Está en la página 1de 94

GB 501832004

Code for fire protection design of petroleum


and natural gas engineering

2004-11-04 2005-03-01


281

Code fire protection design of


petroleum
and natural gas engineering GB 501832004200531311(1)
(2)(3) 322 323 404 518(4) 521 522
GB 501832004
523524531611641648657658
671687732 733831842 843845
846847848854856861911922
9231022()
GB 5018393
2 O O 5 3 1


00


2004

[2001]87O00
00
GB 5018393

103

GB
5018393
1

2
3


1


(
3100083)

1 (1)
2 (2)
21(2)
22(3)
23(4)
3 (6)
31(6)
32(6)
4 (9)
5 (14)
51(1 4)
52(1 5)
S3(2 2)
6 (2 4)
61(2 4)
62(2 5)
63(2 6)
64(2 8)
65(2 9)
66(3 2)
67(3 4)
68(3 7)
69()(3 9)
7(41)
7 1 (4 1)
7 2 (4 2)
7 3 (4 2)
1
8 (4 4)
8 1 (44)
8 2 (4 4)
101
8 3 (4 8)

8 4 (5 0)

85(5 3)
1O2
8 6 (5 4)

8 7 (5 6)
103
8 8 (5 6)

8 9 (5 7)

9 (5 9)
104
91(5 9)

9 2 (5 9)
9 3 (61)
lO (6 3)
10 1 (6 3)
10 2 (6 3)
10 3 (64)
10 4 (6 7)
A (6 9)
B (70)
(71)
(7 3)
219 boil over

2
22

221 fixed water cooling fire sys-


21
terns
211 oil ()
()
222semi-fixed water cooling fire
212 crude oil systems

213natural gas liquids(NGL)
223 mobile water cooling fire sys-
terns
214liquefied petroleum gas(LPG)

224low-expansion foam fire extin-
215natural gasoline guishing systems
20
190~C 225fixed low-expansion foam
firl~extinguishing systems
216gas condensate

217stabilized gas condensate 226semi-fixed low-expan-
sion foam fire extinguishing systems

218liquefied natural gas(LNG)
2 2 7 mobile low-expansion
foam fire extinguishing systems
2 3
shallow plate
05m
228 smoke fire extinguishing systems
239 atmospheric tank
69kPa()
229dry-powder fire extinguishing systems 2310low-pressure tank
69kPa1034kPa()

2311 pressure tank
O1MPa()
23 2312dike
231petroleum and gas station
2313dividing dike
()
232oil station
2314control centre

233natural gas station 2315instrument control room

234LPG and NGL station 2316nominal volume of tank

2317natural gas treating plant
235liquefied natural gas(LNG)station
2318natural gas conditioning plant
236a group of tanks
2319natural gas sulphur removal station
237IX tank farm
2320natural gas dehydration station
238 internal floating roof tank with
4 5


3
322
322
322
31

311 3
Vp(m )
1311 V1 (m )
3

311
Vp100000 V1>5000

30000Vp<100000 2500< V15000
A 37.8>200kPa
4000<Vp<30000 1000< V12500
B l<28(A)
2<10() 500<Vp4000 200< V11000
A 128<45
210 Vp500 V1200
B 45<60

A 60120

B
3.2.3
>120 4 3
110010 m d
4 3
2 40010 m d

3 4 3 4 3
210010 m d5010 m d
460 4 3
180 40010 m d
4 3
200x 10 m d
A 4 3
5010 m d
4 3
32 35010 m d
4 3
20010 m d
3.2.1
4 3
6
5010 m d
7

(
) 4

401

40.2

4O.3


40.4
404

4O4
4.0.5
521523

4O6

4.O7()407


4.O.8

521
4 3
1210 m hlOm12
4 3 4 3
x10 m h410 m h40m
8 9
404 (m)
l 2 3 4 5
100 100



100 75 70 50 40

80 60 60 45 35
60 45 50 40 30

40 35 40 35 25

30 30 30 30 20

120 90 120 60 55

100 75 100 60 50
80 60 80 50 45


60 50 60 50 40

50 45 50 40 35

120 120 120 80 80

1
3 18
25
50m
) l125015m(
2AAB123
335kV10000kVA 25B
4l3 10000kVA35kV25
550
6 8410 10050m
7B

