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Reaffirmed, September 2012

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USA Standard
A USA Standard implies a consensus of those substantially concerned with its scope
and provisions. A USA Standard is intended as a guide to aid the manufacturer, the
consumer, and the general public. The existence of a USA Standard does not in any
respect preclude anyone, whether he has approved the standard or not, from manu-

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facturing, marketing, purchasing, or using products, processes, or procedures not con-
forming to the standard. USA Standards are subject to periodic review and users are
cautioned to obtain the latest editions. Producers of goods made in conformity with a
USA Standard are encouraged to state on their own responsibility in advertising, pro-
motion material, or on tags or labels that the goods are produced in conformity with
particular USA Standards.

API Standard 9662-ASTM D l@S was approved a8 a USA Standard Dec. 30,1966.
NOTE:

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STD 2552-b5 0732240 00b7bhB 2 r

FOREWORD
The standard in this publication is one of a series approved jointly by the American
Petroleum Institute and the American Society for Testing and Materials. This standard
is the result of a cooperative arrangement established by the two organizations to
develop and jointly approve and publish standards dealing with quantitative and quali-
tative measurements of petroleum products and lubricants.
The American Petroleum Institute and the American Society for Testing and Ma-
terials take no position as to whether any method, apparatus, or product mentioned
herein is covered by an existing patent, nor as to the validity of any patent alleged to
cover any such method, apparatus, or product. Furthermore, the information contained
in this standard does not grant the right, by implication or otherwise, for manufacture,
sale, or use in connection with any method, apparatus, or product covered by letters
patent; nor does if. insure anyone against liability for infringement of letters patent.
This standard may be used by anyone desiring to do so, but neither the American
Petroleum Institute nor the American Society for Testing and Materials shall be held
responsible or liable in any way either for loss or damage resulting therefrom, or for
the violation of any federal, state, or municipal regulations with which it may conflict.
Suggested revisions are invited and should be submitted to the director of the Divi-
sion of Science and Technology, American Petroleum Institute, 1271 Avenue of the
Americas, New York, N. Y . 10020.
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COKTENTS
PAGE
. . . .
Scope. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
PART I. SPHERICAL TANKS
.
Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Outline of Procedure.. . . . . . . . . . ~.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......
Liquid Calibratio ...........................................................
............................
...........................................
Tank-Measuring Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . ......................................
Field Measurements. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .
Effect of Thermal Changes on Spherical .Tank Shells. . . . .
PART II. SPHEROIDAL TANKS
.
Definitions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Outline of Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Liquid Calibration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , ..................................... , . 10
Calibration by Meter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Calibration by T a n k . . . . . . . .................................................. 11
Tank-Measuring Equipment. . . . . . . . . . . . ................................ < . . . . . . 11
Volume Below ne ........................................ 11
Field Measure .................................................. 11
.
Calculations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Effect of Thermal Changes on Smooth Spherical Tank Shells.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
APPENDIX I-Sample Calculation for a 38-Ft-Diameter Spherical Tank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
APPENDIX II-Sample Calculation for a 5000-Bbl Spheroidal Tank. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
APPENDIX III-Procedure for Computing the Volume Correction for Thermal Expsn-
sion or Contraction of Spherical and Smooth Spheroidal Tanks. . . . . . . ... , . . . . . . 16
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r

Standard Method for


MEASUREMENT AND CALIBRATION OF SPHERES AND SPHEROIDS]

API Standard :2552


ASTM Designation: D 1408 - 65
ADOPTED,1965:~~
This standard of the American Petroleum Institute issued under
the fixed designation API 2552 is also a standard of the American
Society for Testing and Materials issued under the k e d designa-
tion D 1408; the final number indicates the year of original adop-
tion as standard, or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision.
This method was adopied as a joins A P I - A S T X stardard i f z 1965.

