. gone? Well, most of times it's in the garage in the form of a
This is the greatest contempt and lack of respect that a car.
human being can inflict on the dignity of another person,
and to do so as I said before, there is only one step. B.I.: Does the woman's instinct know?
J.D.: Don't you recognize who you have in front of you?
B.I.: How can you avoid it? Just ask yourself who it is the one that keeps you from
J.D.: You can't. We are a species that needs to hurt being happy ... who makes you doubt everything you do or
others in order to feel fulfilled; yes, we are educated in say, who has made that you don't recognize yourself as a
a superficial way. How on earth can be woman in this life, taking away all the values from you...
aware that within us there is a human who is continuously blackmailing your emotions, the plans
being if we are trained to you try to carry out; your travels, your projects, your
worship the objects friends and your family ... Yes, you know that
instead of respecting person very well, if you close your eyes for a
each other as second you'll see him.

B.I.: Self-esteem, friend or foe?


J.D.: Psychological abuse and fear of physical abuse J.D.: The first step is recognizing what is happening and
cause the loss of those values, and gives way to another that you are allowing it to happen.
no less dangerous and brutal enemy. Do you know who T h e n y o u h a v e t o a l s o re c o g n i z e t h a t y o u a re
I'm talking about? I'm talking about "Low Self-Esteem", in responsible for your life; it's not your sentimental
this case a great enemy, who will keep repeating you all partner, or your family, or your friends; not even the
the time how worthless you are, where you will never circumstances. The only person responsible for almost
reach, what you will never be, and what you won't be able everything that happens to you, and above all, for the
to get or have ... . what you think is what you are. Yes, way you face what you get at every moment is You.
that's the way it is. Such is the abuser's modus operandi, This is great news, because although sometimes we
who manipulates the life of a person to make her fall in the are not able to change the external circumstances,
lower self-esteem, making her live in hell. He makes her nevertheless we always can change the way we react
believe that her life is worth nothing, that she is clumsy, not to them. So set out on the road!, now!, and begin
attractive, that no one will want her and he leaves it there. changing your life.
"Self-esteem" will do the rest of the work. But, here we will
give a twist to Self-Esteem, which is also called so B.I.: Should a woman who has been psychologically
because it is our best ally. My dad told me as a child: abused practice self-defense?
"You can be in this life whatever you want, all you have J.D.: A woman who has been abused doesn't need to
to do is maintaining high your Self-esteem. I learn any self-defense
wanted to be who I am. Who or what do technique, because we are
you want to be? not talking about something
physical, although the final
visual result is physical. Here
B.I.: Can you prevent low self- we are discussing about
esteem? emotional blackmail that
makes a woman loses her dignity and which is most important in a human being -
his or her values.
In Keysi we search something that is hidden, concealed in the depths of the heart
and must be rescued from the clutches of an abuser and this is the values,
values that perhaps this woman and millions of women like her have lost
along their lives, and those values are what we identify with, so in Keysi,
the important thing is regaining the "I", to have dreams again, to know
who we are, where we are and where we go.
And for that we must stop "trying it"; in Keysi we change that word
for "must do it". Commit with yourself so that you feel you have
to do it, plan it and set it in motion; whatever it is, whatever
you wish you can do it; the longest journey begins
with one small step; they have made us believe
that we are incapable; trust yourself because
it's possible to do it, just think about how
you'll feel when you'll get what you
want in your life. If you visualize
yourself, if you really feel it, it will be,
it is inevitable.
Como hemos documentado en los ltimos 6 Come abbiamo documentato negli ultimi 6 anni,
aos, el Kyusho se traduce como Punto Vital" y il Kyusho si traduce come Punto Vitale ed lo
es el estudio de la condicin humana y de su fra- studio della condizione umana e della sua fragilit.
gilidad. Aunque es similar en apariencia a la anti- Bench sia simile in apparenza all'antica
gua Acupuntura y a los mtodos de masaje sobre Agopuntura e ai metodi di massaggio sui punti di
puntos de presin, el mtodo Kyusho tambin pressione, il metodo Kyusho pu t rat tare anche i
puede tratar los problemas inmediatos y hacer problemi immediat i e far spar i re le problematiche
desaparecer las dolencias comunes del cuerpo. comuni del corpo. In pochi secondi possiamo alle-
En segundos podemos empezar a aliviar las viare i disturbi associati al mal di testa, di schiena,
molestias asociadas al dolor de cabeza, de espal- gli stiramenti muscolari e interni, il singhiozzo, l'as-
da, los tirones musculares e internos, el hipo, el ma, la nausea, la congestione nasale e molte altre
asma, las nuseas, la congestin nasal y otras malattie comuni, sia per cause naturali che provo-
muchas enfermedades comunes, tanto por cau- cate. Questi effetti si ottengono rapidamente e in
sas naturales como provocadas. Estos efectos se maniera efficace, senza la necessit di ricorrere a
consiguen rpidamente y de manera eficaz, sin pastiglie o medicine che possono richiedere 20
necesidad de recurrir a pastillas o medicamentos minuti o pi prima di fare effetto e che possono
que puedan tardar 20 minutos o ms en hacer provocare gravi effetti indesiderati in altri organi o
efecto y que pueden provocar graves efectos funzioni corporali. Le ramificazioni sono molto
secundarios en otros rganos o funciones corpo- ampie e crediamo che valga la pena continuare a
rales. Las ramificaciones son muy amplias y cree- investigare ottenendo benefici diretti per la socie-
mos que merece la pena seguir investigando y t. Questo tipo di impostazione olistica risultata
logrando beneficios para la sociedad. Este tipo de efficace per molte migliaia di anni in differenti cul-
enfoque holstico ha resultado eficaz durante ture di tutto il mondo ed ora abbiamo voluto fare il
muchos miles de aos en diferentes culturas de possibile per te. Quando impari questi metodi
todo el mundo y ahora hemos querido hacerlo semplici di Kyusho Primo Soccorso, anche tu
posible para ti. Una vez que aprendas estos mto- potrai aiutare la tua famiglia e i tuoi amici con
dos simples de Kyusho Primeros Auxilios, tu tam- molte di queste patologie comuni cui tutti sono
bin podrs ayudar a tu familia y amigos con affetti. Questo ti servir per avere un breve rias-
muchas de estas dolencias comunes que todos sunto storico di come si svilupparono questi meto-
sufrimos. Esto te servir para tener un breve resu- di e altre possibilit di cura che sono necessarie
men histrico de cmo se desarrollaron estos nel quotidiano. Tuttavia, ovviamente, qui non c' il
mtodos y otras posibilidades de salud que se programma completo, perch i concetti pi pro-
necesitan en el da a da. Sin embargo y como fondi e complessi si riescono a capire solo con le
cabra esperar, aqu no est el programa comple- mani, applicandoli e praticando sotto l'attento
to, pues los conceptos ms profundos y comple- sguardo di un istruttore. La pratica regolare di
jos slo pueden alcanzarse con las manos, apli- questi metodi non aumenter solo le tue abilit
