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I. Course No.

: TD 111
II. Course Title: BASIC DRAFTING
III. Course Description:
This course deals with the scope of graphic language. It is applied to any drawing used to
express technical ideas. It aslo covers the knowledge, skills and values needed to prepare
and interpret diagrams, engineering abbreviation and drawings, symbols and dimensions
and with application to the field of Electronics.
IV. Unit Credits: 2 Units
Hours / Weeks: 108 Hours / 18 Weeks
Term: First Year, First Semester
V. General Objectives:

At the end of the semester, the students are able to:


1. Identify and draw different drawing types
2. Identify various tools used in technical drawing and demonstrate its proper use.
3. Manually draw objects/figures using various drawing tools.
4. Illustrate the proper stroke of letters, numbers and special characters.
5. Identify and draw different types of line used in technical drawing.
6. Demonstrate different techniques in geometric figure contstruction.
7. Identify and illustrate different types of measurement used in technical drawing.
8. Appreciate the use of technical drawing in the field of Electronics.
9. Draw simple electronic circuit and layout it on a Printed Circuit Board (PCB).

VI. Course Content Outline:

A. Freehand Drawing, Pattern Construction, and Drawing Tools Exercises

Specific Objectives:

At the end of each meeting, the students are able to:

1. Draw the standard drawing template using freehand drawing


2. Draw different objects using freehand drawing
3. Draw different object patterns using freehand drawing
4. Identify various tools used in technical drawing and illustrate its proper use.
5. Draw various object patterns using the drawing tools.

TOPIC OUTLINE:
1. Introduction
a. Definition of Technical Drawing
b. History of Technical Drawing
c. Different Types of Technical Drawing and its Uses
2. Freehand Drawing
a. Drawing Template
b. Object Patterns
3. Technical Drawing Tools
a. Proper Use

Methodology: Discussion, Drawing Illustration


Enrichment: Show actual devices, pictures and drawings
Tools and Equipment: Drawing Template, Drafting Table, T-Square, Ruler, Triangles, Drawing Compass,
Mechanical Pencil
Instructional Material: Books, Manuals
Value Integration: Appreciation, Cleanliness, Accuracy, Value on Standards, 5S

B. Lettering

Specific Objectives:

At the end of each meeting, the students are able to:


1. Illustrate the proper stroke of the letters in the English Alphabet
2. Illustrate the proper stroke of the numbers in the Hindu-Arabic Numerals.
3. Illustrate the proper stroke of the most commonly used symbols/special characters
TOPIC OUTLINE:
1. Letters
2. Numbers
3. Symbol/Special Characters

Methodology: Discussion, Drawing Illustration


Enrichment: Show actual devices, pictures and drawings
Tools and Equipment: Drawing Template, Drafting Table, Mechanical Pencil
Instructional Material: Books, Manuals
Value Integration: Appreciation, Cleanliness, Accuracy, Value on Standards, 5S

C. Alphabet of Lines, Geometric Constuction Techniques

Specific Objectives:

At the end of each meeting, the students are able to:

1. Identify and illustrate the different types of line used in technical drawing.
2. Identify the use of the lines used in technical drawing.
3. Draw the different geometric figures using various techniques.
TOPIC OUTLINE:
1. Alphabet of Lines
2. Geometric Construction

Methodology: Discussion, Drawing Illustration


Enrichment: Show actual devices, pictures and drawings
Tools and Equipment: Drawing Template, Drafting Table, T-Square, Ruler, Triangles, Drawing Compass,
Mechanical Pencil
Instructional Material: Books, Manuals
Value Integration: Appreciation, Cleanliness, Accuracy, Value on Standards, 5S

D. Graphical Projection

Specific Objectives:

At the end of each meeting, the students are able to:


1. Identify the different types of Graphical Projection and its uses
2. Know the rules in each Graphical Projection
3. Draw a three-dimensional object based on its isometric projection
4. Draw a three-dimensional object based on its orthographic projection
5. Interpret the isometric projection of an object into its orthographic projection.
6. Interpret the orthographic projection of an object into its isometric projection
TOPIC OUTLINE:
1. Graphical Projection Types
2. Isometric Projection
3. Orthographic Projection
4. Isometric Projection to Orthographic Projection
5. Orthographic Projection to Isometric Projection

Methodology: Discussion, Drawing Illustration


Enrichment: Show actual devices, pictures and drawings
Tools and Equipment: Drawing Template, Drafting Table, T-Square, Ruler, Triangles, Drawing Compass,
Mechanical Pencil
Instructional Material: Books, Manuals
Value Integration: Appreciation, Cleanliness, Accuracy, Value on Standards, 5S

E. Measurement

Specific Objectives:

At the end of each meeting, the students are able to:

1. Identify the different types of measurement in technical drawing


2. Know the rules in making measurements to an object.
3. Include a measurement to the main object drawn.
4. Use Dimensioning to indicate the measures of an object.
5. Use Scaling to indicate the measurement ratio relative to the actual size of the
object.
TOPIC OUTLINE:
1. Types of Measurement
2. Dimensioning
3. Scaling

Methodology: Discussion, Drawing Illustration


Enrichment: Show actual devices, pictures and drawings
Tools and Equipment: Drawing Template, Drafting Table, T-Square, Ruler, Triangles, Drawing Compass,
Mechanical Pencil
Instructional Material: Books, Manuals
Value Integration: Appreciation, Cleanliness, Accuracy, Value on Standards, 5S

F. Application of Technical Drawing to Electronics

Specific Objectives:
At the end of each meeting, the students are able to:
1. Identify and draw different electronic symbols
2. Draw Schematic Diagrams
3. Draw the multi-angle view of an electronic component
4. Include measurements in the electronic component drawing.
5. Layout a simple electronic circuit in a Printed Circuit Board (PCB).

TOPIC OUTLINE:
1. Electronic Symbols
2. Schematic Diagrams
3. Electronic Component (3D View)
4. PCB Layout

Methodology: Discussion, Drawing Illustration


Enrichment: Show actual devices, pictures and drawings
Tools and Equipment: Drawing Template, Drafting Table, T-Square, Ruler, Triangles, Drawing Compass,
Mechanical Pencil
Instructional Material: Books, Manuals, Datasheet
Value Integration: Appreciation, Cleanliness, Accuracy, Value on Standards, 5S

VII. Grading System


Written Examinations 50 %
Activities 40 %
Attendance 10 %
TOTAL 100 %
VIII. REFERENCES

1. Morling, K. (2010). Geometric and Engineering Drawing. Elsevier Ltd. 30 Corporate Drive,
Suite 400, Burlington, MA 01803, USA.
2. Projects and Circuits Vol. 1 Manila, Philippines: Electronic Enthusiasts Alexan
Philippines., 1982
3. Schultz, M.E. (2008). Grobs Basic Electronics. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221
Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020, USA.