Scope lines the procedures for the measurement API Standard 2561-ASTM D 140: Meas-
1. This standard describes the proce- and calibration of spheroidal tanks. urement and Calibration of Horizontal
Tanks
dures for calibrating spheres and spheroids
KOTE1.-Calibration procedures for other API Standard 2663-ASTM D 1407: Meas-
which are used as liquid containers. It urement and Calibration of Barges
is presented in two parts: Part I (Sections types of tanks are contained in the follom-
ing standards: API Standard 2564-ASTM D 1409: Meas-
2 to 10) outlines the procedures for the API Standard 2650-ASTM D 1220: Meas- urement and Calibration of Tank Cars
measurement and calibration of spherical urement and Calibration of Upright API Standard 2555-ASTM D 14012: Liquid
tanks; Part II (Sections 11 to 20) out- Cylindrical Tanks Calibration of Tanks

PART I. SPHERICAL TANKS


Definition are, usually, no internal structural mem- or dead capacity exists. This same point
2. A Sphere is a stationary liquid stor- bers. A typical sphere is shown in Figs. is zero gage.
age tank, supported on columns so that 1 and 2.
Liquid Calibration
the entire tank shell is abovegrade. There Outline of Procedure 4. ( u ) Liquid Calibration is preferred
Under the standardization procedures of 3. ( u ) Practical difculties limit tape for any tank or portion of a tank not
the API and the ASTlM, this standard is under
%-tTo?W<API Centrai Committee paths for measuring great circles on the susceptibIe to adequate or accurate meas-
on Petroleum Measurement and the -ASTA4 sphere where the tape will lie flat and urement (see API Standard 2555-ASTbi
Committee D-2 on Petroleum Products and not tend to slip sidewise. Three repre- D 1406).
Lubricants.
*The A P I method was adopted as API sentative great circles are chosen-one ( b ) Capacity Tab2e.-The capacity
Standard 2552 in October, 1965. at the horizontal equator and two passing table should be prepared in any desired
Prior t o its present publication, the API
Recommended Practice 50B mas originally vertically through the poles at right increments (usually % in.) using graphs
adopted as tentative in November, 1937, and anales
.., to each other. The total volume is or mathematical methods to establish a
as nd in November, 1941; the second edition calculated based on these three measure- smooth curve.
mas issued in May, 1942; the third edition was
issued in June, 1949, and reissued in January, ments. Partial volumes are then distri-
1952; the fourth edition was issued in June, buted over the measured inside height by Calibration by Meter
1957.
3Revised and adopted as standard June, a formula or table based on the partial 5. The sphere may initially be either
1965, by action of the ASTM at the Annual voIume versus depth in a true sphere. empty or fuU. Calibration should pro-
Meeting and confirming letter ballot. ( b ) In a sphere the bottom capacity ceed by introducing or wit.hdrawing
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Prior to adoption as ASTM standard, this


method was published as tentative from 1956 line is the lowest point of the spherical liquid. Met& readings should be taken
and revised in 1958. shell inside the sphere. No water bottom for each inch of the upper 25 per cent

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STD 2552-65 u 0732270 0067673 2
r
- 1

8 MEASUREMEST
AKD CALIBRATIOS AKD SPHEROIDS
OF SPHERES (API 2552-ASTA1 D 1408)
and the lower 25 per cent of the height
between the bottom and top capacity
lines and for each 2 in. of the intervening
height. The increments filled should be
measured by means of a tape and bob or
by gage glass readings.

