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Volume 13 Issue 2 May 2017

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Special Features
Aquatic Life
Desert Rangers
Amazing Thailand
Five Portraitists

Also Reviewed
Canon EF-M 55-200mm
Panasonic Leica
45mm f/2.8 Macro
Sigma 85mm f/1.4 Art
Zeiss 15mm f/2.8 Milvus
Oppo F3 Plus

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EDITOR
WELCOME
Hoshang S. Billimoria
TECHNICAL EDITOR
Rohinton Mehta
ASSISTANT EDITOR
Sujith Gopinath
COPY EDITOR
Unnati Sagar
PHOTOGRAPHY
Mahesh Reddy
HEAD-DESIGN & PRODUCTION
Ravi Parmar

A
ASST ART DIRECTOR s things change rapidly in the imaging world,
Nandkishor Sawant
we cannot help but look at the associated
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Sanjay Awad world of high fidelity music. In the1980s,
PRODUCTION SUPERVISOR the compact disc replaced the vinyl album or so we
Dinesh Bhajnik thought. Those who threw away their turntables and
HEAD COLOUR CORRECTION&QUALITY CONTROL their records must be rueing their decisions. Vinyl
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PRODUCT MANAGER
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Editor Hoshang S Billimoria

www.smartphotography.in 5
Cover credit: Sayan Acharjee
ISSUE 146 / MAY 2017

CONTENTS

36 Mastercraftsman
The masters of the craft share their insights and photographs

24 30 82
Kaleidoscope Showcase Ask Uncle Ronnie
A platform for budding photographers A photographic profile of the Our expert answers to
to exhibit their talent and get noticed! person behind the lens your queries
Smart Photography

Just a moment!
Readers can find the updated Buyers Guide, log on http://smartphotography.in/news/monthly-special

Smart Photography thanks the readers who participate in the Picture of the Month contest. We would like to bring to your attention a few changes in the rules for submission.
May 2017

From now on, you may send in your images with the longer side measuring atleast 17 inches. Please note that the images have to be horizontal. This permits readers to submit
panoramic shots, which was not possible with the current size of 17 x 11 inches.

6 www.smartphotography.in
CONTENTS
REVIEWS
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146
Special Features
Aquatic Life
Desert Rangers
Amazing Thailand
Five Portraitists

REGULARS LEARNINGS Also Reviewed


Canon EF-M 55-200mm
Panasonic Leica

10 Mailbag 86 Getting
45mm f/2.8 Macro
Sigma 85mm f/1.4 Art

the best out of Zeiss 15mm f/2.8 Milvus

ISSUE VOLUME
Oppo F3 Plus

10 | VOLUME
Bouquets, brickbats...we have a place cameras built-in flash Learnings

13 | ISSUE
HOW TO USE

10 | JANUARY
for your valuable feedback Ashok Kandimalla provides you tips to get the BUILT-IN FLASH

2 | MAY 2014
12 Newswatch
IMAGE RESIZING

2017
best out of your cameras built-in flash
Interview Profile
Natalia Arantseva Sivaguru Noopuran PORTRAIT LIGHTING

News from the industry, fresh from


the oven 91 Image Editing Part 6
In this tutorial, Uncle Ronnie explains
REVIEWS
CANON
G1X MARK II
CANON
35MM F/1.4L II USM
INDIAS NUMBER 1 IMAGING MAGAZINE!

Volume 13 Issue 1 April 2017


12th
Annivers
RS.150

ary

22 Picture of the Month the technical aspects of image resizing

94 Portrait Lighting
SUBSCRIBERS COPY TOTAL PAGES 172

Its time for rewards and here it is... Learnings

35 Wishes

145
COLOUR
MANAGEMENT
from the Industry Lighting is a very crucial element IMAGE EDITING
Travel Features

Wishes keep pouring in for in portraiture and here is a how you do Ajay Sood
Randeep Singh

it right
Smart Photography 12th Anniversary

43 My Life with Cameras 102 If I Were You


Our expert explains how your
Special Features

ISSUEVOLUME
Vikas Sharma

A photographer remembers all those

10 | VOLUME
Francis Mascarenhas

pictures can be taken to another level Saurabh Dhowan

13 | ISSUE
special gear that shaped his career
Ashish Vaishnav

10 | JANUARY
Krushit Vanzara Also Reviewed

1 | APRIL 2014
AF-P Nikkor 70-300mm
f/4.5-6.3G ED

2017
Interview Profile Photo Feature HTC U Ultra
Ravindra Joisa Sajid Aboobaker Butchart Gardens Vivo V5 Plus

INDIAS NUMBER 1 IMAGING MAGAZINE! RS.150

Smart

EW S
SAMYANG

RE VI
NIKON SAMYANG 7.5MM F/3.5 VOLUME 12 | ISSUE 12 | MARCH 2017

SPECIALS REVIEWS PHOTOGRAPHY


D5600 14MM F/1.4 FISHEYE

SUBSCRIBERS COPY TOTAL PAGES 148

44 106
Special Features Learnings

Aquatic Life Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II

144
Avishek Majumder ARCHIVING
Nakul Sharma AND RETRIEVING
Rishish Pandey
Digant Desai sharing tips while taking The latest Micro Four Thirds flagship Tanvi Joshi
Vipin Gaur
IMAGE EDITING

us along an underwater voyage has all it takes to impress you

52 Desert Rangers
Sanak Roy Choudhury embarks on a
110 Sony Alpha 6500
Sony ups the ante with this feature-
trip to document a camel race in Oman packed mirrorless challenger ISSUE

114 Canon
VOLUME

SPECIAL
10 | VOLUME

58 Amazing Thailand
Profile
EF-M 55-200mm
12 | ISSUE

Yaseer Alaa Mobarak


1012

Interview
| JANUARY
| MARCH 2017

f/4.5-6.3 IS STM Agnisoonu K.


SMART PHOTOGRAPHY

A photographic journey through the


CAMERA OF THE YEAR
Canon 5D Mark IV
Also Reviewed
2014

Xiaomi Redmi Note 4

major attractions of Thailand A compact telephoto zoom that fits in your


handbag

62 Five Portraitists 116 Panasonic Leica 45mm SUBSCRIBE


NOW
Five portrait photographers Amit
Rane, Amrish Parikh, Kaushik Bhatia, Pankaj f/2.8 Macro
Narshana and Sayan Acharjee share their A compact macro lens for life-size imaging
best images
118 Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG PAGE 4
76 Cloud Storage... Unclouded
All you wanted to know about cloud-
HSM Art
This premium portrait lens from Sigma will force
you to sit up and take note
based storage and solutions

120 Zeiss 15mm f/2.8 Milvus


This lens combines the unmatched
optical precision of Zeiss with aesthetic design
elements

80
SMART 122 Oppo F3 Plus
TRAVEL If group selfies are your poison, this
Smart Photography

smartphone will entice you


CONTEST
May 2017

8 www.smartphotography.in
AG
ILB
MA CANON CANON INDIAS NUMBER 1 IMAGING MAGAZINE! RS.150

12th
REVIEWS G1X MARK II 35MM F/1.4L II USM

Volume 13 Issue 1 April 2017 Annivers


ary

SUBSCRIBERS COPY TOTAL PAGES 172

Learnings

145
COLOUR
MANAGEMENT
IMAGE EDITING
Travel Features
Ajay Sood
Randeep Singh

Write to us at: Special Features

ISSUEVOLUME
Vikas Sharma

Smart Photography,

10 | VOLUME
Francis Mascarenhas
Saurabh Dhowan

13 | ISSUE
Ashish Vaishnav

10 | JANUARY
Krushit Vanzara Also Reviewed

Next Gen Publishing Ltd,

1 | APRIL 2014
AF-P Nikkor 70-300mm
f/4.5-6.3G ED

2017
Interview Profile Photo Feature HTC U Ultra
Ravindra Joisa Sajid Aboobaker Butchart Gardens Vivo V5 Plus

Trade World, C-Wing, 2nd Floor,


Kamala Mills Compound, Senapati Bapat Marg,
Lower Parel(W), Mumbai 400013.
E-mail: sp@nextgenpublishing.net

Congratulations
Dear Editor,
Congratulations on your 12th anniversary. The photo feature in the April 2017 issue of SP -
Butcharts Gardens Victoria BC was one of best photo features. It reminded me of the Mughal
Garden located in Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi. Thank you Smart Photography for this visual
treat.
Yours faithfully,
Mahesh Kapasi

Awesome Stories!
Respected Editor,
The 12th anniversary issue of Smart Photography was wonderful. The travelogues about the
Caribbean Cruise, Philippines and Odisha were not only informative but the images featured
therein were lovely. Cheers to team SP for featuring such awesome stories which take the readers
on a virtual trip to different places around the globe.
Best wishes,
Niharika Agarwal, Mumbai.

Best Wishes
Dear Editor,
I would like to congratulate you and the entire Smart Photography team on completing 12
successful years. I have been a reader of your magazine almost since its inception and truly believe
that SP, with each passing year, has become a major source of knowledge and all the technical
know-how of photography. Keep up the amazing work!
Smart Photography

Cheers!
Manish Joshi, Bhopal.
May 2017

10 www.smartphotography.in
W S
SP NE International

Snippets LG introduces W7
RadioShack Corp., a US consumer
electronics retail store, files for
bankruptcy for the second time
wallpaper OLED TVs
L
in a span of 2 years, faced with a G electronics announced
challenging retail environment and the launch of the W7
an unsatisfying partnership with range of OLED TVs
Spring Corporation. which were first showcased
at the CES 2017 in Las Vegas
earlier this year. The Picture-
Yahoo announces the launch of a on-Wall 0.2-slim design of
new feature in Flickr: The ability to these televisions is unique and
search for images that are visually the company aims at selling
similar to a single given image. twice more OLED TV units
as compared to the sales of
previous year. The new range
Xiaomi plans to roll out retail of televisions will be available
outlets overseas. The company aims in 65- and 77-inch sizes. The
at capturing the Chinese market as 65-inch model weighs just
well as winning more buyers at a 18 pounds and the 77-inch
global level. model weighs 27 pounds. HDR. The company claims aims at boosting
The display panel of the W7 that its latest OLEDs are even its production capacity
range of TVs is light enough to better, with 25 percent higher and plans to invest around
Canon Australia launches a new hang like a piece of art. Along peak brightness - up to 1,000 a trillion yen in order to
64-inch roll-to-roll wide format with 4K resolution, the W7 nits in highlights, and better increase the supplies, thereby
printer, the Colorado 1640, the first range supports Dolby Vision, color - 99 percent of the DCI reducing the production cost
printer that uses Canons new UV HDR10, HLG and Technicolor color space. The company of its panels.
gel technology, designed for quality
outdoor and indoor graphics.

Camera Raw 9.9 update now


available in PhotoShop CC and Canon to launch
Creative Cloud application. Cameras
supporting the latest update are:
Canon PowerShot G9X Mark II
surveillance drones
C
Casio EX- ZR 3200 anon Inc recently and is capable of capturing installing its imaging devices
Fujifilm GFX 50 S announced that the images in the dark. In the on Prodrones drones.
Fujifilm X 100 F company will be year 2016, Canon Marketing According to Impress Corp.,
Fujifilm X A 10 entering the drone market Japan, made an investment of a research company, Japans
Fujifilm X T 20 with Prodone. Canon Inc. around a hundred million, in drone market including
Leica M 10 will install its multipurpose Prodrone - a Japanese drone - hardware, peripherals
Olympus E-M1 Mark II camera, the ME20F-SH, making company. Canon and services, will grow
Panasonic DC FZ 80 on the PD6E2000-AWCJ1 stated that it will act as the up to 211.6 billion yen
Panasonic DC GF9 which is an industrial companys prime distributor, by 2022. Canon targets a
Panasonic DC GH 5 drone developed by sales revenue of 5
Panasonic DMC TZ 82 Prodone. The drone billion yen from the
Phase One IQ3 100 MP is designed to be used drone business by
for surveillance during the year 2020. Canon
natural calamities and will conduct flying
disaster relief. The experiments using the
ME20F-SH is an ultra- PD6E2000-AW-CJ1
Smart Photography

high sensitive camera at the drone tech lab


which can shoot at ISO in Sendai, Japan. The
4 million. The drone PD6E2000-AWCJ1
May 2017

can endure extreme drone will be available


climatic conditions in July, 2017.

12 www.smartphotography.in
International

Canon launches
PowerShot SX730 HS
C
anon Inc. announced the sensor, image processing engine
launch of a new compact DIGIC6 and high-speed ISO up to
digital camera, the 3200. The 3-inch LCD monitor
PowerShot SX730 HS. This new of the POwerShot SX730 HS is
compact camera, with a 40x tiltable up to 180 degrees. Its
zoom lens, with be available in new features includes a Selfie
the market by the end of May, mode and Beauty Flash mode.
2017. The PowerShot SX730 The camera also has a Bluetooth
HS is an upgraded model, a low energy mode as well as
successor of PowerShot XS730 Wi-Fi and NFC enabling remote
which was released in March, operations. The company has
2016. The SX730 HS provides not suggested the list price
an enhanced selfie function but it will be sold online for
and 1/2.30inch 20.3 MP CMOS approximately 48,500 yen.

Kenko Tokina adds Hasselblad wins the


new ND filters to the Red Dot Award
ZX Series
K
enko Tokina Co. has added The filter surface is coated with
new ND filters in its ZX ZX ND coating to repel water/oil/
Series which have been dust splash. The filter has a dry
recently launched and are now loop finish and is knurled around
available in the frame to make it easier to put
the market. it on and off the lens. In order to
The new ND reduce light reflection, the inside
filter features a of the metal frame is edged in a
floating frame V-shape. The series comes in two
system that types ZX ND8 adjustable with 3
provides high steps and ZX ND 16 for 4 steps.
flatness with little burden to the Filter threads range from 49mm to

H
glass element. The filter glass 82mm. Suggested list prices range asselblad was the first in The X1D-50c was awarded
features high transmittance range from 7,200 yen for 49mm type to the world to introduce for its top design quality. This
from visible light to infrared light. 16,900 yen for 82mm type. a mirrorless digital year, the competition received
medium format camera the entries from more than 5,500

Sony introduces new camcorder X1D. The ground-breaking


innovation of the company
manufacturers and designers
from around 54 countries.
Sony Corp has launched its new digital HD camcorder HDR-CX470. recently won the prestigious The jury of approximately 40
The Sony camcorder features a Zeiss Vario Tessar 26.8-804 mm Red Dot Award. The X1D- independent designers, design
f/1.8-4.0 lens in 35mm format. It weighs only about 215 g including 50c won the Best of the professionals and specialist
battery. The HDR-CX470 incorporates a 1/5.8-inch Exmor R CMOS Best award in the Product journalists tested, assessed each
sensor and captures images at 9.2 MP and 2.29 MP for video. It Design category. The Red Dot individual product awarding the
Smart Photography

also provides 30x optical zooming and optical image stabilising jury assessed thousands of Honourable Mention for a well-
capability. Optional external memory cards are available for products from all over the conceived detail solution, the
Memory stick Micro (Mark2), Micro SD/ SDHC/SDXC cards. The world before deciding which Red Dot for high design quality
May 2017

model comes in two colors of black and white with expected price are the most extraordinary and and the Red Dot: Best of the Best
of about 37,000 yen. innovative designs of 2017. for ground-breaking design.

www.smartphotography.in 13
W S
SP NE International

Corning develops drone


mounted compact cameras
C
orning Inc. has camera features a
reportedly developed a CMOS sensor which
special-purpose compact can capture images
camera to be mounted on from the visible
drones to survey agricultural wavelength to infrared,
lands and also for geological spectroscope and
surveys. It utilizes an infrared GPS device. Launched
sensor and optical lenses. The globally in April, the
camera called - Corning Micro drone is available at
HSI 410 Shark - developed by expected price of one
the company for consumer million yen (approx).
use, utilizes the camera In Japan, the company
technology for military-use aims at selling 10 units
and artificial satellites. The in the initial year.

Winners of Istanbul
Photo Awards announced
S
ponsored by close to Mosul surrounded based in Gaza
Turkish Airlines, by terrorist group Daesh. with the Young
the Istanbul Photo Photographer Aris Messinis Photographer
Awards competition was won the first prize for Story Award. The
recently concluded and the News he covered for AFP. contest
winners were announced. Adam Pretty was awarded awarded
Photographed by French for Single Sports while prizes to 22
photographerFrederic Patrick Smith won the photographers
Lafargue Escaping Daesh first prize for Story from 17
was chosen Photo of the Year Sports. Mary Gelman countries.
2017 by the international was awarded for Story The winner Photo credit: Frederic Lafargue
jury of the 3rd Istanbul Portrait. Kemal Jufri of the Photo
Photo Awards. The images won first prize for Story of the Year received cash third-place winners were
displays the fearful passage Nature & Environment and prize of US$10,000 and the awarded US$3,000. Young
of a pregnant woman who Johnny Miller won first first prizes in all categories Photographer winner
was trying to reach a safe prize for Single Nature received cash prizes of was awarded US$3,000.
place under very hard & Environment. The jury US$8,000. Second-place For more information on
conditions, at the risk of awarded Hosam Salem, a winners received a cash the contest, visit http://
her life, from a district freelance photographer prize of US$5,000, while istanbulphotoawards.com/
Smart Photography
May 2017

14 www.smartphotography.in
W S
SP NE Business

Global printer sales in


2016 declines
A
ccording to a report by 33.03 million units in the year while Epsons sales have 4.3%, grabbing 36.1% market
IDC Japan - a Japanese 2016. Many major suppliers shown positive trends. In the share and sales of Canon and
unit of US research posted declined growth rate: fourth quarter of 2016, sales Epson were also favourable,
company IDC - inkjet and HP reported a drop of 8.4% were favorable especially in while sales of Brother Industry
laser printer sales worldwide from the previous year. Canon the Asia Pacific region barring and Samsung declined,
dropped 4.1% year-on-year to Inc. also posted a 1.5% decline Japan. Sales of HP increased according to IDC Japan.

Nikon to establish an optical


engineering division
N
ikon Corp., as a part of and differentiates it from its to avoid any missed business accumulated and evolved in the
their reconstructing competitors. Aggregating opportunities. This new Optical new division to develop optical
plan which was all the optical engineering Engineering Division is an products that create new value.
announced in November 2016, functions, distributed in organization that works towards All the functions related to the
has established an Optical each division, is intended to all the mechanical and system manufacturing technology of
Engineering Division. The create a synergistic effect and engineering functions related to optical components, which were
establishment of this dedicated enhance multi functionality. optical equipment and optical previously owned by Nikon
unit is aimed at enhancing the The company hopes that this solutions. Optical designs for Corp. and its group companies,
manufacturing technology of step will help enabling flexible semiconductor manufacturing have now been brought together
optical components which is development of resources to equipment, cameras and at Tochigi Nikon Corp. as of
the companys core competence the area as necessary in order microscopes, etc. will be February 1, 2017.

Canon leads
global IL market
Konica appoints Daisuke Mori as
Canon Inc. recently
announced that the companys
the new MD
K
interchangeable lens digital onica Minolta has a chief representative for Minolta has shown a
cameras, including D-SLR announced the the Indonesian office. He tremendous growth in the
and mirrorless cameras, have appointment of has also handled various Indian market and now
maintained the No. 1 position Daisuke Mori as the new operations in China and has become a dominant
in the global market for over 14 Managing Director of Konica South east countries. technology company in
years (2003 to 2016).The reports Minolta Business Solution Daisuke Mori, Managing providing printing solutions.
are based on a survey conducted India. As the new MD of Director, Konica Minolta I look forward to use my
by Canon Inc. The company also Konica Minolta, Daisuke Business Solutions India knowledge and expertise to
launched a range of products, Mori will be responsible Pvt. Ltd said, It is a build a profitable growth
including some professional for the strategic directions, privilege to be a part of this and also create value
models in the EOS-1D series and operational executions and company; I am delighted and for various stakeholders
the EOS 5D series which has paved overall leadership of the thankful to the KM Japan including employees,
the way for D-SLR video recording. Indian business. Mori has management for showing customers and partners. In
In the year 2016, Canon Inc. more than 25 years of hands faith and confidence in me the coming year, would like
introduced a lineup of IL camera on experience in the printing by providing an opportunity to meet as many customers
Smart Photography

products such as the EOS 80D for industry; he started his to lead a team of the fastest and the partners to
advanced-amateurs, the EOS- career in 1992 at Minoltas growing operations in understand their challenges
1DX Mark II, the EOS 5D Mark IV, sales division, Japan. In Konica Minolta worldwide and how we can support
May 2017

capable of 4K video, and high-end his career span in Konica community of more than our customers for mutual
EOS M5 mirrorless camera. Minolta, Mori has served as 150 countries. Konica growth.

16 www.smartphotography.in
SP N
National EWS
Sony India launches Xperia XA1
S
ony India recently unveiled Actions is a new addition to the
the newest member of its latest Xperia range including
X series, Xperia XA1. The XA1 that aims to understand
new Xperia comes with high-end the usage patterns and suggests
specifications, including a 23MP customisable settings and
camera with a 1/2.3 Exmor RS personalised recommendations.
for mobile sensor and a f/2 XA1 comes with an internal
lens. with focal length f/2. The memory of 32GB which can
front camera provides 8MP be expanded upto 256GB. The
resolution with 23mm wide- smartphone comes bundled
angle lens. XA1 makes capturing with a quick charger UCH12 and
selfies easier with its Hand Type-C USB port. Its reversible
Shutter feature. Along with a charging cable enables faster
borderless design, XA1 features data transfer. The newly
an edge-to-edge HD (720p) 5 launched Xperia XA1 is available
screen. Xperia XA1 comes with in all Sony Center and major
latest Android Nougat operating electronic stores across India at
system and MediatekHelio P20 INR 19,990 in White, Black and
octa-core processors. Xperia Pink variants.

iBall Slide Wings 4GP launched


i
Ball recently and is powered by Quad core in-built iBall Care for online
announced its newest 1.3GHz processor. Backed software updates. It has a
addition to the Tablet by 2GB RAM, the tablet storage capacity of 32GB. The
PC category - iBall Slide comes with a 4300mAh additional features include
Wings 4GP. It enables HD battery. It is a dual SIM preloaded apps like Excel,
Voice Call, Video Calling device which offers voice PowerPoint and Word and
and improved efficiency over 4G LTE technology and 9 Indian regional system
between simultaneous runs on the Android 6.0 languages support along with
Voice and 4G data. Marshmallow. iBall Slide 21 Indian regional languages
iBall Slide Wings 4GP Wings 4GP features a 5MP for read/write support. The
comes with a 20.32cm AF rear camera with LED iBall Slide Wings 4GP is
(8) HD IPS multi-touch flash and 2MP front camera. available across India for just
display. It provides a It also supports G-Sensor for Rs. 9,999/-.in silver chrome
1280x800 resolution Auto-rotate screen and an colour.