cndolos y practicando bajo la atenta mirada de nell'applicare le formule imparate, ma ti insegner
un instructor. La prctica regular de estos mto- l'applicazione intuitiva di molte altre tecniche di
dos no slo aumentar tus habilidades para apli- salute. Non si dovrebbero considerare formule iso-
car las frmulas aprendidas, sino que te ensear late, bens vie per correggere determinati problemi
la aplicacin intuitiva de muchas otras tcnicas de del corpo umano, basate sui concetti presentati.
salud. No deberan considerarse frmulas aisla- Nei seguenti articoli sul Kyusho Primo Soccorso
das, sino caminos para corregir ciertos problemas vedremo in primo luogo l 'or igine immediata o la
en el cuerpo humano, basados en los conceptos necessi t di curare mol t i problemi quot idiani .
presentados. En los siguientes captulos de Godetevi questo viaggio!
Kyusho Primeros Auxilios veremos primero el ori-
gen inmediato o la necesidad de curar muchos
problemas diarios. Qu disfrutes del viaje!
Comme nous l'avons vu ces six dernires annes, le As we have documented over the past 6 Wie wir in den letzten 6 Jahren dokumentiert haben,
Kyusho se traduit par point vital et est l'tude de la years, Kyusho translates as "Vital Point" bersetzt sich Kyusho als Vitalpunkt, es ist das
condition humaine et de sa fragilit. Bien que similaire and is a study of the human condition and Studium der menschlichen Beschaffenheit und ihre
en apparence l'ancienne acupuncture et aux mtho- it's frailties. Although similar in appearance Zerbrechlichkeit. Auch wenn es dem Anschein nach der
des de massage sur les points de pression, la mthode to the ancient acupuncture and pressure alten Akupunktur und den Massagemethoden auf
Kyusho peut galement traiter les problmes immdiats point massage methods, the Kyusho Druckpunkte hnelt, so kann die Kyusho-Methode
et faire disparatre les douleurs physiques communes. method can also deal with immediacy for doch auch sofort Probleme behandeln und die norma-
En quelques secondes, nous pouvons commencer certain trauma as well as easily rid the body len Leiden des Krpers verschwinden lassen. Innerhalb
soulager les troubles associs aux maux de tte, de of common ailments. Within seconds we von Sekunden knnen wir anfangen, die Beschwerden
dos, les crampes musculaires et internes, le hoquet, canm begin to relax and ease the pain im Zusammenhang mit Kopfweh, Schmerzen der
l'asthme, les nauses, la congestion nasale et de nom- associated with headaches, backaches, Schulter, Muskel- und innere Zerrungen, Schluckauf,
breux autres troubles communs, surgissant aussi bien muscle and internal cramps, hiccups, Asthma, belkeiten, Verstopfung der Nase und vielen
pour des raisons naturelles que provoques. Ces effets asthma, nausea, sinus congestion and so anderen normalen Krankheiten lindern, egal ob sie
sont obtenus rapidement et efficacement, sans avoir many more common maladies both of natrlicher Ursache haben oder hervorgerufen sind.
besoin de faire appel des mdicaments qui peuvent natural causes as well as trauma inflicted. Diese Effekte werden schnell und effizient erreicht, ohne
prendre vingt minutes ou plus faire de l'effet et peu- This is all performed quickly and efficiently auf Pillen oder Medikamente zurckgreifen zu mssen,
vent provoquer de graves effets secondaires sur d'au- without expensive pills or drugs that can die 20 Minuten oder lnger brauchen, um Wirkung zu
tres organes ou fonctions corporelles. Les ramifications take 20 minutes or more to work or have zeigen, und die starke Nebenwirkungen in anderen
sont trs vastes et nous croyons que a vaut la peine de serious side effects on other organs or Organen oder Krperfunktionen haben knnen. Die
continuer la recherche afin d'obtenir des bnfices pour body functions. The ramifications are enor- Verzweigungen sind sehr breit gefchert und wir glau-
la socit. Ce type de point de vue holistique a t effi- mous and we believe to be of such worth ben, dass es der Mhe wert ist, weiter zu forschen und
cace pendant de nombreux milliers d'annes dans dif- for continued research and societal benefit. so Nutzen fr die Gemeinschaft zu erzielen. Dieser Typ
frentes cultures du monde entier et nous avons main- This type of holistic approach has been der holistischen Zielsetzung war ber viele tausend
tenant voulu le rendre possible pour vous. Une fois que effective for many thousands of years in Jahre hinweg und in verschiedenen Kulturen auf der
vous aurez appris ces mthodes simples de Kyusho de cultures throughout the world and we have ganzen Welt wirkungsvoll, aber jetzt wollen wir es
Premiers Secours, vous pourrez galement aider votre added even more possibility and purpose zugnglich machen. Wenn Du einmal diese einfachen
famille et vos amis et soulager beaucoup de ces maux to it for you. Once you learn these simple Kyusho-Methoden der ersten Hilfe gelernt hast, kannst
communs dont nous souffrons tous.Cela vous permet- methods of Kyusho First Aide, you too can auch Du Deiner Familie und Deinen Freunden bei vielen
tra d'avoir un bref rsum historique de la manire dont help your family and friends with many of der gewhnlichen Leiden helfen, unter denen wir alle
ces mthodes se dvelopprent et d'autres possibilits these common ailments we each suffer leiden. Es wird Dir dabei helfen, eine kurze historische
de sant dont nous avons besoin au jour le through. Let this serve as an historical bersicht darber zu erlangen, wie diese Methoden
jour.Cependant, comme on pouvait s'y attendre, le pro- record of how these methods developed und andere Mglichkeiten der Gesundheit, die man Tag
gramme ici n'est pas complet car les concepts les plus and the other health possibilities they hold fr Tag braucht, entstanden sind. Aber wie erwartet liegt
profonds et complexes ne peuvent tre atteint qu'avec for day-to-day living. However it is not the darin nicht das komplette Programm, denn die tiefsten
les mains, en les appliquant et en pratiquant sous le full curriculum, as one would expect, the und komplexesten Konzepte knnen nur ber die
regard attentif d'un instructeur. La pratique rgulire de depth and intricacies can only be conveyed Hnde erzielt werden, indem man sie unter dem auf-
ces mthodes augmentera votre habilet appliquer les with hands on application and practice merksamen Bl ick eines Ausbi lders anwendet und bt
formules apprises, mais encore vous enseignera under the watchful eye of an instructor. The . Das regelmige Ausben dieser Methoden wird nicht
appliquer intuitivement beaucoup d'autres techniques consistent practice of these methods will nur Deine Fhigkeiten wachsenlassen, die gelernten
de sant. Elles ne devraient pas tre considres not only increase your abilities to relieve the Formeln anzuwenden, es wird Dir darber hinaus auch
comme des formules isoles, mais comme des voies practiced formulas, but also instruct you in die intuitive Anwendung vieler anderer Techniken der
pour corriger, certains problmes affectant le corps the intuitive application of many other Gesundheit lehren. Sie sollten nicht als allein stehende
humain, en se basant sur les concepts prsents. Dans health issues. They should not be conside- Formeln betrachtet werden, sondern als Wege, um
les prochains chapitres de Kyusho Premiers Secours, red standalone formulas, but rather ways to gewisse Probleme im menschlichen Krper zu korrigie-
nous verrons d'abord l'origine immdiate de la ncessi- correct certain problems within the human ren, auf der Basis der vorgestellten Konzepte. In den
t de gurir de nombreux problmes quotidiens. Prenez body based on the foundation presented. folgenden Kapiteln von Kyusho - Erste Hilfe werden
plaisir ce voyage ! wir zuerst den unmittelbaren Ursprung der
Notwendigkeit sehen, viele tgliche Probleme zu heilen.
Geniet die Reise!
Wt Universe

