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THE MESSAGE
Editor: Hujjat-ul-Islam Wal Muslimeen Sheikh Shabbir H. Lakhani (Maisami)
Editorial Board: Mr. Mazher Ali Jumani, Molana Sajjad Qaimi, Dr. Hussain Kanani,
Mr. Hasnain Nanjiani, Dr. Sana Muhammad Sadiq.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1 Food for Thought: - Sayings of Imam Ali (A.S.) 02
2 From The Editor’s Desk 03
3 Your Daily-Life Questions Answered 05
4 Today, The World Needs The Holy Quran 06
5 Fasting - A Body/Mind/Spirit Healing 14
6 The Government of Imam Ali (A.S.) 24
7 The Demise of the Truth 29
8 Importance of Lailatul-Qadr 45
9 I’tikaf, The Spiritual Retreat 47
10 Stay hydrated during Ramadan 54
11 Commandments or Prohibitions in Islam 55

Kids’ Corner
12 What plans do you have for this Ramadan? 61
13 My First Fast 62
14 Kindness of Imam Hasan Mujtaba (A.S.) 64

Published by

Zahra (S.A.) Academy
Institute of Islamic Education, Development & Relief

1

Try to the best of your seeking forgiveness. Lord by pleasing any of His 2. your ability not to displease your sins are wiped away. for verily Allah tions sustenance. nize right from wrong). He (Allah Almighty) appor. ca. and He dis.  2 . ing them. seeks for the lights of pleasure: persistence in intelligence to be enlight- seeking forgiveness. reason. and by means of 5. and He is Just 6. ant for another but the tributes them to those in servant has recourse to no need as well as to those other substitute for Allah. ened with". who prosper.S. and fre. Three things enable a 7. creatures. be it in his favour lamities are warded off or not. It is incumbent upon you to 4.) 1.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH FOOD FOR THOUGHT Sayings of Imam Ali (A. affabil. quent giving of charity. self or write it down in a ance expressed by both rich book and work at eradicat- and poor. with His servant is the satis- cate excessively in the faction found in the servant month of Ramadan. (and will recog- ity towards people. By himself with all that Allah means of supplication. The sign of Allah's pleasure seek forgiveness and suppli. can easily substitute a serv- ly and sparingly. He must gather He may test therewith the this information within him- gratefulness and persever. decrees. The rational man must in His allotment in order calculate his soul's misdeeds that he may test whomever against religion. eth- He wishes with prosperity ical virtues and good moral or with hardship. from you. abundant. 3. and that conduct. He who consults with the servant to attain Allah's wise.

until dawn. It is. and abstain from all quickly after Iftar. to understand the by the evening. the trepidation is normal. that the fasting time finishes some say.” evening time. drink broadcast unethical programs or smoke. a whole month of Brothers and Sisters. which invalidate conveys a message that fast. which means “breakfast. that brings down the values of The Ramadan fast is not easy. The holy month of Ramadan Sympathy for them – and their has started with its long hours parents – is necessary. after all. Ramadan has a message for For whom this is their first the common people. From dawn to dusk. all mercy. Since Islam is a total religion. This is true devotion to Allah (SWT). This the things. our fasting and praying. social Ramadan of fasting some 3 . when the next day’s fast begins. and. enough about the religion. going without food or water during daylight. the ever mercy. For hours. they dream Ramadan is from dawn to about a sip of water or a bite evening and we can do of bread. For others. Salam Alaikum. It is a way a time for us to try to be busy for Muslims to show their more in praying.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message From The Editor’s Desk In the name of Allah. This puts a but which is often a heavy negative impact on the dinner with family and friends. of fasting by hundreds of The holy month of Ramadan is millions of Muslims. but this does suffering of those who have not mean that we should no choice but to go without resort to things and actions food. there will be other challenges. religious belief of the young- Then come a few hours of sters who do not know freedom from deprivation. Muslims Some TV channels start to are not supposed to eat. Then comes the anything we want after the iftar.

of war against us. Then Hasan Mujtaba (A. Alhamdulillah. Shab-e-Qadr & Juma- its people and propagated as tul-Weda.).The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH leaders and politicians as well. some measure of gener- irritate people of Pakistan and osity would be a valuable gift. Wiladat Day of Imam the people living there. hadat of Amir-ul-Momineen which is breaking all the Hazrat Ali Ibne Abi Talib records of unhuman acts on (A. is sadly Islamic-American Summit was overburdened with people in turned into an anti-Iranian need of help. One of the main messages of Editor.) Academy has the to engage with Iran. We need to Long live Islam. Ramadan is compassion and understanding for the less Shabbir H. It is not surprising that the Some of the important events summit totally ignored Pales. instead honor. get ready for this. This will likely give. for those able to at the event. At this time. Turkey as both countries seek Zahra (S. to of confronting it. Sha- comes Bahrain government. whose benefits we continue to This is a clear announcement reap for the rest of our lives. Yemen and acts of worship in this being destroyed by Saudis. Unfortunately. a close friend of United May Allah accept all our duas Shaitan of America. Long live Pakistan. but a life-changing Ramadan.A).S. the only target were Shias. world. fortunate. of the holy month of Ramadan tine and Kashmir cause and are: Wesal of Umm-ul- the atrocities committed by Momineen Hazrat Khadija Zionist regime and India on (S.). Maisami (Lakhani)  4 .S. our The way the first Arab. and our region. blessed month and grant us all Syria already in shackles.A. provide services in this regard. our show was perhaps most compassion must be with visible in the speeches made them – and.

Ans. so he may fast. it is not dawn.: If he broke the inten- one fasting. even if he did fasting.: The penalty of emanci.: It is permissible. valid? Q.1: If one fasted and did Q. his fast Q.2: A person who inten. but should.: The fast is not nullified ing a fast during Ramadan by by this. be clarified does not do so until after that in our view. However. Q.: One can consider the that he cannot continue fasting as valid if he doubts the fast and poured some the validity now and there is a water to drink – but then probability that it might be changed his mind and valid.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message Your Daily-Life Questions Answered Q. not actually break it. Also. he should still during the month of refrain from the things that Ramadan by committing a break the fast for the rest of sin. It touching the corpse.5: If the person required pating a slave is waived when to perform the ghusl of it is no more possible. can he fast that obligatory to pay all three day? kinds of penalty for invalidat- Ans. is void and he has to make it tionally invalidates his fast up. however. are his fasts Ans. committing a sin.4: if somebody decided Ans. The intention of fasting decided to fast again.  5 . has he to pay all three that day. he does not kinds of penalty? have to pay kaffarah.3: Is it possible to not know the rules of swallow phlegm during fasting and omitted the the fast? intention. is is not difficult to accomplish his fast still valid or not? and it is correct from every- Ans. since he has the tion of fasting and decided to intention as long as he is break the fast.

a. I hope that He will bestow patience Welcome. were present here with us last In the Name of Allah. the year. at the individuals whose photos have annual Ramadan Quranic been set up here [the qura meeting. this blessed in the best way possible. Lord of the Worlds. circle of reciting and establish- ing a close relationship with The Holy Quran’s beauty does the Holy Quran has become not only lie in its concepts and wider on a daily basis thanks teachings. today we are suffering the Supreme Leader of the from the loss of these dear Islamic Revolution. Its words are 6 . The World Needs The Holy Quran By: Ayatollah Khamenei .) Hussainiyah.the Supreme Leader of the Islamic Revolution The following is the full text of to the Islamic Revolution and the speech delivered on June 7. com- happy today and I really pletes their half-finished hajj benefitted from your recita. Thankfully. and peace and greetings be upon our I hope that Allah the Exalted Master and Prophet. I think that all of them Khomeini (r. forgiveness in the shade of late. the Islamic Republic. the Merciful. Ab-al. The meeting was held who lost their lives in Mina on the first day of the holy during last year’s hajj cere- month of Ramadan in Imam mony]. course. the Holy Quran and with the hold. pure and chosen house. God willing. I became very upon their relatives. will help them reach high Qassem al-Mustafa Muham. especially the one intercession of the Holy remaining with Allah on earth. the Holy Quran and we encouraged and approved of All praise is due to Allah. Of 2016 by Ayatollah Khamenei. Quran. positions of mercy and mad and upon his immacu. the them. Some of them recited Beneficent. ceremony and approves of it tions.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH Today.

Sometimes. of Quranic teachings. Even when understand Quranic teach- there is no meter. The Holy up and who were not willing Quran’s goal was not to to understand. 7 . Who will poetic meter. otherwise there is meter in some it might be thousands of times Quranic ayahs as well. Quranic words.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message beautiful as well. bow down before it deeply in the face of the and say that it is good and miraculous beauty of such beautiful. but the more beautiful because we beauty of the Holy Quran’s are not capable of measuring words does not only lie in its beauty exactly. see. benefit display beautiful words so from and accept Quranic much so that orators. Holy Quran is like this. in our daily speech. gate of beauty to reach that method and style are a blessed and glorious garden miracle in their own right. the beauty ings? Those who contemplate of its words attracts us. pressed and astonished those Well. but we can say truths in. The Holy Its goal is that we use this Quran’s words. but it is as beautiful as Quranic words – I am saying the best poem and the best this figure as a common figure piece of prose. This was not the words. elo- concepts at the time they quent personalities and poets were sent down. Even such would acknowledge its individuals were moved beauty. rhythm. The beautiful words that im. It is on it. This is The Holy Quran is not a poem the goal. It was these that it steals one’s heart. Quranic concepts or a piece of prose. It is and teachings are a thousand neither a poem nor a piece of times more beautiful than prose. They could not resist only goal of the Holy Quran. this beauty should be whose hearts had been locked used as a tool. who open the gates of not correct to use the word their heart and who let these “mesmerize”.

enjoy your recitations. Some believers. and when it speaks to us. in this world that is full more important than the first of complications – because of one. scientific progress – when the Before the Revolution. if we entrust er your individual or your our hearts to spirituality and collective recitations. the existence of powers and there was nothing like this. I really times. joy that I take because of ing or who gives ear and witnessing the growth of earnestly witnesses the truth” Quranic personalities on a [The Holy Quran.” individuals understand more Well. and I to the Holy Quran. thousand years ago: “Verily in voices and performances this is a message for any that themselves and another is the has a heart and understand. wheth- In my opinion. if a person who is involved in then “Surely this Quran guides the affairs of life and for to that which is most upright” whom such affairs are im. we can really enjoyed the songs that understand the miracle of were performed. thirty years ago. 50: 37].The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH In every era and in every age. [The Holy Quran. In daily basis. gives good news to the stand its miracle. the second joy is world. it was Holy Quran enters the arena not at all the case that our 8 . Twenty. And this joy from the bottom of our understanding is more at hearts when you good reciters certain times and less at other recite the Holy Quran. they will under. 17: 9]. We portant establishes such a feel that it really “Guides to close relationship with the that which is most upright and Holy Quran. For this humble this complicated and stormy person. I take two Quranic teachings and the joys from such recitations: miracle of the Holy Quran one is the joy that I take better than those who lived a because of these recitations. we really take spiritual and some less.

but they recited I participated in them and I 9 . decadent music. of preserving bar songs and such and such the Holy Quran and of pursu. They you can: you should definitely should strengthen our rela- do so – should become a door tionship with the Holy Quran. such different issue. Of course. myself used to hold such mad Raf’at – were great meetings in those years. They should familiarize One of the tasks that is very us with the Holy Quran and good if it is carried out in the help up to establish a close country is that we should relationship with it. Sheikh Abdul-Fattah Quran from start to finish. this unfortunately some individuals existed in some ways. but course been better and it who sing it. it has of reciters of the Holy Quran. individuals do not have such considerations. some ing methods to recite it. it should be promoted. I Sha’shayi and even Muham. the beauties that you this in their recitation. we had likes of Sheikh Mustafa meetings to read the Holy Ismael. and rhythm and melody. Today. How- individuals. They did our teenagers take the path of not allow it to be mixed with the Holy Quran. musicians. Singing is a Quran. There are such exists in a better way. our middle-aged the Holy Quran with a Quranic individuals. One can see Well. previous generations – the Before the Revolution. These created – and you should beauties should help us get create as many beauties as close to the Holy Quran. Of course. The qura of ever. there are Before the Revolution. our children. I personalities who were was present in such meetings. that leads to Quranic teach- ings.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message youth. the present time. You have meetings with the should not mistake the Holy purpose of reciting the Holy Quran for singing. but among Egyptian qura who are after the Revolution. in meetings exist more or less.