10 11
407()(m) 407

35kV
40 20
1.5

100

45 25 35kV

40 20
125MPa
100

50
40 20 2

30 15

30 20

15 10

40 20


15 10

35kV 40 20

13
12
516
5 517 22m
(35kV)
15m
()1.5m
51 ()()
5m
511 518
l


512 2
1
3

0.15m
2 4
5

3 52

521
4 521


51335kV() 521
522

514 l 521

515 25221
3()
5222
14
15
521 (m)


3
4 35kV
5








3
6 50000m 25
7
8 AB()
9 67
()
lO *
11 17
16

5221(m) 5222

^ B^ B
lOkV
B
A 25 B


A
A


BA 20 20

A 22.5 22.5 15
B 15 15 10
15 15 9
B A
(

B 9 9 7.5
5222(m)


1
lOkV



B
B 2
A
A

lOkV
15 3


4
3 3
15 15 lOO m
B1000m

3 3
50 m BlOO m

A
22.5 15 9 9 9 7.5 5 .
6

BA
15 15 9 9 9 7.5

B 523
9 9 7.5 7.5 7.5
523
18 19
523
m)

1
15m
2


t
3


4 35kV521

5



6


7
8 AB
500m325()
9 ()()
259m
*
lO

20 21
524( 12m8
)30m 6

225m 90 45
5336m
()15m
5342.5m15m
525


25m
12m
526

15m

53

531

532
1

15m15m
2
3m80m
3

80m15m
4
5m
55m
22 23
617

6

618

61

6.1.1 619

6110

6111
6.l.2

l
2 6112
200mm
6.1
3
6113()()
1 06m
06m 6114
2 ()
3
6115
6.14 l 0.5MPa()
6.1.5 2
6.l.6 3
2
150m

62

6.21
24 25
1
3
3
2 20m
3 3
8m 20m 30m 15m 4

5
622
632
623
l
624 2m

1 2 2

2
633 (
625 )

626 6324

635
627 ()
636

63
637
631 8
1
2 150kW 638

26 27

647
639
648
1.5m 1
9m
2
6310 3


631l 4
lm 250mm
2m

6312 5
6313
1
2 65
2 2000m
2
500m 651
3 652
64 l
2
641 0.8m 3
642 4
653BA


643
521
523 654
644
3
l 120000m
3
6450.8m 2 600000m
655
3
646200m 3
l 1000m 12
3
2 1000m B
28
29
2
656
3
l1000m O.5m
4 3
2
5m 0.2m
3m 1.Om2.2m(
657657 )0.5m
4
657


5
1000m3O6D

1000m3 O.4D 0.8m

06D
0.75D 6 05
A O.4D
>1000 m3 5m 200mm24h
B 0.8m
1000 m3 2m
1
7
3
2 D1000 m jj
6.5.l0
3
4 ()O.6m
3 3 3m
5 300 m 1500 m
3m
6 AO
4D15m
6511
15m l
6.58
2

6.59
3
1

30 31
3
6512 6000 m
3
5000 m 0.2m
6513
1 O.2m
665
230m
330m 666(
4 )
56511 1
3
6514500m 3m
1.Om 2
6 5 15 4m
7m
667

66

661 6.6.8
()20m
0.6m 6.6.9
669
669

662

663
3
1220000m 1 D
2 2
664 6.610
32
33
1 l 608Om,
2 B
6611 3 8m
4 lOm,
6612
5
6m
672
6613
l 20m
2 15m
3
50m 673
1
6614
2.5MPa 2
6615 3 4m
6616 5m
3
lOO m 4B()
5 lOm
2m5m
6617 6 B()
673
6618 673(m)


6619 B
669 B
15 10
8 25

6 7
674
671 l
34 35
679
2 679 (m)

3 4m
4
5 67114
672
675
1

2
15m


3
4 68
5 lOm 681
6 1 0.07MPa
3
7 lO m 2 0.03MPa
8 O6m ()
9 2.5m 3

676 4

677 6.8.2
15m
6.8.3

3
678 6.8.4 lOO m
22
6.79
36 37
685

686
1

687
1

2 688

300m
68.9
3 l
4 -
5 30m

6 2

688 6.8.10
1 6.8.11
2 l
2
3 6.8.12
4 20m
2.Om20m
6885m
6.9()
5 lOm
2OmlO m 6.9.l ()
6885m ()
38
39

l
7
2
3
7 1
GBJ 16
692 711
712
GBJ 16 SYT 00151
693
SYT 0015.2
713
()
694
() 714
2
100m
695 SY 0007
lOkV 715

l 715
715
696 2 3kV 3~lOkV 35~66kV llOkV 220kV
8m 15m ()
1 (m) l.5 2.O 4.O 4O 5.0