Calibration by Tank
U. (a) When calibration tanks are
used, each tank should be no smaller
than one-half of the largest 1-in. incre-
ment of the sphere and should have a
maxiinum capacity of the largest 1-in.
increment of the sphere. Each calibration
tank should have been accurately cali-
brated.
( b ) The sphere should be Med with
water to the top capacity line. The water
should be discharged into calibration
tanks where it is accurately measured.
Structural Calibrations should be obtained for each
Supports
inch of the upper 25 per cent and the
/ lower 25 per cent of the height between
the bottom and top capacity lines and
for each 2 in. of the intervening height.
I I \ \ The increments discharged should be
gaged by means of tape and bob or by
FIG.SPHERICAL TANE. gage glass readings.
Tank-Measuring Equipment
7. ( u ) The equipment used for measur-
ing spherical tanks is the same as that
described for upright cylindrical tanks
in M I Standard 2550-ASTM D 1220.
The measurement of any one tank will
not necessarily require the use of all of
the equipment listed. Therefore, the in-
dividual tank and the measurement pro-
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cedure should be considered before se-


lecting the equipment.
( b ) The equipment should include
steel measuring tapes for both height and
circumference measurements. These tapes
should be calibrated as described for up-
right cylindrical tanks in API Standard
2550-ASTAI D 1220.
(c) Other equipment such as reels, tape,
clamps, rope, seat, 6-ft rulers, and spirit
level should be as described for upright
cylindrical tanks in API Standard 2550-
ASTM D 1220.
( d ) To facilitate the measurement of
the largest horizontal circumference, the
builder should tack-weld short rods per-
pendicular to the shell at the point where
the shell is tangent to a vertical line, and
spaced not more than 10 ft apart to
RQ.
8.aPHEBICAL TANKS. support the tape at that location.

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STD 2552-65 4 0732270 0067672 'p
MEASUREMEST
Ahm CALIBRATIOX
O F SPHERES (API 2552-AST31
Ahm SPHEROIDS D 1408) 9

Field Measurements average thickness along each tape path. often more laborious than machine calcuia-
tion using the foregoing procedure. A sample
8. (u) Measure the circumference of the Designate the corrected circumferences calculation for a 3-ft-diameter spherical
horizontal great circle a t the equator. Cl, C2,and Ca. tank is shoKn in Appendix I.
The columns supporting a sphere usualllr ( c ) Compute the total volume as fol-
extend a few inches above the equator; lows : Effect of Thermal Changes on Spherical
Tank Shells
where this occurs step-overs mill be re- CI x c2 x c3
quired. It is permissible to make this V = 10. ( a ) The effect of expansion or con-
62 traction of tanks containing liquids a t
circumference measurement at a location
just above the tops of the columns where ( d ) If the vertical inside height, D,, normal temperature may be disregarded.
the tape path is clear. When this is done, was measured a t a distance, m, from the Correction for expansion or contraction
record the measured circumference, C, centerline of the sphere to a manhole or will not be necessary except under con-
and the height, H , above the equator a t other fitting [Section 8 (e)], calculate the ditions of use requiring very accurate re-
which G a a s measured. total inside height, D, a t the centerline sults as to the partial or total volumes of
( b ) Measure the circumference of a as follows: heated or refrigerated contents.
vertical great circle passing through the D = dDm2+4n?
( b ) When corrections for temperature
poles. effect are required, it is necessary to
( e ) Compute the partial volume a t each estimate the service temperature of the
( c ) Measure the circumference of an-
desired incremental depth. A method em- contents and compute volume correc-
other vertical great circle at right angles
ploying a calculating machine may be tions due to the difference in temperature
to the first vertical great circle.
set up as follows : from 60 F, the normal calibration tem-
( d ) Measure the total inside height, Let:
D, a t the vertical centerline of the sphere. V = total volume of sphere. perature. Compute the volume correction
( e ) There is usually a manhole or other as follows:
G = gage increment.
fitting a t this centerline. In this event, A = one-half of the vertical inside Volume correction, per cent = K ( t . - 60)
measure the vertical inside height, D,, , where :
height.
at a convenient distance, m, from the K = a coefficient (see Appendix III).
centerline. Record D, and m for later t, = service temperature of tank shell, in
calculation of the centerline height. degrees Fahrenheit.
(f) Spherical tanks should be re-cali- The coefficient, K , is based upon a
brated as a result of the following condi- low-carbon steel having a coefficient
tions : of thermal expansion of 0.0000065
(1) When the deadwood is changed, A-H per deg F. When the tank is con-
or additional deadwood such as concrete M = - G structed of a Werent metal, the coef-
is installed inside the tank. ficient of expansion shall be calcu-
(9) When the tank is repaired or H = gage h-eight to bottom of increment. lated in accordance with Appendix
changed in any manner which may affect For the bottom increment: III.
the total or incremental volume. ( c ) For noninsulated metal tanks, the
M=- A
(3)When the tank is moved. temperature of the shell may be taken
G
Calculations as the mean of the adjacent liquid and
A ! ! - A!! ambient air temperatures on the inside
9. (u) If the field measurement of the v m = xi - ( 7 )
outside circumference [Section 8 ( u ) ] was and the outside of the shell a t the same
location. I n applying these principles to
made a t a height, H , above the equator For each succeeding increment:

