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ENGLISH MATERIALS FOR

SEMESTER I

Class/Program : XII/ SCIENCE, SOCIAL, LANGUAGE

Year : 2013/2014

I. LISTENING
A. EXPRESSIONS
1. Asking and Giving Suggestion
2. Expressing Request
3. Giving Complaint
4. Expressing Possibility or Capability on Doing Something
5. Giving Instruction
6. Making Promise
7. Expressing view
8. Admitting a Fault
9. Blaming
10.Expressing Curiosity
11.Expressing Attitude
B. SHORT FUNCTIONAL TEXTS (poster, pamphlet, banner, etc.)
C. MONOLOG TEXTS ( Narrative, Explanation, Discussion)
II. SPEAKING : See LISTENING
III. READING
A. SHORT FUNCTIONAL TEXTS
B. NARRATIVE TEXTS
C. EXPLANATION TEXTS
D. DISCUSSION TEXTS
IV. WRITING : See READING

A.EXPRESSIONS

1. Asking and Giving Suggestion (pp. 163-164) SB p. 33
1.1. Listening Activity

A. Read the following dialogs
Dialog 1
Elang : Hey you look sick. Let’s go to the sick bay.
Ms. Yuyun will give you a treatment.
Eka : No … no … I’m really fine
Elang : O come on. You look pale. Don’t let
something worse happen
Eka : You could be right. O.K. let’s go there.

Dialog 2
Joy : Let’s think what we will write for our final
assignment.
Eraz : What if we write about acid rain? I don’t
think everyone knows about it.
Joy : Good idea. Any better ideas?
Gendhis : Don’t take a difficult topic. Eraz’s idea is
hard to do. Why not writing about how
tsunami happens? I have a book on it.
Besides, it is a hot topic lately.
Joy : What do you think, Eraz?
Eraz : It’s a good suggestion
Gendhis: O.K. I’ll bring my book tomorrow. Joy and
Eraz, please find some more information on
the Internet or newspaper. And Ratna, please
bring your laptop.
Joy : Consider it done.
Ratna : I will. Don’t worry.

B. Your teacher will ask you some questions about the
dialogs in Task A.
Listen to him/her carefully and answer the questions

C.Listen to the cassette and write down the expressions
you have heard!
1. Let’s get inside
2. Don’t be in a hurry
3. You’d better go early

4. Get your uncle a cup of tea, please
5. What if we take a rest now
6. Turn off the television and go to bed
7. Call 911 when you are in trouble
8. Perhaps you need to go on vacation
9. I think we should prepare ourselves now
10. How about asking Mr. Garin about this math
Problem

11. Study the following expressions
Giving a suggestion Responding
 We’d better have a break for lunch now  It’s a good
 Why don’t you ask your friend about the suggestion
assignment?  That’s a good
 I think you should take a taxi to the seminar idea
 We’d better make an English conversation  You are right
club  I think so
 Why don’t you ask your friend to do the task  Good idea
together?  Great!
 I think you should take a private course
 Perhaps you need to repair your motorcycle
tomorrow
 Why not asking Ms Vivi to check our work?
 How about going to McArthur Monument? It
has an amazing view

Instructing Someone Responding
 Read the text thoroughly so  Yes, thanks
you can answer the questions
 Don’t litter! It will clog the  No, I won’t
drainage
 Spend your time effectively to  O.K. Dad. I will
prepare the national exam.
 Please, stop here! I want to  Sure
buy some drink

1.2. Speaking Activity (XII IPA 4: 31 Juli 2012) perform on 7 August 2012

Your books are scattered around in your room. It’s really a mess. You plan to take her around your city. In other words. She/He suggests you to put the books which you don’t use on the shelf. You study hard for the coming mid-term test. the shopping mall and the souvenir market. How would the conversation go? 3. Your father/mother asks you to clean it up. like to the museum. Reading Activity Activity 1 Summary of Explanation Text An explanation text is a kind of genre that explains each step of process (the how) and to give reasons (the why) of something happens/occurs in scientific and technical fields. General statement : state the phenomenon to be explained . Some examples of explanation texts are:  How something happens  Why something occurs  Why things are alike or different  How to solve a problem  How something works The structure of an explanation text is as follows: 1. Your pen-pal is going to visit you for three days. The place is not far from your house. How would the conversation go? 2. She also suggests you to bring the raincoats because the weather is unpredictable. Make dialogs based on the following situation! 1. Your mother suggests you to take her to the beach. it tells how or why something happens/occurs.