The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH saw them up close. They When a qari reads them. Arabs’ language is the In our Constitution and in the same as the language of the laws that were passed in the Holy Quran. individuals who understand We should familiarize our- Quranic words – the meaning selves with the language of of Quranic words. however. First of all. When a qari beginning of the Revolution. five ings. everyone under- Holy Quran sits and reads the stands it and everyone listens. we ourselves read the Holy we should try to learn the Quran. them. The purpose of times. Individuals If we want to make a crude took turns reading the Holy comparison. This is a very we non-Arabs are unlucky good advantage if we gain it that our mother tongue is not in society. Of course. Arabic. the should come and listen to it. Some. three. the Holy Quran. all of them know what those meetings was to teach he is saying. There are some language of the Holy Quran. Arab audience understands This is very efficient. Quranic sentences are a more or less – and the thousand times wiser both in participants should only listen terms of quantity and quality. but a non-Arab audi- times. For example. this even exerts more ence might and might not influence than the time when understand them. this is like the Quran one by one and they sentences from Gulistan of used to learn it. the Holy Quran. to the Holy Quran. I am not stresses a sentence and when speaking about such meet. What I mean Saadi that all of us are by a meeting to recite the familiar with. Holy Quran is that meetings “Why should those whose should be organized in which record is clear be afraid of individuals show their pres- judgment?” When they read ence and the reciter of the this to us. he repeats it two. it 10 . Holy Quran for one hour – Now.

increase the rate of Quranic 12 minutes. fruit. This is the reason why such as elegies and celebra- you see that the rate of 11 . and listen to the qari when he So. And it should be one.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message has been stressed that we tions for the Imams (a. It is your duty to do so. Today. you should will promote Quranic teach- know that today.). they should recite it familiarize the people with the for as long as 45 minutes.). A faithless show our love of the Holy individual is like an empty Prophet’s (S) household (a. This is one of the things that And my dear ones. qura usually one of the tasks that will recite the Holy Quran for 10. es it or not. another is the Holy Quran Those who do not or cannot [referring to the Holy Proph- have this opportunity. one Holy Quran if it is carried out hour. ceremonies that we hold to ideology and faith. the world Such meetings are like the suffers from a void of identity. they can open the Holy leave among you two precious Quran in front of them and things: the Book of Allah the look at the translation if they All-Mighty and the Ahlul do not understand its meaning Bayt”]. This is meeting of ours. meetings for the er it accepts and acknowledg- sake of the Holy Quran only. in those growth in the country and will meetings. beautiful and artistic recitation.s. In this for the Holy Quran. the world ings in the country: Quranic needs the Holy Quran wheth- meetings. you should hold meetings recites the Holy Quran.s. things” is Ahlul Bayt and guage of the Holy Quran. However. should learn the Arabic One of “the two precious language which is the lan. very et’s (S) Thaqalayn hadith: “I well. and promoted by Allah’s favor two individuals who recite it in and if you men of the Holy a good voice and by adopting Quran show determination the methods that exist for and organize such meetings.

However. the There is dignity. We attracted to it. human- ity needs the Holy Quran. We ourselves ourselves need this very are experiencing and witness- much. and give it to a person. super- Quran are endless blessings. then hearts will be Quranic teachings first. that we convey Quranic ing. this is one of the reasons. the Quran can do so. This works like a strong medicine. Of course. atomic bombs. If only one proper language should be drop of the Holy Quran – not found. we should the entire Holy Quran. of faith and the Holy Quran on ing in western countries on a a daily basis. if you pour five drops certain things. This is one of the the language to share the reasons. but this is not instead of one. Zionist regime and the like progress. he hearts and souls of individu- takes it and it works. only satiate ourselves and our one drop of it – is sent to hearts and souls and we people with a proper lan- should fill ourselves with guage. they fabricate er. ing this today. the Holy able to digest it. material welfare. And powers. The blessings of the Holy Quran are not confined to the The Holy Quran can do things that I expressed with whatever it wants in today’s my incomplete explanations. powers. power. teachings. world. However. Today.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH murder and crime is increas. It can work and move The blessings of the Holy forward. The spiritual transcendence. important point is that we development of one’s mind should strengthen our bases 12 . Howev- als. So. When you Humanity no longer has any pour one drop of it in a glass food to satiate the minds. cannot do a damn thing. When you see that Holy Quran with others and the rate of suicide is increas. it might fail to accepted by the hearts of work and he might not be peoples. that we learn daily basis.

upon while he is weeping for thing is in God’s hands. This is tranquility and peace of mind the Holy Quran: an extraordi- in the Holy Quran: “Allah sent nary and infinite power that down His tranquility to His we should able to benefit Messenger and to the believ. that live and die in a Quranic they may add faith to their manner. I [The Holy Quran. vol. from within the scope of our ers. the sin that none is aware of Everything is God’s army. God willing. 48: 26]. hope that God will help you to When that religious tranquility stay with us.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message and one’s belief. 63] can know the forces of Your  Lord. close to the command of self. Faith in what? Faith in God  and in divine power. that you stand up for sent down tranquility into the the Holy Quran and that you hearts of the Believers. except He” [The Holy 13 . it says. and well were they will preserve you. There is number of His forces. joy and Quran.” This tranquility and Greetings be upon you and peace of mind increases our Allah’s mercy and blessings faith on a daily basis. hope that You are protected piety increases: “It is He Who by Him. p. 74: 31]. faith. 77. I hope that God restraint. and made them stick capacity. In any case. 48: 4]. God willing. And it Repentance says afterwards: “for to Allah The Holy Prophet (S) told ‘Ali- belong the forces of the ibn-Abi-Talib (‘a): "O' ‘Ali! heavens and the earth” [The Blessed is he who Allah looks Holy Quran. “And none [Bihar-ul-Anwar. I and religious peace appears. Every. I Hope that entitled to it and worthy of it” He will preserve you youth. No one other tranquility of one’s soul in and than Him can count the with the Holy Quran. except Allah." Elsewhere.

The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH Fasting . “The month of Ramadan in the tablets of the covenant which the Qur’an is revealed.” [97:1] 14 . [2:185] and I remained on the moun. Who are certain devil: “Then Jesus was led by that they are going to meet the Spirit into the desert to be their Lord and that unto Him tempted by the devil. element of the spiritual journey to God. We revealed it (the tain 40 days and 40 nights entire Qur’an) in the night of without eating bread or Measure. “Indeed.” after fasting 40 days and 40 (2:45-46) nights he was hungry…”[2] Numerous Prophetic traditions It also appears from chapter 5 interpreted the ‘Patience’ in of the Gospel of Luke that the the Ayah as ‘fasting. Prophet Moses holiest month of Ramadan.A Body/Mind/Spirit Healing By: Shaykh Mansour Leghaei Allah the Almighty says in the drinking water.’ which disciples would frequently fast means fasting is the very first and pray. the month of fasting. and 2. in the holiest night of the 1. Prophet of Islam prophets in their spiritual The entire Qur’an was re- journey have been seeking vealed to the Prophet of Islam assistance with fasting. “I had gone up the mountain to receive the stone tablets.”[1] “And seek (Allah’s) assistance with Patience and Prayer.” which He had made with you. Then the Lord Qur’an: gave me the two stone tablets. and they are going to return.. Prophet Jesus truly it is extremely heavy and In his spiritual journey was hard except for those with full aided by fasting against the submission. All the 3.

Germa- than the spirituality of fasting? ny’s great fasting therapist after more than 100. all revelations They believe the human body occurred during the fasting is designed to heal itself. chronic diseases fasting as the greatest remedy of the digestive system. An Egyptian without surgery… it is a cure pyramid inscription in 3800B.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message According to many Hadiths. There Jesus on the 12th of Rama.C involving exudation. be any reason more important Dr. if month of Ramadan. relaxation. 1) Physical Healing without doubt. including the Medicine.[3] medicine for the 21st century. loosening up and purified one-quarter of what they eat. Could it only given the opportunity. degenerative and painfully 15 . Psalms of David revealed journal articles available on to him on the 18th of Rama. therapeutic fasting on the dan and the Holy Qur’an in internet. the most It is quoted from the Prophet effective biological method of of Islam to have said: “Fast. are more than 500 medical dan. (Hippocrates. the dan). treatment… it is the operation you’ll be healthy”. 1996 issue considered fasting: dan.” on the three-quarters live He furthers therapeutically. In other words. Galen following: allergies. redirec- also reads: “Humans live on tion. their doctor!” fasting cures many of our The three fathers of Western modern illnesses. cardiovas- & Paracelsus) prescribed cular disease. the Night of Qadr (most The outstanding physicians probably 23rd of Rama- named fasting as being. Injil was revealed to the healing revolution.000 Benefits of Fasting fasting cures says: “Fasting is. and the physician within. Life the Torah was revealed to Magazine in its September Moses on the 6th of Rama. Otto Buchinger.

brought out of the cabinet Director of the California. and Fasting marvelously decom. anxiety & depression. where they were stashed. initial malfunction of fasting as a detoxification the kidneys. notes on the significance of coma. He or she when the body becomes may not even know about lighter. glau. in body. diseased.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH inflammatory illnesses of the based Orthomolecular Health joints. mind and Chances are slim that your soul. the soul is hungry. Preventively. to regenerate. you’re on the road to better poses and burns all the cells health. When by fasting you stop the damaged. weak- input of nutrition for a while. . Joel Fuhrman in Fasting your cells have been invaded and Eating for Health notes: by toxins and dangerous “Fasting has been repeatedly chemicals. . chemicals.D. one’s eating behavior. M. so goes your health. . and invisible toxins.. Clean ses. As Doctor Buchinger doctor will tell you that toxins would conclude: "When the may be the root cause of your body fasts. well-being. and the dirty dishes are Michael Rosenbaum. . the rugs are lifted digest or detoxification. tension and program: "The hidden cause migraine headaches. health problems. as well of many chronic pains. If Dr.”[4] and nourish your cells." your body ." and tissue that are aged. the soul also craves how these toxins are affecting relief. myriad disturbances in Medicine Medical Society. your resistance to observed to alleviate neuro- disease is diminished. 16 . As your cells go. ened or dead. a process called then a flurry of cleansing in medicine autolyze or self- starts up. rejuvenate and heavy metals and parasites restore a person’s sense of that invade our bodies . diseases and illnesses may be it’s designed to cleanse. as skin diseases.