Nikunj Rathod wins Sony


World Photography Award
T
he judges of the India National Award. Nikunj in the India
2017 Sony World Rathod is a 29-year- old National
Photography Awards filmmaker and an award- Award
announced the winner for the winning photographer based category.
Smart Photography

worlds largest photography in Mumbai. In 2016, Nikunj In 2017,


competition on March 28. was shortlisted in the Open he won 1st
The photograph Reckless category for Sony World place in India
May 2017

Kids by Nikunj Rathod, was Photography Awards and National Award and was category in Sony World
announced the winner of also won the 2nd position commended in motion Photography Awards.

www.smartphotography.in 17
W S
SP NE National

Nikon launches D7500


N
ikon Copr., recently weighs approximately 720g
launched its newest DX- and it comes with SnapBridge
format D-SLR D7500 in and built-in Bluetooth and
India. Equipped with EXPEED Wi-Fi. The new D-SLR features
5 image-processing engine, a touch-operated, slim-tilting
the D7500 features au updated monitor with an intuitive touch-
Nikon DX-format 20.9-megapixel controlled user interface. The
CMOS sensor with an ISO range D7500 will be available from
of 100 to 51200. The D7500 June 2017 onwards for INR
also supports 4K UHD video 96,950 (body only), and INR
recording. It can caputure 115,450 (with AF-S DX NIKKOR
continuous high-speed shots 18-105mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR
up to 50 shots with each burst lens). For further information,
of approximately 8 frames- visit: http://www.nikon.co.in/
per-second. The D7500 (body) en_IN

Photofry - a
contest for
Epson launches SureColor P5000
E
pson
photography announced
enthusiasts the launch
of the new
Apac photography institute Epson SureColor
has organized third P5000 17 wide-
PHOTOFRY photography format Inkjet
contest which is open to all. printer in India.
This contest is divided into The SureColor
three subjects. Maximum five P5000 will be
entries will be acceptable per
the successor
subject per participant. The
of the iconic
subjects for the contest are:
Epson Stylus
Candid, Love and Portrait.
Pro 4900. Ideal
The panel of judges include
some of the biggest names in for professional
Indian photography industry, photography,
such as Shyam Manchekar, fine art,
Vishwas Morye and Chitra graphic design
Gokhale. Open judging will and proofing
be held in the second week of applications,
September. The first, second, it features the photography, fine art and sheets from 8x10 up to
third prize-holders along advanced PrecisionCore graphic design applications. 17x22. The SureColor P5000
with two runner- up (per TFP printhead and Epson The SureColor P5000 features also features a front feed
subject) will be awarded. Precision Dot screening auto-switching between the straight path for delicate fine
Winning entries will be technologies. The SureColor high-capacity front paper art sheet media, including
exhibited on 28th and 29th P5000 supports two different cassette and roll media feeder. poster board, up to 1.5mm
October, 2017, at the Piramal ink configurations. The It includes a power-driven thick. Auto-switching between
Art Gallery, Nariman Point, SureColor P5000 Standard roll media spindle, ideal for roll and cassette sheet feeding
Mumbai. To know more about and Designer editions producing panoramas and allow both sources to be
the terms and conditions of leverage Light Black ink roll printing up to 100-feet, loaded at the same time. The
the contest or participate, for twice the overall print and an internal high-speed dimensions of the P5000 are
Smart Photography

email apacinstitute@gmail.
permanence, smooth and single pass rotary cutter. 863mm X 766mm X 863mm
com. You can also visit their
neutral tonal transitions The high-capacity cassette and it weighs about 52kgs.
website: www.apacphotofry.
and support of the Epson can hold up to 100 sheets The Epson SureColor P5000
com
May 2017

Advanced Black and White of premium paper for high will is available in the Indian
print mode, ideal for productivity printing on markets at INR 169,999.

18 www.smartphotography.in
National (Exhibition)

Hussain Nalwalas solo exhibition


concluded
A
n exhibiton of wildlife
photography titled
Through My Eyes
by Dubai-based Hussain
Nalwala was on display at
the Jehangir Terrace Art
Gallery from 5th to 11th
Photo credit: Hussain Nalwala

April 2017. Hussain Nalwala,


a retired businessman,
has a great passion for
nature and wildlife and his
superb images captivated
all those who witnessed the
exhibition. The exhibition
was inaugurated by Rohinton
Mehta, Technical Editor, awards and medals apart from California, USA; LRPS from (International), as well as
Smart Photography. Hussain the distinction of Fellowship The Royal Photographic AFIAP, APSI, APSNJ and EPSA
Nalwala has been honored from the Image Colleague Society, UK and GPU Cr2 from from the Photographic Society
with several international Society (FICS) International, Global Photographic Union of America.

Candid shots of M. F. Bene Captus


Husain exhibited at photo exhibition
Stretched Terrains concluded
S
tretched
Terrains - a
string of
exhibitions - is
currently on display at
Kiran Nadar Museum
of Art (KNMA), New
Delhi. Curated by
Roobina Karode, the
exhibition opened on
3 February, 2017 and
it will run until 31
July 2017. The show Photo credit: Parthiv Shah
encompasses seven interconnected captured artist M. F. Husain
exhibitions and it is, by far, the amidst different actions, from
biggest show put together by reading a newspaper in a busy
KNMA with approximately 500 market and roaming the streets Photo credit: Ashish

S
works. Sadak.Sarai.Sheher.Basti: of Nizamuddin basti, knocking ymbiosis School of Photography hosted their
The recurring figure - a part of doors, listening to the poetry of seventh photo exhibition Bene Captus at the
the Stretched Terrains is a playful mechanic-poet who lives near the Piramal Art gallery, NCPA, Nariman Point,
Smart Photography

aspect of M. F. Husain which is dargah to drinking tea and walking Mumbai, from 14th-18th April 2017. It showcased
presented through the photographs barefoot. There are 66 photographs works from ten different genres of photography. A
of Parthiv Shah. Most of these of M. F. Husain by Parthiv Shah total of 300 exhibits created by 150 students were on
May 2017

images were taken during the that are currently on display at the display. The exhibits were very well appreciated by
years 1992-1993. Parthiv Shah has show at KNMA. one and all.

www.smartphotography.in 19
PICTURE OF THE MONTH

A NOTE TO OUR READERS


1. The picture has to be horizontal. 4. We do not check images on online galleries.
2. Kindly ensure that the longer side should measure atleast 17 inches, at 300ppi. 5. Kindly ensure complete contact/address details are provided.
3. Low resolution images will not be accepted. 6. Please make sure that your picture does not have your name/logo on it.
g raph by
P h o to
Shirsat
Milind

PICTURE OF THE
MONTH
We are sure that all of you have a few
pictures that you think are prize worthy.
It happens very often that you dont know
where to send the image that could put a
feather in your cap. If you have such images
(were sure you have many!), send us ONE
such horizontal image. If it qualifies, we
shall publish it as a double-spread.
a. You have to guarantee that the picture
was shot by you
b. If there are people in the picture who can
be identified, well need a model release
c. The picture should not have been printed
elsewhere (magazine newspaper, or
offered to any publication)
d. Mark the entry as Picture of the Month
and rename the file using your name
e. You may send images via print/e-mail
to: Next Gen Publishing Ltd.,2nd Floor,
C Wing, Trade World, Kamala Mills
Compound, Senapati Bapat Marg, Lower
Parel (W), Mumbai 400013 (or) sphoto.
india@gmail.com
O PE ee
C rj
I D OS hatte
L h E C
KA aurab

Rural Identities
S

As told to Unnati Sagar


Camera: Nikon D90
Aperture: f/5.6
Shutter Speed: 1/200 sec
ISO: 320

Saurabh Chatterjee

S
aurabh Chatterjee
started photography
in the year 1990
with his dads basic
film camera and has
been trying to follow
his passion since
then. Saurabh has
won several awards
for his work. Saurabh
guides passionate and
aspiring photographers
through his photography
workshops and photo
tours. His works Sparkling eyes
have been published
in several national A hearty smile
and international
publications. To view
more of Saurabhs
work, visit his website:
siaphotography.in |SP
Smart Photography

Camera: Nikon D610


Aperture: f/3.2
May 2017

Shutter Speed: 1/400 sec


ISO: 200

24 www.smartphotography.in
Wrinkles of wisdom

Camera: Nikon D610


Aperture: f/4
Shutter Speed: 1/500 sec
ISO: 100

Prayers for thee

Smart Photography
May 2017

Camera: Nikon D90


Aperture: f/5.6
Shutter Speed: 1/320 sec
ISO: 500
www.smartphotography.in 25
Camera: Nikon D90
Aperture: f/4.8
Shutter Speed: 1/30 sec
ISO: 1600 Jumerat bazaar

Himachali man

The herdman
Smart Photography
May 2017

Camera: Nikon D600


Aperture: f/9
26 www.smartphotography.in Shutter Speed: 1/320 sec
ISO: 100
Camera: Nikon D610 Lambada lady Camera: Nikon D90
Aperture: f/8 Aperture: f/5.3
Shutter Speed: 1/80 sec Shutter Speed: 1/80 sec
ISO: 800 ISO: 320

Malana village girl


Camera: Nikon D600
Aperture: f/1.8
Shutter Speed: 1/640 sec
ISO: 200

Waiting by the door

Smart Photography
May 2017

Camera: Nikon D90


Aperture: f/5
Shutter Speed: 1/160 sec www.smartphotography.in 27
ISO: 200
A SE uran
O o WC op
SH guru N

Vibrant and Unrivalled


a
Siv

As told to Unnati Sagar Camera: Nikon D5100


A bright LED Aperture: f/6.3
Shutter speed: 1/125 sec
ISO: 800

Sivaguru Noopuran is a hobbyist


photographer from Bangalore.
Inspired by his fathers work
(landscapes and abstracts from
the film SLR days), Noopuran has
been pursuing photography since
Sivaguru Noopuran past 7 years. His passion towards
nature and wildlife drew him closer
to his hobby and he started photographing his encounters with
natures marvels. Noopuran describes photography as painting
with light. He also likes clicking pictures of people from different
regions and learning about their cultures. He believes that through
his photography he gets an opportunity to share his experiences with
other people.

Of black and gold


Smart Photography
May 2017

Camera: Nikon D5100


Aperture: f/6.3
Shutter speed: 1/125 sec
ISO: 800
30 www.smartphotography.in
Elephants are always a delight

Camera: Nikon D7000


Aperture: f/5.6
Shutter speed: 1/800 sec
ISO: 500
Camera: Nikon D500
Aperture: f/5.6
Shutter speed: 1/200 sec
ISO: 1000

Colours from the hills

Smart Photography

Camera: Nikon D7000


Aperture: f/6.3
A crimson delight Shutter speed: 1/125 sec
May 2017

ISO: 320

www.smartphotography.in 31
SE uran
Camera: Nikon D7000

A
Aperture: f/6.3

WC op
Shutter speed: 1/1250 sec

O o ISO: 500

SH guru N
a
Siv

Up above, they say it is beautiful

A lone monk
Smart Photography
May 2017

Camera: Nikon D5100


Aperture: f/2.8
32 www.smartphotography.in Shutter speed: 1/2500 sec
ISO: 250
Camera: Nikon D7000
Aperture: f/8
Shutter speed: 1/200 sec
ISO: 320

A game of shadows

Camera: Nikon D7000


Aperture: f/8
Shutter speed: 1/1000 sec
ISO: 200

Smart Photography
May 2017

Mahindra & Mountains

www.smartphotography.in 33
A SE uran
O o WC op
SH guru N
I am just a little girl with wrinkles

a
Siv

Mr. Garuda

Camera: Nikon D5100


Aperture: f/2.8
Shutter speed: 1/1600 sec
ISO: 250

Camera: Nikon D5100


Aperture: f/5.6
Shutter speed: 1/400 sec
ISO: 400

Camera: Nikon D7000


Aperture: f/16
Shutter speed: 1/125 sec
ISO: 200
A picture from heaven
Smart Photography
May 2017

34 www.smartphotography.in
AN
NIV
Best wishes on our Gr
ee ER
tin SA
RY
12th Anniversary
gs

(continued from previous issue)

Smart Photography like its name delivers some really Smart and
Gaurav Ghavri, relevant photography content for the pros as well as consumers . Smart
Product Head Imaging
Photography magazine ads are also a part of our annual spends as we
can reach out to the right user.
Business Group and AV
Accessory Wishing Smart Photography a great year ahead.
Panasonic India Pvt. Ltd.

Over the years, Smart Photography has been able to build its reputation as
one of the most respected magazine in the photography fraternity. Thorough
understanding of the technicalities and unbiased reviews are the hallmark of
their approach. Smart photography is also playing a pivotal role in introducing
new technology and trends catering to a large section of photo enthusiasts-
both amateur and professionals. Their contribution to promote the culture
of photography and new technology must be lauded. We congratulate Smart
Photography on its 12th anniversary. Eddie Udagawa,
Vice President -
Looking forward we expect that the magazine will continue to inform, entertain Consumer Imaging and
and educate todays budding photographers through a unique blend of technique Information Centre
articles, inspirational images, news and authoritative reviews through their in-
Canon India Pvt. Ltd.
house team and expert contributors who all have a passion for photography.

I would like to congratulate Smart Photography on their successful


completion of 12 glorious years! We have been actively associated with
the magazine during this time and have been associated with the team
even before this. They have continued to be a very strong opinion leader
of the Indian and global photo industry, and have been a valuable source
of information for photo enthusiast, professionals and the industry at
Seshan large. I wish SP, many more years of success and commend their efforts
Director in keeping this important journalistic endeavour so robust for the Indian
Shetala Agencies photo industry.

Congratulations to Smart Photography on completing 12


years of publication!.They have been a constant guiding force
and support for the industry and have always succeeded in
bringing forth the right choices to every photographer. Good
luck for many more years of success! R.Vijayakumar,
Director
Srishti Digilife Pvt. Ltd.

Hearty congratulations to everybody who contributed in elevating the


magazine to number one position in the market. Very proud to be associated
with this magazine for the past 6 years and overjoyed to step into its 12th
year. The magazine shares multitude of tips to professional photographers
and amateur photographers. Every month, focus on a particular subject sail
Smart Photography

the readers to the well of thoroughness. Suggestions on cameras and lens


quickens the decision of the buyer. A special photographers page explains
the technical, commercial and physical challenges the photographer
Vijay V S Bindra
encounters during a click. On top of everything, any doubts could be
Proprietor
May 2017

clarified with uncle Ronnie. In total, this magazine is worth buying.


Vijay Exim India

www.smartphotography.in 35
S M AN a
C R rant AFT sev
E R
MAST ia Ata l
Na
Smart Photography
May 2017

Nadya Chueva

36 www.smartphotography.in
Natalia Arantseva
Natalia Arantseva, is an internationally renowned

The eyes that


photographer, native to Russia but currently stays
and works in Mumbai, India. Her specialisation

Speak
is portraits, fashion and conceptual outdoor
photography. Natalia promotes photography through
various workshops she holds worldwide. Her style
is vividly unique which sets her apart. Her work
Natalia Arantseva is published in several European magazines and
newspapers. Being a passionate traveller, Natalia has
been to remotest of the places in the world, such as Papua, Irian Jaya, etc. to
document the lives of several local tribes, some of which remain cannibalistic
even today.

As told to Unnati Sagar

Please tell us about yourself. How pastel colours. After getting my first Once I was conversant with the basics,
did you get into photography? camera I had no idea where this new I felt the urge to continue. Its never
Since my early childhood, I was toy would take me to. In an instant I enough the learning never ends. If
fascinated by art in the form of discovered that I can continue to paint one has passion and lots of patience,
paintings and music. Visits to art with light! nowadays its not so difficult to learn
museums and classic music concerts the craft of photography with the help
used to overwhelm me. I also used to Did you undergo any special of internet. Endless hours of research,
draw, mostly portraits, with pencils or training in photography? reading, watching tutorials and then

Tasya Stepanova

Smart Photography
May 2017

Natalia Arantseva
www.smartphotography.in 37
S M AN a
C R rant AFT sev
E R
M AST ia Ata l
Na

Nashpreet Natalia Arantseva


Smart Photography
May 2017

38 www.smartphotography.in
Irina Stremyakova

Natalia Arantseva

Anastasia Cheprasova

Smart Photography

Natalia Arantseva
May 2017

www.smartphotography.in 39
S M AN a
C R rant AFT sev
E R
M AST ia A talpracticing, analysing the work of other
N a photography too. Unfortunately, we as a profession?
artists, all of this helped me a lot. cant excel in everything, so with time The only difficulty that I faced here
one must choose what is closer to is finding an appropriate location
Besides portraiture, what genres of their heart. for outdoor photography. I like to
photography interest you? create dreamy, fairytale-like images.
I love almost all genres! Wildlife and As a foreigner, what difficulties have I find Mumbai very environmentally
landscapes, portraits and macro you faced in pursuing photography challenging for my kind of work. To

Nevena Krstic

Natalia Arantseva
Smart Photography
May 2017

40 www.smartphotography.in
Pranati Rai

Natalia Arantseva

locate some quiet, green place devoid How do you scout for locations? and Mahabaleshwar. I shoot in the
of crowd, I have to go far away from Which is your favourite spot for morning hours when the light is soft,
Smart Photography

the city. Nature and light here is way outdoor portraiture? and at sunset during the golden/
different from that in Europe. Its I love forests as a background blue hours. I would especially like
difficult here, unlike in my country to my conceptual, storytelling to thank Toabh Talents agency for
May 2017

where nature is all around us and very portraits. My favourite places to providing me with models for my
few people are seen on the streets. shoot are Lonavala, Matheran workshops.

www.smartphotography.in 41
S M AN a
C R rant AFT sev
E R
MAST ia Ata l
Na Radhika Seth Do you prefer
indoor or outdoor
photography and
why?
I prefer outdoor
photography as it
provides me with
different backgrounds,
and free props. Its fun
to play around with
different compositions
and make your staged
images look more
candid.

Who do you consider


your mentor?
Which other
photographers work
inspires you?
I dont have
a favourite
photographer, but
I do have favourite
photographs!

What advice would


you like to give to
aspiring portrait
photographers?
Personally, I prefer
to shoot without any
distracting colours
or heavy makeup
and jewellery. To me,
the mood and the
emotional content
in the portrait is a
crucial aspect. Unless
I am doing some
commercial project on
fashion, I place greater
emphasis on the
models expressions
and on her eye contact
with the camera. Its
not easy to get the
models to open up at
first, but if you respect
them, give them time
to relax and build a
comfort zone, it
will pay back with
some great portraits.
My advice is to find
Smart Photography

this connection. A
friendly chat and a
respectful approach
May 2017

is the key to a good


Natalia Arantseva
portrait. |SP

42 www.smartphotography.in
SP
EC
IAL

My Life with
Cameras...
Rajan Chaughule

M
y father was a wedding and other clients. I had a
photographer for almost five photographer friend named
decades. During my college Mahesh Rajadyakhsha who
days I used to help my father with owns the Rex Photo Studio at
photography and in developing his b&w Lamington Road in Mumbai
films. We used to have a Rolleicord and and we used to do a lot of
Rolleiflex camera with Bunny flash gun. experimental shoots after
So photography has always been in the studio hours. I bought my
family. first 35 mm camera during
that time. There was a got my Nikon F3 camera at the same time.
After doing my art teacher training police freelance photographer who use Later on, Independent shut down and its
diploma in JJ School of Art, I joined to buy cameras from foreigners in Goa management started an entertainment
the Raheja School of Art to pursue and sell them in Mumbai. So I got my newspaper called Bombay Times and
my education in commercial art with first Nikon FM second-hand camera we were shifted there without choice.
photography as elective subject and I from this Goa police photographer. During this time digital took over and
graduated in the year 1985. I always TOI gave us a Canon EOS 1D Mark II with
wanted to do something bigger than Photojournalism was my greatest several lenses and my journey from Nikon
what my father did, so with the help of interest and passion. I used to contribute to Canon started. I became the Chief
my uncle (renowned to newspapers and magazines Sunday Photographer in Bomay Times. Because
caricaturist magazine and Island magazine during I wanted a change, I joined DNA as the
Prabhakar Bhatlekar) my commercial photography days. entertainment edition chief. At DNA we
I joined as an assistant I used to get fascinated to see my used the same Canon kits. I became a
to Rajeev Asgaonkar, byline and my interest grew stronger photo editor with the People magazine of
who was the inhouse in photojournalism. During this time, the Outlook group and continued using
photographer of I got my Elinchrom studio light kit the Canon system. I was fascinated with
Lintas India Ltd. in which helped me get a lot to work from Hasselblad cameras but unfortunately
Mumbai. Assisting magazines. I started getting table-top never got to use them in those days.
Rajeev has been a big assignments and bought a second-hand
influence in my life. At medium-format Mamiya RB 67 with Dr. Vishwajeet Kadam of Bharati
Lintas, I was exposed 90 mm and 120 mm lenses. But by that Vidyapeeth invited me to co-found Bharati
to equipment such as time my newspaper work increased and Vidyapeeth School of Photography. BVSP
the SINAR P, Mamiya finally I decided has equipment
RB67 and various to take up like Hasselblad,
studio lights. I was photojournalism Phase One, Canon,
also fortunate to meet as my career. Nikon, Sinar with
the Late Shri Gautam all types of lenses,
Rajyadhyaksha. He I got my first great studios
was a model coordinator there. Gautam entry as a and lighting
left Lintas and started freelancing and freelance equipment.
became famous in a very short time photographer Unfortunately, I
for his soft-focus technique and made with Independent dont get time to
a mark in the industry. I was lucky newspaper work on it but I
Smart Photography

enough to assist him at his house for of the Times am glad to see
almost a year and half, where I got group and later I my students get
the chance to use Balcar lights. Later, joined Times of access to these
May 2017

however, I decided to start freelancing India as a junior facilities at a very


and started doing small jobs for Lintas photographer. I young age. |SP

www.smartphotography.in 43
IAL
P E C
S

Aquatic
The underwater world has been a childhood
fascination for Digant Desai. Having seized
every opportunity to gather information and
study this wonderful world, it has been his
heartfelt desire to pursue scuba diving and

Life
capture some of these awe-inspiring sights
on camera. Backed by this passion, in the
year 2006, Digant started photographing this
Digant Desai wonderful world and its beautiful creatures.
He has won international and national
awards and has been penning articles for various wildlife and other
local and international magazines. Digants mission is to showcase
this beautiful parallel world through his photographs, help raise
awareness in order to preserve it for the future generations.

Objects appear closer and larger than normal Soft coral with purple anthias (Wide-Angle)
when seen under water. The objects found in the
depths of the marine life, when captured with a
photographers lens, are absolutely mesmerizing.
Capturing the underwater wonders for several years
Digant Desai provides us with basic guidelines and
the know-how of underwater photography. When a
photographer decides to explore this genre, the first
question that arises in his mind is How different
is photographing underwater than it is on land? To
this, Digant says, Imagine yourself trashing in the
water with fins, struggling to stay in one place, with
a camera in your hands, trying to click some decent
pictures and all of this within a given time frame.
Underwater photography does come with a set of
complexities. But when done right, the results can be
absolutely stunning.

Here is a basic list of what you may need:


D-SLR with spare batteries
Lenses One Macro like a 100 mm and a 60 mm for larger subjects
and fish images. One wide-angle (fisheye zoom like a 10-22mm or a
10-17mm recommended)
Case or Housing
External strobes (two)
An external viewfinder with diopter adjustment
One Port that holds the 100 mm lens
Large Dome Port
One Port that accommodates the 60mm lens
One large dome port for the fisheye lens
Video lights (two) starting at power 2500 Lumens or
more each (optional)
Focus light of at least 250 plus lumens
Arms (four) of six inches each or two of 8 inches and
two six to hold the strobes
Butterfly clamps for the arms (8 pieces at least)
Added wet lens (optional) for super macro shots Super Macro Multiplier
A small dome port for close focus wide angle photography
Smart Photography

(optional)
Extra silicone gel for regular use suitable to the o-rings used by the
housing/strobe manufacturer.
Rechargeable batteries like Eneloop pro (minimum 16)
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Spare o-rings.