Note the change of active sentences into the passive ones as follows: Tense Active Voice Passive Voice (V3) Simple eat/eats(V1/V1+-s/. It has been explained by Mam Sineri. am/are/is eaten (V3) Present es) Present am/are/is eating am/are/is being eaten continuous Present Have/has eaten Have/has been eaten Perfect Simple Past Ate (V2) was/were eaten . Look at the sentences:  Liana waters the flowers every day. in the second sentence. The sentence “It has been explained by Mam Sineri” uses passive form. Use complex sentence Grammar Focus 1. the agent becomes the object of the sentence. who does something (the agent = Liana) becomes the SUBJECT of the sentence. (Passive sentence) In the first sentence. Use passive Voice 3. I do. We use Past Participle (V3). (Active sentence)  The flowers are watered by Liana every day. Conclusion Common grammatical features in an explanation text include: 1. Meanwhile. 2. Use simple present tense 2. Conjunctions of time and cause 4. Passive Sentences Look at the sentences below A : Do you know the cycle of water? B : Yes. A verb is in the passive voice when its form shows that something is done to the person or thing denoted by the subject. Sequence of explanation : a series of paragraphs that tell the how or why (explanation) something happens 3.

Past was/were eating was/were being eaten Continuous Past perfect had eaten Had been eaten Simple Will eat Will be eaten future Modal Can/may/must/should Can/may/must/should eat be eaten Activity 2 Determine the active form of the following passive voices 1. =The students will do the test next week . Passive : John is called by Andi. Active : Andi calls John 2. Active : Tika is peeling the apples. Passive : The suitcase was kept by Cintya on the cupboard. The meals had been finished when we came. The test will be done next week. Passive : The apples are being peeled by Tika. Active : The writer writes the explanation text in simple present tense 8. Passive :The painters should exhibit the paintings in public place 7. =They had finished the meals when we came 10. Active :The paintings should be exhibited in public place. Passive : The explanation text is written in simple present tense. Passive : The house was being built by the men. Active : Cintya kept the suitcase on the cupboard 5. Active : The men were building the house 6. Passive : The flight will be taken off at nine in the morning Active : The pilot will take off the flight at nine in the morning 9. Passive : The motorcycle has been repaired by father. Active : Father has repaired the motorcycle 4. 3.

Gerund as a subject Examples: 1. Numberi has been promoted as a General Manager. 5. Please keep on trying although you often fail. Gerund as an Object Examples: 1. The message is being sent through internet. 2. Meanwhile the word ‘playing’ in the sentence is also gerund. My aunty is examined at hospital every two weeks. Mr. Tom and Jerry were caught last week. 2. a. 2. b. I don’t mind picking you up at the bus station A gerund is used: . 4. 3. What about you? A: Playing football is my favorite. The words ‘doing’ and ‘gardening’ in those sentences are gerunds. They function as the object of a verb. It functions as the subject of a verb. Writing poem is her hobby. Gerund Pay attention to the following dialog: A: What do you like doing in your spare time? B: I like gardening. Hendi is sending the message through internet. Remedy task Determine the active form of the following sentences! 1. Last night accident will be put in the morning news. Smoking is prohibited in this room. 2.

 I can’t help feeling that I hate the boy. you should practice speaking every day. verb or noun followed by a preposition Examples:  Vita is really good at singing.  Tomy apologized for arriving late. 3. In some fixed expressions Examples:  I can’t bear listening to the long speech. (The word joining is a gerund)  Dewi and Maria are joining English club. after an adjective. (The word joining is a present participle used in simple present continuous tense). 2. . 1. After some main verbs Certain verbs followed by a gerund are: Admit appreciate consider delay Feel like finish forgive Involve mention mind miss Put off recommend resent risk Detest give up practice understand Enjoy imagine prefer suggest Deny face escape postpone dislike Examples:  We have finished presenting our paper  If you want to master English well. Now compare the uses of the – ing form in the following sentences:  Joining an extracurricular activity is good for students.