In general. Starvation and its related prudence. not only needs to take regular U. A fasting person fasting compulsory?” should be patient and let this The Imam (a. the rule is that fasting is forbidden.7 million in 2000 exempt from fasting if it is which shows the growing going to either harm her or interest of the Congress. rather it is flu. headaches. if Healing Crises: the person is confident that Those fasting sometimes fasting will be physically experience side effects during harmful to them. Alternative Medicine. a diabetic who diseases cause one person 17 . shall find the pain of hunger which exempt people from so they have a mercy upon fasting as mentioned in detail the poor.s) wrote in period pass. malaise. e. These reactions are people who wrong them- sometimes called in medicine selves. the National Institutes of hence should not fast.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message Cleansing begins in earnest. which are A man wrote a letter to Imam temporary and caused due to Askari (a. went up to $50 million in 1999 Similarly. a pregnant woman is and to $68. The side effects 2) Social Healing may vary from fatigue.g. This it is even considered sinful.” [10:44] healing crises.s) asking him: “For elimination and cleansing of what reason did Allah make toxins. the baby. vomiting “Indeed Allah does not wrong to the symptoms of cold and people in the least. reply: “God has made fasting I should however stress that compulsory so that the rich there are circumstances.S Congress approved $20 medication but their diet is million in 1998 for funding of very strict throughout the day.”[5] in the books of Islamic Juris. or else Health’s fledging office of not only his/her fasting is void. the first days.

when starvation causes one there were approximately one person per second to die. Nearly bai. the US 1998’: “Economic cost in the U.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH per second to die on this one-quarter of U. memberships to commercial many expect the death toll to weight-loss centres. Death Toll Americans spend $33 billion Cannot Be Determined By annually on weight-loss Howard A. million deaths.S adults dying in the streets of Mum- (20+) are overweight. stories involving deaths in Africa receive lesser According to Wolf & Colditz in coverage than those. Economic Cost of Obesity in let us read the following news. Yet little is And if you want to know being done in the U. Typically. ing in Ethiopia as thousands artificially sweetened prod- of starving people are ex.” whether you are among those According to the same news. which ‘Current estimates of the occur elsewhere. such as sodas and pected to die. Now compare the above news The biggest problem facing with the following: the world today is not people ‘More than half of U.’ And the figures are infants and children under the drastically increasing. This “A massive tragedy is unfold. 2001 issue reported: total of $99. it 18 . Nonetheless. over-weight people in a time magazine in the last famine. ucts. includes low calorie foods. This is age of 5.S. Without help. Help according to the same source Slowly Arriving. And Starvation In Ethiopia. Zimbabwe or Ethiopia.S adults are planet. Gutman products and services.S related to the Exodus newsmagazine in its overweight in 1995 was the July 22. here is your scale.2 billion. be in the millions. despite all weight-loss pro- grams in these countries. 75% of them being obese.

A fasting person can also keep Fasting is prevention from his or her money. for our body and soul. spiritual benefits of it. you that you may gain self- taged people whose rights restraint. fast against intoxicants and Haram foods over a year? 3) Spiritual Healing This is in spite of the fact that “O you who believe! Fasting is the first are my essential prescribed to you as it was needs and the latter are not. including entire medical. another social benefit of should I not be able. I am able to Reduction of crimes during fast against Halal food and the month of Ramadan is soft drink over a month. to fasting. away to feed are not only normally permis- a group of poor people with. This challenge against as they can to avoid the so. mentioned benefits of fasting.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message is rather the lack of a sense of prescribed to those before caring for those disadvan. healing. sible but also even quite Thus. drink which are the main Nonetheless. some fasters nutritional sources for our sleep during the day as much body. 19 . permissible and normally called pains of fasting. Zakat al-Fitrah is essential in our lives.” (2:183) have been usurped by others. and useful inputs is to give us the upon sunset enjoy a feast strength to avoid taking things greedily and hence lose the that are harmful. usually certain things most of which spent on lunch. By compulsory and is regarded fasting we avoid food and as the compilation of fasting. Despite all the above- Fasting provides the oppor. In other words. social and toxins. by far. tunity for the faster to feel we believe the main benefits and find for himself or herself of religious fasting are its the pain and agony that a spiritual rejuvenation and poor person is going through.

once it is is the heart and the reality of offered for the sake of God. close your physical mouth to open Religious fasting may be your spiritual mouth. People at this level fast solely Fasting. When many others that unless one we fast from food we are fasts cannot really realize expected to also fast from all them. sexual intercourse Fasting is prevention and etc. certainly not a religious ascends one from the king. A Natural Diet tion. You therefore. To give you an idea of how low the Fasting has many other level of this stage is. You fast observed in three different your body to let your spirit levels: feast with mysterious morsels. share some examples with 20 . Although this is the prevention is separation and lowest and the least level of detachment and detachment religious fasting. if made with the for medical purposes. fasting. dom of animals to the realm Religious Fasting of angels. This is intention of closeness to God. let me benefits such as punctuality. harmful and forbidden actions Degrees of Fasting and intentions.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH A religious fasting is not just a patience. 1. the faster is religiously Other benefits of Fasting considered fasting. Servitude drinking. they must jurisprudentially Fasting is the Heart of refrain from such as eating. contentment and physical diet program. servitude to God. Fasting of Al-Shari’ah When you fast. I may call this process a spiritual detoxifica. you empty (Jurisprudential Fasting) your stomach from the bread Fasting for many Muslims is to fill it up with Unique mainly to refrain from what Glorious Pearls.

the fasting of Al-Tariqat. to be awake to enter the higher level of at a time when the divine fasting. it is quoted from the to my body and soul? Once he Prophet of Islam (S) that: or she successfully finishes a “Many people gain nothing month of Shari’ah fasting by from their fasting save hunger refraining from soft drinks and and thirst. A used to offering his/her Muslim may observe fasting morning prayers on time. A Muslim girl may fast The least he is expected. the purpose of and drinking which are fasting is not just to avoid essential nutrition for his or food and drink and hence this her body? Could it be that by is the very lowest level of refraining from consuming the fasting for the very beginners essentials I learn to more to start their journey towards easily refrain from unneces- perfection and promotion. sary and even harmful inputs Thus. they will be ready breeze at dawn.”[6] Halal food and even finds him/herself healthier than The Shari’ah fasting is pre- before. in order for them to Once the faster is aware of experience the pleasant such facts.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message you. is told to refrain from eating No doubt. which I have called cups of spirituality are served. and yet listens to rock and roll A faster at this level is ex- and his/her fasting is jurispru- pected to think why he or she dentially valid. feel hungry and thirsty during the day. without practicing her Islamic therefore. 21 . to gain by the end dress code at school and her of Ramadan is to have gotten fasting is valid on this level. the faster should find scribed for beginners as a it easier by far to avoid form of training to help them intoxicants or Haram foods become acquainted to waking which are even harmful for his up at dawn with the excuse of or her body and does not eating and drinking lest they really require.

your skin This is the highest level of and all your body fast too.at this It is quoted from Prophet degree believe you are what Jesus to have said: “Renew you think and hence they fast yourselves and fast. Paradise. fasting and you swear at your but for them it is more Haram maid. except you fast. Fasters- same as non-fasting ones. your hair. They 22 . which belongs solely not let your fasting day be the to the special nobles. Indeed God Non-Islamic dress is always made it that way so that food Haram but for them is an and drink are used as a veil essence during Ramadan.”[8] people. How few are fasting Imam As-Sadiq (a. all other body parts fast She said: “I’m fasting O against whatever which is Messenger of God!” the regarded in religion as Haram. Fasting of Al-Haqiqat “When you fast. Fasting is not only from during the fasting period. This against other sins. swearing at her maid in the but they also observe an presence of the Prophet of ethical fasting too. and from all disease that come from This is the fasting of noble Satan. action. verbal or is called the fasting of Tariqat. (Mystical Fasting) your eyes. you including.s) is quoted and how many are just from his ancestors from the hungry. Such noble Islam (S).The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH 2.”[9] Prophet of Islam (S): 3.”[7] who are not many. Fasting of Al-Tariqat shall never be freed from the (Ethical Fasting) power of Satan. People in this degree not only fast from what is A lady whilst fasting was jurisprudentially mentioned. Prophet replied: “How are you Gossiping is always Haram. let your ears. The Prophet (S) fasters let their eyes. for I tell from all other than God you truly. Do fasting. ears and offered her some food to eat. food and drink.

the Almighty. Vol. This is why I which in a sense means named this stage the fasting engagement within the self. 10. status is called in Islamic 9. This state of absolute the devotee during his prayers detachment is the reality of needs to engage his organs. by Dr.96. seven hundred times save pp 157.339. 193 Patience. mysticism Assimilation in God. 5. p. and Patience is Health. in that. Al-Kafi. God. than God.207. p. Deut 9:9 “I will reward all rituals of 2.96 p. Muslim detach themselves from mystics consider fasting even whatever which is other than greater than prayers.96. as of fasting in this degree is the ultimate purpose of none other than God Himself. From Dead Sea Scrolls found guest in His month. Bihar al-Anwar Vol. servitude to God.”[10] p. p. such can gain the Visit of God as mental fasting also does the described in the Ayah. or she is fasting from other 7. The reward beginning of this article. in the same to the mind. A faster at this stage. 19. fasting.4.96 p. fasting burns the fat and This is the stage where one removes the toxins.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message make sure that during the ultimate purpose of servitude month of Ramadan they to God.252. 159.292. deserves to be His 8. To this end. whereas fasting is equal to refraining and detachment They believe as physical and requires no engagement.628.87: P. Bihar al-Anwar Vol. since he 6. Vol. servitude to God.2. Bihar al-Anwar Vol. (Al-Fana’ Fil-Lah) which is the  23 .293. for it is for Me and I 4. Matt 4:1-10 mankind from ten times to 3. Joel Fuhrman. Bihar al-Anwar Vol. This is the meaning of the Holy Hadith Notes: that Allah the Almighty says: 1. Fasting and Eating for am its reward. This in 1947. of Al-Haqiqat (Reality). Bihar al-Anwar Vol.

due to the experienced and Uthman suggested: Go to the clever strategies of Amir Al. Umar bin Khattab justice that has not been once again asked: Oh Mus- witnessed since. Imam Ali all in addition to the spread of (a. suggestions.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Government of Imam Ali (A.s.). people of Syria. Romans will attack their lands Detailed Answer and kill their wives and children. For instance the Arabs living on the when Umar bin Khattab 24 . battlefield along with all the Momineen (a. Do not dispatch the The vast majority of victories people of Yemen for Ethiopia in the time of the caliphs were will attack and sabotage due to the experienced and Yemen.) was the sat down but nobody stood up exceptional manifestation of after him.s. Talhah said: You should Concise answer attend the battle in order to The vast majority of victories give your soldiers confidence in the time of the caliphs were and enhance their battle. Yemen. If you deploy the clever strategies of Amir Al- people of Medina and Mecca Momineen (a. Medina and Mecca so the The most important factor Muslims would gain confi- implemented during the reign dence and battle well.S.) then stated: It is not a taqwa and confrontation with clever tactic to send the aggression. he came to the masjid of the first three caliphs was and summoned the people successful whereas the rule of and asked for their sugges- Imam Ali (as) wasn’t? tions. Uthman of Imam Ali (a. corruption and Syrians to war because the controversy.).) By: Ayatollah Mahdi Hadavi Tehrani Question: realized the Persian forces were preparing for a great How is it that the government attack.s. And this was lims.s.

kind-hearted Imam for Yemen.) as Not only did Imam Ali (a. for his holiness of the Yemenis and if the did not ask anything ever for Arabs from the around Medina himself and all he ever sought 25 . On the the people of Basrah to other hand. If the Ethiopians His holiness sent his children would have attacked they to war under the command of would have killed the families the caliphates. the last Imam Ali’s (a.s. because. God knows what support the Muslims. Therefore Imam Ali (a. but direct a letter to left in these two cities. that period (the period of Yazdgerd the third.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message outskirts will seek vengeance and Mecca would have tried and sabotage these two cities. attacked they would’ve killed and this happened. let alone ten times dependence upon Allah. he also saved the and kafirs). Mecca and Medina mankind (even non-Muslims this way. quantity of the Muslim forces.) words also king of the Sasani Empire) the included that in the time of government of Iran was the Prophet (S) we never extremely weak and falling fought reliant upon the apart and a small amount of amount and size of our forces Muslim forces were enough to but actually fought with defeat it. the wives and children of the Muslims. Umar would have happened to the bin Khattab was pleased with people of Iran if this massive this proposition and decided: force of troops would have This is the right opinion and attacked their land because in we must act accordingly.) an infallible. have the least danger and if the Romans would have lowest number of casualties. made this war Persians from dying.s.s. passionate and protect the Muslims of Syria. so the forces based in the don’t be afraid of the small Persian territory. to get revenge they would It is best for you not to leave have assaulted whoever was either.