1
697 2
698
2 ( )

2h
40 41
716 GB 50251
3m
732
0.0003MPa()

733

72 )GB 50251
72120C 734
0.1MPaO.6MPa

10m 735
5m GB 50251
()50
722 20C0.1MPa
DN200 736
GB 50253 GB 50251
()
1 30m
()10m
2
10m5m
3
10m716

73

731
()

42 43
1

8

2
30min(
81

811 )

1)2
812 3000L
2)2
3
813 30min
GB 50116
3
300m 1)50000 m
3
1525mm2.5m 5000 m
3 3
814500m 20000 m l
3
2)100000 m
3
815 5000 m
3
20000 m 2
3
1 3)600000 m
2 4

816 5
30min1
3000L2
6 822826
82

8
21
44 45
824

822
1


200m
100m () 68 46 36 810 10~12
2

50m
3

15m 0

25m30m

823
1

2
2 1
2
3 3
2
4 1)
2)
5 3)36
6 4)
5)
7 50m
3
824

1 4
824
47
46
5
10070
8.3.3
6
5
825
1 825
825 (t) 2
834()

l ()

()

32 30 26 32 36
2 ()()
7 5 2 12 18
2 2 2 4 6 ()
3
3 ()1000m
211 ()96h
30min1 4 ( )
826 150m
GB 50313 835
I 1

0.1MPa
83
2
831 15m
3
1015Ls
4
60m
832 15m
48 49
210m
3
4 50000 m
3
1)31 100000 m
150mm100mm265mm
265mm R 44
2) GB 50151
100mm 8 45
3
65mm1 l 10000 m
3
526 5OOOO m o
3 3
65mm20m2 2 10000 m 500 m
3
65mm19mm 50000 m
5m
3
6 3 500 m
2565mm20mPQ8
PQ41 846
5m 1 1.5
3
84
3
841 2
3
842
3
1 10000m 847
3
50000m 1
847
3
2 7m200 m 2 6.OL
2 2
minm 3.OLminm
3
3 12 50 m h
3
3
84320000 m 12
50 51

12m()
847


3 3
841l200m lOO m
16mm 19mm 3 3
500 m lOO m
O.6Lsm O.8Lsm
l
0.45Lsm O.6Lsm

0.35Lsm O.5Lsm
85

O.2Lsm 851
2.5Lminm2
3


2.OLmin m 2
85250 m
3
1 2.OLmin m2 20 m
3 3
2 ()50 m 20 m
16mm810m9mm911m

84820m
6h
4h1h 83
849
1
3060 20 Ls
2 854
2
1 O.15Lsm
3
2 ()1.5
2
O.15Lsm
4 3m
8.5.5
300mm300mm
5 1 4L
2
6 minm
3
84104000m 2 2L
2
52 minm 53
8.6.2
856
856 15m
856 30L/s
8.6.3
3
(m ) <500 500~2500 >2500 041.OMPa
3
(m ) 100 <400 t400
30 45 3
(L/s) 20 0.0015kgm s
8.6.4
3 3
857220 m 50 m
3h6h l 812
858
2 8.6.5
859
3
l400 m 3
2 GBJ 16
15m 8.6.5
3

86 3
5000 m
861
8.6.6

8613h 861
861
(L/s) 8.6. 7
45
30
20 8.6.8
4 3
5010 m /d

54 55

87
882 5min
871
883
O.15MPa60m
872

884

l 885
45L/s 1 2
2
30L/s 2
3 30Ls
4 20Ls 3
5 16Ls 4 300mm
6 8Ls
7 60m 886
1h30min
89
8.7.3
891 ()
1 45L/s, ))GBJ 140
3h
215Ls
892
3h

8 8 1
10
881
5%2

2

31
56
57

2
309m
893 9

8 9 4
91

911
)GB 50052




912
20min
913

92

921
GB 50057
922
4mm
923

1 ()
58
2 B
4mm()