From here I forget the way to our grandma’s house.K. We can’t see everything clearly.  Listening to a long speech is a boring activity. Louisa : (1)…………………………. we can continue our journey tomorrow... A moment later ……………………… Louisa : Why do you stop here? Harry : Sorry …. . Harry : Stop it.? Harry : Please. But we could have gone in the afternoon. 2. I know. not at night like this. Let us just try the path on the right. Louisa : (Crying) It is your mistake. It’s no use blaming each other. Now (6) ……………………. boring is a present participle used as an adjective). Harry :(3) ………………. Louisa : O. be calm. We should sleep here in the forest. LISTENING ACTIVITY Complete the dialog based on what you have heard! Harry : The path seems unfamiliar for me. Why did you ask me (2) ……………. Running away and going to grandma’s house are the best things we can do to escape from her.You always complain about (4) …………. Louisa : Yeah. (The word listening is a gerund. Moreover (5) ……………. Then.1.

 I’m sorry to say this.. …. I’m fed up with …. What if there was (7) …………. 2. Making Complaints  I want to complain about ……  (Well). Blaming someone  How could you do such a foolish thing?  I hope you are sorry  What on earth were you thinking?  I think you are the one to blame  Are you out of your mind?  It serves you right  I think you are the only person who could have done it  Its your fault for (doing something) 3.. O. Reading Activity THE SMARTEST PARROT . Let’s go Study the following expressions 1.Louisa : But sleeping here is quite dangerous.K.  Honestly. Just won’t do  Can you do anything about …..  Really. this is the most unsatisfactory  (I’m afraid). I think it’s better for us to go to a nearby house and (8) ……………… Harry : You’re right. I’m fed up with …. but ………. It just isn’t good enough  ….

“Say Catano or I’ll kill you”. Then he continued to humble. a man had a wonderful parrot. He opened the door and was very surprised. Just stay with them” Said the man angrily. After that he left the chicken house. There were three death chickens on . the man was very nice to the bird but then he got very angry. except one word. There were four old chickens for next dinner “You are as stupid as the chickens. I will eat you too. Although he tried hard to teach. the parrot would not say it. “You know. The next day. however the bird kept not saying the word. I will cut the chicken for my meal. The parrot would not say the name of the place where it was born. The parrot could say every word. He could not bear it. Once upon a time. One day.” the man said angrily. The man felt excited having the smartest parrot but he could not understand why the parrot would not say Catano. He picked the parrot and threw it into the chicken house. There was no other parrot like it. the man really got very angry. “Why can’t you say the word? Say Catano! Or I will kill you. He could not believe what he saw at the chicken house. stupid parrot”. Next it will be your turn. Then the man got so angry and shouted to the bird over and over. At the first. “You’re stupid bird!” pointed the man to the parrot. The bird kept not to say the word of Catano. The name of the place was Catano. the man came back to the chicken house. after he had been trying so many times to make the bird say Catano. The man tried to teach the bird to say Catano.

4. There were five old chickens 5. The man pointed to the parrot pointed the man to the that it was stupid bird parrot 2. The man said angrily to the 3. you. ______________________ _________ ________ 5. _________________________ 5. Read the fable of “The Smartest Parrot” again. See the examples given. Write down the direct speech found in the text.the floor. “You’re stupid bird!” 1. The man felt excited having the smartest parrot 4. Then. State T if the statement is true and F if the statement is false. Activity 7.The parrot was born in Catano 2. The man tried to teach the to say Catano bird.” the man said angrily. Direct Speech Indirect Speech 1. _________________________ 4. (Taken from: www. 1. the parrot was standing proudly and screaming at the last old chicken. change it into indirect speech. At the moment. “Say Catano!” 3. The man tried to teach the bird 2.The parrot could say every word 3.com) Activity 6. ______________________ _________ ________ NARRATIVE TEXT . The man tried to teach the bird to say Catano.narrative. “Say Catano! Or I will kill bird to say Catano or he would kill it. “Say Catano or I’ll kill you”.

horror. myth. Narrative text will . CAN BE IMAGINARY (fairy tales. The social function/purpose/aim/goal : IS USED TO ENTERTAIN. TO TEACH and TO INFORM which is gain and hold the reader’s interest in a story. etc. for better or for worse RE-ORIENTATION : closing to the narrative (optional) Notes: unexpectedly : tidak terduga arise : muncul/timbul resolve : menyelesaikan masalah/ menemukan jalan keluar worse : makin buruk/jelek Notes on Narrative Text It is important to know that the social function of the narrative text is to inform and entertain. folktale.) Generic structure/Organization of the text ORIENTATION :sets the scene (when & where) and Introduces participants/character (who) COMPLICATION : a crisis arises. something happened unexpectedly RESOLUTION : the crisis is resolved. fables. and legends.