Article of the Si-Mo the WTU: Sifu Rosa Ferrante Bannera

Why we call WTU Wing Tsun as a holistic martial art?

Unlike many martial arts styles, and organizations the
WTU Wing Tsun unfolds out of the center.
At the center there are
the forces / interactions that govern the people,
the principles of
dealing with the
forces and
interactions and

the qualities that are

inherent to humans and
refined, sharpened and
networked belong.
This genrates the natural
movement of the body in the
gravitational field of the earth.
Other, conventional Wing Tsun Styles /
organizations are incomplete or
incomplete and motley grocerystore.
Wt Universe
This can be recognized:
permanent search (in other
styles, with other organizations,
exchange with other teachers),
because they know that a little
lacking. This is called
development and research.

A mix together of different

styles, among themselves
contradict each of the
concepts. For example,
Wing Tsun, Escrima,
Grappling, Chi Kung, etc.
This testifies achieved in
humans not unity but
creates confusion and
distraction (which you can
then know achieved also
very clear on the physical
and mental imbalance).
Wt Universe
A still further
swelling in width, to
achieve the greatest
possible mass
(target group). This
does not mean that
everything makes
sense - quite the

That they make

use of other and
adapt to their own
"art" and say that
they had invented
and developed it.
Wt Universe

verification searches on organizations, institutions,

style and foreign teachers of general social
structures to can be legitimized.

Back to WTU: The WTU creates with her movement

lessons new neural networks in the body. There is a
control training and a clearing of old, uneconomical
leading to wear movement patterns. Only then, a man can
begin to move freely and adapt to the situations
at the moment.
Wt Universe

We teach any techniques we improve qualities in people

with our principle-based teaching. We teach the body to
deal with forces and situations in an economical and highly
effective manner. The positive side effect is a very fast
self-defense capability of the people in all areas.
We declutter the most impenetrable tangle of internal and
external conditionings.
Since the WTU practitioner always moves and acts more
naturally, he moves guided by the principles
Wt Universe

without weapons - that is, with his limbs,

with weapons all kinds - Palm Stick, stick, mace, Sax,
knife, Short staff, Staff, Sword, long pole, double knife,
which sees the Wtuler as body extension, which he
integrated into his neural network
on the ground
lying just always.
In the WTU all three centers of man (moving-, thinking- and
feeling-center) are trained. Only then can one speak of a
holistic martial art.
The WTU is a bud that blooms at this time for Rose.

Salve Si-Mo
We are pleased to present the second work of
the KMRED group. This video bearing the name
"Concept and Education" aims to make
you discover a part of the concept
Krav Maga Research, Evolution
and Development, as well as
the pedagogy developed
within our group. The
different exercises that
you will discover here are
not intended to "feast
your eyes" or
demonstrate our
combative attitudes,
because our priority
here is that of
explaining how we
prepare our students so
that they become
"warriors", capable of
"adapting" to the different
evolutions of street fighting.

All DVDs, wichi is produced by Budo International,
si provided and alone in the formats DVD-5 or
MPEG-2, in VCD, DivX or the like is however neves
offered with a special holograma sticker. Besides
our DVD is characteristed coverings by the hig
quality in pressure and material. If this DVD and/or
the DVD covering do not corespond to the
requirements specified above, it concerns illegal
pirat copy.

GM Sewer

A look into
the future
When I talk to my
students and people
outside my school who
follow our career, l am
asked again and again
wher e we ar e heading.
Attentive r eaders know
that one of my biggest
endeavours is to introduce
and maintain structure,
which should secure the
survival and growth of the art.
In this article though, I would
like to go a bit more into detail
and inspire others from the
martial arts scene to think ahead
and to secure their art.
Ever since the famous Shaolin monasteries exams have
been used to test the level of students and to ensure the
quality of the art. Up to this day, how else could it be,
exams are relevant for, in my position, they present an
opportunity to recognise a students potential during
his education and to act accordingly. A long time
SEWER consisted of only one school, it was I
who defined the educational programme
up to the black belt and who put it down
on paper. After many years of
Ever since the famous Shaolin
monasteries exams have been used
to test the level of students and to
ensure the quality of the art.
GM Sewer

Teaching has also

been developed at
my school over the
years and is more
efficient than ever.
from the warm-up
to the theoretical
part at the end of
each lesson.
experience, this educational concept has been improved
and has been developed into what we require from the
student today. And in future we are going to improve it even
more. This year, we are adding further aspects to the
education up to the black belt, such as for example simple
and predefined application exercises, which should help the
student to achieve efficient self-defence more quickly and to
make sure that the black belt is a reliable degree.

Teaching has also been developed at my school over the years and is
more efficient than ever. Everything, from the warm-up to the
theoretical part at the end of each lesson, has its meaning and
purpose and makes the training the valuable teaching that
it is today. In future, in all probability there is going to
be very little change in the teaching per se, as it is, as
I have already mentioned, already very refined.
However, my instructors and I are working
intensely on supporting each instructor even
more by means of tools such as lists or technical
devices in order to professionalize
the management of each branch.
Whereas in the past a students
level used to be recorded in
dozens of heavy books, today we
have access to moder n
technology and computers, which
allow us to run our schools more
efficiently and, perhaps, to even
provide each student with a platform,
on which he or she can log in to
exchange thoughts with other
students and on which he or she can
assess his or her progress.

