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EXELTECH, INC.

Project: TRUSS TR23 Engineer: YP Project #


615 2nd Ave. Suite 660 Date: 26-Jun
Seattle, WA 98024 Subject: SAMPLE CONNECTION Checker: Page:
tel. (206)623-9646 Date:

ANALISIS DE CONEXIN EXCNTRICA A CORTE DE UN GRUPO DE TORNILLO Last updated: 25-Apr-02


Los siguientes clculos se complementan con el Manual de Diseo en Acero LRFD 2nd EdiTheory
Units: SI Details

Descripcin Del Problema Probando Hoja de clculo vs Tablas LRFD

INPUT OUTPUT BoltGroup


Copyright 2001
Vertical Force Horizontal Force Cortante ltimo = 64.58 kN Yakov Polyakov, PE
Py, kN -2 Px, kN 2 Angle to horizon, b = -45.00 deg yakov@yakpol.net
ex, mm -5 ey, mm 0 True eccentricity, e = 8.357 mm http://yakpol.net

Solved !
Descripcin del Tornillo A325 SH, 3/4" Dia.
Capacidad a corte de un Tornillo fRn = 15.9 kN 174.9

Localizacin del tornillo Y


Tornillo X Y 13.000
## mm mm
1 0 0
2 0 3
8.000
3 0 6 Px
4 0 9 e
5.680
5 3 0 b
4.091
6 3 3 3.000
7 3 6
8 3 9 0.000 Py ey
9 6 0 -6.000 -4.000 -2.000 0.000 2.000 4.000 6.000
-2.000 P
10 6 3 2 -2.479
11 6 6 ex

-7.000
X

Bolts
Instantenious Center of
rotation
Group Center
Descripcin Del Problema Probando Hoja de clculo vs Tablas LRFD

Maximum Force at connection fP = 64.58 kN Goto: Input


Connection is concentrically loaded 0 Theory

Vertical Force Py = -2.00 kN Eccentricity ex = -5.00 mm Angle b = -0.785 rad


Horizontal Force Px = 2.00 kN Eccentricity ey = 0.00 mm Eccen. e = 8.357 mm
Adjusted b = -0.785 rad
Bolt Parmeters Adjusted e = 8.357 in
fRn = 15.90 kN Instant. Center (IC) Bolt Group Center (CG)
Rmax= 15.61 kN Xo Yo Xc Yc
dmax = 7.01 mm 4.110 5.680 2.727 4.091

S(Rsinq) S(Rcosq) S(R*d)


Bolt force Bolt
Bolt to IC Bolt
Bolt Location angle to Shear 45.67 -45.67 675.44
Distance Displ.
horizon Force
Bolt ## X Y q d R D, in Rsinq Rcosq R*d
mm mm rad mm kN mm kN kN kN*mm
1 0 0 -3.77 7.01 15.61 0.34 9.15 -12.64 109.42
2 0 3 -4.13 4.91 15.07 0.24 12.63 -8.23 73.96
3 0 6 1.49 4.12 14.68 0.20 14.63 1.14 60.51
4 0 9 0.89 5.28 15.21 0.26 11.84 9.56 80.38
5 3 0 -3.33 5.79 15.36 0.28 2.95 -15.08 88.93
6 3 3 -3.53 2.90 13.62 0.14 5.21 -12.59 39.52
7 3 6 1.29 1.16 9.98 0.06 9.59 2.76 11.53
8 3 9 0.32 3.50 14.23 0.17 4.51 13.49 49.80
9 6 0 -2.82 5.99 15.41 0.29 -4.87 -14.63 92.28
10 6 3 -2.53 3.28 14.03 0.16 -8.08 -11.46 46.00
11 6 6 -1.40 1.92 12.06 0.09 -11.89 2.01 23.12
Solver
SRsin(q)/sin(d) -4.062 SRcos(q)/cos(d) -4.062 SR*d/(e+lo) 4.062
Psin(b) -2.872 Pcos(b) 2.87 P*lo 42.48
SRsin(q) 2.87 SRcos(q) -2.87 SR*d 42.48 Must be Zelo
Difference 0.0000 Difference -0.0001 Difference 0.0001 0.0000
BestGuess
Single bolt capacity multiplier Po 4.062 4.062
Dist. From 0,0 to Inst. Center lo 2.10 mm 2.102
Sideways dist. to Inst. Center mo 0.146 mm

For calculation purposes external force (Po) is always


positive and rotates boltgroup contrclockwise about it's
center (Xc,Yc). Eccentricity (e) is always positive as well. The
distance (lo) from boltgroup center to instantenious center
(Xo,Yo) can be negative but not less than -e.

Definition of Ranges
BestGuess_lo =Details!$R$8
BestGuess_po =Details!$R$7
betta =Details!$I$8
BigX =Details!$B$19:$B$68
ConcentricConn =Details!$E$4
d =SQRT((X-Xo)^2+(Y-Yo)^2)
dmax =Details!$B$12
e =Details!$I$9
ex =Details!$F$6
ey =Details!$F$7
lo =Details!$P$8
mo =Details!$P$9
Mustbe0 =Details!$R$5
Po =Details!$P$7
Print_Area =Details!$A$1:$R$46
Px =Details!$C$7
Py =Details!$C$6
Rn =(1-EXP(-10*d/dmax*0.34))^0.55
Rult =Details!$B$10
SumRcos =Details!$O$4
SumRd =Details!$Q$4
SumRsin =Details!$M$4
theta =ATAN2(X-Xo,Y-Yo)-PI()/2
Units =Input!$B$8
X =OFFSET(BigX,0,0,COUNT(BigX),1)
Xc =Details!$F$12
Xo =Details!$D$12
Y =OFFSET(X,0,1)
Yc =Details!$G$12
ECCENTRICALLY LOADED BOLT GROUP
ULTIMATE STRENGTH METHOD

This spreadsheet is using the


Y Instantenious Center of Rotation
Pu Py Method to determine shear capacity of
Input bolt group. This method is described in
Details LRFD Code (2nd Edition, Volume II, p.
(Xi,Yi)
8-28). In theory, the bolt group rotates
b
around IC, and the displacements of
CG (Xc,Yc) e each bolt is proportional to the
Px distance to IC. The load deformation
relationship of the bolt:
lo qi R=Rult(1-exp(-10D)0.55), where
ey Rult = fRn bolt ultimate shear strength.
mo di D = total deformation of the bolt
Ri
(inches), experementally determined
ex
IC (Xo,Yo) X Dmax = 0.34 inches.
Solving the system of three equilibrium
equations we can find location of IC
and ultimate shear force of bolt group.
Input Data: Spreadsheet Formulas: Please, be aware of possibly wrong
solution when instantenious center is
Shear force application: Px Py ex ey Xc = AVERAGE(Xi) too far from bolt group center.
Bolt locations: Xi Yi Yc = AVERAGE(Yi)
Single bolt shear capacity: fRn Xo = -losin(b) - mocos(b) + Xc
Yo = locos(b) - mosin(b) + Yc
Equlibrium equations: e = - (ey-Yc)cos(b) + (ex-Xc)sin(b)
qi = atan((Yi-Yo)/(Xi-Xo)) - p/2
(1) SRisin(qi) + Pusin(b) = 0 di = sqrt((Yi-Yo)^2+(Xi-Xo)2)
(2) SRicos(qi) + Pucos(b) = 0 dmax = max(di)
(3) SRidi + Pu(e+lo) = 0 Dmax = 0.34 inches
Di = Dmax(di/dmax)
Equations variables: Pu lo and mo Ri = fRn(1-exp(-10Di))0.55