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NICKY SCOTT

How to Make and Use


COMPOST
THE ULTIMATE GUIDE

INTRODUCTION
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
Introduction

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

CHAPTER 1

WHY MAKE COMPOST?


Compost feeds your soil, which feeds your plants.

Why make compost?

The soil microbes feed your plants and protect them from
pests and diseases.

There are over 600 million beneficial bacteria in just one gram of
healthy soil (about a level teaspoonful).

Compost buffers the extremes of acidity and alkalinity in a soil.

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Compost opens up clay soils.


Compost (and humus) improves the water-holding capacity of
free-draining sandy soils.

The tiny (colloidal) particles of humus create a massive surface area in


the soil. This whole area holds on to nutrients which would otherwise be
washed into the subsoil, beyond the reach of the plants roots.

Why make compost?

Healthier plants mean there is less need for toxic pesticides.


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Compost locks up carbon.

Why make compost?


CHAPTER 2

HOW DOES IT WORK?


How does it work?
Air Water Food Warmth Air Water Food Warmth Air Water Food Warmth

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


How does it work?

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

How does it work?

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


How does it work?

The right balance of materials provides the perfect environment for an


explosion of microbial populations. Colonies of bacteria can double
every hour as long as there is enough warmth.

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


How does it work?
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

How does it work?


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
How does it work?

CHAPTER 3

MAKING SUCCESSFUL COMPOST


Making successful compost
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Making successful compost


Caution: Do not turn heaps that are musty and dry give them a
thorough soaking first, otherwise you will be releasing all kinds of
bio-aerosols such as fungal spores, some of which are not a good idea
to inhale (especially which can lead to the
condition known as farmers lung).

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Making successful compost

CHAPTER 4

CHOOSING THE RIGHT


COMPOSTING SYSTEM
Choosing the right composting system
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Choosing the right composting system


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Choosing the right composting system


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Choosing the right composting system


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
Choosing the right composting system

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Choosing the right composting system


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Choosing the right composting system


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
Choosing the right composting system

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Choosing the right composting system


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Choosing the right composting system

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Choosing the right composting system

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Choosing the right composting system

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Choosing the right composting system


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
Choosing the right composting system
CHAPTER 5

COMPOSTING WITH WORMS


Composting with worms

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Composting with worms

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Composting with worms
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Composting with worms


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Composting with worms


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
Composting with worms

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Composting with worms
CHAPTER 6

USING YOUR COMPOST


Using your compost
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Using your compost


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Using your compost


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Using your compost

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Using your compost
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Using your compost


CHAPTER 7

COMMUNITY COMPOSTING

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Community
composting

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

CHAPTER 8

AZ GUIDE
AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
AZ Guide

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
AZ Guide

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


AZ Guide

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
AZ Guide

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


AZ Guide

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
AZ Guide

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
AZ Guide

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

AZ Guide

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

AZ Guide
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

CHAPTER 9

COMPOSTING FOOD WASTE


ON A LARGE SCALE
Composting food waste on a large scale
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
Composting food waste on a large scale
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Composting food waste on a large scale

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Composting food waste on a large scale

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Composting food waste on a large scale


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Composting food waste on a large scale


HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
Composting food waste on a large scale

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Composting food waste on a large scale

HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST


Composting food waste on a large scale

CHAPTER 10

COMPOSTING IN SCHOOLS
Composting in schools
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Composting in schools
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Composting in schools
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST

Composting in schools
HOW TO MAKE AND USE COMPOST
Composting in schools