59
3 () 1 ()
2 ()()
4 () 1
2 3
2
25mm 10
2
16mm 93
1.8mm 931
924 2
30m || 9.3.2
925 10
30 1
926 2

4 200300m
927 () l
933
1 ()()2
(
18m
)
lOmlOm12m8m |
934
2 ()

()
935
()
928 ()
l 40da() 936 ()
()218m
2 () 1
() 2
() 3
929 B 4
937IOO
60 61
9.3.8 (
)()
10

10.1
1011
1
2
i012
A
10
13






1014



102
1021
1022
l ()
2 ()
3
4 ()
1023

1024

63
62
1025
3
l 3000m lOmin
322 404 4 2
3
2 30000 m 5
05km ()
3 12
6
1 1034 ()
4 131034 ()
1035 l ()
103

1031 2 ()
02150
3
1032265 m
12 2
1) 4000W m 50
3000m
2
2)9000Wm
1033
1 lOOkPa 2
3)30000Wm

3
1)()
2)()
1035 103421)2)
2 lOOkPa

1
3
65
64
3
2 3 0.5m
25 1037 30m
3 15m
1)
521
lO38
0

2) 104
lOmin
3) lO41

1h
1036 1042
1 265m31036
265m3lO36
10341035
1036

(m) (m) (m) 1043
O5 O O l
0.51.9 3 1
1.97.6 4.6 1.5 2
7.656.8 7.6 1.5
56.8114 15 1.5 3
114265 23
265 O730 1/41.5 4
2
3
O.9m 1044 30000 m
66 67

1045
l265m A

2
204L A

minm

3 A

B
200mh
A

4 B
A

1046 B

3000m

60
GB 50196
lO47
6055

40

lO48

1049

68 69
B

l
1

2
3 () 1)
4
5 2)
6
7 3)

8
9
10 2
11
12

13

71
70

1 (7 7)

2 (80)

GB 501832004 3 (81)
31 (8 1)
32 (8 4)

4 (88)
5 (9 4)
51 (9 4)
52 (9 6)
53 (9 9)
6 (102)
61 (102)
62 (105)
63 (106)
64 (107)
65 (108)
66 (115)
67 (119)
68 (121)
69 () (128)
7 (130)
71 (130)
72 (132)
73 (133)
75
8 ( 13 7)
8 1 (137)
8 2 (138)
1
8 3 (142)
8 4 (144)
1O1
85(157)

8 6 (162)

8 7 (165)

8 8 (166)

8 9 (168)
102
9 ( 1 7 0 )

9 1 (170)

9 2 (170)

93(173)

10 (175)

101(175)
GB 50253
102 (176)
GB 50251
103(178)
()
103 (179)

GB 5018393102

GB 5018393
.
()




77
76



GB
5005892232

1995
103199842920026 SY 002595(
29 SYJ 2587)9()


6111
GB 50160}GB 50074

1O4

78
79
3
2
31

311
))GBJ 1687


))GBJ 1687



1 A
GB 5018393
AB
37.8>200kPa


(38)200kPaA
B37.8>200kPaA

1)()GB 90531998
174200kPa2
<74kPa()<88kPa()
()37.8
2)GB 905211998
378()485kPa
80
81
(LPG)GBT 660289

3)40CsC411566kPa 120180
151.3kPa377kPa528kPa
()B
()B
4)))NFPA 30 ))NFPA 30
))API RE 65.6
500
378276kPa() API RP 500
<378
276kPa()
2
GB 50183931993
800
200200


()
3



() 1)))NFPA 30
1209718097 (378<
12042180 60)(60)
331801180
17

83
2) 3031
API RP 500

3)
(2155)
(55100)(1)
(2)(1)(2)(1)(1)
(2)(2)

4)GB 5016092 322
(1999)
BA
4
A
20021
1 1
GB 252200010501020
55
3
GB 2521994510A 100000m
3
B 50000m
3
() 100000m
3
500m
3 3
6055 200m 500m
40
50()

32

321
84 85
4 3
40010 m d






3
30m

2
GBJ 16
618
6
3
5000m 3167
3
1502007001000m
3
2012500m 5278200400
3
1000m
3 3
2012500m 15650200m
3 3
200m 15630m

323

4 3
5010 m d
86 87


4


4O1
()




(

)()


402



30



()



4O3
89
88

404
35kV
120m
4100
404 (1993)