Plot is a series of episodes which holds the reader’s attention while they are reading the story. narrative text is organized by the story of grammar. hear. narrative text need plot. To build this story grammar. This plot will determine the quality of the story. middle and end of the story. experience is what we do. science or realistic fiction Commonly. In this conflict. This conflict among the characters will drive the story progress. Narrative text is written based on life experience. In literary term. read. It will be beginning. myth. It provides an esthetic literary experience to the reader. feel. even what we dream. Narrative text is organized focusing at character oriented. legend. readers will be shown how the characters face the problem and how they have ability to handle that problem Analysis the Generic Structure Orientation: It sets the scene and introduces the . fantasy. or realistic tales  Mysteries. Conflict is the main important element of the plot. it includes fables. Some of them are:  Folktales.tell the story with amusing way. It is built using descriptive familiar language and dialogue. There are some genres of literary text which fit to be classified as the narrative text.

How hard he tried to teach the bird is the excitement element of the complication. next. A man and his parrot took place once time. meanwhile. Resolution: It shows the situation which the problems have been resolved. Then. In that parrot story. after that. 4 are describing the complication. readers see the problem is finished. Complication: It explores the conflict in the story. Note: In the middle of the story you can use. Activity 3. 3. To fix this problem. . In the last paragraph of the smartest parrot story. The parrot said the word with higher degree than the man taught the word to it. then. the man attempted to teach the bird. Readers will find that the man face a problem of why the parrot cannot say Catano. It will show the crisis. so. The parrot could talk the word which the man wanted. It must be our note that “resolved” means accomplished whether succeed or fail. paragraph 2. In the parrot story. subsequently. etc. second. That was the smartest parrot. Read the text carefully. afterward. the first paragraph is the orientation where reader finds time and place set up and also the participant as the background of the story.participants/characters. third. answer the following questions. rising crisis and climax of the story.

He really loved his wife who was being pregnant. He was afraid. I am the one who have an authority here in Tami river. Although he already searched for awhile. Towjatuwa had an elder of the village help his wife. He hoped that his child would be a great hunter in the future. One day his wife was ready to deliver the baby. it seems that your wife can’t deliver the baby as usual. The crocodile then moved and yawned. he have not found any sharp and clean stones. he heard a moan from around the rocks and when he searched for the sound. “Don’t be afraid. I really appreciate your help over me. Towjatuwa started to be panic. He moved the stone and the the crocodile could move freely. Towjatuwa was amazed because the crocodile could speak. “My name is Watuwe. Towjatuwa and a Crocodile Towjatuwa lived in the inland of Papua. we need something sharp and clean to bring out the baby from the womb” said the elder. When steping up on rocks. Towjutuwa then saw that the crodile has a big body and sharp teeth. Towjatuwa then went to Tami river. he saw a crocodile whose tail is stucked with a stone. the expected baby could not be delivered by his mother. “Towjatuwa. What are you looking for here . But. I will not attack you!” the crocidile said.

“I am looking for a sharp stone in order to help my wife to deliver the baby. How was the ending of the story? Happy/ sad? .in the river.” Said the man. Towjatuwa was really happy because his wife and the baby saved. I haven’t found one. When did it happen? 5. The crocodile fulfilled his promise. hey the man?” The crocodile asked. Now. What does the text talk about? 2. Watuwe came to Towjatuwa’s house. he promised before his baby and his descents that they would never hunt and consume the flesh of the crocodile. go home!” Towjatuwa then went home happily. He hope that the crocodile who had the authority over Tami river would help him. What happened to the main characters? 6. I will come to your house. At night. Questions: 1. With his sharp teeth. translated by Yusuf Sawaki). He saw Towjatuwa’s wife was really sick. Who are the characters? 3. Where did it happen? 4. From the time on. Short after. (Taken from Dancow Story Book. “I will help you. the baby was delivered safely. Watuwe then went back to the river. But. To night. they cut off Towjatuwa’s wife’s stomach.

