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VALDIZAN

## CURSO: ANALISIS ESTRUCTURAL I

DOCENTE:
ING. MAURO ANTONIO DOMINGUEZ MAGINO
ALUMNO:
ESTEBAN ESTEBAN,LINCOLN BRIAN

2017
PREGUNTA N01:

## a) RESOLVER EL PORTICO EMPLEANDO LOS DOS METODOS

MATRICIALES.

b) DFC

c) DMF

e) PROCEDIMIENTO
DATOS:

= = . /

.. ..
= = . ^ = = 0.000675

= 13553.892 =
1694.2365

SOLUCIN:

= (3 + )

GH = 10 4 = 6

## Q4 = Reaccin horizontal en el nudo 7 hacia la izquierda = R 7

Q5 = Momento horario en el nudo 4 = M4

Q6 = Momento horario en el nudo 6 = M6
PASO N02: Isostatizamos la estructura.

## PASO N03: De la Estructura Real determinamos el vector

desplazamiento: { }61

0 .
0 .
0 .
{ }61 =
0 .
0 .
[ 0 . ]

## PASO N04: De la Estructura Isosttica determinamos el vector

desplazamiento:{ }

Donde:
{ }61 = { }61 + { }61 + { }61 + { }61

Entonces:
{ }61 = { }61

## Empleamos el Mtodo de las cargas unitarias:

La estructura isosttica:

6 1 258 2 542
= 6(2 ) [4 0 + 4(3 25) + 6 64] 2 [( ) (3 6)] =
2
542
=- = - 0.0399885
13553.892
1 258 2 200 200
= 2 [( ) (3 6)] = = 13553.892 = - 0.0147559
2
4 1
= 6(2 ) [48 8 + 4(24 6) + 0 4] (39 4 8) +

1 258 2 320 1248 133.33 320 1248 133.33
[( ) (3 8)] = + =- 1694.2365 + 13553.892
2 2 13553.892

= - 0.7503874
1 1 1 258 2 312 333.33
= (39 4 2 4) + 2 [( ) (3 10)] = + =-
2
312 333.33
+ (13553.892) = -0.159560
(1694.2365)
1 484 1 1 258 2 48
= 2 ( 1) + (39 4 1) 2 [( ) (3 1)] = 3 +
2 2
156 33.33 48 156 33.3
= + 1694.2365 13553.892 = 0.0908004
3 3(13553.892)
1 258 2 100 100
= 2 [( ) (3 1)] = 3 = 3(13553.892)=0.00245931
2
0.0399885
0.0147559
0.7503874
{ }61 =
0.159560
0.0908004
[ 0.00245931 ]

## PASO N05: Hallamos la Matriz de Flexibilidad: []

11 12 13 14 15 16
21 22 23 24 25 26
32 33 34 35 36
[] = 31
41 42 43 44 45 46
51 52 53 54 55 56
[61 62 63 64 65 66 ]

1 66 2 68 2 84 84
=
20
[(
2
) (3 6) + ( 2
) (3 6)] = = 13553.892 =
0
0.0061974

1 68 2 48 84
= =
20
( 2
) (3 6) = = 13553.892
= 0.0035414
0
1 68 2 64 64
= =
20
( 2
) (3 8) = = - 13553.892
=-
0

0.0034721

1 68 2 80 80
14 = 41 =
20
( 2
) (3 10) = = 13553.892 = -
0

0.0059023

1 68 2 8 8
15 = 51 =
20
( 2
) (3 1) = = 13553.892
= 0.0005902

1 68 2 8 8
16 = 61 =
20
( 2
) (3 1) = = 13553.892 = -

0.0005902

1 66 2 1 68 2 72 96 72
22 =
0
( 2
) (3 6) + 2 ( 2
) (3 6) = + 2
=
1694.2365
0
96
+ = 0.0425041
13553.892
1 68 2 64 64
23 = 32 =
20
( 2
) (3 8) = = - 13553.892
=-
0

0.0047218

1 66 2 1 68 2 72 160
24 = 42 =
0
( 2
) (3 6) 2 ( 2
) (3 10) = 20
0 0
72 160
= = -0.0543017
1694.2365 13553.892

1 68 2 8 8
25 = 52 =
20
( 2
) (3 1) = = 13553.892
= 0.0005902
0

1 66 2 1 68 2 12 16
26 = 62 =
0
( 2
) (3 1) 2 ( 2
) (3 1) = - 2
=
0

-0.0076730
1 2 88 2 256 170.66
33 =

(8 4 8) +
2
( 2
) (3 8) = 1694.2365 + 13553.892 =
0.163691
1 1 1 88 2 64 106.66
34 = 43 = (8 4) ( 4) + ( ) (3 10) = + =
0 2 20 2
64 106.66
+ = 0.0456444
1694.2365 13553.892

1 88 1 1 88 2
35 = 53 = ( ) (1) (8 4 1) 2 ( ) (3 1) =
20 2 0 0 2
16 32 10.66 16 32 10.66
- - = =-
13553.892 1694.2365 13553.892

0.0208545

1 88 2 32 32
36 = 63 =
20
( 2
) (3 1) = 3 =3(13553.892) = 0.0007869
0

1 66 2 44 2 1 108 2
44 = [( ) (3 6) + ( ) (3 4)] + 2 ( ) (3 10) =
0 2 2 0 2
93.33 133.33 93.33 133.33
+ = + = 0.0649237
1694.2365 13553.892