44 www.smartphotography.in
Getting started regulator and a buoyancy device while being under water, learn how to
There are various prerequisites to (jacket). Buoyancy under water is a look through your mask, etc. Before
underwater photography. The first very crucial factor, which can make you dip your feet into the ocean,
and the most important of all - being or break your picture. So before you you need to know that underwater
able to scuba dive (other options dive in, getting certified as a trained environment has to be respected and
are: snorkeling and free-diving). diver is of prime importance. Once the there are certain boundaries which
Scuba stands for self-contained certifications are in order, the ideal you need to adhere to. If the water is
underwater breathing apparatus. place to start would be a pool, which choppy, you must leave your camera
Its a unit consisting of - mask, fins, is what I did initially. You can learn to behind, wait for the strong currents
compressed air tank, breathing use all the functions of your camera to subside. The rules of safe diving

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Red Sea Egypt box fish in the blue (Wide-Angle)

Sea horse with sea pen (Macro)


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May 2017

46 www.smartphotography.in
Squid on a night dive

are a total priority and primary


before taking your camera inside.
For example, you suddenly cant go
chasing a subject from a depth of say
27 meters to 5 meters. The pressure
in water at 10 meters is twice that
of land, thrice at 20 and four times
at 30 meter. The gas dissolved in the
water at high-pressure comes out
of the liquid when the pressure is
released, and we see it as bubbles.
So if a scuba diver stays under water,
say at a depth of 100 feet (about 30
meters), for a certain period of time,
some amount of nitrogen from the
air will dissolve in the water in his or
her body (bloodstream and tissues).
If the diver were to swim quickly to
the surface, it is just like uncorking
a bottle of soda - the gas is released.
This can cause a very painful
condition known as the bends or DCS
(decompression sickness), which can
sometimes be fatal.

Let There Be Light!


One of the crucial aspect of
photography under water is
understanding the lighting.
Photography in water poses some
different challenges simply because
water absorbs light. Since water is
around 800 times denser than air,
light is absorbed very fast. There
Tunicate under a crinoid Andamans is also a loss of contrast and image
sharpness. This makes photographs
look gray/blue and dull. Light also
loses different colour spectrums at
different depths; red being the first
at 5 meters, followed by orange,
yellow etc. at different depths, till
you lose all light post 60 meters. The
light loss is in the reverse order of
VIBGYOR i.e. (ROYGBIV). This does
not mean its not feasible to get great
pictures. To compensate for this loss,
photographers use artificial lights
or strobes to bring back the colours,
contrast and sharpness. This is not
to say that one cant get great images
without lights underwater. In many
areas when shooting large pelagic,
lights are not allowed. One can still
get some really nice images. But this
is usually close to the surface within
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10 meters. Sunlight also helps and


so do filters (usually red). One also
has to consider refraction of light
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underwater, which simply means


that objects appear much closer and

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Anemone fish (Macro)

Juvenile lion fish on a barrel sponge (Macro)


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larger underwater than on land. Take Selecting Your Camera asked this question, as to which
a pencil and place it in a glass of water After explaining the importance of camera to be used to photograph
and you will know what I mean. So getting certified as a diver and listing down under. Here I would suggest
May 2017

light and how to use it underwater is out the basics of lighting underwater, that you ask yourself some simple
of prime importance. comes the camera. I have been often questions. Why do I want to take

48 www.smartphotography.in
Ragged tooth shark teeth South Africa (Wide-Angle)

these shots? Is it only to share with time, detailing your yearly holiday? shots. Is it for a semi professional use
friends and family? If this is your In this case you may opt for an option where you may be commissioned by
answer then a simple point and shoot similar to above but with an added companies or magazines or for similar
camera with an underwater case, external strobe or you can even opt for use? In this case some of the new
referred to as Housing, may suffice. a prosumer camera such as the Canon Sony mirrorless or the Olympus Micro
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There are also some cameras under G16 or an Olympus TG4 or a Canon Four Thirds camera with an external
the rugged category that dont need a G7x with added external strobes and housing, strobes/lights, separate ports
case and can be taken up to 30 meters housing. You may even add external for specific lenses etc. would be a good
May 2017

underwater. Is it for general articles wet lenses to get wide-angle shots choice. Here you may even opt for a
you may like to write in your spare or to get macro and super macro D-SLR depending upon your budget.

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Coral scape with glass fish

CLICKING WITH CAUTION


1. Adhere to all the rules of safe diving first and foremost before venturing with a camera. So get certified.
There are many options that one can choose from, PADI and SSI being two primary schools for
certifications. I personally suggest that you dont just get an open water certification but get at least an
advanced open water certification before trying your hand at underwater photography.
2. Being a really good diver with perfect buoyancy is a must.
3. Understanding what light is like underwater and understanding waters unique and inherent challenges
and respecting and adhering to them.
4. Knowing your subjects and where to find them. Some subjects such as soft coral at depths may just look
a drab brown but the image taken with strobes will showcase a bright pink or a purple. Also knowing
marine creatures and how they behave can play a crucial role. There are also certain animals underwater
typically found in specific places. For example the orangutan crabs are usually found in bubble coral,
clingfish in crinoids, and so on.
5. Understanding the limitations and capabilities of both - the camera and yourself.
6. Each dive has a limited time-frame in which you have to take the images. So pre-empting what you want to
shoot helps. Also, on Mirrorless and D-SLRs one cant change lenses underwater to change from Macro to
wide so deciding before-hand what you want to shoot is very important.
7. Unlike land there are time-frames involved, so losing oneself in taking the image is one thing, but make
sure of your depths and time as also how much air is left.
8. Staying calm and relaxed is of utmost importance, as animals underwater can sense this and are more
easily approachable, especially sharks and larger pelagics.
9. Keep an attitude that you are a privileged guest in this environment and respect the same.
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10. A basic course in underwater photography is highly recommended and however good or skilled a
photographer you may be, this is one of the most important ingredient.
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50 www.smartphotography.in
Large green turtle resting (Wide-Angle)

For professional use I recommend


APS-C sensor or Full Frame D-SLRs
with all the peripherals including -
housing, ports, strobes, lights, cables,
arms, lenses etc. etc.

To Conclude
From the above one can gather that
underwater photography, although
different and somewhat more
difficult, is not rocket science. But do
note that your sojourn does not end
after a dive trip. There is much to do
in keeping your equipment corrosion
free post dive. Also there is much care
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involved before and while setting


up your gear, because one mistake
could cause your housing to flood
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underwater and lose your camera or


your strobes. |SP

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Desert Hailing from the City of Joy, Kolkata,


India, Sanak Roy Choudhury is
currently a practicing optometrist

Rangers
in Muscat, Oman. His journey as
a photographer started as a child
while travelling to different cities in
India. The rich culture and the varied
Sanak Roy Choudhury landscape of the Indian continent
formed the initial impressions on Sanak
and motivated him to frame and capture the beauty through his
lens. He is an active member of Federation of Indian Photography

C
(FIP), Photography Association of America (PSA) and Federation of
apable of enduring the most extreme conditions, camels have the International Photography (FIAP) and holds AFIAP distinction
along with over 50+ national and international awards with more
been integral to residents of the Gulf for centuries. Believed than 200 exhibits spread across the globe. Follow Sanak Roys
to have been domesticated around 3,000 BC, camels have photographic journey on Instagram @sanakroy.
been used for everything, from milk and meat, to working animals
and a means of transportation.
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May 2017

52 www.smartphotography.in
Many may think of them of as event with my Nikon D810. After
lumbering creatures or Ships of the driving around 150 km I managed to
Desert, but camels have more than a reach the venue which was already
few tricks up their sleeve. Given the set abuzz with people of all ages.
right conditions, the one-humped Kids displaying their prized camels
dromedary camel that you find in proudly prior to the race was a
Oman can actually reach upto a speed spectacular view to capture. After
of 64kph in short bursts on specialized capturing few shots of the kids with
tracks. And camel racing is a big the camels I decided to capture the
business in Oman. Overseen by the actions on the race track. As planned,
Oman Camel Racing Federation, the my intention was to capture the
famous Arab sport has a solid fan base. frames from different angles in order
The camels themselves have become to get intensifying shots. Situation
prized possessions and can often was a bit tricky as the place was
fetch prices in excess of the top sports crowded and once the race begun
cars. The cream of the crop are bred there were sand burses creating
and trained at special farms where more hindrances than anticipated.
they undergo a rigorous training Nevertheless, I managed to overcome
programme to ensure they perform at all the adversities and started
the peak of their ability. Races dont clicking with immense enthusiasm.
receive much mainstream publicity, I started to shoot in Manual mode,
so if youre keen to catch a glimpse with high shutter speed in order to
of these magnificent creatures at full freeze the moments sharply. Some
tilt, an enthusiastic photographer camels were adamant whereas few
should keep track of the events from other was over excited to race. After
the Oman Camel Racing Federation witnessing an exhilarating couple of
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website. hours of intensifying race, drenched


in sand, I was satisfied with the
One such news of this event, on a frames I managed to freeze. Time
May 2017

late February afternoon, lured me to spent watching this traditional sport


capture few interesting frames of the was an extraordinary experience! |SP

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54 www.smartphotography.in
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Amazing Loy Krathong

Thailand
One of the most picturesque
festivals in Bangkok is the
evening of Loy Krathong,
when people gather
around lakes, rivers and
canals to pay respects to

O
n 1st August 2017, Thailand and India will mark the 70th Anniversary of the the goddess of water by
establishment of diplomatic relations. Throughout the year, both countries releasing beautiful lotus
Picture courtesy: Thailand Tourism Board

agreed to organise year-long activities in Thailand and India under the themes shaped rafts, decorated with
Sawasdee India Year and Namaste Thailand Year. Each year there are more than candles, incense and flowers
1 million Indians travelling to Thailand for shopping and sightseeing in major cities onto the water. These are
such as Bangkok, Pattaya, Phuket, Chiang Mai and Samui. candlelit floats, made from
the stalk of banana plants.
The Buddhist sites in India, particularly in Bodh Gaya, are the prime destinations for They are then floated out
the Thai tourists. Each year, around 100,000 Thai pilgrims visit the sites, attesting onto the water as a way
to the shared religious heritage between the two countries. Thailand is a kingdom of of paying respect to the
wonder, filled with spectacular natural, cultural, and historical attractions. Thailand water spirits to thank them
is a wondrous kingdom, featuring Buddhist temples, exotic wildlife, and spectacular for their bounty as well as
islands. Along with a fascinating history and a unique culture that includes delectable to apologise to rivers and
Thai food and Thai massage. streams for pollution and for
their use of water over the
year.
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58 www.smartphotography.in
Songkran
Festival
The Songkran
Splendours Festival is
celebrated in Thailand
as the traditional New
Years Day from 13 to 15
April. Songkran (Thai
new year) is a legendary
multi-day water festival
that happens all over
Thailand. As Thailands
largest city, Bangkok
naturally plays host to
some exciting Songkran
festivities.

Long Boat-Racing
Long Boat festival, with usually around 200 boats competing from over 100
communities, is one of Thailands oldest traditions and the events have been
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arranged continuously since the Ayutthaya time (approx. 600 years ago).
The colourfully-painted boats made from whole tree trunks and adorned with an
elaborately-crafted naga head at the prow, are once again united with the Nan River
May 2017

in this annual event, that is touched by the history of the once ancient Northern
Kingdom of Lanna and makes for a fun filled, gloriously colourful, spectacle.

www.smartphotography.in 59
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Bangkoks Biggest Street


Food Attraction Central
World Stalls (And Some Great
Roasted Fish)
Located in one of the busiest locations for
foot traffic in all of Bangkok, the series of
Thai street food restaurants just outside of
Central World shopping center. Everyday,
thousands upon thousands of tourists and
locals as well make the trek from Siam to
Pratunam market area, passing, taking
photos, and admiring the jaw dropping
grills on display. Like any business, its all
about location, and they perhaps have the
best Bangkok street food location.
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60 www.smartphotography.in
Thai Traditional Massage
The Thai massage is perhaps the most well-known and celebrated pampering services of Bangkok.
Thai massage draws significant influence from Indias ancient Ayurvedic traditions of medical practice.
Ayurvedic medicine, also a holistic form of healing, plays an integral role in the practice of both
Hinduism and Therevada Buddhism. Monks and similar practitioners of healing transmitted Ayurvedic
techniques to Thailand some 2,500 years ago, thus giving birth to the wonderful phenomenon that is
Thai massage.

Traditional Thai healing practices suggest that when the Sen is blocked, energy grows stagnant and
the body loses its balance, leading to a range of ailments. Thai massage acts as an external stimulant to
produce specific internal effects within the body, both freeing energy from obstruction and preserving
health and harmony. Modern yoga practice often includes traditional elements intrinsic in Eastern
religion, including spiritual philosophy, postures designed to keep the body fit, and varying facets of
meditation. |SP

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Five
Portraitists
Rohinton Mehta

T
he word portrait does not necessarily refer to a
photograph of a person; it can be a sclupture, a painting
or even an artistic representation of a person or an
animal, wherein importance is placed on the face and its
expressions. The idea is to reflect the mood and the personality
of the subject.

Portraits can be of various types.

Studio Portraits: As the name suggests, these are generally


posed portraits taken in a studio. The lighting can be artificial
(studio flash, tungsten etc) or natural (usually using what is
referred to as North Light) or just light from an open window.

Environmental Portraits: These can be either indoors or


outdoors; the idea is to tell the viewer something more about
the subject. As an example, if you were to see a photo of a man
in dirty overalls, with a dab of grease on his face, his hands
soiled and spare machine parts all around him, you might
recognise him as a motorcyle/car mechanic! You are showing
the surroundings (the environment) and linking that with the
person in the picture.

Candid Portraits: These are portraits taken (generally)


without the subject being aware.

Group Portraits: As the name suggests, portrait of three or


more persons together.

Close-up Portraits: Here we take a very close shot, often


cutting part of the face/headgear to place greater emphasis on
the eyes.

Many budding portrait photographers have a wrong notion


that one needs an array of lights to create an impressionistic
portrait. Yes, there are times when multiple lights need to be
used, but that is not a rule. Depending on the weather and
the angle of the sun, the illumination can be hard, medium or
soft. It is left to the photographer to decide where to place the
subject with reference to the available illumination. Similarly,
with studio lighting, striking portraits can be crteated using Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark III
just one light sometimes by using a relector to fill-in the Lens: 85mm f/1.2L II USM
shadow areas. Shutter Speed: 1/1600 sec
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Aperture: F/1.2
ISO:100
On the next few pages we display the efforts of some of our
readers. Many portraits have been taken outdoors in varying
May 2017

lighting conditions while a few are studio shots. Sit back, relax
and enjoy... |SP

62 www.smartphotography.in
Amit Rane
Smart Photography

A skilled photographer and a biodiversity expert, Amit Rane has travelled


extensively across the Indian subcontinent for more than 18 years. He has
brilliant photography skills in all genre of wildlife photography including bird
photography, mammal photography, landscape and macro photography. He is a
trained herpetologist and loves reptiles. An avid traveller and writer, Amit Rane
May 2017

has a deep interest in product and fashion photography. He is a great trainer,


wildlife photography advisor and has a fantastic teaching acumen.

www.smartphotography.in 63
Pic: Amit Rane

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Camera: Nikon D800


Lens: 70-200mm f/2.8
Aperture: f/4.5
Shutter Speed: 1/2000 sec
64 www.smartphotography.in ISO: 200
Pic: Amit Rane

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May 2017

Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark IV


Lens: 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM + 1.4x III TC
Aperture: f/4
Shutter Speed: 1/2500 sec
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S Camera: Canon EOS 7D
Lens:100mm f/2.8 macro USM
Aperture: f/11
Shutter Speed: 1/100sec
ISO: 100

Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark III


Lens: 85mm f/1.2L II USM
Shutter Speed: 1/1600 sec
Aperture: F/1.2
ISO:100

A strobe with a beauty dish was placed opposite the model, high enough to cause
a shadow under the nose in what is typically known as Butterfly Lighting. The
catch-light is seen around 12 Oclock position.

Here, the backdrop was white but I wanted it grey, as a white backdrop tends to
attract attention away from the subject. Hence the backdrop was placed a bit away
from the model and since the light falling on the backdrop was less compared to
that on the models face, the white backdrop turned grey as required.

Amish Parikh
Smart Photography

Amish Parikh is an avid traveller and a photographer by passion. He says that


he hasnt yet won any acolades in photography, but we are sure he will. He loves
wildlife, nature and landscape photography. He works as a HR professional with
Indias No.1 home shopping company. He also takes pride in being associated
May 2017

with DCP Expeditions as a Group Leader.

66 www.smartphotography.in
Camera: Canon EOS 7D
Lens:100mm f 2.8 macro USM
Aperture: f/10
Shutter Speed: 1/100sec
Pic: Amish Parikh ISO: 100

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A rectangular shaped soft box was placed to the right of the camera,
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pointing down at approximately 45.This has caused a soft nose-


shadow and catchlight in both the eyes at 1 Oclock position.

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S Lens: 70-200 f/2.8 L USM at 100mm


Aperture: f/11
Shutter Speed: 1/125sec
Pic: Amish Parikh ISO: 100,
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This is also a one-light set-up, but with a Thermocol reflector to fill-in.

The light used here was an octagonal soft box placed to the right of the camera at almost 90 to the
May 2017

camera/lens axis. A Thermocol was used as a reflector to get some detail on the shadow side of the face.

68 www.smartphotography.in
An octagonal soft box was used to the right of the camera (pointed down at approximately
45) which was carefully adjusted to create the inverted highlighted triangle on the shadow
side of the face. This what is known as Short Lighting. Intentionally, no fill-in was used. Pic: Amish Parikh

Smart Photography
May 2017

Camera: Canon EOS 5D Mark III


Lens: 70-200 f/2.8 L USM at 70mm
Aperture: f/11
Shutter Speed: 1/125 sec
ISO: 100
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Camera: Nikon D5
Lens: 70-200 f/2.8
Aperture: f/2.8
Shutter Speed: 1/250 sec
ISO: 800
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Kaushik Bhatia
Kaushik Bhatia is a businessman by profession, but his passion is fashion
May 2017

photography. Though he uses studio light set-ups, he prefers to photograph


with available light and sometimes uses a small LED light to fill-in.

70 www.smartphotography.in
Pic: Kaushik Bhatia

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Camera: One IQ180


Lens: 120mm
Aperture: f/11
May 2017

Shutter Speed: 1/125 sec


ISO: 100

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Camera: Nikon D5200
Lens: 55mm
Aperture: f/6.3
Shutter Speed: 1/400 sec
ISO: 100
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Pankaj Narshana
May 2017

Pankaj Narshana has his own garment business and also has a passion
for landscape, architecture and street photography.
72 www.smartphotography.in
Camera: Nikon D7100
Lens: 35mm f/1.8G
Aperture: f/1.8
Shutter Speed: 1/8000 sec
ISO: 800

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Sayan Acharjee
Sayan Acharjee is a student of electronics and communication engineering and at the same
time, he is passionate about photography. He started with a Canon EOS 60D and later on
May 2017

bought a Nikon D7100. He loves both his cameras.

This shot was taken at Transit Camp of Kolkata, where Naga saints take a halt every year for
6-7 days before going to Gangasagar. This is a natural light portrait.
www.smartphotography.in 73
Andreas Lundberg
Always up to speed
Profoto D2
A photographer faces many different challenges every day. Its
with that in mind we created the Profoto D2. Its a breakthrough,
because its the worlds fastest monolight. So for the first time,
no matter what the assignment, speed is always on your side.

You can freeze action with absolute sharpness, shoot in super


quick bursts, sync with the fastest camera shutter speeds avail-
able, and shoot fast and easy with HSS and TTL.

So whether youre shooting sports, food or fashion: with the D2


youre always up to speed.

Learn more: profoto.com/d2

Authorized dealers: Cochin Photo Emporium Foto Circle Mehta Enterprises Rational Photographics
Cochin Bangalore Mumbai Kolkata
Capital Photo Service Dubai Shoppe Foto Trade Photosystems V Traders
Kolkata Hyderabad Chennai Delhi Cochin
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Cloud Storage...
Un-clouded
Sujith Gopinath

G
one are the days we lugged the world of cloud-based services in for your use. Most of them provide
around heavy hard drives general and cloud-based storage in free storage for a limited space,
and pen drives in our bags so particular. beyond which you have to pay a
that our files and photographs are subscription fee. Most of these
available with us all the time. With the What is a cloud? providers have their cloud storage
penetration of internet connectivity Cloud is the term used for a remote applications built for Windows,
and affordability of bandwidth, storage space enabled by servers iOS and Android so that you can
physical storage is fast becoming a residing at remote hubs, connected seamlessly synchronise files
thing of the past, especially for the via the Internet. Once we store our between various devices. You can
professional who is always on the files and data on these servers, it can also share files with someone via a
move. Now these physical storage be accessed from any location, even link and open or edit documents and
systems have given way to cloud, while you are moving, with the help of files using native applications.
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and most professionals have already an online terminal, or simply a device


made the move to this type of storage. that has internet connectivity. Let us see which cloud based
However, there still lingers a cloud of storage solutions are available for
May 2016

confusion surrounding cloud-based There are various hosting service photographers and their (clouds)
services. Here we attempt to un-cloud providers who provide server space features.

76 www.smartphotography.in
OneDrive
(https://onedrive.live.com)
Previously known as SkyDrive, this is the
cloud storage solution from Microsoft. The
greatest advantage of his platform is that
it seamlessly integrates with Microsoft
Office tools. MS Office documents stored in
OneDrive will open in the corresponding
MS Office application if the host device has
an Office version installed in it. You can
selectively synchronise folders on each
terminal, unlike in most other applications.
OneDrive seamlessly integrates with
Windows, Android and iOS platforms.
The platform offers free storage of 5GB
and the paid plans offered are 50GB at
Rs.123 per month, 1 TB at Rs.3,299 per
year and 5TB at Rs.4,199 per year. The
1TB and 5TB plans come with a free one
year subscription of Microsoft Office 365.
Conversely, if you have subscribed for
Office 365, you will get 1TB of OneDrive storage free.

Google Drive
(https://www.google.com/drive/)
This has become one of the most
popular cloud storage platforms,
thanks to the popularity of Google
and Android. The drive integrates
with your gmail account and allows
you to send attachments beyond the
regular size of 25MB. This also has
apps for Windows, Android and iOS
platforms, making it truly versatile.
The basic (free) storage is 15GB,
while the paid plans include 100GB
at Rs.130 per month or Rs.1300
annually and 1TB at Rs.650 per
month or Rs.6500 a year.

Dropbox
(https://www.dropbox.com)
Dropbox started as a basic file hosting service, but has since
emerged into a major player on cloud storage. The service has
an innovative freemium plan along with true premium plans for
higher storage capacities. The basic service offers 2GB of storage,
which can be increased by completing targets and referrals. Your
storage space is increased when each of your referrals sign up
and install Dropbox. You can increase storage also by completing
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simple tasks such as tweeting about the service. The premium plans
available are Plus (1TB at $9.99 per month), Standard (2TB at $15
per user per month), Advanced (Unlimited storage at $25 per user
May 2016

per month) and Enterprise (Unlimited storage, Price not announced


publicly).

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iCloud Drive
(http://www.apple.com/icloud/icloud-drive/)
This is the cloud storage solution offered by Apple.
If you are an iPhone or iPad user, you cannot live
without iCloud. Though not as user-friendly as
the other platforms, we cannot ignore the large
number of people using Apple products. The drive
provides a modest 5GB free space for all Apple
users. Storage can be increased at the rate of 50GB
for Rs.65 per month, 200GB for Rs.190 per month,
1TB for Rs.650 per month or 2TB at Rs.1300 per
month.

