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A Wide Range of Applications,

Earth Pressure
Balanced Shields from Soft to Water-Bearing Degraded
Gravel Strata

Earth pressure balanced shield Features Automatic tunnel face support system Control chart
The earth pressure balanced shield excavates the strata Applicable to various strata, from soft soil to gravel, because This system automatically adjusts
with cutter bits, injects the additive into excavated soil, the excavated soil can be changed to muddy soil with high the discharge of excavated soil TJ discharge Shield advance
TJ volume speed Excavated soil
and forcibly kneads it with the kneading blades at the plastic fluidity and impermeability. according to the advance of shield manual control volume
TJ Thrust
Tunnel face can be sustained by muddy soil pressure to machine, no more, no less. This V1
rear of cutter head to improve its plastic fluidity and hyd. pump jack
minimize ground settlement. helps maintain the tunnel face at V
impermeability. The resulting muddy soil is fully filled in Stockpiled Soil pressure
the cutter chamber and the screw conveyor. Using the Ground water can be cut off with the impermeable layer rest. In short, to properly balance soil volume in chamber
formed by muddy soil in the cutter chamber and screw the volume of excavated soil and TJ
thrust jacks increases the pressure of the excavated soil stroke/speed
conveyor. that of discharged soil detector
P
in the cutter chamber to counterbalance the tunnel face Appropriate backgrouting control can be achieved, because (i.e., rotational speed of the screw
earth pressure at rest plus groundwater pressure. When the muddy soil is filled in the chamber and at the periphery of conveyor ), the discharging rate of SC SC SC
hyd. pump V2
the shield advances, the discharge of excavated soil is the shield to shut out the backgrouting agent. excavated soil is adjusted controller
hyd. pump hyd. motor
Soil discharge
controlled with the soil pressure detector at the No full-scale muck treatment facility is required, because automatically with soil pressure SC N volume
delivery volume
bulkhead. Thus the advance of the shield and the muck can be discharged by belt conveyor and muck car, or changes in the cutter chamber.
Rotational
discharge of the excavated soil are kept in balance discharging pump to the surface of ground, and is carried out This always keeps the soil pressure speed
detector
during tunneling operation. by dump trucks to a disposal yard after solidification. in the cutter chamber at the desired N Soil pressure
level. Face support V
detector
Manual/auto control
Kneading selector computer
Cutter chamber blade Articulated steering jack Segment aligning device Manual/auto
select signal P

SC manual control
Shield machine and ground TJ: Trust jack
Screw conveyor SC: Screw conveyor
Control system
Mud-making agent
injection port

System explanation
The shied system comprises the shield, additive injection
device, additive production plant, and other facilities.
Central kneading In the tunnel are the shield power unit car,
device power transformer car, segment carriage, muck car, etc.
On the ground are the additive production plant, Monorail crane
backgrouting agent plant, soil hopper, portal crane, electric
power facility, etc.

Additive plant Portal crane


Backgrouting agent plant
Cutter head Thrust jack Erector Soil hopper
Electric power
facility

8.96 m dia. earth pressure balanced shield


Application Subway
Strata Sand, clay, gravel
Overburden 22 m
Overhead crane
Excavation distance 502 m
Radius of curvature 125 m
Description Double-track subway section excavation Shield Operation Unit Control Transformer Muck pit
Articulated steering device machine car car car car
Segment Muck Muck Battery- Cable
carriage car car powered car
locomotive
Earth Pressure Balanced
Shields/Slurry Shields Remarkable Achievements

Typical Earth Pressure Balanced Shields Typical Slurry Shields


7.75 m dia. earth pressure balanced shield 14.14 m dia. slurry shield
Application Sewerage Application Trans-Tokyo Bay Highway (Sea bottom tunnel)
Strata Clayey gravel (up to 600 mm diameter) Strata Clay, sand
Overburden 22.249 m Overburden 19.3 m (water depth 31.071 m)
Excavation distance 1 950 m Excavation distance 1 742 m
Radius of curvature 30 m Radius of curvature Straight
Description Articulated steering device (articulated angle 7 ) Description Long-distance excavation
Spherical joint secondary and third screws High water pressure (sea bottom excavation)
Underground docking using ground freeze
method

7.15 m dia. earth pressure balanced shield 9.60 m dia. slurry shield
Application Subway Application Subway
Strata Silty clay, gravel Strata Clay, sand
Overburden 17.7 m Overburden 22.84 m
Excavation distance 682 m Excavation distance 1 653 m
Radius of curvature 500 m Radius of curvature 850 m
Description Foam shielding using secondary Description Double-track subway section excavation
and third screws Long-distance excavation
Wear detection bits
Collapse detection device

5.54 m dia. earth pressure balanced shield 8.25 m dia. slurry shield
Application Subway Application Subway
Strata Gravel, sand, clay Strata Diluvial sand
Overburden 34.18 m Overburden 25 m
Excavation distance 1 017 m Excavation distance 875 m
Radius of curvature 132.25 m Radius of curvature 600 m
Description Roller bits Description Single-track subway section excavation
Automatic direction control (crossing under river and subway)
Cutter head with earth pressure sensor
at the end of copy cutter