1 44 1 108 2 8
45 = 54 = ( 1) ( ) (3 1) =
0 2 20 2
13.33 8 13.33
= = -0.0057053
1694.2365 13553.892
1 66 2 1 108 2 36
46 = 64 = ( ) ( 1) + ( ) (3 1) = 3 +
2 03 20 2
13.33 36 13.33
= + = 0.0080663
3(1694.2365) 13553.892

1 1 1 18 2 4
55 = (1 8 1) + (1 4 1) + ( ) (3 1) = +
2 0 2 2
4 1.33 4 4 1.33
+ = + + = 0.0027541
13553.892 1694.2365 13553.892
1 18 2 4 4
56 = 65 = ( ) ( 1) = =- =-
20 2 3 30 3(13553.892)
0.0000983
2 16 2 1 18 2 4
66 = ( ) ( 1) + ( ) ( 1) = +
0 2 3 20 2 3 3
1.33
=1694.2365 + 13553.892= 0.0024590
4 1.33

0.0061974 0.0035414 0.0034721 0.0059023 0.0005902 0.0005902
0.0035414 0.0425041 0.0047218 0.0543017 0.0005902 0.0076730
0.0034721 0.0047218 0.163691 0.0456444 0.0208545 0.0007869
[]66 =
0.0059023 0.0543017 0.0456444 0.0649237 0.0057053 0.0080663
0.0005902 0.0005902 0.0208545 0.0057053 0.0027541 0.0000983
[ 0.0005902 0.0076730 0.0007869 0.0080663 0.0000983 0.0024590 ]

Sabemos que:

## { }61 = { }61 + [ ]66 { }61

Entonces:

{ } = [ ]1 ({ } { })
0 . 0.0399885 0.0399885
0 . 0.0147559 0.0147559
0 . 0.7503874 0.0960117
{ } { }= - =
0 . 0.1595608 0.1595608
0 . 0.0908004 0.0908004
[ 0 . ] [ 0.00245931 ] [ 0.00245931 ]
6.3427938
9.47968977
7.07044975
{}61 =
6.19256105
27.8035793 .
[ 9.89550328 . ]

## PASO N07: Reemplazando las reacciones en la Estructura Real

tenemos:
a. DMF.

13.06Tn.m
9Tn.m 9.876Tn.m

0.876Tn.m 1 4

12.532Tn.m
4Tn.m 4.522Tn.m
1.864Tn.m 5
7 2 1.242 Tn.m
4.741Tn.m
2.9565 m
1.416Tn.m

DMF
6
3
b) DFC.

Primero calculamos los giros para cual empleamos el
mtodo de Slope:
2 3
= [2 + ] +

0 = 6776.946 . 2
40
41 = [24 + 1 ] +
8 8
0 12 8
13.06 . = + .
2 1 8

1 = 0.0003128252756
20
12 = [21 + 2 ]
4
0
0.876 . = [21 + 2 ]
2

2 = 0.0003671270216

20
23 = [22 + 3 ]
6
0
1.242 . = [22 + 3 ]
3

3 = 0.0001844488655

40 2
27 = [22 + 7 ] +
6 12
20
4.522 . = [22 + 7 ] + 6 .
3

7 = 0.0004071155357

40
25 = [22 + 5 ]
8
0
1.864 . = [22 + 5 ]
2

5 = 0.0001841537473
1
4

6
3
SOLUCIN POR EL MTODO DE LA RIGIDEZ

= 6

## Paso N02: Determinamos a matriz { } en la

estructura real.

{ } =

{ }
Paso N03: Empotramos los extremos de la estructura

para

rigidizarlo.

## Paso N04: Determinamos a matriz { } en la

{ } = { } + { } + { }

DETERMINAMOS { }

2
1 = 72 = = 6
12

2
2 = 72 = = 6
12

3 = 0

4 = 0

2
5 = 14 = = 12
2

6 = 0

Tenemos: { } =

{ }
DETERMINAMOS { } Y { }
En el problema no existe temperatura ni asentamientos.

{ } = { } =

Entonces : { } = { }

{ } =

{ }

## Paso N04: Determinamos la matriz de rigidez {}

Para el estado: = , =

=
=
=

= = = =

= =

= =

= =

= =

Para el estado: = , =

4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 17
22 = + + + = + + + =
6 6 8 4 6
2 2
32 = 23 = = =
8 4

42 = 24 = 0
2 2
52 = 25 = = =
4 2

2 2
62 = 26 = = =
6 3

Para el estado: = , =
4 4
33 = = =
8 2

43 = 34 = 0

53 = 35 = 0

63 = 36 = 0

Para el estado: = , =

4 4 2
44 = = =
6 3

54 = 45 = 0

64 = 46 = 0
Para el estado: = , =

4 4 4 4 3
55 = + = + =
4 8 2

65 = 56 = 0

4 4 2
66 = = =
6 3

. .
. . . . .
. .
{} = *{}
.
. .
{ . . }

## PASO N05: Determinamos la matriz {}

{ } = { } + [] {}
ENTONCES:

{} = [] { }

{ } =

=

{ } { } { }

La matriz {} es:

.
.
{} = . *{ }

.
{. }
PASO N06: Hallamos las reacciones
b) DFC
c) DMF

1
4