Flickr
(https://www.flickr.com/)
Flickr started as a photo sharing and hosting platform and
was acquired by Yahoo. Since then, it has evolved into a full-
featured image sharing, hosting and storage solution with
extended storage. The features are photographer-friendly
and specially crafted for use with images. The platform
allows you to share your images with the community and
appreciate other peoples works. 1TB storage is standard
across all plans and the Pro and Pro+ plans offer better
management features such as ad-free browsing and other
perks. You can upgrade to Pro at $5.99 per month, while the
Pro+ plan can be activated at $49.99 per annum.

Box
(https://www.box.com/)
Box is not very popular with
individuals, but their plans are
better suited for business and
enterprises needing collaborated
work from different geographies.
The individual free plan offers 10GB
of space, while the Personal Pro plan
offers 100GB storage at Rs.785 per
month. They offer various Business
and Platform plans, but these are not
relevant for this feature.

Creating a private cloud space Once this is registered, you can memory modules including hard
If you are concerned about popular download a private cloud software disks, smartphone memory, laptop
cloud-based platforms being and configure it with your website memory and SSD into a personal cloud
vulnerable to data theft and hacking credentials. storage. The advantage of this personal
attacks, you can even set up your own cloud is that you do not need to pay
private cloud space. The difference Cloud storage and cloud-based for the services once it has been set
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is that this space will serve only applications are still a short while up and you can access all your files
one customer and so collaborating away from attaining full potential. from anywhere in the world, provided
between two people may be difficult. Research efforts are on to create the host devices are online. As I
May 2016

For this, all you need is a URL (your an interface between various mentioned, this is yet to be realised
website) hosted on a web server. platforms to integrate your physical into a full-fledged platform. |SP

78 www.smartphotography.in
Smart Photography app

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ndhi
Ga
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By
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C O N T E S T
Ask your question to Uncle at sp@nextgenpublishing.net

Ask Uncle
Ronnie
4K recording people prefer 30 fps over 24 fps; its be the issue. Please have the camera
What is the exact meaning of 4K best to try the various fps and decide checked by a competant technician
recording @ 60 fps or 30 fps, Full for yourself which you like better. to ensure that this is not the cause of
HD 1080p @ 30 fps or 60fps etc. the problem that you face.
Please explain in detail. Pictures no longer sharp!
Virag Sharan, Jaipur ( Rajasthan ) I used to get very sharp imges from 4. Improper cleaning of the imaging
my digital SLR camera, but now sensor can also damage it, but then
Almost all digital cameras today a days the pictures dont seem to the problem you face would be with
offer video shooting capabilities. be as sharp as before. Moreever, all your lenses.
Videos can be shot at the following I notice a loss of contrast too. Do
resolutions: digital cameras lose their sharpness 5. If the sensor is regularly cleaned
and contrast with age? if there are no dust particles on it,
1280 x 720 pixels [known as 720p, D. S. Pai, Chennai, via email and if the front/rear elements of the
High Definition (HD)] lens are clean, or if the filter over the
Do you feel the loss of sharpness with lens is spotless, then a digital camera
1920 x 1080 pixels [known as 1080p, any particular lens or with all lenses? will not show any loss of sharpness/
Full High Definition (FHD)] There could be several possible contrast due to age.
reasons:
3840 x 2160 pixels [ known as 4K, Note: Some of us, including myself,
Ultra High Definition (UHD)] 1. If with a particular lens, it is avoid cleaning the sensor due to
possible that a lens element could fear of damaging it. It is true that if
From the above, you will notice that have been displaced slightly (due you are not extremely careful while
it was the vertical resolution that to very rough handling/or a sudden cleaning the sensor, or if you use the
was quoted for HD and FHD but was heavy jerk, though this type of wrong kind of cleaning materials,
switched to the horizontal resolution problem is very rare). you can damage it. But cleaning
for UHD. the sensor is important. No matter
2. If with all lenses have you ever how careful you are when changing
When we say 1280 x 720 pixels, it tried cleaning the reflex mirror? lenses, dust will eventually settle
means that each frame has 1280 Cleaning the mirror is a very delicate on to the sensor. If you are worried
pixels in width and 720 pixels operation, best left to competant about damaging the sensor while
in height. The letter p stands camera technicians. Placing more self-cleaning it, I strongly advice you
for Progressive (as opposed to than required pressure on the reflex to take your camera to an authorised
Interlaced or i), which means mirror while cleaning can mis-align service station and have it cleaned.
that the computer scans each line the mirror and cause issues with Yes, the service centre may charge
progressively. Simillarly, when sharpness. you approx. Rs 1200/- or so for
we say 3840 x 2160 pixels, it means sensor cleaning but that would be
that each frame of the video has 3840 3. How old is your camera? Have you money well spent.
pixels in width and 2160 pixels in ever cleaned the imaging sensor?
height. (Actually, when we clean the sensor, Even after cleaning the sensor, dust
what we are cleaning is the anti- could re-settle on it the very first
Digital camera videos can be shot at aliasing filter, also known as the time that you change the lens. Hence,
different frame rates (example 24, 30, Low-pass filter that is placed over change your lenses only when the
Smart Photography

60 fps). 24 fps is considered as the the sensor). Over a long period of wind is not blowing. Avoid changing
standard frame rate (often called time, dust settling on the sensor can lenses in dusty conditions. Dont keep
cinematic rate). If you shoot at 60 cause a loss in sharpness and your the camera body facing upwards for
May 2017

fps and play back the video at 24 fps, statement that there is also a loss of any length of time when there is no
it will appear like slow-motion. Some contrast makes me feel that this could lens attached to it.

82 www.smartphotography.in
A query on Inverse rely on this method, unless in an before you take a shot. This is fine.
Square Law emergency and for a day or two only.
2. Did you mean Back Focus or Back
I have a question about point source D5300 query Button Autofocus?
of light, like an elctronic flash. It is I own a Nikon D5300.
said that when the distance between If it is Back Focus (meaning that the
the flash and the subject doubles, 1. It has a function called CLEAN camera autofocus slightly behind the
the light reduces by two f/stops. My SENSOR. How does it work? I am point you want to focus on), then you
question is: the sun is also a point asking this, because when I tried it, will have to send the camera to Nikon
source of light, then why does the the camera neither did any visible for recalibration; it does not offer AF
light stay the same whether we operation, nor did it vibrate. I have correction like some advanced models
measure it at 50 feet or 100 feet opted for CLEAN AFTER EVERY offer.
away? SWITCH ON. Is it correct? If you meant Back Button Autofocus,
C. M. Bhanushali, via email you have to assign that function to the
2] How can I adjust the back focus AE/AF Lock button on your D5300.
The statement you made comes from on this camera? In the Custom Setting menu, go to f2
what is known as the Inverse Square (Assign AE-L/AF-L button) and opt
Law. It states: For a point source of I am asking these questions because for AF-ON. Now when you press this
light, doubling the distance between I did not receive any printed users button, the lens will autofocus. The
the point source and the subject, the manual with the camera and the shutter release button will no longer
illumination falls to a quarter. In other CD which they provided, is bit autofocus the lens.
words, as you have put it, you need to confusing.
open up two stops to compensate for Dhananjay Ingle, via email MFT or D-SLR?
the loss of light. I am planning a trip to Masai Mara.
1. There is a thin glass in front of the Considering the weight restrictions
The sun is much larger than our sensor assembly which vibrates at a on cabin baggage, would you advice
earth but since it is so far away, it is very high frequency, thus dislodging me to take my Micro Four Thirds kit
considered as a point source of light. any dust that may settle on it. The dust or would you still suggest a D-SLR
Your question in this context is why is collected on a sticky pad placed just kit? What about image quality
does the light stay the same whether below the sensor assembly. You will between the two mentioned kits?
we measure it at 50 feet or 100 feet neither see any visible operation, nor Anthony Dmello (telephonic enquiry)
away? feel the camera vibrate!

The sun is approximately 93 million Opting for Clean after every switch on
miles from the earth. So if you were ensures that you have a clean sensor
to measure the light 93 million miles
from where you are (not practical at Nikon D5300
all), you will find that the light has
reduced by 2 f/stops!

Emergency measure
With the rainy season approaching
just about 1.5 months away, I have
a question about humidity and
fungus. Someone mentioned to me
that wrapping lenses in newspaper
will prevent the formation of fungus
in the lenses. Is this true?
Ramanlal, via email

The right approach is to store lenses/


camera bodies in a humidity controlled
cabinet.
Smart Photography

Wrapping lenses in newspaper,


especially newspaper that has been
steam ironed prior to use, does help to
May 2017

some extent; the newspaper absorbs


some of the humidity but I wouldnt

www.smartphotography.in 83
NNIE
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AS
things get even
Canon 5D Mark IV
more complicated.
Image quality
could vary between
different focal
lengths.

2. Bridge cameras
use very small
imaging sensors
compared to
D-SLRs. Due to this,
Bridge cameras will
have more digital
Panasonic Lumix GH4
noise and lesser
dynamic range.

3. Typically,
The weight restrictions for cabin Bird photography with at the longest focal length, most
baggage has certainly caused great Bridge cameras Bridge cameras offer f/5.6 (or even
inconvenience to all photographers. narrower) aperture. This may be okay
I take it that you would be travelling I want to get into bird photography for bright light conditions, but as soon
by economy class, in which case you but long telephoto lenses for D-SLRs as the subject gets into shade, you
will be limited to around 8 kg of cabin are very expensive as well as very will be forced to either reduce your
baggage. The airline may allow you heavy. Can I use a Bridge camera shutter speed or increase the ISO; the
to carry a couple of extra kilogram instead? Will my photos be just as former can cause camera shake and
weight on extra payment. A typical good? the later can cause increase in digital
D-SLR kit for wildlife may weigh C. R. Madan, Delhi noise.
approximately between 8-13 kg while
a similar (as similar as possible) kit in Bridge cameras, also known as The above mentioned information is
Micro Four Thirds may weigh around Prosumer cameras, offer long focal not meant to discourage you, but to
5-6 kg. This automatically leaves out length zooms at very affordable costs. keep you well informed. I personally
most D-SLR kits, unless you carry the They are also very light in weight know photographers (one of whom
most basic body and non-pro lenses. compared to D-SLR kits. You can we covered recently in Smart
certainly use Bridge cameras for Photography) who use a
In case you plan to fly from Kenya to bird photography. However, there Bridge camera and take
Tanzania, please check before hand are some things you need to be excellent photos of
the weight restrictions on personal aware of. nature and wildlife. |SP
baggage on smaller (for example,
8-seater) aircrafts. I am told that lots 1. Zoom lenses are difficult
of travellers face problems as these to design and when you have
Panasonic Lumix FZ1000
smaller aircrafts do not permit any extremely long zooms,
additional weight.

Coming to image quality, if you use


pro-grade lenses on recent MFT
bodies, and your shooting technique
is good, you are unlikely to notice
any loss of image quality in good
light (for a reasonable print size). In
low light situations, the noise level
is likely to go up, especially at higher
ISO sensitivities. Having said that,
you might be pleasently surprised as
Smart Photography

to how high you could go on the ISO


before digital noise causes serious
issues with your image quality. So
May 2017

considering the weight issue, it would


be MFT for me.

84 www.smartphotography.in
G raphy
NIN otog
AR g Ph
LE tandin Smart Photography has been continually receiving requests to start a basic course for
beginners. With this in mind, we have asked a very knowledgeable photographer from
e rs
Und
Chennai to take over writing these articles. We have also requested him to be as jargon-
free as it is possible, so that newcomers to photography feel comfortable to pursue the
hobby.

The author, Ashok Kandimalla has been in the photographic field for over three decades
and has extensive experience in both film and digital photography. Being an electronics
engineer by profession and a photographer, he possesses a unique and deep insight into
the technical aspects of digital photography and equipment. He has published several
articles on photography and some of his writings have also been published in the well-
known international magazine Popular Photography.

An avid collector of photographic books and vintage cameras, Ashok has a keen interest
Ashok Kandimalla in the history of photography and a passion for sharing his knowledge on photography
through teaching and writing. He is presently working as a Management and Engineering
consultant. You can see his work at http://www.flickr.com/photos/ashok_kandimalla. He
can be reached at kashokk@gmail.com

Getting the best out of Picture 4: Result using the built-in flash light modifier
shown in Picture 2. Note, how the harsh shadows have
been effectively eliminated compared to Picture 1.

cameras built-in flash built-in flash can do this job very

86
efficiently as you will see.
Picture 6: Lighting setup used for Picture 5.
Improving the quality of light:
There are many gadgets available
Picture 2: Light modifier
to modify the light from the built-in light (as explained above) but since Using the built-in flash as a trigger:

D
for a built-in flash. This
o you think that your D-SLRs the subject). (Picture 1). Let us see how device is hinged and flash to give a more pleasing picture. it is bounced over a very large area As mentioned briefly multiple flashes
(or CSCs) built-in flash is we can overcome these issues. The folds neatly taking only Picture 2 shows one such device (ceiling) the coverage increases a lot. placed off camera will allow you to
minimum space. It is
a dinky little toy that gives first problem, harsh shadows can be called Lims Easy Bounce (called Lims Easy Bounce) which is So, this is ideal for indoor group shots, configure a sophisticated lighting setup.
minimal light and pops up to fire at the eliminated by modifying the light from and is available on eBay. mounted on the accessory shoe of for example. For example, three flashes were used to
most inappropriate moment? Sorry the built-in flash suitably to improve your camera (Picture 3). This is a produce this image (Picture 5). You can
you are wrong! Todays built-in flash the quality of light. simple gadget (you can perhaps even configure such a lighting set up (Picture
on D-SLRs and CSCs is a sophisticated make one) that has a mirror to reflect Picture 5: 6) easily with the help of your built-in
state of the art device capable of The second problem, that is the bad light upwards to hit the room ceiling. flash. Before we proceed further, you
doing several wonderful things. position of the shadows can only be The light thus bounced (reflected) off need to get familiar with a few terms.
Virtually every function that was once improved by moving the flash off the ceiling will give very diffused light For this, see box A primer on flash
available only on a dedicated external camera. Obviously, you cannot keep (Picture 4). It goes without saying nomenclature.
shoe mounted flash costing several your built-in flash away from your that you can use this only when there
thousands of rupees is available on camera, but you can use it to trigger is ceiling at a reasonable height, say Now that you are familiar with the
your camera itself. Plus, you have the off camera flashes wirelessly. This is 10 feet. It also should not be colored nomenclature, we will see how we can
great advantage that you cannot forget useful since most creative work will as otherwise you may get a color rig up an inexpensive multi-flash setup
it since it is built in and is hence with require multiple flashes as well. Your cast. There will be loss of light due to using dumb slaves.
you when your the two reflections. Hence, you may
camera is! get underexposure. To avoid this, In principle, this is how a non-dedicated
bump up the power of your built-in multi-flash setup operates. Your DSLRs
That said, a built-in flash. If this is already at full power built-in flash sends out a pulse of light
flash has some then increase ISO as this effectively when you press the shutter release. This
serious limitations. increases the exposure. For example, light pulse will be detected by the optical
It severely limits if you are using a lens with maximum sensors of the dumb slave flashes and
your creativity in aperture f/4 and you are getting they will in turn fire. Simple enough, but
lighting though under exposure, increasing the ISO there are many factors that you need to
it may give you from 200 to 400 (that is doubling) will take care. Here are some points that will
technically a give you an effective aperture of f/2.8 help you to rig up a multi-flash setup.
correct exposure. (one stop over f/4), thus reducing
Foremost, it casts underexposure. Positioning the flashes: Position the
harsh shadows camera and the subject as you require.
of the subject Another advantage of this device is The flashes can be fixed on light stands

Learnings
Getting the best out of
Smart Photography

Smart Photography
(due to the small that all the modes that are supported with suitable adapters (Picture7) and
size of the light by the built-in flash, like TTL exposure positioned depending on the lighting
source) and at automation, 2nd curtain sync, slow effect you want. The flashes must also
May 2017

May 2017
the wrong places Picture 1: Image produced with a built-in flash. Note the harsh and ugly shadow Picture 3: The Lims Easy Bounce sync etc. are still available. The only be placed carefully so that there is
(directly behind disadvantage is that there is loss of proper line of sight contact between

cameras built-in flash


(red arrow) directly behind the subject. fixed to the accessory shoe.

86 www.smartphotography.in www.smartphotography.in 87

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Image Editing
- PART 6
Rohinton Mehta Changing Image Size
T
he pixel rating of your image quality? The answer could vary
camera determines the native from person to person but heres my
Earlier issues: image size. For example, a
24 megpixel camera may offer an
take on it: For an imperceptible loss in
image quality, (and if your equipment
image size of 6000 x 4000 pixels. is high-end and if your shooting
Part 1: How to set-up This means that the longer side technique is perfect), you could go
Photoshop for optimum

91
of the image has 6000 pixels and double the native size; in our example,
the shorter side has 4000 pixels. If that would be 40 x 26.66 inches at
performance you want to know the image size
in inches, you need to divide these
300 ppi. (This also assumes that you
are technically sound using an image
(December 2016) dimensions by 300 (300 pixels per
inch being the industry standard
editing program, like Photoshop). If
you are using a beginners/mid-end
Part 2: Setting the for printing). In our example that
would be 6000/300 and 4000/300
camera, increase the native image size
not more than 1.5 times.
optimum screen or 20 x 13.33 inches. This is what
we call native size. If you were to I am currently using Photoshop CS6.
resolution on your print at a slightly lower resolution
(say 240 ppi), then the print size in
Have a look at Printscreen 1. It tells
us that the Document Size (the print
computer; What are our example would be 25 x 16.66 size) at 300 pixels per inch (ppi) will be
inches. (For those who may wonder 20 x 13.33 inches. It also shows us the
you looking for from if reducing the print resolution from pixel dimensions as 6000 x 4000 pixels
300 to 240 ppi will cause a loss in and the file size as 137.3 megabytes
Photoshop?; Using image quality, the answer is for all (shown as M).
practical purposes, you are unlikely
Levels the wrong way; to notice any loss. Let us say that you want to increase
using Levels the right the document width from 20 to 25
Increasing
way; The Tool Box; Picture Size
Using the Ruler Tool to So far so good.
But let us
straighten tilted horizon assume that you
need a larger
(January 2017) picture. Is there
a way to do
Part 3: Curves that? Yes, there
is. It is known as
(February 2017) Ineterpolation.
The first
Part 4: Cleaning-up tools question that
comes to mind
(March 2017) then, is, how
Smart Photography

large can I
make my print,
Part 5: Blending Modes without it
May 2017

showing signs of
(April 2017)

Image Editing - Part 6


deterioration in
Printscreen 1
www.smartphotography.in 91

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Portrait Lighting
10. The most important Respect model is generally considered the best Short Lighting (also known
the model at all times and dont do for portraiture. A wide-angle lens will as Narrow Lighting)
anything that may unnerve or upset distort the face (since you will have to
her. For example, dont keep staring go closer to fill the frame) and a very Short lighting is a corrective lighting
at her vital statistics or look at her in long focal length lens at a close distance for plump or round faces (Please see
Rohinton Mehta a lecherous manner or say something could compress the perspective. image overleaf).
ungentlemanly. I know that most
Goal and Tools
Why do we take portraits? The question may appear a photographers wouldnt do that, but
its here for the record. The goal is to idealise our subject to
In this type of lighting, the Main light
also referred to as the Key light
bit silly to some but the basic reason to take portraits What makes a good portrait?
make him/her look better than he/
she really is. The tools in achieving
illuminates the short side of the face.
Short side of the face? Whats that, you
is to create a satisfactory likeness of the person being A good portrait or for that matter,
any photograph, is the sum-total of of
this are our camera, lens, lens angle,
pose, lighting and retouching. The
might ask? To understand that, we must
first know how to pose the subject in
photographed , to convey his/her character and at the different qualities Lighting (the most most important is the lighting. In this relation to the camera lens. The subject
important), framing (composition), write-up, we shall talk more about the should never face the camera squarely.
same time, be artistically pleasing. posing, choosing the right lens and lighting aspect. As a general rule, make the subject turn
the right camera angle, technical her body about 45 to the axis of the
quality, your individual style and Proper lighting can create mood and lens. Now ask her to turn her upper

94
luck (sometimes) all contribute to a modelling (properly show the contours body towards the lens, while keeping
great shot. When we talk of tecnical of the face). Light areas always stand her lower body still in the 45 position

T
o be a good portraitist, the models too need some time before they may be familiar. Make her speak. quality, we are referring to the subtle out while dark areas hide details. With to the lens. Now when you look through
photographer should be able to feel comfortable with you. To most gradations and tonality within the this in mind, we can set up our lighting the camera, you will see more of one
read and bring out the character people, sitting for a portrait can be an 6. As a photographer, you must be highlights and shadows, the range to highlight the five prominent areas of side of her face. This is the broad side
of the sitter and should have good uncomfortable experience. In the days able to talk on various subjects. If and smoothness of colours, contrast the face while keeping in shadow the while the other side, which is partially
control over the effects of light and of film photography, many portrait you are photographing a housewife and tonal density appropriate to the sides of the face and the neck. The five hidden from the cameras view, is the
shade after all, photography is an photographers used to shoot the first for example, talk about the kitchen, subject. areas to highlight are: the forehead, the short side. In Short lighting, we start
interplay between light and the shade/ roll without actually putting a film roll cooking, or about the books she has bridge of the nose, both the cheeks and by placing the Main light to illuminate
shadows it casts. By merely looking at in the camera this was done to give read/would like to read. If your subject When talking of portraits, the size of the chin. Doing this will create a sort of the short side of the face. This results
a subject, the photographer should be some time to the model to get used to is a cricketer, talk about cricket (and the portrait studio is important. I am 3D effect (remember our photograph in the broad side remaining in shadow
able to instantly decide what features the photographer and it worked as not about the kitchen unless the talking of the ideal room size, though has only two dimensions the width and causes the face to look narrower
of the subject need to be highlighted long as you were not caught! cricketer also happens to be a good in reality, we are often forced to work and the height. By proper use of light, or thinner. Thats why we call it
and what features should be subdued. cook!). If the subject is a doctor of in a make-shift/temporary studio. we can visually create the dimension of corrective lighting.
At the same time, he needs to be fairly Remember, the models face will reflect medicine, talk about something related There should be sufficient distance depth).
conversant with the tools of his trade what is in her mind; if she is happy and to medical science. In other words, you between the model and the backdrop; Placement of the Main light
the camera, lighting equipment, comfortable, her face will show that. the photographer should be what no shadow from the subject should Portrait Lighting Techniques Place the Main light which should
posing the model, a fair idea of make- If she is uncomfortable (either with we generally refer to as a jack-of-all. fall on the backdrop. This distance will The following techniques will produce ideally be a large (diffused) light source
up and hairstyling, using props etc. you, your assistants if there are any, also tanslate to the backdrop getting artistic and sellable portraits. It should (if photographing women/children) or
(I mentioned fair idea of make-up or if the set-up area is unclean and/or 7. Know your subject (portraiture) and out of focus even when the lens is be borne in mind that these are the a moderately hard light (for men) at
and hair styling, because we generally disorganised), her face will reflect her be knowledgeable about using your sufficiently stopped-down for the basic tecniques to start with; these an angle of approximately 45 to one
employ the services of a make-up feelings. gear. If you fumble with your lights required depth of field. are not the only methods of creating side of the lens-subject axis, but higher
artist/hair stylist). or with your camera, an experienced sellable portraits. than the subjects head. There are three
So, how do we take care that our model will immidiately notice that and There should also be sufficient points to consider here.
Before we go ahead, understanding a subject feels comfortable? There are may wonder why she allowed herself distance between the camera and Once you master them, you are free to
little human psychology will help. All a number of thing that we can do. For to be photographed by an amateur. the subject even when using a fairly try any variation thereof. 1. While placing the Main light, observe
human beings (and animals too) feel example: And that will be reflected in her long focal length lens. The distance the shadow of the nose, cast by the
comfortable in the surroundings that expressions! behind the photographer and the back One question before we start main light. The shadow must not touch
they are used to. We feel comfortable 1. Keep the shooting area clean and wall is equally imporatnt so that the How many lights do you think we need or cross the lip line. If the light is too
when we are amongst the people we uncluttered. 8. You may not be a liar; but when photographer has enough space to for a successful portrait? The number high, the nose shadow will cross the
know and trust. What happens if you photographing humans, a bit of lie will move around and shoot. The room will vary depending on whom you lip line. If the light is not high enough
were to pick up a baby who does not 2. Be cordial to the model and her not hurt. Encourage the model (even should be wide enough to allow the ask. Remember, in nature, we have (if it is placed at the same height as the
know you? You may be a photographer assistants. if she is not posing the way you would proper placement of the various lights. only one light source the sun (or the subjects face for example), chances are
but do you feel comfortable if you like her to). Say things like, good, Ideally, a portrait studio should be moon) and we still see everything that the noise shadow will go above the
notice someone taking your picture 3. Play some soft music which she likes. lovely, great pose, excellent, wow, you 12 wide or more x 18 in length. This with proper modelling. Though there nose and this will look horribly wrong.
with his cell-phone camera as you are looking very pretty, amazing, etc. would take care even of a group of say, are good reasons why professional In nature, have you ever seen a shadow
walk down a street? So, if you, as a 4. Dont scream at your assistants in Say these words (not all of them at the 8 persons. photographers use several lights of the nose go higher than the nose?
Smart Photography

Smart Photography

photographer, feel uneasy if a stranger case they make a mistake (this will same time!) with some feelings in you. to light up a portrait, my advice to
were to take your photo, why wouldnt definitely have an effect on the model). Photographing the subject at her eye beginners is to start with only one light. 2. When the placement of the main light
a model? You may say Oh, professional 9. At no time should you show your level and using a lens of 80-105mm Once you are happy with the results of is correct, you will observe an inverted

Portrait Lighting
May 2017

May 2017

models have overcome that problem, 5. Talk to the model. This is very annoyance. If you do, you may as well on a full-frame sensor camera) or your one-light portriats, you may use highlighted triangle form under the eye
you would still be wrong; professional important. Ask questions on topics she forget about her posing well for you. about 55/60mm lens on an APS-C additional lights. opposite to the main light. If this trangle

94 www.smartphotography.in www.smartphotography.in 95

If
E-mail your images at sp@nextgenpublishing.net

Our Imaging Expert


Original
No one can take a picture that everyone likes. But,

I Were
almost every picture can have scope of improvement.
Often, we are not our best critics, while others can
immediately point out the faults. In If I were you,
our expert comments on how your pictures could be
taken to another level.