Mr. Grammar Focus 1. My father is at home. S1 to be compl. 3. 2. To avoid repetition we can use ‘so’ and ‘too’ with the patterns: S1 + to be/Verb + O/Compl. so/too/either/neither Read the following sentences:  Snow White was beautiful and so was the Queen. Korwa’s family went to the beach last Sunday  My family went to the beach last Sunday and so did Mr.  . Korwa’s did too.  My father is at home and so is my mother  My father is at home and my mother is too.  My family went to the beach last Sunday and Mr.  We have done the test and so has she. We have done the test. My mother is at home. The sentences mean:  Snow White was beautiful  The Queen was beautiful. + and + so + aux. Korwa’s. + S2 S1 + to be/Verb + O/Compl. to be S2  Snow White was beautiful and the Queen was too. My family went to the beach last Sunday. She has done the test. + and + S2 + aux. + too Combine the sentences below using ‘so’ and ‘too’ 1.

2.  My father works at a bank and so do theirs/their fathers. Or = Nayla doesn’t like pets and neither does Mery. 4. Or = Lina will not see the movie and Agus will not either. Mery doesn’t like pets = Nayla doesn’t like pet and Mery doesn’t either. My father works at a bank. = Lina will not see the movie and neither will Agus. As : Sentence connectors Study the sentences: 1. The king asked for more gold to the god since he was greedy. For Negative sentence we can use ‘either or ‘neither’ with the Formula: S1 + V + O + and + S2 + aux. The old woman ate much food for she hadn’t eaten for few days. . Agus will not see the movie. + not + either S1 + V + O + and + neither + aux. Nayla doesn’t like pets. Lina will not see the movie. + S2 Examples: 1. Their fathers work at a bank.  My father works at a bank and their fathers do too. Since. For. 2. 2.

as can be used to give the reason for an action or situation (similar to because). Since. I decided to bring an umbrella. Examples: 1. As and since are used when the reason is already well-known. she is left behind in her study. LISTENING ACTIVITY 3 I. Since is a little more formal than as. As it was going to rain. Answer the questions based on what you have heard! 1. As my sister hasn’t been to Jakarta. What is the dialog about? . 3. Since Herlince didn’t come to school many times. I decide to accompany her to go there. For-clause never come at the beginning of the sentence. for.and since-clauses often begin the sentences. 3. Many people don’t like him for he is an arrogant person. As. 2. or is less important than the rest of the sentence.

Where does the dialog happen? A. The boy says. The students’ health during the final exam 2. Two teachers D. The students’ achievement in the final exam E. In a TV station B. or E for the correct answer! 1. In a radio station E. Two schoolmates E.C. what makes people in underdeveloped communities think deeper before buying the mobile phone? 5. The impossibility of passing the examination C. Choose A.D. The possibility of passing the examination B. but have you thought about underdeveloped communities?” What does the phrase ‘underdeveloped communities’ mean in Indonesian? II. Does the boy have the same opinion? Why? 4. A brother and a sister C. In a theatre D. Why does the girl think that it is possible for everyone to have mobile phone? 3. Two classmates 3. In a bank C. 2. Who are talking in the dialog? A. A teacher and a student B. What is the dialog about? A. “You’re right. According to the boy. In a mall . The preparation for the final examination D.B.

She expresses her opinion D. She asks about possibility B. Let’s see it together know….  I am curious about ….  I don’t know.  Don’t worry. An announcer B. “Actually. You’d better ask him  How can it happen?  Let me tell you about it  I’m interested to  So am I. A television presenter D.” What does it mean? A. A famous singer 5. I want to know how you can become a talented radio broadcaster. The girl says. I’ll show you how  I wonder why he could is (the process) …. She expresses her happiness EXPRESSING CURIOSITY EXPRESSING POSSIBILITY Expressing curiosity Responding  I really want to know  I am delighted to tell you about how…… it. She expresses her curiosity E. A famous actor E. 4. A radio broadcaster C. do such a foolish thing. She asks about impossibility C. Asking Possibilities Responding  Is it possible that Ika will come to my party?  I think so  Do you think we can finish our work on  I’m sure . What does the boy do? A.

Notice the texts below! Text 1 Text 2 . time?  Is there any possibility of going abroad to  That’s study for everyone? impossible SOME EXAMPLES OF SHORT FUNCTIONAL TEXTS task A.

Typically posters include both textual and graphic elements. although a poster may be either a wholly graphical or wholly text. Posters are designed to be both eye-catching and convey information. A poster is any piece of printed paper designed to be attached to a wall or vertical surface. They are a frequent tool of advertisers (particularly of .Text 3 The texts above are posters. Posters may be used for many purposes.