Spreading division and dignity. A. but only agree with Arabs being slaves familiar with the outer layer of anymore. them. families but would never give cause of that the toughest their daughters to foreigners. he did not to its principles. Islam instead of the core and Ibn Juraih writes: “…When true spirit. managing and insight that the imam wouldn’t supervising the bazaar or road allow the enemies of Islam to management were allotted to reach their goals. A class had developed in When the caliph realized that the Islamic society that the people were able to have endorsed Islam and was loyal foreign slaves. For instance. speak Farsi will lose his B. And according to the prejudice and neglecting tradition that the 2nd caliph justice. for was with this impeccable instance. Arabs could non-Arabs were considered as choose wives from foreign 2nd-class citizens and be. while the performance of prayer as performing his tawaf. Iranians were not caliphs that would have never allowed in Medinah and this occurred if Imam Ali were to was apparently in order to not be the sole governor of the allow them to mingle and Islamic society.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH was the benefit of Islam. established. It and most difficult jobs. in Iraq. Historians report corruption In the time of the second under the broad reign of the caliph. Now. he told opposed to wisdom and the them: Speak Arabic for purpose and objective of whoever decides to learn and Islam. 26 . we will socialize with the Arabs and to mention an example of one of seize the influence of the these deviations and leave the Iranians in infiltrating the details for another time: capital of the Islamic world. a group that would the 2nd caliph saw two indi- only emphasize and insist on viduals speaking Farsi.

He would also force knows what would have befell the Mawalis (non-Arab Islam.s. It is inevitable that in every when they would attend war government a few oppositions they were given less spoils of emerge to create division by war than the Arabs. every opposer can be like And indeed this attitude Imam Ali (a. if it wasn’t for leader of congregational Imam Ali’s (a.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message In line with this attitude. in The closing point is that in his the time of the Bani Umayyah short time of rule. compelling der and unrest throughout the Imam Ali (a.) and stay silent distanced the Muslims from and abstain from complaining the true Islam and made them so that Islam remains pro- believe that Islam was only tected and united. take the hands of the rulers and advise And this is why uprisings took or assist them. ing after the loss of the eigner should stand as the Prophet. second time. Muslims) to attend war or 6. 27 .s. saw and heard. Even starting tension and contro- worse. only do that. Not given to the Mawalis. every now and then.s. Also.) aim was to redress the were not qualified to become deviations the Ummah of caliph.) to deploy an government in order to prove army to Qazvin and two other that the government is armies to Khorasan and seize inadequate and incompetent cities like Neishabour for a or to completely eliminate it.s.) advice who prayer. Hajjaj. no share of the Ata’ versy and preparing the from Bayt al-Mal (treasury of grounds for disorder and the Islamic government) was unrest in the government. and not what they had experienced. but additionally. Imam Ali’s children of foreign mothers (a. the caliph of Muhammad (S) was undergo- Iraq said: not a single for. Most opposers place in conquered territories usually tend to initiate disor- after invasions.

his period of reign wouldn’t nent figures of the previous have occurred.s.) keeping silent. compromise  28 . and chaos. if we find that and gain the people’s content there was less disorder and with money so quickly. ers of the former government neglected Islamic rulings.s. government. it was simply because annihilate them and this of the patience and decency procedure escalated to the of opposers like Ali ibn Abi extent where he was mar- Taleb (a. Imam Ali (a.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH Therefore.) was deviated from the path of appointed ruler and caliph and legitimacy and rightfulness the Imam’s way of imple. his opposers Therefore. we must note that were certainly not patient and not every model of peace and embracing of hardships for quiet is favorable and idealis- the sake of the development tic.) martyred and as a result his wasn’t the type of person to mission was left unfinished. justice and religion. Obtaining they put in all of their effort to such peace requires several bring down the government battles and confrontations and replace the Imam with that Imam Ali (a. and Imam Ali (a. On the contrary. a vast menting justice gave an end amount of these battles and to the illegitimate reception of disorders that took place in goods and money by promi. Peace and tranquility must and unity of the society and be achieved in the context of Islamic community. and collected bribes.) faced and someone else.s. Thus. overcame but was mercilessly However. give in to defeat.s. surrendered even a little bit. not tyred in the alter of prayer by just the competence of the the very initiators of tension government. so he chaos in the time of the three stood against and tried to caliphs. when power If he had compromised and was passed on to the oppos.

Mercy!” He was sad and distressed. from among you to His Imam Ali (a. He was unable to world of desires and devia- battle against Mu’awiyah tion? The opportunists fought because his army mutinied against him. He supplicated Allah among the companions of the to quicken his travel to Him.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message The Demise of the Truth Edited excerpts from the book. I Mirqal. Imam Ali was the most He received various kinds of brilliant reformer in the world. how was it possible for These disasters left in his soul his government to continue in bitter sorrows. The seekers of against him. They with and which ambitions inclined to rest and hated the spoiled. So how was it great. The Life of Imam Al-Hasan Al-Mujtaba By: Hujjat Al-Islam Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi After the Battle of Siffin. he said: “By Allah. terrible misfortunes. but they did not obey resisted him.s. denied him. Dhu'sh Shahadatayn. him. fore. error became ty in the earth. The society.) stayed in Kufa. lish justice and spread equali- good was lost. wish that Allah took me out and the like from among the 29 . He summoned them. Hashim al- Kufa. Prophet (S) who knew his saying: “O Allah. to the extent that insignificant society? The that he wished for the depar- Imam’s sadness increased ture from this world. hasten al- trend and studied in his Muradi’s unhappiness!” school. There- jihad for the sake of Allah. He commanded high ranks and authority them. that he because he had lost the might get rid of its problems righteous remainder from and evil. He saw He spared no effort to estab- that justice was wronged. and tyranny was possible for him to stay in the excessive. His companions were Addressing the people of Ammar bin Yasir. but which mean desires played they did not respond.

” Amr bin Bukayr He said to her: “I will carry said: “I will kill Amr bin al-Aas out all what you want!” for you. So she accused three unbelievers. Qatam who some Kharijites held a meet. proposed to her. refused to accept him as a Aas. H. in the year 40 A.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH prominent believers on whom They agreed on a certain day he had depended to establish to assassinate these three the truth. His neighborhood. believed in the Kharijites’ ing and remembered their thought. They Battle of al-Nahrawan. Talib for you. supplicated Allah and be. It was that society. and Amr bin al. Each of them headed for the seeched Him to take him to person that he was to kill. The day was the 18th of and enliven the principles of Ramadan. He had neither a the time of the Morning supporter nor a friend. He Prayer. Then they separated. that he Abdurrahman bin Muljam might get rid of the pains of arrived in Kufa carrying with this world where he found him evil and unhappiness to nothing except exhaustion all the inhabitants of the and tiredness. he lived as a stranger in of the assassination. of that.” And al-Hajjaj bin She told him about the dowry Abdullah al-Suraymi said: “I she wanted. He came to put out the light that illuminated the The Mean Plot world. It was three will kill Mu’awiyah for you. Abdurrahman bin Muljam husband unless he would said: “I will kill Ali bin Abi satisfy her thirst for revenge. but she Mu’awiyah. The Abdurrahman bin Muljam three were Imam Ali (a.” 30 . as was bereaved of them.s). Her father and companions and the Muslims brother were killed at the who had been killed. earth. the religion. men. He went to his mali- During the season of hajj cious cousin. they claimed. After he had lost They also appointed the time them. refute falsehood.

Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message thousand dirhams. hand me over (to death). kill Ali.” went out to offer prayers or to carry out some task. and one come to that town just for evening with Abdullah bin that purpose. The Great Disaster this sinful woman (Qatam) made him approve to kill The month of Ramadan is the Imam Ali and encouraged him best of months and the to commit the crime. The sinner. They replied: “I like that the decree asked him to take some (death) of Allah comes to me guards to guard him when he while I am hungry. killed. the Allah will be better for you Imam knew that he would than this world. If you are called the Month of Allah. and to great protection from Allah.” When he depart to Allah in this month. you will please ness with Allah. and that he had with al-Husayn (a. it (the man bin Muljam said: “You protection) will leave me and can have all you asked for.” He will not fail. then the reward of When this month came. he (a. saw that she was serious. The Imam’s companions On one of those nights. He never had more than three mouthfuls of food. the Imam 31 . Howev. I that time the arrow (of death) see that shall not get it. At but as for the killing of Ali. and he would assassinate him. and the wound intended to conceal the will not heal. and life with me will be been ascribed to Him and happy for you.s) refused that and Ramadan came. However. he feared that the Kharijites was asked about that. Abbas. a boy said to them: “On me there is servant. he He had supper one evening made her know about his with al-Hasan.” matter from her. one evening intention. When the eighteenth night of er. Abdurrah. saying: greatest of them in sacred- “If you kill him. When my death comes. a girl servant. that it has me.s).

asked him: It is the night which I have been promised of. then “There is no might and power your father would be killed. He supplicated his Lord has frightened me! and asked Him for forgiveness You have seen good. some gees.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH was very upset. saying: because of his father’s going “By Allah. took two stones of it and went When he wanted to leave the to the Kaaba. I have not lied nor out during that early time. He have I been accused of lying.s) wanted to stars and reflected on them. He looked towards the Imam Ali (a.” What made you come out at this time? The Imam (a. hooted before him. which turned into ashes. He plucked it out. from the hooting of the gees. he had Mountain of Abi Qubays. 32 .s) was upset and sad throughout that The dream I saw this night night. predicted the occurrence of What is the interpretation of the terrible event and the this dream? breaking misfortune. open the door but it was not He foretold the occurrence of opened. He recited good will happen! Tell me the Qur’an. saying: If my vision was true. He struck them house for prayer in the against each other and they mosque. and and contentment. about it! Before the light of the dawn I have seen Gabriel coming shone and the shadow of the down from the heaven on the dark night ended. Some of were given to al-Hasan as a these ashes entered all the gift. He. He performed the ritual ablution. He walked save with Allah! Hooters that around the courtyard of the will be followed by weepers!” house. the important event on that Al-Hasan became worry night. houses in Mecca and Medina.

and split open his holy fore- head that often and always It is not permissible to punish touched the earth in submis- him before the crime. and good. my beloved. the Allah’s Apostle (a.s) promised sinful rogue (Abdurrahman me that it (death) would be bin Muljam) struck him on the within the last ten nights of head and uttered the slogan Ramadan. earn tomorrow. cried out: “I have won. The severe blow crime has not been committed reached the Imam’s sacred by him yet. struck the Imam on the head then you kill him. Al. the Exalted. Which went out to the mosque in the success was greater than his early dawn. as usual. and His Name was 33 . Al-Hasan became sad. wak- ened the people to worship. and Mecca and Medina. he. he Hasan to go to his bed. by the Hasan did not find any escape Lord of the Kaaba!” from yielding to him. busy remembering Allah. Abdurrahman bin of the Kharijites: “Judgment is Muljam will kill me! to Allah. It has been success? The inevitable end mentioned in the traditions came while he was before that the early dawn is the Allah. responds to supplication. When the Imam (a.” However. and no one the prayer was between his knows in what land he shall two lips. While he was present no one knows what he shall before the Generous Creator. brain.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message Worry and sadness for me time when Allah sends mer- would enter all the houses in cies. When will that happen? and then he began performing Allah. kindness.s) Imam Ali asked his son al. felt the sword on his head. not to you!” He Since you have known that. and the sion to Allah. Imam Ali The Imam succeeded. He When the Imam arrived in the asked his father: mosque. says: “And prayer. and his heart was die.