You Rohinton Mehta,


Technical Editor, Smart Photography

102
Camera: Canon EOS 7D Mark II
Lens: 600mm
Aperture: F/4.5
Shutter Speed: 1/500 sec
Edited
ISO: 400
The Owl
This photo of an owl comes to us
from Nirmal Chandra Barman from
Coochbehar in West Bengal. Nirmal
is an amateur photographer and a
government oficer. He wants to know
how this picture can be improved. Or
Original to put it another way, what would I
have done if I were you?

The subject is vertical, hence I


would have taken the shot in vertical
format (unless I wanted to show the
Kingisher environment). Doing that would have
Prabhu Venkatraman eliminated some of the bright sky
photographed this white throated in the background, which attracts
kingisher at Bharatpur in unwanted attention.
February 2017. The natural light
effect was almost like a spotlight. Edited Secondly, I would have taken care
Prabhu decided to expose for the that the owls legs were not cut off .
brightly lit bird. So after taking a Thirdly, I would have also taken a few
general meter reading, he used shots at ISO 1600, which would have
exposure compensation of minus offered me a 1-stop increase in shutter
2-stops. During editing, he further speed (from 1/60sec to 1/125sec),
tried to darken the background. resulting in a slightly sharper image.
He wants to know my views Yes, increasing the ISO on your camera
whether he has succeeded in would have resulted in a little more
creating a low-key image. noise in the image but that could have
been taken care of using the noise
Every photographer has a right reduction feature in post-processing.
to create the image thats in his
minds eye. So, I would say that The edited image has been cropped
you have done well, though I vertically. This has eliminated some
ind the lighter tone under the of the bright sky in the background. A
kingisher a bit disturbing. I also bit of the bright sky was still visible on
Smart Photography

Smart Photography

If I Were You
Camera: Nikon Coolpix P900
feel that a greener background the birds left side and hence I illed Focal length: 357mm
(rather than a darker background) up that area in green using Photoshop. (equivalent to 2000mm in 35mm format)
would look more natural. With in the edited image. Yes, it no longer should not be overly dark. Again, that Finally, I adjusted the contrast and Aperture: f/6.5
Shutter speed: 1/60sec
May 2017

May 2017

that in mind, I have opted for a qualiies as a low-key image, but in is my personal interpretation and not applied a bit of sharpening. ISO: 800
lighter background as you see this case, I feel that the background necessarily the only way to go about.

102 www.smartphotography.in www.smartphotography.in 103


G grap hy
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rst
beginners. With this in mind, we have asked a very knowledgeable photographer from
e
Und
Chennai to take over writing these articles. We have also requested him to be as jargon-
free as it is possible, so that newcomers to photography feel comfortable to pursue the
hobby.

The author, Ashok Kandimalla has been in the photographic field for over three decades
and has extensive experience in both film and digital photography. Being an electronics
engineer by profession and a photographer, he possesses a unique and deep insight into
the technical aspects of digital photography and equipment. He has published several
articles on photography and some of his writings have also been published in the well-
known international magazine Popular Photography.

An avid collector of photographic books and vintage cameras, Ashok has a keen interest
Ashok Kandimalla in the history of photography and a passion for sharing his knowledge on photography
through teaching and writing. He is presently working as a Management and Engineering
consultant. You can see his work at http://www.flickr.com/photos/ashok_kandimalla. He
can be reached at kashokk@gmail.com

Getting the best out of


cameras built-in flash
Picture 2: Light modifier

D
for a built-in flash. This
o you think that your D-SLRs the subject). (Picture 1). Let us see how device is hinged and
(or CSCs) built-in flash is we can overcome these issues. The folds neatly taking only
minimum space. It is
a dinky little toy that gives first problem, harsh shadows can be called Lims Easy Bounce
minimal light and pops up to fire at the eliminated by modifying the light from and is available on eBay.
most inappropriate moment? Sorry the built-in flash suitably to improve
you are wrong! Todays built-in flash the quality of light.
on D-SLRs and CSCs is a sophisticated
state of the art device capable of The second problem, that is the bad
doing several wonderful things. position of the shadows can only be
Virtually every function that was once improved by moving the flash off
available only on a dedicated external camera. Obviously, you cannot keep
shoe mounted flash costing several your built-in flash away from your
thousands of rupees is available on camera, but you can use it to trigger
your camera itself. Plus, you have the off camera flashes wirelessly. This is
great advantage that you cannot forget useful since most creative work will
it since it is built in and is hence with require multiple flashes as well. Your
you when your
camera is!

That said, a built-in


flash has some
serious limitations.
It severely limits
your creativity in
lighting though
it may give you
technically a
correct exposure.
Foremost, it casts
harsh shadows
of the subject
Smart Photography

(due to the small


size of the light
source) and at
May 2017

the wrong places Picture 1: Image produced with a built-in flash. Note the harsh and ugly shadow Picture 3: The Lims Easy Bounce
(directly behind (red arrow) directly behind the subject. fixed to the accessory shoe.

86 www.smartphotography.in
Picture 4: Result using the built-in flash light modifier
shown in Picture 2. Note, how the harsh shadows have
been effectively eliminated compared to Picture 1.

built-in flash can do this job very


efficiently as you will see.
Picture 6: Lighting setup used for Picture 5.
Improving the quality of light:
There are many gadgets available
to modify the light from the built-in light (as explained above) but since Using the built-in flash as a trigger:
flash to give a more pleasing picture. it is bounced over a very large area As mentioned briefly multiple flashes
Picture 2 shows one such device (ceiling) the coverage increases a lot. placed off camera will allow you to
(called Lims Easy Bounce) which is So, this is ideal for indoor group shots, configure a sophisticated lighting setup.
mounted on the accessory shoe of for example. For example, three flashes were used to
your camera (Picture 3). This is a produce this image (Picture 5). You can
simple gadget (you can perhaps even configure such a lighting set up (Picture
make one) that has a mirror to reflect Picture 5: 6) easily with the help of your built-in
light upwards to hit the room ceiling. flash. Before we proceed further, you
The light thus bounced (reflected) off need to get familiar with a few terms.
the ceiling will give very diffused light For this, see box A primer on flash
(Picture 4). It goes without saying nomenclature.
that you can use this only when there
is ceiling at a reasonable height, say Now that you are familiar with the
10 feet. It also should not be colored nomenclature, we will see how we can
as otherwise you may get a color rig up an inexpensive multi-flash setup
cast. There will be loss of light due to using dumb slaves.
the two reflections. Hence, you may
get underexposure. To avoid this, In principle, this is how a non-dedicated
bump up the power of your built-in multi-flash setup operates. Your DSLRs
flash. If this is already at full power built-in flash sends out a pulse of light
then increase ISO as this effectively when you press the shutter release. This
increases the exposure. For example, light pulse will be detected by the optical
if you are using a lens with maximum sensors of the dumb slave flashes and
aperture f/4 and you are getting they will in turn fire. Simple enough, but
under exposure, increasing the ISO there are many factors that you need to
from 200 to 400 (that is doubling) will take care. Here are some points that will
give you an effective aperture of f/2.8 help you to rig up a multi-flash setup.
(one stop over f/4), thus reducing
underexposure. Positioning the flashes: Position the
camera and the subject as you require.
Another advantage of this device is The flashes can be fixed on light stands
Smart Photography

that all the modes that are supported with suitable adapters (Picture7) and
by the built-in flash, like TTL exposure positioned depending on the lighting
automation, 2nd curtain sync, slow effect you want. The flashes must also
May 2017

sync etc. are still available. The only be placed carefully so that there is
disadvantage is that there is loss of proper line of sight contact between

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Picture 8: A chain reaction

Akshay Rao D
can be set off by positioning
the flashes carefully. Green
arrows show line of sight.

Picture 7: Adapters like this allow portable shoe


mounted flashes to be mounted on light stands. Plus,
it enables mounting of all the standard light modifiers
(soft boxes, snoots, umbrellas, etc.) that are used on
studio strobes. The ring on the adapter will help you
do this.

them. Fortunately, there is one point


that can simplify this issue. In a multi-
flash environment, it is not necessary
that sensor of each flash has a line of
sight with your D-SLRs built-in flash
but at least one should. The flashes
must however, be positioned to set off a
chain reaction. Sounds complicated but
it is not really. Consider this example.
Let us say you want a setup with three
flashes plus the cameras built-in flash. otherwise) to the overall lighting. A For Nikon D-SLRs,
Let us call these flashes A, B and C. It few lower end D-SLRs do not support Custom Menu > Bracketing / Flash sub
is sufficient, let us say if A has a line of manual power output. If this is the group > Flash Cntrl for built-in Flash >
sight with the built-in flash. Next, B can case, you can use auto-TTL. This mode Manual > Output level (Pictures 9, 10
have a line of sight with A but need not will give pre-flashes and to avoid false and 11).
with the built-in flash. Likewise, C can triggering you
have a line of sight with B but need not need to set slaves
with the other two. So, when the built- to S2 mode. If
in flash fires, A will fire seeing this, B your slaves do
will fire seeing A and finally C will also not have the S2
fire seeing B (Picture 8). mode, then you
simply cant use
If you have an obstruction interrupting such a slave.
the line of sight, you can try moving Sorry.
the slave(s) till this is removed. This is
why to be used off camera, a slave flash Your cameras
must have a tilt and swivel head as the built-in flash can
head can be turned while the sensor be configured
makes a line of sight contact. as described,
through
Smart Photography

Setting up your built-in flash: Keep custom menu


your built-in flash in manual mode or shooting
and at the minimum power level so menu based
May 2017

that the built-in flashs output does on the camera


not contribute (unless you want it manufacturer. Picture 9:

88 www.smartphotography.in
Picture 10: Choose Manual Picture 11: ..and then the power output

For Canon D-SLRs, cameras manual as there could be to manual exposure mode, shutter
Shooting Menu > Flash control > Built- variations form model to model. speed to X-Sync (or 1/125 sec) and
in flash func. Setting > Flash Mode aperture to the shooting aperture or
Manual and then adjust flash output Cutting out ambient light: Ambient open one stop from that. Switch off all
(Pictures 12 to 15). light can cause unnecessary headaches flashes and take a picture only using
when you dont want it! In case you the ambient light. You should get a
Important: You must check your want to eliminate it, set your camera totally black frame. This shows that the

Picture 12: Picture 13

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May 2017

Picture 14 Picture 15

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As an example, to get Picture 5, the flashes
left and right of the subject (Picture 6)
Using the right nomenclature is the first step in understanding and mastering were kept at equal levels (about of
any subject. So, here is the nomenclature that we are going to use: full power), whereas the third flash next
to the camera, used as a fill, was set to a
Dumb Slave: These are simple non-dedicated flashes which have a built in relatively low level (1/16 of full power).
optical sensor. They just fire when the optical sensor detects a light pulse. A The built-in flash was set at minimum
dumb slave does not know who has generated the light pulse and hence will
fire regardless of the source. Hence, it is prone to false triggering and should power and then blocked with a gobo so
not be used if there is more than one photographer in the same vicinity. More that it did not contribute any light.
importantly it will simply fire when it detects a light pulse, regardless whether
it is a pre-flash (used by automatic flash modes to determine the exposure) or Setting exposure: There is no flash
the actual flash that fires when the shutter is open. If triggered by a pre-flash, exposure automation since you will be
it will fire before the shutter opens and hence will serve no useful purpose. using non-dedicated flashes. The exposure
A variation of the Dumb slave is the Digital Slave. These are similar to dumb has to be set manually. So, first set your
slaves but can detect and ignore pre-flashes (commonly called S2 mode of the camera to manual exposure mode. As
flash). Rest of the operation is the same as that of a Dumb slave. Most of the you know, shutter speed has no effect on
low cost slaves currently on the market fall under this category. the flash exposure so long as the if the
ambient is insufficient. Hence, choose a
Both Dumb and Digital Slaves are low cost devices. They only cost a fraction
suitable shutter speed (X-Sync or 1/125
of dedicated smart slaves. However, they have two disadvantages apart from
false triggering one is that they dont offer automatic flash exposure and sec) to control the ambient light. Once
second you need to go near the flash to set the power levels. you set this, select an aperture based
on the depth of field you want. Set
Important: If you are purchasing a Dumb Slave or a Digital Slave, make sure the individual power levels of flashes
that it has variable power output. Without this feature, they are practically depending the lighting effect you want
useless! Another feature that you should look for is the tilt swivel head. This is
(as explained). Raise the built-in flash
a must as explained elsewhere.
and take test shots. Adjust the aperture
Finally, in this article I have used the word flash for both the types of shoe using histogram and highlight warning
mountable units - Dumb and Digital slaves. These are also known as - portable tools to get the right exposure. In case you
strobes (as opposed to studio strobes), flash guns, speedlights, etc. dont want to alter the aperture, think of
changing the ISO.

ambient light has been eliminated. gobo (like a black card) in front of the Alternatively, you can adjust the output
built-in flash. level of your flashes to get the exposure
Eliminating unwanted light from you want but in case you want some
built-in flash: If you do not want To make sure that your built-in flash specific lighting ratios (as in portrait
the built-in flash to contribute any is not adding any light to the exposure photography), then the level of all flashes
illumination, keep the output level of (when you dont need it), take a must be altered relatively to keep the
your built-in flash at the minimum. photograph with all the slaves switched ratio the same. This is quite a nuisance
DSLRs allow built-in flash to fire at off and only the built-in flash working and dont attempt this unless it is an
1/64 (or even 1/128) of full output with the black card in place. You should absolutely must!
level and this is normally more than get a totally black frame. This means
enough to trigger slaves. However, even that the light from the built-in flash is Important: Never judge the exposure
this low output can cause unwanted not adding any illumination. by simply looking at the playback
reflections and shadows. To eliminate screen! This is not at all reliable. Use the
all light from the built-in flash while Setting flash power levels: This will histogram and highlight warning tools
triggering you can place a baffle or depend on the lighting effect you want. instead. |SP All text, diagrams and images Ashok Kandimalla

CONCLUSION

You can see how you can get great images with your little built-in flash, either using
it with a light modifier or as a trigger for dumb slaves. The latter cost only a fraction
Smart Photography

of the dedicated units and are just as effective. The disadvantages are that you need
to physically go near the flashes to modify the power levels and there is no flash
exposure automation.
May 2017

90 www.smartphotography.in
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Image Editing
- PART 6
Rohinton Mehta Changing Image Size
T
he pixel rating of your image quality? The answer could vary
camera determines the native from person to person but heres my
Earlier issues: image size. For example, a
24 megpixel camera may offer an
take on it: For an imperceptible loss in
image quality, (and if your equipment
image size of 6000 x 4000 pixels. is high-end and if your shooting
Part 1: How to set-up This means that the longer side technique is perfect), you could go
Photoshop for optimum of the image has 6000 pixels and
the shorter side has 4000 pixels. If
double the native size; in our example,
that would be 40 x 26.66 inches at
performance you want to know the image size
in inches, you need to divide these
300 ppi. (This also assumes that you
are technically sound using an image
(December 2016) dimensions by 300 (300 pixels per
inch being the industry standard
editing program, like Photoshop). If
you are using a beginners/mid-end
Part 2: Setting the for printing). In our example that
would be 6000/300 and 4000/300
camera, increase the native image size
not more than 1.5 times.
optimum screen or 20 x 13.33 inches. This is what
we call native size. If you were to I am currently using Photoshop CS6.
resolution on your print at a slightly lower resolution
(say 240 ppi), then the print size in
Have a look at Printscreen 1. It tells
us that the Document Size (the print
computer; What are our example would be 25 x 16.66 size) at 300 pixels per inch (ppi) will be
inches. (For those who may wonder 20 x 13.33 inches. It also shows us the
you looking for from if reducing the print resolution from pixel dimensions as 6000 x 4000 pixels
300 to 240 ppi will cause a loss in and the file size as 137.3 megabytes
Photoshop?; Using image quality, the answer is for all (shown as M).
practical purposes, you are unlikely
Levels the wrong way; to notice any loss. Let us say that you want to increase
using Levels the right the document width from 20 to 25
Increasing
way; The Tool Box; Picture Size
Using the Ruler Tool to So far so good.
But let us
straighten tilted horizon assume that you
need a larger
(January 2017) picture. Is there
a way to do
Part 3: Curves that? Yes, there
is. It is known as
(February 2017) Ineterpolation.
The first
Part 4: Cleaning-up tools question that
comes to mind
(March 2017) then, is, how
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large can I
make my print,
Part 5: Blending Modes without it
May 2017

showing signs of
(April 2017) deterioration in
Printscreen 1
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ppi. Let us There are two ways to achieve this.


say that
you wish 1. Before you start the process to
to reduce reduce the document size, make a
the longer copy of your original image (Image >
side to 10 Duplicate) and then close the original
inches. image. Work on the duplicate image so
Since you that the original stays intact.
wish to
change 2. Work on the original image but when
the saving the file, use the Save As option
document (you will have to give a new name to
(picture) the file). This will create a new file. If
size, you by chance you use the Save command
must (instead of Save As), you will lose the
check original file (but Photoshop will also
(tick) the warn you before you click OK).
Resample
Image Lets Play Some More with
box.
When our Image Size
you do Please see Printscreen 4 (it is the same
inches. First, check (tick) the box that, the Constrain Proportions box as Printscreen 1). This time, we will
for Resample Image. When you will automatically get checked (ticked). un-check the Resample Image box.
check the Resample Image box, Change the Width to 10 inches and the Observe that the Width, Height and
you are telling Photoshop that you Height automatically changes to 6.667 Resolution boxes are linked. This means
wish to change the document size. inches (see Printscreen 3). Also notice that changing any one parameter will
Notice that when you check this box, that the file size, which was 137.3 MB change the other two.
the Constrain Proportions box will reduce to 34.3 MB if you click the
automatically gets checked (ticked). OK button. This means that you will be Lets change the Resolution from 300
This means that you need to change throwing away the pixels forever! And to 200 pixels/inch. The Document Size
only one dimension (either Width or thats not good in my book of accounts! changes from 20 x 13.33 inches to 30
Height), and the other dimension will So how can we avoid this? x 20 inches. But observe that the Pixel
change proportionately by itself.

Please see Printscreen 2. We changed


the Width from 20 to 25 inches. The
Height automatically changed from
13.33 to 16.667 inches. The Pixel
Dimension now shows 7500 x 5000
pixels and the new file size, which was
earlier 137.3 MB, is now 214.6 MB. If
you click the OK button, the changes
will take place.

Note: If you are using Photoshop


CS6 or Photoshop CC, and have set
your Preferences correctly, you will
see Bicubic Automatic displayed at
the bottom end of the dialog box. If
you are using an earlier version of
Photoshop, you will have to manually
set Bicubic Smoother from the drop-
down Menu.
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Deceasing Picture Size


Now lets assume that you wish to
reduce the size of your picture. The
May 2017

native image size in our example


above was 20 x 13.33 inches at 300
Printscreen 3
92 www.smartphotography.in
Printscreen 4

x 55.556 inches (almost 7 feet x a liitle


over 4.5 feet). Again notice that the
Pixel Dimensions have not changed!
It is still 6000 (W) x 4000 (H) pixels.
(Printscreen 6). In other words, the file
size has not changed!

Lets further change the Resolution


from 72 to 36 pixels/inch. The
Document size changes from 83.333
x 55.556 inches to 166.667 x 111.111
inches. Printscreen 7. Thats almost
13.88 feet x 9.25 feet! Again notice that
the Pixel Dimensions have not changed!
It is still 6000 (W) x 4000 (H) pixels.
(PS 7). In other words, the file size has
not changed!

Note: Very large prints (hordings)

Printscreen 5

Printscreen 73

Dimensions have are generally printed at 72 or even 36


not changed! It is pixels per inch. If you were to view
still 6000 (W) x the hording from a normal reading
4000 (H) pixels. distance, you will never be happy with
(Printscreen 5). In the image quality. Because we view
other words, the hordings from a great distance, we feel
file size has not that the image is sharp.
changed!.
To change the File Size (Pixel
Lets further Dimensions, not just the Document/
change the Image Size), the Resample box has to
Resolution be checked (ticked).
Smart Photography

from 200 to 72
pixels/inch. The Please try out this tutorial on your
Document size own images and be conversant with
May 2017

changes from 30 x increasing or decreasing your image


20 inches to 83.333 size. |SP
Printscreen 6
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Portrait Lighting
Rohinton Mehta

Why do we take portraits? The question may appear a


bit silly to some but the basic reason to take portraits
is to create a satisfactory likeness of the person being
photographed , to convey his/her character and at the
same time, be artistically pleasing.