4O4(1993) 100
4O4 255m
1 30m

4O4(1993
)
404 ()
2 5
lOm(5m)
25 6
3


60m 35kV60m
90m 50m
1lOkV35kV
3040ml2
lOOm30m30m 7
3040m

50m
45m 40m
1535 15

8

() 40m
1515 (3)
15 30m
35m40m
lm623m42
21
()15
GB 50028 45m
35kV40m 40m25MPa
100
9 50

10
100
()

405

521523
407

40m


(1)
40m
(2)
92 93
514
5



515
51

511 (1)

(2)
512

516


51_7
()()







518


513 35kV()



15cm
94 95

()
5

n
52
B
521 25
(
1SY 0025 )
15m B 25
BABA 6()
225m 08m(
2 )500m3
815m
2124m 25
()15m 7()

20m
3 ()

522
521
35kV 10m



4

()
GB 50160
()
3
30m 1030m B
96

BA

22.5m
A
524
225m
523 ()
3 3
200m 500m
3
500m
3
500m 100

()

15m

()
523

GB 5018393
525
()

4 3
5010 m d GB 5018393

SY 0025 526
10kV
22.5m
GB 50183 15m
() 53
531
3
50 m
3
100 m
3 3

100m 200m
532

1
98
99
533

6m
6m

15m15m 534
25m

2 3m
lm

80m
120m

15m

5
180mlOm
O.9
(180-lO)09=153m120m

80m
101
lOO


6



61
614
611
()
615


616

2
150m


612613


1







GB 50058
O.6m
102
103

()

6112





6114
617
30 6115
618
619





6110 ()
62

6111 621
()




624
104

625


626
639GB
5016092(1999)4617
63
6310
631
631l
150kW

6313

632

(
)

64
633
641




636 0.8m
637 642643

638
107
106
1
3
500m 08m


644


SYT 0511
}SYT 05251


}SYT 0512
645


08m
647


648 3


65
4
651

653

85




654
652 4 3
108 1010 m
109
3
2104m


6.5.5 2)
20

3
n1000m
7m

6.5.6
20min2.3m



e
3
1000m
4 3)


5m 50 60
3m
6.5.7
3
1 ()3512 10005000m 0.6D
3
1000m
0. 5D
4)05
07D
2
1) 5)
0.448

110 ll
0.4D 2
3

1)NFPA 30(2000 ( m3)
( m3)
)1 (
50000 200000 30m
l 05D


120000
<50000
I A 50000 200000 30m
065D
45m
120000
1/6 0.9 1/6 0.9m 1/6 0.9 <50000
075D

1/6 1/4 1/6 45 120000
>45m 45 075D
50000 80000

1/4
3 3
4000m 400m
3
1 477m l
O9m 3)(IP)2
2 bI
(1998)
O9m 3
a60000m 0.5D
NFPA 30
10m15m
I<37.837.8<60A 3
120000m 45m10m45m
60<93B93 15m
2)1970 3
b8000m 10m
3
120000m 14m
0.5D20m0.65D30m 658
(45)
3
80000m O.75D30m(
>45)120000m3O.5D20m
CHH
21103932 659
112 113
l

3)
15cm
2 l000 6
4h 2


6510
4h
3m
3 2.20m 3m
0.2m 651l
1

lm
1918
(
4 )


5 2()

1)(200mm)


O3 66

2) 6 .61
114 115
12000
6
12API Std
2510(2001)11353

lft(03m)
666
06m 3m
06m IE
API Std 2510(2001)11353

100
669

API Std 2510(2001) GBJ 1687(2001)
11.3.5.3 GB 5002893(2002)
100
GB 50028 GB 5016092(1999)



6.6.2 1

NFPA 58(1998)936
3
265m API Std
6.6.36.6.4 2510(2001)11312
GB 5016092(1999)
6610 API 2510352
API Std 2510(2001)5.1.2.2
116
117
1API 2510357
24 67

671()
()
6612





672


6736
>>GBJ 1687(2001)4410

6613
GN 1687(2001)4498m
GB 5016092(1999
)5311API Std 2510(2001)11512
6614GB 5016092(1999 NFPA 59
)5316 674
2.0MPa 1.6
MPa2.5MPa4.0MPa
2.5MPa
6616
675
1
118
119
3
6 10m