2 and 3) What does each text tell us about? LISTENING A. Choose A. A principal E. events. Posters are also used for reproductions of artwork. “I think it is a great idea.C. Have sports competition C. Visit an orphanage 5. Observe the texts above (text 1. In a final test D. A class captain D. An OSIS secretary C. He requests something . In a meeting E. She is dizzy 3. What happen to the girl? A. In a PE lesson B. propagandists. particularly famous works. which may be about a particular subject for educational purposes. Have a celebration party D.” What does it mean? A. In a class C. She has got a headache B. Help the victims of earthquake B.D or E for the correct answer! 1. When does the dialog happen? A. What will they do to celebrate the school anniversary? A. The boy says. She has got a backache D. A teacher 4.B. In an examination 2. Have a school bazaar E. She has got a toothache E. Write down the expressions you have heard! B. musicians or films). She has got a stomachache C. protestors and other groups trying to communicate a message. He make a promise B. Another type of poster is the educational poster. Task D. and are generally low-cost compared to original artwork. An OSIS chairperson B. Who is the boy? A.

may. I will pick it up. The functions of modal perfect are as follows: . The word ‘might have’ is a modal perfect. B : Really? She might have gone to Bandung. Have  Necessity  Linda has to make her bed in the morning To  Lack of necessity  Tonny doesn’t have to buy new mobile (negative) Should/  Advisability  We should/ought to join extracurricular Ought  90% certainty activities to  Rendy should/ought to finish his work soon Modal Perfect Read the following dialog: A : I didn’t see Maya in the farewell party last night.  Prohibition (negative)  People must not use drugs  95% certainty  Rendra is not in his classroom. A : Why was she in a hurry? B : She has to join the university-entrance test soon.  Willingness  The phone is ringing. should/ought to) Modals Use Examples Can  Ability/possibility  Rony can run fast  Informal permission  You can leave the meeting now  Informal polite request  Can I come to your house in the evening?  Impossibility (negative)  It can’t be true May  polite request  May I borrow your laptop?  formal permission  You may pick the roses  less than 50 % certainty  We don’t see Diana. A modal perfect is usually followed by past participle. She may be in the library Will  100% certainty  I will pick you up at four. have to. He expresses his view E. He must have lunch in the canteen. will. C. He gives something D. must. He expresses his happiness GRAMMAR FOCUS Modals (can.  Polite request  Will you give me some money mom? Must  Strong necessity  The students must go to school on time.

Might have Function: to express a possibility in the past. Example: Yesterday I passed your house. Adi : So. Should have Function: to express the belief that an event or situation are right and desirable. but it seemed that nobody was at home. Adi : Well. Example: You could have asked Andy to pick you up at the bus station. However the event didn’t happen. (6) ………………. Example: I’ve got flu.. Complete the dialog based on what you have heard! Retno : Yesterday was (1) ………… Adi : What happened? Retno : A police officer (2) …………… on my way home Adi : Did you commit traffic offences? Retno : (3) ……………………. .! I’ve told you a thousand times about your helmet. You and your family must have gone out. Example: I didn’t meet Rangga in the meeting. He might have been absent. Retno : Yeah.. but why should the penalty be a fine. Could have Function: to show that the subject had the capability or opportunity of doing something. but for some reasons he/she didn’t do it. 3. LISTENING ACTIVITY 4 A. 2.1.. I should not have played football in the rain. (5) …………………. what was the problem? Retno : I didn’t wear the standard helmet! And (4) …………… a steep fine. 4. Must have Function: to express a conclusion about past situation.

K. Adi : O. one of your classmates told me that you cheated in the test this morning. you are a good friend sometimes. you’re right. Teacher : O. please have a seat.K. Ma’am. Please ask Retno who sat next to me. Expressions of Accusing Someone Read the following dialog: Dani : Are you looking for me. State True (T) or False (F) for the following statements based on the dialog above! Correct the false ones. may be tomorrow. ____ Yesterday Retno was pulled over by the police on her way home. Adi : So. Retno : Yeah. (10) …………………. now Retno is broke. . ____ The penalty for traffic breakers decreases because they ignore the traffic regulation 4. ____ Because of the incident. Retno : But take a look at me now. B. That’s why you’ve got a very good mark. I intend to buy a standard helmet now. ____ Adi was fined because he broke the traffic regulation. if it’s only a warning. 5. 1. (8) ……………………. (9) ……………………. Ma’am? Teacher : Dani. I’m afraid you did it. What’s the matter. 2. Shall I take you home then? Retno : Thanks. Ma’am? Teacher : Yes. Study some Expressions below: 1. Adi : Of course. people will simply ignore that! So (7) ……………………………. Adi : You wouldn’t have said that if you had bought the helmet soon after they had this new helmet regulation. 3. I trust you. Dani : Absolutely not. Dani : Thank you. I will never do such a thing. ____ Tomorrow Retno will probably buy a standard helmet. what are you going to do? Retno : Well.

