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21 3 21(3)309313

2002 3 Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering March2002

*

(() 100083)

8911


57 m


TD 823.4+9TD 313+.1 A 1000-6915(2002)03-0309-05


[4 5] FLAC3D
1
[6 8] 8911





2

4 [1 3]
3











8911

2000 4 6 2000 8 4
* (19902019)(59734090)
33 1990

310 2002

1
Table 1 Mechanical parameters of rocks in the model


/kgm-3 /MPa /MPa /MPa /() /MPa
2 500 22 000 0.22 103 13 24 18.4

1 300 3 100 0.30 37 1.2 35 5.2


2 600 46 000 0.23 90 12 31 23.4

2 600 46 000 0.23 108 12 31 23.4

1 300 3 100 0.30 30 1.0 35 5.2

300300 150 m
8911
7.5 m f = 3.7 (
1) 60 500
2 m 30 m
150 m
650 m
5
1

-(Hoek-Brown) Fig.1 Elemental mesh of numerical model


s = 3 + ( m c 3 + s c2 ) 1 / 2 (1)

s 3

c ms

-(Hoek-Brown)

( 2)

E
E

= 1.6 + 800(1 e 1.25 t ) ( g /cm3 ) (2)


E = 15 + 175(1 e 1.25 t ) (MPa ) (3)
= 0.05 + 0.2(1 e 1.25 t
) (4) 2 -
Fig.2 The stress-strain curve of rock with softening
t a E characteristics

30
MN/m
21 3 . 311

3
Fig.3 Numerical model along mining direction

(a) (b) (c)

4
Fig.4 Numerical results of the model in the set-up room

12 m
3 N


3 5


57 m ( 5(a))
2





4


12 m
312 2002

(a) (b) (c)

5
Fig.5 Numerical results of the model with normal advance of workface

6 m 2

2
(1) Table 2 Comparison between numerical results and the
data measured in situ
/m /MPa /MPa
(2) 57 m 1 9.4 5.7
3 12.3 13.5
57 m
5 15.6 16.4
57 m 7 14.5 15.4
6 m 9 12.4 13.3
(3) 15 11.7 12.5
23 9.5 10.3

35 8.7 8.9
44 8.2 8.6



(1)
12 m FLAC

(2)


40% 6
(3)

23 m

(
) 4
5

()
21 3 . 313

(a) (b) (c)

6
Fig.6 Numerical results of the model during mining with blast weakening of top coal


8911

1 . [J].
(1) FLAC 199615(2)155162
2 . [M]. 1988
3 . [J].
(2) 199624(11)3942
4 . [

][D]. 1997

5 . [J].

199312(1)4247

(3) 6 . FLAC

[J]. 199918(4)397401

7 . FLAC-3D
57 m
[J]. 200120(1)610

8 . FLAC [J].
6 m
200120( 2)1 5181 522

NUMERICAL SIMULATION ON THREE DIMENSIONAL


DEFORMATION AND FAILURE OF TOP COAL CAVING

Chen ZhonghuiXie HepingWang Jiachen


(Institute of Rock Mechanics and FractalChina University of Mining and Technology (Beijing)Beijing 100083 China)

Abstract Based on the whole sub-level caving process with deformation and failure of coalthe activities of top
coal and the roof are analyzed by using FLAC softwareand the three dimensional stressdeformation and failure are
getten clear. The results show that top coal is difficult to be fragmented under the supporting pressure because of the
higher strength of coaland must be weakened to increase recovery rate. There are zoned characteristics for top coal
failure. The top coal begins to move in the site of the peak supporting pressure with 57m before coal wall.
Key words sub-level caving miningnumerical simulationdeformation and failure