They that he had taken or a world were weeping and wailing. They were very The Imam succeeded. Which al-Hasan. saying: “The son of the The true Imam succeeded Jewish woman (Abdurrahman because he had satisfied his bin Muljam) has killed me! Do conscience. a title of the truth.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH between his lips in one of the they may follow and act most sacred houses of Allah according to them in the field (the mosque of Kufa) and in of righteousness! When the the greatest month to Allah Imam fell on the ground in his (Ramadan)! mihrab. He So the people from all classes was killed not for a property hurried to the mosque. He did not not let him escape from you!” equivocate nor did he deceive throughout his lifetime. When al-Hasan tioned as a wonder for the finished the prayer. that his father’s head and put it in 34 . he introduced his killer. success? He is mentioned as Imam Ali performed the equal to the truth and justice. and saw Ju‘da bin that he may be a symbol of Hubayra and a group of justice. he took leaders of man’s thought. his mihrab. When reached its top! the Imam looked at his son The Imam succeeded. he had enjoyed or an Islamic The misfortune astonished Sunna (law) he had changed! them. They success? Immortality has found the Imam lying down in given him survival forever. was bleeding. prayer while sitting and yet he His sacred beliefs are men. On the head there were success was greater than his the children of Imam Ali. Muslims surrounding and and a model of the perfect helping him (the Imam) to humanity that has ascended perform the prayer while he the ladder of perfection and was unable to do that. he ordered him to success was greater than his lead the people in prayer. Which sad. and the incident terrified them.

and feel pity for him!” there was an outcry indicating that the sinful criminal was Al-Hasan said: “Father. He was made us bereaved of you stood before al-Hasan who while you are ordering us to said to him: “O cursed one. this is the enemy of Apostle (a. Do not maim the father and asked him: “Fa. I have heard Allah’s ther. have mercy on at the gate. He others in giving? So why have is coming to you through that you rewarded me with this gate (he indicated with his reward?” Then he ordered al- hand to the gate of Kinda). saying: “O my son. Abdurrahman bin dangerous thing and a great Muljam! affair! Did I not have mercy -From which way did he go? on you and prefer you to -Let none go to seek him.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message his lap. this arrested. After a while. Hasan to be kind to him. then you punish him by Then al-Hasan turned to his killing him. man. him. be kind to The people were busy looking your captive. He durrahman) bin Muljam! Allah asked him: has enabled us to arrest him!” -Who has done this to you? The Imam opened his eyes and said in a weak voice: -The son of the Jewish “You have committed a woman. (Ab- flowing on his holy face. Imam Ali (a. Give him food of brought you nigh? Why have what you eat. and his tears were Allah and your enemy.s) answered him: neen and the Imam of the “O my son. If I reward?” died. we are the people Muslims! Is this his reward of the house of mercy and while he lodged you and forgiveness. be kind to him?!” you have killed Amirul Momi.s) say: ‘Beware of 35 . He was brought tied cursed one has killed you and and bare-headed. Give him a you rewarded him with this drink of what you drink.

increase neither sadness nor impa- 36 . Then he blew at the He was carried while the vein and took it out.s) ordered out.s) brought for pardoning. and reward your dog. may Allah calm your to him: “O my son. They were crying the Imam’s brain. The most members of the Ahlul Bayt experienced of them was Athir who do not meet whoever bin Amr al-Sukuni. They were brain. He ordered commits error against us a warm lung of a ewe to be except with pardoning and brought to him. wound.” vein of it and he took the vein Then Imam Ali (a. He gently said my son. saying: “O dominated him. He found people were running. He turned has been killed! The Imam of to the Imam and hopelessly the truth has been killed!” said to him: “O Amirul Momi- neen. He put it into the Imam’s the people to carry him home. who will be for us father: “Father.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH maiming even a mordacious your reward. I am more appropriate Imam al-Hasan (a.s) looked at his The Imam embraced him and son and he knew that sadness calmed his fear. there is heart with patience. and that the vein was covered were about to die because of with the whiteness of the crying and wailing. If I remain alive. We are the some physicians. for you His daughters and family are about to die!” received him with crying and wailing. He followed a generosity. make your will. I am brothers with a reward as more aware of what I do to equal to your affliction in me!” him. Athir out: “The Imam of the truth become disordered.s)!” Imam Ali (a. The blow had reached shocked. your loss will after you? Our affliction in you break my back! How can I see is like ours in the messenger you in this condition?” of Allah (a. Al-Hasan sadly said: Al-Hasan wept and said to his “Father.

Do not be sorry for highest degrees in the Para- anything of this world that has dise!” been away from you. he (a. Some of his and a helper to the op- tears fell on his father’s face. He gave them valuable turned yellow. He did and al-Husayn. I am going to his fear: “O my son. do not weep! You will Zahra’. and for your father and looking your brother al-Husayn will be forward to his arrival an hour killed by the sword!” after an hour! There is no His Recommendations harm on you! O my son. The Imam’s blood became He put before them high poisoned. and his holy face ideals. looked towards the sky and saying: “I advise you (both) to implored Allah through fear Allah and that you should supplicating Him. He said to him to calm this day! Today.s) condition. pressed. and he came to conscious- 37 . Al-Hasan’s truth and act for reward. During that lessons. I ask You for the ures of this) world even association with the prophets though it may follow after and the guardians and for the you. Say the Then he fainted. my son. Secondly he not leave the remembering advised the rest of his chil- and glorifying of Allah. and your mother al.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message tience for your father after ness. he had a calm soul advised his two sons al-Hasan and he was pleased. He dren and all the Muslims. for your father after today! O Kubra. saying: “O not hanker after the (pleas- Allah. Be heart melted and he began an enemy to the oppressors crying bitterly. what is meet your grandfather this weeping for? There is Muhammad al-Mustafa. do not weep!” Imam Ali advised his children to cling to noble moralities. In the first. your neither fear nor impatience grandmother Khadija al. The houris are waiting be killed with poison.

lives. Do not cut kinship and fasting. and tongues in grandfather (the Prophet) the way of Allah. ing to it. Keep Allah in mind “Wait! If I die because of this concerning prayer. for it is the blow. to keep your affairs mercy and dignity by Allah. he said: “O children were the recommendation of of Abdul Muttalib. Do not maim the Allah in mind concerning your man. Keep for a stroke. not be responded to you. in order. I have heard your property.” “Keep Allah in mind concern- Addressing his family and ing your neighbors! They relatives. live.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH “I advise you (both) and all Lord’s house (mosque).s) saying: ‘Keeping straight the relations among yourself “Retain kinship and help each is better than prayers and other. Do not give up enjoining the good and “Keep Allah in mind concern- forbidding the evil lest evildo- ing the orphans! Let them ers may gain power over you. and to maintain good “Keep Allah in mind concern- relationships among your- ing jihad with your own selves. kill for me except my killer. certainly I your Prophet. killed! Amirul Momineen has ing the Qur’an.’ mutual relations. He still recom- do not wish to see you mended of them that we plunging harshly into the thought he would make them blood of Muslims saying: inherit us. to will not be looked at with fear Allah. No one should been killed!’ Beware. Let and then you pray but it will them not be lost among you. then strike him a stroke pillar of your religion. you whom my book reaches. (a. ‘Amirul Momineen has been “Keep Allah in mind concern. do not precede you in acting accord. Do my children and members of not forsake it as long as you my family and everyone. participate in your food. for if it is abandoned. I have heard Allah’s 38 .

and to he made al-Husayn. you. enjoin the al-Hasan as his successor.s) specially advised his son al-Hasan. him in respect of their affairs.” mad (bin al-Hanafiya). (other) sons. he handed him the books When they sat down. all his On the 20th of Ramadan. and that his meeting with his perform prayer on its time. I advise an Imam after him that the you to forgive (others’) sin. has mentioned: take care of the Qur’an.s) knew rites.s) saying: ‘Beware light due to the affliction of of maiming even to a morda. community might resort to restrain anger. and let your question be commanded me to appoint 39 . he (documents) and the weap- turned to them and said: ons. Then gave permission to them all. Lord was close at hand. to fear Allah. he pay zakat when it is due. and his Imam’s house asking a household as witnesses to the permission to visit him.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message Apostle (a. Then he (a. Allah’s Apostle (a. He said to him: “I advise that he would leave the world. He installed him as except with purity. He declaration of his will. forbid the evil. Thiqat al-Islam. He said to him: ‘O my “Question me before you lose son. Muham- avoid ill-deeds. and good. your Imam!” People avoided cious dog!’” asking him because of his painful wound. al- religion. O my son. be sure of affairs.s) had me. to Appointing al-Hasan as cling to the principles of the Imam religion and to perform its When Imam Ali (a. show clemency toward the The Shia have not disagreed ignorant. and entrusted his son al-Hasan to perform the ritual ablution with the caliphate and the well. retain kinship. treat “Ameerul Mo’minin appointed neighbors well. for no prayer is accepted Imamate. Kulayni. understand the on that. the heads of his people crowded around the followers (Shi‘a).