T
o be a good portraitist, the models too need some time before they may be familiar. Make her speak.
photographer should be able to feel comfortable with you. To most
read and bring out the character people, sitting for a portrait can be an 6. As a photographer, you must be
of the sitter and should have good uncomfortable experience. In the days able to talk on various subjects. If
control over the effects of light and of film photography, many portrait you are photographing a housewife
shade after all, photography is an photographers used to shoot the first for example, talk about the kitchen,
interplay between light and the shade/ roll without actually putting a film roll cooking, or about the books she has
shadows it casts. By merely looking at in the camera this was done to give read/would like to read. If your subject
a subject, the photographer should be some time to the model to get used to is a cricketer, talk about cricket (and
able to instantly decide what features the photographer and it worked as not about the kitchen unless the
of the subject need to be highlighted long as you were not caught! cricketer also happens to be a good
and what features should be subdued. cook!). If the subject is a doctor of
At the same time, he needs to be fairly Remember, the models face will reflect medicine, talk about something related
conversant with the tools of his trade what is in her mind; if she is happy and to medical science. In other words, you
the camera, lighting equipment, comfortable, her face will show that. the photographer should be what
posing the model, a fair idea of make- If she is uncomfortable (either with we generally refer to as a jack-of-all.
up and hairstyling, using props etc. you, your assistants if there are any,
(I mentioned fair idea of make-up or if the set-up area is unclean and/or 7. Know your subject (portraiture) and
and hair styling, because we generally disorganised), her face will reflect her be knowledgeable about using your
employ the services of a make-up feelings. gear. If you fumble with your lights
artist/hair stylist). or with your camera, an experienced
So, how do we take care that our model will immidiately notice that and
Before we go ahead, understanding a subject feels comfortable? There are may wonder why she allowed herself
little human psychology will help. All a number of thing that we can do. For to be photographed by an amateur.
human beings (and animals too) feel example: And that will be reflected in her
comfortable in the surroundings that expressions!
they are used to. We feel comfortable 1. Keep the shooting area clean and
when we are amongst the people we uncluttered. 8. You may not be a liar; but when
know and trust. What happens if you photographing humans, a bit of lie will
were to pick up a baby who does not 2. Be cordial to the model and her not hurt. Encourage the model (even
know you? You may be a photographer assistants. if she is not posing the way you would
but do you feel comfortable if you like her to). Say things like, good,
notice someone taking your picture 3. Play some soft music which she likes. lovely, great pose, excellent, wow, you
with his cell-phone camera as you are looking very pretty, amazing, etc.
walk down a street? So, if you, as a 4. Dont scream at your assistants in Say these words (not all of them at the
Smart Photography

photographer, feel uneasy if a stranger case they make a mistake (this will same time!) with some feelings in you.
were to take your photo, why wouldnt definitely have an effect on the model).
a model? You may say Oh, professional 9. At no time should you show your
May 2017

models have overcome that problem, 5. Talk to the model. This is very annoyance. If you do, you may as well
you would still be wrong; professional important. Ask questions on topics she forget about her posing well for you.

94 www.smartphotography.in
10. The most important Respect model is generally considered the best Short Lighting (also known
the model at all times and dont do for portraiture. A wide-angle lens will as Narrow Lighting)
anything that may unnerve or upset distort the face (since you will have to
her. For example, dont keep staring go closer to fill the frame) and a very Short lighting is a corrective lighting
at her vital statistics or look at her in long focal length lens at a close distance for plump or round faces (Please see
a lecherous manner or say something could compress the perspective. image overleaf).
ungentlemanly. I know that most
photographers wouldnt do that, but Goal and Tools In this type of lighting, the Main light
its here for the record. The goal is to idealise our subject to also referred to as the Key light
make him/her look better than he/ illuminates the short side of the face.
What makes a good portrait? she really is. The tools in achieving Short side of the face? Whats that, you
A good portrait or for that matter, this are our camera, lens, lens angle, might ask? To understand that, we must
any photograph, is the sum-total of of pose, lighting and retouching. The first know how to pose the subject in
different qualities Lighting (the most most important is the lighting. In this relation to the camera lens. The subject
important), framing (composition), write-up, we shall talk more about the should never face the camera squarely.
posing, choosing the right lens and lighting aspect. As a general rule, make the subject turn
the right camera angle, technical her body about 45 to the axis of the
quality, your individual style and Proper lighting can create mood and lens. Now ask her to turn her upper
luck (sometimes) all contribute to a modelling (properly show the contours body towards the lens, while keeping
great shot. When we talk of tecnical of the face). Light areas always stand her lower body still in the 45 position
quality, we are referring to the subtle out while dark areas hide details. With to the lens. Now when you look through
gradations and tonality within the this in mind, we can set up our lighting the camera, you will see more of one
highlights and shadows, the range to highlight the five prominent areas of side of her face. This is the broad side
and smoothness of colours, contrast the face while keeping in shadow the while the other side, which is partially
and tonal density appropriate to the sides of the face and the neck. The five hidden from the cameras view, is the
subject. areas to highlight are: the forehead, the short side. In Short lighting, we start
bridge of the nose, both the cheeks and by placing the Main light to illuminate
When talking of portraits, the size of the chin. Doing this will create a sort of the short side of the face. This results
the portrait studio is important. I am 3D effect (remember our photograph in the broad side remaining in shadow
talking of the ideal room size, though has only two dimensions the width and causes the face to look narrower
in reality, we are often forced to work and the height. By proper use of light, or thinner. Thats why we call it
in a make-shift/temporary studio. we can visually create the dimension of corrective lighting.
There should be sufficient distance depth).
between the model and the backdrop; Placement of the Main light
no shadow from the subject should Portrait Lighting Techniques Place the Main light which should
fall on the backdrop. This distance will The following techniques will produce ideally be a large (diffused) light source
also tanslate to the backdrop getting artistic and sellable portraits. It should (if photographing women/children) or
out of focus even when the lens is be borne in mind that these are the a moderately hard light (for men) at
sufficiently stopped-down for the basic tecniques to start with; these an angle of approximately 45 to one
required depth of field. are not the only methods of creating side of the lens-subject axis, but higher
sellable portraits. than the subjects head. There are three
There should also be sufficient points to consider here.
distance between the camera and Once you master them, you are free to
the subject even when using a fairly try any variation thereof. 1. While placing the Main light, observe
long focal length lens. The distance the shadow of the nose, cast by the
behind the photographer and the back One question before we start main light. The shadow must not touch
wall is equally imporatnt so that the How many lights do you think we need or cross the lip line. If the light is too
photographer has enough space to for a successful portrait? The number high, the nose shadow will cross the
move around and shoot. The room will vary depending on whom you lip line. If the light is not high enough
should be wide enough to allow the ask. Remember, in nature, we have (if it is placed at the same height as the
proper placement of the various lights. only one light source the sun (or the subjects face for example), chances are
Ideally, a portrait studio should be moon) and we still see everything that the noise shadow will go above the
12 wide or more x 18 in length. This with proper modelling. Though there nose and this will look horribly wrong.
would take care even of a group of say, are good reasons why professional In nature, have you ever seen a shadow
8 persons. photographers use several lights of the nose go higher than the nose?
Smart Photography

to light up a portrait, my advice to


Photographing the subject at her eye beginners is to start with only one light. 2. When the placement of the main light
level and using a lens of 80-105mm Once you are happy with the results of is correct, you will observe an inverted
May 2017

on a full-frame sensor camera) or your one-light portriats, you may use highlighted triangle form under the eye
about 55/60mm lens on an APS-C additional lights. opposite to the main light. If this trangle

www.smartphotography.in 95
IN G
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is used to fill-in (not remove) the

Akshay Rao D
shadows cast by the main light.
This light too is generally diffused. It
is important that this light does not
eliminate the shadows; if the shadows
are eliminated, the correction for the
lighting will be lost and the plump face
will look plump (remember, in short
lighting, we are trying to make the face
look narrower!).

The fill-in light is used close to the


camera, at the same height as the lens,
but on the
opposite side
of the main
light. It should
be noted that
while the main
light basically
illuminates only
one side of the
face, the fill-in
light, because
of its more-
or-less frontal
placement,
illumintes both
sides of the
face. Depending
on the facial
contours of
the subject,
the fill-in light
may need
some minor
adjustments
in its position
for controlling
the highlights
on the five
prominent
areas of the face
as mentioned
Short lighting: Observe how the main light puts the broad side of the face in shadow. earlier.

The Hair
Light
is not formed, the light position is wrong in the eyes. Depending on which side the The hair light,
and needs to be corrected. subject is facing, the catchlights should placed high
appear at either 11 0clock or 1 0clock above the
Note: If the nose shadow and the cheek for Short lighting and Broad lighting head, places
shadow do not touch, the lighting is also highlights
referred to as Loop Lighting. If the nose Only after these three conditions are on the hair,
Smart Photography

shadow and the cheek shadow , met, should you consider another light. thereby
the lighting is referred to as Rembrandt providing detail
lighting. in the hair and
The Fill-in Light and its Position
May 2017

separating the
3. The main light must cause catchlights As the name suggests, the fill-in light hair from a

96 www.smartphotography.in
backdrop of a similar tone. Care needs the subjects dark clothes from a dark light as it is sometimes called, is
to be taken to avoid any spill-over on backdrop. This light is generally placed used to illuminate the backdrop and
the nose bridge or the forehead. The on the same side of the subject as the provide a tonal separation between
trick is to bring the hair light closer main light; if placed on the opposite the subject and the backdrop. If the
towards the face till the light spills over side of the main light, it could highlight backdrop is white, then care should
the nose/foehead and then carefully the ear closer to it (in which case, be taken to ensure that the whiteness
move it back a little. barn-doors could be used to mitigate does not cause flare in the picture.
the effect). Care must be taken to To take care of this, ensure that the
The Shoulder Light ensure that the light is not seen in the exposure at the backdrop does not
The shoulder light, also known as the frame. exceed 1.5 stops from the exposure for
Kicker Light, is usually a spot light, the main subject.
placed behind the shoulders, at a level Backdrop Light/s
higher than the shoulders, to separate The backdrop light or the background How far should the Fill-in
light be from the subject?
That depends on the lighting ratio
that you are after. Lighting Ratio (for
portraits) refers to the difference in
the intensity of light (measured at the
subject position) between the Main +
Fill-in light to the Fill-in light alone. It
is suggested that this ratio be around
3:1. This means that the main + fill-in
light is twice as strong as the fill-in
light alone.

What should you do if you


dont have a flashmeter?
Start with the main and fill-in light of
the same output power. Now consider
the f/stop scale as a distance scale. Eg:
F/4 is 4 feet, f/5.6 is 5.6 feet, f/8 is 8
feet etc. Place the main light to any f/
stop distance. Lets say the distance
between the main light and the subject
is 4 feet (f/4), then place the fill-in light
at 5.6 feet (f/5.6). This should roughly
contribute to a lighting ratio of 3:1.

Note 1: Most modern studio flash


have variable power output. Starting
with two lights of identical power, the
fill-light can be set to half the power
of the main light for 3:1 lighting ratio.
This allows you to keep both the lights
equidistant from the subject.

Note 2: With digital cameras, you can


check the result on the LCD screen
and manipulate the flash to subject
distances to suit your needs.

The Exposure
If you are using continuous light
Smart Photography

source, the exposure can be easily


checked using your in-built camera
Rembrandt lighting. Observe how the main meter; if using studio flash, you will
May 2017

light causes an inverted hightlighted triangle need a flashmeter. Ensure that the
on the opposite side of the main light. backdrop light and the hair light are

www.smartphotography.in 97
IN G
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turned off when taking the exposure can mention just one or two positions 6. I am often asked, where should the
readings. When using studio flash, for the hands, the first thing I would subject look at the camera or away
be careful that your cameras shutter say is that the models hands should from the camera? My answer is, Where
speed does not exceed the X-Sync speed not hang down the sides. Hands are do you look when you are talking to
(that is, the maximum allowable shutter expressive. Secondly, dont let your someone?
speed when using flash). If you are not hand (or for that matter, any part
sure, you may safely set the shutter of your body), be closer to the lens
speed to 1/125sec as almost all modern compared to the rest of the body; or it Broad Lighting
cameras will synchronise with the flash will look large and distorted. Broad lighting is a corrective lighting
at that speed. for thin or narrow faces.
3. Dont pose the subject in such a way
Some Tips about Posing that part of the eye away from the lens, In this type of lighting, the Main light
1. As mentioned earlier, the subject is cut. illuminates the broad side of the face
must not squarely face the camera. The (the side that is facing the camera). We
lower body should be about 45 to the 4. Ideally, a subject should not be looking know that highlighted areas stand out
axis of the lens while the upper body from the extreme corner of the eye. and shadow areas hide details. Since a
can be turned towards the camera. larger portion of the face is highlighted,
2. Care should be taken for the 5. If an imagery line is drawn through the face appears larger. Thats why we
placement of the hands. Wrong the center of both eyes, it should not call it corrective lighting.
placement of hands can ruin an run parallel to the top of the frame.
otherwise good portrait. Unfortunately, In other words, the head can be tilted All instructions given for Short lighting
it is beyond the scope of this write-up slightly (but not too much, otherwise apply here too; in other words, other
to explain hands-posing in detail. If I the neck may appear broken!) than the placement of the Main (Key)

Broad Lighting. The main light is placed


to illuminate the broad side of the face.
Smart Photography
May 2017

98 www.smartphotography.in
Though not explained in the text, this is
another variation in portrait lighting. This
is known as Split lighting.

Smart Photography
May 2017

www.smartphotography.in 99
Butterfly Lighting. The main light casts a shadow

ING
under the nose that looks like a butterfly.

R N
L EA
light, all other lights are placed
in the same way.

Butterfly Lighting
Butterfly lighting is better
known as Glamour Lighting.

In this kind of lighting, the


Main (Key) light is placed just
behind the camera, at a height
that causes the shadow of the
nose to fall just below it. Here
too, care must be taken to see
that the nose shadow does not
touch or cross the lip line. The
catchlight will be at or close to
the 12 Oclock position.

A Fill light may be used to


lighten the shadow under the
chin and also illuminate the rest
of the body. Butterfly lighting is
generally reserved for women
and children as it does not
accentuate facial details (it is
a variation of frontal lighting).
This variation of frontal
lighting subdues details and is
considered a flattering lighting
when used on women and
children.

All instructions given for Short


/Broad lighting apply here too;
Other than the placement of the
Main (Key) light, all other lights
are placed in the same way. |SP

CONCLUSION

Practice regularly the three types of portrait lighting mentioned above till the
placement of lights become second nature to you. Remember what I have mentioned
earlier in the write-up: Start with only one light; if necessary, use a reflector as the fill-in
light. Try varying the distance between the reflector and the subject. Study the results
carefully. Sometimes, your lighting may not look good; if so, try and find the reason.
Outdoors, use the sun as your main light using the hard harsh light; then place a large
Smart Photography

white diffuser between the light and the subject; notice the softness as you bring the
diffuser closer to the subject. The way to learn is to experiment. Do not be upset if you
fail. Remember, he who does not fail, does not learn! Good luck.
May 2017

100 www.smartphotography.in
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146

Special Features
Aquatic Life
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Five Portraitists

Also Reviewed
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Canon EF-M 55-200
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Le
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Art
Sigma 85mm f/1.4
Mi lvu s
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If
E-mail your images at sp@nextgenpublishing.net

Our Imaging Expert


No one can take a picture that everyone likes. But,

I Were
almost every picture can have scope of improvement.
Often, we are not our best critics, while others can
immediately point out the faults. In If I were you,
our expert comments on how your pictures could be
taken to another level.

You Original
Rohinton Mehta,
Technical Editor, Smart Photography

Camera: Canon EOS 7D Mark II


Lens: 600mm
Aperture: F/4.5
Shutter Speed: 1/500 sec
ISO: 400

Kingfisher
Prabhu Venkatraman
photographed this white throated
kingfisher at Bharatpur in Edited
February 2017. The natural light
effect was almost like a spotlight.
Prabhu decided to expose for the
brightly lit bird. So after taking a
general meter reading, he used
exposure compensation of minus
2-stops. During editing, he further
tried to darken the background.
He wants to know my views
whether he has succeeded in
creating a low-key image.

Every photographer has a right


to create the image thats in his
minds eye. So, I would say that
you have done well, though I
find the lighter tone under the
kingfisher a bit disturbing. I also
Smart Photography

feel that a greener background


(rather than a darker background)
would look more natural. With in the edited image. Yes, it no longer should not be overly dark. Again, that
May 2017

that in mind, I have opted for a qualifies as a low-key image, but in is my personal interpretation and not
lighter background as you see this case, I feel that the background necessarily the only way to go about.

102 www.smartphotography.in
Original

Edited

The Owl
This photo of an owl comes to us
from Nirmal Chandra Barman from
Coochbehar in West Bengal. Nirmal
is an amateur photographer and a
government officer. He wants to know
how this picture can be improved. Or
to put it another way, what would I
have done if I were you?

The subject is vertical, hence I


would have taken the shot in vertical
format (unless I wanted to show the
environment). Doing that would have
eliminated some of the bright sky
in the background, which attracts
unwanted attention.

Secondly, I would have taken care


that the owls legs were not cut off .
Thirdly, I would have also taken a few
shots at ISO 1600, which would have
offered me a 1-stop increase in shutter
speed (from 1/60sec to 1/125sec),
resulting in a slightly sharper image.
Yes, increasing the ISO on your camera
would have resulted in a little more
noise in the image but that could have
been taken care of using the noise
reduction feature in post-processing.

The edited image has been cropped


vertically. This has eliminated some
of the bright sky in the background. A
bit of the bright sky was still visible on
Smart Photography

Camera: Nikon Coolpix P900


the birds left side and hence I filled Focal length: 357mm
up that area in green using Photoshop. (equivalent to 2000mm in 35mm format)
Finally, I adjusted the contrast and Aperture: f/6.5
Shutter speed: 1/60sec
May 2017

applied a bit of sharpening. ISO: 800

www.smartphotography.in 103
Note: If I Were You is meant to encourage and guide readers, and help them

IF I WERE YOU
improve their photography. Please ensure that the required camera/exposure
details are sent to us (or are available in the EXIF data). We shall not accept images
for this section if the required data is not available. Readers are requested to send
E-mail your images at sp@nextgenpublishing.net their images at 300ppi for 8 x 10-inch size. If they are too small, working on them is
difficult, and hence they may be rejected.

Original

Tutaari
This image, taken by
Dhananjay Ingle at
Anand Sagar, Shegaon
in Maharashtra, has
been received by
us via email. He has
tried to improve the
sky and clone out
the disturbing cables
in the sky area. He
wants my views
and suggestions for
further improvements,
if any.

I appreciate your
effort but you have
overdone the blue sky.
In the edited image, I
have reduced the blue
and also lightened the
orange. The shadow
areas are too deep in
your image, henceI
have opened up the
shadows a bit.

One more point. If I


were you, I would not
have cut off the flag-
pole at the top. |SP

Camera: Nikon D5300


Lens: 50mm f/1.8
Aperture: f/3.2
Shutter Speed: 1/4000 sec
ISO: 100

Edited
Smart Photography
May 2017

104 www.smartphotography.in
106 ILCC Review
Olympus OM-D E-M1 II

110 ILCC Review

Reviews
114
Sony Alpha 6500

116
Lens Review
Canon EF-M 55-200mm
Lens Review f/4.5-6.3 IS STM

118
Panasonic Lumix 45mm
F2.8 Leica DG Macro
Elmarit ASPH Mega OIS
Lens Review

120 122
Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG
HSM | Art

Lens Review
Zeiss15mm f/2.8 Smartphone
Milvus Lens Review
Oppo F3 Plus
D-SLR CAMERAS LENSES COMPACT CAMERAS
Change in Rating System Design & Build Quality .................... (out of 20) Design & Build Quality .................... (out of 20) Design & Build Quality .................... (out of 20)
Smart Photographys new rating Key Features........................................... (out of 20) Key Features........................................... (out of 20) Key Features........................................... (out of 20)
system exercises stricter evaluation
in view of improvements in the Ergonomics ............................................. (out of 20) Ergonomics ............................................. (out of 20) Ergonomics ............................................. (out of 20)
overall performance of photographic
equipment. Marks will be awarded for Performance Performance Performance
the following parameters... Autofocus ....................................................(out of 5) Autofocus ....................................................(out of 5) Autofocus ....................................................(out of 5)
Metering ......................................................(out of 5) Sharpness.....................................................(out of 5) Metering ......................................................(out of 5)
Noise control ...........................................(out of 5) Distortion control .................................(out of 5) Noise control ...........................................(out of 5)
Distortion/Sharpness..........................(out of 5) Aberrations ................................................(out of 5) Distortion/Sharpness..........................(out of 5)
LCD/Viewfinder.....................................(out of 5) Darkening of corners.........................(out of 5) LCD/Viewfinder.....................................(out of 5)
Final Rankings Auto White Balance...........................(out of 5) Extra Features............................................(out of 5) Auto White Balance...........................(out of 5)
Recommended ......................................... 75-80%
Value for Money ....................... (out of 10) Value for Money ................................. (out of 10) Value for Money ....................... (out of 10)
Best Buy .........................................81% and above
Grand Total ............................... (out of 100) Grand Total ......................................... (out of 100) Grand Total ............................... (out of 100)
C C
L
I VIEW
RE

Inside the Box


Camera body
USB cable
Cable clip
Shoulder strap
Instruction manual
Warranty card
FL-LM3 flash
BLH-1 Li-ion battery
BCH-1 battery charger Olympus OM-D
E-M1 II ` 1,45,490 Sujith Gopinath

The Blue Moon!