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to clear the tops of the columns, com- both spheres and spheroids, only the
pute the outside circumference, Co, at V m = Vm+i M K +
z horizontal
tank
dimensions are functions of
calibration corrections. The liquid
t.he equator as follows: The volume of each increment above height dimension is a function of gaging
Co = dc2 (27rW + the bottom increment is MR, greater the liquid level; accordingly, the effect
( b ) Correct each outside circumference thhan that of the increment directly below. of thermal expansion or contraction on
to the inside of the shell plates, by sub- NOTE2.-Tables of partial volumes are innage and outage gage readings should
tracting 2rt. For t, use the weighted available but the interpolations required are be considered separately.

PART II. SPHEROIDAL TANKS


Definitions a series of circular arcs. The height is the shell. Structural members rest on the
11. (u) A Spheroid is a stationary liq- reduced compared with that of a sphere. base plate and support the overhanging
uid storage tank having a shell of double The bottom rests directly on a prepared part of the shell for a short dista.nce above
curvature. Any horizontal cross-section grade. The spheroid has a base plate rest- t.he base plate. A drip bar is welded to the
is circular and a vertical cross-section is ing on the grade and projecting beyond shell in a horizontal circle just above the

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10 AND CALIBRATIOK
MEASURENEXT OF SPHERES (API 2552-ASTM
ASD SPHEROIDS D 1408)
Outline of Procedure '

12. Practical difficulties prohibit meas-


uring a spheroid except a t two locations.
One of these is on the shell a t the upper
edge of the drip bar; the other is at the
largest horizontal circumference where
- the shell is tangent to a vertical line.
At other locations it would be difficult,
if not impossible, to support the meas-
uring tape. The theoretical horizontal
radii are calculated and then adjusted to
conform with the measured circumfer-
ences.

FIG.~ . - S M O OSPHEROIDAL
TH TANK. Liquid Calibration

13. ( a ) Liquid calibration is preferred


for any tank or portion of a tank not sus-
ceptible to adequate or accurate meas-
urement. Because circumferential meas-
urements on a spheroid are limited to
two, liquid calibration (see BPI Standard
2555-ASTiLI D 1406) is preferred to
the measurement procedure.
(b) Adequate facilities are not always
available and the measurement procedure
is given as a satisfactory alternative for
spheroids. When visibly distorted, the
FIG. 4.-xODED SPHEROIDAL TANK. spheroid should be liquid calibrated.
( c ) Liquid calibration may be per-
formed by meter, using either water or a
product of low volatility such as No. 2
fuel oil. If calibration tanks are used, the
liquid should be water.
(a) When calibrated by liquid, the
spheroid should have been filled a t least
once with a liquid a t least as heavy as the
liquid to be stored.
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( e ) When calibrat.ion tanks are used,


