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0 ) :
C 1 , C2 P 1 , P 2 , kPa ;
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f 1 , f 2 P 1 , P 2 ;
(1) , t , S 1 , S 2 P 1 , P 2 ,
, C 0 ( m2
30 Coal 1/ 2000
(3) 1.5 m , 1.
0 m , 0.5 m , 0.25 m , a 1 a 2 h
F z/ Q 1
1.2.1 , ,
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, C1 =C 2 =150 kPa , f 1 =f 2 = F h , F z (F z/ Q ),
0.75 ,
1 =2 =53,

1 =2 =85, , , ,
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80

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1 =53
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90,
C1 =C2 =150 kPa , f 1 =f 2 =0.75 P 2
1 F z / Q

a 1 =0.6 m , a 2 =0.8 m , h =0.8 m , 3


Q 1 =320 kN , Q 2 =5.376 kN , Q =325.376 kN 3 : P 1 , P 2

1 =
2 =53, F z 1 2 (
1 =2 =90
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2
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48Q ,
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(
=0)
h =0.8 m , a 1 =0.6 m , a 2 =0. 8 m ,
(1 2) ,
Q =325 kN P 1 ,

3 P 2 (2) F z

2/( ) 0 2 4 6 8 88 90
1 2 =90
F z/ Q 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48
2/(
) 0 38 40 72 74 84 86 90
1 2 =85
F z/ Q 0.35 0.34 0.33 0.32
2/(
) 0 18 20 32 34 42 44 48 50 54 56 60 62 90
1 2 =75
F z/ Q 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 0

9 1 31
4 P 1 (1) F z
1/(
) 0 2 4 6 8 88 90
1 2 =90
F z/ Q 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.48
1/(
) 0 24 26 58 60 70 72 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90
1 2 =85
F z/ Q 0.35 0.34 0.33 0.32 0.31 0.30 0.29 0.28 0.27
1/(
) 0 4 6 18 20 28 30 34 36 40 42 48 >48
1 2 =75
F z/ Q 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 0

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Study on Crack Distribution and Its Influence on Caving


Roof -Fall in Fully -Mechanized Mining Working Face

ZHANG Yao-rong1 , HAN Wu-xue1 , L IN Jin-bin2 , ZHAO Chuan-xing 3 , ZHAO He-ping 4


(1 .
T aiyuan Branch of Central Coal Research Institute , Taiyuan 030006, China ;2 .
Zhangcun Coal Mine , L uAn Coal Mining
Bureau , Changzhi 046032, China ;3 .
Xiaoy u Coal Mine , Shuozhou 038500 , China ;4.L uliang Co of Huajin Coke Company ,
Lishi 033000, China)

Abstract :
T his paper analyzes the inf luence of crack dist ribution g roups , distance , tilting ang le , position and devel-
opment degree on caving roof -fall , and proposes the best m at ch betw een w orking face arrangement and crack
distribution , enabling to im prove caving roof -fall .
full -mechanized mining w orking face ;crack dist ribution ;caving roof -fall
Key words:

48 Coal 1/ 2000