I have not  Admit it that you often bother me on the  But I never do it phone 2. . I’m not. Didi : How come? Keni : I was shocked when I saw a rather deep puddle in front of me. I’ve never done such a thing  You did all these. I take the blame  You’re right. “ Sorry. but the magazine slipped out of my hands. Kesya said. it’s my fault.” Is used to admit that she had made Didi’s magazine dirty. we’d better admit it so people will forgive us. it’s my fault. Trust me. Admitting Mistakes Read the following dialog: Didi : What have you done with my magazine? How did it get so dirty? Keni : Sorry. haven’t you?  No. Study some other expressions below: Accusing Someone Responding  I think you’re the only person who could  No. have done it  No one else would do such a thing but him  You’re probably right  You are the one to blame  No way.  I didn’t mean to  Yes. Every time we make mistake or do something wrong. I’m very responsible for this mess. Didi : How terrible.The sentence “I’m afraid you did it” is used to accuse someone. Here are some other expressions:  You’re right. didn’t you?  No. Keni : I’ve tried to clean it but not very successfully. I’m sorry. I didn’t do it  You have made this floor dirty.  I admit what I did was wrong. I shouldn’t have done it. I jumped to avoid the puddle. I accidentally dropped it in the puddle.

 I admit what I have done is wrong 3. Grammar Focus Contrastive Conjunction : though. although they live in small flat.  I really want to take a part time job. In spite of/Despite The conjunctions are followed by noun phrases. in spite of. Study some other expressions below!  I really want to do it.  We intend to buy a house rather than renting one. though The conjunctions are followed by clauses. The sentence in italicized typed is used to express one’s intention on something. despite. I want to follow a student photography contest.  I plan to spend coming holiday in Bali  I wish I could …………  I intend to continue my study in a medical school  I wish I pass the final exam with satisfying marks. Expressing Intention Read the dialog: Simon : Rina. although. In spite of/despite + (possessive adjective) + Verb-ing . Pattern: Although/Even though + Subject + Verb Examples:  Even though Nia had studied hard. she failed the test. even though. Patterns: a. 2.  I’m really longing for …. what are you doing with these pictures? Rina : Please help me choose some good pictures. 1.  The Blacks carry four cats. Although.

Virga : Come on. In spite of/Despite + noun Examples:  In spite of/Despite his bad cold. . Tony still played tennis. I just happened to know the story. about the story? Denias : Trust me! It’s not going to be surprising if I let you know the story. (3) …………. they didn’t get more than seven. Virga : But. LISTENING ACTIVITY 6 1. Thomas still played tennis.  In spite of/Despite their hard study.  In spite of/Despite the fact they studied hard last night. May be you’re right. Examples  In spite of/Despite (his) having a bad cold. you know the story. b. they didn’t get more than seven. Now she is having a conversation with Denias about the play she is going to watch. Denias : Yeah. they didn’t get more than seven c. My English teacher has told me the story Virga : (2) …………………? Denias : Hey.  In spite of/Despite (their) studying hard last night. in fact. you told me that (1) ……. and I think (5) …………… Virga : O. I think it would be a pity (4) ………… Denias : Virga. Complete the dialog based on what you have heard. it’s not going to be interesting if you know the story. Tony played tennis.. In spite of/Despite the fact + Subject + Verb Examples:  In spite of/Despite the fact Tony had a bad cold. have read or heard the story before? The title sounds so interesting. Virga : Denias. Denias.K. Dialog 1 Virga is going to watch a play.