Shaolin Masters:
My team has been organising the Shaolin Masters
tournament for over 20 years now. At the beginning it was a
mere tournament for children, which has developed into a full-
fledged event with adult, Lei Tai and now also push-hands
categories. Especially the latter should bring us, even more than Lei
Tai, closer to reality, and thus reduce any possibilities of injuries to a
minimum. With this category, we have not only fulfilled one of my sifus
wishes, but we are also going to establish an unprecedented
GM Sewer
category. As a
matter of fact, we have
long since had
electronic support due
to our proven
tournament software.
Again, concerning the
tour nament, we are
intending to implement
more efficient processes
and referee courses. And who
knows, whether we can also make
these successes, together with everything
else, digitally accessible for the student? In any
case, in comparison to other schools and styles, the
Shaolin Masters has great potential and is an
important priority in our plans.

Mega Event:
Initially, my students organised this event
in an effort to celebrate my birthday. Now
the MEGA event, which is highlighted in
each students calendar, has developed
into a big gala evening. In a recent
development, we are not just talking about
one evening. We have extended this
particular Saturday into the afternoon by
organising instructive seminars. Before the
big evening starts, the participants have the
opportunity to get to know our art better at
several small seminars. In future, it is not only
our own instructors who are going to enrich
the seminars in the after noon, but also
external masters who are invited as VIPs to the
Gala dinner. As of yet, I do not want to predict
precisely how the MEGA event is going to
develop exactly. There are, however, many ideas
and plans and if we implement only half of them,
the MEGA event is going to develop into a real
Kung Fu Expo.
GM Sewer
World Kuoshu Federation:
Today, international relationships in the traditional martial arts are more
important than ever. Especially in a field that is based on physical training, it is
important that one meets up in person to exchange ideas on a regular basis. My
instructors and I try to take part in international events of high quality in order to
demonstrate our Kung Fu to the world and to make new friends. My sifu once
said: There is no use being the greatest and strongest, if nobody wants to have
anything to do with you. With this in mind, again and again we try to share our
success with the community and to support our Kung Fu brothers by
participating in events. And who knows, those numerous institutions and
schools, with which our structure is popular, are going to adopt this very
structure one day.

Assistant instructor education and training:

A strong basis is important for the survival of an art like ours, so is to give the
student the possibility of becoming a solid member of the senior instructor team.
Ever since we have always trained particularly eager students to become an
instructor. With the latest adjustments to the educational programme we have
taken one step, which makes it possible for the student to get an excellent
education. At the beginning, I was the only one who could make a living from the
business of the KUNG FU SCHOOL MARTIN SEWER. Today, there are already
the first students who also teach full-time. And this should be possible for every
student. With the new educational programme the student first is a candidate for
assistant instructor, then assistant instructor, then instructor, and finally senior
instructor. Thus, we enable people to fulfil their dream job or vocation and at the
same time we bring our art forward and strengthen it.

To summarise, there is one thing to be emphasised in particular: THE

KUNG FU SCHOOL MARTIN SEWER is already one of the most successful
schools in the martial arts scene or the biggest school in Switzerland as regards
the traditional martial arts, respectively. And yet, as we can see from our projects
and plans, we consider ourselves to be still at the beginning. It might very well be
that my generation wont see it any more. But by means of our students, who are
constantly growing in their numbers, and a team of senior instructors who is
excellently educated, I am convinced that the KUNG FU SCHOOL MARTIN
SEWER has the potential to become one of the biggest martial arts schools in
the world.


SEWER is already one of the most
successful schools in the martial arts
scene or the biggest school in
Switzerland as regards the traditional
martial arts, respectively.


What: 5 days of training, sweating, enjoying, meeting, conducted by GM Andreas Hoffmann in his home and World
Weng Chun HQ in Bamberg Germany. The Camps will focus on Weng Chun Kung Fu for all levels and is open for everyo-
ne. During the camps we have also optional sessions on Vietnam Weng Chun,Sanda,BJJ, and Shaolin Qigong/Philosophy.
You can also join just one or two days. The cost of the camp is just 250 (member)/300 (regular) for 5 days, 1 day 60

When: WENG CHUN SUMMERCAMP 1: Wednesday 3rd - Sunday 7th August 2016, Wednesday 2pm - 7pm,
Thursday/Friday/Saturday 10am-12:30pm, 2:30pm-4:30pm, Sunday 10am-2pm optional sessions extra at evening - this
camp is designed for all levels with the focus on the basic and middle level of weng chun

WENG CHUN SUMMERCAMP 2: Wednesday 10th - Sunday 14th August 2016, Wednesday 2pm - 7pm,
Thursday/Friday/Saturday 10am-12:30pm, 2:30pm-4:30pm, Sunday 10am-2pm optional sessions extra - this camp is
designed for all levels with the focus on the middle and advanced levels of weng chun

Where: Weng Chun Kung Fu HQ, Memmelsdorferstrasse 82 R, 96052 Bamberg, Germany. 5 minutes walk to the trains-
tation and 40 minutes by car or train from Nrnberg/Nuremberg airport.

If you are interested or you like to enlist email
Andreas Hoffmann
International WengChun Association HQ
Weng Chun Kung Fu, Selbstverteidigung, Fitness durch Kampfkunst,
Kinder Kung Fu, Sanda,
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, MMA, Ginastica Naturale
Shaolin Qigong, Shaolin Chan, Tai Chi Chuan, Ba Gua, TCM
address: Memmelsdorferstrasse 82 R, 96052 Bamberg
Konto IBAN DE02 7705 0000 0578 7215 32
Jeet Kune Do

Bruce Lee, Martial Artist and Philosopher

To talk about Jeet Kune Do is a difficult task, but one thing is certain:
there is no Martial Art or combat system that has ever provoked so
much controversy, altering the whole martial community. Rivers of ink
were written, and in spite of the more than forty years that have
elapsed after the death of its creator, it still remains the combat
system that interests to a lot of people in the world. Few people know
that Bruce Lee, after creating his art of total combat, technically
almost perfect, innovative and in tune with the times, provided his
"style no-style" with philosophical principles and concepts linked to the
ancient tradition of the art of Kung Fu, basing himself on many
philosophical schools of thought, such as Confucianism, Buddhism Chan
and Taoism. And it was exactly from the latter that he extracted the
Jeet Kune Do philosophical structure, which is based on individualism,
the pursuit of self-liberation and anti-authoritarianism, values which, in
all honesty, he tried to introduce in the Martial Arts through a project
of his which he called Jeet Kune Do. And that's why it was so critical
with traditionalists, denouncing the prioritization of schools, rigidity and