T
here was a time when Olympus
was literally written off by permanently prevent accidental 5-area) and Single target. The camera
many experts with Panasonic rotation. The shutter has been tested uses a 5-axis sensor-shift image
taking the lead in Micro Four Thirds for durability for up to 200,000 stabilisation for both movie and still
cameras. With the OM-D series, the actuations. Overall, the camera is and provides Lens IS Priority option
company turned around, declaring ergonomically designed with a deep to use Optical Image Stabilisation if
that it still has some formidable fire- grip and provides a sturdy feel, though you choose so.
power left for a fight. Combined with it is lightweight.
stunning optics in their PRO series The camera uses a computerised
lenses, the company once again has Key Features focal-plane, high-speed mechanical
proven its mettle. The OM-D E-M1 The 20.4 megapixel OM-D E-M1 shutter and also a silent electronic
Mark II adds on-chip phase detection Mark II uses a 4/3-inch Type (13.0 shutter. The mechanical shutter
amidst a host of incredible upgrades. x 17.3mm) Live MOS sensor for provides shutter speeds from 60 to
imaging. The sensor unit incorporates 1/8000 seconds, while the electronic
Design and Build Quality a supersonic wave filter for dust shutter provides 60 to 1/32000
The Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II is reduction and uses a Micro Four Thirds seconds shutter speed range. Bulb
sturdily built with a weatherproof lens mount. The camera uses a TruePic setting allows you to select from 1, 2,
magnesium alloy body. The body VIII image processor. The E-M1 II 4, 8, 15, 20, 25 and 30 minutes. Still
is splashproof, dustproof and uses a high-speed imager AF aided images are recorded in Raw (12-
freezeproof up to -10 degree Celsius. by 121-point cross-type (on-chip) bit lossless compression) or JPEG
The camera has a sophisticated phase detection AF and 121-point format with an option to record both
appearance, similar to other contrast detection AF. Focus modes simultaneously. These can be captured
OM-D series bodies. There are two used are Single (S-AF), Continuous with a maximum size of 5184 x 3888
command dials on top along with (C-AF), Manual Focus (MF), S-AF pixels. In default mode, the camera
the mode dial, two multifunctional + MF, AF tracking (C-AF + TR) and can shoot full resolution images at
Smart Photography

buttons and power switch. The Preset MF. The camera does not allow 15 frames per second and maintain
shutter release button, function full time AF. The camera offers Face this rate for a maximum of 84 Raw
button and record button complete and Eye Detection. Face detection or 117 JPEG images. In Silent or Pro
May 2017

the top panel. The mode dial has allows a maximum of eight faces to be Capture mode, it can shoot at up to
a lock, which can be pressed to displayed. Focus Area modes include 60 frames per second for 48 Raw or
All target, Group target (9-area or
106 www.smartphotography.in
Mahesh Reddy
Aperture: f/7.1
Shutter Speed: 1/30sec
ISO: 800

JPEG images. Self-timer can be set to panel for display. The E-M1 Mark II decided not to provide this along with
12 or 2 seconds. Custom self-timer offers Digital ESP (324-area multi our test piece). Flash control is through
option is also available. Videos are pattern metering), center-weighted TTL Auto, Auto, Manual or Super FP
recorded in MOV(MPEG-4AVC/H.264) average, spot, spot with highlight modes. The bundled flash has a Guide
or AVI(Motion JPEG) format at the best control and spot with shadow control Number of 9.1m at ISO100. The flash
quality of 4096 2160 (Cinema 4K) / (along with AF target spot metering) has bounce capability with 45, 60, 75,
24p. Movie Image Stabilisation options metering mode. The system can 90 degree in vertical and 30, 60, 90,
are M-IS1 (Image sensor shift and meter in the range of -2 to 20 EV 120, 150, 180 degree in horizontal
electronic image stabiliser with multi illumination. Shooting modes include axis. Flash modes include Redeye,
motion IS) and M-IS2 (Image sensor i Auto, P (Program AE), A (Aperture Fill-in, Flash Off, Red-eye Slow sync.
shift with multi motion IS). priority AE), S (Shutter priority AE), (1st curtain), Slow sync.(1st curtain),
M (Manual), Custom (3 settings), Art Slow sync.(2nd curtain) and Manual
The E-M1 II uses an eye-level electronic Filter, and Underwater wide/macro (1/1~1/64). In default mode, the flash
viewfinder with approximately 2.36 (to be assigned to the Fn1 button). synchronises with the shutter at up to
million dots. The EVF provides grids Sensitivity ranges from LOW (approx. 1/250 sec, while in Super FP mode, it
such as normal, trichotomy, golden ISO 64) to 25,600, along with an Auto can synchronise from 1/125 to 1/8000
grid, scale, diagonal and movie grid. option. Exposure can be compensated sec. Flash intensity can be altered up to
The device uses a 2-axis (horizontal up to 5 EV in 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV steps. 3 EV in 1/3, 1/2, 1 EV steps. The flash
Smart Photography

/ vertical) level gauge. It also offers a is compatible with Olympus Wireless


Simulated OVF (S-OVF), which expands The E-M1 II does not have a built-in RC Flash system and can wirelessly
the Live View dynamic range. The flash, but Olympus has bundled the FL- trigger and control compatible flashes.
May 2017

camera uses a 3.0-inch, Approx.1037 LM3 dust and splash proof flash along
k-dot fully articulated capacitive touch with the kit (unfortunately, Olympus The camera provides White Balance

www.smartphotography.in 107
C C
L
I VIEW
RE

NOISE

ISO 800 ISO 1600 ISO 3200 ISO 6400 ISO 12800

options such as Auto, Sunny (5300K), Same. The camera has a built-in stereo rubber to provide excellent grip. All
Shadow (7500K), Cloudy (6000K), microphone and built-in mono speaker, controls are well within reach, and are
Incandescent (3000K), Fluorescent and has provision for an external user-friendly. The fully-articulating
(4000K), Underwater, Flash (5500K) stereo microphone. Connectors include monitor allows you to exploit a wide
and CWB (2000 14000K). White USB Type-C, 2.5mm Pin Remote Jack, range of perspectives and protects
Balanced can be fine-tuned. The E-M1 Micro HDMI (type D), Accessory the LCD when not in use. Images
II provides bracketing options for shoe (Hot shoe) with sync terminal, were crisp on both EVF and LCD. We
Exposure, ISO, White Balance, Flash 3.5mm stereo mini MIC/Headphone never felt any eye strain while using
and Focus. Focus Stacking mode jack (plug-in power on/off) and either of them. The camera retains the
allows stacking of eight shots taken at SuperSpeed (USB3.0) POC interface. same extensive menu, often dubbed
different focus points and automatically The camera has built-in Wireless LAN as confusing, but this time, Olympus
composited together into a single (Wi-Fi). The E-M1 Mark II is powered has made the custom menu a little
image. The camera provides 14 Art by a BLH-1 Li-ion battery (included). more user-friendly with a secondary
Filters and nine Art Effects. The camera weighs approximately menu inside. The quick menu can be
574g with battery and memory card accessed by pressing the OK button,
The E-M1 Mark II features dual and measures 134.1 x 90.9 x 68.9mm which is least expected. Overall, the
memory card slots compatible with (WxHxD). camera is confusing to begin with,
Smart Photography

SD, SDHC, SDXC and Eye-Fi cards. but things become smooth once you
While slot 1 is UHS-I,II compatible, Ergonomics get used to the system. For people
Slot 2 is UHS-I compatible. The slots The E-M1 II is quite lightweight for who still think the menus are
May 2017

can be configured as Standard, Auto a sturdy magnesium alloy body. The confusing, this camera has 12
Switch, Dual Independent and Dual grip is deep and finished with textured customisable buttons!

108 www.smartphotography.in
Performance
FINAL SCORE
KEY SPECIFICATIONS

88%
The E-M1 Mark II performed very
well with the supplied 25mm f/1.2 Sensor type: 4/3-inch Type (13.0 x
PRO lens. Autofocus was quick and 17.3mm) Live MOS Sensor
silent, and the system latched on Effective pixels: 20.4 million
to subjects easily even in low light. Dust reduction: Super Sonic Wave Filter
Metering was perfect and out-of-the- Processor type TruePic VIII
box JPEGs appeared quite sharp. AF system: High-speed imager AF: Phase
detection and contrast dtection Design and Build Quality20/20
The camera produces images with Focusing points: 121-point cross-type
a native print size of 11.52 x 17.28 phase detection AF and 121-point contrast
inches at 300 ppi. At 25 percent of AF Key Features 19/20
the screen size, images were Focus area modes: All target, Group target
absolutely free of noise up to ISO (9-area or 5-area), Single target
1600. Slight noise appeared at ISO Image stabilisation: Built-in 5-axis sensor- Ergonomics 17/20
3200, though these were perfectly shift image stabilisation for movie and still
usable up to ISO 6400. Higher ISOs Lens IS priority: Available
were practically useless. Viewed at Shutter speed: Mechanical: 60 to 1/8000
50 percent, images were absolutely sec.; Electronic Shutter: 60 to 1/32000 sec. Performance
free of noise up to ISO 800. A tinge Max. sequential shooting: Normal: Autofocus 4.5/5
of noise appeared from ISO 1600, Approx. 15 fps with selectable 10-15 fps;
Metering 4/5
but the images were usable up to ISO Silent/Pro Capture: Approx. 60 fps with
3200. At 100 percent, ISO 64 (LOW) selectable 15, 20, 30, 60 fps Noise Control 3.5/5
appeared spotless. Images were Max recordable pictures: H 15fps: 84 Sharpness 4/5
usable up to ISO 400. frames (Raw), 117 frames (JPEG); Silent H
LCD/EVF 4/5
60fps: 48 frames (Raw), 48 frames ( JPEG)
The camera allowed us to capture Viewfinder type: Eye-level electronic view- Auto WB 4/5
Raw images at a continuous rate finder, approx. 2.36M dots
Sub-Total 24/30
of 15 frames per second in default Monitor type: 3.0-inch, Approx.1037k-dot
mode, which confirms the claims vari-angle capacitive touch panel Value for Money 8/10
by Olympus. We obtained 75 frames Shooting mode: i Auto, P, A, S, M, Custom
in 5 seconds and the camera (3 settings), Art Filter, Underwater wide/
shot 57 Raw images before it Underwater macro
hesitated a bit. We used a Sandisk ISO sensitivity: Auto, LOW (approx. ISO 64)
Extreme Pro card with a marked to 25,600 PLUS MINUS
speed of 95 MB per second for the Exposure compensation:5 EV, adjustable Sturdily built Menu can be
tests. Pro Capture mode was so fast by 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV steps Weather-sealed body confusing for
that even the 95MB per second card Flash control: TTL Auto, Auto, Manual, Ergonomic design some
was unable to keep up with it. So Super FP (Available on external flash) Fully articulated
we were unable to verify the actual Bundled flash: FL-LM3 (dustproof and display
speed in this mode. In a single press splashproof flash) Feature-packed
and release of the button, the camera Flash guide number: 9.1m (ISO100)
5-axis stabilisation
captured about 23 images, which is Synchronization speed: up to 1/250 sec.
Cinema 4K
Stunning
amazing. Compatible memory: SD, SDHC, SDXC, Eye-
performance
Fi Card compatible (Slot1:UHS-I,II compat-
Auto White Balance performed ible, Slot2:UHS-I compatible)
as expected with the camera File format: Raw (12-bit lossless compres- VERDICT
reproducing colours true to the sion), JPEG, Raw+JPEG Micro Four Thirds Standard is here to
original. Slight cast produced under Max. recorded pixels: 5184 x 3888 stay, and this camera is proof of that.
incandescent and fluorescent lights Dual card slot settings: Standard, Auto If you are looking for a professional
could be removed easily during post- Switch, Dual Independent, Dual Same quality interchangeable lens camera
processing. Videos were crisp and Video formats: MOV(MPEG-4AVC/H.264) , that is compact, lightweight and easy to
autofocus was smooth. AVI(Motion JPEG) lug around, the Olympus E-M1 Mark II
Best movie: 4096 2160 (C4K) certainly fits the bill. It is true that the
Value for Money Power source: BLH-1 Li-ion battery cropped sensor does not come close
Smart Photography

The E-M1 Mark II body retails at an (included) to a full frame system in noise control.
MRP of Rs.1,45,490. The camera is Weight: Approx. 574g (with battery and However, if you are a frequent traveller,
available in kit form with the 12- memory card) your shoulders will thank you for opting
May 2017

40mm PRO lens at Rs.1,96,490. This Dimensions (WxHxD): 134.1 x 90.9 x for this system. Combined with the PRO-
seems to be good value for money. |SP 68.9mm series lenses, the camera is a Best Buy.

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Inside the Box


Camera body
Rechargeable battery NP-FW50
AC adaptor: AC-UUD12
Shoulder strap
Sony
Body cap
Accessory shoe cap Alpha 6500 ` 1,19,990 Sujith Gopinath

The Challenger
Eyepiece cup
Micro USB cable

T
he Sony Alpha series has
been slowly, but steadily for AF/MF and AE Lock. The camera The Alpha 6500 uses 1200-zone
capturing their share in the has a metal tripod receptacle. A tiny evaluative metering. Exposure can
full frame mirrorless market, riding built-in flash might look odd, but still, be compensated up to +/- 5.0EV in
on superior 4K video capabilities. it is better than having none at all. 1/3 or 1/2 EV steps. Shooting modes
Though the Company has had quite available are Auto (iAuto/Superior
a few products in the APS-C market Key Features Auto), Programmed AE (P), Aperture
as well, the cameras failed to gather The 24.2-megapixel Alpha 6500 uses priority (A), Shutter priority (S),
the same fan following as the Alpha an APS-C (23.5 x 15.6mm) Exmor Manual (M), Movie, Sweep Panorama
7-series or RX-series premium CMOS sensor with a charge protection and Scene Selection. Scene Selection
compacts. With the Alpha 6500, Sony coating on optical filter and sensor options include Portrait, Sports
is trying to revive the APS-C space, shift mechanism for dust removal. Action, Macro, Landscape, Sunset,
incorporating many improvements The camera accepts Sony E-mount Night Scene, Hand-held Twilight,
in the camera. lenses. The camera features sensor- Night Portrait and Anti Motion Blur.
shift Image Stabilisation, claimed The camera provides sensitivity
Design and Build Quality to provide a 5-stop advantage. The ranging from ISO 100 to 25,600,
The Sony Alpha 6500 has a sturdy 6500 uses a fast hybrid autofocus expandable up to ISO 51,200.
magnesium alloy chassis. The system aided by phase-detection
camera has a boxy design. The and contrast-detection along with Still images are recorded in JPEG or
electronic viewfinder is flushed to an Exmor CMOS sensor. The camera Raw format, with an option to record
one side and so is the metal lens incorporates 425 phase-detection both simultaneously, while videos are
mount. The camera has a top- AF points along with 169 contrast recorded in XAVC S, AVCHD or MP4
mounted command dial along with detection AF points. Focus modes format. Audio is recorded in LPCM
the mode dial, power switch, shutter available are AF-A (Automatic), AF-S 2ch, Dolby Digital (AC-3) 2ch, Dolby
release buttons and two custom (Single-shot), AF-C (Continuous), DMF Digital Stereo Creator or MPEG-4
Smart Photography

buttons. The back surface houses (Direct Manual Focus) and Manual AAC-LC 2ch format. Still images can
the rest of the buttons including a Focus. Focus area options include be recorded at a maximum resolution
custom button and function button Wide, Zone, Centre, Flexible Spot of 6000 x 4000 pixels, while videos
May 2017

along with the control ring, menu (S/M/L), Expanded Flexible Spot, and can be captured at the best quality
and flash buttons and toggle switch Lock-on AF. of 4K 3840 x 2160 (30p or 24p). In

110 www.smartphotography.in
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May 2017

Aperture: f/7.1
Shutter Speed: 1/50sec
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NOISE

ISO 200 ISO 800 ISO 3200 ISO 12800 ISO 51200

JPEG mode, the camera offers Extra in approximately 4 sec. The 6500 speed of 11fps. At this speed, the
fine, Fine and Standard compression provides White Balance modes such camera can record a maximum of
modes. Raw can be recorded in 14bit as Auto, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, 233 JPEG Extra fine, 107 Raw or 100
or Uncompressed format. Incandescent, Fluorescent (Warm Raw+JPG frames. Self-timer can be
White, Cool White, Day White, set for 10/5/2 sec.
The Alpha 6500 uses an Daylight), Flash, Underwater, Colour
electronically-controlled, vertical- Temperature (2500 to 9900K) and The camera accepts a Memory
traverse, focal-plane shutter colour filter along with Custom. Stick PRO Duo/PRO-HG Duo or SD/
providing shutter speeds from 30 SDHC/SDXC (UHS-I compliant)
to 1/4000 sec along with Bulb. The camera incorporates a 0.39-inch, memory card. The device offers PC
Flash syncs with the shutter at up 2,359,296-dot XGA OLED electronic Interface, Multi/Micro USB, NFC,
to 1/160 sec. The built-in flash has viewfinder along with a 3.0-inch, Wireless LAN, Bluetooth, HDMI
a Guide No. of 6m at ISO 100. The 921,600-dot touch responsive micro (Type-D), Multi Interface Shoe
flash covers up to 16 mm (marked wide type TFT LCD. The LCD can and 3.5 mm Stereo minijack mic.
focal length). Flash control is through be tilted up by approximately 90 Lens Compensation options include
TTL Pre-flash and flash output degrees and down by approximately Peripheral Shading, Chromatic
can be compensated by +/- 3.0 EV 45 degrees. Drive modes include Aberration and Distortion.
(switchable between 1/3 and 1/2 Single, Continuous (Hi+/Hi/Mid/Lo), The camera is powered by one
Smart Photography

EV steps). Flash modes available are Self-timer, Self-timer (Continuous), rechargeable battery pack NP-FW50.
Flash off, Autoflash, Fill-flash, Slow Bracket: Single, Bracket: Continuous, The 6500 weighs approximately 453
Sync., Rear Sync., Red-eye reduction White Balance bracket and DRO g with battery and memory card and
May 2017

(on/off selectable), Wireless control bracket. The 6500 can capture still has dimensions of approximately
and Hi-speed sync. The flash recycles images at a maximum continuous 120.0 x 66.9 x 53.3 mm.

112 www.smartphotography.in
Ergonomics KEY SPECIFICATIONS
The Sony Alpha 6500 has a broad Lens mount: E-mount FINAL SCORE
and deep-enough grip with a

84%
Effective pixels: Approx. 24.2 million
textured rubber finish. The body Sensor type: APS-C type (23.5 x 15.6 mm),
is light and comfortable to use. Exmor CMOS sensor
It balanced well with the FE 24- Anti-Dust system: Charge protection coat-
70mm f/4 lens Sony provided for ing on optical filter and image sensor shift
the test. The viewfinder was bright mechanism
and the images were crisp. You can Recording format: Still: JPEG, Raw; Video:
adjust the brightness and colour XAVC S, AVCHD, MP4; Audio: XAVC S: LPCM
temperature of the EVF. The LCD 2ch, AVCHD: Dolby Digital (AC-3) 2ch, Dolby Design and Build Quality18/20
appeared bright and the display Digital Stereo Creator, MP4: MPEG-4 AAC-
crisp. The one difficulty with the LC 2ch
camera is that the card access lamp Max. recorded pixels: Still: 6000 x 4000; Key Features 18/20
is at the bottom of the camera, near Video: 3840 x 2160 (30p, 24p)
the battery/card chamber. Image quality modes: Raw, Raw & JPEG,
JPEG Extra fine, JPEG Fine, JPEG Standard Ergonomics 17/20
Performance Raw output: 14 bit, Uncompressed
The Sony Alpha 6500 performed Media: Memory Stick PRO Duo/PRO-HG
very well in our tests. Autofocus Duo, SD/SDHC/SDXC (UHS-I compliant)
was fast and inaudible. The system Memory card slot: Multi slot for Memory Performance
latched on to the subject without any Stick Duo/SD memory card Autofocus 5/5
problem even under low light. The Focus type: Fast Hybrid AF(phase-detec-
Metering 4/5
camera shot at approximately 10 tion AF/contrast-detection AF)
frames per second in full resolution Focus points: 425 points (phase-detection Noise Control 4/5
even with Raw + JPEG setting using AF) / 169 points (contrast-detection AF) Sharpness 4/5
a Sandisk Extreme PRO 95MB/s SD Exposure compensation: +/- 5.0EV(1/3
LCD/EVF 3/5
XC Class 10 (U3) card. We obtained EV, 1/2 EV steps selectable)
102 continuous frames (Raw + JPEG) Exposure modes: Auto (iAuto/Superior Auto WB 4/5
before the camera showed some Auto), Programmed AE (P), Aperture prior-
hesitation. ity (A), Shutter priority (S), Manual (M),
Sub-Total 24/30
Movie (Sl&Q Motion), Sweep Panorama,
Value for Money 7/10
In Auto White Balance mode, the Scene Selection
camera reproduced colours true Sensitivity: ISO 100-25,600 (Expandable
to the original under most lighting up to ISO 51,200)
conditions except incandescent, Viewfinder type: 1.0 cm (0.39 type) elec-
where it produced red cast. All tronic viewfinder (colour), XGA OLED
metering modes performed as Number of dots: 2,359,296
PLUS MINUS
expected. At 25 percent of screen LCD screen: 3.0-inch, 921,600-dot wide Tiny built-in
Magnesium alloy
size, the camera reproduced noise- type TFT
body flash
free images up to ISO 6400, while Touch panel: Yes 5-axis in-body Image Controls are
the images were perfectly usable Adjustable angle: Up by approx. 90 de- Stabilisation small
up to ISO 25,600. Enlarged to 50 grees, Down by approx. 45 degrees Improved menu Only one top
percent, the images were noise-free Shutter type: Electronically-controlled, Brilliant 4K videos command dial
up to ISO 1600 and were usable vertical-traverse, focal-plane type Better AF Card access
up to ISO 12,800. Viewed at 100 Shutter speed: 30 to 1/4000 to 30 sec, performance lamp position
percent, the images were absolutely Bulb Good noise control
free of noise up to ISO 800, while Flash sync. speed: 1/160 sec.
remaining usable up to ISO 1600. Electronic front curtain shutter: Yes
Silent shooting: Yes VERDICT
With the 24-70mm lens, the camera Image stabilisation: Sensor-Shift with The Sony Alpha 6500 competes with
produced excellent sharpness at 5-axis compensation (Depends on lens) the best in APS-C D-SLRS, and here the
most apertures. 4K videos were Built-in flash guide no.: 6m at ISO 100 camera does a wonderful job. The camera
smooth and punchy. Max. continuous speed: 11fps has a new menu in place, which results in
Power: One rechargeable battery pack improved usability. Being a lightweight
Smart Photography

Value for Money NP-FW50 and less bulky mirrorless body can shift
The Sony Alpha 6500 body retails Weight approx. : 453 g (with battery and the balance in its favour. The 5-axis
at an MRP of Rs.1,19,990. We would memory card) in-body image stabilisation is another
May 2017

consider this competitive pricing for Dimensions (W x H x D): Approx. 120.0 x feature that can improve the prospects
this camera. |SP 66.9 x 53.3 mm for this camera. Certainly a Best Buy!

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Inside the Box


Lens
Lens cap E-52 II
Lens hood ET-54B
Lens pouch or case LP816

I
f you are a frequent air traveller,
you will understand the hassles
of carrying a heavy and bulky kit
on board. Mirrorless compacts offer a
perfect solution to this problem, if you
can compromise a little on resolution
and low-light performance. For an
amateur photographer, the first piece
of lens will be the standard kit lens,
mostly an 18-55mm in case of APS-C
cameras. A cost-effective telephoto Canon EF-M
option would be a 55-200mm. Canon
55-200mm
recently introduced the EF-M 55-
200mm f/4.5-6.3 IS STM, a perfect f/4.5-6.3 IS STM ` 24,995 Sujith Gopinath
companion for your travel kit.