they shall be accurately calibrated by the
critical measurement procedure (as ont-
lined in API Standard 2550-ASThI D
1220), or by the water draw procedure,
into National Bureau of Standards stand-
ardized measures (as outlined in APZ
Standard 1101: Measurement of Petro-
leum Liquid Hydrocarbons b y Positive
Displacement Meter) ,
(f) When meters are used, they should
FIG.~.-NODEDSPHEROIDAL
TAXE. be installed, operated, and proved accord-
ing to the systems outlined in API Stand-
structural supports to intercept rain wa- 3, usua.11~has no inside structural mem- ard 1101 (see also API Standard 2555-
ter. bers to support the shell or roof. ASTM D 1406).
c ) A Noded Snheroid. shown in Fim. (9) Capacity Table.-The capacity
table should be prepared in any desired
increments (usually % in.) using graphs
or mathematical methods to establish a
( b ) A Smooth Spheroid, shown in Fig. members inside the tank. smooth curve.

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S T D 2552-65 I 0732270 0067674 -q
A!rEASUREhIENT AND CALIBRATION O F S P H E R E S AND SPHEROIDS (MI 2552-ASTM D 1408) 11

.Calibration by Meter (c) Other equipment such a5 reels, tape, circumference where the shell is tangent
clamps, rope, seat, 6-ft rulers, and spirit to a vertical line, supporting the tape
14. The spheroid may initially be either level should be as described for upright on the rods provided by the builder.
empty or fuil. Calibration should pro- cylindrical tanks in API Standard 2550- ( d ) Measure the outside circumference
ceed by introducing or withdrawing ASTM D 1220. of the spheroid on the shell a t the upper
liquid. Meter readings should be taken ( d ) To facilitate the measurement of edge of the drip bar.
for each inch of the upper 25 per cent the largest horizontal circumference, the
and the lower 25 per cent of the height builder should tack-weld short rods per- NOTE $.-During the measurements pre-
between the bottom and top capacity scribed in Paragraphs (c) and (4, the
pendicular to the shell a t the point where spheroid should be approximately 75 per
lines and for each 2 in. of the intervening the shell is tangent to a vertical line and cent full.
height. The increments m e d should be spaced no more than 10 f t apart to sup-
measured by means of a tape and bob or port the tape at that location. (e) Spheroidal tanks should be re-
by gage glass readings. After emptying calibrated as a result of the following
the spheroid, the elevation of the datum Volume Below Bottom Capacity Line
conditions:
plate relative to the bottom capacity line (1) When the deadwood is changed,
should be checked. 17. (u) The volume below the bottom or additional deadwood such as concrete
capacity line is not usually included in is installed inside the tank.
Calibration by Tank the tank capacity. Zero gage or the gage (2) When the trank is repaired or
datum should coincide with the level of changed in any manner which may affect
15. (u) When calibration tanks are t.he bottom capacity line. The main cali- the total or incremental volume.
used, each tank should be no smaller than bration table should not include any (3) When the tank is moved.
one-half of the largest 1-in. increment of volume below that level.
the spheroid and should have a maximum ( b ) I n noded spheroids, a circular Calculations
capacity of the largest 1-in. increment of girder a t the bottom node forms a dam
the spheroid. Each calibration tank should 19. (u) Using dimensions from the
which a t very low levels would permit the
have been accurately calibrated. builders drawings, compute the hori-
product surface or the interface surface
( b ) The spheroid should be lled with zontal radius to the inside of the shell
of a water bottom to stand at different
water to the top capacity line. The water a t the midheight of each 1-in. increment
levels in the bottom troughs. To avoid
should be discharged into calibration of depth above the capacity line.
t.his condition, equalization holes should
tanks where it is accurately measured. ( b ) Similarly compute the inside hori-
be provided in the circular girder by the
Calibrations should be obtained for each zontal radius a t the largest horizontal
builder, and the bottom capacity line
inch of the upper 25 per cent and the circle and at the elevation of the top of
should be above these holes. The eleva-
lower 25 per cent of the height between the drip bar.
tion below datum of the lowest point a t
the bottom and top capacity lines and (c) Divide the field measurements
which the water level will equalize be-
for each 2 in. of the intervening height. [Section 18(c) and ( d ) ] by 2 ~to get the
tween nodes should be noted on the
The increments discharged should be average outside radius a t each of these
calibration table.
gaged by means of a tape and bob or by locations and subtract the horizontal
(c) If a dam plate or weir is used to
gage glass readings. After the water is thicknesses to get the inside radius.
keep water away from the outlet connec-
discharged, the level of t.he datum plate tion, its elevation relative to the datum ( d ) Adjust all horizontal radii com-
relative to the bottom capacity line puted in Paragraph (u) by multiplying
should be noted on the calibration table.
should be checked. by the inside radius from Paragraph (c)
( d ) The volume below the bottom
and dividing by the corresponding calcu-
capacity line should be noted on the
lated inside radius from Paragraph ( b ) .
Tank-Measuring Equipment calibration table. It should be marked
Use the drip bar adjustment to an eleva-
approximate, unless it was obtained
16. (u) The equipment used for meas- tion midway between the drip bar and the
by liquid calibration. An audiary table
uring spheroids is the same as that de- largest horizontal circumference. Use the
giving incremental volumes below the
scribed for upright cylindrical tanks in largest horizontal circumference adjust-
bottom capacity line may be furnished if
API Standard 255O-ASTM D 1220. The ment for all higher increments.
required.
measurement of any one tank mill not re- (e) Using the adjusted radii, compute
quire the use of all of the equipment the volume of each 1-in. increment as-
listed. Therefore, the individual tank and Field Measurements suming that each is a cylinder.
the measurement procedure should be 18. (u) Measure the elevation of the (f) Correct for deadwood.
considered before selecting the equip- datum plate relative t o the bottom capac- (9)Complete the gage table by totaling
ment. ity line. the net incremental volumes, starting with
( b ) The equipment should include ( b ) Measure the elevation of the top zero a t the bottom capacity line. The gage
steel measuring tapes for both height of the drip bar at four points equally table may. be prepared in any desired
and circumference measurements. These spaced around the spheroid, relative to increments (usually /8 in.) using graphs
tapes should be calibrated as described the bottom capacity line. or mathematical methods to establish a
for upright cylindrical tanks in API (c) Measure the outside circumference smooth curve.
Standard 2550-ASTM D 1220. of the spheroid a t the largest horizontal ( h ) Record on the gage table the ele-
L