s) not direct the community to pay homage to him and not Some Sunnis maintain that to appoint him as an Imam Imam Ali (a. should hand them over to Allah purified him from all your brother al-Husayn. then a Therefore. as Al-Kulayni has also narrated the Verse of al-Tatheer has that Imam Ali said to Imam mentioned. and if you kill him. fear of Allah. he had al-Hasan: “O my son. you down. as Ibn Hajar with me. how did Imam Ali blow for a blow. determination.” concerned that critical period 40 . when Imam whether he rose or sat death comes to you.s) did not entrust after him? the authority after him to his son al-Hasan. saying: “Ali was possible for him to leave the asked: ‘Will you not appoint authority in chaos after him anyone as a successor? He and not to install an Imam replied: ‘If Allah wants good whom the community should to the community. And he commanded me the Paradise. He will resort to.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH you as my successor and to This narration is among hand over to you the books Shu‘ayb’s fabricated and and the weapons which are denied traditions. and merit. as Allah’s Apostle said. Therefore.” (a.” defects and uncleanness. He was an to command you that. Moreover. If caliphate required such as you forgive (the man who knowledge. struck me). especially as it gather them on their good. They have Imam Ali was the most careful indicated that through what of Muslims for the unity of the Shu‘ayb bin Maymun al-Wasiti nation. that is up to you. how was it narrated. Apostle had appointed me as Imam al-Hasan was the his successor and handed his darling of Allah’s Apostle and books and weapons over to the master of the youths of me. It is just as Allah’s has mentioned. you are all the qualifications that the the guardian of (my) blood.

a visiting place for you were overworked and believers and the pious. they would have handed for forgiveness.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message when dangers and problems position were ignored by surrounded the Muslims? many! You spent your life among that dark generation To the Better World that paid no attention to After Imam Ali had finished knowledge and justice. The his family and companions helper of the weak. When the over the leadership of the inevitable death came to him. embalmed it disperse the shadows of with scent. Burial rade! That Divine mercy rose Al-Hasan (a. He washed light that Allah had created to the pure corpse. darkness. for he was the father for burial. you have gone present Shrine is a Kaaba for to the immortal world while comers. and shrouded it. he did not understand your goals began suffering the agonies of of building a society where death while he was reciting justice. and the principles of night came.” (37:61) To Allah we belong and to Him is our return! Then his pure soul went to the gardens of Paradise and Imam Ali is prepared for rose to the Most High Com. shelter of carried the sacred body to its strangers. that you he recited this verse: might supply the world with “For the like of this then let your sciences and knowledge! the workers work. Your right and high school for learners. and a tired. he and a group of the religion were effaced. welfare. community to you. that his recommendations. The pillars of justice When the last part of the swung. O Imam in Holy Najaf where his Abu al-Hasan. and good had some Qur’anic verses and to prevail! If mankind had had supplications. They buried the orphans died! My master. and father of final abode. and asking Allah luck. After 41 .s) prepared his to its Source.

When he was before spring. historians have maintained it. However. of the cursers. and sinful criminal Abdurrahman they were” be on ibn Muljam. He by turning him on his face in ordered me to satisfy your the fire where there are stomach. permissible for the darling of man bin Muljam) protected the Apostle (a. If he lived. I would make you follow As for the maiming. The curse of Allah. he returned home his hand. If he died. and to be kind to burning mouths of flame with you. he (bin Muljam) asked burns the plants in the earth Imam al-Hasan: while they are pretty! May -What did your father order Allah place the sighing and you to do? groaning of the fire in the origins of his being! May a -He ordered me not to kill thousand Satans destroy him other than his killer. and it was cut off. of The killer is punished those who were born. some him. while overcome with sorrow Then al-Hasan killed him and and astonishment.s): “Maiming is Then Imam al-Hasan struck forbidden even to a morda- him with the sword. and him. destroys crops.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH Imam al-Hasan had buried his himself against the sword with father. and of those Imam al-Hasan ordered the to whom Allah said: “Be.s) had prohibited that according to it during anger repeating the sayings of the and pleasure!” Prophet (a. did not maim him. those who died.s) and his 42 . bin Muljam to be brought to On him is the curse that dries him. cious dog!” So how was it the cursed sinner (Abdurrah. Without doubt it is among the The sinner said: “Your father fabricated things. of In the morning of that day. Imam Ali said the truth and acted (a. he would blazing and whistling! punish or pardon you.

they will and commit that which maimed him with the ugliest opposed the Islamic Law? maiming. people overcrowded Hadeed. He had commanded them to They spared no effort to make him (the killer) follow corrupt the authority of Imam 43 .Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message grandson (Imam al-Hasan) to him and not to aggress turn away from his father’s (against him). Those who have maintained they burnt him with fire. The Islamic Taha Husayn has decided that capital was threatened by the the maiming was done by the danger of Mu’awiya whose blood guardians. However. Muljam. saying: “The power became strong and his certain thing is that the blood authority became firm. who did not Ali’s will concerning his killer. and when he died. tion that in details. Abu al-Fida’ has mentioned that it Anyway. joined him. Dr. understand Islam. Imam al- Hasan received the caliphate This difference makes us sure with that which none of those that the maiming was fabri- who had preceded him cated and it was not real. As for Ibn Abi al. are far away from committing while al-Hasan prevented that which disagreed with the them from doing that. received with. All guardians did not carry out those ambitious. Al- mentioned. he has mentioned before him to pledge alle- that it was al-Hasan who did giance to him. Taha has Abdurrahman bin Muljam.” the maiming have differed The certain thing is contrary over the person who maimed to that which Dr. after Imam al-Hasan was Abdullah bin Ja‘far who had killed Abdurrahman bin did that. We have men- Muhib al-Tabari has men- tioned that the historians have tioned that it was Imam al- differed over the maiming. but Islamic Law. they did not yield to him. Husayn and Muhammad bin Besides. We will men- that. the blood guardians al-Hanafiya who maimed him.

" [Bihar-ul-Anwar." [Bihar-ul-Anwar. Imam al. The Holy Prophet (S) said: tions spread among the Iraqi "Slander acts quicker against people. 261] Imam al-Hasan received these Imam Amir-ul-Mu'mineen Ali two dangers during the period (‘a) said: "The listener to of his caliphate. vol. 307] (a." [Ghurar-ul-Hikam. who were like a The Holy Prophet (S) said: "The woodworm boring in the Iraqi abandoning of backbiting is camp. backbiter. 74. 257] Kharijites." concepts would spread during [Tara'if-ul-Hikam. Not only Imam al-Husayn p. than the new government. 2. p. affliction. Imam Amir-ul-Mu'mineen ‘Ali but all the Islamic state and (‘a) said: "The most vicious the caliphate were also person is he who looks for afflicted with them. performance of ten thousand minded and the deceived rak'at of recommended pray- followed the Kharijites’ ers.s) was afflicted with them. local sedi. is the one who backbites and that he would put an end against one's brother (fellow to the social injustice and Muslim)." [Al-Kafi. Besides this finding external danger. more valuable to Allah. other people's defects while he Hasan hoped that the Islamic overlooks his own faults. p. vol. vol. that social justice Imam Kazim (‘a) said: "Cursed would prevail over the earth. 232]   44 . thoughts. He was backbiting is the same as the greatly afflicted with them. The greatest of them the faith of a Muslim believer in danger. 176] his reign. p.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH al-Hasan and destroy his Backbiting & Fault- government. and than leprosy does against his tribulation was that of the body. Al- ous armed group facing the mighty and Glorious. and the most danger. The simple. 75. p. oppression.

all its importance and great- dan in some countries hap. how harmoni- the importance and greatness ous is it? of Lailatul-Qadr. periods of time and for all ence in horizons the begin. But in all the that. imagined that Lailatul-Qadr ence of one or two nights of being one in the whole year Lailatul-Qadr.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message Importance of Lailatul-Qadr By: Ayatollah Nasir Makarim Shirazi & Ayatollah Ja'far Subhani Question: Many causes are angels descend with blessings mentioned in Islam regarding and bounties. Above mentioned objection According to this situation in has come up because it was those places. there is differ. ness and there is no scope for pens to be one or two days anything contrary to this. as Lailatul-Qadr fixed in every region of the being only one night and in world and it is liable to end at that particular night the a fixed time. because of the differ. earlier or later. We are instruct- Answer: According to the ed to offer special prayers on religious guides it is absolutely this night. different places it existed with ning of the month of Rama. but we know this also in Hijaz area. This situation arises Lailatul-Qadr and this night is every year. Well-known Is it that Lailatul-Qadr was traditions of religious leaders especially in the time of the indicate it to one of the Prophet (S) and in Mecca and following nights of the holy that night is no more after month of Ramadan: 19th. that? 21st or 23rd. And for those meant that every year for all different places more than the places in the world only one Lailatul-Qadr comes into one common night is fixed as existence. proved that Lailatul-Qadr was It seems that Lailatul-Qadr is not restricted to the time of not more than one night every the Prophet (S) and not only year. 45 .

the month of Rama- Qadr. it means that for the being difference in their residents of all the places. even though there Qadr. existing horizons. each country according to their own lunar fixes the day considering their year only one night is Lailatul- specific horizon. Eid-ul-Fitr and happens to be in dark and the Eid-ul-Azha are holy days in other in light. first of Muharram. In different By saying that in the whole Muslim countries fixation of year there is only one Lailatul- this day. blessings of Allah in this night. comes on more than one day in the whole year. This is the Qadr. are descending) because all 19th. We should know that this And after passing some lunar account regarding Lailatul- months. in this night Angels that place and in that month. The explanation to this reason that for example in statement is that residents of Saudi Arabia Eid-e-Azha is every place start their lunar mostly celebrated one or two year according to the specific days before Pakistan and some horizon of that place from the other countries. as we know that the horizon of that place and not earth is spherical and always only Lailatul-Qadr in particular. one of its hemispheres For example.  46 . 21st or 23rd night is these situations are witness to Lailatul-Qadr for the people the enlargement of the special residing in that area. starts some other purposes (for with the specific horizon of example. is not a negation for dan also of that place. Therefore there Islam and special prayers are can never be night at one prescribed for those days of fixed and common time in all these Eids not a single one the parts of the earth. Residents of every place have for the residents of all the to fix their Holy Days and places.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH However this concept is times according to specific wrong.

of Rajab – the 13th. the hearts of the youth.’ we may sometimes think that And We enjoined Ibrahim and these thing are the sole 47 . Kerbala. Kadamain.” (Kanzul (Baqarah 2. and said. 14th and nized in other Divine religions 15th. “And when We made the Since the life of the transient House a pilgrimage for world keeps us busy for the mankind and a (place of) whole year in studies. Madinah. Hadith 24007) The great Masajid of Islam One of the greatest traditions located in cities such as of Islam. work. security. traveling and other yourselves a place of prayer such things and causes us to on the standing-place of be negligent of the next life. Samarrah. This is a other major Muslim cities tradition which has been in have hosted this spiritual Islam from the first days of retreat for over 1. and more specifically in sent by Allah (SWT) and the month of Ramadan – that practiced by them – more or too primarily in the last 10 less: nights of the blessed month. has recently been reignited in Najaf. 125) Ummal. ‘Appoint for business. Isfahan. Mashhad and that of I’tikaf. is Qum. those who bow and hope (for the reward of down (and) those who Allah). the spark of which Makkah.400 years the revelation and is also primarily in the “White Nights” something known and recog.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message I’tikaf. The Spiritual Retreat By: Shaykh Saleem Bhimji The Messenger of Allah (S) Isma’il saying: ‘Purify My has said: “The person who House for those who visit (it) secludes himself (in the and those who abide (in it) for Masjid in I’tikaf) in true faith devotion. Ibrahim [Maqam-e-Ibrahim]. all of his previous sins prostrate themselves.’” shall be forgiven.