Design and Build Quality


The EF-M 55-200mm lens is compact
and lightweight, similar to other lenses
in the series. The lens has a plastic
mount. Although a metal mount is not
Travel Mate
necessary for such a light lens, it is still stop advantage along with a stepper Ergonomics
desirable to minimise wear likely to motor (STM) that makes focussing The 55-200mm lens is quite
happen with repeated mounting and fast, smooth and quiet. STM lenses comfortable to carry and operate. It
dismounting. The lens has markings are specially designed to suppress balanced well with the EOS M5 body
at 55, 70, 100, 135 and 200mm focal autofocus noise so that it does not get that Canon provided for the test. The
lengths. It has a broad zoom ring and recorded in videos. textured zoom and focus rings are
a narrow focus ring. The 55-250mm made of plastic, but they provide good
protrudes during zooming, but not The lens is constructed with 17 grip. Both the rings have the right
while focussing. elements in 11 groups including one amount of damping, making them easy
aspheric and one UD lens element. to use.
Key Features The special elements helps to reduce
The new EF-M55-200mm f/4.5-6.3 IS chromatic aberration. The 55-200mm Performance
STM lens completes the EOS M lens offers full-time manual focus in AF+MF We tested the lens on a Canon EOS M5
line-up as the longest telephoto zoom, mode and focusses as close as 1 metre. body. The body was set up to correct
and is able to take photos of faraway The lens has a 7-bladed circular Peripheral Illumination, Chromatic
subjects while still maintaining the aperture. Aperture ranges from f/4.5 Aberration and Diffraction since these
identity of the EF-M range by being to 22 at 55mm and f/6.3 to 32 at features are available on all the latest
compact and portable. 200mm. M-series camera bodies and we expect
Smart Photography

people to make use of these. Autofocus


The EF-M 55200mm provides an The lens accepts filters of 52mm was fast and precise and the system
equivalent focal length of 88 to 320mm. diameter. It has dimensions of 60.9 x latched on to the subject even in low
May 2017

The lens provides optical image 86.5mm (max. diameter x length) and light. We did not observe any darkening
stabilisation believed to provide a 3.5- weighs approximately 260g. of corners in the lens even at the wide-

114 www.smartphotography.in
Mahesh Reddy Aperture: f/9
Shutter Speed: 1/400sec
ISO: 400

angle end at any aperture. The lens from f/5.6 to 16. f/8 was the sweet Value for Money
produced pincushion distortion from spot. As usual, corner sharpness was The 55-200mm STM lens retails at an
100mm (160mm equivalent) onwards. best at f/16. At 200mm, sweet spot MRP of Rs.24,995. This seems to be
The 55-200mm lens produced mild shifted to f/16 even when you consider quite competitive for this lens. |SP
flare and ghosting at f/4.5 along with corner sharpness.
prominent purple fringing. Purple
fringing decreased on stopping down FINAL SCORE
the lens and vanished around f/8, but
flare and ghosting persisted. Design and Build Quality16/20

The lens produced sharp images out of


the box. At 55mm, images were sharp
at all apertures except at f/22, which
is quite predictable. However, corner
Key Features

Ergonomics
16/20

18/20
82%
sharpness was best at f/16, followed
by f/22. At 100mm, images were sharp
PLUS MINUS
Compact and Sharpness
KEY SPECIFICATIONS Performance lightweight could have been
Autofocus 4/5 Easy to use better
Focal length & maximum aperture: 55- Fast autofocus
200mm f/4.5-6.3 Sharpness 3.5/5
Good optical
Lens construction: 17 elements in 11 Distortion control 4/5 performance
groups
Aberrations 4/5
Diagonal angle of view: 2750-750
Focus adjustment: AF with full-time Darkening VERDICT
manual of corners 4.5/5
The Canon EF-M 55-200mm performed
Closest focusing distance: 1.0m Extra features 5/5 well, even though the lens is an
Smart Photography

Minimum aperture: 32
amateur model. This compact and
No. of diaphragm blades: 7 Sub-Total 25/30
lightweight lens will surely be a great
Filter size: /52mm diameter
Value for Money 7/10 addition to your kit if you are not
Max. diameter x length: 60.9 x 86.5mm
May 2017

Weight: Approx. 260g looking for a high-end prime or a fixed


aperture zoom.

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Inside the Box


Lens
Lens pouch
Front & rear lens caps
Lens hood

T
he Micro Four Thirds system
is now very comprehensive.
Between Olympus and
Panasonic, there are over 50 lenses
to choose from. Additionally, Sigma,
Samsung and Zeiss also make lenses
with the MFT mount. Panasonic has
collaborated with Leica for its high end
lenses and the 45mm f2.8 Macro on our
test bench this month is one of them.

Design & Build Quality


The 45mm f2.8 is a Leica designed
macro. The lens is less than 2 inches Panasonic Lumix
long and has a diameter of 2.48 inch. In
other words, it is rather compact. Build
45mm F2.8 Leica DG
Macro Elmarit
` 54,000
quality is good. The lens mount is made
from metal. However, the lens is not
weather resistant. At 225 gms, the lens
ASPH Mega OIS H. S. Billimoria

Macro Wonder!
is also on the lighter side.

Key Features
The lens consists of 14 elements in
10 groups. One aspherial element and
one ED element is included. Apertures
range from f2.8 to f22. Focussing The focus ring is large and
distance ranges from 0.5 feet to infinity rotates very smoothly.
and image magnification is 1:1. The
lens will accept a filter size of 46mm. Performance
Panasonics Mega Optical Image On our test bench, the Lumix
Stabilization system is provided in the 45mm f/2.8 macro produced
lens. A square shaped hood is provided sharp
along with a pouch for the lens. results. The lens is sharpest
between f4 and f8. The lens
Ergonomics produced negligible distortion.
There are four positive features here: Corner darkening, though not
pronounced, was visible up to
The lens does not rotate when f/5.6. Panasonic bodies have
focusing. integrated software that correct
aberrations and hence aberrations
The focus limiter switch helps to were barely visible. To avoid
fasten focussing. flare, we recommend regular
Smart Photography

usage of the excellent lens hood.


Focus by wire manual focus is useful Finally, for close-up shooting, the
for a lens that would largely be used in lens produced pleasing bokeh
May 2017

manual focus mode. It results in very (background blur). Overall, a very


precise manual focus. competent performer.

116 www.smartphotography.in
Mahesh Reddy Aperture: f/8
Shutter Speed: 0.5sec
ISO: 200

Value For Money Design and Build Quality17/20


The Panasonic Lumix 45mm f/2.8
LEICA DG Macro Elmarit ASPH FINAL SCORE
MEGA OIS is available in the USA at
Key Features 16/20
an equivalent price of Rs.54,000. We
were not able to get an Indian price.
Ergonomics 18/20

81%
At the US price, we feel that the lens
is a tad expensive. |SP

KEY SPECIFICATIONS Performance


Autofocus 4/5
Lens type: Macro
Sharpness 4/5
Designed for: Micro Four Thirds
PLUS MINUS
Focal length: 45mm Distortion control 5/5 Very good optics Lens hood cannot
Aperture range: F/2.8-22
Aberrations 4/5 Compact be reversed for
Elements/groups: 14 elements in 10
groups Darkening 1:1 macro storage
of corners 4/5 Handles well Expensive
Min. focus distance: 6-inches
Max magnification ratio: 1:1 Extra features 3/5
Smart Photography

Diaphragm blades: 7
Image stabilisation: Yes Sub-Total 23/30
VERDICT
Micro Four Thirds users now have a
Filter thread: 46mm
Value for Money 6/10 very appealing option in the form of
Dimensions: Approx. 2.48 x 2.46
May 2017

Weight: 225 g the Lumix 45mm f/2.8 Leica DG Macro.


Highly recommended.

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Inside the Box
Lens
Lens hood
Front and back caps
Lens case
Warranty card
Data sheet

S
igma has been steadily taking
on the giants in imaging with
its latest series of Art, Sport and
Contemporary-labelled lenses. The
Art lenses in itself has established as
the signature of quality in optics, build
quality and mechanical precision. The
Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art lens is
its answer to competitors in the heavily
contested fast portrait lens sphere.

Design and Build Quality


The 85mm Art lens is constructed
sturdily with a dust and splash-proof
design. The outer shell is made of metal
and oozes quality, similar to other Art
series lenses. At over a kilogram, the Sigma 85mm f/1.4
lens is not light at all, and being a fast
lens, it is quite bulky. The lens mount
DG HSM | Art ` 1,04,000 Sujith Gopinath
has a rubber sealing to keep dust

An Artist at Work
and water off the mount. The mount
is constructed with brass. Sigma has
supplied a sturdy petal shaped lens
hood with the lens. The lens has one
AF/MF switch and a focus distance
window with a depth of field scale.
which results in fast autofocus. focus ring is broad and has a textured
Key Features rubber lining for better grip. The ring
The Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art is The lens offers full-time manual focus is perfectly dampednot too loose,
a professional quality portrait lens and override even during continuous AF not too tight. The focus switch is easily
provides a very high resolving power to mode. The 85mm lens is compatible operable. The focus distance in metres
match the ultra high resolution cameras with Sigmas MC-11 mount converter, is legibly marked in white, while the
currently in market. On designing this allowing the SA/EOS mount lenses to feet markings are in grey, making it a
portrait lens, Sigma has taken pains be used with a Sony E-mount camera little hard to read in low light. The front
to keep chromatic aberration to the body. It is also compatible with Sigma element does not rotate.
minimum and producing pleasing USB Dock, making it easier to upgrade
bokehs. The lens incorporates 14 the lens firmware and fine-tune focus. Performance
elements in 12 groups including two The Sigma 85mm f/1.4 Art lens
SLD (Special Low Dispersion) and one The 85mm Art lens uses a nine-blade performed very well on a Canon 5DS R
aspherical element with a high rate of rounded diaphragm that creates an body. Autofocus was fast and silent. The
anomalous partial dispersion and a attractive blur in the out-of-focus lens controlled darkening of corners
high refractive index. With this, Sigma areas of the image. Aperture ranges extremely well. We observed some
believes that the lens can deliver clear from f/1.4 to 16. It accepts 85mm darkening at the widest aperture, but it
image throughout the plane. The lens filters. The lens weighs 1,130g and has vanished completely from f/2 onwards.
Smart Photography

features a newly designed Hyper Sonic dimensions of 94.7mm () 126.2mm. We would consider this excellent
Motor (HSM) and electromagnetic control of darkening. The lens did not
aperture control in case of Nikon Ergonomics produce any distortion.
May 2017

mount lenses. The new HSM offers 1.3 As mentioned before, the lens is
times the torque than its predecessor, quite heavy and bulky. However, the The 85mm lens produced excellent

118 www.smartphotography.in
Mahesh Reddy

Aperture: f/2.8
Shutter Speed: 1/1000sec
ISO: 400

sharpness and f/1.8 to 11 delivered down, but continued till the very end. Value for Money
the best results. Even f/16 could be Chromatic aberration was confined to The 85mm f/1.4 Art lens in Canon
used in a crunch, while f/1.4 was too the widest couple of apertures. Do note, mount retails at an MRP of Rs.1,04,000.
soft to be of any practical use. Sweet however, that we test lenses in extreme This is good value for money for this
spot was found to be f/4. We were conditions and you may not push these fast portrait lens. |SP
impressed by the corner sharpness equipment to such extremes in most
of the lens. Surprisingly, we did not practical situations.
observe much sharpness falloff towards FINAL SCORE
the peripheries. We would consider this
Design and Build Quality19/20

84%
extremely good. Bokehs were pleasing,
rounded and smooth.

Sigma takes pride in the flare and


Key Features 18/20
chromatic aberration control. However,
the lens disappointed in strong against-
Ergonomics 16/20
the-light shots. We observed heavy flare
and ghosting at the widest aperture. It PLUS MINUS
decreased when aperture was stopped Superior build Heavy and
quality bulky
Performance Weather-sealed Excessive Flare
KEY SPECIFICATIONS Autofocus 4.5/5 Excellent edge-to- and ghosting
edge sharpness
Lens construction: 14 elements in 12 Sharpness 4.5/5
Pleasing bokeh
groups Distortion control 4/5
Minimum aperture: f/16
Aberrations 2/5
Filter size: 86mm
Darkening
VERDICT
Angle of view (35mm equivalent): 28.6 The Sigma 85mm f/1.4 DG HSM Art
Minimum focusing distance: 85cm of corners 4/5
lens is one of the best portrait lenses
Dimensions (diameter length): Extra features 3/5 we have tested in recent times. This
Smart Photography

94.7mm 126.2mm
is one category of lenses where
Number of diaphragm blades: 9 (Round- Sub-Total 22/30
competition has been intense. If you
ed diaphragm)
Value for Money 9/10 are looking for a portrait specialist
Maximum magnification ratio: 1:8.5
May 2017

prime, this Sigma should certainly be


Weight: 1,130g
on your list. Best Buy indeed.

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Inside the Box


95mm snap-on front lens
cap
Rear lens cap
Metal lens hood
User manual, warranty
card (for three years)
Signed inspection card
Box with custom cut foam
insert.

T
his lens from Zeiss, is the widest
in their current range. While a
lens with the same focal length
was offered by Zeiss earlier, this is a new
iteration introduced as a part of the new
Milvus range. As with all Zeiss D-SLR,
Zeiss 15mm f/2.8
` 1,99,950
this is a manual focus only lens but
with electronic contacts. This particular Milvus Lens Ashok Kandimalla
model is available in Canon and

A superlative ultra
Nikon mounts. Zeiss is one of the few
manufacturers who deliver their lenses
with a signed inspection card, indicating
that the lenses have been inspected

wide angle lens!


individually.

Design and Build


The Zeiss 15mm f/2.8 lens is built like
a main battle tank. The Milvus series
of lenses take their external design
cues from the famed Otus range. The lens is packaged in a beautiful white combination was a tad front heavy but
The construction is all metal but the coloured box with a custom cut foam not unbearably so. Due to its internal
machined focussing and aperture rings insert to hold the lens snugly and safely. focussing system the length of the lens
of the earlier design have been replaced does not change when you focus and
by rubber covered ones. The exterior Key Features so the balance does not shift either.
is finished beautifully in satin black. The Milvus 15mm lens is based on a The front element does not rotate, thus
The supplied metal lens hood is petal sophisticated design using no less than making it easy to use graduated and
shaped and is excellent strong, with five Anomalous Partial Dispersion glass polarizing filters. Both the focussing
good flocking. The shape of hood has elements and two aspherical elements. and aperture rings are covered by very
been designed to blend nicely with the It also uses the Zeiss highly regarded grippy soft rubber. The focussing ring
lens body contours making the lens T* multi-coating to reduce reflections. damping was just right. It is also so
plus hood combination look like a single All numbers and markings are engraved smooth that it simply glides making
piece. It is perhaps even a bit sexy to (not screen printed) in white color manual focussing a delight. The aperture
look at with curvy lines! While it is a which standout against the black overall ring (only present for the Nikon mount)
MF lens, the electronic contacts make it finish. However, both meters and feet engages at half stop intervals with
behave in all other respects like an AF on the distance scale are marked in the positive clicks and is marked from f/2.8
lens with focus confirmation. It retains same white color and this may lead to f/22. If you are using this lens for cine
full compatibility with all exposure to confusion. There is a blue colored work, the click stop feature can also be
modes and meter patterns. The lens rubber gasket around the lens mount to disengaged by a simple turn of a screw
is large and flares out enormously in prevent dust and moisture from seeping and re-engaged just as easily.
the front resulting in a huge filter size - in.
Smart Photography

95mm! While not mentioned anywhere, Performance


the previous 15mm lens from Zeiss Ergonomics The optical performance is par
was based on the legendary Distagon The lens supplied to us came with excellence. Chromatic aberration is so
May 2017

design and we have reason to believe a Nikon mount and we tested it on less that it can be ignored. There is very
that this lens too is of the same lineage. a Nikon D750 body. The lens/body less barrel distortion, an achievement

120 www.smartphotography.in
FINAL SCORE

91%
Design and Build Quality20/20

Key Features 18/20

Ergonomics 18/20

Performance
Sharpness 6/6
Aperture: f/5 Distortion control 6/6
Shutter Speed: 1/80sec Aberrations 6/6
ISO: 2800
Ashok Kandimalla Darkening
of corners 6/6
considering the nature of this lens. Plus, plus a cleaning kit (together they have Extra features 4/6
it was corrected fully and automatically an MRP close to Rs.30,000/-).
in Lightroom once the lens profile was Sub-Total 28/30
activated. The images showed excellent So, is it worth it? This is not a walk in
contrast with vibrant and saturated the park casual photography lens. The Value for Money 7/10
colors. Being an ultra wide-angle lens huge angle of view (AOV) 110 makes
there was vignetting, about 1.5 stops it a bit tricky to use. It will take some
fully open. Most of this can be corrected time to master this lens, if you are
in Lightroom automatically and in any not already familiar with the usage of
case, it was gone when the aperture was ultra-wides. However, once you have PLUS MINUS
closed to f/5.6. Flare control was superb understood its idiosyncrasies, you can Extremely sharp Expensive
with and without the light source in the compose with the foreground objects Highest optical quality No AF
frame. Once again this is remarkable very close and this gives a dramatic, you can get in this focal or image
length stabilization
considering the extreme wide angle the exaggerated perspective that has no
lens covers. equal. Photography like this, plus critical
Almost negligible Large and
aberrations or heavy
architectural / landscape work needs
distortion
Sharpness was overall superb. The some contemplation and if you are Outstanding build
center sharpness was excellent even willing to engage in that, you can be quality and finish
wide open and was beyond reproach by assured of some fantastic images. |SP Silky smooth focussing
the time you get to f/4. Edge sharpness Aperture ring click
improves till about f/5.6 at which point KEY SPECIFICATIONS stops very positive
the sharpness is excellent from corner Focal length & coverage: 15mm, full frame
to corner. This aperture, can be called as Aperture range: f/2.8 to f/22 (with stop
the sweet spot of the lens. intervals) VERDICT
Lens construction: 15 elements in 12 While people may take fancy to the AOV of
Value For Money groups 110, it also comes with its own unusual
This lens is priced at a whopping Picture angle: 110 with full frame format characteristics. Not understanding those
Rs.1,99,950/- (MRP). Thats a high Highest magnification: 1:9.4 (Approxi- can quickly result in frustration. Still, if you
figure but this is to be expected as this is mately) are willing to set aside sometime to climb
not a run of the mill lens. Designing and Focussing range: 25cm the learning curve you can get results that
manufacturing a lens with a focal length Filter/attachment size: 95mm will be the envy of others. The extreme
Smart Photography

of 15mm covering a full fame is not an Lens hood: Supplied, petal shaped, all focal length plus its cost may curtail its
easy task. That coupled with superlative metal construction popularity. However, this is perhaps the
optical performance makes it good value Diameter x length: Approximately: diam- best lens in its class. The high price is due
May 2017

for money. Zeiss also told us that they eter 102mm, length 114mm to the advanced technology used in this
are bundling a 95mm Zeiss UV filter and Weight: Approximately 880gms lens and its superior performance.

www.smartphotography.in 121
ON E
P H
ART VIEW
SM RE

W
hen majority of smartphone
manufacturers were
prioritising the rear camera
over front, companies like Oppo focused Inside the Box
on selfies. The bet worked in favour of Oppo F3 Plus smartphone
the Chinese smartphone maker when USB Data Cable
they introduced the F1 series devices. VOOC Power Adapter
Now pushing the selfie strategy further Ear phones
is Oppos latest - F3 Plus.

Design and Build Quality


The F3 Plus is a device that can be
classified as a phablet. It has got a 6-inch
display on the front but Oppos smartly
designed F3 Plus makes it easier to hold
the device and use. Admittedly, using the
phone with one hand is still a task but if
you prefer a scaled down screen, theres
Oppo F3 Plus ` 30,990 Kunal Gangar
a gesture that enables you to use it with

Another Selfie Expert


one hand. The rounded edges, 7.35mm
thickness gives the phone a good grip.
But theres no denying that the phone is
big but Oppo has tried to alleviate some
of the issues using a large device.
fingerprint. The phone can store up to from the rear facing camera and were
F3 Plus elegant design features a glass five fingerprints and allows to unlock the happy to report that the F3 Plus has a
protected front whereas the back dons a phone, lock a particular app and more. good sensor at the back as well. It can
soft gold finish. We really like the clean shoot in up to 16 megapixel, features
design that is complemented with the The software however, is F3 Plus f/1.7 aperture, resulting in some
six antenna lines at the back that helps bane. The heavily skinned F3 Plus amazing pictures with good colour
to improve reception. runs on ColorOS 3.0 based on Android and contrast. Dual PDAF enables faster
6 Marshmallow. We dont mind a autofocus and there are different photo
Overall, we quite liked the phones forked Android that brings its own shooting modes like double exposure,
design and build quality. features and customisations but its a super GIF and expert that allows more
bit disappointing to see that Oppo has control while taking a picture. On the
Key Features not shipped the phone with Android 7 video front, it can record videos to up to
Oppo F3 Plus features a 6-inch IPS Nougat considering the OS offers some 4K resolution.
TFT display supporting a Full HD improved features. Moreover, were not
(1920x1080) resolution and is sure when Oppo plans to release the The F3 Plus has a 4000mAh battery and
protected by Corning Gorilla Glass. latest software update for its flagship when in need of a quick recharge, VOOC
Under the hood, the phones powered phone or directly jump to Android O Flash Charge comes to the rescue.
by Qualcomms Snapdragon 653 octa- when Google releases it later this year.
core processor and 4GB RAM. Now we Ergonomics
know that the phones innards are not Oppo and Vivo are the only two players The UI feels snappy with apps and
as powerful as another similarly priced currently that have dual front facing games working without any issues or
device (OnePlus 3T!) but Oppo F3 Plus cameras. While Vivos implementation lags. The fingerprint sensor placed
is a decent performer. Theres 64GB gives you a selfie with bokeh effect just beneath the display is fast and
onboard storage and can be expanded that can tweaked in real time, Oppos accurate. The camera app is easy to
further through a microSD card (up to approach to dual selfie cameras is use and takes just a tap to switch
Smart Photography

256GB). different. Instead, the F3 Plus comes with between the selfie camera and group
a 16 megapixel f/2.0 for regular selfies selfie camera. The phone has facial
Oppo claims the sensor is equipped and an 8 megapixel 120-degree wide recognition and if it detects three or
May 2017

with a hydrophobic membrane that angle lens for group selfies. However, faces in a frame, it will ask to switch to
allows the phone to detect even a moist majority of consumers still shoot a lot the group selfie lens.

122 www.smartphotography.in
Aperture: f/1.7
Shutter Speed: 1/33sec
ISO: 260

The main front facing camera improves


on the selfie front considering it packs in
more pixels and features f/2.0 aperture,
enabling better low-light pictures. Theres
no moonlight flash but F3 Plus makes use
of the display as flash to take low-light
selfies and it works like a charm.

Value for Money


The F3 Plus retails at Rs.30,990. With
capable and competitors in the market,
Oppo might find it tough to justify this
price. |SP

FINAL SCORE

77%
Design and Build Quality17/20
Mahesh Reddy

Key Features 16/20

Ergonomics 14/20
Performance thereafter. We also found the skin tone
The display quality is decent with good to be washed out sometimes due to
viewing angle with vivid colours, which Beautify feature trying to soften the skin Performance 17/20
can can be a hit or miss depending on colour to reduce blemishes.
your preference. Importantly, theres no
setting to tweak the colour temperature. Value for Money 13/20
Theres an option for turning on/ KEY SPECIFICATIONS
off Night Mode that allows the blue
Operating System:ColorOS 3.0, based on
light filter to be customised at varying
Android 6.0
degree.
GPU: Adreno 510
RAM: 4GB
PLUS MINUS
Battery life is good and with a good Excellent selfie option Android
Battery: Typical Capacity: 4000 mAh (Non-
amount of camera use, internet and VOOC charging Marshmallow
removable)
videos, we found it good enough to Great battery life Price
Processor: Qualcomm MSM8976 Pro
last for more than a day. Charging with Good low-light
Octa-core
VOOC is extremely fast and at par with performance
Display: 6.0 inches IPS TFT
what OnePlus offers with Dash Charge.
Resolution: Full HD (1920 by 1080 pixels)
A five minute charge is enough for two
hours of talk time. Colors: 16 million colours
Touchscreen: Multi-touch, Capacitive
VERDICT
Pricing it near OnePlus 3T certainly
Screen, Gorilla Glass 5
Pictures shot with the wide-angle draws some hardware comparisons but
Camera rear sensor: 16-megapixel
camera are detailed in good lighting Oppo has never been about giving you
Flash: Dual Tone LED Flash
conditions but youll see some noise a super fast smartphone. In fact, their
Aperture: Rear: f/1.7; Front: f/2.0
when shot indoors or in less than segmentation with F-series phones is
SIM card type: Dual Nano-SIM Cards/Nano-
adequate lighting conditions. In our clear from the start. If youre looking for
Smart Photography

SIM + microSD Card


studio-based testing, we found the something that youll use to take a lot of
Bluetooth: 4.1
images usable at all ISOs at 25 percent selfies and group selfies coupled with
Wi-Fi: 2.4/5GHz 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac
of screen size. At 50 percent, the images decent overall performance, back camera
Dimensions: 163.63 x 80.8 x 7.35 mm
May 2017

were spot-free up to ISO 200. Aggressive and excellent battery life, F3 Plus gives no
Weight: Approx. 185g
noise reduction spoiled the party reason to complain.

www.smartphotography.in 123
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