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STD 2552-65 0 7 3 2 2 7 0 0067675 O r
12 MEASUREMENT
Ahm CALIBRATION OF SPHERES AND SPHEROIDS ( 0 1 2552-ASTM D 1408)

vation of the datum plate with relation NOTE 5.-A sample calculation for a the shell of smooth spheroidal tanks,
to the bottom capacity line. 50C~-bblspheroidal tank is d o m in AP- causing change in the incrementa.1 01
pendix II.
(i) The capacity bble should bear a total tank volumes as a result of Wer-
notation stating whether it mas pre- Effect of Thermal Changes on Smooth ences in temperature, may be computed
pared from data obtained by water Spherical Tank sheus as described for spherical tanks in Section
calibration or by the measurement method. 20. The effect of volume changes in 10.

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- - - STD 2552-b5 0732290 O067676 q-

APPESDIX I

SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR A 38-FT-DIAMETER SPHERICAL TAXI<

h o a i REPORTOF FIELD MEASTiREbENTS:


Horizontal circumference, Cl = 119.680 ft
Circumference taken in a vertical plane, C P = 119.760 f t
Circumference taken 90 deg from C fi n a vertical plane, C3 = 119.740 f t
Inside vertical height measured 34 in. off centerline, D, = 37 f t 636 in.
Distance C mas taken above equator, H = 10 in.