679


2
l
GBJ 1687(2001)462

GB 50028
2 API Std
4000 2510NFPA5915m
679




3 3

68
4
681
1 O.07MPa()

5 5 2
71520810 ()
0.03MPa
()
684GB 5002893
120 121
(2002)
685

2 (
0.5l.0MPa)


API RP521

10
687
()78 1

Pe=PfTe/f(me/f) (1)
Pe(kPa)() API RP 521
Pf(kPa)() 1)
T e T f (K) ()
m e / m f (
N2)
686 2)



1

05
DNl00 0.2
40m 3
2
(4MPa) O.791.04kWm

122 123
12 PO(kPa)()

3( V(ms)


q(kWm )
2
L
1.58 1
3.16

4.73


6.31

1min


9.46


2

g6
3kwm


3) Q(kw)
1

d =[0.161W
mP ( KM)]
0.5 0.5
T Q=HLW (4)
Q(kW)
HL(kJkg)
d(m)

w(kgs)

m
2
T(K)
K YcXc
M
P(kPa)() Y C =O . 5 [ ( Y L ) L ] (5)
X c =0 . 5 [ ( X L ) L ] (6)
125
-6 2
P=P0 (1-60.1510 MV T) (3)
124
F4
2
q(kWm )3
YcXc(m)
R(m)
h(m)


30 150m

100 1/16 30.5 1/16
0.79( r ) ( D ) (8)

r ()
2 D (m)(3)
(3) 4F
(mm) 5.1 9.1 190 410 840 2030 4060
H2 O095 O091 O097 O111 O156 O154 O169
F
F= C4H10 0.215 0.253 0.286 0.285 0.291 0.280 0.299
/ CH4 0.103 0.116 0.160 0.161 0.147

(CH4 95%) 0.192 0.232

2
3
837MJ/m

688

3 API RP521
150m/s
H=
[ FQ
4q(R-Xc)
2
] 0.5 (7)

689
H (m)

Q (kW)
127
126




6810
694

2
6812 lOOm


69() 695lOkV
691()
()

()

696
500C

698 025h
692
2h

693

128 129
715
66kVGB 5006197
7
110 500kV DL T
50921999

71 716
1 1987
7.11
2 TB 10063 99
2O.8
- 30m 3m 30m
SYJ 143.0.5
GB 502532003
712 4.1.5
GB 50253GB 50251 3m30m

3
713 50Hz
() 30m

714 4 JTG B012003
SY 00071999 (
)()
1m
3m 2m


SY 00071999


130
131
()
72

721
() 0.72O.65m

100

722
CHH-2.05.068520
ASME B31.8 O.1MPa
ISO 136232000
200.1MPa
DN200
ASME B31.4 DN200
() ISO
136232000SYT 0004
CHHH2.050685 9806
GB 502532003
GB 502512003 ()
ASME B31.84 GB 5002893(1998)
GB 502532003
()
73

06MPa 731}GB 50183


() 93F
(PN<1.MPaF0.6PN>1.6MPaFO.5)
()(PN
1.6MPaDN>400
() 40mPN=1.64.0MPaDN>40060m
132 133
PN>4.0MPaDN40075m) 5 CO,


(MPa)
< O.05
0.05O.21

H2SC02 > 0.21

H2S0.0003MPa()C0 2 < O.05


O.05O.21

> O.21

C020.21MPa
(H2S)
()
C02C02
()H2S

733H2SC02
1)
2)H2S
3) H2SC02
4)
732H2SC02
H2SC02H2SC02
SYT 05991997
0.2MPa
O.4MPa()
0.0003 MPa() 734

SYT 51272002AA2 H2SC02
C025
134 135
PD
=
2Ft C
C (cm)(
8
C0.1O.6cm)

81
GB 50251F0.6
735 811





736
812
GB 5025 1




813



814641
08m

815

137
136
20
32min
30min


816 GB 500742003
))(1993)
3 2
100000m 20m
100000500000ma1
3
500000 m 2

82

821

5min

5min
2
7km
2
4km







GB 5015192(2000) 721


2
6.0Lminm 40min 822
138 139


1989

1997



824


(1993)()

40m40m

GB 5016092(1999)

50m70m40m
23h
GB 500742002

40m
824



50m

100m


823



141
140


70
825

833


11


825

826


GB 50313
5
119


45s

834


83

831
()()

()


GB 50151


2()()