it is and to concentrate on the for this reason that I’tikaf is Words of Allah in the Qur’an. being of the transient world and to a guest in the House of Allah return to the soul and the (SWT) – eating His food which Creator of the soul. I’tikaf is a three day complete negligence of Him. it is not the Him now (spiritually return venue to pass one’s time in back to Him) before we are idleness.” related to Him and His Sacred Essence. spiritual retreat to build the The period of I’tikaf is the self. In addition.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH purpose in life and thus. it is the act of leaving best time to force one’s self to one’s personal house to be in sit and think and reflect on the service of Allah (SWT) and the self and the world around. to recognize one’s self in the period of the I’tikaf is the Allah’s house (the Masjid) best time to forget the worries while at the same time. referred to as “The spring of the prayers and supplications life in a world struck with the used to call upon Him and all drought of negligence of Allah of those things which are (SWT). Thus. it in this short three day period is not a time to sit in the of I’tikaf. the period He has sent and being around of the I’tikaf is the best time His servants which He has to return back to Allah (SWT) guided. I’tikaf is not the act forced to return back to him of sleeping and snoring in the by the separation of the soul Masjid and killing time… from the body in a state of Truly. we in true repentance for our sins end up forgetting our true committed through the year goal – Allah (SWT). It is the negligence of our- selves and our Creator which I’tikaf is not a three day is given a fresh breath of life holiday from work or school. 48 . we can Masjid in complete ignorance once again find ourselves and of ones’ self and his spiritual our Lord and return back to surroundings.

although a Non-Muslim word I’tikaf is to stay in a can perform the I’tikaf and it particular place. There are a few conditions for however cannot directly the person who wishes to participate in this act as will partake in the Divine blessing be mentioned. however in may be correct from the point the definition of Islam. danger to his life. the person must not be able to fast due to some mentally unstable. I’tikaf must be performed for the purpose of seeking close- In the state of I’tikaf. a person ness to Allah (SWT) and not to can stand. means to stay in the Masjid however to earn the Divine for a particular time period in Reward. which shall be covered later on in this article. to grace of being able to perform refrain from the things which I’tikaf. is period is to obey the com. he or she must be a the worship of Allah (SWT) true believer. He or she may still gain He has prohibited. deprived from the Divine mandments of Allah (SWT). sit. if a person is a (a) Intelligence (‘Aql) traveler or one who is not Thus. for whatever reason. ‘form’ that this retreat must be carried out in (unlike the Salat (d) Fasting During I’tikaf which has a specific form to The person who is not able to it). it of view of the outer actions. of I’tikaf: Therefore. sleep. etc… and show off or due to societal or there is not one particular family or peer pressure. he cannot 49 .Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message Definition of I’tikaf (b) True Faith (Iman) The literal definition of the Thus. a reward from Allah (SWT) for Conditions of I’tikaf having the intention to perform this act of worship. What is important in this fast. while maintaining certain (c) Intention (Niyyat) conditions.

he must complete it until specific time related to it. then it becomes obligatory upon him to contin- (e) Permission ue his fast on the third day One must have the permission and to stay in the Masjid for of the person whom he needs the remaining period of his to gain permission from to I’tikaf – meaning till the time carry out this act (guardian. Of Thursday at Maghrib time). I’tikaf for 5 days. and if he One must stay inside the goes into I’tikaf for 8 days Masjid for the entire period then the 9th day becomes for his I’tikaf to be correct. etc…) to ensure the Similarly. course the “White Days” 50 . However.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH partake in I’tikaf. obligatory and so on… (g) Time Period (Length) Thus. then he can however if he completes two perform the I’tikaf even full days of I’tikaf in the Masjid though his Salat may be (until the Maghrib of the prayed as that of a traveler. of Maghrib of the third day. I’tikaf is for 3 full days of the I’tikaf and 2 nights which are in between these days and this The person performing I’tikaf period must be maintained. he may leave after oath that he will fast for three this period and end his I’tikaf. second day). husband. days on a trip. if The first two days of I’tikaf are the traveler who wants to recommended and if a person perform the I’tikaf makes an wishes. if a person goes into correctness of the I’tikaf. the 6th day (f) Place of I’tikaf becomes obligatory. must stay in this state for a minimum of three complete Time of I’tikaf days from sunrise of the first Anytime in which fasting is day until the sunset of the permissible is an opportune third day (for example if he time for I’tikaf and the state starts I’tikaf on Monday at Fajr of I’tikaf does not have a time.

The third As mentioned previously in intention which can be made passing. it is neces- husband’s permission if her sary for the correctness of I’tikaf would infringe on I’tikaf to specify the intention martial rights with his wife. it is for this reason that who have passed away or the wife must also take her others. missed prayers of parents Thus.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message which are the 13th. Therefore. not happy or are concerned for their son or daughter and Time and Place of the do not permit him to make Intention of the I’tikaf and I’tikaf. Therefore. The most of Ramadan are the best common form is the recom- times for this spiritual exer- mended I’tikaf. promised Allah is that he Permission of Guardian would perform I’tikaf if his prayer is fulfilled). he the fulfillment of something cannot start I’tikaf two days (and in that oath he had before ‘Eid. however it can cise. 51 . one cannot also become obligatory make I’tikaf on the day of ‘Eid (wajib) if a person makes an since it is forbidden to fast on oath or promise to Allah is for that day and similarly. I’tikaf performed for I’tikaf is that it is being without the permission of his done on behalf of someone guardian or any person whose else – similar to how people rights would be taken away if perform Hajj for their de- the person was to go in a ceased relatives or make up state of I’tikaf is not correct. then the child is not the Place of I’tikaf permitted to go forth for this The intention must be made (recommended) act of wor- from the beginning of the ship. if one’s parents are to perform. 14th and The Intention for I’tikaf 15th of the lunar month and The intention for I’tikaf is of the last ten days of the Month three main types. and the type that one wants Similarly.

The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH

time of Fajr on the first day If one was to perform I’tikaf
and it is not permissible to in any place other than the
delay it until the end of the “Central Masjid” then he
time of Fajr (just before would need to do so with the
sunrise), however if just intention that this act would
before the rising of the sun of bring him closer to Allah
Fajr, one makes his intention, (SWT) and that he is hoping
this will still be sufficient. At for a reward in this act.
the time of making intention
Therefore, if there are three
for I’tikaf, the person must be
or four Masjid in one city,
inside the Masjid in which
since they are not of the four
he/she wishes to perform
Masajid in which I’tikaf can be
I’tikaf.
performed (with that special
The place of I’tikaf must be intention), the people may
the Masjid and therefore, use all of them for the pro-
performing I’tikaf in any place gram of I’tikaf.
other than a Masjid such as a
The courtyards and entrances
room or hall used for Salat, a
of the Masjid are not consid-
building which is made only
ered as a part of the Masjid
for Jam’at Salat and other
except in the case that they
places like this such as an
are recognized and known (by
imambargah (which are not
others) to be an actual part of
proper Masajid) is not correct.
the Masjid. If a person doubts
The preferential order of if the place in which he is, is
where I’tikaf should be actually a Masjid or not, then
performed is: Masjidul Haram, according to the rules, he is
Masjid an-Nabi (S), Masjid not permitted to perform
Kufa and then the Masjid of I’tikaf there until he ascertains
Basrah – after these, then any and has certainty that the
other “Central” and “Congre- place where he is truly is a
gational” Masjid is permissible part of the Masjid.
to perform the I’tikaf in.

52

Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message

Prohibited Acts during If any of these things are
I’tikaf performed, one’s I’tikaf
becomes void and in certain
The prohibited acts during the
cases a Kaffarah or penitence
state of I’tikaf include:
must be paid out.
1. Applying and smelling
perfume (or perfumed items Leaving the Masjid during
such as soap, shampoo, oil, the Period of I’tikaf
etc.) with the intention of It is not permissible to leave
deriving pleasure (or without the Masjid during the state of
it). This act makes I’tikaf null I’tikaf except for a reason.
& void.
Thus, in the following exam-
2. Discussions and arguments ples, it would be permitted to
both in relation to the world leave the Masjid while in the
and the faith. This means that state of I’tikaf: going to a
a person argues with another doctor in cases of emergency,
to prove that he is better or going to the bathroom,
smarter or that he knows visiting someone who is very
more, etc… However, if a sick and taking part in the
person must argue or debate burial rites of a person if the
to uphold the truth and person who has passed away
destroy falsehood, it is was a close relation to the
permissible - rather this is the person performing I’tikaf, or
best form of worship and to perform a Ghusl (if needed)
servitude to Allah (SWT) or to do Wudu.
during this noble state.
If during I’tikaf menstrual
3. Buying & selling anything.
cycle of sisters start making
4. Deriving pleasure from the them unable to stay inside the
opposite sex in any way – Masjid their I’tikaf becomes
holding hands, hugging, null and void.
kissing, etc… is completely
forbidden in the state of I’tikaf.


53

The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH

Stay hydrated during Ramadan
By: Dr. Sana Sadiq

“Fast to be healthy”, said by Cut down amount of salt and
Holy Prophet (S). Modern chillies in your meals.
science has proved His (S) Intake of fresh fruit juices,
sayings true. Islam wants its shakes, smoothies / lassi
believers to be active and should be encouraged.
healthy. During fast our
Avoid unnecessary direct sun
digestive system gets a chance
exposure.
to rest, it helps in excreting
several toxins from the body, Try to wear loose and light
and thus leaving one as a dresses. If going out, then
fresh and healthy personality. cover your head and face with
some shades like umbrella.
This year, we are going to
observe fast in the hottest Avoid unnecessary physical
summer days of the year. So activities which may lead to
to save the body from dehy- excessive sweating.
dration, I would share some Taking showers or wrapping
tips. a towel, soaked in ice water 
Drink plenty of water (up to around head and face may
12 cups) between Iftar and control body temperature and
Suhoor. thus would avoid excessive
water loss from body. 
Artificial sweets, caffeine,
nicotine, spicy & oily foods All diabetics, heart patients,
keep you thirsty. So avoid kidney patients or those
taking soft drinks, excessive suffering from some chronic /
tea, coffee and smoking etc. debilitating disease, should
visit their consultants before 
Fresh fruits & vegetables
Ramadan and follow the
which contain high water
advice of relevant specialist
contents e.g. watermelon,
doctor.
cucumber are highly recom-
mended. 
54

he immersed himself heart waged a campaign trying to and soul into the language.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message Commandments or Prohibitions in Islam By: Ayatollah Muhammad Jawad Chirri About the Author: Ayatollah of America in response to an Muhammad Jawad Chirri is invitation by the Muslims in Lebanese by birth and a gradu. Does Islam have any com- During the year 1949. awaken the people of southern Within a short time. he wrote about ble position. Michigan. he taught Lebanon and urging them to rise himself English well enough to in order to gain usurped rights in serve the Muslims of the Detroit the Lebanese society. the author mandments. regular American school but hammad Jawad Mughniyya. was considered to be a orded in the Old Testament. The author ***** honored this righteous request by Wilson: Both Christianity and writing a book called The Judaism preach the Ten Caliphate in the Islamic Constitu. he Najaf in Iraq. The book. When he returned from American born Muslims because Najaf to Lebanon. Ayatollah he did not know English. about the caliphate. When he ate of the Islamic Institute of arrived in the United States. novelty in Islamic dialogue. Later he became a well- During that period. the late Imam known lecturer and scholar on Abd al-Husayn Sharaf al-Din Islam throughout the US. Detroit. Too old to become a student in a ble personality. the urged the author to write a book Middle East. Islam. unable to communi- Islamic jurisprudence and its cate with the Americans and the basis. the anxious to spread the word of author of many valuable books. and Africa. Jawad Chirri and the unforgetta. in spite of its revealed to Moses and rec- small size. Shaykh Mu. Before reaching the found himself in an uncomforta- age of 25. and are they the immigrated to the United States same or similar? 55 . area. Commandments which were tion.

for them a severe chas- 3." (17:22) nor of them. Moses. To lose hope in mercy of represent disobedience to the God: ". The deni- the Quranic commandments." immoral or unethical or (7:99) unhealthy or because they 5. what they do!" (58:14-15) nized by the Qur'an.." (12:87) constitute a major sin.And despair not of devotional duties. as Jesus. Some is a denial of Islam. To deny any of the tisement. cy of God except the dis- the violation of which may believing people. and Noah.. Abra- ments are only a portion of ham. Evil indeed is prophets who are recog. seen those who take for sociate not any other god friends a people with with the Almighty. To ascribe to God a God falsely: "Have you not partner or associate: "As. while they 2. To deny revelation of God know. These the mercy of God.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH Chirri: The Ten Command. A Muslim is prohibited: 6. To swear in the name of 1. and they swear falsely. 4. of them are prohibited be. Surely prohibitions may be regarded none despairs of the mer- as Islamic commandments. Some of them are against the plan of God prohibited because they are except the losing people. God has prepared to His prophets. lest whom God is wrathful? thou sit down despised They are neither of you forsaken. To feel safe in opposition cause they contradict some of to God: "Are they secure the doctrines in which a against the plan of God? Moslem is supposed to But none feels secure believe. al of the revelation or any Islam commands its followers of the recognized prophets to avoid many things. such 56 .