To talk about Jeet Kune Do is a difficult

task, but one thing is certain: there is no
Martial Art or combat system that has ever
provoked so much controversy,
altering the whole martial community.
Jeet Kune Do

herefore, the JKD derived essentially from the Taoist

philosophy, though it was greatly influenced by the
Western scientific positivism (which resulted in the
scientific conception of training) and the American
practicality in the search for efficiency and economy of
movement. A maxim that characterizes and identifies
the JKD Taoist philosophy is: "Using No-Way as Way, Having No-
Limitation as Limitation". It is a typical Taoist sentence that plays
with contradictions, pairs of opposites, Yin and Yang and
paradoxes, encompassing all in a world of wisdom. The fact that the
pure Taoists were essentially individualistic and liberal, is something
that Bruce Lee reminds and shows through in the first part of his
principle, because when he speaks of the No-Form he refers to the
fact not having links with any institution or system whether fixed,
coded, or predetermined, and therefore with no style or combat
system, since liberation and full personal development is only
determined by oneself, as each individual is unique and
As for the second part of the maxim, Bruce postulates that there's
no need to be limited by traditions, prejudices, dogmas, rituals and
all that can result in crystallization of a system. Many don't know
Bruce Lee the Philosopher, but it is precisely this aspect that made
the JKD a very special system. My encounter with Patrick Strong
(student of Bruce Lee's first generation, called "The Lord of Speed"),
beyond improving my technical skills, he served me of great help as
he took me to learn in depth the philosophical aspects of Jeet Kune
Do, till then unknown to me, showing me how deep had been the
work that Bruce Lee had carried out at a superior level; not by
chance he had learned from his father the Art of Tai Chi (the Art of
the Great Supreme Fist), who started him in the study of classical
alchemical texts, to reach a deep understanding of how the human
body operates at an energetic level (union of body and mind), so
much so that one of his most striking philosophical maxims is his
constant reference to the Water Element.
"Be water, my friend" - "I like water," he would say, emphasizing
the Water Element that, in the reality of things, represents the
foundations and the nature of traditional Kung Fu, wherefrom he
obtained much of his martial philosophical knowledge.
Concepts and principles such as sinking and floating, diving and
emerging, the flowing of a river into the sea, fight without fighting,
working intentionally without intention, the mind no-mind, the Wu
Wuei principle of void, the emptying the cup, etc. As you can see,
his propensity toward Eastern philosophy was an important piece in
the building of his eclectic combat system, and there are few people
who have had this information. I have been fortunate and pleased of
knowing, studying and deepening this knowledge with Patrick
Strong, who learned of Bruce this aspect which probably is the less
known in the world of JKD, but in my opinion the most important.
JKD, my friends, is nothing more than a grouping of elements and
principles extrapolated mainly from Kung Fu and, especially, from
the Wing Chun style of Master Yp Man. Some elements were also
Jeet Kune Do

taken from different disciplines such as Taiji, Tang Lang,

Western Fencing, etc. There is a maxim of the Tao Te Ching,
the Gospel of the Taoism that he was in the habit of reciting:
"When alive, man is flexible, soft; when he is dead is inflexible,
rigid. Even all other creatures, the grass and the trees are
malleable and flexible while living, and dry and crumble when
they are dead. An inflexible rigidity is the companion of death
and the ductile malleability is the companion of life.
Inflexible soldiers do not get the victory; the stiffest tree is
the one most ready for the ax. The strong and the powerful fall
from their sites; and the humble and the submissive are raised
over all of them." The way of moving and handling the body in
Kung Fu is closely related to the movement of the mind. "Mind
that moves, body that thinks" is the deep meaning of the
internal process used in Jeet Kune Do. The references to Yin
and Yang, the Taoist universal principles that Bruce Lee
extrapolated from the Taiji and that he had thoroughly studied
with his father, accompanied him throughout his life, giving
him the adequate energy to confront the route of his brief but
tortuous and tormented life.
The Yang principle (represented by the white color) is the
positive, the day, the sky, the sun, the luminosity, the heat,
etc., while the Yin principle is the negative, the night, the
darkness, the coldness and so on. Bruce Lee had perfectly
understood the way these universal laws regulated and
balanced the body, and he knew how to use them wisely. And
here again resurfaces the Water Element, which for the
development of Bruce Lee's JKD was essential; water, my
friends, is the natural phenomenon which is closer to Wu Wei:
Nothing is weaker than water. But when it attacks something
hard and that opposes resistance, then nothing can withstand
water, and nothing will modify his/her course. These verses
explain to us the nature of the water, that being so light, you
cannot grab it, if you cut it you don't hurt it, if you hit it you can
do no evil, if you try to separate it will never divide; it doesn't
have a specific form but it adjusts to its containers; it
manifests itself as powerful and impetuous as Niagara Falls
and then stays calm in a pond; to my notice, the dominant
element of the universe is undoubtedly Water. "In the
interception defend yourself, control and attack in unison,
turning your body into an unstoppable tsunami."
Hwa Rang Do

The Roots
A legacy of Loyalty, Relentlessly
seeking Truth, Empowering Lives,
Serving Humanity

Hwa Rang Do Grandmaster

Taejoon Lee (8 dan &
President of the World Hwa
Rang Do Association)
reflections about the roots of
our problems and the
relationship between them and
the concept of meaning in
what we do and want:
I have been teaching now for
over 35 years and have taught
tens of thousands of people all
over the world. In the process,
I have come to know my
students personally as they
have confided in me with many
of their struggles in life. What
I have come to understand
now is that all of them think
that their problems were
unique and the most common
rhetoric from people when you
try to advice them is, how do
you know when you have not
lived my life, walked in my
shoes, etc.
And however great or small the
magnitude of their pain,
they all suffer the same.
Whether the scale of ones
experience is small or great, one
can only perceive the world from
their perception and no one elses

However, in listening to so many

people, what I find is that most of their
problems have common roots. Although
they vary in the look and feel, in the
sequence of events, in the differences of
circumstances, but all arising from the
same foundational problems. And
however great or small the magnitude of
their pain, they all suffer the same.
Whether the scale of ones experience is
small or great, one can only perceive the
world from their perception and no one
elses. In the discussion of pain, if the
extent of a persons experience is only the
pain caused from being struck by a pencil,
then they cannot know the pain caused by
being struck by a car. And, when one
argues that theres no comparison in the
pain caused from a pencil from the pain
caused by an impact from a car, what we
discover is that pain is still pain and its
very personal.
Foundationally, it is the question of
meaning, of purpose and this has
remained same all through the ages as
man came to acquire, intellect,
knowledge, since Adam & Eve ate the fruit
from the forbidden tree of knowledge. As I
Therefore, the answer does not lie in
what we can see and what is apparent;
the truth lies in what is not visible or
apparent, in the immaterial, in the
ethereal, in consciousness, in what is
harder to acquire
Hwa Rang Do

have said, in order to change and transform

a tree, what do you do? If you only focus
on what you see and what is apparent then
you would have to touch, change, transform
every branch, every leaf, every flower, every
petal. However, there is a way you can
transform the entire tree by addressing only
one thing the roots. When you change
what you put through the roots is how you
can transform the entire tree in one shot, so
to speak. As Einstein has said, The
definition of insanity is doing the same thing
over and over again, but expecting different
results. Therefore, the answer does not lie
in what we can see and what is apparent;
the truth lies in what is not visible or
apparent, in the immaterial, in the ethereal,
in consciousness, in what is harder to