CORRECTED

c= za /F
HORIZONTAL
CIRCUhlFEREXCE :

= 6.283186 1/(19.01766)2 + (0.8333333)2


Ca = 119.7945 ft

I N S I D E CIRCUMFERENCES :

Cl = 119.7945 f t - (0.72 in. X ~ / 6 )= 119.4175 f t . (Plate thickness


= 0.68 in. and 0.76 in.;
Average = 72 in.)
C2= 119.760 f t - (0.8783333 in. X r / G ) = 119.4048 f t
CI = 119.740 f t -
(0.6783333 in. X r/G) = 119.3848 f t . (Plate thickness = 0.65 in., 0.68 in.,
and 0.72 in.; Weighted average = 0.6783333 in.)

DIANETER:
VERTICALCEPITERLINE
D = dDm2 + 4mQ= d(37.56250)2 + 4(2.833333)2 = 37.98754 f t
where:
m = distance off centerline, i n feet.
D = vertical diameter at centerline, in feet.

Vo~uamOF SPHERE:
Cl X C; X C3 119.4175 X 119.4048 X 119.3848
V = - = = 28,746.68 CU ft
69 59,21764

1728
V = 28,746.68 X ~ = 5120.002 bbl
231 X 42

PARTIAL VOLUMES FOR I N C R E M E N T A L T'ALUES (>d-IN. INCREMENTS) :


V = 5120.002 bbl
G = 1 in.
37.98754
A=--- X 12 = 227.9252 in.
2

Inside height = 37.98754 f t

where:
G = incremental height, in inches.
A = one-half vertical height of tank, in inches.
G
- = O.CM387404
A

13

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STD 2552-65 0 7 3 2 2 7 0 0067677 3~

14
' MEASUREXEST OF SPHERES
AKD CALIBRATION ( M I 2552-ASTX
ASD SPHEROIDS D 1408)

y:( = 0.00000008445453

3 - (s)" = 2.999981

K 1 --- 4" (d> ($y]


- [3 - = 16.84753

= 0.0006486110
Kz= %(A)
VOLUNE OF BOWOX INCREMENT :

A
M = - = 227.9252
G
Vm = 16.84753 - 16.77372 = 0.07381 bbl

VOLUNEOF EACHSUCCEEDING
IPICREMENT:
v m = vm+i +IMR2
I
incremental Height Partial Volume Barrels per W in.
(Diff. Vol. i 8)

Oft1 in ................ 0.07381*


Oft2 in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 226'. 9252 0.22100
Oft3 in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225.9252 O. 36753
O ft 4 in.. .............. 224.9252 O. 513.12 0.0642
Oft5 in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223.9252 O.65866 1.83442 O. 0823
... ... ... ...
* Volume of bottom increment included in Z M K z .
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APPEi\i?)IX II

SAMPLE CALCULATION FOR A 5000-BBL SPHEROIDAL TANK

FROMREPORTOF FIELD MEASUREMENTS:


(u) Datum plate set a t elevation of bottom capacity line.
( b ) Top of drip bar t o bottom capacity line:
( I ) 5 f t 8% in.
(2) 5 f t 9 in.
(S) 5 f t 9 in.
(4) 5 f t 936 in.
Average = 5 f t 9 in. (checks with blueprint).
(c) Maximum horizontal circumference = 129.680 f t .
( d ) Circumference a t drip bar = 118.330 it.

CALCULATIONS
:
Inside radius at maximum circumference = 129.680 f 2a - 0.0225 ft- (plate)
= 20.61671 f t
Inside radius at maximum circumference (from blueprint) = 20.6o80 f t

Multiplier for adjusting radii in upper portion of tank = 2oG1671 - 1.000481


20.60680
Inside radius a t drip bar = (118.330 + 2n) - (horizontal thickness of plate)
= 18.83280 - 0.03222 = 18.80058 f t
175.1425 O33
Horizontal thickness of plate = -X = 0.03222 f t
149.5008 12

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S T D 2552-65 0732290 0067678 5 r

a I E A S U R E M E N T AND CALIBRATION O F S P H E R E S AND SPHEROIDS ( M I 2552-ASTA4 D 1408) 15

where:
175.1425 = outside radius of vertical curvature, in inches.
149.5008 = horizontal distance from drip bar t.0 center of radius of vertical curvature,
in inches.
0.33 = p1at.e thickness a t drip bar, in inches.
.-
Inside radius a t drip bar (from blueprint) = 18.78130 f t

Multiplier for adjusting radii in lower portion of tank = 18.80058 = 1.001027


18.78130
EXAMPLE OF RUN SHEET (PARTIAL)

IncrementalHeight I
I
h 1
I
a 1
I
R 1
I
1
I
.