()96h
832

48h
143
142
96h 19822
19822

O.448
O.448
0.69
0.69
835

l




1989
1989
()



1000C
1000C
0.1MPa(10m) 5min
5min
2 500C8lOmin
500C8lOmin
700C
700C
15m


3 2 19mm

1013Ls10

15Ls







2lOm




4 (84
(8 10
4 8
10 4
8 11)
411)
lOOmm

65mm

5



201925
201925
8.4 1937
1937



841

144 145
145

30min
3
200m

843
3
8421993 l 20000m



3
1 10000m GB 5015192(2000)
3
50000m 100Ls


2
50000m3



1993
3
2 200m 7m
3
7m 3 100000m

3 3
3 200m 10000m 5min
3 3
500010000m 5000m
3 3
50000m 20000m
3 3
10000m 5000m




30min I.
146 147



8451993 1 (LD)

842

1974
19761987
3
5000m

17m 6
23min
3
17m 19745000m 1.5
3
10000m
2
1989812 2.17kWm 2.39kWm
3 2 3
955520000m 4.45kWm 19765000m
125 11.3m
3 2
420000m 123 153.07kW/m
3 2 2
10000m 494kWm 582kWm

2
4kW/m 20s
2 2
125kW/m 375kWm
2
4kW/m





7
84619937331
1.332.14
1.62

.
149
148
6
2
(m) 2
(kW/m )

L/D h
1.5 1OH 6.88 7.76 8.26
1.5 0.5H 1.62 2.44 3
5.4 5.4 10000m 15min
1.5 1.0H 3.88 4.77 11.62
1974 37m
1.5 1.5H 8.58 9.98 17.32
1O 1OH 6.30 6.80

13.41
22.3 11.3 1.5 1OH 2.52 2.83 4.91 3 2
2.0 1OH 2.17 2.39 4.45
1O 1OH 8.84 13.57 23.84
1976 22.3 11.3 1.5 1OH 4.42 5.93 9.25 847
2O 1OH 3.07 4.94 5.82
1.0 1OH 17.10 30.70 35.90
1
1.5 1.0H 9.50 17.40 18.0
5.4 5.4 (1)
1.5 1.8H 3.95 7.2 7.8

2.0 18H 2.95 4.95 6.10
1.0 1.0H 10.53 14.30 17.90
1987
1.0 1.0H 4.45 5.65 6.1 1962
22.3 11.3 3
1.5 1.8H 3.15 4.3 5.2 400 m
LDH O.635L/sm
7 O.478Lsm

2

2 2
(kg/m s) (D) (MJ/kg) (kW/m ) 0.6Lsm
O056 1.5 44 97.2 16mm
O053 41
19mmO.8Lsm
O.0425O047 O.9 41 73.O
O.033~0.042 O.7 60.0
1 810m/s30%50%
2 D
5.4m22.3m
2 12D
156D

1.5D3OD1.7D
150
151

2
25Lminm

1993
LminmLsm

0.6D0.5D
(2) 20C100C
1966 1465kJL8410.5D
3
100m 23.84kWm
3 2
O.49LsmO.82Lsm1000m 10Lminm
1.21.5Lsm
2
200325C 10Lminm
16.25
O.5Lsm ))1999
2
GBJ 16 2.0Lminm
GBJ 74 GB 500742002
0.5Lsm



05Lsm

3
100m 5.4m1966
0.49Lsm
2
6.0Lminm
13m5000ma (8)
2
05Lsm6013m23Lminm
25Lminm
152 153-




8 12

2
4
2
2L/minm
NFPA 15
1 10.2L/minm0 2
6L/minm

2

CHHIl2.11.0393 12m 12m
2 0.75L/sm 030L/sm
12m 12m 848
050L/sm 020L/sm 2
1954 10 300m ( 7m)
6h2070
3 2
2 2 5000m (23m)
19 10L/minm 2L/minm

2
45h
4h
20m

6h

4h

1h
6.O
2 2
Lrainm 3OLminm


3


154 849
1




3060

3
2 8411 200m
3
100m



3
3 3
200m 500m
3
4 100m


5
85
6
8410 851 LPG
30 LPGLPG(
)
7 LPG
3
0.9129gcm
84C190C520024 (
3
3000m )
1902312 (
)
1993
156 157
LPG450kg