About the author: Hwa Rang Do Head

Instructor, Lieutenant Colonel of the Italian
Military Police Force (Carabinieri) and
Engineer, Marco Mattiucci is the Chief of the
EU Branches of the World Hwa Rang Do
Association and one of the main followers of
Grandmaster Taejoon Lee.
Before I go in detail about Frank Sanchezs art and organization, I first want to take
you down my personal memory lane when I was a young military enlisted service mem-
ber with previous martial arts experience in Karate and a 2nd dan in Tae Kwon Do. I
thought my training was strong enough to allow me to effectively defend myself
against a viable attacker. It was 1996 when I met Frank Sanchez at the local tax
collectors office in Jacksonville, Florida. Frank Sanchez was the attendant assisting
me when I noticed a brochure and business card slightly behind him on a counter.
Asking for one and reading it while he was assisting me I realized it was a San-Jitsu
brochure with his picture on it. I said to him wow, this is you. Humbly and with a
smile he replied, yes, its me.

By Chris Marquez
sking to come visit his

dojo, I showed up the
next week in my
dobok, 2nd dan belt
and spouting all about
what I knew and how
hard I train. If you cant tell by now I
was more than full of myself as I
looked around the room at the lower
colored rank belts thinking I was
going to show them up. Mr.
Sanchez graciously allowed me to
step on the mat and train with his
Then came the sparring; Not
only was I out-classed by his lower
rank San-Jitsu students, but I was
tho ro ug hly humbled as I was
literally picked out of the air and
wrapped up like a pretzel in a few
quick s eco nds . It was at that
mo ment t hat I realiz ed I was
missing this critical component of
my martial arts training. Taking my
black belt off I respectfully asked
permission to be accepted as one
of his students. Starting over as a
whit e belt in S an-Jits u was a
pivotal moment in my martial arts
life. Now the real work began in
my physical, mental and emotional
t raining . I als o lear ned abo ut
bushido and the real meaning of
the way of the warrior. The years
following in San-Jitsu were where I
was fo rg ed into a fo rmidable
martial artist under the tutelage of
Frank Sanchez.
San-Jitsu was created by Frank
Sanchez, a 68 year old native of
the U.S. territory of Guam in 1971
based on his martial arts training
and experiences in various arts. It
was also officially recognized by
Guams Legislature as Guams first
international martial art system on
April 21, 2016 of this year. Mr.
Sanchez holds black belts in Ju-
Jitsu, Judo, Karate and a red sash
in Jing Jo w P ai K ung -F u.
Additional elements of his training
included boxing and wrestling.
Us ing all o f thes e v aried
experiences, skills and knowledge
he created one of the more brutal
Ju-Jitsu systems practiced today.
Some of his notable instructors
include the late Professor Siegfried
K ufferath o f the K o denkan
Danz an-Ry u Ju-Jit s u s y s tem,
Yasutoshi Moon Watanabe, former
Hawaiian Sumo and Judo Champion,
and lastly but not least his Father,
Francisco Sanchez who was a Pacific
Naval Fleet Boxer.
What makes San-Jitsu interesting is
the use of rolls in destructive finishing
moves and the approach that San-Jitsu
practitioners have grown to know and
appreciate of over kill or over skill.
Most Ju-Jitsu systems train with the one
on one enemy on the ground factor in
mind. Mr. Sanchez believes that San-
Jitsu practitioners need to train for the
quick and immediate stop of the
attacker(s) while preparing for the next
one. This facet of training has been
criticized by some as unrealistic.
Regardless of opposing views, it is
preferable to train in this manner and give
yourself a fighting chance than not
training in this manner at all and having
no chance of survival should a
practitioner encounter the multiple attack
situation. As mentioned previously,
getting ready for the next attacker is the
underlying reason for the over kill
approach. San-Jitsu practitioners are
trained to not give the attacker a second
chance to recover and be wiser. Using
destructive finishes such as bone
breaking, joint dislocation and tissue
tearing are one of several ways to deter
attackers and hopefully discourage on
lookers from jumping into gang style
If you have ever seen Mr. Sanchez
demo his techniques at any of the
hundreds of worldwide venues he has
been to, it is a real treat. Most effort to leading and expanding the organization. Members seek to be
onlookers silently wonder how this organization. Currently, there are part of the organization because of
little guy is going to take the bigger nearly 300 elite members of the high standards set and the
guy down. Seconds later, it becomes Grandmasters and Masters and mission as noted on WHFSC.COM
apparent that he is not at any growing yearly. The membership Unlike other organizations, there are
disadvantage. The techniques he process is stringent and is reviewed no membership dues. The WORLD
uses are effective against a variety of thoroughly by a Board of highly HEAD OF FAMILY SOKESHIP
attackers; size does not matter much regarded Grandmaster advisors and COUNCIL grants membership solely
when you understand the universal Frank Sanchez himself. The by invitation or sponsorship only.
truths about points of vulnerability of organization and its yearly event The main purpose of the Council's
the human body. San-Jitsu have gained the attention of martial focus is to bring communication
practitioners specifically train to arts publishers on an international between the different systems
capitalize on these points of level. Held yearly at various through its grandmasters and
vulnerability. Frank Sanchez invested venues, the event draws martial arts proliferate the growth of the martial
45 years training martial arts practitioners from around the world arts through its programs. The World
practitioners in the art of San-Jitsu. who partake in two days of Head of Family Sokeship Council will
Today, internationally recognized and seminars led by a host of celebrate its 25th anniversary year in
practiced, there are San-Jitsu Grandmasters and Masters that existence in 2017. This event will
practitioners in the United States, could very well make up the whos mark an historic moment in time with
Germany, Portugal, Poland, Sri who list in the industry. Concluding special guests and a wealth of
Lanka and growing. Seeing the the event with an awards banquet knowledge shared during its
success of his growing martial art on the last day, guests are treated seminars. More information on San-
system, what did Mr. Sanchez see as to resort style cuisine and of course jitsu Ryu and the World Head of
his next vision? Creating the first and the entertainment is conducted by Family Sokeship Council can be
most elite organization of various students of organizational obtained by visiting www. San-
inter nationally recognized members who share their various and .
Grandmasters and Masters of talents. Every event is an SIDE BAR:
course; known as the World Head of unforgettable moment in time. Shihan Chris Marquez is a San-
Family Sokeship Council. What is unique about the World Jitsu practitioner with over 37 years
The World Head of Family Head of Family Sokeship Council of martial arts training and teaching
Sokeship Council, founded by event is how successfully Frank experience. Nearly two decades of
Frank E. Sanchez, is Americas first Sanchez brings like-minded his martial arts career have been
and most elite council of practitioners from varied dedicated toward the expansion of
Grandmasters and Masters from backgrounds, styles and systems San-Jitsu under the direction of
various martial arts systems that into one location sharing internationally known Grandmaster
expands around the world from six information and techniques in the Frank E. Sanchez. Further
continents. Formed in 1992 in the spirit of martial brotherhood. information can be obtained by e-
United States, Frank Sanchez Mr. Sanchez does not pay mailng Shihan Marquez at:
continues to dedicate his time and anyone to become a part of the
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu


The Origins and Development of Jiu-Jitsu

2016 Franco Vacirca, Sandra Nagel

The rise of the Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu

Even if we assume that the Kodokan group with the

masters Tokugoro Ito, Mitsuyo Maeda, Shutaro Ono
and Nobushiro Satake arrived in Manaus already in
1914, the first official Jiu-Jitsu/Judo school in Sao
Paulo was not until 1918, founded through Master
Sada Miyake and Master Takaharu Saigo.
Eleven years later, in 1929 also in Sao Paulo,
another Japanese master, Geo Omori, founded his
Jiu-Jitsu school, which also laid the first
milestone for the Brazilian style of this
fighting method. Some local sources claim
that Master Omori was a pupil of the
masters Miyake and Saigo, others
claim that he came from the
Kodokan Institute in Tokyo, however
I believe that it will be quiet
difficult to confirm either stories
after so many years. During that
past time, most Dojos could be
found in the backyar ds of a
house, but Master Omori was
one of the first to set up a
professional Jiu-Jitsu Academy
in his new homeland.
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

arlos Gracie first contact with Jiu-Jitsu
was when he became the assistant of
Master Donato Pires dos Reis, a police
officer and self-defense instructors, who
in turn had learned the "Arte Suave"
personally under master Mitsuyo Maeda. At that time
Master Pires was the Jiu-Jitsu representative at the
special police and Carlos Gracie was to become
interested in one of the first coach course taught by
Master Pires, where Carlos Gracie entered and
successfully completed the three-month course
under Master Pires in 1928/29 in Belo Horizonte.
In April 1929 young Carlos Gracie, living again with
his family in Sao Paulo, after he had spent during
three months alone in Belo Horizonte, he had applied
for the job to teach self-defense at the "Guardia Civil"
which was under the direction of Master Geo Omori.
But these positions were occupied mainly by
Japanese Jiu-Jitsu masters or other experts mainly
from abroad. When interviewed by the head of the
police special forces, Carlos tried to give to
understand that he had learned Jiu-Jitsu under
various (Japanese) masters, but he had learned from
Master Pires, so his application was refused. Master
Omori, who was impressed by the young Brazilian
and its Jiu-Jitsu ability, he tried to help the young
Gracie, but the job was awarded to a Swedish expert
with more teaching experience and excellent
contacts to the commander in charge.
Geo Omori regretted this decision and saw in the
young Gracie much potential, so Omori offered to
Carlos a prearranged fight so that he could show to a
large audience his Jiu-Jitsu skills. Between the two, it
was agreed that no one should win, but that the fight
should end with a clear draw. That was finally the
chance which Carlos Gracie could use to bring his
Jiu-Jitsu career ahead. But Carlos father Gasto
Gracie wanted to see his son to win that fight. But
since Master Omori was a very skilled and
experienced fighter, and with his offer he wanted only
to help the young Gracie, the agreement was not
changed. But there was also another problem,
because until that moment Carlos had no real fighting
experience in the Ring. He had learned only the self-
defense techniques of Jiu-Jitsu, but never for a ring
fight. So Omori had to prepare him also well for this
fight. Along with Carlos also the younger brother
George Gracie (also sometimes spelled Jorge) joined
the training. George was a few years younger than
Carlos, but the Japanese master discovered very
soon that he (George) had all the qualities to become
a great fighter.
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

At the age of 28 years, with no previous combat

experience, Carlos walk in the Ring on January 5,
1930 for his fighting debut against his new master
Omori. That same evening, George joined also in the
ring to fight a well experienced boxer named John
Tones; this fight was not pre-arranged. The Jiu-Jitsu
fight between the champion Omori and Carlos Gracie
ended with a draw. But George Gracie made an
incredible fight against the well-prepared boxer and
won his debut in the Vale-Tudo Arena.
Shortly thereafter and in the same year (1930)
Master Donato Pires made to the two Gracie
Brothers, Carlos and George, an offer. Since he got a
new instructor position in Rio de Janeiro and in the
same time Master Pires used the possibility of
opening his own school, Carlos and George would
now be able to help him as his assistants in Rio de
Pires school was at that time the second official
Jiu-Jitsu school in Rio de Janeiro, since the first was
opened by Master Angenor Moreira Sempaio, a
student of Master Sada Miyake from Sao Paulo, in
the year 1925.
Master Sempaio was already quite famous with his
Jiu-Jitsu school and successfully led the training
division of the "Guarda Civil" in Rio de Janeiro;
unfortunately he died at a young age on August 8,
1962 in his city.
Master Pires reputation as Jiu-Jitsu teacher and his
connections to the local police in Rio de Janeiro was
well known, so that local media reported heavily on
the opening of his Jiu-Jitsu school back then.
A year later, on June 27, 1931, Master Pires again
receives another offer and traveled to Santa Caterina.
This was the chance for the Gracies, to start their
own school at Rua Marquez de Abrantes 106, in the
district of Flamengo, in Rio de Janeiro.
Still very impressed by George Gracie's fighting
spirit master Geo Omori decides to offer to the young
Gracie a fight against him. On April 10, 1933, finally
both where ready to face each other in an official
fighting ring. Many newspapers reported on it,
including the "Journal A Noite": Both athletes fought
that night over 80 minutes against each other and at
the end there was no clear winner. On the next day,
the newspapers wrote that Jiu-Jitsu was no longer
only Japanese, since the Brazilian (George) who
learned the fighting style in his homeland, was good
as the master itself.
The youngest brother of Carlos, Hlio Gracie, who
now also was strongly involved with Jiu-Jitsu, had his
fight debut, based on the information I have, in 1932
and had a total of 19 reported fighting until 1955, with
the final battle against his own former student
Waldemar Santana.
But George Gracie, unfortunately de Janeiro at the Gracie school was the fight. I always had the feeling that
only a few know today, had managed send to fight him in the ring. During this particular event had changed his
an incredible fight record of 40 fights various conversations with Professor relationship with the Gracies, of
in the ring; his fighting carrier begun in Pedro regarding this event, he told me course he (Hemetrio) until his death
1930 against the boxer Tohannes and that this fight was his biggest and followed the teachings of his master
ended in 1950 against Hlio Gracie's most difficult task in Jiu-Jitsu. But I Hlio Gracie and respected also all his
best pupil Pedro Hemetrio (my Jiu- also understood that he was not only decisions. These are the fights of
Jitsu teacher) taking place in Sao referring to the physical challenge, Grandmaster Hlio Gracie, or at
Paulo. To my knowledge, they wanted because George was very well least the ones I know:
to send a clear message to George prepared, but also on the emotional 1932: wins over Antonio Portugal
Gracie, since he owned his and mental, because to fight against 1932: draw against Takashi Namiki
independent Jiu-Jitsu school in Sao the brother of his own teacher, was 1932: draw against Fred Ebert
Paulo. At that time Master Pedro certainly not an easy thing, 1934: draw against Wladislaw
Hemetrio who was teaching in Rio independently if he would win or lose Zbysko
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

