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40 3 Vol 40 No 3

2015 3 JOUNAL OF CHINA COAL SOCIETY Mar 2015

BB J 40 3 487 493 doi 10 13225 / j cnki jccs 2015 0278


2015
Wang JiachenZhang Jinwang BB study of top-coal drawing law in longwall top-coal caving miningJ Journal of China Coal Society
40 3 487 493 doi 10 13225 / j cnki jccs 2015 0278
2015

BB

1
2 1
2

1 100083 2 100083

PFC
BB

3





TD82 A 0253 9993 2015 03 0487 07

BB study of top-coal drawing law in longwall top-coal caving mining


WANG Jia-chen12 ZHANG Jin-wang12
1 School of esource and Safety EngineeringChina University of Mining and Technology Beijing Beijing 100083China 2 State Key Laboratory of Coal
esources and Safe MiningChina University of Mining and Technology Beijing Beijing 100083China

Abstract With self-developed similar simulation test device and particle flow code PFC the BB research system
in which the boundary of top-coaldrawing bodyrecovery ratio and rock mixed ratio of top-coal were studied as a
wholewas established by systematic research on the top-coal drawing law in longwall top-coal caving mining The
shape of the boundary of top-coal affected by the existence and movement of shied support was analyzed and the meth-
od of fitting the boundary curve by parabola was proposed The developing process of drawing body can be divided into
three stages incomplete development stagebasically mature stage and mature stage The front part of the drawing body
develops faster than any other part because of the influence of shield beam and it is always beyond the ellipsoid area
The drawing body of top-coal is a non-standard ellipsoid cut by the shield beamwhich can be defined as cut-variation
ellipsoid To improve the recovery ratio and reduce the rock mixed ratio of top-coalthe overlap area between the draw-
ing body and the boundary of top-coal should be expanded as much as possiblewhich can be realized by selecting rea-
sonable drawing technology parameters and controlling the shape of the boundary of top-coal Top-coals to be drawn are
in the distressed zone under the pressure arch between the rock in gob and the canopy of shield supportand it is easy
for the top-coals around the drawing opening to form arches
Key words longwall top-coal caving mining drawing body of top-coal cut-variation ellipsoid boundary of top-coal re-
covery ratio

2015 02 28
U1361209 973 2013CB227903
1963 Tel 010 62339061E mail wangjiachen@ vip sina com
488 2015 40


2
20 3
1
b










1 7

8 9
1
Fig. 1 Shape of the boundary of top-coal after the
drawing similar simulation
1. 2 BB
BB
10 11




1 7
4
5


5
7 912
4

6
B Boundary of
Top-Coal
B Drawing Body of Top-Coal
ecovery atio of Top-Coal
1 BB
ock Mixed atio of Top-Coal
1. 1 2
4


2 a
1
1

1 a
3 BB 489

2 a

2 b c
2 d 1
b
2 a

2 BB
Fig. 2 elationship of different factors in BB system numerical simulation

2 c


12




1
5 6
34

3
Fig. 3 Shape of the boundary of top-coal in different drawing intervals similar simulation
2
1 2 y 13. 47 = 55. 56 x 11. 9 2
2
1 2 = 0. 936 6
y 3. 07 2 = 4. 65 x 25. 65 3
2 2
= 0. 962 3 1 2 = 0. 976 2
y 13. 82 2 = 52. 63 x 7. 21 1 y 2. 89 2 = 5. 38 x 27. 27 4
2
= 0. 968 2 1 4
490 2015 40

4 3 m
Fig. 4 Shape of the boundary of top-coal in different top-coal thicknesses numerical simulation


5 1 3

3
3



13 14

5 a b

5
Fig. 5 Developing process of the drawing body

2 A B
5 c d


5 c d 0. 4 0. 5 0. 3
3 BB 491

0. 6 0. 7 0. 7

6 8
Fig. 6 Velocity field of top-coal Fig. 8 Multiple drawing body while drawing
at intervals
5
a d

5 e g

9
= /
!100% =
/ !100%
7 = / !
Fig. 7 Cut-variation ellipsoid
100%
2 50%
B 2% 70%
A 11%
80% 15%
88% 2 c
5 e g
8
5 f g
8 5
1
8 a 1
35 2
1
8 b
4
2

4


5 B
492 2015 40








5
7 9 15
12

9

Fig. 9 elationship between recovery ratio and rock
mixed ratio of top-coal numerical simulation

10
16
10 a



10 b

10
Fig. 10 Developing of chain force during the drawing process


5

1 4

BB

2


3
1 M

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