 I don’t really feel like …….  I’m not really planning it. I must say ………..  Are you quite sure you won’t consider …… ? Preventing/Asking Someone not to do Something  You mustn’t …. .  I don’t really think you should ………. That’s for sure.  You can’t …..  You shouldn’t (really) ………….  You are not (really) supposed to ……….  I thought.  You’d better not …………….Study the expressions below! Making Plans  I’m thinking of taking the subject  I’m certainly going to …. I might …….  Regretfully.  (For goodness) don’t look!  Stop!/Wait! Regreting  I regret to say that ………….. Persuading  Why don’t you ……  I really think you’d do well to …. I would (wouldn’t) have …………..  I’m hoiping to …….  Are you really sure you can’t/couldn’t ……  Oh.. –ing …. come on!  Don’t be like that  Just this once  I really think it would be a pity if we didn’t ……  Can’t I persuade you to ….  I’m not going to … if I can help it  I’m certainly not going to ………..  I’m so sorry for ………  How could it happen?  If I had (hadn’t) …….  I’m going to …..

the chloroplast traps (6)_____ and converts it into (7) ___________ contained in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP).3. Expressions Listen to the cassette. In the second stage. to build with (13) _________ SEMESTER II I. and ATP provides the energy for this and other reactions used to (11) _______ These two stages reflect the (12) _________ of the term photosynthesis. So. Dialog 1 Diane : Rosie.3. How about you? . Thanks for reminding me anyway. LISTENING A. Diane : (2) --------------------.e. i. don’t you forget that tomorrow we’ll have a physics test? Rosie : (1) ------------------. Reading Activity A. two molecules used (8)_________ of photosynthesis. plant biologists divide it into two (4) ______________. the light-dependent (5) _______________. (NADPH) provides the (10) ________ that helps from glucose. Complete the dialogs based on what you have heard. and for the sake of (3) ______ and ease of understanding. In the first stage. Listen to your teacher and complete the text based on what you have heard! How Photosynthesis Works (1) ___________ is a very complex (2) ____________. have you prepared yourself for it? Rosie : I have. called the light independent (9) ________ (formerly called the dark reaction.

Amir : Thanks. Anyway. You could spend hours just soaking in the photos.again and again. Genre Listen to the cassette.than the last one. . what about yourself? What will you do after the graduation? Dian : (5) I intend to study mass communication. right? Dian : You’re right. Amir : Good choice.in their beauty.Diane : Me too. So. can open with (10) --------------------- . (4) ……. you will miss the well-written. (4) -------------------------. Dian : TOEFL? (2) Are you planning to study abroad? Amir : Well. we should study harder and do our best.Where are you now? Amir : I’m fine. what are you doing here? Amir : I am looking for a book about TOEFL preparation actually. Dian : Thanks B. It does not provide long. The first thing that you will notice about this book is the (2) -----------------. (3) There’s nothing to lose to try. You know. I (9) - ---------------------.but covers enough trivia to keep readers interested. Do you have it too? Let me tell you about the book. thanks. entitled Planet Earth: An Illustrated History. Now.and never give up trying. young and old. Dian. how are you? (1) ------------------------. The Editors of Time have once again brought together pictures that defy the (3) --------------. I think. informative captions and (5) -----------------------------. They capture animals and natural events that seem (4) ------------------------. Planet Earth seems to cover it all. The coupling of facts with images will open the heart of romantics to the (6) -----------. I have a new (1) -------------. Complete the following text based on what you have heard. Whether you want to learn about the Northern Lights or bees.. today there are many undergraduate scholarships offered by some foreign universities. right? Diane : Definitely! (5) I do hope that we can do the test well Rosie : Right.and cause the scientist to pause with wonder that is bigger than (7) --------. Rosie : That’s why. But. (8) ---------------. this is what I like from you. I’ve got a feeling that (3) --------------------------. However. if you close the book after looking at the photography. Dialog 2 Amir : Hello. I study at SMA 3. What a coincidence to meet you here! Dian : Amir! Hi.that accompany the pictures.Planet Earth as a gift that readers. Dian : You’re right. And you are at SMA 1.

Ben. Please tell me the truth. Donita : Thank you.. Donita.. I have. I tried to develop my imagination. Donita : I hope so. Thanks. (3) ……….1 Expressions A. Ben : (4) …………………………. have you read my short story? It is being displayed on the wall magazine. Donita : Um…. … is it good enough? Ben : Yeah. Actually. Comlplete the dialog based on what you have heard! Donita : Ben. (5)……………………………………… some day. I love that part. Ben : That’s true. Ben : Yes. Ben : Your imagination is really wonderful. You know. I tried to give the readers surprise. (2) …………………………. Donita : O. Donita : (1) …………………… I mean. It seems that you experienced it yourself. Your story is truly very ielonteresting. come on. . especially the ending. UNIT 4 4.