1934: wins over Miyake, not Taro Miyake but a student of the Ono brothers!
1935: wins over Orlando Dudu Americo da Silva
1935: draw against Yassuiti Ono
1936: draw against Takeo Yano
1936: wins over Massagoichi
1936: draw against Yassuiti Ono
1937: loses against Orlando Dudu Americo da Silva
1937: wins over Erwin Klausner
1937: wins over Espingarda
1950: wins over Landulfo Caribe
1950: wins over Azevedo Maia
1951: draw against Kato, match
break after 30 minutes
1951: wins over Kato
1951: loses against Masahiko
1955: loses against Waldemar

And as follow this was the Fight

record of Master George Gracie:
1930: wins over Johannes
1931: wins over Coronel
1931: wins over Jaime Ferreira
1931: wins over Mario Alexio
1933: draw against Geo Omori
(Jiu-Jitsu match)
1933: wins over Tito Soledade
1933: wins over Manuel
1933: draw against Geo Omori
(Vale-Tudo match)
1934: draw against Orlando
Dudu Americo da Silva
1934: wins over Shigeo
1934: wins over Jack Conley
1934: loses against Wladek
1935: wins over Ary Martins
1935: draw against Takeo Yano
1936: wins over Geroncio
1936: wins over Roberto
1937: draw against Orlando
Dudu Americo da Silva
1937: loses against Yassuiti Ono
1937: wins over Naoti Ono
1937: loses against Grillo
1937: wins over Grillo, Rematch
1938: loses against Jack Russel
1938: wins over Jack Russel, Rematch
1938: wins over Campbell
1938: wins
over Takeo
1938: loses
against Takeo
1939: wins
over Naoti Ono
1939: loses against Roberto Ruhmann
1939: wins over Benedicto Perez
1939: wins over Fritz Weber
1939: draw against Takeo Yano
1939: draw against Takeo Yano, Rematch
1940: draw against Takeo Yano, 2. Rematch (match-break after 1 hour)
1940: wins over Fritz Weber
1940: wins over Budip
1940: wins over Naoti Ono open to the public even today. In the 60s,
1942: loses against Mestre Tatu Carlos Gracie came again before a court,
1948: wins over Oka this time it was a matter that he allegedly, it
1948: wins over Oka, Rematch described the doctor Oscar Santa Maria, the
1950: loses against Pedro Hemetrio applicant and former student of Carlos that
(Jiu-Jitsu match) he had stolen more than 400-thousand CR$.
The doctor also claimed later in court that he
Around 1941 the Gracies in Rio de Janeiro was the real owner of the building of the Jiu-
had a big crisis. It is said that Master Hlio Jitsu school. During this time, different
had now alone to take care of the school in stories came to the very harm the image of
Rio. Carlos had to move away from Rio de the Gracies, including reporting on the
Janeiro, because he had come into conflict "true" story of the so-called Gracie Diet.
with the law, and only eight years later made M a n y n e w s p a p e r s , w h i c h a re a v a i l a b l e
it back. Several national and local today, reported extensively that Carlos
newspapers reported on this case, which are Gracie supposedly had a "secret master"
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu

that he met who lived in Peru. It was also Jitsu Championships, in August 1959, where more
mentioned that it was this mysterious master who than 800 (!!) young athletes at the 21st Jiu-Jitsu Cup
gave Carlos new life knowledge, but on the end, it where competing.
turned out that no one had ever seen this mystical Another expert, who was also well represented in
master. Furthermore, reported the journalists that the 50's in Rio de Janeiro, as well as in other South
Carlos had copied a book about nutrition and that American countries has been very active, Master
he sold it as the "Gracie Diet", although it from a Oswaldo Fadda, a high graduated students from Luiz
(Argentine) nutrition expert named J.P. Dourado; all Frana Lineage, which in turn was formed by Grand
this and much more has been reported, among Master Mitsuyo Maeda personally. Many of Fadda
other things in the daily newspaper "O Diario" on students came from the military and the police, and
November 5 1963. when he retired, even after several years of military
"Brazilian" Jiu-Jitsu was never a "business" of only service, he founded his own Jiu-Jitsu school, which
one family, even if it was marketed in the late 90s like emerged in the late 30s in the northern part of Rio de
that. Since there was virtually only one source Janeiro. Thanks to his incredible efforts, Jiu-Jitsu was
numerous Martial Arts magazines in the U.S. and also available in the northern part of the city, where
Europe copied each other. Yes, even I thought that more poor people where living. Master Fadda also
this was really the true story. Important schools from developed a special teaching program for people with
Japan such as the famous BUDOKAN established in physical disabilities. Finally newspapers and
various countries and cities, around the world, to magazines around Brazil started to report on the
promote Judo and Jiu-Jitsu for many years before, the positive site of Jiu-Jitsu, and not only after fights and
name "Brazilian" Jiu-Jitsu became known. In the late championships.
50s the BUDOKAN also founded schools in Rio de
Janeiro and Sao Paulo. Master Augusto Cordeiro was Franco Vacirca
one of the leading experts at that time organizing Jiu-
In this DVD, G.M. Larry Tatum (10th Dan) develops
techniques of the Kenpo program at the highest level.
Particularly, some of his favorites like Flashing
Mace, Parting Wings, Entwined Lance
Masterfully executed and based on the
experience of the movement, G.M.
Tatum incorporates his innovative
teachings in these techniques that
will help you add and
complement your training in
the Kenpo system. Besides,
they provide the individual
with the best choice for self-
defense, based on the
logical and practical
thinking, and place him in
the path of understanding
the art of Kenpo. These are
the self-defense and
fighting systems of the
modern times we live in.
They are designed so that the
practitioner gets all the
benefits that training these
techniques can provide. This DVD
has the support of Master Adolfo
Luelmo (9th Dan), who goes on with a
series of techniques performed in a
smooth and strong way, for situations of
extreme aggression, in which can be appreciated
different states of the movement, in a logical and
effective way. As a conclusion, Master Camacho Assisi
(8th Dan), displays a technique that combines the
strength of the arms and his expertise with legs.


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