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TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES

Quezon City

College of Engineering and Architecture


EE 003 - ELCTRICAL CIRCUITS 2

Laboratory Report for Experiment No. 6


Resistor and Inductor in Series

Submitted By:
Abiang, Allan Salvador S.
Acua, Jonalyn A.
Claudio, John Michael M.
Liwanag, Patrick Paul S.
Nuez, Daniel Ross T.

Submitted To:

Engr. Christian Ver A. Sensano


Instructor - Electrical Engineering Department

20 July 2017
Experiment No. 6

RESISTOR AND INDUCTOR IN SERIES

I. Objectives:

The activity aims to find the voltage and current in a series resistor and inductor
connected across an AC source. This also aims to investigate how impedance varies as
the frequency changes.

Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):

The students shall be able to:

1. Measure the current and voltages in a series RL circuit.


2. Verify the characteristics of a series AC circuit that has resistance and inductance.
3. Discuss the effect of frequency to the impedance of a series RL circuit.

II. Discussion/ Background of the Experiment/ Concept and Theories

Series RL circuits are encountered very often in electronic equipment. When ac voltage is
applied to this type of circuit, the current is the same through each component. However, the
voltage that drops across each component is distributed according to the relative value of
resistance (R) and inductance in the circuit.

The total opposition to current is called impedance (Z). Resistance and reactance in AC circuits
both oppose the current. The impedance of an AC circuit is expressed as follows:


Z=

And for a series RL circuit:

Z = 2 + 2

III. Resources/ Materials Used

Feedback AC and DC Basics 12-301

2
IV. Procedure:

A. FIXED FREQUENCY
1. Construct the series RL circuit shown in Figure 6-1.

Figure 6-1. RL series circuit


2. Measure the current in the circuit.
IT=_________________

3. Measure the total voltage, the voltage across the resistor, and the voltage across the
inductor.
VT=_________________
VR=_________________
VL=_________________
4. Using a power analyzer, measure the following:
P=_________________
QL=_________________
S=_________________
pf=_________________
5. Using the values obtained in procedures 2 and 3, calculate the following:
(a) Resistance: R = VR/IR =_________________
(b) Inductive reactance: XL = VL/IL =_________________
(c) Impedance: Z = VT/IT =_________________
Note: In series RL circuit IT = IR = IL
6. Calculate the following values of the circuit in Figure 6-1:

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(a) Inductive reactance: XL = 2fL =_________________

(b) Impedance: Z = 2 + 2 =_________________


(c) Total current: IT = VT/Z =_________________
(d) Voltage across the resistor: VR = IRR =_________________
(e) Voltage across the inductor: VL = ILXL =_________________
(f) True power: P = IR2R =_________________
(g) Inductive reactive power: QL = IL2 XL =_________________
(h) Apparent power: S = IT2Z=_________________
(i) Power factor: pf = P/S =_________________
7. Draw an impedance triangle, phasor diagram, and power triangle of the calculated
values and measured values.

B. CHANGING FREQUENCY

1. Using again the circuit in figure 6.1, measure the total current (I) and compute the
impedance (Z = VT/ IT)

2. Repeat procedure no. 1 by changing the frequency to 1600, 3200, 6400Hz.


3. Compute the impedance in each frequency. Plot a graph of impedance against the
frequency.

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V. Data and Results with pictures evidence

A. FIXED FREQUENCY
Calculated Value Measured value % Difference

VT

IT

VR

VL

QL

pf

(a) Calculated Values (b) Measured Values

Figure 6-2. Impedance triangle


(a) Calculated Values (b) Measured Values

Figure 6-3. Phasor triangle


(a) Calculated Values (b) Measured Values

Figure 6-4. Power triangle


B. CHANGING FREQUENCY
Frequency Source Voltage Total Current (I) Impedance Z
Hz (VT) mA Z = VT/IT
V

800

5
1600

3200

6400

Pictures:

Group members picture doing experiment 6


Abiang, Allan
Acua, Jonalyn
Claudio, John Michael
Liwanag, Patrick Paul
Nuez, Daniel Ross

VI. Observation

VII. Conclusion

VIII. Assessment / Rubric

BEGINNER ACCEPTABLE PROFICIENT


CRITERIA SCORE
1 2 3

I. Laboratory Skills
Members do not Members occasionally
Manipulative Members always
demonstrate demonstrate needed
Skills demonstrate needed skills.
needed skills. skills
Members are Members are able to Members are able to set-up
Experimental
unable to set-up set-up the materials the materials with
Set-up
the materials. with supervision. minimum supervision.
Members do not
Members occasionally Members always
demonstrate
Process Skills demonstrate targeted demonstrate targeted
targeted process
process skills. process skills.
skills.

6
Members do not Members follow
Safety Members follow safety
follow safety safety precautions
Precautions precautions at all times.
precautions. most of the time.
II. Work Habits
Time Members do not
Members finish on Members finish ahead of
Management/ finish on time
time with incomplete time with complete data
Conduct of with incomplete
data. and time to revise data.
Experiment data.
Members do not
Members have defined
know their tasks Members are on tasks and
responsibilities most
and have no have defined
of the time. Group
Cooperative defined responsibilities at all times.
conflicts are
and Teamwork responsibilities. Group conflicts are
cooperatively
Group conflicts cooperatively managed at
managed most of the
have to be settled all times.
time.
by the teacher.
Clean and orderly
Clean and orderly
Messy workplace workplace with
Neatness and workplace at all times
during and after occasional mess
Orderliness during and after the
the experiment. during and after the
experiment.
experiment.
Ability to do Members require Members require
Members do not need to be
independent supervision by occasional supervision
supervised by the teacher.
work the teacher. by the teacher.
Other Comments/Observations: Total Score

( )
= 100
24

IX. Members Accomplishment report

Group Member Name Accomplishment Group Members Grades


1. Abiang, Allan Discussion/ Background of the
Salvador S. Experiment/ Concept and 10
Theories
2. Acua, Jonalyn A. Data and Observation 10
3. Claudio, John Michael Conclusion and Print
10
M.
4. Liwanag, Patrick Paul Pictures, Compiling the work
10
S. of groupmates, and proper

7
format of the document
5. Nuez, Daniel Ross T. Computations, Assessment /
Rubric, and rechecking of the 10
whole document.