LPG LPG

3 3
AB8000m 8900m
3 3 3
C4400m A180 50m 20m
5sA
35.5hBC
B6dCN23d
BC 853
LPG ()

LPGLPG
3
LPG 120m 20L/s



854

1
852() 1)


3


9.6Lminm
G
3

10Lminm

(API)
20 50 60

159
158
2
6L/minm 855
2
100C10L/minm


19821984
2030s
6Lminm
JJDugganCHGilmourPFFisher

2
63100Wm (19441ASME API
194310NFPA 2510A
2
89) O4.07Lminm
2
8.2Lminm
2
18930Wm (123
)
2)

2
10Lminm 856

3)
2
100m
2
(API) 400m
NFPA 15 t]
2 2
015Lsm 100m


857

2 2 2
220m 50m
3h6h
161

160
70Ls30min
6h6h
()

73830Ls
LPG 86150
10tmsd30LsPLE

3
200300m

LPG
4 3
5010 m d

4 3
20010 m d
4 3
5010 m d
3
400m
862 19mm
858 0.35MPa
0.35MPa17m19mm
3
50m
859

()


86

861
8637111
4 3
40010 m d SYT 0011966156
162
163
GB 5016092(1999)765

87
864865
871

866
BC GB 501562002




()
82

8 7 2 8 7 1


867



21
()

873

LPG


164 165
LPG
700C90

8min

5min
856


5min


88

88l


883






884

885
1

2
882
3 1


()
5min500C
5010min 4 300mm
166
167
894

886119

89

891

()

892GBJ 140
1990(1997)4O6
70

105

13

893
3O4
168 169


9 923

1()
91 2 B
911 4mm

(
)
4.5mm
4mm

4mmB()

3

()

912 4
20min ()
2
25mm
913



92
2
922 16mm 1.8mm
4mm
4mm
171
170
54mm 1()
() ()40da()
30
924 29272
2 929

925 1
()
2
20m9 ()1
22
()1
9() 3(
(m) )
100 100500 5001000 >1000
10 10 1015 1520 30
30 30 3045 4560 90
9.3
926
931
927 ()
1()

()
2 932

() 933
()() (
() )
928() 934
173
172
9.3.5

10

936

101

() 1011
12090


937
100
938
3
() 3000m (
)

2

()
3
30000100000m
3
20000m



3



1012
175
174
NFPA 59A

A
1013()162C
3
387000m
600 15m
112C156C LNG
1500m1300m


102 l NFPA 59A
3 3
265m 265m
3
1014 3000m GB 5002893(2002)
(LNG)NFPA 59A
3
30000m
3
49CFRl93 30000m

3
23000m
102
322
10211023
404




-6
10 NFPA 59A

4O4


GBT 502941999 3
3 30000m
0.5km
10.2.4NFPA 59A2.1
177
176
10.2.5
d(m)
4 3 2
4810 m A(m )
2
4 F5000W/m 3
2 2
9000W/m 230000W/m 0.8
2 2
5000Wm 4000Wm
10341035 33.5
10 3 5 NFPA 59A 49CFRl93
103

10.3.2 GRl0242DEGADIS
GB 5016092(1999) LNG
12 NFPA 59A(2001)
3 3
106m 3000m
1036NFPA 59A(2001)2.2.3.6
NFPA 59A 2.2.4.12.2.4.22.2.4.3
10.3.3 NFPA 59A 49CFRl93 1037
NFPA 59A
100

10.3 4 NFPA 59A 49CFRl93 NFPA 59A
1038-150C
GRl 0176"LNGLNG

2
4000Wm
3 2
NFPA59A5000W /m 4000Wm NFPA 59A
2
20s5000Wm 2223
2
4000Wm
104
NFPA 59A2
1041NFPA 59A912
d=FA
178 179


(1)LNG


(2)
NFPA 15

3 NFPA 59A(2001
(3) 3
)9463L/s226.8m h
(4) 3
200m h
(5)
GB 5016092(1999)792
(6)(ESD) 1046

lm
(7)ESD


(8) 2 2
57250m 21000m
2
6m1060m 95
(9)

(LNG)


1042 NFPA 59A49CFRl93 1500
1043NFPA 59A(2001)93
1047
3
1044 20000m

lO48NFPA 59A
lO45 lO49NFPA 59A
3
1 265 m
49CFR193.2817
2
180 181