I
Horizontal

.... 1 ....I .... I .... I .... I ...._ I ....

I I
Horizontal Radius X Gross bbl
Applicable Radius d
per in. De$g!;.bbl Net, bbl per % in. Total, bbl
Multiplier (O.WoM0.17610R )
I I I I
150.8981 in. O. 9217 O. O023 0.9194 7.3552
152.9748 in. O . 9472 O . O023 O . 9449 14.9144
154.9843 in.
.... I O. 9722
.... I 0.0023
.... I_ O. 9699
....
I
22. G736
..
where (see Fig. 6 ) :
h = vertical distance from center of segment t o bottom capacity line.
a = vertical distance from center of segment to center of radius of vertical curvature.
R = radius of vertical curvature.
L = horizontal distance from centerline of tank t o center of radius of vertical curvature.

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STD 2552-65 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0067677 7 r
16 fim CALIBRATIOX
MEASURENEXT OF SPHERES ( M I 2552-ASTM
AND SPHEROIDS D 1408)
APPENDIX III

PROCEDURE FOR COMPUTING THE VOLUME CORRECTION FOR THERMAL EX-


PANSION OR CONTRACTION OF SPHERICAL AND SMOOTH SPHEROIDAL TANKS

Value of H/D

FIQ. VOL^ CORRECTIONCOEFFICIENT


FOR THERMAL OR CONTRACTION
EXPANSION OB
SPHERICAL
AND SMOOTH
SPHEROIDAL
TANKSCONSTRUCTED
OF LOW-CARBON
STEEL.
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S T D 2552-65 1- - 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0 ~ -

MEASUREMEXT
AKD CALIBRATIOX
OF SPHERES (API 2552-ASTM
AND SPHEROIDS D 1408) 17

The basis and method of correcting the volume of spherical and smooth spheroidal tanks
which have been affected by changes in temperature is described in Section 10. The coefficient,
KI, is obtained from the curve shown in Fig. 7 which is based on a mean thermal expansion co-
efficient, ant, of 0.0000065per deg F.The value, KI, taken from the curve must be adjusted
t o the actual thermal expansion, m, of the tank material a t the actual tank temperature, t .
For low-carbon steel and structural aluminum the values of am are:

Tank Shell Temperature, Value of Q ~ Z


1, OF per "F
SteeI
-70 t o -21 0.0000060
-20 t o +28 0.0000061
+29 t o 78 0.0000062
79 to 128 0.0000063
129 to 177 0.0000064

--`,,`,,``,,,``,`,,``,,,```,```-`-`,,`,,`,`,,`---
178 t o 227 0.0000065
228 to 276 0.0000066
277 t o 326 0.0000067
327 t o 376 0.0000068
377 t o 425 0,0000069
Aluminum
-70 to -11 o.oooo122
-10 to +49 o.oooo124
4-50 t o 109 O.oooO126
110 t o 169 O.ooOo128
170 to 229 O.oooO130
230 t o 289
290 to 349 O.oooO134
350 to 409 O.ooOo136
The value of K for use in Section 10 is equal t o Ki from the curve shown in Fig. 7, divided
by 0.0000065 per deg F and multiplied by the proper value of am for the tank shell material
and temperat.ure; that is:

where:
cum = the mean coefficient of linear expansion between temperatures, t, and 60 F.

4M-Sept. 1966

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