" (83:1-3) amongst you. Surely God knows weighing in selling or pur- what you do." said the Prophet. none but Him. To break a covenant turning to join a company. and do neuvering for battle or good to the parents. Who when they 8...." (8:16) oaths after making them 11.. To be traitor to the right nigh to the orphan's fund. To steal. To use an orphan's fund appear before your in a way that is not in his Lord." (17:33) ers or weigh out for them "Your lives and properties they give less than is are sacred and inviolable due. interest: "And draw not 8.. If 57 . To insult one's own turns his back to them parent: "And thy Lord has (the aggressors) on that decreed that ye worship day (of fight). cause of one's own nation. till he attains his maturity. and an evil destina- nant. by retreating at the battle- surely the covenant will be field when the nation is inquired to!" (17:34) defending itself against aggression: "And whoso 14. not the soul which God take it fully.. and break not the tion it is. deliberately: "And fulfill he indeed incurs God's the covenant of God when wrath and his refuge is you have made a cove. To kill a human being take the measure (of their premeditative: "And slay dues) from the people. made God your 12. 9. fast. except in a goodly way. hell." (16:91) chasing: "Woe to the cheaters. and you have. unless ma. To cheat in measuring or surety. To help defeat it militarily and fulfill the covenant. until you 13. in- deed. and when has forbidden except for they measure out to oth- the just cause.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message 7.

and God cants and games of knows." exposing to those who do (17:32) not know." (17:23-24) 17. To drink intoxicants: "O ment in this world and the you who believe. cerning the believers. on the them reach old age with day when their tongues. have they will know that God is mercy on them as they the Manifest Truth." (24:19) abomination. while you know chance… are only an not. that you "Those who scandalize may succeed. To gamble. To commit adultery: "And purpose of protecting your go not nigh to fornication. nor chide them. say not "Fie" to their hands. intoxi- Hereafter. On And lower to them the that day God will pay wing of humility of mercy. nation or yourself. so shun it. what they used to do. 18. believing women desires only to create en- (who are) careless. thee. the devil's work. them their just dues and and say: My Lord. The devil virtuous. doing: "… And spy not nor especially women: "Those backbite each other…" who love to see that scan. and their feet them. and testify against them as to speak to them kind words. Theirs will cants and games of 58 . will have a grievous chastise." brought me up (when I (24:23-25) was) little. To spy on others for no 15. 20. To backbite others. To scandalize people. And evil is the way. some shameful 16. (49:12) dal should circulate con- 19. cursed mity and hatred among are they in this world and you by means of intoxi- the Hereafter.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH one of them or both of be an awful doom. surely it is an obscenity.

To conceal a testimony you from the remem. To lie deliberately or will) after he heard it. or the ken by another person: meat of an animal on "And obey not any mean which the name of other swearer. To deliberately hinder a (This does not include good cause. . Knowing. going than God is invoked when about with slander. his heart is surely sinful. To oppress the people. and that that.) 27. To spread hatred by conveying to a person a 23. 59 . And who- this prohibition?" 5:93-94 ever conceals it. sin- itself. transgress- den you only what dies of ing beyond the limits. . notoriously mischie- over which (a name) other vous. and to prevent 25. And God 21. (2:283) 22. To eat meat of an animal bad word about him spo- that dies by itself. To eat or drink blood." (68:10-13) than the name of God is invoked (when it is 28. To eat pork or any swine's knows what you do. To violate the terms of a slaughtered)…" (2:173) dead man's will: "Then whoever changes it (the 24. and blood. Surely God "Only they forge lies who is Hearing. the testify falsely or falsify the sin of it is only upon those word of God willingly: who change it. besides all flesh of swine. defamer. 26." believe not in the messag- (2:181) es of God. and they are the liars. hin- it is slain: "He has forbid- derer of good. transfusion of blood for necessity. So will you obey not testimony. and the ful." (16:105) 29." products. when called to testify in brance of God and from litigation: "… And conceal prayer. ignoble.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message chance.

To neglect the duty of on the people: "And turn pilgrimage to Mecca this not thy cheek in scorn to. not any self-conceited 38. 31.. when he envies.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH 30. looking down 37. To neglect any of the five dered you from the Sacred daily prayers. To aid an oppressor: ties of kinship if you come ". one another in sin and 36. from the evil of The last five are regarded as things created … And from major sins. who is physically and fi- lence. To be envious. wishing good and avoid evil when People ill: "Say: I seek such an advice is needed refuge in the Lord of the and likely to be effective. To be proud.And let not hatred of a to power?" 47:22 people because they hin- 34. because the the evil of the envious prayer." poor in the self-supporting (5:9) person's wealth. and help not a legitimate excuse.. has to be done once in a wards people. To neglect the duty of boaster. you be making mischief in the land and cut off the  60 . Surely God is this is the share of the severe in requiting (evil)." making pilgrimage and 33. To withhold the "Zakah" aggression. nor go life-time by every person about in the land in inso. And help one 35. paying Zakah." (31:18) advising the people to do 32. Surely God loves nancially able to make it. dawn. Mosque incite you to make aggression. fasting. To break fasting in the another in righteousness days of Ramadan without and piety. To antagonize a relative enjoining good and prohibiting for no right cause: "Will evil are Quranic duties.

(Al Baqrah: 2. O you who believe! Fasting is Taseen Ali has just finished prescribed for you as it was his board examinations. Also. scorching heat and a tough Syeda Zarfishan just got season in Karachi these free from her class 9th days. He prescribed for those before will try to spend most of his you. we met with Shameer. Also he will spend have for this Rama. he will Ramadan is again here with start studying translation of its glory and blessings. She is determined fast. little kids love to follow the Also she will help mom in the order of Allah to observe kitchen. We met some of our to complete the recitation friends to ask them about of whole Quran during the their plans as to how they sacred month. It is the Quran. evening he would read good ed By: Dr Sana Sadiq) story books along with kids living in the neighbourhood. a class 10th student. 61 . Despite the challeng.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message are going to spend the time Kids during these long and hot days amid the summer vacations in schools. his afternoons in studying dan? his course books while in (A Survey Report conduct. 183) during fast. that you may become time in worshipping Allah pious . exams. She has plans to ing climate. Corner First. many of our relax for most of the time. He told that he would try to attend all congregations in the What plans do you mosque.

The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH Fatima Zehra is a student of My First Fast seventh standard. she placed on the daily lives of would join special Islamic Muslims. They are not courses in madressah. Muslims observe fasting. anything from dawn till the In leisure time she loves sunset. She has decided to the first time in my life. Also she has Quran was sent down from decided to spend time in Heaven. reading story books. This is hours and attends classes the month when the Holy after aftaar. helping mom in home chores. spend leisure time in playing It was two years ago when I with cousins and during their was eight-year-old boy. My mother was Islamic stories. few years she joins special Age: 10 years Ramadan courses in madressah. I still remember the day Samiya Naveed studies in while I observed fast for class 4. For last Muhammad Jabeer Raza. a little reluctant as she  knew it was always difficult for me to control my hunger 62 . What does fasting mean? She told us that initial two It is a holy practice when days will be spent in the certain restrictions are school. She allowed to eat or drink helps mom in kitchen as well. She would fast. During vacations. During this month. I play she will try to teach decided to observe my first them good things. She fills her Ramadan is the 9th month of activity calendar during day the Islamic calendar. My parents supported tell them some exciting the decision. Sakina studies in class 6.

dates and quenched our This is against the essence thirst with sips of water. Before sunset I had a wonderful day at my grandmother sat with me school and not for even a and recited the verses of single moment did I feel holy Quran. Allah verses through translation. really helps us if we decide It really helped me under- to follow His path. refrain from all during the fasting. yogurt worshipping Him. we offered passing their time. I offered us and expects from us to prayers with my father at do and follow. After the hungry or thirsty. I was the activities prohibited quite excited at sehri time. After stand what our religion tells returning home. during fast and spending as Mom served mutton gravy much time as is possible in with parathas.Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH The Message or thirst. I tried not and lassi. on a Maghribain. of fasting! Fasting does not Everyone congratulated and mean that we have to remain hugged me on my determina- hungry and thirsty alone. watching movies fast with eating some fine and playing computer games. my first fast I also helped my parents in began!! arrangements for a Roza Kushai party. the mosque. tion. We opened our fasting day. salad. the mosque. But my father our time in doing good deeds assured her of my spirits especially for the benefit of and ability to manage myself humankind. As the azaan for to forget all such things and Fajr prayers blared from offered my prayers in time. she explained the amazed at my spirits. Finally as the call to prayers I have seen many kids was given. All of us then had the Allah expects us to spend 63 . I was recitation.

I shall arranged a hot meal for him. it would working in a garden for be provided before he left. Insha’Allah.The Message Ramzan-ul-Mubarak 1438 AH scrumptious food prepared and pointed him towards a by my mother. Since then I observe few fasts every year. who himself when fasting would be welcomed the stranger and obligatory for me. The some food aside for the kind stranger was touched by gardener down the road who this offer and accepted.S. the flat bread to eat. He lives on simple teeth. The Holy Imam Hasan Mujtaba (A. guest house where free meals were given to all. when he was handed some When he heard this. The man showed The stranger said that he him the way and then invited had no family but was putting him to share his meal.) (A) told him to eat peaceful- Once a stranger arrived in ly. the Caliph of the his knee. let alone with his Muslims. never quit a single fast in my After a while. The gardener saw in front of him. He tried dipping it food so that no needy into some water but that did subject may be embarrassed not help. directions. (A) saw that the stranger was eating one morsel and  putting one morsel in a bag Kindness of Imam on his side. the Holy Imam life." the stranger's discomfort  64 . But had only hard bread to eat. "That is my could not even break it on father Ali. and if he needed extra Kufa and asked a man food for his family. I am The guest house belonged to waiting for the right age Imam Hasan (A). he found Holy Imam (A) smiled and that it was so hard that he informed him.

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